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Full-Text Articles in Sports Medicine

The Feasibility Of Gathering Patient-Reported Outcome Measures On Individuals With Acute Ankle Sprains In A Busy Clinic Environment, Ryan Reeson Jun 2019

The Feasibility Of Gathering Patient-Reported Outcome Measures On Individuals With Acute Ankle Sprains In A Busy Clinic Environment, Ryan Reeson

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Ankle sprains are the most common sports injury and can lead to long-term deficits. Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) may assist clinicians in evaluating the recovery trajectory of patients with ankle sprains. However, before a large-scale study can be performed, it is necessary to determine whether it is feasible to collect PROMs in a busy clinic environment. This study had a narrow recruitment window but the consent rate was 100%. Ten patients at Fowler Kennedy Sport Medicine Clinic were followed for up to six visits. Three PROMs that characterized lower extremity function were measured. The measurement completion rate decreased from 100 ...


Reliability And Validity Of The Star Excursion Balance Test For Patients With Chronic Patellar Instability, Andrew D. Firth Aug 2016

Reliability And Validity Of The Star Excursion Balance Test For Patients With Chronic Patellar Instability, Andrew D. Firth

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) is an eight-direction, maximal-reach balance test whose measurement properties are unknown in participants with chronic patellar instability. We designed an observational study with repeated measures to evaluate the test-retest reliability, cross-sectional and longitudinal construct validity, sensitivity to change and responsiveness of the SEBT in this population. Fifteen patients completed the SEBT and reported outcomes at baseline and two weeks and four patients completed testing three months later at the Fowler Kennedy Sports Medicine Clinic.

Intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC) for the SEBT were fair to good, ranging from 0.66-0.84. The SEBT demonstrates good ...


Platelet Rich Plasma In Musculoskeletal Pathologies, Nicole L. Kaniki Apr 2016

Platelet Rich Plasma In Musculoskeletal Pathologies, Nicole L. Kaniki

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of platelet rich plasma (PRP) in musculoskeletal injuries.

Methods: We completed a review of the literature on the use of PRP in tendon, muscle, bone, and intra-articular injuries (Chapter 2). We completed a systematic review and meta-analysis on the effectiveness of PRP in ultrasound guided versus palpation guided injections of PRP in non-operative treatment of tendon and muscle injuries using an indirect analysis method (Chapter 3). We conducted a randomized controlled trial to determine the effectiveness of PRP versus corticosteroid (CS) injections in patients with plantar fasciitis (Chapter 4).

Results: Most studies evaluating the effectiveness ...


Optimizing The Rehabilitation Of Elbow Lateral Collateral Ligament Injuries, Ranita Harpreet Kaur Manocha Mar 2016

Optimizing The Rehabilitation Of Elbow Lateral Collateral Ligament Injuries, Ranita Harpreet Kaur Manocha

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Elbow lateral collateral ligament (LCL) injuries frequently arise following trauma, and can result in disabling instability. Typically such injuries are managed with immobilization followed by a graduated exercise regime; however there is minimal biomechanical evidence to support current treatment protocols. This investigation examines the in vitro effectiveness of several rehabilitation techniques using a custom elbow motion simulator. It was found that active range of motion is safest in the overhead position (n = 7). Early motion in this position may reduce the incidence of elbow stiffness without compromising ligament healing following LCL injury. Forearm pronation and active motion stabilize the LCL-deficient ...


A Randomized Clinical Trial To Compare The Effect Of Non Operative Treatment With And Without Autologous Conditioned Plasma (Acp) On Healing And Function In Patients With Achilles Tendon Ruptures, Tyler M. Pratt Sep 2015

A Randomized Clinical Trial To Compare The Effect Of Non Operative Treatment With And Without Autologous Conditioned Plasma (Acp) On Healing And Function In Patients With Achilles Tendon Ruptures, Tyler M. Pratt

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is evidence to support conducting a larger randomized control trial (RCT) to compare the non-operative treatment of Achilles tendon (AT) ruptures with or without Autologous Conditioned Plasma (ACP®). Twenty-four patients were randomized to receive an ACP® or saline injection within seven days and again at two weeks post-rupture. Tendon healing was longitudinally evaluated using ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Functional and patient-reported quality of life measures were also assessed. A small sample size limited our ability to detect statistically significant differences. The mean rankings of healing were slightly ...


A Clinically Relevant Relevant Post-Traumatic Osteoarthritis Mouse Model, Chantel P. Arce Aug 2015

A Clinically Relevant Relevant Post-Traumatic Osteoarthritis Mouse Model, Chantel P. Arce

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Osteoarthritis affects 13-20% of Canadians with the majority being under 65years of age. Post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) is of great concern in young athletes following knee injury. Current research attempts at modeling the disease fall short. This study aimed to incorporate two important aspects of injury, the nature of the injury and the post-injury standard of care in humans, to a model of PTOA in mice. The study validated a non-invasive protocol to elicit an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury at varying loading speeds addressing the closed capsule nature of an ACL injury that occurs in humans. Secondly, we proposed a ...