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Articles 1 - 30 of 36

Full-Text Articles in Sports Medicine

Interpreting Patient Reported Outcomes In Orthopaedic Surgery: A Systematic Review, Shgufta Docter, Zina Fathalla, Michael Lukacs, Michaela Khan, Morgan Jennings, Shu-Hsuan Liu, Dong Zi, Dianne Bryant Jun 2019

Interpreting Patient Reported Outcomes In Orthopaedic Surgery: A Systematic Review, Shgufta Docter, Zina Fathalla, Michael Lukacs, Michaela Khan, Morgan Jennings, Shu-Hsuan Liu, Dong Zi, Dianne Bryant

Western Research Forum

Background: Reporting methods of patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) vary in orthopaedic surgery literature. While most studies report statistical significance, the interpretation of results would be improved if authors reported confidence intervals (CIs), the minimally clinically important difference (MCID), and number needed to treat (NNT).

Objective: To assess the quality and interpretability of reporting the results of PROMs. To evaluate reporting, we will assess the proportion of studies that reported (1) 95% CIs, (2) MCID, and (3) NNT. To evaluate interpretation, we will assess the proportion of studies that discussed results using the MCID or the effect sizes and how ...


The Feasibility Of Gathering Patient-Reported Outcome Measures On Individuals With Acute Ankle Sprains In A Busy Clinic Environment, Ryan Reeson Jun 2019

The Feasibility Of Gathering Patient-Reported Outcome Measures On Individuals With Acute Ankle Sprains In A Busy Clinic Environment, Ryan Reeson

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Ankle sprains are the most common sports injury and can lead to long-term deficits. Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) may assist clinicians in evaluating the recovery trajectory of patients with ankle sprains. However, before a large-scale study can be performed, it is necessary to determine whether it is feasible to collect PROMs in a busy clinic environment. This study had a narrow recruitment window but the consent rate was 100%. Ten patients at Fowler Kennedy Sport Medicine Clinic were followed for up to six visits. Three PROMs that characterized lower extremity function were measured. The measurement completion rate decreased from 100 ...


A Traumatic Three-Level Brachial Plexus Palsy With Upper Trunk Avulsion, Andre Anderson, Michael Swartzon, Gautam Yagnik, John Uribe Jun 2019

A Traumatic Three-Level Brachial Plexus Palsy With Upper Trunk Avulsion, Andre Anderson, Michael Swartzon, Gautam Yagnik, John Uribe

Gautam Yagnik

No abstract provided.


Vague Hip Pain In A 9-Year Old Soccer Player, Paolo N. Balmaseda Md, Chelsea Evans Do Apr 2019

Vague Hip Pain In A 9-Year Old Soccer Player, Paolo N. Balmaseda Md, Chelsea Evans Do

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Rotator Cuff Tear Progression In Professional Contact Athletes, Gautam Yagnik, William Davis, Michael Swartzon, John Uribe Apr 2019

Rotator Cuff Tear Progression In Professional Contact Athletes, Gautam Yagnik, William Davis, Michael Swartzon, John Uribe

Michael Swartzon

No abstract provided.


A Traumatic Three-Level Brachial Plexus Palsy With Upper Trunk Avulsion, Andre Anderson, Michael Swartzon, Gautam Yagnik, John Uribe Apr 2019

A Traumatic Three-Level Brachial Plexus Palsy With Upper Trunk Avulsion, Andre Anderson, Michael Swartzon, Gautam Yagnik, John Uribe

Michael Swartzon

No abstract provided.


Rotator Cuff Tear Progression In Professional Contact Athletes, Gautam Yagnik, William Davis, Michael Swartzon, John Uribe Apr 2019

Rotator Cuff Tear Progression In Professional Contact Athletes, Gautam Yagnik, William Davis, Michael Swartzon, John Uribe

John Uribe

No abstract provided.


A Traumatic Three-Level Brachial Plexus Palsy With Upper Trunk Avulsion, Andre Anderson, Michael Swartzon, Gautam Yagnik, John Uribe Apr 2019

A Traumatic Three-Level Brachial Plexus Palsy With Upper Trunk Avulsion, Andre Anderson, Michael Swartzon, Gautam Yagnik, John Uribe

John Uribe

No abstract provided.


Temporary Fracture Stabilization Device, Steven J. Lawrence Mar 2019

Temporary Fracture Stabilization Device, Steven J. Lawrence

Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine Faculty Patents

A temporary fracture stabilization device includes a first intramedullary fixation rod, a second intramedullary fixation rod, a first extramedullary connector, a second extramedullary connector and a fastener. A field kit for temporary fracture stabilization is also disclosed.


Physicians’ Knowledge And Beliefs Regarding Athletic Trainers, Joseph H. Vogler, Lindsey E. Eberman, Zachary K. Winkelmann, M. Seth Smith, James L. Turner, Kenneth E. Games Mar 2019

Physicians’ Knowledge And Beliefs Regarding Athletic Trainers, Joseph H. Vogler, Lindsey E. Eberman, Zachary K. Winkelmann, M. Seth Smith, James L. Turner, Kenneth E. Games

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

Purpose: The relationship between athletic trainers (ATs) and physicians is a legal obligation and collaboration to improve patient outcomes. The objective of this study was to examine the knowledge of physicians regarding the educational preparation, legal obligations, and scope of practice for ATs and how it relates to previous experiences with ATs. Additionally physicians’ perceptions of Interprofessional Collaboration (IPC) were studied. Methods: 169 physicians medical doctors (MD)=133/169, 78.7%, doctor of osteopathy (DO)=36/169, 21%) completed a 36-question web-based survey, which included a validated IPC scale. Results: Respondents with experience working with an AT scored significantly higher ...


Elbow Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction Using The Novel Docking Plus Technique In 324 Athletes, Benjamin F. Donohue, Marc G. Lubitz, Timothy E. Kremchek Jan 2019

Elbow Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction Using The Novel Docking Plus Technique In 324 Athletes, Benjamin F. Donohue, Marc G. Lubitz, Timothy E. Kremchek

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: This retrospective case series examined 324 athletes who received elbow ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) reconstruction by a single surgeon in a private practice over a 9-year period. The novel Docking Plus technique for elbow UCL reconstruction in 324 athletes provided good or excellent Conway score results in 88% of patients. The preponderance of previous studies examining UCL reconstruction outcomes were performed by surgeons at one of only three institutions (Andrews Institute, Hospital for Special Surgery, Kerlan Jobe Orthopedic Clinic).

METHODS: Patients undergoing UCL reconstruction from November 2005 to December 2014 were identified and contacted with a mailed survey and ...


Long-Term Clinical Results Of Intra-Articular Injections For Osteoarthritis Of The Knee, Michael Swartzon, Andre Anderson, Luis Rodriguez Jan 2019

Long-Term Clinical Results Of Intra-Articular Injections For Osteoarthritis Of The Knee, Michael Swartzon, Andre Anderson, Luis Rodriguez

All Publications

No abstract provided.


Rotator Cuff Tear Progression In Professional Contact Athletes, Gautam Yagnik, William Davis, Michael Swartzon, John Uribe Jan 2019

Rotator Cuff Tear Progression In Professional Contact Athletes, Gautam Yagnik, William Davis, Michael Swartzon, John Uribe

All Publications

No abstract provided.


A Traumatic Three-Level Brachial Plexus Palsy With Upper Trunk Avulsion, Andre Anderson, Michael Swartzon, Gautam Yagnik, John Uribe Jan 2019

A Traumatic Three-Level Brachial Plexus Palsy With Upper Trunk Avulsion, Andre Anderson, Michael Swartzon, Gautam Yagnik, John Uribe

All Publications

No abstract provided.


Femoroacetabular Impingement As A Complication Of Acetabular Fracture Fixation, David A. Zuelzer, Christopher B. Hayes, Raymond D. Wright, Stephen T. Duncan Dec 2018

Femoroacetabular Impingement As A Complication Of Acetabular Fracture Fixation, David A. Zuelzer, Christopher B. Hayes, Raymond D. Wright, Stephen T. Duncan

Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine Faculty Publications

Case

We present the case of a thirteen-year-old female who sustained a posterior wall acetabular fracture dislocation. She underwent urgent closed reduction and subsequent uncomplicated open reduction and internal fixation. Post reduction computed tomography demonstrated a concentrically reduced hip joint with no evidence of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). She subsequently healed her fracture and returned to running activities; however, one year later presented with aching pain in her thigh. Radiographs demonstrated the development of a large osseous prominence on her anterolateral femoral neck consistent with femoroacetabular impingement. Based on these findings she was evaluated by a hip preservation specialist. She subsequently ...


Injuries In The Chinese Arena Football League: American Versus Chinese Players., Tianwu Chen, Austin Wetzler, Scott Singer, Michael Feldman, David Rubenstein, Gunnar Gillespie, Shiyi Chen, Merrick Wetzler Jun 2018

Injuries In The Chinese Arena Football League: American Versus Chinese Players., Tianwu Chen, Austin Wetzler, Scott Singer, Michael Feldman, David Rubenstein, Gunnar Gillespie, Shiyi Chen, Merrick Wetzler

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

Background: Arena football is an indoor version of American football played in indoor arenas on a smaller field with 8 players per team. Only 1 study has evaluated injury rates in arena football, and no study had compared 2 distinct cohorts of players.

Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare injury rates in American versus Chinese athletes in the Chinese Arena Football League. Our hypothesis was that the rate of significant injuries (≥7 days of time lost from play) would be statistically significantly higher in Chinese athletes.

Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2 ...


Spinal Cord Trauma: An Overview Of Normal Structure And Function, Primary And Secondary Mechanisms Of Injury, And Emerging Treatment Modalities, Daniel Morin May 2018

Spinal Cord Trauma: An Overview Of Normal Structure And Function, Primary And Secondary Mechanisms Of Injury, And Emerging Treatment Modalities, Daniel Morin

Senior Honors Theses

The structures of the spinal cord and vertebral column are designed to provide flexibility, while still providing ample protection for the spinal cord deep within. While it does offer remarkable protection against most routine trauma, the spinal cord is still vulnerable to high-force etiologies of trauma and may become damaged as a result. These events are referred to as primary injury. Following the initial injury, the body’s own physiological responses cause a cascade of deleterious effects, known as secondary injury. Secondary injury is a major therapeutic target in mitigating the effects of spinal cord injury (SCI), and much research ...


Effects Of Psychiatric Comorbidities On The Perioperative Outcomes Following A Primary Total Arthroplasty, Taylor Smith Apr 2018

Effects Of Psychiatric Comorbidities On The Perioperative Outcomes Following A Primary Total Arthroplasty, Taylor Smith

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

This review was conducted to compare the perioperative outcomes following a total primary arthroplasty among patients with a psychiatric comorbidity versus those without a psychiatric comorbidity. Literature was reviewed from the database Pubmed. Seven cohort and case-control studies were reviewed, with the largest sample size of 8.4 million patients. Psychiatric comorbidities resulted in increased negative perioperative outcomes compared to patients without psychiatric comorbidities in six articles. These studies observed higher rates of revision, blood transfusion, mortality, non-traditional discharge, and increased length and cost of stay for patients with a diagnosed psychiatric condition. Therefore, it was concluded from most studies ...


Active And Inactive Leg Hemodynamics During Sequential Single-Leg Interval Cycling, Nicole Gordon, Chris R. Abbiss, Mohammed Ihsan, Andrew J. Maiorana, Jeremiah J. Peiffer Jan 2018

Active And Inactive Leg Hemodynamics During Sequential Single-Leg Interval Cycling, Nicole Gordon, Chris R. Abbiss, Mohammed Ihsan, Andrew J. Maiorana, Jeremiah J. Peiffer

ECU Publications Post 2013

Introduction Leg order during sequential single-leg cycling (i.e., exercising both legs independently within a single session) may affect local muscular responses potentially influencing adaptations. This study examined the cardiovascular and skeletal muscle hemodynamic responses during double-leg and sequential single-leg cycling. Methods Ten young healthy adults (28 ± 6 yr) completed six 1-min double-leg intervals interspersed with 1 min of passive recovery and, on a separate occasion, 12 (six with one leg followed by six with the other leg) 1-min single-leg intervals interspersed with 1 min of passive recovery. Oxygen consumption, heart rate, blood pressure, muscle oxygenation, muscle blood volume, and ...


Intra And Inter-Rater Reliability And Convergent Validity Of Fit-Hansa In Individuals With Grade П Whiplash Associated Disorder, Michael Pierrynowski, Colleen Mcphee, Saurabh Mehta, Joy C. Macdermid, Anita Gross Aug 2017

Intra And Inter-Rater Reliability And Convergent Validity Of Fit-Hansa In Individuals With Grade П Whiplash Associated Disorder, Michael Pierrynowski, Colleen Mcphee, Saurabh Mehta, Joy C. Macdermid, Anita Gross

Saurabh Mehta

BACKGROUND: Whiplash-Associated Disorders (WAD) are common following a motor vehicle accident. The Functional Impairment Test - Hand, and Neck/Shoulder/Arm (FIT-HaNSA) assesses upper extremity physical performance. It has been validated in patients with shoulder pathology but not in those with WAD.

OBJECTIVES: Establish the Intra and inter-rater reliability and the known-group and construct validity of the FIT-HaNSA in patients with Grade II WAD (WAD2).

METHODS: Twenty-five patients with WAD2 and 41 healthy controls were recruited. Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS), Neck Disability Index (NDI), Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH), cervical range of motion (CROM), and FIT-HaNSA were ...


Biomechanical Testing Of An Exercise For Strengthening The Proximal Femur., Alyssa Osbourne Aug 2017

Biomechanical Testing Of An Exercise For Strengthening The Proximal Femur., Alyssa Osbourne

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Based on the principles of cutting edge bone remodeling research, a unique therapeutic exercise device was designed specifically to improve bone quality at the most critical location of the proximal femur prone to fracture: the superior-lateral femoral neck where the fracture first initiates during a fall. The exercise/device is intended to work by inducing enough strain in the bone to stimulate the body’s natural bone remodeling mechanisms to increase bone density in the proximal femur and consequently prevent a fracture from arising if a fall to the side does occur.

In order to test the proposed exercise, experiments ...


Incidence, Positional Distribution, Severity, And Time Missed In Medial Collateral Ligament Injuries Of The Knee In Ncaa Division I Football Athletes., Ali R Motamedi, Anirudh K Gowd, Alireza K Nazemi, Stephen T Gardner, Caleb J Behrend Aug 2017

Incidence, Positional Distribution, Severity, And Time Missed In Medial Collateral Ligament Injuries Of The Knee In Ncaa Division I Football Athletes., Ali R Motamedi, Anirudh K Gowd, Alireza K Nazemi, Stephen T Gardner, Caleb J Behrend

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

Introduction: We studied injury to the medial collateral ligament (MCL) in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I football players, their incidence, magnitude of injury, distribution by position, and missed time, which has not previously been described in a consecutive series.

Methods: The knee injuries sustained in 163 consecutive NCAA Division I collegiate football players at our institution were evaluated over a span of 6 years.

Results: The incidence of MCL injuries with any knee injury was 29% (47 of 163). Of 47 MCL injuries, 34% occurred in defensive linemen and 29% in offensive linemen. The average days missed by ...


Epidemiology Of Injuries In Stand-Up Paddle Boarding, James Furness, Olayinka Olorunnife, Ben Schram, Michael Climstein, Wayne Hing Jun 2017

Epidemiology Of Injuries In Stand-Up Paddle Boarding, James Furness, Olayinka Olorunnife, Ben Schram, Michael Climstein, Wayne Hing

Ben Schram

Background: Stand-up paddle boarding (SUP) is a recreational activity and sport that has grown exponentially, with participation increasing from 1.1 million in 2010 to 2.8 million in 2014 in the United States alone. Despite this growth in participation, SUP remains underresearched with regard to injury epidemiology. Purpose: To investigate injury epidemiology (severity, location, type, mechanism) in SUP.Study Design:Descriptive epidemiology study. Methods: An open-source online survey was administered to active SUP participants internationally. The survey captured information relevant to demographics, participation, and injury history over the past 12 months. Results: Of 240 participants included in the data ...


Epidemiology Of Injuries In Stand-Up Paddle Boarding, James Furness, Olayinka Olorunnife, Ben Schram, Michael Climstein, Wayne Hing Jun 2017

Epidemiology Of Injuries In Stand-Up Paddle Boarding, James Furness, Olayinka Olorunnife, Ben Schram, Michael Climstein, Wayne Hing

Wayne Hing

Background:

Stand-up paddle boarding (SUP) is a recreational activity and sport that has grown exponentially, with participation increasing from 1.1 million in 2010 to 2.8 million in 2014 in the United States alone. Despite this growth in participation, SUP remains underresearched with regard to injury epidemiology.

Purpose:

To investigate injury epidemiology (severity, location, type, mechanism) in SUP.Study Design:Descriptive epidemiology study.

Methods:

An open-source online survey was administered to active SUP participants internationally. The survey captured information relevant to demographics, participation, and injury history over the past 12 months.

Results:

Of 240 participants included in the data ...


Early Versus Delayed Rehabilitation After Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair, Abigail Chang, Jessica Dennis May 2017

Early Versus Delayed Rehabilitation After Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair, Abigail Chang, Jessica Dennis

Physician Assistant Capstones

Objective: To determine how the timing of rehabilitation, early versus delayed, affects clinical results and tendon healing rates after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. Design: Systematic literature review. Methods: Searches were done in PubMed, utilizing the terms arthroscopic rotator cuff repair, rehabilitation, early, and delayed. In PubMed the following filters and terms were used: published in the last 10 years, humans, randomized controlled trial, free full-text articles, and English. Results: The Keener et al study was included because it evaluated clinical results and tendon healing rates after arthroscopic repair using two distinct rehabilitation protocols, early versus delayed ROM. The Cuff et ...


The Effect Of Three Different Ankle Braces On Vertical Jump Performance In Female College Volleyball Players, Ashley M. Jefferson Apr 2017

The Effect Of Three Different Ankle Braces On Vertical Jump Performance In Female College Volleyball Players, Ashley M. Jefferson

Undergraduate Theses

Background/Purpose: Ankle braces are often used to stabilize the ankle joint of an athlete to reduce the risk of initial injury while participating in athletic activity or to protect the joint from re-injury when returning to play. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of application of three different braces on vertical jump performance in collegiate female volleyball players. A secondary aim was to compare participant preference and satisfaction on selected characteristics of each of the three different braces.

Subjects: 31 female varsity/club college volleyball players >18 years of age.

Materials/Methods: Health History Assessment ...


High-Grade Partial And Retracted (Less Than 2 Cm) Proximal Hamstring Ruptures: Nonsurgical Treatment Revisited, Jonathan R. Piposar, Amrit V. Vinod, Joshua R. Olsen, Edward Lacerte, Suzanne L. Miller Feb 2017

High-Grade Partial And Retracted (Less Than 2 Cm) Proximal Hamstring Ruptures: Nonsurgical Treatment Revisited, Jonathan R. Piposar, Amrit V. Vinod, Joshua R. Olsen, Edward Lacerte, Suzanne L. Miller

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: High-grade partial proximal hamstring tears and complete tears with retraction less than 2 cm are a subset of proximal hamstring injuries where, historically, treatment has been nonoperative. It is unknown how nonoperative treatment compares with operative treatment.

HYPOTHESIS: The clinical and functional outcomes of nonoperative and operative treatment of partial/complete proximal hamstring tears were compared. We hypothesize that operative treatment of these tears leads to better clinical and functional results.

STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4.

METHODS: A retrospective review identified patients with a high-grade partial or complete proximal hamstring rupture with retraction less than 2 ...


Sports Medicine Potpourri, Marc I. Harwood, Md Jan 2017

Sports Medicine Potpourri, Marc I. Harwood, Md

Department of Family & Community Medicine Presentations and Grand Rounds

Objectives:

At the conclusion of this talk, the learner will be:

  • Thoroughly confused by the whirlwind of information presented
  • But...able to delve into any of the topics at greater length when time permits.

Presentation: 52:03

Audio for PowerPoint slides.


The Reliability Of The Navicular Drop Test And Its Transferability To Dynamic Movement, Joshua Krispin Jan 2017

The Reliability Of The Navicular Drop Test And Its Transferability To Dynamic Movement, Joshua Krispin

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Background: Navicular drop can be defined as the distance the navicular tuberosity moves from a standing weight bearing to a standing neutral position, as the subtalar joint moves from a relaxed position to a neutral position. Navicular drop is an important measurement for clinicians used to describe foot function, pronation, and excessive movement seen in several pathologies. Objective: The purpose of this study is to see if navicular drop is influenced by mode or speed of locomotion, if it is will there be other influences such as the forefoot and heel soft tissue, and will those factors influence those measures ...


A Comparison Of Cervical And Trunk Musculoskeletal Characteristics Between Female And Male Army Helicopter Pilots, Takashi Nagai, Karen A. Keenan, John P. Abt, Timothy C. Sell, Brian W. Smalley, Michael D. Wirt, Scott M. Lephart Aug 2016

A Comparison Of Cervical And Trunk Musculoskeletal Characteristics Between Female And Male Army Helicopter Pilots, Takashi Nagai, Karen A. Keenan, John P. Abt, Timothy C. Sell, Brian W. Smalley, Michael D. Wirt, Scott M. Lephart

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

Introduction: Neck pain (NP) and low back pain (LBP) are prevalent among military helicopter pilots. Although there have been few studies on sex differences in the NP/LBP prevalence in this population, females are shown to be at a greater risk of NP/LBP in civilian studies. This disparity may be due to musculoskeletal characteristics differences that predispose females for NP/LBP. The purpose of this study was to compare cervical and trunk musculoskeletal characteristics between male and female pilots. Methods: A total of 8 female pilots (Age: 27.6 ± 4.2yrs, HT: 166.1 ± 7.7cm, WT: 67.9 ...