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Full-Text Articles in Sports Medicine

Interpreting Patient Reported Outcomes In Orthopaedic Surgery: A Systematic Review, Shgufta Docter, Zina Fathalla, Michael Lukacs, Michaela Khan, Morgan Jennings, Shu-Hsuan Liu, Dong Zi, Dianne Bryant Jun 2019

Interpreting Patient Reported Outcomes In Orthopaedic Surgery: A Systematic Review, Shgufta Docter, Zina Fathalla, Michael Lukacs, Michaela Khan, Morgan Jennings, Shu-Hsuan Liu, Dong Zi, Dianne Bryant

Western Research Forum

Background: Reporting methods of patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) vary in orthopaedic surgery literature. While most studies report statistical significance, the interpretation of results would be improved if authors reported confidence intervals (CIs), the minimally clinically important difference (MCID), and number needed to treat (NNT).

Objective: To assess the quality and interpretability of reporting the results of PROMs. To evaluate reporting, we will assess the proportion of studies that reported (1) 95% CIs, (2) MCID, and (3) NNT. To evaluate interpretation, we will assess the proportion of studies that discussed results using the MCID or the effect sizes and how ...


Effects Of Psychiatric Comorbidities On The Perioperative Outcomes Following A Primary Total Arthroplasty, Taylor Smith Apr 2018

Effects Of Psychiatric Comorbidities On The Perioperative Outcomes Following A Primary Total Arthroplasty, Taylor Smith

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

This review was conducted to compare the perioperative outcomes following a total primary arthroplasty among patients with a psychiatric comorbidity versus those without a psychiatric comorbidity. Literature was reviewed from the database Pubmed. Seven cohort and case-control studies were reviewed, with the largest sample size of 8.4 million patients. Psychiatric comorbidities resulted in increased negative perioperative outcomes compared to patients without psychiatric comorbidities in six articles. These studies observed higher rates of revision, blood transfusion, mortality, non-traditional discharge, and increased length and cost of stay for patients with a diagnosed psychiatric condition. Therefore, it was concluded from most studies ...


How Well Do Shoulder Braces Provide Stability At The Glenohumeral Joint In Collegiate Aged Athletes A Systematic Review, Kimberly Pechanec May 2017

How Well Do Shoulder Braces Provide Stability At The Glenohumeral Joint In Collegiate Aged Athletes A Systematic Review, Kimberly Pechanec

John Heinrichs Scholarly and Creative Activities Day (SACAD)

Injuries at the glenohumeral joint are common in sports, especially collegiate sports. More athletes are now wearing a shoulder stabilization brace to help restrict motion. Current evidence demonstrates shoulder braces do no maintain their initial amount of motion restriction after physical activity. While there is increased motion with the shoulder brace after activity, the brace still provides stability. More research needs to be conducted to further confirm or deny this information.


Patellofemoral Tracking Resulting From Decreased Activation Of The Vastus Medialis Muscle, Sarah Elizabeth Siegel Apr 2017

Patellofemoral Tracking Resulting From Decreased Activation Of The Vastus Medialis Muscle, Sarah Elizabeth Siegel

Honors Projects and Posters

Patellofemoral pain is one of the most frequent knee conditions seen by sports medicine providers. Dysfunctional tracking of the patella is thought to be a cause. The purpose of this project was to determine if reduced maximal strength of the vastus medialis would cause muscle forces in a model to increase laterally directed patellar forces or torsion.

2 participants completed 5 maximum effort jumps and landings. Models were made in Matlab to calculate torques required to produce the given motion. The model was altered to reduce the force producing capability of the vastus medialis. The patellar tendon force was calculated ...


Chiropractic Physicians' Knowledge Of Pediatric Concussions, Rachel A. Lamb, Michael S. Weller Apr 2016

Chiropractic Physicians' Knowledge Of Pediatric Concussions, Rachel A. Lamb, Michael S. Weller

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Recent legislation in the state of Ohio now allows chiropractic physicians who possess certain credentials to both diagnose and clear young patients who have sustained concussions. Unfortunately, little if any existing research examines the knowledge and abilities of chiropractic physicians regarding the management of this condition. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to provide a general overview of chiropractic physicians’ knowledge regarding the diagnosis and management of pediatric concussions. A survey was emailed to 1,344 chiropractors in the state of Ohio. Of those who were contacted, 71 completed the survey. The survey included questions regarding demographics, patient scenarios ...


Factors Contributing To Professional Self-Efficacy Levels In Recently Graduated Certified Athletic Trainers, Matthew Kuo, Hannah L. Stedge, Michael S. Weller Apr 2016

Factors Contributing To Professional Self-Efficacy Levels In Recently Graduated Certified Athletic Trainers, Matthew Kuo, Hannah L. Stedge, Michael S. Weller

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Self-efficacy is an important factor for job success, but it has been cited as a missing factor in new athletic training graduates. Therefore, the objective of this study was to find what factors affect the development of self-efficacy in the recently graduated certified athletic trainer. A qualitative survey method was utilized that involved questions aimed to extract as much personal opinion and experiences as possible. Online surveys were sent out electronically to 1,000 prospective participants. A total of 64 survey responses were received but only 52 surveys were qualified for inclusion into the study. Data was collected via the ...