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Full-Text Articles in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Clinician Perspectives On Fistula Mental Health, Victoria K. Leonard May 2026

Clinician Perspectives On Fistula Mental Health, Victoria K. Leonard

Doctoral Dissertations

Background – Obstetric fistula is a childbirth injury caused by prolonged labor that leads to stillbirth and incontinence, spurring social exclusion and isolation. These layers of trauma put women with fistula at great risk for psychological suffering, which has profound negative socioeconomic impacts on them, their families, and communities. This study captured treatment as usual at Comprehensive Community Based Rehabilitation in Tanzania (CCBRT), the country’s largest provider of fistula care.

Method – Improving holistic fistula treatment requires engaging the clinicians who care for women with fistula. This study aimed to investigate the training, beliefs, and treatment approaches of nurses and …


Implementation Of Guidelines For Preprocedural Ultrasound In Neuraxial Placement For Obstetric Patients With Scoliosis, Luther Nyirenda May 2025

Implementation Of Guidelines For Preprocedural Ultrasound In Neuraxial Placement For Obstetric Patients With Scoliosis, Luther Nyirenda

Doctor of Nursing Practice Scholarly Projects

Neuraxial anesthesia including epidural, spinal, and combined spinal-epidural, is used with 65% of parturients in the United States for the management of pain and discomfort. Conventional landmark palpation has been the mainstay technique for neuraxial anesthesia, but unfamiliar spinal anatomy can lead to incomplete blockade or an increased incidence of complications. Scoliosis causes lateral curvature and rotation of the spine leading to arthritis and soft tissue changes that can present obscure anatomical landmarks, cause difficulty in needle passage, and result in inadequacy of local anesthetic efficacy. The literature illustrates that preprocedural ultrasound is recommended for needle placement in parturients with …


Contemporary Analysis Of Reexcision And Conversion To Mastectomy Rates And Associated Healthcare Costs For Women Undergoing Breast-Conserving Surgery, Youngran Kim, Cecilia Ganduglia-Cazaban, Nina Tamirisa, Anthony Lucci, Trudy Millard Krause Jun 2024

Contemporary Analysis Of Reexcision And Conversion To Mastectomy Rates And Associated Healthcare Costs For Women Undergoing Breast-Conserving Surgery, Youngran Kim, Cecilia Ganduglia-Cazaban, Nina Tamirisa, Anthony Lucci, Trudy Millard Krause

Journal Articles

PURPOSE: This study was designed to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date understanding of population-level reoperation rates and incremental healthcare costs associated with reoperation for patients who underwent breast-conserving surgery (BCS).

METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study using Merative™ MarketScan

RESULTS: The commercial cohort included 17,129 women with a median age of 55 (interquartile range [IQR] 49-59) years, and the Medicare cohort included 6977 women with a median age of 73 (IQR 69-78) years. Overall reoperation rates were 21.1% (95% confidence interval [CI] 20.5-21.8%) for the commercial cohort and 14.9% (95% CI 14.1-15.7%) for the Medicare cohort. In both cohorts, …


Pain Outcomes In Adolescents With Surgically Confirmed Endometriosis: A Single Site Retrospective Cohort Analysis, Madeline Ross, Samantha Janssen, Priya Suvarna, Adam Booser, Ashli Lawson May 2024

Pain Outcomes In Adolescents With Surgically Confirmed Endometriosis: A Single Site Retrospective Cohort Analysis, Madeline Ross, Samantha Janssen, Priya Suvarna, Adam Booser, Ashli Lawson

Research Days

Background: In adolescents with significant dysmenorrhea, empiric therapy via analgesics and hormonal medications is considered gold standard. However, those with refractory pain may have endometriosis. Thus, it is recommended to engage in shared medical decision making with these patients regarding diagnostic laparoscopy. If endometriosis is detected intraoperatively, these lesions are often fulgurated or excised. There currently is a paucity of data regarding the benefits of diagnostic laparoscopy and destruction of lesions in the adolescent population.

Objectives/Goal: To evaluate long-term pain management outcomes and care patterns in adolescent patients undergoing surgical evaluation for endometriosis.

Methods/Design: This was a single-site, retrospective cohort …


Enhancing Peripartum Care Through Standardized Nurse Knowledge Exchange, Gabriela Ochoa May 2024

Enhancing Peripartum Care Through Standardized Nurse Knowledge Exchange, Gabriela Ochoa

Master's Projects and Capstones

Problem Inconsistent handoff practices during patient transfers can cause mistakes and adverse outcomes. Hospital A's peripartum unit has no set policy for Nurse Knowledge Exchange (NKE) during transfers. This project will introduce a standard handoff guide to enhance communication and prevent harmful results after patient transfers.

Context The quality improvement project was conducted in a peripartum mesosystem within an urban hospital in Northern California. This specific area of the hospital comprised 21 postpartum rooms and nine laboring rooms.

Intervention The project involved a methodical strategy that encompassed engaging stakeholders, conducting a literature review, and analyzing data to pinpoint areas for …


Characteristics And Clinical Outcomes Of Iud Insertion Under Conscious Sedation In Pediatric And Adolescent Patients, Alleana Corpin, Madeline Ross, Anne-Marie Priebe, Ashli A. Lawson May 2024

Characteristics And Clinical Outcomes Of Iud Insertion Under Conscious Sedation In Pediatric And Adolescent Patients, Alleana Corpin, Madeline Ross, Anne-Marie Priebe, Ashli A. Lawson

Research Days

Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are a favorable option for adolescents for contraception and menstrual suppression. However, few choose this option citing anxiety and concern for pain related to insertion procedure. Our institution proposes utilizing conscious sedation techniques for anxiolysis and analgesia during IUD insertion. The objective of this study was to identify characteristics of teens choosing conscious sedation for this procedure and likelihood of successful insertion.

Key Words: Intrauterine device (IUD), adolescent, conscious sedation


Case Of An Adolescent Girl With Familial Vulvar Leiomyoma, Madeline Ross, Charlene Dekonenko, Rebecca Rentea, Tazim Dowlut-Mcelroy May 2024

Case Of An Adolescent Girl With Familial Vulvar Leiomyoma, Madeline Ross, Charlene Dekonenko, Rebecca Rentea, Tazim Dowlut-Mcelroy

Research Days

Background

While uterine leiomyomas remain a common occurrence affecting nearly 30% of adult women above 35yo, leiomyomas can arise anywhere smooth muscle cells are located in the body. Vulvar leiomyomas are a particularly rare diagnosis, often misdiagnosed as Bartholin gland cyst, comprising 0.07% of vulvar tumors, and thought to arise from smooth muscle within the round ligament, erectile tissue, and dartos muscle. Even more rare is the presentation of vulvar leiomyoma in the adolescent population and family history of vulvar leiomyoma.

Case

We present the case of a 16yo girl who noticed a painless vulvar mass that had increased in …


Improving Quality Of Life In Menopausal Women Through A Best Practice Protocol: The Use Of Hormone Therapy, Mindfulness-Based Module And Exercise, Claire Czerwonka May 2024

Improving Quality Of Life In Menopausal Women Through A Best Practice Protocol: The Use Of Hormone Therapy, Mindfulness-Based Module And Exercise, Claire Czerwonka

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Menopause is a normal process of aging, but many of the symptoms negatively impact women’s day-to-day quality of life (QOL), as well as activities of daily living, physical and mental health (ACOG, 2014). Generally, systemic estrogen hormone therapy is indicated for menopause-related vasomotor symptoms, but there is no research further addressing QOL issues or lifestyle management in addition to hormone therapy. The purpose of this evidence-base practice (EBP) project was to implement a menopause protocol to address QOL issues in menopausal women with the use of hormone replacement therapy, education through an online mindfulness module, and the use of exercise. …


Characteristic And Defining Markers Of Pcos, Chawki A. Belhadi May 2024

Characteristic And Defining Markers Of Pcos, Chawki A. Belhadi

Field Notes: A Journal of Collegiate Anthropology

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most frequently occurring endocrine disorders in women. The syndrome is diagnosed through a heterogeneous combination of androgen excess, anovulation, and ovarian dysfunction and is characterized by a host of resulting markers. This paper will paint the overall diagnostic picture of the condition and review a number of these markers to build an essential picture of PCOS. It will concentrate first on its principal metabolic markers then describe its physical, neurological and psychobehavioral markers. Each section will then abstract an essential picture from the data it presents. Finally, the review will conclude with …


A Multi-Modal Intervention To Decrease Hpv Vaccine Hesitancy And Increase Uptake In Young Adult Women, Rylee Cartales May 2024

A Multi-Modal Intervention To Decrease Hpv Vaccine Hesitancy And Increase Uptake In Young Adult Women, Rylee Cartales

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the leading cause of cervical cancer worldwide and the most common sexually transmitted disease, yet hesitancy towards the HPV vaccine remains high and uptake of the HPV vaccine remains remarkably low (CDC, 2021b). The purpose of this evidence-based practice (EBP) project was to determine if the implementation of a multimodal intervention including a motivational interview, strong provider recommendation, and educational materials will decrease HPV vaccine hesitancy and consequentially increase uptake of the vaccine. Eleven young adult women ages 18-26 from a rural outpatient Obstetrics and Gynecology (OBGYN) clinic in Indiana participated in this project. After agreeing …


Addressing Intimate Partner Violence (Ipv) Amongst Pregnant And Postpartum Individuals, Charlette E. Williams, Md, Elizabeth S. Hood, Bs, Julia F. Switzer, Md May 2024

Addressing Intimate Partner Violence (Ipv) Amongst Pregnant And Postpartum Individuals, Charlette E. Williams, Md, Elizabeth S. Hood, Bs, Julia F. Switzer, Md

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Posters

Goals of Project

  1. Better recognition of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) as it relates to our poor maternal morbidity and mortality statistics/outcomes
  2. Better trauma-informed education surrounding recognition of red flag signs/symptoms for House Staff/Ob-Gyn rotation students
  3. Better paring of patients with resources both in the clinic setting & postpartum


Minimally Invasive Tissue Extraction: Continued Growth Through Simulation For Obgyn Residents, Angela Frankel, Md, Mph, Melanie Hotz, Md, Patrick Teefey, Md May 2024

Minimally Invasive Tissue Extraction: Continued Growth Through Simulation For Obgyn Residents, Angela Frankel, Md, Mph, Melanie Hotz, Md, Patrick Teefey, Md

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Posters

Background

  • Minimally invasive surgery often requires tissue morcellation for extraction of large surgical specimens.1
  • Surgeon comfort with tissue morcellation in gynecologic surgery is vital in providing a minimally invasive (MIS) approach.
  • However, OBGYN residents often feel underprepared to perform this skill independently.2
  • While practicing tissue morcellation in the OR is ideal, simulation has been shown to improve resident technical skill without risking increased operative time or associated morbidity.3
  • This intervention seeks to build upon a prior simulation exercise, with the ultimate goal of improving OB-GYN resident self-reported comfort with minimally invasive tissue extraction.


Evaluating The Prevalence Of Postpartum Substance Use In South Jersey, Hebba Ahmad, Joanna Petrides May 2024

Evaluating The Prevalence Of Postpartum Substance Use In South Jersey, Hebba Ahmad, Joanna Petrides

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

The goal of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of substance use among women who experience postpartum depression. Looking at South Jersey women in particular, we aimed to compare the rates of women who began to engage in substance use after undergoing labor within the past one year who are covered by private health insurance versus those with Medicaid coverage. A retrospective chart review was performed, and although the small sample size limited our attempts at data analysis, it revealed that there is work to be done in this field. There needs to be methods in reducing the stigma …


Insurance Status And Its Effect On Mothers With Postpartum Depression In The United States, Sanjana Davuluri, Lillian J. Alonzo, Nikita Paranjape, Akshad Thirugnanam, Alexander Youssef May 2024

Insurance Status And Its Effect On Mothers With Postpartum Depression In The United States, Sanjana Davuluri, Lillian J. Alonzo, Nikita Paranjape, Akshad Thirugnanam, Alexander Youssef

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Postpartum depression (PPD) is a significant health issue in the US today: 1 in 8 new mothers experience symptoms of PPD. Understanding how social determinants of health impact the short and long-term health outcomes of patients with PPD is key to providing interventions that are effective, efficient, equitable, and patient-centered. In this literature review, we aimed to shed light on the association between discrepancies in health outcomes of mothers with PPD and their insurance status. A search was conducted across PubMed and ProQuest Central databases focusing on literature from 2014 onwards. Studies that explored factors contributing to PPD, the impact …


Barriers In Health Care Leading To High Maternal Mortality Rates In Southern New Jersey, Katarina Rusinak Oms I, Muznah Khan, Ava Dinardo, Nayarith Lopez Oms Ii May 2024

Barriers In Health Care Leading To High Maternal Mortality Rates In Southern New Jersey, Katarina Rusinak Oms I, Muznah Khan, Ava Dinardo, Nayarith Lopez Oms Ii

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Maternal mortality remains a significant issue in New Jersey, particularly in the Southern counties where rates are alarmingly high. This study investigates barriers faced by mothers in these areas, utilizing data from state health departments, as well as the CDC. Findings reveal clear disparities in healthcare access and resources, exacerbated by high poverty and rural settings. Proposed interventions include educational posters and community workshops to empower expecting mothers and families. However, challenges such as low attendance and limited effectiveness of interventions underscore the need for comprehensive, sustainable solutions to tackle maternal mortality in Southern New Jersey.


Association Between Cultural Factors And Postpartum Depression, Usha Modukuru May 2024

Association Between Cultural Factors And Postpartum Depression, Usha Modukuru

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Postpartum depression (PPD) is present in 17.22% of the world population. The negative physical and psychological impacts of PPD impact not only the mother, but also those around her. This raises the importance of identifying factors contributing to its onset. Studies have shown that PPD prevalence rates vary between non-Western and Western regions of the world. Cultural postpartum practices differed significantly region to region. Search terms including postpartum depression and cultures were used to find peer-reviewed articles, primary surveys, and patient interviews between 2013-2023. Qualitative analyses were performed on the results. Ethnokinship cultures, commonly present in non-Western countries, prioritized social …


Improving Primary And Gynecological Care In Transmasculine Patients, Alison N. Mautner, Joanna Petrides Psy.D, Mbs May 2024

Improving Primary And Gynecological Care In Transmasculine Patients, Alison N. Mautner, Joanna Petrides Psy.D, Mbs

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Introduction: This study aimed to assess the healthcare experiences of transmasculine individuals in primary and gynecological care settings. An online, anonymous survey was conducted to gather insights into positive and adverse encounters, factors influencing care-seeking behaviors, and strategies for improving care delivery in this population.

Methods: A survey was administered between June 1st and July 23rd, 2023, recruiting participants from three LGBTQ+ affirming healthcare offices in South Jersey and via Reddit. Data analysis involved SPSS to gain information from 499 valid responses.

Results: The majority of participants (55%) were aged 18-24, with 51% identifying as transgender men. Over two-thirds (68.5%) …


Between Nsaids, Local Anesthetics, And Non-Medicinal Analgesics, Which Method Is The Most Effective At Providing Pain Relief During Iud Insertions For Nulliparous And Multiparous Women?, Natali Sharma May 2024

Between Nsaids, Local Anesthetics, And Non-Medicinal Analgesics, Which Method Is The Most Effective At Providing Pain Relief During Iud Insertions For Nulliparous And Multiparous Women?, Natali Sharma

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Objective: One major barrier for usage of intrauterine devices (IUD) includes a widespread sense of fear regarding pain during insertion of this contraception. By researching the most effective IUD insertion analgesics available and standardizing these pain management methods, women may be less fearful of obtaining IUDs.

Methods: A comprehensive literature review was conducted using Scopus, PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE and Cochrane Library to compare methods of pain relief during IUD insertions. Outcomes measured include the pain management method used, the dosage administered, the pain experienced by patients evaluated using a Visual Analog Scale (VAS) prior to insertion …


Case Report: An Emergency Department Presentation Of An Ovarian Teratoma, David Marconi, Zamron Masih May 2024

Case Report: An Emergency Department Presentation Of An Ovarian Teratoma, David Marconi, Zamron Masih

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

A teratoma (from the Greek terato for “monster” and onkoma for “mass” or “swelling”) is a type of neoplasm composed of tissues from two or three germ layers. Mature cystic teratomas (MCTs) constitute 70% of all ovarian neoplasms. They typically present with nonspecific symptoms such as pain and nausea. They account for approximately 2% of all primary ovarian malignant cancers and are predominately diagnosed via ultrasound. Computed tomography may be necessary if malignancy is suspected. Larger size warrants a higher suspicion of malignancy. Management is symptom control and ultimately, surgical removal. Prognosis is generally excellent, provided there is no malignant …


Use Of Point-Of-Care Ultrasound In The Diagnosis Of Postpartum Cardiomyopathy, Muhammad Noman, Frank A. Wheeler, James A. Espinosa, Alan Lucerna May 2024

Use Of Point-Of-Care Ultrasound In The Diagnosis Of Postpartum Cardiomyopathy, Muhammad Noman, Frank A. Wheeler, James A. Espinosa, Alan Lucerna

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Postpartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM), also known as peripartum cardiomyopathy is a rare form of heart failure (HF) that occurs in the late stages of pregnancy or in the early postpartum period. For it to be classified as PPCM, it must occur in the absence of another identifiable cause for HF and have left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction with an LV ejection fraction (LVEF) less than 45%. Here we present the case of a 46-year-old female G3P2 presented 5 days postpartum cesarean section delivery in acute respiratory distress where point of care ultrasound was used for assessment of the lungs to visualize …


Ketamine For Postpartum Depression: A Systematic Review, Jaylyn Thompson, David F. Lo, Alexis Foschini, Suvan Sundaresh, Don D. Shamilov May 2024

Ketamine For Postpartum Depression: A Systematic Review, Jaylyn Thompson, David F. Lo, Alexis Foschini, Suvan Sundaresh, Don D. Shamilov

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

The purpose of this review is to explore perinatal ketamine’s potential for reducing postpartum depression after cesarean section. Articles reviewed from Pubmed, Cochrane, and Web of Science using specific search terms. 8 final papers were used for review after excluding duplicates and irrelevant titles and abstracts. Ketamine showed potential in reducing postpartum depression symptoms post C-section, although some studies reported no significant effects. All studies were randomized control trials. Ketamine may help prevent or lessen postpartum depression symptoms post C-section, but more research is needed to understand dosing and its casual relationship with PPD in this context.


Dermoid Cyst – Presenting With Llq Abdominal Pain, Mohammad A. Rattu, James A. Espinosa May 2024

Dermoid Cyst – Presenting With Llq Abdominal Pain, Mohammad A. Rattu, James A. Espinosa

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled structures that may be defined as simple or complex and are often discovered incidentally on imaging. Their etiology can range from physiologically normal (such as follicular or luteal cysts) to ovarian malignancies. They are more common in the reproductive years secondary to endogenous hormonal production however may also occur at any age. Simple cysts more commonly occur among all age groups; mixed cystic and solid and completely solid ovarian lesions however have rates of increased malignancy. The most independent risk factor is age; therefore, post-menopausal women should have proper follow-up secondary to this risk. Some risk …


Maternal Health Outcomes Of The Least And Most Vulnerable Counties In Nj, Nayarith Lopez May 2024

Maternal Health Outcomes Of The Least And Most Vulnerable Counties In Nj, Nayarith Lopez

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

- Maternal health continues to be of great concern in the United States.

-The maternal mortality rate for 2021 was 32.9 deaths per 100,000 live births, an increase from both 2020 and 2021.1

-The leading causes of pregnancy-related death are mental health, hemorrhage, and cardiovascular conditions. Most are preventable.2

-New Jersey ranks 27th, with 24.1 deaths occurring within 42 days of the end of a pregnancy per 100,000 live births.3

-While rates for the entire state show a need for improvement, in comparison to northern and central regions, rates in the southern region of NJ are approximately twice the state …


Management Strategies For Traumatic Injuries In Pregnant Women: A Comprehensive Literature Review, Jaylyn D. Thompson, Jenna Zappetti, Clarence Julian Clark Ii May 2024

Management Strategies For Traumatic Injuries In Pregnant Women: A Comprehensive Literature Review, Jaylyn D. Thompson, Jenna Zappetti, Clarence Julian Clark Ii

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Introduction: Traumatic injuries in pregnant women are the leading cause of non-obstetric death and affect 6% to 8% of all pregnancies. Therefore, it is imperative to maintain updated guidelines to construct a framework for the optimal management strategies for traumatic injuries in pregnant women, considering the perspectives of obstetrics/gynecology, emergency medicine, and orthopedics.

Methods: To conduct this study, research was done via a database search through the Rowan-Virtua School of Osteopathic Medicine’s research library. PubMed was the sole database used to review 8 peer-reviewed sources. Articles that were published within the last 10 years were chosen.

Results: Every woman with …


Investigating The Link Between Preeclampsia/Eclampsia In Mothers And Cardiovascular Risk Among Their Neurodivergent Children, Jasmine Emanuel, Andrea Iannuzzelli, Venkateswar Venkataraman May 2024

Investigating The Link Between Preeclampsia/Eclampsia In Mothers And Cardiovascular Risk Among Their Neurodivergent Children, Jasmine Emanuel, Andrea Iannuzzelli, Venkateswar Venkataraman

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Preeclampsia/Eclampsia are common gestational conditions among pregnant women. These individuals have hypertension after 20 weeks of gestation, proteinuria/end-stage organ disease, and may have seizures. These conditions can put the mother and fetus at risk.1,2 A review of literature investigates whether an association exists between congenital heart defects (CHD), and maternal preeclampsia/eclampsia in the neurotypical and neurodivergent population. The Rowan-Virtua Regional Integrated Special Needs (RISN) Center patient population was used to investigate whether maternal preeclampsia/eclampsia is indicative of higher congenital heart disease (CHD) in their neurodivergent children to achieve better quality of care. As a first step towards exploring the …


Addressing The Black Maternal Mortality Rate, Kennedy Sanders, Venkateswar Venkataraman, Kate Whelihan May 2024

Addressing The Black Maternal Mortality Rate, Kennedy Sanders, Venkateswar Venkataraman, Kate Whelihan

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Introduction: As of 2021, the Black maternal mortality rate in the United States was 69.9 deaths per 100,000 live births as compared to the national average of 32.9 and the White American average of 26.61. It has been demonstrated that this discrepancy is not fully explained by socioeconomic status. Doulas are professionals who provide support and guidance throughout pregnancy, birth, and early parenthood. Encouraging the use of doulas may be an effective approach to improve the birth experience for Black mothers. Methods: A literature review was performed using PubMed and the following search strings: maternal mortality rate (+race, +race +ethnicity, …


Unplanned Pregnancy As An Independent Risk Factor For Antepartum Si In A Post Roe Vs. Wade World, Rianna Mcnamee May 2024

Unplanned Pregnancy As An Independent Risk Factor For Antepartum Si In A Post Roe Vs. Wade World, Rianna Mcnamee

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Abstract: The objective of this literature review is to determine whether unplanned pregnancy is an independent risk factor for developing antepartum SI. Background: The Supreme Court of the United States of America recently ruled that the constitution of the United States does not confer a right to abortion to its citizens. As of October 2023, twenty-one states had developed full or partial bans on abortion, resulting in millions of Americans residing in areas where terminating unplanned pregnancy is not a viable option. There is evidence that indicates antepartum suicidal ideation (SI) is higher than that of the general population, however …


Does Esketamine In Cesarean Delivery Increase Postoperative Adversities And Related Diseases?, Cheryce Daniel, Kylon Coombs May 2024

Does Esketamine In Cesarean Delivery Increase Postoperative Adversities And Related Diseases?, Cheryce Daniel, Kylon Coombs

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Esketamine has emerged as a promising treatment option, particularly noted for its effectiveness in reducing postpartum depression, alleviating pain, and promoting faster recovery. Despite its therapeutic benefits, recent research has raised concerns regarding potential adverse effects associated with high doses of esketamine in patients. Specifically, there is growing interest in understanding the potential risks linked to the administration of esketamine during cesarean delivery, given its increasing use in obstetric anesthesia.

This comprehensive review aims to investigate the potential associations between the use of esketamine during cesarean delivery and the subsequent risk of related diseases or physiological disorders. The goal is …


Investigating The Efficacy Of Myo-Inositol In Adolescents With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Scoping Review, Mariam Sharobeem May 2024

Investigating The Efficacy Of Myo-Inositol In Adolescents With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Scoping Review, Mariam Sharobeem

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects approximately 6 to 13% of adolescent girls in the United States.6 PCOS poses difficulty with diagnosing and treatment with adolescents as its symptoms are heterogenous and are often rationalized with other diagnoses. Key diagnostic features of PCOS include irregular menstruation, infertility, obesity, hirsutism, increased risk of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, lipid abnormalities and metabolic syndrome.12 Currently, there are no pharmacological therapies approved by the FDA to treat PCOS.5 Alternatives include pharmacological management of symptoms with medications like combined oral contraceptive pills, metformin and anti-obesity agents.6 Recently, more discussion about the lack of PCOS treatment has been …


A Rare Intervention: Perimortem Hysterotomy In An Obstetric Emergency In A 32-Year-Old Female, Alex Mirchandani May 2024

A Rare Intervention: Perimortem Hysterotomy In An Obstetric Emergency In A 32-Year-Old Female, Alex Mirchandani

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

In the realm of obstetric emergencies, perimortem hysterotomy stands as a rare but crucial intervention, employed in dire circumstances to salvage both maternal and fetal lives. This procedure, involving the surgical delivery of a fetus from a mother in cardiac arrest, presents a unique set of challenges and ethical considerations for healthcare providers. This case report delves into the intricate details surrounding a perimortem hysterotomy performed under emergent conditions, exploring the clinical decision-making process, procedural intricacies, and outcomes. Through this narrative, we aim to shed light on the complexities of managing obstetric emergencies, emphasizing the critical role of timely intervention …