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Full-Text Articles in Sports Medicine

Effects Of Psychiatric Comorbidities On The Perioperative Outcomes Following A Primary Total Arthroplasty, Taylor Smith Apr 2018

Effects Of Psychiatric Comorbidities On The Perioperative Outcomes Following A Primary Total Arthroplasty, Taylor Smith

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

This review was conducted to compare the perioperative outcomes following a total primary arthroplasty among patients with a psychiatric comorbidity versus those without a psychiatric comorbidity. Literature was reviewed from the database Pubmed. Seven cohort and case-control studies were reviewed, with the largest sample size of 8.4 million patients. Psychiatric comorbidities resulted in increased negative perioperative outcomes compared to patients without psychiatric comorbidities in six articles. These studies observed higher rates of revision, blood transfusion, mortality, non-traditional discharge, and increased length and cost of stay for patients with a diagnosed psychiatric condition. Therefore, it was concluded from most studies ...


Therapeutic Effects Of Instrument-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization And The Use In Athletic Populations: A Literature Review, Jenna Treloar Mar 2018

Therapeutic Effects Of Instrument-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization And The Use In Athletic Populations: A Literature Review, Jenna Treloar

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

This literature review examines the mechanism and application of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) in athletic populations. IASTM is a treatment technique used for soft tissue pathologies. Experimental studies have been performed to determine the effects of IASTM on range of motion, pain, and inflammation in upper and lower extremities. Conflicting evidence exists for the effect of IASTM on the inflammatory reparative process of the body while more evidence exists in support of the technique’s benefits on pain reduction and improvement in range of motion. Understanding the effects of IASTM on range of motion, pain, and inflammation may be ...