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Sports Medicine Commons

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2016

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Articles 1 - 30 of 66

Full-Text Articles in Sports Medicine

Post-Concussion Experiences Of Collegiate Student-Athletes, Kaitlin Iris Singer Dec 2016

Post-Concussion Experiences Of Collegiate Student-Athletes, Kaitlin Iris Singer

Doctoral Dissertations

Sports-related concussions are a major public health concern affecting a significant number of collegiate student-athletes. Medical and public health research has addressed every aspect of concussion management processes including concussion education, medical diagnosis, recovery, and returning to sport and classroom. This research has led to several best-practices for concussion management. Since 2010, the NCAA has mandated that its member institutions maintain concussion management policies and procedures. However, the current recommendations, based primarily on medical research, have been found in quantitative studies of the behaviors and practices of athletic trainers, coaches, and student-athletes to be ineffective. To date, no studies have ...


Effect Of Electrolyzed High-Ph Alkaline Water On Blood Viscosity In Healthy Adults., Joseph J. Weidman, Ralph E. Holsworth, Bradley Brossman, Daniel J. Cho, John St Cyr, Gregory Fridman Nov 2016

Effect Of Electrolyzed High-Ph Alkaline Water On Blood Viscosity In Healthy Adults., Joseph J. Weidman, Ralph E. Holsworth, Bradley Brossman, Daniel J. Cho, John St Cyr, Gregory Fridman

Student Papers & Posters

BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown fluid replacement beverages ingested after exercise can affect hydration biomarkers. No specific hydration marker is universally accepted as an ideal rehydration parameter following strenuous exercise. Currently, changes in body mass are used as a parameter during post-exercise hydration. Additional parameters are needed to fully appreciate and better understand rehydration following strenuous exercise. This randomized, double-blind, parallel-arm trial assessed the effect of high-pH water on four biomarkers after exercise-induced dehydration.

METHODS: One hundred healthy adults (50 M/50 F, 31 ± 6 years of age) were enrolled at a single clinical research center in Camden, NJ and ...


Injuries Associated With Sport Participation Amongst Australian Army Personnel, Ben Schram, Rodney Pope, Rob Orr Nov 2016

Injuries Associated With Sport Participation Amongst Australian Army Personnel, Ben Schram, Rodney Pope, Rob Orr

Rob Marc Orr

Abstract published in the Journal of Military and Veteran’s Health, 24(4), p. 29.


Injuries Associated With Sport Participation Amongst Australian Army Personnel, Ben Schram, Rodney Pope, Rob Orr Nov 2016

Injuries Associated With Sport Participation Amongst Australian Army Personnel, Ben Schram, Rodney Pope, Rob Orr

Rodney P Pope

Abstract published in the Journal of Military and Veteran’s Health, 24(4), p. 29.


National Rugby League Athletes And Tendon Tap Reflex Assessment: A Matched Cohort Clinical Study., James Maurini, Paul Ohmsen, Greg Condon, Rodney Pope, Wayne Hing Nov 2016

National Rugby League Athletes And Tendon Tap Reflex Assessment: A Matched Cohort Clinical Study., James Maurini, Paul Ohmsen, Greg Condon, Rodney Pope, Wayne Hing

Wayne Hing

BACKGROUND: Limited research suggests elite athletes may differ from non-athletes in clinical tendon tap reflex responses. METHODS: n this matched cohort study, 25 elite rugby league athletes were compared with 29 non-athletes to examine differences in tendon reflex responses. Relationships between reflex responses and lengths of players' careers were also examined. Biceps, triceps, patellar and Achilles tendon reflexes were clinically assessed. RESULTS: Right and left reflexes were well correlated for each tendon (rS = 0.7-0.9). The elite rugby league athletes exhibited significantly weaker reflex responses than non-athletes in all four tendons (p < 0.005). Biceps reflexes demonstrated the largest ...


Wearable Imu For Shoulder Injury Prevention In Overhead Sports, Samir A. Rawashdeh, Derek A. Rafeldt, Timothy L. Uhl Nov 2016

Wearable Imu For Shoulder Injury Prevention In Overhead Sports, Samir A. Rawashdeh, Derek A. Rafeldt, Timothy L. Uhl

Rehabilitation Sciences Faculty Publications

Body-worn inertial sensors have enabled motion capture outside of the laboratory setting. In this work, an inertial measurement unit was attached to the upper arm to track and discriminate between shoulder motion gestures in order to help prevent shoulder over-use injuries in athletics through real-time preventative feedback. We present a detection and classification approach that can be used to count the number of times certain motion gestures occur. The application presented involves tracking baseball throws and volleyball serves, which are common overhead movements that can lead to shoulder and elbow overuse injuries. Eleven subjects are recruited to collect training, testing ...


The Relevance Of Sex Differences In Performance Fatigability, Sandra K. Hunter Nov 2016

The Relevance Of Sex Differences In Performance Fatigability, Sandra K. Hunter

Exercise Science Faculty Research and Publications

Performance fatigability differs between men and women for a range of fatiguing tasks. Women are usually less fatigable than men, and this is most widely described for isometric fatiguing contractions and some dynamic tasks. The sex difference in fatigability is specific to the task demands so that one mechanism is not universal, including any sex differences in skeletal muscle physiology, muscle perfusion, and voluntary activation. However, there are substantial knowledge gaps about the task dependency of the sex differences in fatigability, the involved mechanisms, and the relevance to clinical populations and with advanced age. The knowledge gaps are in part ...


Cleveland Clinic Summer Scholars Program, Monica Singh Oct 2016

Cleveland Clinic Summer Scholars Program, Monica Singh

Trick to the Treat of Internships and Research

No abstract provided.


The Physiological, Musculoskeletal And Psychological Effects Of Stand Up Paddle Boarding, Ben Schram, Wayne F. Hing, Michael Climstein Oct 2016

The Physiological, Musculoskeletal And Psychological Effects Of Stand Up Paddle Boarding, Ben Schram, Wayne F. Hing, Michael Climstein

Wayne Hing

Background: Stand up paddle boarding (SUP) is a rapidly growing sport and recreational activity where anecdotal evidence exists for its proposed health, fitness and injury rehabilitation benefits. While limited scientific evidence exists to substantiate these claims, previous studies have shown that high levels of fitness, strength and balance exists amongst participants of this sport. The purpose of this study was to conduct a training intervention on a group of previously untrained individuals to ascertain the potential of SUP on various health parameters. Methods: An intervention study was conducted where after being tested initially, subjects were left for 6 weeks to ...


The Physiological, Musculoskeletal And Psychological Effects Of Stand Up Paddle Boarding, Ben Schram, Wayne F. Hing, Michael Climstein Oct 2016

The Physiological, Musculoskeletal And Psychological Effects Of Stand Up Paddle Boarding, Ben Schram, Wayne F. Hing, Michael Climstein

Ben Schram

Background: Stand up paddle boarding (SUP) is a rapidly growing sport and recreational activity where anecdotal evidence exists for its proposed health, fitness and injury rehabilitation benefits. While limited scientific evidence exists to substantiate these claims, previous studies have shown that high levels of fitness, strength and balance exists amongst participants of this sport. The purpose of this study was to conduct a training intervention on a group of previously untrained individuals to ascertain the potential of SUP on various health parameters. Methods: An intervention study was conducted where after being tested initially, subjects were left for 6 weeks to ...


Lifetime Prevalence Of Non-Melanoma And Melanoma Skin Cancer In Australia Surfers, James Furness, Mike Climstein, Wayne F. Hing, Joe Walsh Sep 2016

Lifetime Prevalence Of Non-Melanoma And Melanoma Skin Cancer In Australia Surfers, James Furness, Mike Climstein, Wayne F. Hing, Joe Walsh

Wayne Hing

Introduction

Surfing is one of the most popular aquatic activities in Australia with an estimated 2.7 million recreational surfers 1 however, Australia has long been recognized as having the highest incidence of melanoma in the world. As a result the expected risk of skin cancer in surfers due to long periods of exposure to ultraviolet radiation is of great concern 2. The aim of this study was to investigate the lifetime prevalence of non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSCs), (basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)), and melanoma skin cancers (MSCs) in Australian surfers.

Methods

Given the geographic distribution of ...


Lifetime Prevalence Of Non-Melanoma And Melanoma Skin Cancer In Australia Surfers, James Furness, Mike Climstein, Wayne F. Hing, Joe Walsh Sep 2016

Lifetime Prevalence Of Non-Melanoma And Melanoma Skin Cancer In Australia Surfers, James Furness, Mike Climstein, Wayne F. Hing, Joe Walsh

James Furness

Introduction

Surfing is one of the most popular aquatic activities in Australia with an estimated 2.7 million recreational surfers 1 however, Australia has long been recognized as having the highest incidence of melanoma in the world. As a result the expected risk of skin cancer in surfers due to long periods of exposure to ultraviolet radiation is of great concern 2. The aim of this study was to investigate the lifetime prevalence of non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSCs), (basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)), and melanoma skin cancers (MSCs) in Australian surfers.

Methods

Given the geographic distribution of ...


Reliability And Validity Of The Star Excursion Balance Test For Patients With Chronic Patellar Instability, Andrew D. Firth Aug 2016

Reliability And Validity Of The Star Excursion Balance Test For Patients With Chronic Patellar Instability, Andrew D. Firth

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) is an eight-direction, maximal-reach balance test whose measurement properties are unknown in participants with chronic patellar instability. We designed an observational study with repeated measures to evaluate the test-retest reliability, cross-sectional and longitudinal construct validity, sensitivity to change and responsiveness of the SEBT in this population. Fifteen patients completed the SEBT and reported outcomes at baseline and two weeks and four patients completed testing three months later at the Fowler Kennedy Sports Medicine Clinic.

Intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC) for the SEBT were fair to good, ranging from 0.66-0.84. The SEBT demonstrates good ...


Clinical Methods To Quantify Trunk Mobility In An Elite Male Surfing Population, James Furness, Michael Climstein, Jeremy Sheppard, Allan Abbott, Wayne Hing Aug 2016

Clinical Methods To Quantify Trunk Mobility In An Elite Male Surfing Population, James Furness, Michael Climstein, Jeremy Sheppard, Allan Abbott, Wayne Hing

James Furness

Background

Thoracic mobility in the sagittal and horizontal planes are key requirements in the sport of surfing; however to date the normal values of these movements have not yet been quantified in a surfing population.

Objectives

To develop a reliable method to quantify thoracic mobility in the sagittal plane; to assess the reliability of an existing thoracic rotation method, and quantify thoracic mobility in an elite male surfing population.

Design

Clinical Measurement, reliability and comparative study.

Methods

A total of 30 subjects were used to determine the reliability component. 15 elite surfers were used as part of a comparative analysis ...


A Comparison Of Cervical And Trunk Musculoskeletal Characteristics Between Female And Male Army Helicopter Pilots, Takashi Nagai, Karen A. Keenan, John P. Abt, Timothy C. Sell, Brian W. Smalley, Michael D. Wirt, Scott M. Lephart Aug 2016

A Comparison Of Cervical And Trunk Musculoskeletal Characteristics Between Female And Male Army Helicopter Pilots, Takashi Nagai, Karen A. Keenan, John P. Abt, Timothy C. Sell, Brian W. Smalley, Michael D. Wirt, Scott M. Lephart

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

Introduction: Neck pain (NP) and low back pain (LBP) are prevalent among military helicopter pilots. Although there have been few studies on sex differences in the NP/LBP prevalence in this population, females are shown to be at a greater risk of NP/LBP in civilian studies. This disparity may be due to musculoskeletal characteristics differences that predispose females for NP/LBP. The purpose of this study was to compare cervical and trunk musculoskeletal characteristics between male and female pilots. Methods: A total of 8 female pilots (Age: 27.6 ± 4.2yrs, HT: 166.1 ± 7.7cm, WT: 67.9 ...


Management And Rehabilitation Strategies Following Ied Related Mild Traumatic Brain Injury In Civilian Settings - What To Expect And How To Optimize Recovery From Mtbi, Stefanie Podlog (Nee Schulte), Leslie W. Podlog, Wesley C. Kory Tsgt, William J. Brown Ltc Jul 2016

Management And Rehabilitation Strategies Following Ied Related Mild Traumatic Brain Injury In Civilian Settings - What To Expect And How To Optimize Recovery From Mtbi, Stefanie Podlog (Nee Schulte), Leslie W. Podlog, Wesley C. Kory Tsgt, William J. Brown Ltc

Athletic Training Collection

The wide array of psychological and physical responses following an IED bombing may reduce the likelihood that appropriate assessment and recovery from mTBI occur. Such a situation is problematic as mTBI itself may negatively influence the recovery from the traumatic event or associated injuries if not diagnosed and managed properly. Consequently, the overall aim of this article is to better inform healthcare practitioners, patients, and patients’ social support networkabout the nature of IED-related mild traumatic brain injuries. In so doing, we hope to facilitate enhanced assessment, management, and rehabilitation of this injury. In particular, the specific goals of the review ...


A Case Study Of School Age Female Minority Athletes Who Became Pregnant, Floyd Jones Phd, Jennifer Y. Mak, Phyllis A. Jones Ed Jul 2016

A Case Study Of School Age Female Minority Athletes Who Became Pregnant, Floyd Jones Phd, Jennifer Y. Mak, Phyllis A. Jones Ed

Jennifer Y Mak

The purpose of this study is to provide an in-depth understanding of ''What had happened to the urban minority female athletes who became pregnant while playing high school basketball?'' The study wanted to provide a qualitative analysis of rich narrative data collected from questionnaire interviews of two separate groups (one in Pittsburgh, the other in New York City). The findings of this study suggest that in fact urban female African-Americans athletes still received benefits from sports participation.


Preventing Sports Injuries, Chris Fagerness Jun 2016

Preventing Sports Injuries, Chris Fagerness

Staff Work

"It may be beneficial to participate in a variety of athletic activities during the year, however it is important to take rest periods between athletic seasons."

Posting about strength and conditioning for athletes­­­­­­­­ from In All Things - an online hub committed to the claim that the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ has implications for the entire world.

http://inallthings.org/preventing-sports-injuries/


The Epidemiology Of Injuries In Australian Professional Rugby Union 2014 Super Rugby Competition, Timothy Whitehouse, Rob Orr, Edward Fitzgerald, Simon Harries, Christopher P. Mclellan Jun 2016

The Epidemiology Of Injuries In Australian Professional Rugby Union 2014 Super Rugby Competition, Timothy Whitehouse, Rob Orr, Edward Fitzgerald, Simon Harries, Christopher P. Mclellan

Rob Marc Orr

Background:

Rugby union is a collision-based ball sport played at the professional level internationally. Rugby union has one of the highest reported incidences of injury of all team sports.

Purpose:

To identify the characteristics, incidence, and severity of injuries occurring in Australian professional Super Rugby Union.

Design: Descriptive epidemiology study.

Methods:

The present study was a prospective epidemiology study on a cohort of 180 professional players from 5 Australian Super Rugby teams during the 2014 Super Rugby Union Tournament. Team medical staff collected and submitted daily training and match-play injury data through a secure, web-based electronic platform. The injury data ...


Inter-Rater Agreement Of The Visually Rated Single-Leg Squat Assessment, Christopher Ballance, Daniel Clifton, Eric Schussler, Angie Beisner, Jimmy Onate May 2016

Inter-Rater Agreement Of The Visually Rated Single-Leg Squat Assessment, Christopher Ballance, Daniel Clifton, Eric Schussler, Angie Beisner, Jimmy Onate

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Acute Aerobic Exercise On Hemostasis In Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients, Ryan A. Martin May 2016

The Effect Of Acute Aerobic Exercise On Hemostasis In Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients, Ryan A. Martin

Masters Theses

Purpose: To determine the hemostatic response after acute aerobic exercise in Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). Methods: Eighteen males were recruited from the university and local community. Individuals who presented evidence of cardiovascular, pulmonary, or metabolic disease were excluded. Apnea-Hypopnea Index (AHI) > 5 was criteria for OSA. Subjects performed a treadmill exercise test at 35% and 70% predicted VO2reserve during the morning hours. Pre exercise blood samples were obtained after 15 minutes supine rest and within two minutes following exercise. Repeated Measures ANOVA were performed for Factor VIII antigen, tPA antigen, tPA activity, and PAI-1 activity across two time ...


The Prevalence And Risk Factors Of Vitamin D Deficiency In Athletes In Kuwait, Meshari J. Alkoot May 2016

The Prevalence And Risk Factors Of Vitamin D Deficiency In Athletes In Kuwait, Meshari J. Alkoot

MD theses

Vitamin D, obtained mostly from sunlight, is essential to maintain a healthy musculoskeletal system. A high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency has been found worldwide among the general population including sunny countries, and has been associated with several risk factors. Vitamin D plays an important role in athletes’ health and performance, but similar to the general population, there is a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among athletes worldwide. Despite the sunny weather in Kuwait, several studies showed a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in women and children. To our knowledge, no vitamin D study has been conducted on ...


An Epidemiological Look At Injuries Among High School Athletes Participating In A Variety Of Sports For Both Sexes, Emily H. Wills May 2016

An Epidemiological Look At Injuries Among High School Athletes Participating In A Variety Of Sports For Both Sexes, Emily H. Wills

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Physical activity is part of a healthy lifestyle, but participating in athletic activities like team sports can lead to injury. This study was designed to find the differences in types of high school sports injuries and how frequently these injuries occur among different sports and between males and females. A survey was given to members of the football, boys’ basketball, girls’ basketball, baseball, softball, and volleyball teams of a central Appalachian high school. The highest rate of injury was found in girls’ basketball at 86.7%, followed by football at 85.2%, boys’ basketball at 70.6%, softball and volleyball ...


Improving Access To Care For Arkansas Youth Athletes With Sport-Related Concussion: Establishing “Teleconcussion” In Arkansas, Kristin Maxey May 2016

Improving Access To Care For Arkansas Youth Athletes With Sport-Related Concussion: Establishing “Teleconcussion” In Arkansas, Kristin Maxey

Health, Human Performance and Recreation Undergraduate Honors Theses

Background: Proper management of sport-related concussion (SRC) is critical for improved recovery outcomes in youth athletes. Several barriers exist to improving the standard of care for youth athletes with SRC. Many rural areas lack medical professionals with specialized training in SRC. Innovative methods for providing specialized healthcare to youth athletes with SRC are needed. Telehealth may be an effective means of providing specialized care for youth athletes with SRC located in underserved areas that have a shortage of healthcare providers specializing in SRC.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare patient, caregiver, and provider ratings of the therapeutic ...


Cooling Effectiveness Of Modified Cold-Water Immersion Method Following Exercise-Induced Hyperthermia, Katherine Elizabeth Luhring May 2016

Cooling Effectiveness Of Modified Cold-Water Immersion Method Following Exercise-Induced Hyperthermia, Katherine Elizabeth Luhring

Theses and Dissertations

Context: Recommended treatment of exertional heat stroke (EHS) includes whole body cold-water immersion (CWI); however, remote locations, spatial or monetary restrictions challenge CWI feasibility. Thus, the development of a modified, portable CWI method would allow for optimal treatment of EHS when restrictions apply. Objective: Determine cooling efficacy of modified CWI (tarp assisted cooling with oscillation; TACO) following exertional hyperthermia. Design: Randomized, crossover controlled trial. Setting: Environmental chamber (33.4 ± 0.8°C, 55.7 ± 1.9% relative humidity). Patients or Other Participants: Sixteen (9 males, 7 females) volunteers (26 ± 4.7y, 1.76 ± 0.09m, 72.5 ± 9.0kg, 20 ...


A Prediction Model For Acute Core And Lower Extremity Injuries In Division 1 Collegiate Football Players, Alexandra Aline Mcdonald May 2016

A Prediction Model For Acute Core And Lower Extremity Injuries In Division 1 Collegiate Football Players, Alexandra Aline Mcdonald

Theses and Dissertations

Context: Various intrinsic factors such as high exposure, poor endurance of core muscles, previous injury, strength deficits, suboptimal neurocognitive function, and orthopedic abnormalities have been found as predictors for sprains and strains among collegiate football players. Objective: Assess the applicability of pre-participation assessments as predictors of core or lower extremity injury. Design: Cohort Study. Setting: National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I football program. Patients or Other Participants: Athletes who underwent mandatory pre-participation examinations before preseason football training over two consecutive seasons (n=225). Main Outcome Measure(s): Associations between preseason protocols and injury incidence for core and lower extremity injuries ...


The Impact Of Title Ix On Athletics Development In The United States, Jennifer Y. Mak Apr 2016

The Impact Of Title Ix On Athletics Development In The United States, Jennifer Y. Mak

Jennifer Y Mak

Nothing has had as much of an impact in the history of public education as Title IX of the Education Amendment of 1972. The increase in the popularity of collegiate sports, especially the revenue sports (football, basketball), has made Title IX and Athletics a hot topic. However, many members of the Title IX generations do not have a clear picture or fully understand the true meaning behind Title IX. This paper tries to close this gap by explaining the relationship between Title IX and Athletics in a timeline format: the birth of Title IX in 1972; Title IX and Athletics ...


The Impact Of Title Ix On Athletics Development In The United States, Jennifer Y. Mak Apr 2016

The Impact Of Title Ix On Athletics Development In The United States, Jennifer Y. Mak

Jennifer Y Mak

Nothing has had as much of an impact in the history of public education as Title IX of the Education Amendment of 1972. The increase in the popularity of collegiate sports, especially the revenue sports (football, basketball), has made Title IX and Athletics a hot topic. However, many members of the Title IX generations do not have a clear picture or fully understand the true meaning behind Title IX. This paper tries to close this gap by explaining the relationship between Title IX and Athletics in a timeline format: the birth of Title IX in 1972; Title IX and Athletics ...


Platelet Rich Plasma In Musculoskeletal Pathologies, Nicole L. Kaniki Apr 2016

Platelet Rich Plasma In Musculoskeletal Pathologies, Nicole L. Kaniki

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of platelet rich plasma (PRP) in musculoskeletal injuries.

Methods: We completed a review of the literature on the use of PRP in tendon, muscle, bone, and intra-articular injuries (Chapter 2). We completed a systematic review and meta-analysis on the effectiveness of PRP in ultrasound guided versus palpation guided injections of PRP in non-operative treatment of tendon and muscle injuries using an indirect analysis method (Chapter 3). We conducted a randomized controlled trial to determine the effectiveness of PRP versus corticosteroid (CS) injections in patients with plantar fasciitis (Chapter 4).

Results: Most studies evaluating the effectiveness ...


Chiropractic Physicians' Knowledge Of Pediatric Concussions, Rachel A. Lamb, Michael S. Weller Apr 2016

Chiropractic Physicians' Knowledge Of Pediatric Concussions, Rachel A. Lamb, Michael S. Weller

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Recent legislation in the state of Ohio now allows chiropractic physicians who possess certain credentials to both diagnose and clear young patients who have sustained concussions. Unfortunately, little if any existing research examines the knowledge and abilities of chiropractic physicians regarding the management of this condition. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to provide a general overview of chiropractic physicians’ knowledge regarding the diagnosis and management of pediatric concussions. A survey was emailed to 1,344 chiropractors in the state of Ohio. Of those who were contacted, 71 completed the survey. The survey included questions regarding demographics, patient scenarios ...