Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Diseases Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 13240

Full-Text Articles in Diseases

Longitudinal Association Of Remnant Cholesterol With Joint Arteriosclerosis And Atherosclerosis Progression Beyond Ldl Cholesterol, Zhiyuan Wu, Jinqi Wang, Haiping Zhang, Huiying Pan, Zhiwei Li, Yue Liu, Xinlei Miao, Ze Han, Xiaoping Kang, Xia Li, Xiuhua Guo, Lixin Tao, Wei Wang Dec 2023

Longitudinal Association Of Remnant Cholesterol With Joint Arteriosclerosis And Atherosclerosis Progression Beyond Ldl Cholesterol, Zhiyuan Wu, Jinqi Wang, Haiping Zhang, Huiying Pan, Zhiwei Li, Yue Liu, Xinlei Miao, Ze Han, Xiaoping Kang, Xia Li, Xiuhua Guo, Lixin Tao, Wei Wang

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Background: Arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis are closely related with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Remnant cholesterol (RC) could predict CVD. However, its effect on joint arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis progression remains unclear. This study aims to evaluate the association of RC with joint arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis progression trajectories in the general population. Methods: This study collected data across five biennial surveys of the Beijing Health Management Cohort from 2010 to 2019. Multi-trajectory model was used to determine the joint arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis progression patterns by brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and ankle brachial index (ABI). We also performed discordance analyses for RC vs. …


How Does Apolipoprotein E Genotype Influence The Relationship Between Physical Activity And Alzheimer’S Disease Risk? A Novel Integrative Model, Jaisalmer De Frutos Lucas, Kelsey R. Sewell, Alejandra García-Colomo, Shaun Markovic, Kirk I. Erickson, Belinda M. Brown Dec 2023

How Does Apolipoprotein E Genotype Influence The Relationship Between Physical Activity And Alzheimer’S Disease Risk? A Novel Integrative Model, Jaisalmer De Frutos Lucas, Kelsey R. Sewell, Alejandra García-Colomo, Shaun Markovic, Kirk I. Erickson, Belinda M. Brown

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Background:

Wide evidence suggests that physical activity (PA) confers protection against Alzheimer’s disease (AD). On the other hand, the apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) ε4 allele represents the greatest genetic risk factor for developing AD. Extensive research has been conducted to determine whether frequent PA can mitigate the increased AD risk associated with APOE ε4. However, thus far, these attempts have produced inconclusive results. In this context, one possible explanation could be that the influence of the combined effect of PA and APOE ε4 carriage might be dependent on the specific outcome measure utilised.

Main body:

In …


Potential Of Dietary Flavonoids In The Prevention And Therapy Of Covid-19 : Focusing In Mast Cell - Calcium Ion Channel Axis, Aryo Tedjo Mar 2023

Potential Of Dietary Flavonoids In The Prevention And Therapy Of Covid-19 : Focusing In Mast Cell - Calcium Ion Channel Axis, Aryo Tedjo

Indonesian Journal of Medical Chemistry and Bioinformatics

Syndrome Acute Respiratory Syndrome Corona Virus-2 (SARS COV2) is the virus that causes the COVID19 disease and has caused more than 4 million deaths worldwide. This virus infects the host cell through the interaction between the virus’s glycoprotein S molecule with the ACE2 which is the virus receptor, binding, undergoes membrane fusion and enters the cell and replicates in it. Currently, several strategies used in developing anti-viral compounds are targeting compounds that play a role in the process of entering the virus into host cells such as ACE2, S glycoprotein, and TMPRSS2, while some target main proteases such as RNA …


Accelerometry-Based Analysis Of Postural Sway In Parkinson's Disease Patients With Levodopa-Induced Dyskinesia, Chandler Brock Mar 2023

Accelerometry-Based Analysis Of Postural Sway In Parkinson's Disease Patients With Levodopa-Induced Dyskinesia, Chandler Brock

UNO Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder, with patient numbers projected to double to 12 million in the next 20 years. Levodopa-induced dyskinesia (LID) is a major problem associated with the long-term use of levodopa for symptomatic treatment of PD. These involuntary movements can become disabling and may interfere with quality of life. Our prior research showed that PD w/ LID were less stable while standing (i.e., increased postural sway) and had a higher incidence of falls. The aim of this study is to determine if postural sway properties are altered by LID via decomposing the sway signal. We …


Utilizing Telehealth To Decrease Hospital Readmissions For Heart Failure Patients, Madison Geib, Jo Loomis Mar 2023

Utilizing Telehealth To Decrease Hospital Readmissions For Heart Failure Patients, Madison Geib, Jo Loomis

DNP Qualifying Manuscripts

Abstract

Background: Without proper education, heart failure (HF) is very difficult to manage. A lack of education and proper management of HF can lead to frequent hospital readmissions, decreased quality of life, and early morbidity and mortality.

Objective: Through literature review, this paper aims to identify the benefits of implementing telehealth education for HF patients in order to decrease hospital readmissions.

Methods: A range of relevant articles were analyzed and summarized in this literature review. An extensive literature search was performed and systematic reviews, meta-analyses, critically appraised research studies, qualitative, and peer-reviewed research studies were included.

Results: Ten articles met …


Differentiating Axonal From Demyelinating Neuropathies Using Multiparametric Quantitative Mri Of Peripheral Nerves, Jacob D. Baraz, Stephanie Xuan, Sadaf Saba, Xue Yang, Ryan Castoro, Yang Xuan, Alison Roth, Richard D. Dortch, Jun Li, Yongsheng Chen Mar 2023

Differentiating Axonal From Demyelinating Neuropathies Using Multiparametric Quantitative Mri Of Peripheral Nerves, Jacob D. Baraz, Stephanie Xuan, Sadaf Saba, Xue Yang, Ryan Castoro, Yang Xuan, Alison Roth, Richard D. Dortch, Jun Li, Yongsheng Chen

Medical Student Research Symposium

Objectives: To develop a multiparametric quantitative MRI (qMRI) method to track pathological changes in the peripheral neuropathies.

Background: Irrespective of the causes or types of polyneuropathies, peripheral nerves are mainly afflicted by two kinds of pathologies – axonal loss and demyelination. It is critical to differentiate between the two as treatments are different for the two conditions. While nerve conduction studies (NCS) have been used to differentiate the two pathologies in the distal nerves, there are no tools to probe the pathologies in the proximal peripheral nerves. This is particularly needed when distal nerves become non-responsive in NCS.

Methods: We …


Worse Postoperative Outcomes And Higher Reoperation In Smokers Compared To Nonsmokers For Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair, Susan G. Wager, Spencer Brown, Michael Gaudiani, Joshua P. Castle, Eric Jiang, Vasilios Moutzouros, Eric Makhni, Stephanie J. Muh Mar 2023

Worse Postoperative Outcomes And Higher Reoperation In Smokers Compared To Nonsmokers For Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair, Susan G. Wager, Spencer Brown, Michael Gaudiani, Joshua P. Castle, Eric Jiang, Vasilios Moutzouros, Eric Makhni, Stephanie J. Muh

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction: Smoking impairs healing potential and is a significant risk factor for complications following orthopaedic surgeries. The purpose of this study was to determine if a cohort of former or current smokers at time of surgery met the minimally clinical important difference (MCID) for Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System Upper Extremity (PROMIS-UE), Depression (PROMIS-D), and Pain Interference (PROMIS-PI) scores in comparison to nonsmokers.

Methods: A retrospective review of patients who underwent rotator cuff repair was performed. Patients who completed preoperative and 6-month postoperative PROMIS scores were included. The MCID was calculated using a distribution technique with a threshold of 0.5 …


Longitudinal Associations Between Dietary Fructose And Sodium And Systolic And Diastolic Blood Pressure Among Us Black And White Adults In The Cardia Study, Rana Elhamzawy, Dragana Komnenov, Daniel Domin Mar 2023

Longitudinal Associations Between Dietary Fructose And Sodium And Systolic And Diastolic Blood Pressure Among Us Black And White Adults In The Cardia Study, Rana Elhamzawy, Dragana Komnenov, Daniel Domin

Medical Student Research Symposium

Longitudinal associations between dietary fructose and sodium and systolic and diastolic blood pressure among US Black and White adults in the CARDIA study

Authors: Rana Elhamzawy, Daniel Domin, Dragana Komnenov

Hypertension is one of the leading risk factors for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). Likewise, suboptimal dietary habits, including high fructose and sodium intake, are major contributors to mortality. High dietary fructose alone predisposes to salt-sensitivity of blood pressure, which is an independent, significant cardiovascular risk factor. We previously showed in our rat model of fructose-salt-sensitive hypertension that even a short term (4 weeks) feeding with 20% fructose and 4% …


Topical Anesthetic Gel Interferes With Antibacterial Efficacy Of Povidone-Iodine Both In Vitro And In Vivo, Cecilly Kelleher Bs, Jacob Im Md, Linda Kang Bs, Aleksey Mishulin Md, Sukhvinder Singh Phd, Ashok Kumar Phd Mar 2023

Topical Anesthetic Gel Interferes With Antibacterial Efficacy Of Povidone-Iodine Both In Vitro And In Vivo, Cecilly Kelleher Bs, Jacob Im Md, Linda Kang Bs, Aleksey Mishulin Md, Sukhvinder Singh Phd, Ashok Kumar Phd

Medical Student Research Symposium

Purpose: To evaluate the effects of viscous lidocaine gel on the antimicrobial efficacy of povidone-iodine (PI) and their order of application in both in vitro and in vivo models.

Methods: In vitro antibacterial effects were tested against Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) with disc diffusion methods for application of lidocaine alone, PI alone, PI before lidocaine, and lidocaine before PI. Zones of inhibition were measured after incubation at 37°C overnight. Mouse eyes were colonized with S. aureus for in vivo study to which PI and/or lidocaine were applied in various combinations. Eyes were then rinsed with saline, and …


High Output Heart Failure, A Lethal And Forgotten Cause Of Heart Failure, Neiberg A. Lima Md, Ian Detroyer Bs, Saman Razzaq Md, Oluwale Adegbala Md, Preeti Ramappa Md Mar 2023

High Output Heart Failure, A Lethal And Forgotten Cause Of Heart Failure, Neiberg A. Lima Md, Ian Detroyer Bs, Saman Razzaq Md, Oluwale Adegbala Md, Preeti Ramappa Md

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction

Cardiac output (CO) is usually low or normal in patients with heart failure. However, some patients have a high CO deemed high-output heart failure (HOHF). HOHF is not well characterized and continues to be under-recognized clinically. At the Detroit VA, we conducted a quality improvement project to define the characteristics of this unique patient population, identify predictors and increase awareness of this entity.

Methods

Patients with HOHF were compared to patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and normal CO. HOHF was defined as CO >8 L/minute on right heart catheterization performed between 2008-2021. Retrospective data regarding …


Evaluating The Role Of Lvi As An Indicator For Adverse Outcomes In Patients With Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma And Its Histological Subtypes, Ivan Rakic, Matthew Davis, Nicholas Corsi, Alexander Stephens, Chase Morrison, Sohrab Arora, Taylor Malchow, Akshay Sood, Craig Rogers, Firas Abdollah Mar 2023

Evaluating The Role Of Lvi As An Indicator For Adverse Outcomes In Patients With Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma And Its Histological Subtypes, Ivan Rakic, Matthew Davis, Nicholas Corsi, Alexander Stephens, Chase Morrison, Sohrab Arora, Taylor Malchow, Akshay Sood, Craig Rogers, Firas Abdollah

Medical Student Research Symposium

Lymphvascular invasion (LVI) is recognized as an adverse prognostic factor in many cancers. Our aim is to assess the prognostic ability of LVI in UTUC urothelial carcinoma (UC) and micropapillary urothelial carcinoma (MPUC) subtypes as a predictor of overall survival (OS) using a large North American cohort.

Our cohort included 9750 cM0 UTUC patients who underwent a radical nephroureterectomy (RNU), between 2004 and 2015, within the National Cancer Database (NCDB). The main variable of interest was LVI status, and its interaction with pathological nodal (pN) status. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to estimate the OS. Cox regression analysis tested the impact …


Towards Standardized, Safe And Efficacious Screening Approaches To Patients With Lower Extremity Peripheral Arterial Disease In The Setting Of Lower Extremity Arthroplasty, Zaina N. Khoury, Adam Pearl, Ahmad Hassan, Mohamed Awad, Khaled Saleh Mar 2023

Towards Standardized, Safe And Efficacious Screening Approaches To Patients With Lower Extremity Peripheral Arterial Disease In The Setting Of Lower Extremity Arthroplasty, Zaina N. Khoury, Adam Pearl, Ahmad Hassan, Mohamed Awad, Khaled Saleh

Medical Student Research Symposium

INTRODUCTION: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) impedes recovery from lower extremity arthroplasties (LEA) and increases risk of complications/mortality, yet there aren’t standards for screening PAD patients pre-LEA. This review proposes some.

METHODS: This review searched databases for articles containing relevant terms. Non-English articles, those unrelated to LEA, and duplicates were excluded. Articles were cross-referenced to find other relevant papers for a total of 111.

RESULTS: Up to 49.2% of PAD patients have CAD. Wagner grade III/IV ulcers increase amputations and decrease wound closures. The Wound, Ischemia, and Foot Infection (WIfI) system provides more accurate, and therefore actionable, assessment. Overlooking PAD in …


Discovering And Validating Enriched Signaling Pathways Associated With Organ-Specific Breast Cancer Metastasis, Dawei Chen Mar 2023

Discovering And Validating Enriched Signaling Pathways Associated With Organ-Specific Breast Cancer Metastasis, Dawei Chen

Medical Student Research Symposium

Breast cancer is one of the most prevalent and devastating malignancies in the United States. Owing to its systemic nature and resistance to therapy, metastatic breast cancer is currently considered to be incurable and has a five-year survival rate of 29%. The specific pathways delegating the breast cancer metastatic cascade and tissue-specific breast cancer metastasis has much to explore and offers potential targets for therapeutic intervention. Breast cancer commonly metastasizes to four sites: brain, lung, liver and brain. Each of these sites have niche microenvironments. We hypothesize that unique adaptations and signaling pathways are required for successful metastasis at each …


Factors Associated With Suicide Mortality Among Childbearing-Aged Individuals: A Case-Control Study, Katerina A. Furman, Amy Loree Phd, Leah Hecht Phd, Katerina Furman Md Candidate, Lyuba Gavrilova Bs, Hsueh-Han Yeh Phd, Catherine Frank Md, Brian Ahmedani Phd Mar 2023

Factors Associated With Suicide Mortality Among Childbearing-Aged Individuals: A Case-Control Study, Katerina A. Furman, Amy Loree Phd, Leah Hecht Phd, Katerina Furman Md Candidate, Lyuba Gavrilova Bs, Hsueh-Han Yeh Phd, Catherine Frank Md, Brian Ahmedani Phd

Medical Student Research Symposium

Purpose: Examine pregnancy-related, demographic, psychosocial and healthcare utilization factors among childbearing-aged individuals who were pregnant, postpartum or who experienced pregnancy loss

Methods: Data from nine health care systems in the Mental Health Research Network was included in this sample. A case-control study design was used in which 290 childbearing-age individuals who died by suicide (cases) from 2000-2015 were matched with 10 childbearing-age individuals from the same healthcare system and enrolled during the same time period who did not die by suicide (n=2,900). Conditional logistic regression was used to analyze associations between pregnancy/postpartum/pregnancy loss status and suicide.

Results: …


Multivisceral Transplant Prognosis And Complications In Patients With Metastatic Neuroendocrine Tumor, Austin Mueller, Syed-Mohammed Jafri Mar 2023

Multivisceral Transplant Prognosis And Complications In Patients With Metastatic Neuroendocrine Tumor, Austin Mueller, Syed-Mohammed Jafri

Medical Student Research Symposium

Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are a rare subset of cancers that most commonly arise in the gastrointestinal tract, but can also arise in the pancreas, lungs, ovaries, thyroid, pituitary gland, and adrenal gland. When patients present with metastatic NETs, physicians have a variety of therapeutic options. Considering these options, transplant specialists are often involved due to the profound therapeutic effects of multi-organ transplantation. However, little information is available on prognosis/complications for patients that receive multi-organ transplants due to severe metastatic NETs.

With the incidence of NETs in the United States trending in an upward direction, researchers and physicians must understand the …


A Rare Case Of Deep Vein Thrombosis Secondary To Protein S Deficiency And Antithrombin Iii Deficiency With Mthfr (C677t) Heterozygous Mutation, And Crohn’S Disease, Anusha Garg, Vanama Lakshman Sai, Ankit Singh, Aditi Rao Mar 2023

A Rare Case Of Deep Vein Thrombosis Secondary To Protein S Deficiency And Antithrombin Iii Deficiency With Mthfr (C677t) Heterozygous Mutation, And Crohn’S Disease, Anusha Garg, Vanama Lakshman Sai, Ankit Singh, Aditi Rao

Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine

Deep vein thrombosis is a condition wherein a thrombus develops in the deep veins of the body, most commonly in the legs, due to increasing tendency of the blood to coagulate. One such reason is the MTHFR gene mutation, wherein an increase in homocysteine levels causes irritation of the blood vessel endothelium, causing a disturbance in Virchow’s triad, hence triggering clot formation. [1]

The MTHFR gene is responsible for instructing the body to produce an enzyme called methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase(MTHFR) [2]. MTHFR gene mutations can lead to a wide range of disorders, either as a result of the elevated levels …


Multiple System Atrophy: Case Of Atypicalparkinson With Parkinson Predominant Presentation And Progressive Cerebellar Degeneration With Extrapyramidal And Autonomic Involvement, Aayushi Sharma Mar 2023

Multiple System Atrophy: Case Of Atypicalparkinson With Parkinson Predominant Presentation And Progressive Cerebellar Degeneration With Extrapyramidal And Autonomic Involvement, Aayushi Sharma

Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND

Multiple System Atrophy is a rapidly progressive neurodegenerative disease. Symptoms tend to appear in 50s and advance rapidly over the course of 5-10 years with progressive loss of motor and autonomic function.

Some of the common symptoms include frequent falls with or without tremors and b/l akinetic rigidity with involvement of the axial muscles. Postural tremor, severe stridor and cranio cervical dystonia may be seen. Alpha synnuclenopathies are generally characterized by REM behavioral disorders and severe dysautonomia years before the onset of the disease.

Individuals with MSA typically do not have sustained improvement in their symptoms with levodopa. …


Association Of Physical Activity And Screen Time Usage Of Adolescents In Rural Areas Of Mysore., Aakash Pavan Kumar, Nayanabai Shabadi, Bikram Sinha Roy, Anchu R. Nath, Arun Gopi Mar 2023

Association Of Physical Activity And Screen Time Usage Of Adolescents In Rural Areas Of Mysore., Aakash Pavan Kumar, Nayanabai Shabadi, Bikram Sinha Roy, Anchu R. Nath, Arun Gopi

Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine

Introduction:

In these changing times there have been increased usage of screen device due to more accessibility to both device and the internet and a greater number of children are having reduced physical activity. The purpose of the current study was to determine if screen usage among adolescents (11-17yrs) who live in supportive environments is associated with decreased levels of moderate to vigorous physical activity.

Methods & materials:

A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted in two rural schools of Mysore, Karnataka in February 2023, in 176 students between the age group of 11 – 17yrs. Physical activity and screen …


A Case Of Obstructed Left Diaphragmatic Hernia, Shikha Agarwal Dr. Mar 2023

A Case Of Obstructed Left Diaphragmatic Hernia, Shikha Agarwal Dr.

Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine

Diaphragmatic hernia is protrusion of abdominal viscera into the chest cavity. Most commonly seen due to congenital defects in the diaphragm, hence causing herniation of abdominal contents including stomach, bowel, pancreas, omentum. Acquired diaphragmatic hernia can be secondary to injury to diaphragm. Patient presents with respiratory distress, due to reduced lung expansion. Early correlation with radiological scans is required for appropriate timely management, to prevent further deterioration of condition.


A Case Of Galeazzi Fracture Subluxation Of Left Forearm In Paediatric Age Group, Sauparna Dey Mar 2023

A Case Of Galeazzi Fracture Subluxation Of Left Forearm In Paediatric Age Group, Sauparna Dey

Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine

A case report of a rare form of fracture- Galeazzi fracture subluxation in paediatric age group. Showing post operative progress of the patient, with a discussion on possible methodology of approaching such fractures. Correct management of the fracture is essential for proper healing and avoiding complications.


Biomarker Metabolite Discovery For Pancreatic Cancer Using Machine Learning, Immanuelle Kezia, Linda Erlina, Aryo Tedjo, Fadilah Fadilah Mar 2023

Biomarker Metabolite Discovery For Pancreatic Cancer Using Machine Learning, Immanuelle Kezia, Linda Erlina, Aryo Tedjo, Fadilah Fadilah

Indonesian Journal of Medical Chemistry and Bioinformatics

Pancreatic cancer is one of the deadliest cancers in the world. This cancer is caused by multiple factors and mostly detected at late stadium. Biomarker is a marker that can identify some diseases very specific. For pancreatic cancer, biomarker has been recognized using blood sample known as liquid biopsy, breath, pancreatic secret, and tumor marker CA19-9. Those biomarkers are invasive, so we want to identify the disease using a very convenient method. Metabolite is product from cell metabolism. Metabolites can become a biomarker especially from difficult diseases. In this paper, we want to find biomarker from metabolite using machine learning …


Ttr Amyloidosis: Current State Of Affairs And Promise For The Future, Yevgeniy Brailovsky, Indranee Rajapreyar, Rene Alvarez Mar 2023

Ttr Amyloidosis: Current State Of Affairs And Promise For The Future, Yevgeniy Brailovsky, Indranee Rajapreyar, Rene Alvarez

Division of Cardiology Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


Recurrent Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection: A Case Of Triple Trouble, Sumit Khurana, Jessica Kaushal, Dhruv Markan, John C. Wang, Antony Kaliyadan, Christopher Haas, Amrit Devkota Mar 2023

Recurrent Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection: A Case Of Triple Trouble, Sumit Khurana, Jessica Kaushal, Dhruv Markan, John C. Wang, Antony Kaliyadan, Christopher Haas, Amrit Devkota

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

SCAD (Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection) is a rare disorder which rarely recurs. It is increasingly diagnosed as a cause for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) with limited insight into its pathophysiology and treatment. Lack of randomized trials and consensus guidelines make this a unique and challenging disease to manage. We describe a complex case of recurrent idiopathic SCAD with prior history of NSTE-ACS (Non-ST elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome) and discuss its management based on current clinical practices.


Advancing Health Equity In The Us Military, James D. Mancuso, John Young, Jennifer Rusiecki, Shauna Stahlman, Natasha Schvey, Toya Randolph, Candy Wilson, Catherine Witkop, Patrick Hyde, Althea Green, Patcho Santiago, Donald Shell, Tracy Sbrocco Mar 2023

Advancing Health Equity In The Us Military, James D. Mancuso, John Young, Jennifer Rusiecki, Shauna Stahlman, Natasha Schvey, Toya Randolph, Candy Wilson, Catherine Witkop, Patrick Hyde, Althea Green, Patcho Santiago, Donald Shell, Tracy Sbrocco

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Eliminating health disparities and achieving health equity are central to US national health objectives and the Military Health System’s “quadruple aim,” which has readiness as its core aim. Because military service members enjoy universal eligibility for health care, it is sometimes assumed that health disparities do not exist in the Department of Defense (DoD). However, while some studies have shown that disparities have been attenuated or eliminated in the DoD, others suggest that significant disparities remain. Reasons these disparities may remain include that universal eligibility for care does not necessarily result in equal to access to care, and that equal …


Factors Influencing The Use Of Multiple Hiv Prevention Services Among Transport Workers In A City In Southwestern Uganda, Benjamin Betunga, Phionah Atuhaire, Catherine Nakasiita, Christa Kanyamuneza, Proscovia Namiiro, Joseph Tugume, Matovu Hairat, Ahmed Sarki, Benedicto Mugabi, Birungi Lilian, Richard Mugisha Richard Mugisha, Edward Kumakech, John Baptist Asiimwe Mar 2023

Factors Influencing The Use Of Multiple Hiv Prevention Services Among Transport Workers In A City In Southwestern Uganda, Benjamin Betunga, Phionah Atuhaire, Catherine Nakasiita, Christa Kanyamuneza, Proscovia Namiiro, Joseph Tugume, Matovu Hairat, Ahmed Sarki, Benedicto Mugabi, Birungi Lilian, Richard Mugisha Richard Mugisha, Edward Kumakech, John Baptist Asiimwe

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

The use of multiple HIV prevention services has been found to decrease the risk of acquiring HIV when tailored to individuals at risk of HIV exposure, including transport workers. Therefore, we assessed the uptake of multiple HIV prevention services (≥2) and associated factors among transport workers in a city in Southwestern Uganda. This cross-sectional study comprised motorcycle taxi riders, motor vehicle and truck drivers, aged 18 to 55 years who were selected and responded to an interviewer-administered questionnaire, between November 2021 and February 2022. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistical and modified Poisson regression analyses. Out of 420 participants, 97.6% …


Quantitative Phosphoproteomic Analysis Reveals Unique Camp Signaling Pools Emanating From Ac2 And Ac6 In Human Airway Smooth Muscle Cells, Isabella Cattani-Cavalieri, Yue Li, Jordyn Margolis, Amy S. Bogard, Moom R. Roosan, Rennolds S. Ostrom Feb 2023

Quantitative Phosphoproteomic Analysis Reveals Unique Camp Signaling Pools Emanating From Ac2 And Ac6 In Human Airway Smooth Muscle Cells, Isabella Cattani-Cavalieri, Yue Li, Jordyn Margolis, Amy S. Bogard, Moom R. Roosan, Rennolds S. Ostrom

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Human airway smooth muscle (HASM) is the primary target of ßAR agonists used to control airway hypercontractility in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). ßAR agonists induce the production of cAMP by adenylyl cyclases (ACs), activate PKA and cause bronchodilation. Several other G-protein coupled receptors (GPCR) expressed in human airway smooth muscle cells transduce extracellular signals through cAMP but these receptors elicit different cellular responses. Some G-protein coupled receptors couple to distinct adenylyl cyclases isoforms with different localization, partly explaining this compartmentation, but little is known about the downstream networks that result. We used quantitative phosphoproteomics to define the …


Chronic Kidney Disease Promotes Cerebral Microhemorrhage Formation, Chuo Fang, Wei Ling Lau, Jiahong Sun, Rudy Chang, Adrian Vallejo, Donghy Lee, Jihua Liu, Han Liu, Yu-Han Hung, Yitong Zhao, Annlia Paganini-Hill, Rachita K. Sumbria, David H. Cribbs, Mark J. Fisher Feb 2023

Chronic Kidney Disease Promotes Cerebral Microhemorrhage Formation, Chuo Fang, Wei Ling Lau, Jiahong Sun, Rudy Chang, Adrian Vallejo, Donghy Lee, Jihua Liu, Han Liu, Yu-Han Hung, Yitong Zhao, Annlia Paganini-Hill, Rachita K. Sumbria, David H. Cribbs, Mark J. Fisher

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasingly recognized as a stroke risk factor, but its exact relationship with cerebrovascular disease is not well-understood. We investigated the development of cerebral small vessel disease using in vivo and in vitro models of CKD.

Methods

CKD was produced in aged C57BL/6J mice using an adenine-induced tubulointerstitial nephritis model. We analyzed brain histology using Prussian blue staining to examine formation of cerebral microhemorrhage (CMH), the hemorrhagic component of small vessel disease and the neuropathological substrate of MRI-demonstrable cerebral microbleeds. In cell culture studies, we examined effects of serum from healthy or CKD patients and …


From Tuberculosis Bedside To Bench: Ube2b Splicing As A Potential Biomarker And Its Regulatory Mechanism, Mengyuan Lyu, Jian Zhou, Yanbing Zhou, Weelic Chong, Wei Xu, Hongli Lai, Lu Niu, Yang Hai, Xiaojun Yao, Sheng Gong, Qinglan Wang, Yi Chen, Yili Wang, Liyu Chen, Ganzi People's Hospital, Jiongjiong Zeng, Chengdi Wang, Binwu Ying Feb 2023

From Tuberculosis Bedside To Bench: Ube2b Splicing As A Potential Biomarker And Its Regulatory Mechanism, Mengyuan Lyu, Jian Zhou, Yanbing Zhou, Weelic Chong, Wei Xu, Hongli Lai, Lu Niu, Yang Hai, Xiaojun Yao, Sheng Gong, Qinglan Wang, Yi Chen, Yili Wang, Liyu Chen, Ganzi People's Hospital, Jiongjiong Zeng, Chengdi Wang, Binwu Ying

Student Papers & Posters

Alternative splicing (AS) is an important approach for pathogens and hosts to remodel transcriptome. However, tuberculosis (TB)-related AS has not been sufficiently explored. Here we presented the first landscape of TB-related AS by long-read sequencing, and screened four AS events (S100A8-intron1-retention intron, RPS20-exon1-alternaitve promoter, KIF13B-exon4-skipping exon (SE) and UBE2B-exon7-SE) as potential biomarkers in an in-house cohort-1. The validations in an in-house cohort-2 (2274 samples) and public datasets (1557 samples) indicated that the latter three AS events are potential promising biomarkers for TB diagnosis, but not for TB progression and prognosis. The excellent performance of classifiers further underscored the diagnostic value …


Intellectual Disability Related To De Novo Germline Loss Of The Distal End Of The P-Arm Of Chromosome 17: A Case Report, Eden Pope, Matthew Huertas, Amar Paul, Braden Cunningham, Matthew Jennings, Ryan Perry, Stephanie Chavez, John A. Kriak, Kyle B. Bills, David W. Sant Feb 2023

Intellectual Disability Related To De Novo Germline Loss Of The Distal End Of The P-Arm Of Chromosome 17: A Case Report, Eden Pope, Matthew Huertas, Amar Paul, Braden Cunningham, Matthew Jennings, Ryan Perry, Stephanie Chavez, John A. Kriak, Kyle B. Bills, David W. Sant

Annual Research Symposium

Hypothesis/Purpose: In this report we present a case of a 20-year-old female with congenital intellectual disability, stunted growth, and hypothyroidism. Competitive genetic hybridization (CHG) revealed a loss of 17p13.3, and the deletion was not present in either parent. This deletion has not previously been characterized, but mutations on the p-arm of chromosome 17 are responsible for Miller-Dieker Syndrome and Isolated Lissencephaly Sequence, both of which share symptoms in common with the patient.

Methods: Peripheral mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were used for karyotyping and competitive genetic hybridization (CHG). Bioinformatic analysis was carried out using the Genome Data Viewer (ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genome/gdv).

Results: Karyotype was …


Prevention Of Doxorubicin-Induced Cardiotoxicity By A Coumestan Analogue, Psoralidin, Mujtaba H. Shah, Myia Aiges, Kota V. Ramana Feb 2023

Prevention Of Doxorubicin-Induced Cardiotoxicity By A Coumestan Analogue, Psoralidin, Mujtaba H. Shah, Myia Aiges, Kota V. Ramana

Annual Research Symposium

Natural phenolic compound Psoralidin limits cardiotoxicity associated with Doxorubicin