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Full-Text Articles in Anatomy

What Did We Learn About Vads In 2022?, Maya Guglin Jan 2023

What Did We Learn About Vads In 2022?, Maya Guglin

The VAD Journal

This is our 9th annual literature review on mechanical circulatory support devices. Our previous reports were well received by the readers.

In this paper, we summarized the most interesting and important, from our standpoint, publications from 2022. There may be some slight overlap with the end of 2021 because some papers were published online first, and the year of the publication changed when they became available in print.

For the sixth time, we wrote a section on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) which primarily addresses new developments in veno-arterial ECMO.

Readers who wish to supplement this review, argue with the …


3d Printed Coronary Arteries: A Useful Tool In Anatomical Education, Zachary Pang, Shreyas Chandragiri, Alexander Hajduczok, Md, Zachary Mace, Jesse Ottaway, Cannon Greco Hiranaka, Michael Wong, Tammy Yoshioka, Noah Haroian, Md, Pharmd, Guiyun Zhang, Md, Phd Jan 2023

3d Printed Coronary Arteries: A Useful Tool In Anatomical Education, Zachary Pang, Shreyas Chandragiri, Alexander Hajduczok, Md, Zachary Mace, Jesse Ottaway, Cannon Greco Hiranaka, Michael Wong, Tammy Yoshioka, Noah Haroian, Md, Pharmd, Guiyun Zhang, Md, Phd

Department of Medical Education Posters

Introduction

Learning 3D anatomy from 2D figures can be challenging. The use of 3D printing in medical education has shown to improve knowledge and skill in surgical training(1). We investigated the efficacy of 3D printed coronary artery models in teaching coronary anatomy to medical students.


Impact Of Perioperative Dexamethasone On Hospital Length Of Stay And Glycemic Control In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Undergoing Total Hip Arthroplasty, Vanessa Williams, Mohammad J. Uddin Ansari, Amruta Jaju, Stacey Ward, Daniel O'Keefe, Jumana Abdelkarim, Nicole Montes, Ula Tarabichi, Albert Botchway, Michael G. Jakoby Iv Jan 2023

Impact Of Perioperative Dexamethasone On Hospital Length Of Stay And Glycemic Control In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Undergoing Total Hip Arthroplasty, Vanessa Williams, Mohammad J. Uddin Ansari, Amruta Jaju, Stacey Ward, Daniel O'Keefe, Jumana Abdelkarim, Nicole Montes, Ula Tarabichi, Albert Botchway, Michael G. Jakoby Iv

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate effects of perioperative dexamethasone on hospital length of stay (LOS) and glycemic control for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA).

Methods: We performed retrospective case review of THA performed in adults (≥ 18 years old) with type 2 diabetes at Springfield Memorial Hospital (Springfield, IL) immediately before (2013), during (2014), and after (2015) publication of consensus guidelines for use of perioperative dexamethasone. Hospital LOS was the primary endpoint. Capillary blood glucose by hospital day, proportion of patients treated with insulin, and median insulin dose by hospital day …


Relationship Of Abdominal Circumference And Trunk Length With Spinal Anesthesia Block Height In Geriatric Patients Undergoing Transurethral Resection Of Prostate, Muhammad Yahya, Aliya Ahmed, Iayla Fatima, Muhammad Nasir Jan 2023

Relationship Of Abdominal Circumference And Trunk Length With Spinal Anesthesia Block Height In Geriatric Patients Undergoing Transurethral Resection Of Prostate, Muhammad Yahya, Aliya Ahmed, Iayla Fatima, Muhammad Nasir

Department of Anaesthesia

Introduction: Spinal anesthesia is commonly used for various surgical procedures. Prediction of spinal anesthesia block height is always a challenging task for anesthetists. Higher than desired levels of spinal anesthesia blocks are associated with serious side effects, while inadequate block height does not provide satisfactory surgical anesthesia. In this study, we observed the relationship between the ratio of trunk length (TL) and square of the abdominal circumference (AC2) and spinal anesthesia sensory block height in geriatric patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP).
Material & Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted at the Aga Khan University …


Pre–Post Intervention Exploring Cognitive Function And Relationships With Weight Loss, Intervention Adherence And Dropout, Amanda N. Szabo-Reed, Laura E. Martin, Cary R. Savage, Richard A. Washburn, Joseph E. Donnelley Jan 2023

Pre–Post Intervention Exploring Cognitive Function And Relationships With Weight Loss, Intervention Adherence And Dropout, Amanda N. Szabo-Reed, Laura E. Martin, Cary R. Savage, Richard A. Washburn, Joseph E. Donnelley

Center for Brain, Biology and Behavior: Papers & Publications

Objective: To evaluate the association between baseline cognitive function, intervention dropout, adherence and 3-month weight loss (WL) when controlling for confounding demographic variables.

Methods: 107 (Mage = 40.9 yrs.), BMI in the overweight and obese range (BMI = 35.6 kg/m2), men (N = 17) and women (N = 90) completed a 3-month WL intervention. Participants attended weekly behavioral sessions, comply with a reduced calorie diet, and complete 100 min of physical activity (PA)/wk. Cognitive function tasks at baseline included Flanker (attention), Stroop (executive control) and working memory, demographics, body weight and cardiovascular fitness were assessed at baseline. Session attendance, adherence …


Higher Sexual Excitation Is Associated With An Increase In Sex-Linked Substance Use In Women With A History Of Unwanted Sexual Contact, Harper R. Jones, Tierney K. Lorenz Jan 2023

Higher Sexual Excitation Is Associated With An Increase In Sex-Linked Substance Use In Women With A History Of Unwanted Sexual Contact, Harper R. Jones, Tierney K. Lorenz

Center for Brain, Biology and Behavior: Papers & Publications

Survivors of unwanted sexual contact have an increased likelihood of using substances in sexual situations, which puts them at heightened risk for intoxication-related harms. Separately, research has indicated that women may intentionally use substances in sexual situations to either enhance pleasure (i.e., increase sexual excitation) and/or reduce sexual anxiety or shame (i.e., reduce sexual inhibition), a phenomenon termed sex-linked substance use (SLSU). A predominant assumption in the literature is that women with unwanted sex histories are more likely to disengage during sex, suggesting greater inhibition-related SLSU; however, there is little prior research directly examining if women who have unwanted sex …


Exploring The Experience Of Entry-Level Occupational Therapy Doctoral Students On The Use Of Anatomage® Table To Learn Anatomy – A Survey, Karthik Mani, Amber B. Armstead, Lima Ghulmi, Flor Nunez, Amy Boyd Jan 2023

Exploring The Experience Of Entry-Level Occupational Therapy Doctoral Students On The Use Of Anatomage® Table To Learn Anatomy – A Survey, Karthik Mani, Amber B. Armstead, Lima Ghulmi, Flor Nunez, Amy Boyd

Journal of Occupational Therapy Education

Technology has transformed health science education delivery over the past decade. Students in all health science disciplines must learn and master anatomy to be successful in their education and career. Several virtual resources are available to learn anatomy. The University of Texas Medical Branch introduced Anatomage Table to its entry-level occupational therapy doctoral (OTD) students in 2021 to supplement anatomy learning. As students’ usage of educational technology depends on perceived usefulness, user-friendliness, and positive user experience, this study explored the experiences and perceptions of the students regarding the use of Anatomage Tables to learn anatomy. Students in the class of …


Three-Dimensional Evaluation Of The Mandibular Lingula On Cone-Beam Computed Tomographic Images In The Turkish Population, Zerrin Unal Erzurumlu, Damla Torul Dec 2022

Three-Dimensional Evaluation Of The Mandibular Lingula On Cone-Beam Computed Tomographic Images In The Turkish Population, Zerrin Unal Erzurumlu, Damla Torul

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: The purpose of this study was to provide morphometric and anatomical data for mandibular lingula (Li) in The Turkish population using three dimensional-cone beam computed tomography (3D-CBCT) images. Methods: CBCT images of the patients taken between July 2020 and March 2021, were retrieved from the archival records. A total of 100 Li’s of 50 patients who met the criteria of this study were evaluated. The distances between the tip of the Li and ramal landmarks/occlusal plane were measured and the shape of the Li was evaluated on 3D-CBCT images. Results: CBCT images of the 50 patients (19 males and …


Clinicodemographic And Laboratory Characteristics Of Cutaneous Tuberculosis At Tertiary Referral Hospital In West Java, Indonesia, Anisa Sediadini, Hendra Gunawan, Risa Miliawati Nurul Hidayah Dec 2022

Clinicodemographic And Laboratory Characteristics Of Cutaneous Tuberculosis At Tertiary Referral Hospital In West Java, Indonesia, Anisa Sediadini, Hendra Gunawan, Risa Miliawati Nurul Hidayah

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Cutaneous tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease affecting the skin caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis). It constitutes 1–1.5% of extrapulmonary TB, with Indonesia being the third-highest TB burden country worldwide. Cutaneous TB is difficult to diagnose due to its varied presentations. This study aimed to describe the clinicodemographic and laboratory characteristics of cutaneous TB in a tertiary referral hospital in West Java, Indonesia.

Methods: This was a descriptive retrospective cross-sectional study. Data were obtained from the medical record of patients with cutaneous TB in the Tropical Dermatology Clinic of Hasan Sadikin Hospital Bandung, West Java, …


Clinicodemographic Characteristics Of Cutaneous Larva Migrans: A 10-Year Study In Tertiary Referral Hospital-West Java, Indonesia, Tuesi Fredella Avissa, Hendra Gunawan, Risa Miliawati Nurul Hidayah Dec 2022

Clinicodemographic Characteristics Of Cutaneous Larva Migrans: A 10-Year Study In Tertiary Referral Hospital-West Java, Indonesia, Tuesi Fredella Avissa, Hendra Gunawan, Risa Miliawati Nurul Hidayah

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) is the most common helminthic dermatosis caused by animal hookworm, commonly reported in tropical and subtropical regions. Most studies are on travellers returning from endemic areas, paradoxically very few reports in endemic countries, including Indonesia, where they mostly take place. This study aimed to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of CLM patients for 10 years in a tertiary referral hospital in West Java, Indonesia.

Methods: This was a descriptive retrospective cross-sectional study. The data were obtained from the medical record of patients who was diagnosed as CLM in Tropical Dermatology Clinic Hasan …


A Case Of Longitudinal Melanonychia In A Child: Benign Or Malignant?, Heffi Anindya Putri, Ennesta Asri, Qaira Anum Dec 2022

A Case Of Longitudinal Melanonychia In A Child: Benign Or Malignant?, Heffi Anindya Putri, Ennesta Asri, Qaira Anum

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Longitudinal melanonychia (LM) describes a longitudinal brown-to-black band of discoloration affecting a finger, thumb, or toenail. Discoloration of the nails can be a sign of benign or malignant nail disorders. Although nail melanoma rarely occurs in children, health practitioners should be aware of melanonychia. Dermoscopy and histopathology are helpful in the diagnosis.

Case Illustration: A case of LM in a thirteen-year-old girl was reported with a complaint of brownish-black discoloration, sometimes painful, on her right thumb since 1 year ago. She had no history of trauma, nail damage, or bleeding tendency. Dermatological examination found a homogeneous brownish-black …


Haircare Practice And Dandruff Problems Among Indonesian Medical Students, Jessica Rosemary Wikanto, Lorettha Wijaya, Yunisa Astiarani, Regina Regina Dec 2022

Haircare Practice And Dandruff Problems Among Indonesian Medical Students, Jessica Rosemary Wikanto, Lorettha Wijaya, Yunisa Astiarani, Regina Regina

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Dandruff is an understated hair and scalp problem that causes striking social and concentration issues among medical students. Haircare practice among them may or may not be related to the dandruff incident.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 74 pre-clinical medical students at Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia. Trained health staff assessed dandruff prevalence by physical examination, and the haircare practice was measured using a questionnaire. Bivariate analysis was utilized to assess the association between haircare practice and dandruff prevalence’s.

Result: Among respondents, 85.1% of them have dandruff. Respondents who shampooed less than five …


Torch Re-Activation Concomitant With Drug-Induced Hypersensitivity Syndrome Shows Erythema Multiforme-Like And Vasculitis Clinical Features, Windy Keumala Budianti, Rahadi Rihatmadja, Izzah Aulia, Isaak Effendy Dec 2022

Torch Re-Activation Concomitant With Drug-Induced Hypersensitivity Syndrome Shows Erythema Multiforme-Like And Vasculitis Clinical Features, Windy Keumala Budianti, Rahadi Rihatmadja, Izzah Aulia, Isaak Effendy

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DIHS) can be associated with cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, besides induced by drugs. We report a case of DIHS with prolonged atypical clinical features and vasculitis precipitated by drug allergy, CMV, and other viral infections.

Case illustration: A 54-year-old female presented with generalized follicular erythematous papules and waxy palmoplantar keratoderma since one month before admission. The symptoms started as a purpuric lesion on the upper extremities, spreading as erythematous papules on the trunk with facial edema, accompanied by fever and chronic cough. She had been previously treated with ambroxol and cephalosporin. Cutaneous drug allergy reaction …


The Difference In Transepidermal Water Loss (Tewl) Values Between Sun-Exposed And Non-Sun-Exposed Skin Among Male Medical Students, Ihsany Arafiasetyanto Prihadi, Endra Yustin Ellistasari, Arie Kusumawardani Dec 2022

The Difference In Transepidermal Water Loss (Tewl) Values Between Sun-Exposed And Non-Sun-Exposed Skin Among Male Medical Students, Ihsany Arafiasetyanto Prihadi, Endra Yustin Ellistasari, Arie Kusumawardani

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Transepidermal Water Loss (TEWL) is the amount of water released from the human body into the atmosphere through a diffusion process per unit of time. Changes in TEWL indicate impaired skin barrier function. Exposure to ultraviolet light for an extended period can cause photoaging, characterized by rough and dry skin (xerosis cutis). TEWL will increase significantly in the skin exposed to ultraviolet radiation. This study aims to determine the difference in the TEWL values among male medical students in the sun-exposed and non-sun-exposed skin areas.

Methods: An analytical observational cross-sectional study was conducted at the Dermatology and …


Risk Factors For Hiv-Positive Status In Condyloma Acuminata, Izazi Hari Purwoko, Putri Laksmi Karim, Suroso Adi Nugroho, Theresia Toruan, Fitriani . Dec 2022

Risk Factors For Hiv-Positive Status In Condyloma Acuminata, Izazi Hari Purwoko, Putri Laksmi Karim, Suroso Adi Nugroho, Theresia Toruan, Fitriani .

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Condyloma acuminata (CA) is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), especially types 6 and 11. The number of HPV infections increases in immunosuppressed conditions, such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Risk factors in CA patients such as gender, sexual partner, sexual orientation, and sexual intercourse can increase HIV status.

Methods: This is a descriptive-analytic study with a cohort retrospective design. The subjects are all CA patients who visited the polyclinic STI Dr. Mohammad Hoesin, General Hospital, Palembang, Indonesia, between 2016-2020. The number of CA patients included in the study were 115 patients …


Correlation Between Serum 25 Hydroxy-Vitamin D Levels And The Worst Pain Intensity In Postherpetic Neuralgia, Wizar Putri Mellaratna, Nelva K. Jusuf, Ariyati Yosi Dec 2022

Correlation Between Serum 25 Hydroxy-Vitamin D Levels And The Worst Pain Intensity In Postherpetic Neuralgia, Wizar Putri Mellaratna, Nelva K. Jusuf, Ariyati Yosi

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is persistent pain in the affected dermatome that occurs more than three months after the eruption of the herpes zoster has disappeared. Vitamin D has a role in Schwann cell regeneration and stimulates the release of nerve growth factors.

Methods: Blood sampling was performed to test serum 25(OH)D levels. Patients filled out their worst pain intensity using the Zoster Brief Pain Inventory questionnaire. The score was reported in Likert score (0-10), 0 indicating no pain and 10 indicating the most severe pain. Spearman correlation test was used, and p 0.05) and PHN durations (p …


Seborrheic Keratosis Profile At Dr. Hasan Sadikin Central General Hospital Bandung 2015-2019, Eva Krishna Sutedja, Resti Gradia, Tri Aswila Latifah Dec 2022

Seborrheic Keratosis Profile At Dr. Hasan Sadikin Central General Hospital Bandung 2015-2019, Eva Krishna Sutedja, Resti Gradia, Tri Aswila Latifah

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Seborrheic keratosis (SK) is adults’ most prevalent benign skin tumor. SK originates from the proliferation of keratinocyte cells with varying morphology and degree of pigmentation. The lesions often resemble other types of malignancy. There are still many discrepancies in SK in Indonesia; hence, SK needs further understanding. This study aimed to describe the profile of seborrheic keratosis cases based on age, sex, location of lesions, and therapy at Dr. Hasan Sadikin Central General Hospital, Bandung, for five years

Methods: This was a retrospective descriptive study with total sampling. Secondary data were collected from medical records of SK …


Therapies For Mitochondrial Disorders, Kayli Sousa Smyth, Anne Mulvihill Dec 2022

Therapies For Mitochondrial Disorders, Kayli Sousa Smyth, Anne Mulvihill

SURE_J: Science Undergraduate Research Journal

Mitochondria are cytoplasmic, double-membrane organelles that synthesise adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Mitochondria contain their own genome, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), which is maternally inherited from the oocyte. Mitochondrial proteins are encoded by either nuclear DNA (nDNA) or mtDNA, and both code for proteins forming the mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) complexes of the respiratory chain. These complexes form a chain that allows the passage of electrons down the electron transport chain (ETC) through a proton motive force, creating ATP from adenosine diphosphate (ADP). This study aims to explore current and prospective therapies for mitochondrial disorders (MTDS). MTDS are clinical syndromes coupled with abnormalities …


Review Of The Life And Legend Of Catterina Vizzani: Sexual Identity, Science And Sensationalism In Eighteenth-Century Italy And England, By Clorinda Donato, Ula E. Lukszo Klein Dec 2022

Review Of The Life And Legend Of Catterina Vizzani: Sexual Identity, Science And Sensationalism In Eighteenth-Century Italy And England, By Clorinda Donato, Ula E. Lukszo Klein

ABO: Interactive Journal for Women in the Arts, 1640-1830

Review of The Life and Legend of Catterina Vizzani: Sexual Identity, Science and Sensationalism in Eighteenth-Century Italy and England, by Clorinda Donato, written by Ula Lukszo Klein. Oxford University Studies in the Enlightenment, Liverpool University Press, 2020, 347 pp., 3 b/w images. ISBN: 978-1-789-62221-8


Comparing Student Perceptions In Traditional And Online Anatomy & Physiology Courses At The Community College Level, Benjamin Curtis Wright Dec 2022

Comparing Student Perceptions In Traditional And Online Anatomy & Physiology Courses At The Community College Level, Benjamin Curtis Wright

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

This paper is intended to compare student perceptions of learning environments within anatomy & physiology I and II courses at the community college level. Literature suggests that student perceptions vary depending on the learning environment. The purpose of this study stems from very little research within science courses. Students participating in the research will be grouped into two categories based on the type, of course, they are completing: A traditional face-to-face course or a distance education course. All learning materials within the courses are identical. The Distance Education Learning Environments Survey (DELES) will be used to gather data on student …


Use Of Integrated Clinical Scenarios In Neuroanatomy Laboratory Sessions A Strategy To Foster Students’ Learning, Ahmed Yaqinuddin, Amna Siddiqui, Muhammad Faisal Ikram, Junaid Kashir Dec 2022

Use Of Integrated Clinical Scenarios In Neuroanatomy Laboratory Sessions A Strategy To Foster Students’ Learning, Ahmed Yaqinuddin, Amna Siddiqui, Muhammad Faisal Ikram, Junaid Kashir

International Journal of Health and Allied Sciences

Objective: Combinations of various teaching strategies have been employed to enhance neuroanatomy teaching, to little success. Herein, we describe the use of integrated clinical scenarios in anatomy laboratory sessions as an educational strategy to improve the learning process for students undertaking neuroscience course. Methods: We assessed the perception and performance of students who utilised the integrated clinical resources in the neuroanatomy labs. We also compared the performance of the students on their neuroscience course with the performance of the previous year's students (who did not use the clinical scenarios). Results: A total of (130) 88% of the registered student both …


Intercellular Communication Via Gap Junctions Influences Cell Survival During Hypoxia, Lauren E. Harmon, David L. Geenen Dec 2022

Intercellular Communication Via Gap Junctions Influences Cell Survival During Hypoxia, Lauren E. Harmon, David L. Geenen

Student Summer Scholars Manuscripts

Stem cell therapy can be beneficial following myocardial infarction. However, when murine bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (mBM-MSCs) are injected into the ischemic area, a large percentage of these cells undergo apoptosis resulting in decreased therapeutic benefits. We hypothesize that the loss of these mBM-MSCs is regulated by intercellular channels or gap junctions (GJs) that provide apoptotic signals passed between ischemic cardiomyocytes and mBM-MSCs. Our research aims to attenuate these GJs by suppressing Connexin-43 (Cx43) expression, the predominant channel-forming protein. We will accomplish this by transiently transfecting a Cx43 siRNA into mBM-MSCs. Our data demonstrate that intracellular fluorescent dyes and …


Preventing Clabsi In Bedside Nursing, Ashlyn Winegarner Dec 2022

Preventing Clabsi In Bedside Nursing, Ashlyn Winegarner

Symposium of Student Scholars

Abstract

Central line associated blood stream infections, better known as CLASBIs, are a prominent problem in the hospital setting. Due to the direct connection between the blood stream and the outside world, these catheters are at great risk for growing infections that can spread to the bloodstream within hours. Research has been done on how compliant registered nurses are in regards to keeping these catheters sterile. A survey was conducted on one hundred and seventy-one nurses that concluded only seventy percent of the nurses were compliant in following the proper central line protocol. Another study was performed that introduced five …


Effects And Outcomes Of Different Laboring Positions And The Influence From Societal Norms, Amberlyn Heskett Dec 2022

Effects And Outcomes Of Different Laboring Positions And The Influence From Societal Norms, Amberlyn Heskett

Nursing | Senior Theses

Background

Within labor and delivery, every birth is different. Alarmingly, the U.S. has the highest maternal mortality rate, including death during labor, among developed countries (World Health Organization, 2022). Many maternal deaths may be preventable.

In the U.S., the use of forceps, vacuum-assisted birth, episiotomies, and emergency C-sections are common for women during childbirth. Even though some laboring positions may assist birthing more than others, there often is resistance to allowing various positions due to outside influences, including societal norms, hospital management, and healthcare professional training. Women in labor are vulnerable and look to their nurses for support during the …


Pilot Testing A Survey To Evaluate Horse Owner And Trainer Perceptions Of The Importance And Ideality Of Equine Hoof Balance, Katherine Gilmore Dec 2022

Pilot Testing A Survey To Evaluate Horse Owner And Trainer Perceptions Of The Importance And Ideality Of Equine Hoof Balance, Katherine Gilmore

Animal Science Undergraduate Honors Theses

Balance plays an integral role in the healthy equine hoof, yet there is a significant deficiency of research investigating horse owner and trainer knowledge of hoof balance. This study aimed to pilot test an online survey instrument evaluating horse owner and trainer perceptions of proper hoof care and balance. The survey instrument sought to collect demographic information of horse owners and trainers, determine horse owners’ and trainers’ abilities to identify ideally balanced equine forehooves, and assess horse owner and trainer knowledge of best hoof trimming and shoeing practices. Ninety-one horse owners and trainers with facilities that were within a 150-mile …


Intra-Skeletal Variation In Stable Isotopes Through Non-Destructive Approaches: Applications Of The Patterns Of Skeletal Remodeling To Biological Anthropology, Armando Anzellini Dec 2022

Intra-Skeletal Variation In Stable Isotopes Through Non-Destructive Approaches: Applications Of The Patterns Of Skeletal Remodeling To Biological Anthropology, Armando Anzellini

Doctoral Dissertations

Stable isotope analysis is a well-established method in biological anthropology used to deliver data on residence, diet, and life history. Samples for these analyses are often collected from the diaphyses of long bones with an assumption of an expected rate of turnover between five and ten years, depending on the skeletal element. However, the biological foundations of this assumption are still uncertain, especially concerning the intra-skeletal and intra-element variation of isotopic signatures that may relate to patterns of remodeling. Exploring these gaps in intra-element isotopic variation requires fine-grained work using multiple bones from multiple individuals, but such work is limited …


Anticancer Effect Of Illicium Verum (Star Anise Fruit) Against Human Breast Cancer Mcf-7 Cell Line, Asra Khan Pahore, Shagufta Khan, Nasim Karim Dec 2022

Anticancer Effect Of Illicium Verum (Star Anise Fruit) Against Human Breast Cancer Mcf-7 Cell Line, Asra Khan Pahore, Shagufta Khan, Nasim Karim

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Objective: To investigate the anticancer effect of Illicium verum against human breast cancer MCF-7 cell line.
Methods: An experimental study was conducted in Multidisciplinary and Tissue Culture Laboratory, Aga Khan University in collaboration with Pharmacology Department of Bahria University Medical and Dental College, Karachi, Pakistan from January 2021 to June 2021. MCF-7 cells of Luminal-A breast cancer were seeded in 96-well plate and treated with I.verum methanol extract. After incubation, MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) dye was used for cell viability and cell proliferation assays to determine the number of dead and viable cells, and the absorbance was measured using an enzyme-linked …


Amplification Of The Plag-Family Genes-Plagl1 And Plagl2-Is A Key Feature Of The Novel Tumor Type Cns Embryonal Tumor With Plagl Amplification, Michaela-Kristina Keck, Martin Sill, Andrea Wittmann, Piyush Joshi, Damian Stichel, Pengbo Beck, Konstantin Okonechnikow, Philipp Sievers, Annika K. Wefers, Nasir Uddin Nov 2022

Amplification Of The Plag-Family Genes-Plagl1 And Plagl2-Is A Key Feature Of The Novel Tumor Type Cns Embryonal Tumor With Plagl Amplification, Michaela-Kristina Keck, Martin Sill, Andrea Wittmann, Piyush Joshi, Damian Stichel, Pengbo Beck, Konstantin Okonechnikow, Philipp Sievers, Annika K. Wefers, Nasir Uddin

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Pediatric central nervous system (CNS) tumors represent the most common cause of cancer-related death in children aged 0-14 years. They differ from their adult counterparts, showing extensive clinical and molecular heterogeneity as well as a challenging histopathological spectrum that often impairs accurate diagnosis. Here, we use DNA methylation-based CNS tumor classification in combination with copy number, RNA-seq, and ChIP-seq analysis to characterize a newly identified CNS tumor type. In addition, we report histology, patient characteristics, and survival data in this tumor type. We describe a biologically distinct pediatric CNS tumor type (n = 31 cases) that is characterized by focal …


Predicting Left Ventricular Assist Device Outcomes Utilizing The Stanford Integrated Psychosocial Assessment For Transplant Measure, Nicholas Chesher, Kristina L. Greenwood, Candace Fanale, Cody Gustaveson, Brian Jaski, Hirsch S. Mehta, Peter Hoagland, Kristine Ortiz, Marc Verlasky, Robert Adamson, Walter Dembitsky Nov 2022

Predicting Left Ventricular Assist Device Outcomes Utilizing The Stanford Integrated Psychosocial Assessment For Transplant Measure, Nicholas Chesher, Kristina L. Greenwood, Candace Fanale, Cody Gustaveson, Brian Jaski, Hirsch S. Mehta, Peter Hoagland, Kristine Ortiz, Marc Verlasky, Robert Adamson, Walter Dembitsky

The VAD Journal

Objective: Durable mechanical circulatory support is a proven therapy to extend survival for patients with end-stage heart failure (HF). The International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation guidelines recommend a detailed psychosocial assessment when selecting candidates for durable mechanical circulatory support. Currently, there are no formally validated psychosocial evaluation tools for left ventricular assist device (LVAD) candidacy. The Stanford Integrated Psychosocial Assessment for Transplantation (SIPAT) uses a multidisciplinary algorithm to evaluate the impact of pre-transplant risk factors on post-transplant outcomes. Emerging literature suggests that the SIPAT might be useful for assessing psychosocial risk factors for LVAD outcomes.

Methods: A total …


Left Atrial Veno-Arterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (Lava-Ecmo): Percutaneous Bi-Atrial Drainage To Avoid Pulmonary Edema In A Patient With Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction, Kenneth R. Dulnuan, Joseph B. Zwischenberger, John G. Gurley, Maya Guglin Nov 2022

Left Atrial Veno-Arterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (Lava-Ecmo): Percutaneous Bi-Atrial Drainage To Avoid Pulmonary Edema In A Patient With Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction, Kenneth R. Dulnuan, Joseph B. Zwischenberger, John G. Gurley, Maya Guglin

The VAD Journal

Veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (V-A ECMO) is used in patients with severe cardiogenic shock refractory to medical therapy. During V-A ECMO, retrograde flow in the aorta towards the left ventricle (LV) causes increased left-sided filling pressures, which may lead to pulmonary edema. Different strategies have been proposed to decompress the left heart, including placement of an intraaortic balloon pump (IABP), Impella® (Abiomed), or TandemHeart® (Cardiac Assist). Percutaneous decompression of the left atrium via placement of a transseptal cannula incorporated into the existing venous limb had also been previously done. We describe the novel use of the VFEM venous femoral cannula …