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Articles 1 - 30 of 1820

Full-Text Articles in Orthopedics

Worse Postoperative Outcomes And Higher Reoperation In Smokers Compared To Nonsmokers For Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair, Susan G. Wager, Spencer Brown, Michael Gaudiani, Joshua P. Castle, Eric Jiang, Vasilios Moutzouros, Eric Makhni, Stephanie J. Muh Mar 2023

Worse Postoperative Outcomes And Higher Reoperation In Smokers Compared To Nonsmokers For Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair, Susan G. Wager, Spencer Brown, Michael Gaudiani, Joshua P. Castle, Eric Jiang, Vasilios Moutzouros, Eric Makhni, Stephanie J. Muh

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction: Smoking impairs healing potential and is a significant risk factor for complications following orthopaedic surgeries. The purpose of this study was to determine if a cohort of former or current smokers at time of surgery met the minimally clinical important difference (MCID) for Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System Upper Extremity (PROMIS-UE), Depression (PROMIS-D), and Pain Interference (PROMIS-PI) scores in comparison to nonsmokers.

Methods: A retrospective review of patients who underwent rotator cuff repair was performed. Patients who completed preoperative and 6-month postoperative PROMIS scores were included. The MCID was calculated using a distribution technique with a threshold of 0.5 …


The Top 50 Most Cited Articles On The Medial Patellofemoral Ligament (Mpfl): A Bibliometric Analysis, Varag Abed, Alex Duvall, Jonathan D. Rexroth, Alyssa Goodwin, Joseph Liu, Austin Stone Mar 2023

The Top 50 Most Cited Articles On The Medial Patellofemoral Ligament (Mpfl): A Bibliometric Analysis, Varag Abed, Alex Duvall, Jonathan D. Rexroth, Alyssa Goodwin, Joseph Liu, Austin Stone

Medical Student Research Symposium

Objectives: To determine which original articles on the topic of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) have been cited the most in the literature utilizing a bibliometric approach. Secondarily, to determine temporal trends between article types.

Methods: Articles on the topic of the MPFL were identified by utilizing the Web of Science Database. The search yielded 1,596 results and the top 50 cited original articles were collected for further analysis. The following information was gathered for all included articles: title, first author's name, journal name, year of publication, impact factor of the journal in 2021, total number of citations of the …


Preoperative Promis Depression Scores Can Predict Failure To Improve After Trapeziectomy And Lrti, Shreya Balusu, Hardy Evans Md, Eric Jiang Md, Matthew Myhand, Noopur Ranganathan, Charles Day Md Mar 2023

Preoperative Promis Depression Scores Can Predict Failure To Improve After Trapeziectomy And Lrti, Shreya Balusu, Hardy Evans Md, Eric Jiang Md, Matthew Myhand, Noopur Ranganathan, Charles Day Md

Medical Student Research Symposium

INTRODUCTION: Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) scores have been utilized in setting realistic post-intervention expectations. Having a model to stratify likelihood of improvement based on pre-operative variables may allow for better decision making and patient counseling. We hypothesized that preoperative PROMIS scores correlate with patients’ subjective level of improvement after trapeziectomy and ligament reconstruction with tendon interposition (LRTI)

METHODS: Retrospective chart review was performed to identify patients who underwent trapeziectomy and LRTI. Demographic data along with preoperative PROMIS Upper Extremity (UE), Pain Interference (PI), Depression (DP), and QuickDASH (QD) scores were collected. At their follow-up appointment, patients were asked …


Preoperative Promis Depression Scores Can Predict Failure To Improve After Trapeziectomy And Lrti, Shreya Balusu, Hardy Evans Md, Eric Jiang Md, Matthew Myhand, Noopur Ranganathan, Charles Day Md Mar 2023

Preoperative Promis Depression Scores Can Predict Failure To Improve After Trapeziectomy And Lrti, Shreya Balusu, Hardy Evans Md, Eric Jiang Md, Matthew Myhand, Noopur Ranganathan, Charles Day Md

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction

Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) scores have been utilized in setting realistic post-intervention expectations. Predicting likelihood of improvement based on pre-operative variables may allow for better decision-making and patient counseling. We hypothesized that preoperative PROMIS scores correlate with patients’ subjective level of improvement after trapeziectomy and ligament reconstruction with tendon interposition (LRTI)

Methods

Retrospective chart review was performed to identify patients who underwent trapeziectomy and LRTI. Preoperative PROMIS Upper Extremity (UE), Pain Interference (PI), Depression (DP), and QuickDASH (QD) scores were collected. At follow-up appointments, patients were asked an anchor question: “Since your treatment, how would you rate …


High Variability Exists In Reporting Clinical And Patient-Reported Outcome Measures Following Meniscal Surgery, Leah Shephard, Varag Abed, Michael Nichols, Andrew Kennedy, Camille Khalily, Caitlin Conley, Cale Jacobs, Austin V. Stone Mar 2023

High Variability Exists In Reporting Clinical And Patient-Reported Outcome Measures Following Meniscal Surgery, Leah Shephard, Varag Abed, Michael Nichols, Andrew Kennedy, Camille Khalily, Caitlin Conley, Cale Jacobs, Austin V. Stone

Medical Student Research Symposium

Purpose: To evaluate the variability in outcomes following surgical meniscal repair and compare responsiveness between patient reported outcome measures (PROMs).

Methods: A systematic search of the PubMed/MEDLINE and Web of Science databases was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines. A total of 257 unique studies met inclusion criteria. Patient and study attributes were extracted, including pre- and postoperative means for PROMs. Of the studies that met inclusion criteria for responsiveness analysis (2+ PROMs reported, 1-year minimum follow-up; n=172), we compared the responsiveness between PROM instruments using effect size and relative efficiency (RE) if …


Do Lower Extremity Injuries Of Nfl Players Affect Their Yearly Income?, Abdullah Sahyouni, Robert De La Torre, Gautham Pavar, Kinan Sawar, Yasmeen Alcodray, Bohdan Matsko, Justin Bennie, Nicole Xu, Harika Bollineni Mar 2023

Do Lower Extremity Injuries Of Nfl Players Affect Their Yearly Income?, Abdullah Sahyouni, Robert De La Torre, Gautham Pavar, Kinan Sawar, Yasmeen Alcodray, Bohdan Matsko, Justin Bennie, Nicole Xu, Harika Bollineni

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction: Injuries are arguably the most daunting career setbacks professional sports players have to face. To better understand the drawbacks of sports injuries, we decided to examine players’ annual income before and after sports injuries. Income is arguably the most important metric of success for professional athletes. To make the study more relevant for the US, we collected data on one of the most viewed professional sports leagues in the country: the National Football League (NFL).

Methods: We examined the NFL’s weekly injury reports for seasons from 2016 to 2020, and recorded players with lower extremity injuries (LEI) (Hamstring, Calves, …


Towards Standardized, Safe And Efficacious Screening Approaches To Patients With Lower Extremity Peripheral Arterial Disease In The Setting Of Lower Extremity Arthroplasty, Zaina N. Khoury, Adam Pearl, Ahmad Hassan, Mohamed Awad, Khaled Saleh Mar 2023

Towards Standardized, Safe And Efficacious Screening Approaches To Patients With Lower Extremity Peripheral Arterial Disease In The Setting Of Lower Extremity Arthroplasty, Zaina N. Khoury, Adam Pearl, Ahmad Hassan, Mohamed Awad, Khaled Saleh

Medical Student Research Symposium

INTRODUCTION: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) impedes recovery from lower extremity arthroplasties (LEA) and increases risk of complications/mortality, yet there aren’t standards for screening PAD patients pre-LEA. This review proposes some.

METHODS: This review searched databases for articles containing relevant terms. Non-English articles, those unrelated to LEA, and duplicates were excluded. Articles were cross-referenced to find other relevant papers for a total of 111.

RESULTS: Up to 49.2% of PAD patients have CAD. Wagner grade III/IV ulcers increase amputations and decrease wound closures. The Wound, Ischemia, and Foot Infection (WIfI) system provides more accurate, and therefore actionable, assessment. Overlooking PAD in …


Promis Mcid And Scb Achievement In Rotator Cuff Repair, Nikhil Yedulla, Joseph S. Tramer, Alexander Ziedas, Sreten Franovic, Mit Patel, Stephanie Muh, Eric C. Makhni Mar 2023

Promis Mcid And Scb Achievement In Rotator Cuff Repair, Nikhil Yedulla, Joseph S. Tramer, Alexander Ziedas, Sreten Franovic, Mit Patel, Stephanie Muh, Eric C. Makhni

Medical Student Research Symposium

The purpose of this study was to establish threshold score changes to determine minimal clinically important difference (MCID) and substantial clinical benefit (SCB) in PROMIS computer adaptive test (CAT) scores following rotator cuff repair (RCR). Patients undergoing arthroscopic RCR were identified over a 24-month period. PROMIS CAT forms for upper extremity physical function (PROMIS-UE), pain interference (PROMIS-PI), and depression (PROMIS-D) were utilized. Analysis of variance testing with post hoc least significant difference pairwise comparisons and Tukey’s B subset analysis were used in determining if anchor question responses showed statistically significant differences between answers. These findings were used to establish two …


Surgeon Estimations Of Acetabular Cup Orientation Using Intraoperative Fluoroscopic Imagining Are Unreliable., Parker L Brush, Adrian Santana, Gregory R Toci, Eric Slotkin, Michael Solomon, Tristan Jones, Arjun Saxena Mar 2023

Surgeon Estimations Of Acetabular Cup Orientation Using Intraoperative Fluoroscopic Imagining Are Unreliable., Parker L Brush, Adrian Santana, Gregory R Toci, Eric Slotkin, Michael Solomon, Tristan Jones, Arjun Saxena

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Accurate acetabular cup orientation is associated with decreased revision rates and improved outcomes of primary total hip arthroplasty. This study assesses surgeon's ability to estimate both the acetabular component inclination and anteversion angles via intraoperative fluoroscopy (IF) images.

METHODS: We surveyed orthopedic surgeons to estimate acetabular component inclination and anteversion based on 20 IF images of total hip arthroplasty through a direct anterior approach. Postoperative computed-tomography scans were used to calculate the true inclination and anteversion component angles. The absolute difference between the true and estimated values was calculated to determine the mean and standard deviation of the survey …


Open Posterior Reduction And Stabilization Of Ao Spine C3 Sacral Fractures, Philipp Kobbe, Gregory D. Schroeder, Klaus J. Schnake, Lorin M. Benneker, Mark Lambrechts, Frank Hildebrand, Richard M. Sellei Mar 2023

Open Posterior Reduction And Stabilization Of Ao Spine C3 Sacral Fractures, Philipp Kobbe, Gregory D. Schroeder, Klaus J. Schnake, Lorin M. Benneker, Mark Lambrechts, Frank Hildebrand, Richard M. Sellei

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

AO Spine C3 sacral fractures are defined by separation of the spine including S1 from the pelvic ring and are usually result of a high-energy injury. Besides their high biomechanical instability and high rate of associated neurological impairment, these fractures are often extremely difficult to reduce due to severe bony impaction and dislocation. Additional difficulties in management of these fractures arise from only a thin-layer of soft-tissue coverage overlying the injured area.


Associating Outcomes After Hip Arthroscopy With Patient Resilience, Patrick F Szukics, Peters Otlans, Matthew Meade, Jeffrey Lynch, John P. Salvo Feb 2023

Associating Outcomes After Hip Arthroscopy With Patient Resilience, Patrick F Szukics, Peters Otlans, Matthew Meade, Jeffrey Lynch, John P. Salvo

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

Background: Higher patient resilience has been shown to be associated with improved patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) at 6 months after hip arthroscopy.

Purpose: To examine the relationship between patient resilience and PROMs at minimum 2 years after hip arthroscopy.

Study design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3.

Methods: Included were 89 patients (mean age, 36.9 years; mean follow-up, 4.6 years). Patient demographics, surgical details, and preoperative International Hip Outcome Tool-12 (iHOT-12) and visual analog scale (VAS) pain scores were collected retrospectively. Postoperative variables were collected via a survey and included the Brief Resilience Scale (BRS), Patient Activation Measure-13 (PAM-13), Pain …


Development Of An Affordable, Manual Method Of Dna Extraction From Bones And Teeth ​, Varos Victer Manukyan, Lara Laughrey, Ryan V. Powers, Amar Paul, Davis Johnston, Dashon Eure, Todeh Toomians, John A. Kriak, Kyle B. Bills, David W. Sant Feb 2023

Development Of An Affordable, Manual Method Of Dna Extraction From Bones And Teeth ​, Varos Victer Manukyan, Lara Laughrey, Ryan V. Powers, Amar Paul, Davis Johnston, Dashon Eure, Todeh Toomians, John A. Kriak, Kyle B. Bills, David W. Sant

Annual Research Symposium

No abstract provided.


Profibrotic Behavior Of Fibroblasts Derived From Patients That Develop Posttraumatic Shoulder Stiffness, Benjamin A. Hendy, Jolanta Fertala, Thema Nicholson, Joseph A. Abboud, Surena Namdari, Andrzej Fertala Feb 2023

Profibrotic Behavior Of Fibroblasts Derived From Patients That Develop Posttraumatic Shoulder Stiffness, Benjamin A. Hendy, Jolanta Fertala, Thema Nicholson, Joseph A. Abboud, Surena Namdari, Andrzej Fertala

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Arthrofibrosis is a severe scarring condition characterized by joint stiffness and pain. Fundamental to developing arthrofibrotic scars is the accelerated production of procollagen I, a precursor of collagen I molecules that form fibrotic deposits in affected joints. The procollagen I production mechanism comprises numerous elements, including enzymes, protein chaperones, and growth factors. This study aimed to elucidate the differences in the production of vital elements of this mechanism in surgical patients who developed significant posttraumatic arthrofibrosis and those who did not.

METHODS: We studied a group of patients who underwent shoulder arthroscopic repair of the rotator cuff. …


One-Stage Synovectomies Result In Improved Short-Term Outcomes Compared To Two-Stage Synovectomies Of Diffuse-Type Tenosynovial Giant Cell Tumor (D-Tgct) Of The Knee: A Multicenter, Retrospective, Cohort Study, Geert Spierenburg, Floortje G M Verspoor, Jay S Wunder, Anthony M Griffin, Peter C Ferguson, Matthew T Houdek, David M King, Richard Boyle, Robert Lor Randall, Steven W Thorpe, Jacob I Priester, Erik J Geiger, Lizz Van Der Heijden, Nicholas M Bernthal, Bart H W B Schreuder, Hans Gelderblom, Michiel A J Van De Sande Feb 2023

One-Stage Synovectomies Result In Improved Short-Term Outcomes Compared To Two-Stage Synovectomies Of Diffuse-Type Tenosynovial Giant Cell Tumor (D-Tgct) Of The Knee: A Multicenter, Retrospective, Cohort Study, Geert Spierenburg, Floortje G M Verspoor, Jay S Wunder, Anthony M Griffin, Peter C Ferguson, Matthew T Houdek, David M King, Richard Boyle, Robert Lor Randall, Steven W Thorpe, Jacob I Priester, Erik J Geiger, Lizz Van Der Heijden, Nicholas M Bernthal, Bart H W B Schreuder, Hans Gelderblom, Michiel A J Van De Sande

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

Diffuse-type tenosynovial giant cell tumors' (D-TGCTs) intra- and extra-articular expansion about the knee often necessitates an anterior and posterior surgical approach to facilitate an extensive synovectomy. There is no consensus on whether two-sided synovectomies should be performed in one or two stages. This retrospective study included 191 D-TGCT patients from nine sarcoma centers worldwide to compare the postoperative short-term outcomes between both treatments. Secondary outcomes were rates of radiological progression and subsequent treatments. Between 2000 and 2020, 117 patients underwent one-stage and 74 patients underwent two-stage synovectomies. The maximum range of motion achieved within one year postoperatively was similar (flexion …


One And A Half-Stage Revision With Prosthetic Articulating Spacer For Definitive Management Of Knee Periprosthetic Joint Infection., Ahmed Siddiqi, Yusuf Mahmoud, Salvador A. Forte, Thomas A Novack, James Nace Feb 2023

One And A Half-Stage Revision With Prosthetic Articulating Spacer For Definitive Management Of Knee Periprosthetic Joint Infection., Ahmed Siddiqi, Yusuf Mahmoud, Salvador A. Forte, Thomas A Novack, James Nace

Orthopedic Surgery Resident Research

This paper is a comprehensive review that describes indications, contraindications, clinical outcomes, and pearls and pitfalls of 1.5-stage revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) utilizing a primary TKA femoral component, all-polyethylene tibial component, and hand-crafted antibiotic cement for the management of chronic periprosthetic joint infection. The 1.5-stage exchange TKA details placement of an articulating spacer for an indefinite period, prolonging revision until reinfection, deterioration of functional status, or construct failure. A 1.5-stage revision TKA technique is a viable option for treatment of chronic periprosthetic knee infections. The inherent advantages of decreased health-care costs, decreased morbidity and mortality, and improved emotional ease …


Minimally Invasive Surgery Using A Shannon Burr For The Treatment Of Hallux Valgus Deformity: A Systematic Review, Tyler Gonzalez, Rodrigo Encinas, William Johns, J Benjamin Jackson Jan 2023

Minimally Invasive Surgery Using A Shannon Burr For The Treatment Of Hallux Valgus Deformity: A Systematic Review, Tyler Gonzalez, Rodrigo Encinas, William Johns, J Benjamin Jackson

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Recently there has been an increase in minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for the correction of hallux valgus deformity. This systematic review aims to evaluate and present the current literature on MIS hallux valgus correction in studies reporting the use of the Shannon burr with distal metatarsal osteotomies to help establish evidence-based guidelines for surgeons using this technique.

METHODS: Two independent authors performed a systematic literature search using the following databases: PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane library. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) protocol and the Cochrane Handbook guidelines were followed. All studies included were published …


Puncture Capsulotomy Technique For Hip Arthroscopy: Midterm Functional Outcomes, Christopher T Eberlin, Michael P Kucharik, Paul F Abraham, Mark R Nazal, William Conaway, Nathan H Varady, Scott D Martin Jan 2023

Puncture Capsulotomy Technique For Hip Arthroscopy: Midterm Functional Outcomes, Christopher T Eberlin, Michael P Kucharik, Paul F Abraham, Mark R Nazal, William Conaway, Nathan H Varady, Scott D Martin

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

Background: The most common surgical approaches in hip arthroscopy are interportal and T-capsulotomy. However, these methods may introduce capsular instability. Puncture capsulotomy preserves capsuloligamentous integrity by avoiding iatrogenic transection of the iliofemoral capsular ligament.

Purpose: To present minimum 2-year functional outcomes for patients who underwent arthroscopic treatment for acetabular labral tears and concomitant femoroacetabular impingement using the puncture capsulotomy technique.

Study design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4.

Methods: The authors conducted a retrospective review of prospectively collected data on patients who underwent arthroscopic acetabular labral tear treatment between December 2013 and May 2019. Included were patients aged ≥18 years …


Analyses Of Orthopaedic Surgery Residency Interviews, Alexander J Adams, Matthew Sherman, James J. Purtill Jan 2023

Analyses Of Orthopaedic Surgery Residency Interviews, Alexander J Adams, Matthew Sherman, James J. Purtill

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

Interviews are a critical component of orthopaedic surgery residency selection for both the applicant and the program. Some institutions no longer report Alpha Omega Alpha (AOA) designation or class rank, and US Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 recently switched to pass/fail scoring. During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, all Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education programs conducted virtual interviews and subinternship rotations were restricted. These changes offer significant challenges to the residency match process. The purpose of this study was to examine the residency applicant interview and ranking process at a large urban academic university setting. We hypothesized …


Impact Of Perioperative Dexamethasone On Hospital Length Of Stay And Glycemic Control In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Undergoing Total Hip Arthroplasty, Vanessa Williams, Mohammad J. Uddin Ansari, Amruta Jaju, Stacey Ward, Daniel O'Keefe, Jumana Abdelkarim, Nicole Montes, Ula Tarabichi, Albert Botchway, Michael G. Jakoby Iv Jan 2023

Impact Of Perioperative Dexamethasone On Hospital Length Of Stay And Glycemic Control In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Undergoing Total Hip Arthroplasty, Vanessa Williams, Mohammad J. Uddin Ansari, Amruta Jaju, Stacey Ward, Daniel O'Keefe, Jumana Abdelkarim, Nicole Montes, Ula Tarabichi, Albert Botchway, Michael G. Jakoby Iv

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate effects of perioperative dexamethasone on hospital length of stay (LOS) and glycemic control for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA).

Methods: We performed retrospective case review of THA performed in adults (≥ 18 years old) with type 2 diabetes at Springfield Memorial Hospital (Springfield, IL) immediately before (2013), during (2014), and after (2015) publication of consensus guidelines for use of perioperative dexamethasone. Hospital LOS was the primary endpoint. Capillary blood glucose by hospital day, proportion of patients treated with insulin, and median insulin dose by hospital day …


Total Hip Arthroplasty In The Setting Of Post-Traumatic Arthritis Following Acetabular Fracture: A Systematic Review, Conor S O'Driscoll, Martin S Davey, Andrew J Hughes, John M O'Byrne, Michael Leonard, Brendan J O'Daly Jan 2023

Total Hip Arthroplasty In The Setting Of Post-Traumatic Arthritis Following Acetabular Fracture: A Systematic Review, Conor S O'Driscoll, Martin S Davey, Andrew J Hughes, John M O'Byrne, Michael Leonard, Brendan J O'Daly

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

Background: Acetabular fractures are frequently associated with post-traumatic arthritis (PTA), for which total hip arthroplasty (THA) has emerged as the established procedure. The purpose of this systematic review is to report the patient outcomes, complications, and implant survival of delayed THA for patients with PTA following acetabular fracture.

Methods: A systematic review was performed in December 2021 as per Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Guidelines to identify all studies reporting outcomes of delayed THA performed for PTA with a history of acetabular fracture. From an initial screen of 893 studies, 29 studies which met defined inclusion criteria …


Routine Pathologic Examination Of The Femoral Head In Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Survey Study Of The American Association Of Hip And Knee Surgeons, Sumon Nandi, Javad Parvizi, Aahks Research Committee Jan 2023

Routine Pathologic Examination Of The Femoral Head In Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Survey Study Of The American Association Of Hip And Knee Surgeons, Sumon Nandi, Javad Parvizi, Aahks Research Committee

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

Background: Current literature does not provide conclusive evidence on whether routine pathologic examination of femoral heads from total hip arthroplasty is indicated or cost-effective. As a result, there is substantial variation in opinion among surgeons related to this issue. Our study aim was to determine factors that impact surgeon propensity to order pathologic examination of femoral heads.

Methods: A 12-question survey was created to evaluate surgeon practices, indications, and patient care implications surrounding routine pathologic examination of femoral heads. The email survey was distributed to all members of the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons (n = 2598).

Results: …


Increasing Cefazolin Use For Surgical Prophylaxis In Penicillin-Allergy-Labeled Patients., Kathryn A. Vandervelde, Sarah Suppes, Kate Gibbs, Kevin Latz, Angela C. Vanderpool, Rana El Feghaly, Jennifer Goldman Jan 2023

Increasing Cefazolin Use For Surgical Prophylaxis In Penicillin-Allergy-Labeled Patients., Kathryn A. Vandervelde, Sarah Suppes, Kate Gibbs, Kevin Latz, Angela C. Vanderpool, Rana El Feghaly, Jennifer Goldman

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Objective: Penicillin (PCN) allergy labels affect antimicrobial selection for surgical prophylaxis. We aimed to increase the percentage of cefazolin usage in patients with PCN allergy labels undergoing orthopedic surgery from 50% to 80%.

Design: Quality improvement initiative.

Setting: Children's Mercy Kansas City (CMKC), a freestanding children's hospital.

Patients: Children scheduled for an orthopedic surgery (excluding spinal surgery) at CMKC who had a PCN allergy label and received a perioperative antibiotic.

Methods: No standardized process existed to identify and clarify PCN-allergic-labeled patients preoperatively. We developed a process for patient identification combined with a pharmacist phone interview for PCN allergy clarification. In …


Return To Recreational Sports Participation Following Rotator Cuff Repair In Adults Over 40 Years Of Age: Outcomes And Return To Play Analysis, John Hayden Sonnier, Gregory Connors, Michael P. Campbell, Matthew Sabitsky, Ryan W. Paul, Hayden E. Sando, William D. Emper, Steven B. Cohen, Michael G. Ciccotti, Fotios P. Tjoumakaris, Kevin B. Freedman Dec 2022

Return To Recreational Sports Participation Following Rotator Cuff Repair In Adults Over 40 Years Of Age: Outcomes And Return To Play Analysis, John Hayden Sonnier, Gregory Connors, Michael P. Campbell, Matthew Sabitsky, Ryan W. Paul, Hayden E. Sando, William D. Emper, Steven B. Cohen, Michael G. Ciccotti, Fotios P. Tjoumakaris, Kevin B. Freedman

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

Background: Despite the high prevalence of rotator cuff (RTC) tears in older adults, there is limited literature evaluating the return to recreational sport after repair. The purpose of this study was (1) to assess the patient-reported outcomes and return to sport rates following rotator cuff repair in patients aged more than 40 years with minimum 2-year follow-up; (2) to compare baseline, preoperative and postoperative outcomes, and level of play following repair of self-reported athletes with nonathletes; and (3) to compare return to sport rates in overhead athletes compared to nonoverhead athletes. Methods: Patients undergoing arthroscopic rotator cuff repair between January …


Total Hip Arthroplasty In Patients With Neurological Conditions: A Systematic Review, Conor S O'Driscoll, Andrew J Hughes, Martin S Davey, Joseph M Queally, Brendan J O'Daly Dec 2022

Total Hip Arthroplasty In Patients With Neurological Conditions: A Systematic Review, Conor S O'Driscoll, Andrew J Hughes, Martin S Davey, Joseph M Queally, Brendan J O'Daly

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

Background: As operative techniques and implant design have evolved over time, total hip arthroplasty (THA) is increasingly being carried out for patients with neurological impairment. This patient group places unique surgical challenges to the arthroplasty surgeon, which may include contractures, instability, and altered muscular tone. The purpose of this systematic review is to report the patient outcomes, complications, and implant survival following THA for patients with neurological conditions affecting the hip. Thus, we aim to support orthopaedic surgeon decision-making when considering and planning THA for these patients.

Methods: A systematic review was performed as per Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic …


Development Of A Crosslinked Osteochondral Xenograft And A Collagen Stabilizing Intra-Articular Injection To Remediate Cartilage Focal Lesions To Prevent Osteoarthritis, Mark Lewis Mosher Dec 2022

Development Of A Crosslinked Osteochondral Xenograft And A Collagen Stabilizing Intra-Articular Injection To Remediate Cartilage Focal Lesions To Prevent Osteoarthritis, Mark Lewis Mosher

Theses and Dissertations

Osteoarthritis is one of the most common causes of disability in adults in America. It is a progressive and degenerative disease where the articular cartilage is broken down and lost from the surfaces of bones causing chronic pain and swelling in the joints, and currently has no cure. The most commonly osteoarthritis starts from a focal lesion on the cartilage surface, which will expand on the surface and downwards through the thickness of the tissue. The current gold standard for correcting cartilage focal lesions is the osteochondral autograft/allograft transplantation (OAT), which replaces the defect with a fresh osteochondral graft. The …


Ex Vivo Biomechanical Comparison Of Four Center Of Rotation Angulation Based Leveling Osteotomy Fixation Methods, Melody E. Whitney Dec 2022

Ex Vivo Biomechanical Comparison Of Four Center Of Rotation Angulation Based Leveling Osteotomy Fixation Methods, Melody E. Whitney

Theses and Dissertations

Thirty-two canine tibiae with patellae and patellar tendons were harvested from 17 skeletally mature cadavers. Each tibia was randomly allocated to a construct group: plate and pin (Plate), plate with countersink compression screw (HCS), plate with tension band (TB), or plate with HCS and TB (HCSTB). Samples were loaded by distraction until failure. The stiffness, yield load, and ultimate load were compared between each fixation method. No difference in stiffness of the constructs was detected between groups. Yield load and ultimate load for the HCSTB group was greater than the TB group, the HCS group, and the Plate group. CBLO …


Sagittal Alignment Differences On The Operating Room Table Compared To Preoperative And Postoperative Imaging In Anterior Cervical Discectomy And Fusion, Mark J. Lambrechts, Gregory R. Toci, Brian A. Karamian, Zachary Kozick, John Prodoeh, David Reiter, Rahul Muchintala, Eric Tecce, Alexander Vaccaro Jr., Patrick O’Connor, Amit Syal, Dominic Lambo, Jose A. Canseco, I. David Kay, Barrett I. Woods, Alan S. Hilibrand, Christopher K. Kepler, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Gregory D. Schroeder Dec 2022

Sagittal Alignment Differences On The Operating Room Table Compared To Preoperative And Postoperative Imaging In Anterior Cervical Discectomy And Fusion, Mark J. Lambrechts, Gregory R. Toci, Brian A. Karamian, Zachary Kozick, John Prodoeh, David Reiter, Rahul Muchintala, Eric Tecce, Alexander Vaccaro Jr., Patrick O’Connor, Amit Syal, Dominic Lambo, Jose A. Canseco, I. David Kay, Barrett I. Woods, Alan S. Hilibrand, Christopher K. Kepler, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Gregory D. Schroeder

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

Study Design: The study design used was a retrospective cohort. Objective: The objective of this study is to determine if intraoperative improvements in sagittal alignment on the operating table persisted on postoperative standing radiographs. Summary of Background Data: Cervical sagittal alignment may be correlated to postoperative outcomes. Since anterior cervical discectomy and fusions (ACDFs) can restore some cervical lordosis through intervertebral grafts/cages, it is important to understand if intraoperative radiographic measurements correlate with persistent postoperative radiographic changes. Materials and Methods: Patients undergoing elective primary ACDF were screened for the presence of lateral cervical radiographs preoperatively, intraoperatively, and postoperatively. Patients were …


The Importance Of Stigma Theory For Clinical Decisions Related To Diabetic Foot Amputations, Rachael Garcia, Callie Bartkowiak, Alison Nesbitt Do Dec 2022

The Importance Of Stigma Theory For Clinical Decisions Related To Diabetic Foot Amputations, Rachael Garcia, Callie Bartkowiak, Alison Nesbitt Do

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

The authors examine the unconsidered impact of social stigma theory on the shared clinical decision-making process for a patient with foot osteomyelitis and MRSA bacteremia facing the prospect of an amputation.


Severe Lower Extremity Trauma In Ontario: A Linked Population-Based Analysis, Stephanie M. Kim Dec 2022

Severe Lower Extremity Trauma In Ontario: A Linked Population-Based Analysis, Stephanie M. Kim

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Open tibia fractures (OTF) are a management challenge. Admission to a trauma center (TC) and a coordinated approach to bony fixation and soft-tissue reconstruction (STR) have been shown to improve outcomes. The objective of this study was to describe patients who had OTF in Ontario and analyze their outcomes. Linked population data pertaining to patients who had OTF between the years 2009-2020 were examined. Demographic information, admission location, and management course were collected. 4240 patients were found. The mean age was 47, and majority were males. Patients admitted to TC had greater proportion of having Injury Severity Score >15, and …


Comparison Of A Dynamic Ankle Orthosis To A Walking Boot For Preserving Ankle Joint Motion And Reducing Tibial Bone Load And Strain, Perri Johnson Jr. Dec 2022

Comparison Of A Dynamic Ankle Orthosis To A Walking Boot For Preserving Ankle Joint Motion And Reducing Tibial Bone Load And Strain, Perri Johnson Jr.

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

Tibial stress fractures are a common overuse injury accounting for 21.9 – 69% of stress fractures among runners and 24 – 51.2% of stress fractures in military cadets. Current treatment involves wearing a walking boot for 3 – 12 weeks, which limits ankle motion and causes lower limb muscle atrophy. A Dynamic Ankle Orthosis (DAO) provided a distractive force that offloaded the ankle and retained sagittal ankle excursion during walking. It remains unclear how tibial loading is affected by a walking boot or the DAO. This thesis presents a feasibility study confirming the offloading effects of the DAO on tibial …