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Articles 1 - 30 of 1480

Full-Text Articles in Orthopedics

Composite Quantitative Knee Structure Metrics Predict The Development Of Accelerated Knee Osteoarthritis: Data From The Osteoarthritis Initiative, Matthew S. Harkey, Julie E. Davis, Lori Lyn. Price, Robert J. Ward, James W. Mackay, Charles B. Eaton, Grace H. Lo, Mary F. Barbe, Ming Zhang, Jincheng Pang, Alina C. Stout, Bing Lu, Timothy E. Mcalindon, Jeffrey B. Driban May 2020

Composite Quantitative Knee Structure Metrics Predict The Development Of Accelerated Knee Osteoarthritis: Data From The Osteoarthritis Initiative, Matthew S. Harkey, Julie E. Davis, Lori Lyn. Price, Robert J. Ward, James W. Mackay, Charles B. Eaton, Grace H. Lo, Mary F. Barbe, Ming Zhang, Jincheng Pang, Alina C. Stout, Bing Lu, Timothy E. Mcalindon, Jeffrey B. Driban

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Supported Publications

BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine if composite structural measures of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) progression on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging can predict the radiographic onset of accelerated knee osteoarthritis.

METHODS: We used data from a nested case-control study among participants from the Osteoarthritis Initiative without radiographic KOA at baseline. Participants were separated into three groups based on radiographic disease progression over 4 years: 1) accelerated (Kellgren-Lawrence grades [KL] 0/1 to 3/4), 2) typical (increase in KL, excluding accelerated osteoarthritis), or 3) no KOA (no change in KL). We assessed tibiofemoral cartilage damage (four regions: medial/lateral tibia/femur), bone ...


Computer Based Learning Module: Neuraxial And Peripheral Nerve Blocks, Altan Halici May 2020

Computer Based Learning Module: Neuraxial And Peripheral Nerve Blocks, Altan Halici

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Neuraxial and peripheral nerve blocks (PNB) have been present for many years, but recently these pain management techniques are gaining popularity as an alternative to the use of opioids. Neuraxial and PNB reduce the opioid usage during and after the surgery and improve postoperative recovery in terms of pain relief, pain-related sleep disruption, and reduction of side effects, such as nausea and vomiting. Conversely, inadequate pain management after surgery may delay surgical recovery, decreased patient satisfaction, increased length of hospital stay, increased readmissions and healthcare costs (Patacsil, McAuliffe, Feyh, & Sigmon, 2016).

Perioperative nurses are instrumental during the post-operative period in ...


Frequency Of Complications Following Spinal Fusion In Children With Cerebral Palsy, Nili S. Amir May 2020

Frequency Of Complications Following Spinal Fusion In Children With Cerebral Palsy, Nili S. Amir

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Background:

Neuromuscular Scoliosis is a frequent complication of Cerebral Palsy that requires surgical management including spinal fusion. The objective of this observational study was to describe differences in the frequency of postoperative complications in children with Cerebral Palsy following spinal fusion surgery compared to children with Idiopathic Scoliosis.

Methods:

The 2016 Kids’ Inpatient Database was queried to identify pediatric patients (old) with concurrent diagnoses of Cerebral Palsy and Neuromuscular Scoliosis undergoing spinal fusion surgery. Cases were compared to children without Cerebral Palsy and with a diagnosis of Idiopathic Scoliosis undergoing the same procedure. Fitted Poisson regression analysis with robust variance ...


Reliability And Criterion Validity Of Ultrasonic Measurements Of The Supraspinatus And Infraspinatus Cross-Sectional Area, Dirk Kokmeyer, Lori-Thein Brody, Shane Koppenhaver, Charles Thigpen Apr 2020

Reliability And Criterion Validity Of Ultrasonic Measurements Of The Supraspinatus And Infraspinatus Cross-Sectional Area, Dirk Kokmeyer, Lori-Thein Brody, Shane Koppenhaver, Charles Thigpen

Costas T. Lambrew Research Retreat 2020

Purpose/Background: Diagnostic ultrasound (US) offers a cost-effective and accessible means of evaluating the cross-sectional area (CSA) of muscles as compared to the gold standard of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). Muscle CSA is directly related to the amount of force a muscle can produce. Rotator cuff CSA is especially important when considering the strength and function of the shoulder joint. The present study aims to test the validity, same-day and between day intra-rater reliability of US CSA measures of the supraspinatus (SS) and infraspinatus (IS) muscles of the shoulder compared to MRI. Number of Subjects: Thirty-two, right-hand dominant subjects were ...


A Question Of Who And Why: Platelet Rich Plasma Utilization In A Primary Care Sports Medicine Practice, Douglas Dicola, William Dexter, Amy Haskins, Christina Holt Apr 2020

A Question Of Who And Why: Platelet Rich Plasma Utilization In A Primary Care Sports Medicine Practice, Douglas Dicola, William Dexter, Amy Haskins, Christina Holt

Costas T. Lambrew Research Retreat 2020

Purpose: Identify practices in use of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) within primary care sports medicine practices compared to what is supported in the literature.

Background: PRP is a common treatment for musculoskeletal treatments. Efficacy is limited to tendinopathies and osteoarthritis. Little is known about it's utilization practices in MMP sports medicine community.

Methods: Retrospective Cohort Study using deidentified data from records of patients who received PRP injections (using procedure coding) in two sports medicine clinics from 12/2015 to 06/2019. Data included patient demographics, associated diagnoses with PRP, and medical conditions/medications that met exclusion criteria commonly in ...


What Outcomes Matter To Patients After Joint Or Spine Surgery?, Robin R. Whitebird, Leif I. Solberg, Christine K. Norton, Jeanette Y. Ziegenfuss, Stephen E. Asche, Elizabeth S. Grossman Apr 2020

What Outcomes Matter To Patients After Joint Or Spine Surgery?, Robin R. Whitebird, Leif I. Solberg, Christine K. Norton, Jeanette Y. Ziegenfuss, Stephen E. Asche, Elizabeth S. Grossman

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are increasingly used in clinical care, but there have been few studies of what patients identify as the most important outcomes.

Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 65 patients undergoing hip or knee replacement, spinal discectomy/laminotomy, or a spinal fusion. Interviews focused on outcomes patients identified as important, perceived usefulness of standardized PROMs measures, and contextual situations important to their care. Data were analyzed using a directed content analysis approach.

Results: Patients identified desired outcomes that were unique and important to them. Their preferred outcomes focused in the areas of freedom from pain, getting ...


Orthopedic Injuries In Athletes, Cameron Adams Apr 2020

Orthopedic Injuries In Athletes, Cameron Adams

Showcase of Undergraduate Research and Creative Endeavors (SOURCE)

When thinking of athletes and orthopedic injuries, we often associate these injuries with more physical sports such as football, basketball, or even soccer. What we don’t realize is that an injury of any degree can occur in any sport, regardless of the level of physicality. An orthopedic injury is any injury to the bones, muscles, or joints of the musculoskeletal system. These injuries include, but are not limited to, ACL tears, meniscus tears, broken bones, muscle tears, sprains, dislocations, or fractures, obtained during a sport. Most injuries of this nature are hard to ignore, but depending on the area ...


Balance Of Adults With Chronic Ankle Instability Following A 6-Week Core Stability Program, Natalie Dickol Apr 2020

Balance Of Adults With Chronic Ankle Instability Following A 6-Week Core Stability Program, Natalie Dickol

Theses and Dissertations

Ankle injuries are one of the most common injuries in the athletic population because of the anatomy of the ankle in conjunction with dynamic activity. During injury, mechanoreceptors are damaged, effecting neuromuscular control. Lack of neuromuscular control puts patients at risk for re-injury. Chronic ankle instability (CAI) has been defined as a condition associated with recurrent sprains and persistent symptoms, including feelings of "giving way," loss of function and limited movement and continuous ankle pain. Patients with CAI are commonly shown to have functional deficits in postural control, such as overcompensating on the uninvolved limb or unable to maintain proper ...


Sustaining The National Spinal Cord Injury Registry Of Iran (Nscir-Ir) In A Regional Center: Challenges And Solutions, Zahra Azadmanjir, Zahra Mohtasham-Amiri, Seyed-Mahdi Ziabari, Leila Kochakinejad, Hamid Haidari, Guilan University Of Medical Sciences, Hadis Sabour, Zahra Khazaeipour, Mahdi Sharif-Alhoseini, Zahra Ghodsi, Abbas Amirjamshidi, Farshad Akbarzadeh, Kazem Zendehdel, Amir Azarhomayouon, Khatereh Naghdi, Gerard Oreilly, Ellen Merete, Alexander Vaccaro, Edward C. Benzel, Seyed Behzad Jazayeri, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar Apr 2020

Sustaining The National Spinal Cord Injury Registry Of Iran (Nscir-Ir) In A Regional Center: Challenges And Solutions, Zahra Azadmanjir, Zahra Mohtasham-Amiri, Seyed-Mahdi Ziabari, Leila Kochakinejad, Hamid Haidari, Guilan University Of Medical Sciences, Hadis Sabour, Zahra Khazaeipour, Mahdi Sharif-Alhoseini, Zahra Ghodsi, Abbas Amirjamshidi, Farshad Akbarzadeh, Kazem Zendehdel, Amir Azarhomayouon, Khatereh Naghdi, Gerard Oreilly, Ellen Merete, Alexander Vaccaro, Edward C. Benzel, Seyed Behzad Jazayeri, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

Background: The National Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury Registry in Iran (NSCIR-IR), was implemented initially in three hospitals as a pilot phase from 11 Oct 2015 to 19 Jun 2016 and has been active in eight centers from 19 Jun 2016. Poursina Hospital, a trauma care referral center in Rasht, Guilan Province of Iran is one of the registry sites, and has been involved in registering eligible patients since 1 Jan 2016. This study aimed to identify the challenges and solutions for sustaining the NSCIR-IR in a regional center.

Methods: This was a mixed-methods study. For the quantitative analysis, a retrospective ...


Comparison Of Pre- And Post-Operative Shoulder Muscle Emg Profiles In Reverse Total Shoulder Arthroplasty Patients, Emily Lau, Sreten Franovic, Noah Kuhlmann, Eric C. Makhni Md, Stephanie Muh Md Mar 2020

Comparison Of Pre- And Post-Operative Shoulder Muscle Emg Profiles In Reverse Total Shoulder Arthroplasty Patients, Emily Lau, Sreten Franovic, Noah Kuhlmann, Eric C. Makhni Md, Stephanie Muh Md

Medical Student Research Symposium

Background: Deltoid muscle function is central in reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) function; however, there is limited information available regarding changes in deltoid activity before and after surgery. Few tests exist to evaluate specific muscle metrics pre and post operatively. Surface Electromyographic (EMG) is non-invasive and allows for observation of motions with multifaceted analysis of movement with minimal patient demand. Understanding the changes in shoulder muscle activation, namely in the deltoid, in patients pre and post-RTSA can further advance understanding of the procedure and rehabilitation efforts.

Methods: Nine individuals were recruited for this study: all patients underwent RTSA by a ...


Application Of Laser Technology In The Non-Surgical Management Of Periprosthetic Joint Infection (Pji); Novel Insights From Peri-Implantitis, Kareem Giovanni Elhage, Mohamed Awad, Ahmad Hasan, Brendan Farley, Khaled Saleh Mar 2020

Application Of Laser Technology In The Non-Surgical Management Of Periprosthetic Joint Infection (Pji); Novel Insights From Peri-Implantitis, Kareem Giovanni Elhage, Mohamed Awad, Ahmad Hasan, Brendan Farley, Khaled Saleh

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction: The management of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is challenging, and its socio-economic impact is significant. Moreover, the incidence of MRSA and other resistant organisms are on the rise. Recently, laser technology has been incorporated into treatment protocols of dental peri-implantitis. This review explores the possibility of using laser technology to manage peri-implantitis.

Methods: This article will provide a detailed, comprehensive, and perspective review of the existing evidence of laser technology in management of dental peri-implantitis.

Results: Dental literature investigated the efficacy of several types of lasers. It was shown that diode lasers improved periodontal probing depth (PPD) and bleeding ...


The Use Of Urine Drug Testing For Risk Stratification And Efficacious Drug Monitoring In Pain Management Settings, Ahmad I. Hasan, Kareem Elhage, Brendan Farley, Khaled J. Saleh Mar 2020

The Use Of Urine Drug Testing For Risk Stratification And Efficacious Drug Monitoring In Pain Management Settings, Ahmad I. Hasan, Kareem Elhage, Brendan Farley, Khaled J. Saleh

Medical Student Research Symposium

Objective: To understand the current landscape of urine drug testing (UDT) guidelines as part of risk assessment for opioid abuse, and to offer recommendations towards adopting universal screening guidelines.

Background: There has been an opioid epidemic within the United States, and the role of prescription opioids has been well established. Despite proposed recommendations, there has yet to be a published universal screening guideline on the use of UDT in the setting of opioid abuse risk stratification as well as postoperative drug monitoring.

Methods: We explored current guidelines for UDT on two levels. First, we explore general indications for UDT within ...


Upper-Extremity Injuries Are The 2nd Most Common Workplace Injuries From 1992 To 2018, Nikhil R. Yedulla, Dylan S. Koolmees, Eric B. Battista, Syed S. Raza, Zachary A. Montgomery, Charles S. Day Mar 2020

Upper-Extremity Injuries Are The 2nd Most Common Workplace Injuries From 1992 To 2018, Nikhil R. Yedulla, Dylan S. Koolmees, Eric B. Battista, Syed S. Raza, Zachary A. Montgomery, Charles S. Day

Medical Student Research Symposium

Musculoskeletal injuries occur frequently in the workplace, yet it is unclear whether upper-extremity, lower-extremity, or trunk injuries are the most prevalent. We hypothesize that: (1) trunk injuries are the most common in the overall workplace, and (2) upper-extremity injuries are more common in labor-based industries than non-labor industries. Workplace related injury data from 1992 to 2018 was collected from the Bureau of Labor Statistics “Workplace Injuries & Illnesses” database. Occurrence of trunk, upper-extremity, and lower-extremity injuries in major industries (agriculture, construction, manufacturing, and healthcare) were aggregated during this time period and compared. Overall workplace related injury occurrence in major industries from ...


Accidental Prehabilitation: A Case Of Increased Exercise Frequency Before Thoracic Surgery, Jennifer Baima, Mark W. Maxfield, Maggie Powers, John M. Varlotto, Karl Uy Mar 2020

Accidental Prehabilitation: A Case Of Increased Exercise Frequency Before Thoracic Surgery, Jennifer Baima, Mark W. Maxfield, Maggie Powers, John M. Varlotto, Karl Uy

Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation Publications

Case Diagnosis: 67 year-old man was found down with dysarthria, dysphagia, and right lower limb weakness. He was diagnosed with left anterior cerebral artery ischemic stroke, acute renal failure, atrial fibrillation, and deep venous thrombosis. He remained hospitalized for months as he did not have insurance for inpatient rehabilitation care and could not be safely discharged home.

Case Description: During that time, he got physical therapy 5 times per week and then 2 times per week. While hospitalized, he was subsequently diagnosed with left upper lobe nodule from T2aN0M0 lung adenocarcinoma. Physical therapy was increased back to 5 times per ...


Don’T Call Me In The Morning: Why It Might Be Best To See Patients In-Person, A Case Report, Johnny Jarnagin, Jennifer Baima, Mathew J. Most, David A. Mazin Mar 2020

Don’T Call Me In The Morning: Why It Might Be Best To See Patients In-Person, A Case Report, Johnny Jarnagin, Jennifer Baima, Mathew J. Most, David A. Mazin

Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation Publications

Case Diagnosis: Post-irradiation Sarcoma

Case Description: A 58-year-old woman with a history of stage IIIB squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix who was treated with chemoradiation, considered in remission 5 years prior on PET CT, and was under every 6-months surveillance for recurrence by gynecology. She presented to the Emergency Department for severe back pain, left sided sciatica, and paresthesias. In the absence of fracture or cord compression, she was discharged with recommendations for primary care follow-up. This took place over the telephone with referral to the spine center. One week later, her pain progressed to 10+/10 with dense ...


Youth Single-Sport Specialization In Professional Baseball Players., Patrick S Buckley, Michael C Ciccotti, Meghan Bishop, Patrick Kane, Stephen Selverian, Dominique Exume, John D'Angelo, William Emper, Kevin B Freedman, Sommer Hammoud, Steven B Cohen, Michael G Ciccotti Mar 2020

Youth Single-Sport Specialization In Professional Baseball Players., Patrick S Buckley, Michael C Ciccotti, Meghan Bishop, Patrick Kane, Stephen Selverian, Dominique Exume, John D'Angelo, William Emper, Kevin B Freedman, Sommer Hammoud, Steven B Cohen, Michael G Ciccotti

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

Background: An increasing number of youth baseball athletes are specializing in playing baseball at younger ages.

Purpose: The purpose of our study was to describe the age and prevalence of single-sport specialization in a cohort of current professional baseball athletes. In addition, we sought to understand the trends surrounding single-sport specialization in professional baseball players raised within and outside the United States (US).

Study Design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3.

Methods: A survey was distributed to male professional baseball athletes via individual team athletic trainers. Athletes were asked if and at what age they had chosen to specialize in ...


Correlation Of Early Outcomes And Intradiscal Interleukin-6 Expression In Lumbar Fusion Patients., John D Koerner, Dessislava Z Markova, Greg D Schroeder, Christopher L Antonacci, Joseph Mendelis, Alexander R Vaccaro, D Greg Anderson, Chris K Kepler Mar 2020

Correlation Of Early Outcomes And Intradiscal Interleukin-6 Expression In Lumbar Fusion Patients., John D Koerner, Dessislava Z Markova, Greg D Schroeder, Christopher L Antonacci, Joseph Mendelis, Alexander R Vaccaro, D Greg Anderson, Chris K Kepler

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

OBJECTIVE: To determine if there is correlation between intradiscal levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and early outcome measures in patients undergoing lumbar fusion for painful disc degeneration.

METHODS: Intervertebral disc tissue was separated into annulus fibrosus/nucleus pulposus and cultured separately in vitro in serum-free medium (Opti-MEM). Conditioned media was collected after 48 hours. The concentration of IL-6 was quantified using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Pearson correlation coefficients quantified relationships between IL-6 levels and pre- and postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) back pain and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), as well as change in VAS/ODI.

RESULTS: Sixteen discs were harvested from 9 ...


Modular Stem In Total Hip Arthroplasty For Patients With Trochanter Valgus Deformity: Surgical Technique And Case Series., Xiangpeng Kong, Wei Chai, Minzhi Yang, Alvin Ong, Jiying Chen, Yan Wang, Yonggang Zhou Feb 2020

Modular Stem In Total Hip Arthroplasty For Patients With Trochanter Valgus Deformity: Surgical Technique And Case Series., Xiangpeng Kong, Wei Chai, Minzhi Yang, Alvin Ong, Jiying Chen, Yan Wang, Yonggang Zhou

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Trochanter valgus deformity (TVD) is a rare condition of total hip arthroplasty (THA). Femoral osteotomy could be required in correcting the deformity to implant femoral stem in severe TVD. In this study, we described one unpublished technique of reverse sleeve of S-ROM to get through the complex situation. This study aimed to summarize and evaluate its technical challenges, safety and effectiveness.

METHODS: From January 2006 to December 2014, we enrolled patients whose sleeves were implanted towards the great trochanter in THA with TVD. Their demographics, perioperative and postoperative information were recorded. To explore its indication, we measured and analyzed ...


Staged Management Of High-Energy Complex Tibial Pilon Fractures, Gan Golshteyn Dpm, Gina Nguyen Dpm, Bradley Roth Do, Marie Williams Dpm Feb 2020

Staged Management Of High-Energy Complex Tibial Pilon Fractures, Gan Golshteyn Dpm, Gina Nguyen Dpm, Bradley Roth Do, Marie Williams Dpm

Podiatry

No abstract provided.


Postoperative Delirium After Major Orthopedic Surgery., Michael K. Urban, Mayu Sasaki, Abigail M. Schmucker, Steven K. Magid Feb 2020

Postoperative Delirium After Major Orthopedic Surgery., Michael K. Urban, Mayu Sasaki, Abigail M. Schmucker, Steven K. Magid

Student Papers & Posters

BACKGROUND: Postoperative delirium (POD) is one of the most common complications in older adult patients undergoing elective surgery. Few studies have compared, within the same institution, the type of surgery, risk factors and type of anesthesia and analgesia associated with the development of POD.

AIM: To investigate the following three questions: (1) What is the incidence of POD after non-ambulatory orthopedic surgery at a high-volume orthopedic specialty hospital? (2) Does surgical procedure influence incidence of POD after non-ambulatory orthopedic surgery? And (3) For POD after non-ambulatory orthopedic surgery, what are modifiable risk factors?

METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted ...


Validity Of The Body Scan Scanner® And Structure Sensor To Measure Limb Volume In Healthy Adults, Mary Insana Fisher, Michaela Claire Viola, Noah James Brueckner, Madison Elizabeth Wolfe, Rachel Lynn Kremer Feb 2020

Validity Of The Body Scan Scanner® And Structure Sensor To Measure Limb Volume In Healthy Adults, Mary Insana Fisher, Michaela Claire Viola, Noah James Brueckner, Madison Elizabeth Wolfe, Rachel Lynn Kremer

Physical Therapy Faculty Publications

Purpose/Hypothesis: Secondary lymphedema is a chronic condition that can develop in approximately 30 percent of women treated for breast cancer. It is important to measure limb volume changes for early detection of lymphedema, when it is possible to reverse the swelling (stage 1). Common clinical measures carry concerns of infection control (water displacement), are time consuming (truncated cone calculation using circumferential measures), or expensive (perometry). Use of a portable 3D scanner addresses these concerns, but the validity is unknown. The purpose of this phase I study is to investigate the validity of the Body Scan Scanner to measure limb ...


Prehabilitation To Improve Positioning Reproducibility In Patients Undergoing Pelvic Radiation Therapy, Alexander Lukez, Lauren O'Loughlin Feb 2020

Prehabilitation To Improve Positioning Reproducibility In Patients Undergoing Pelvic Radiation Therapy, Alexander Lukez, Lauren O'Loughlin

Capstone Presentations

Prehabilitation to improve patient positioning: pelvic exercises assist in reducing sacral slope variability during radiation therapy

Purpose/Objective(s):

Reproducible patient positioning is essential for precision in radiation therapy (RT) delivery. However, a retrospective review of pre-treatment imaging demonstrated variability in daily patient set-up. We tested the hypothesis that a structured daily pre-treatment stretching regimen is both feasible and effective for minimizing variability in positioning, as measured by sacral slope angles (SSA).

Materials/Methods:

After obtaining IRB approval, we had 8 female patients undergoing pelvic radiotherapy perform a structured daily hip exercise regimen (extension and external rotation) immediately prior to ...


Evaluating The Performance Of The Who International Reference Standard For Osteoporosis Diagnosis In Postmenopausal Women Of Varied Polygenic Score And Race, Qing Wu, Xiangxue Xiao, Yingke Xu Feb 2020

Evaluating The Performance Of The Who International Reference Standard For Osteoporosis Diagnosis In Postmenopausal Women Of Varied Polygenic Score And Race, Qing Wu, Xiangxue Xiao, Yingke Xu

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Background: Whether the bone mineral density (BMD) T-score performs differently in osteoporosis classification in women of different genetic profiling and race background remains unclear. Methods: The genomic data in the Women’s Health Initiative study was analyzed (n = 2417). The polygenic score (PGS) was calculated from 63 BMD-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for each participant. The World Health Organization′s (WHO) definition of osteoporosis (BMD T-score ≤ −2.5) was used to estimate the cumulative incidence of fracture. Results: T-score classification significantly underestimated the risk of major osteoporotic fracture (MOF) in the WHI study. An enormous underestimation was observed in African ...


Return To Sport And Athletic Function In An Active Population After Primary Arthroscopic Labral Reconstruction Of The Hip, David R. Maldonado, Sarah L. Chen, Mitchell J. Yelton, Philip J. Rosinsky, Rafael Walker-Santiago, Jacob Shapira, Ajay C. Lall, Benjamin G. Domb Feb 2020

Return To Sport And Athletic Function In An Active Population After Primary Arthroscopic Labral Reconstruction Of The Hip, David R. Maldonado, Sarah L. Chen, Mitchell J. Yelton, Philip J. Rosinsky, Rafael Walker-Santiago, Jacob Shapira, Ajay C. Lall, Benjamin G. Domb

Student Papers & Posters

Background: Labral reconstruction has been advocated as an alternative to debridement for the treatment of irreparable labral tears, showing favorable short-term results. However, literature is scarce regarding outcomes and return to sport in the nonelite athletic population.

Purpose: To report minimum 1-year clinical outcomes and the rate of return to sport in athletic patients who underwent primary hip arthroscopy with labral reconstruction in the setting of femoroacetabular impingement syndrome and irreparable labral tears.

Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4.

Methods: Data were prospectively collected and retrospectively analyzed for patients who underwent an arthroscopic labral reconstruction between August 2012 ...


Assessing Structural Damage Progression In Psoriatic Arthritis And Its Role As An Outcome In Research., Désirée Van Der Heijde, Dafna D Gladman, Arthur Kavanaugh, Philip Mease Feb 2020

Assessing Structural Damage Progression In Psoriatic Arthritis And Its Role As An Outcome In Research., Désirée Van Der Heijde, Dafna D Gladman, Arthur Kavanaugh, Philip Mease

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is an immune-mediated, clinically heterogeneous disease characterized by arthritis, enthesitis, dactylitis, spondylitis, and psoriasis of the skin and nails. Persistent articular inflammation in patients with PsA can lead to structural damage, which can result in reduced physical function and quality of life. Structural damage can occur rapidly, and irreversible joint damage may be observed if patients are not treated promptly and appropriately. Therefore, evaluating therapeutic agents for their ability to inhibit structural progression has become increasingly important, with radiographic progression becoming a key efficacy outcome in clinical trials in PsA. Here, we review how structural damage and ...


Proton Pump Inhibitor Use Affects Pseudarthrosis Rates And Influences Patient-Reported Outcomes., John J. Mangan, Srikanth N. Divi, James Mckenzie, Justin D. Stull, William Conaway, David S. Casper, Dhruv K.C. Goyal, Kristen J. Nicholson, Matthew S. Galetta, Scott C. Wagner, I. David Kaye, Mark Kurd, Barrett I. Woods, Kristen E. Radcliff, Jeffrey A. Rihn, D. Greg Anderson, Alan S. Hilibrand, Alex R. Vaccaro, Gregory D. Schroeder, Christopher K. Kepler Feb 2020

Proton Pump Inhibitor Use Affects Pseudarthrosis Rates And Influences Patient-Reported Outcomes., John J. Mangan, Srikanth N. Divi, James Mckenzie, Justin D. Stull, William Conaway, David S. Casper, Dhruv K.C. Goyal, Kristen J. Nicholson, Matthew S. Galetta, Scott C. Wagner, I. David Kaye, Mark Kurd, Barrett I. Woods, Kristen E. Radcliff, Jeffrey A. Rihn, D. Greg Anderson, Alan S. Hilibrand, Alex R. Vaccaro, Gregory D. Schroeder, Christopher K. Kepler

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

Study Design: Retrospective cohort review.

Objectives: Cervical pseudarthrosis is a frequent cause of need for revision anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and may lead to worse patient-reported outcomes. The effect of proton pump inhibitors on cervical fusion rates are unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine if patients taking PPIs have higher rates of nonunion after ACDF.

Methods: A retrospective cohort review was performed to compare patients who were taking PPIs preoperatively with those not taking PPIs prior to ACDF. Patients younger than 18 years of age, those with less than 1-year follow-up, and those undergoing surgery ...


Joint-Preserving Procedures For Osteonecrosis Of The Femoral Head., Bülent Atilla, Sancar Bakırcıoğlu, Alexander J. Shope, Javad Parvizi Jan 2020

Joint-Preserving Procedures For Osteonecrosis Of The Femoral Head., Bülent Atilla, Sancar Bakırcıoğlu, Alexander J. Shope, Javad Parvizi

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

Osteonecrosis of the femoral head is a poorly understood condition that may lead to progressive destruction of the hip joint. Its incidence is common between the third and fifth decades of life and it is the diagnosis behind 5-18% of annually performed total hip arthroplasties (THAs) in the USA.Regarding the high rate of complications of THA in that age group, authors have agreed on the importance of joint-preservation techniques for this disease but techniques vary to establish a generally accepted algorithmic approach.Surgical head-preserving procedures, core decompression with or without graft, stem cell augmentation, or biologic adjuncts, vascularized bone ...


Patient-Reported Outcomes Feedback Report For Knee Arthroplasty Patients Should Present Selective Information In A Simple Design - Findings Of A Qualitative Study, Kathrin I. Fischer, Diarmuid De Faoite, Matthias S. F. Rose Jan 2020

Patient-Reported Outcomes Feedback Report For Knee Arthroplasty Patients Should Present Selective Information In A Simple Design - Findings Of A Qualitative Study, Kathrin I. Fischer, Diarmuid De Faoite, Matthias S. F. Rose

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Technical innovation to assess patient-reported outcomes (PROs) facilitates their implementation in clinical practice. In particular, mobile applications (apps) allow PROs to be assessed outside of the clinical setting. A patient's health status can be remotely monitored and evaluated after discharge, and their recovery process tracked. This is of particular interest for patients after knee arthroplasty, as the recovery phase after surgery usually takes place in an outpatient setting and requires a high level of patient engagement. Providing results of PRO assessments to patients in the form of a feedback report could increase patient engagement and may improve communication ...


National Trends In Total Hip Arthroplasty For Traumatic Hip Fractures: An Analysis Of A Nationwide All-Payer Database., Anthony J Boniello, Alexander M Lieber, Kevin Denehy, Priscilla Cavanaugh, Yehuda E Kerbel, Andrew Star Jan 2020

National Trends In Total Hip Arthroplasty For Traumatic Hip Fractures: An Analysis Of A Nationwide All-Payer Database., Anthony J Boniello, Alexander M Lieber, Kevin Denehy, Priscilla Cavanaugh, Yehuda E Kerbel, Andrew Star

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Hemiarthroplasty (HA) has traditionally been the treatment of choice for elderly patients with displaced femoral neck fractures. Ideal treatment for younger, ambulatory patients is not as clear. Total hip arthroplasty (THA) has been increasingly utilized in this population however the factors associated with undergoing HA or THA have not been fully elucidated.

AIM: To examine what patient characteristics are associated with undergoing THA or HA. To determine if outcomes differ between the groups.

METHODS: We queried the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) for patients that underwent HA or THA for a femoral neck fracture between 2005 and 2014. The NIS ...


Health Literacy And Patient Reported Outcomes In Orthopaedic Surgery Patients, Thiran Udawatta, Lance Flesch, Michael Eng, Jane E. Oliphant, Scott G. Kaar Jan 2020

Health Literacy And Patient Reported Outcomes In Orthopaedic Surgery Patients, Thiran Udawatta, Lance Flesch, Michael Eng, Jane E. Oliphant, Scott G. Kaar

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Background: Health literacy may be an important factor in patient health outcomes, however, prior research has primarily focused on primary care patients with research in orthopaedic specific populations lacking.

Questions/purposes: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between health literacy and patient reported outcomes in an orthopaedic patient population.

Patients and Methods: 183 patients >18 years of age who presented to our institution’s sports orthopaedic surgery clinic with shoulder or knee complaints were analyzed. The primary outcomes were physical function recorded using Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) physical function and Single Assessment Numerical Evaluation ...