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Concussion

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Full-Text Articles in Sports Medicine

Change In Concussion Knowledge And Attitudes From Pre To Post Season In Sports, Lauren Dolick, Janet E. Simon Ohio University, Laura Harris May 2019

Change In Concussion Knowledge And Attitudes From Pre To Post Season In Sports, Lauren Dolick, Janet E. Simon Ohio University, Laura Harris

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

Please enjoy Volume 5, Issue 1 of the JSMAHS. In this issue you will find Professional and under graduate research abstracts, case reports, and critically appraised topics.

Thank you for viewing this 5th Annual OATA Special Edition.


Inter-Rater Agreement Of A Functional Dual-Task Test Developed For The Assessment Of Sports Related Concussions, Christopher J. Ballance, Maria Talarico, James Onate May 2019

Inter-Rater Agreement Of A Functional Dual-Task Test Developed For The Assessment Of Sports Related Concussions, Christopher J. Ballance, Maria Talarico, James Onate

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

Please enjoy Volume 5, Issue 1 of the JSMAHS. In this issue you will find Professional and under graduate research abstracts, case reports, and critically appraised topics.

This research was funded by an OATA Research Grant

Thank you for viewing this 5th Annual OATA Special Edition.


Does Early Physical Therapy And Vestibular Rehabilitation After A Sports-Related Concussion Decrease The Amount Of Time For Symptom Resolution When Compared To The Standard Of Care?, Anna Inserra Jan 2019

Does Early Physical Therapy And Vestibular Rehabilitation After A Sports-Related Concussion Decrease The Amount Of Time For Symptom Resolution When Compared To The Standard Of Care?, Anna Inserra

PCOM Physician Assistant Studies Student Scholarship

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this selective EBM review is to determine whether or not early physical therapy and vestibular rehabilitation after a sports-related concussion (SRC) decreases the amount of time for symptom resolution compared to the standard of care.

STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review of two randomized controlled trials published in 2014 and 2017, and one case series published in 2010.

DATA SOURCES: All articles, which analyzed the effect of vestibular therapy on treatment of concussive symptoms, were presented in English and were taken from peer-reviewed sources using PubMed and EBSCOhost.

OUTCOMES MEASURED: Days from onset of vestibular rehabilitation for persisting ...


Feasibility Assessment Of The Reebok Checklight™ And King-Devick Tests As Screening Tools In Youth Football, Brent Harper, Adrian Aron, Alex Siyufy, Angela Mickle, Ken Cox Sep 2018

Feasibility Assessment Of The Reebok Checklight™ And King-Devick Tests As Screening Tools In Youth Football, Brent Harper, Adrian Aron, Alex Siyufy, Angela Mickle, Ken Cox

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

Background: Concussions are one of the foremost issues in sport, with football having one of the highest incidence rate of injury. Moreover, there is a need to monitor sub-concussive head impacts because they do not initiate further assessment which may increase an athlete’s risk of suffering a brain injury. The purpose of this article is to discuss the viability of use for the Reebok CHECKLIGHT™ system and its correlation to concussive events screening in two levels of football: youth recreation league football (ages 11-13) and high school football (ages 13-18). Results: The Reebok CHECKLIGHT™ system activation did not correlate ...


Incidence Of Head Injury Among Synchronized Skaters: Rates, Risks, And Behaviors, Gretchen L. Mohney Aug 2018

Incidence Of Head Injury Among Synchronized Skaters: Rates, Risks, And Behaviors, Gretchen L. Mohney

Dissertations

Data regarding risk and rates for head injury and concussion specific to the sport of synchronized skating is absent from literature. This study investigated the rate and risk for head injury and concussion as a function of team level, identified behaviors to include education, neurocognitive baseline screening and protective equipment utilization, and the implementation of return to sport protocols.

An anonymous cross-sectional survey was implemented at the 2018 U.S. Synchronized Skating Championships. Participants were female members of a qualifying team, ages 13 and older, at the intermediate participation level and higher. The survey response rate was 42% (520/1232 ...


Injuries In The Chinese Arena Football League: American Versus Chinese Players., Tianwu Chen, Austin Wetzler, Scott Singer, Michael Feldman, David Rubenstein, Gunnar Gillespie, Shiyi Chen, Merrick Wetzler Jun 2018

Injuries In The Chinese Arena Football League: American Versus Chinese Players., Tianwu Chen, Austin Wetzler, Scott Singer, Michael Feldman, David Rubenstein, Gunnar Gillespie, Shiyi Chen, Merrick Wetzler

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

Background: Arena football is an indoor version of American football played in indoor arenas on a smaller field with 8 players per team. Only 1 study has evaluated injury rates in arena football, and no study had compared 2 distinct cohorts of players.

Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare injury rates in American versus Chinese athletes in the Chinese Arena Football League. Our hypothesis was that the rate of significant injuries (≥7 days of time lost from play) would be statistically significantly higher in Chinese athletes.

Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2 ...


Accuracy Of The "Helmet Halo" Device In Identifying Improper Tackling Form In Division Iii College Football Players, Hogan Marshall, Case Troyer, Shelley Payne May 2018

Accuracy Of The "Helmet Halo" Device In Identifying Improper Tackling Form In Division Iii College Football Players, Hogan Marshall, Case Troyer, Shelley Payne

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

In volume 4, Issue 1 of the JSMAHS you will find Professional Research Abstracts, as well as Bachelor Student Research Abstracts and Case Reports.

Thank you for viewing this 4th Annual OATA Special Edition


Evaluation Of Head Impact Exposure Between One Season Of Youth Versus High School Football, Kim D. Barber Foss, Christopher Dicesare, Jed A. Diekfuss, Weihong Yuan, Gregory D. Myer May 2018

Evaluation Of Head Impact Exposure Between One Season Of Youth Versus High School Football, Kim D. Barber Foss, Christopher Dicesare, Jed A. Diekfuss, Weihong Yuan, Gregory D. Myer

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

In Volume 4, Issue 1 of the JSMAHS you will find Professional research abstracts, as well as Under Graduate student research abstracts, case reports, and critically appraised topics.

Thank you for viewing this 4th Annual OATA Special Edition.


Evaluation Of Concussion Incidence And Modulating Factors In The 2013-2017 Australian Football League, Ryan Adams, George K. Lau, Jennifer B. Dai, Adam Y. Li, Kevin P. Cheung, Syed Haider, Alex Gometz Jan 2018

Evaluation Of Concussion Incidence And Modulating Factors In The 2013-2017 Australian Football League, Ryan Adams, George K. Lau, Jennifer B. Dai, Adam Y. Li, Kevin P. Cheung, Syed Haider, Alex Gometz

Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine (New York) Publications and Research

The increasing awareness and popularization of concussions in the research realm over the last few years have begun to shed more light on the detrimental effects associated with repetitive head trauma. While the majority of the current literature focuses on the National Football League (NFL) and National Hockey League (NHL), several other high-impact sports have been implementing concussion management protocols to protect their players. The Australian Football League (AFL) is a prime example of a major contact sport that has undertaken recent changes to its concussion assessment and management modalities. We recognize the benefit of reporting potential changes in concussion ...


Cte And The Effects Of Multiple Concussions On College Athletes, Hunter Cote Jan 2018

Cte And The Effects Of Multiple Concussions On College Athletes, Hunter Cote

Honors Theses

The purpose of this research was to determine if signs and symptoms of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) could be detected in college athletes who have suffered multiple concussions. College athletes are likely to be at an increased risk of suffering a concussion, due to the high-impact trauma that is often seen in contact sports. This question was explored through the use of a survey, cognitive test, known as the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), and the Beck Depression Inventory. The questions on the survey included necessary background information (i.e. age and sex), as well as more personal information including ...


Vestibular Post Concussion Therapy: Using Sports-Related Activities After Passing The Impact Test, Steven O'Hara May 2017

Vestibular Post Concussion Therapy: Using Sports-Related Activities After Passing The Impact Test, Steven O'Hara

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

In Volume 3, Issue 1 of the JSMAHS you will find Professional research abstracts, as well as Under Graduate student research abstracts, case reports, and critically appraised topics.

Thank you for viewing this 3rd Annual OATA Special Edition.


Do Athletes With Musculoskeletal Injuries Show Similar Patterns Of Cognitive Decline As Seen In Concussed Athletes?, Janae Wicker, Larry Howard, Erika Smith-Goodwin May 2017

Do Athletes With Musculoskeletal Injuries Show Similar Patterns Of Cognitive Decline As Seen In Concussed Athletes?, Janae Wicker, Larry Howard, Erika Smith-Goodwin

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

In Volume 3, Issue 1 of the JSMAHS you will find Professional research abstracts, as well as Under Graduate student research abstracts, case reports, and critically appraised topics.

Thank you for viewing this 3rd Annual OATA Special Edition.


Effectiveness Of Neck Strengthening Exercises On Reducing Brain Injury, Amia Gaines, Andrea Cripps May 2017

Effectiveness Of Neck Strengthening Exercises On Reducing Brain Injury, Amia Gaines, Andrea Cripps

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

In Volume 3, Issue 1 of the JSMAHS you will find Professional research abstracts, as well as Under Graduate student research abstracts, case reports, and critically appraised topics.

Thank you for viewing this 3rd Annual OATA Special Edition.


Correlation Between Volitional And Functional Balance Control In Healthy Young Athletes, Kerri Grothaus, Andrea Cripps, Adam Fullenkamp, Matt Laurent May 2017

Correlation Between Volitional And Functional Balance Control In Healthy Young Athletes, Kerri Grothaus, Andrea Cripps, Adam Fullenkamp, Matt Laurent

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

In Volume 3, Issue 1 of the JSMAHS you will find Professionals abstracts, as well Under Graduate student research abstracts, case reports, and critically appraised topics.

Thank you for viewing this 3rd Annual OATA Special Edition.


Concussion Knowledge And Prior Concussion Experience Of Theater Personnel, Brooke Daniell, Jeffery A. Russell May 2017

Concussion Knowledge And Prior Concussion Experience Of Theater Personnel, Brooke Daniell, Jeffery A. Russell

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

In Volume 3, Issue 1 of the JSMAHS you will find Professional research abstracts, as well as Under Graduate student research abstracts, case reports, and critically appraised topics.

Thank you for viewing this 3rd Annual OATA Special Edition.


Knowledge And Behavioral Patterns Of Youth Ice Hockey Parents Regarding Sport Concussion: A Pilot Study, Jeff G. Konin, Delaney Horsley Mar 2017

Knowledge And Behavioral Patterns Of Youth Ice Hockey Parents Regarding Sport Concussion: A Pilot Study, Jeff G. Konin, Delaney Horsley

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: There is an abundance of available concussion education programs for parents of youth ice hockey players. Parents play a vital role in recognizing signs and symptoms of a concussion sustained by a child, and therefore their knowledge and retention of such information is deemed to be very important. The purpose of the pilot survey is identify the general knowledge parents of youth ice hockey players possess regarding concussion. Methods: A survey of a sample of convenience was utilized. Forty-five parents (40 to 49 years of age) of youth ice hockey players were asked to complete a one-page survey to ...


Analysis Of Sideline Concussion Screening Tools In An Athletic Setting, Steven Young Jan 2017

Analysis Of Sideline Concussion Screening Tools In An Athletic Setting, Steven Young

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

This paper serves as a primer to healthcare professionals of the now and future of sideline screening for concussion. In the past decade, significant research into sports-related concussions has expanded understanding of what is as a very complex injury. As the definition of concussion has evolved, the impact they have is put into perspective. As more research into the short- and long-term effects of concussions brings to light the effects of continuing to participate after suffering a concussion, the importance of keeping concussed athletes off the field is now understood as a potential life or death situation. With the dangers ...


Concussion Policy Development At The Ymca Of Missoula, Keith Forkin Jan 2017

Concussion Policy Development At The Ymca Of Missoula, Keith Forkin

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

This professional paper addresses the implementation of concussion policy for the YMCA of Missoula. Specifically, evaluating concussion policy throughout the United States and determining key aspects of implementation. Evaluating the role of all people who that are influenced by concussion policy is imperative to developing a sound policy. Athletes, parents, coaches and health care providers each play essential roles when considering the effectiveness of policy implementation. While exploring varying concussion policies and research, this professional paper recognizes each of these essential aspects and incorporates them into the final Concussion Policy by the YMCA of Missoula.


Concussion Knowledge Of Missoula Youth Hockey Participants And Their Parents, Samantha Riordan Jan 2017

Concussion Knowledge Of Missoula Youth Hockey Participants And Their Parents, Samantha Riordan

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

Abstract:

Background: The Dylan Steigers Protection of Youth Athletes Act (DSPYAA) was passed by Montana legislature in 2013 which calls for mandatory concussion education of coaches, parents, and athletes. This law only applies to school sponsored sports, excluding those involved in youth sports organizations (YSO), such as youth hockey.

Hypothesis: Participating youth athletes and parents will not be able to identify signs and symptoms of a concussion and will not be able to identify future consequences of a poorly managed concussion.

Study Design: Cross sectional survey. Level of Evidence: Level 4

Methods: A descriptive questionnaire, Concussion Knowledge in Youth Sports ...


Identifying Cognitive And Postural Deficits Through Re-Baseline Evaluations, Brian J. Mizeski Jan 2017

Identifying Cognitive And Postural Deficits Through Re-Baseline Evaluations, Brian J. Mizeski

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Introduction: Baseline evaluations provide vital information for clinicians, as they are a representation of an athlete’s healthy clinical state. It has been recommended when an athlete sustain a concussion, they be administered a re-baseline evaluation, as the effects of a single concussion are not well documented. Limited literature was found which examines re-baseline examinations following a concussion. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate cognitive and postural deficits, in athletes who sustained a concussion, at the conclusion of the athletic season. Methods: 38 concussed athletes (CONC) were matched on sport and gender with 38 healthy controls (NORM ...


Concussion Knowledge And Understanding In Ghsa Guardians, Chloe C. Salway Jan 2017

Concussion Knowledge And Understanding In Ghsa Guardians, Chloe C. Salway

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Context: Concussions are a serious injury that could result in both short and long-term consequences, particularly if not recognized and managed appropriately. Concussion education has been implemented, mostly as a result of Concussion legislation. Coach and athlete concussion education has been evaluated in the literature, however the literature is scarce on parental concussion education.

Purpose: To assess concussion knowledge and understanding in guardians of Georgia High School Association (GHSA) student-athletes that completed the GHSA concussion awareness form, in comparison to those that received additional concussion education.

Methods: This study utilized a prospective cross-sectional descriptive research design. Participants were GHSA guardians ...


Exploring Oculomotor Trends In Collegiate Athletes, Brett Whorley, Julie A. Honaker Apr 2016

Exploring Oculomotor Trends In Collegiate Athletes, Brett Whorley, Julie A. Honaker

UCARE Research Products

Collaborative efforts to improve athlete safety without significantly hindering the rules of the games aim to develop a novel system to better measure and diagnose concussions. Provided that common signs of concussions include blurred vision, distant gaze, and dizziness, the Dizziness and Balance Disorders Lab at UNL believes that the simple oculomotor exam studied in this project may be applied to this procedure. Within the broader goal to better understand the causes, signs, symptoms, and prognosis of concussions, researchers desired to further investigate the results of this oculomotor test. The aim was to identify and interpret correlations between collegiate athlete ...


A Culture That Fosters Concussions: Does Increased Education Lead To More Accurate Reporting Of Concussions?, Michael Heptig Jan 2016

A Culture That Fosters Concussions: Does Increased Education Lead To More Accurate Reporting Of Concussions?, Michael Heptig

PCOM Psychology Dissertations

With over 1.7 million incidents reported annually, concussion has become the most common class of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the United States (Bazarian, Zhu, Blyth, Borrino, & Zhong, 2012). As staggering a statistic as this may be, many believe it fails to represent the true number of concussions because the non-reporting of symptoms has been commonplace among athletes (Khurana & Kaye, 2012; Williamson & Goodman, 2006). The aim of this study was to determine those factors that influence the reporting of concussion symptoms. Specific variables that were examined include the amount of concussion education provided (determined by requisite amount of concussion education in minutes), number of required participants in training, the utilization of baseline neurocognitive testing, the number of years concussion legislation has been in place, and the presence of a certified athletic trainer. A ...


The Progression Of Neurological Impairment In Sport-Related Brain Injuries, Nicole Leo Jan 2016

The Progression Of Neurological Impairment In Sport-Related Brain Injuries, Nicole Leo

Honors Theses

Millions of Americans sustain traumatic head injuries each year when participating in various high and low-risk activities. Athletes, in general, are more prone to sustaining brain injuries than others, particularly those that participate in collision sports. This thesis discusses brain damage and long-term effects incurred by collision sport-related traumatic brain injuries such as the formation of amyloid-beta plaques in brain tissue and the increased possibility of developing neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's. In addition, brain development and plasticity over time are reviewed revealing the concept that brain plasticity and brain development are key processes that occur throughout childhood, adolescence ...


Longitudinal Examination Of Perceived Stress And Depression Symptomology In Division I Student-Athletes, Bobby Daigle Jan 2016

Longitudinal Examination Of Perceived Stress And Depression Symptomology In Division I Student-Athletes, Bobby Daigle

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

CONTEXT: Concussions are all too prevalent in amongst athletes. Concussions make up almost 5 percent of all collegiate athletic injuries. Concussions have been linked with many long lasting effects including depression and increased stress or anxiety.

OBJECTIVE: To longitudinally examine post-concussion depression and stress levels in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division 1 athletes.

DESIGN: Descriptive longitudinal study.

SETTING: National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I collegiate athletics.

PARTICIPANTS: Concussed and uninjured Division I collegiate athletes, ages 18-22, competing in football, women’s soccer, baseball, softball, and women’s track.

INTERVENTION(S): Participants completed the CES-D at baseline, 1 week, 1 month ...


Neurocognitive Patterns, Symptom Clusters, And Premorbid Factors That Predict Protracted Recovery From Concussion In Females, Sarah Pulaski Jan 2015

Neurocognitive Patterns, Symptom Clusters, And Premorbid Factors That Predict Protracted Recovery From Concussion In Females, Sarah Pulaski

PCOM Psychology Dissertations

Concussion is an increasingly diagnosed injury that affects individuals of all ages. Although the underlying cause is unknown, research has demonstrated that females who sustain a concussion experience longer recoveries. Existing research has documented a relationship between age, gender, post-concussive headache and mental health conditions, and recovery; however, limited research has investigated the relationship between premorbid clinical variables and recovery. Research on post-injury neurocognitive declines and recovery has also demonstrated varied findings. Moreover, dizziness has been identified as significantly predictive of prolonged recovery, but no studies have investigated the effect of premorbid headache conditions on the development of dizziness. The ...


Determining The False Positive Rate Of A Concussion Battery In Healthy Division I Collegiate Athletes, Caitlynn S. Hellwig Jan 2015

Determining The False Positive Rate Of A Concussion Battery In Healthy Division I Collegiate Athletes, Caitlynn S. Hellwig

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Context: Athletic participation accounts for 1.6-3.8 million concussions, or mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBI) every year in the United States. Accurate assessment and diagnosis of concussions is critical to protect athletes from further injury. The Fourth International Conference on Concussion in Sport Consensus Statement recommends a multifaceted concussion assessment which includes symptom inventories, postural stability assessment, and neurocognitive testing. The accuracy of each test is vital in correctly diagnosing concussions. The Balance Error Scoring System (BESS), Standardized Assessment of Concussion (SAC), and Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) are among the most commonly used assessment tools by ...


History Of Concussion Research In American Football, Timothy Hersey Jun 2013

History Of Concussion Research In American Football, Timothy Hersey

Honors Theses

Concussions have been the topic of discussion in the news and media in recent years for their profound impact on today’s sport industry. Athletes have become bigger, faster, and stronger then in the past, increasing the chance of injury. This can been seen in all sports. Contact sports specifically have seen a rise in mild traumatic brain injuries (MTBIs) over the years. Extensive research has been done to determine the causes of concussion, the short and long term effects of brain injury, and better ways to reduce the risk in sports. Concussion research in athletics has mainly focused on ...


Regulation Vs. The Market: The Case Of Bicycle Safety (Part Ii), Ross D. Petty Mar 1991

Regulation Vs. The Market: The Case Of Bicycle Safety (Part Ii), Ross D. Petty

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment (1990-2002)

In this part, Professor Petty examines bicycle Risk in detail, comparing the accomplishments of the CPSC's bicycle standard with market forces resulting in, e.g., the development and use of hardshell bicycle helmets. Moreover, he briefly discusses the role of tort liability in managing Risk. Ultimately he concludes that, in the case of bicycle safety, regulation has failed to be as effective as other forces tending to reduce bicycle injuries. [Part I appears at 77.]