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2018

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Articles 61 - 80 of 80

Full-Text Articles in Sports Medicine

The Demands Of A Women's College Soccer Season, Jeremy A. Gentles, Christine L. Coniglio, Matthew M. Besemer, Joshua M. Morgan, Michael T. Mahnken Jan 2018

The Demands Of A Women's College Soccer Season, Jeremy A. Gentles, Christine L. Coniglio, Matthew M. Besemer, Joshua M. Morgan, Michael T. Mahnken

ETSU Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Pre-Participation Physical Exams: Are We Doing Enough?, Steven Jacob Pietrusza Jan 2018

Pre-Participation Physical Exams: Are We Doing Enough?, Steven Jacob Pietrusza

Physician Assistant Scholarly Project Posters

•Inclusion of screening electrocardiograms (EKGs) during pre-participation physical examination has been a topic of debate for some time. There is unquestioned usefulness in the ability of a well-trained health care provider in using EKG to identify cardiac abnormalities.

•Further, there have been several contemporary EKG criteria published that increase specificity and sensitivity of detection of disease. However, these criteria do not account for athletes less than 14 years of age, and that demographic represents a large portion of patients seeking pre-participation screenings in the United States.

•The lack of research into pediatric cardiac remodeling secondary to activity, coupled with the ...


Pre-Participation Physical Examination: Are Current Cardiovascular Recommendations Enough?, Steven Jacob Pietrusza Jan 2018

Pre-Participation Physical Examination: Are Current Cardiovascular Recommendations Enough?, Steven Jacob Pietrusza

Physician Assistant Scholarly Project Papers

Inclusion of screening electrocardiograms (EKGs) during pre-participation physical examination has been a topic of debate for some time. There is unquestioned usefulness in the ability of a well-trained health care provider in using EKG to identify cardiac abnormalities. Further, there have been several contemporary EKG criteria published that increase specificity and sensitivity of detection of disease. However, these criteria do not account for athletes less than 14 years of age, and that demographic represents a large portion of patients seeking pre-participation screenings in the United States. The lack of research into pediatric cardiac remodeling secondary to activity, coupled with the ...


Are Platelet Rich Plasma Injections A Better Choice Compared To Glucocorticoid Injections For The Treatment Of Rotator Cuff Tendinopathy In Adult Patients?, Sawyer Lange Jan 2018

Are Platelet Rich Plasma Injections A Better Choice Compared To Glucocorticoid Injections For The Treatment Of Rotator Cuff Tendinopathy In Adult Patients?, Sawyer Lange

Theses and Graduate Projects

An estimated 16 to 34 percent of the general population will experience shoulder pain at some point in their life. Rotator cuff tendinopathy makes up a large portion of that percentage. Platelet rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous blood product that has supraphsyiologic levels of growth factors and cytokines that have the potential to expedite the tendon healing process. This literature review will look at the current science surrounding PRP and look at studies comparing its efficacy to the commonly used corticosteroid injection.


A Longitudinal Examination Of Eating Disorders And Associated Risk Factors In Division I Student-Athletes, Nicole Court-Menendez Jan 2018

A Longitudinal Examination Of Eating Disorders And Associated Risk Factors In Division I Student-Athletes, Nicole Court-Menendez

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

CONTEXT: Eating disorders represent a significant concern across multiple populations including collegiate athletes. Risk factors for eating disorders may be amplified in athletes because of internal and external performance and image expectations. Little is known about how these risk factors change over time in collegiate student-athletes.
OBJECTIVE: To longitudinally examine select eating disorder risk factors in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I student-athletes.
DESIGN: Descriptive longitudinal study.
SETTING: NCAA Division I collegiate athletics.
PARTICIPANTS: Retired Division I collegiate athletes (n=204), ages 18-22, who competed in football, women’s soccer, women’s volleyball, baseball, men’s and women’s ...


Body Composition Vs Athletic Performance In Volleyball, Elizabeth Decaro Jan 2018

Body Composition Vs Athletic Performance In Volleyball, Elizabeth Decaro

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Objectives: The goal of this study was to determine if body composition affected athletic performance in the sport of volleyball at the University of Akron.

Methods: The study was conducted in the School of Sports Science & Wellness Education on the 3rd floor of Infocision Stadium at the University of Akron using the computer containing the Bod Pod data for the women’s volleyball team.

Results: 20 subjects of the women’s varsity volleyball team were studied. The averages of each test were varied between the different skills tests in counter-movement vertical jump, approach vertical jump, block, broad jump, chin-ups ...


Recreational Soccer As Sport Medicine For Middle-Aged And Older Adults: A Systematic Review, Hao Luo, Robert U. Newton, Fadi Ma'ayah, Daniel A. Galvao, Dennis R. Taaffe Jan 2018

Recreational Soccer As Sport Medicine For Middle-Aged And Older Adults: A Systematic Review, Hao Luo, Robert U. Newton, Fadi Ma'ayah, Daniel A. Galvao, Dennis R. Taaffe

ECU Publications Post 2013

Background Strategies to prevent or attenuate the age-related decline in physical and physiological function and reduce chronic disease risk factors are of clinical importance.

Objective To examine the health benefits of recreational soccer in middle-aged and older adults.

Design Systematic review in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines.

Data sources All available records up until 9 June 2017 in PubMed, Web of Science, SPORTDiscus, MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL Plus, PsycINFO and Cochrane Library databases.

Eligibility criteria for selecting studies All randomised trials with or without a control group (randomised controlled trials or randomised uncontrolled trials ...


Relationship Between Baseline Physical Activity Assessed By Pedometer Count And New-Onset Diabetes In The Navigator Trial, William E. Kraus, Thomas Yates, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Jie-Lena Sun, Laine Thomas, John Mcmurray, M. A. Bethel, Rury R. Holman Jan 2018

Relationship Between Baseline Physical Activity Assessed By Pedometer Count And New-Onset Diabetes In The Navigator Trial, William E. Kraus, Thomas Yates, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Jie-Lena Sun, Laine Thomas, John Mcmurray, M. A. Bethel, Rury R. Holman

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Objective
Physical activity is related to clinical outcomes, even after adjusting for body mass, but is rarely assessed in randomized clinical trials.
Research design and methods
We conducted an observational analysis of data from the Nateglinide and Valsartan in Impaired Glucose Tolerance Outcomes Research trial, in which a total of 9306 people from 40 countries with impaired glucose tolerance and either cardiovascular disease or cardiovascular risk factors were randomized to receive nateglinide or placebo, in a 2-by-2 factorial design with valsartan or placebo. All were asked to also participate in a detailed lifestyle modification programme and followed-up for a median ...


Measurement Of Upper Limb Range Of Motion Using Wearable Sensors: A Systematic Review, Corrin P. Walmsley, Sian A. Williams, Tiffany Grisbrook, Catherine Elliott, Christine Imms, Amity Campbell Jan 2018

Measurement Of Upper Limb Range Of Motion Using Wearable Sensors: A Systematic Review, Corrin P. Walmsley, Sian A. Williams, Tiffany Grisbrook, Catherine Elliott, Christine Imms, Amity Campbell

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Wearable sensors are portable measurement tools that are becoming increasingly popular for the measurement of joint angle in the upper limb. With many brands emerging on the market, each with variations in hardware and protocols, evidence to inform selection and application is needed. Therefore, the objectives of this review were related to the use of wearable sensors to calculate upper limb joint angle. We aimed to describe (i) the characteristics of commercial and custom wearable sensors, (ii) the populations for whom researchers have adopted wearable sensors, and (iii) their established psychometric properties. Methods: A systematic review of literature was ...


Examining Upper Extremity Injuries In Male Baseball Players Between The Ages Of 14 To 22 Years Old, James T. Yancy Jan 2018

Examining Upper Extremity Injuries In Male Baseball Players Between The Ages Of 14 To 22 Years Old, James T. Yancy

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

Yancy, James T. (J.T.), MAT., May 2018 AthleticTraining

Examining Upper Extremity Injuries In Male Baseball Players Between The Ages Of 14 To 22 Years Old

Chairperson: Melanie McGrath

The number of upper extremity injuries is increasing in advanced baseball (14 to 22 years old) at an alarming rate. The length of seasons, multiple leagues and the velocity of throwing in overhead sports are the most common causes of elbow and shoulder injuries. In addition, biomechanical variables also influence the risk of injury. Any alteration in range of motion (ROM) directly impacts the biomechanics of overhead activities, such as pitching ...


Active And Inactive Leg Hemodynamics During Sequential Single-Leg Interval Cycling, Nicole Gordon, Chris R. Abbiss, Mohammed Ihsan, Andrew J. Maiorana, Jeremiah J. Peiffer Jan 2018

Active And Inactive Leg Hemodynamics During Sequential Single-Leg Interval Cycling, Nicole Gordon, Chris R. Abbiss, Mohammed Ihsan, Andrew J. Maiorana, Jeremiah J. Peiffer

ECU Publications Post 2013

Introduction Leg order during sequential single-leg cycling (i.e., exercising both legs independently within a single session) may affect local muscular responses potentially influencing adaptations. This study examined the cardiovascular and skeletal muscle hemodynamic responses during double-leg and sequential single-leg cycling. Methods Ten young healthy adults (28 ± 6 yr) completed six 1-min double-leg intervals interspersed with 1 min of passive recovery and, on a separate occasion, 12 (six with one leg followed by six with the other leg) 1-min single-leg intervals interspersed with 1 min of passive recovery. Oxygen consumption, heart rate, blood pressure, muscle oxygenation, muscle blood volume, and ...


Intrarater Reliability And Agreement Of The Physioflow Bioimpedance Cardiography Device During Rest, Moderate And High-Intensity Exercise, Nicole Gordon, Chris R. Abbiss, Andrew J. Maiorana, Kieran J. Marston, Jeremiah J. Peiffer Jan 2018

Intrarater Reliability And Agreement Of The Physioflow Bioimpedance Cardiography Device During Rest, Moderate And High-Intensity Exercise, Nicole Gordon, Chris R. Abbiss, Andrew J. Maiorana, Kieran J. Marston, Jeremiah J. Peiffer

ECU Publications Post 2013

The PhysioFlow bioimpedance cardiography device provides key measures of central systolic and diastolic and peripheral vascular function. Many of these variables have not been assessed for intrarater reliability and agreement during rest, submaximal exercise and high-intensity interval exercise. Twenty healthy adults (age: 26±4 years) completed two identical trials beginning with five minutes of rest followed by two 5-minute submaximal cycling bouts at 50% and 70% of peak power output. Subjects then completed ten 30-second cycling intervals at 90% of peak power output interspersed with 60 s of passive recovery. Bioimpedance cardiography (PhysioFlow; Manatec Biomedical, France) monitored heart rate, stroke ...


Enhanced Skeletal Muscle Ribosome Biogenesis, Yet Attenuated Mtorc1 And Ribosome Biogenesis-Related Signalling, Following Short-Term Concurrent Versus Single-Mode Resistance Training, Jackson J. Fyfe, David J. Bishop, Jonathan D. Bartlett, Erik D. Hanson, Mitchell J. Anderson, Andrew P. Garnham, Nigel K. Stepto Jan 2018

Enhanced Skeletal Muscle Ribosome Biogenesis, Yet Attenuated Mtorc1 And Ribosome Biogenesis-Related Signalling, Following Short-Term Concurrent Versus Single-Mode Resistance Training, Jackson J. Fyfe, David J. Bishop, Jonathan D. Bartlett, Erik D. Hanson, Mitchell J. Anderson, Andrew P. Garnham, Nigel K. Stepto

ECU Publications Post 2013

Combining endurance training with resistance training (RT) may attenuate skeletal muscle hypertrophic adaptation versus RT alone; however, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. We investigated changes in markers of ribosome biogenesis, a process linked with skeletal muscle hypertrophy, following concurrent training versus RT alone. Twenty-three males underwent eight weeks of RT, either performed alone (RT group, n = 8), or combined with either high-intensity interval training (HIT+RT group, n = 8), or moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT+RT group, n = 7). Muscle samples (vastus lateralis) were obtained before training, and immediately before, 1 h and 3 h after the final training session. Training-induced ...


Effect Of Water Immersion Temperature On Heart Rate Variability Following Exercise In The Heat, Hui C. Choo, Kazunori Nosaka, Jeremiah J. Peiffer, Mohammed Ihsan, Chow C. Yeo, Chris R. Abbiss Jan 2018

Effect Of Water Immersion Temperature On Heart Rate Variability Following Exercise In The Heat, Hui C. Choo, Kazunori Nosaka, Jeremiah J. Peiffer, Mohammed Ihsan, Chow C. Yeo, Chris R. Abbiss

ECU Publications Post 2013

This study compared the effect of passive rest (CON) and water immersion at 8.6±0.2°C (CWI9), 14.6±0.3°C (CWI15) and 35.0±0.4°C (thermoneutral water immersion [TWI]) on post-exercise heart rate variability (HRV) indices. In a climate chamber (32.8±0.4°C, 32±5% relative humidity), nine men completed 25 min of cycling at the first ventilatory threshold and repeated 30-second bouts at 90% of peak power followed by a 5-minute recovery treatment in a randomised crossover manner. All water immersion re-established the HRV indices (natural logarithm of the square root ...


Complex Training And Countermovement Jump Performance Across Multiple Sets: Effect Of Back Squat Intensity, Nick Poulos, Anic Chaouachi, Martin Buchheit, Denis Slimani, Greg Haff, Robert Newton Jan 2018

Complex Training And Countermovement Jump Performance Across Multiple Sets: Effect Of Back Squat Intensity, Nick Poulos, Anic Chaouachi, Martin Buchheit, Denis Slimani, Greg Haff, Robert Newton

ECU Publications Post 2013

The purpose of this investigation was to determine the acute effects of back squats on countermovement jump performance across multiple sets using a strength-power potentiation complex training protocol. Fifteen elite volleyball players performed three unloaded countermovement jumps (CMJ) following three repetitions of the back squat performed at either 65% or 87% of 1-RM, respectively, repeated for 10 sets. A control session of three CMJs was also repeated for 10 sets. Mean jump height performance was enhanced compared to performing CMJs only irrespective of which intensity was used (65% 1-RM: +3.3 ± 2.2% [CI: 1.0 to 5.6]; 87 ...


Bone Fracture Incidence, Measurement And Adaptation: An Exploration Through The Continuum From Incidence To Measurement And Adaptation, Mark Jenkins Jan 2018

Bone Fracture Incidence, Measurement And Adaptation: An Exploration Through The Continuum From Incidence To Measurement And Adaptation, Mark Jenkins

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

This research encompasses four studies exploring bone adaptation, fracture incidence, and preventative measures to decrease fracture risk and increase bone health. Study one was a clinical audit exploring incidence rates for appendicular fractures in children in Western Australia over ten years. Diagnostic and remedial approaches were explored in studies two, three and four by examining the between-day reliability of upper limb scans; reliability of the osteogenic index (OI) for upper-body strength and power exercises; and the diagnostic value or utility of using pQCT in disease profiling, respectively. Fracture rates in the limbs of children were found to be increasing each ...


Examining Injury Data Reporting Practices Among Wildland Firefighters, Erin M. Boggs Jan 2018

Examining Injury Data Reporting Practices Among Wildland Firefighters, Erin M. Boggs

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

Wildland Firefighter (WLFF) Crews lack an injury surveillance program to collect information on non-traumatic and traumatic injuries. Tactical athletes including: police, military and structural firefighters all have a variety of collection systems in place for injury data collection. The lack of injury data prevents WLFF crews from identifying high-risk environments, implementing injury prevention programs, and improving the overall quality of care on the job. Over the last several decades the recent rise in wildfire occurrences and wildfire suppression costs creates a need for healthy and strong individuals in the field. The cost of firefighter salaries and medical care can be ...


Cte And The Effects Of Multiple Concussions On College Athletes, Hunter Cote Jan 2018

Cte And The Effects Of Multiple Concussions On College Athletes, Hunter Cote

Honors Theses

The purpose of this research was to determine if signs and symptoms of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) could be detected in college athletes who have suffered multiple concussions. College athletes are likely to be at an increased risk of suffering a concussion, due to the high-impact trauma that is often seen in contact sports. This question was explored through the use of a survey, cognitive test, known as the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), and the Beck Depression Inventory. The questions on the survey included necessary background information (i.e. age and sex), as well as more personal information including ...


The Effect Of Foam Rolling On Pulse Wave Velocity, Melissa Molloy Jan 2018

The Effect Of Foam Rolling On Pulse Wave Velocity, Melissa Molloy

Honors Theses

Introduction: This thesis is part of a larger study on the effect of foam rolling on several variables. This thesis specifically discusses the effect of foam rolling on pulse wave velocity. Foam rolling is becoming an increasingly popular form of self-myofascial release, which may have an effect on autonomic function. Pulse wave velocity is a measure of arterial stiffness, which can indicate the possibility of a cardiovascular event to occur. Arterial stiffness is affected by autonomic function. Foam rolling may be able to affect arterial stiffness via the autonomic nervous system. The purpose of this study is to determine if ...


Effects Of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation In People With Spinal Cord Injury, Vanesa Bochkezanian, Robert U. Newton, Gabriel S. Trajano, Anthony J. Blazevich Jan 2018

Effects Of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation In People With Spinal Cord Injury, Vanesa Bochkezanian, Robert U. Newton, Gabriel S. Trajano, Anthony J. Blazevich

ECU Publications Post 2013

Introduction: Muscle force production is usually impaired in people with spinal cord injury (SCI). The use of high-intensity neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) strength training can help promote metabolically active lean muscle mass and, thus, increase muscle mass and improve physical health and quality of life (QoL). Nonetheless, NMES is usually used at low-stimulation intensities, and there is limited evidence on the effects of high-intensity NMES strength training into improving muscle force and mass, symptoms of spasticity, or physical health and QoL in people with SCI.

Methods: Five individuals with chronic SCI completed five 10-repetition sets of high-intensity knee extension NMES ...