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Articles 1 - 30 of 185

Full-Text Articles in Surgical Procedures, Operative

Mechanical Pleurodesis Is Not A Contraindication To Lung Transplantation, Alexa Thibodeau Feb 2018

Mechanical Pleurodesis Is Not A Contraindication To Lung Transplantation, Alexa Thibodeau

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Shigemura N, Bhama J, Gries CJ, et al. Lung transplantation in patients with prior cardiothoracic surgical procedures. American Journal of Transplantation. 2012;12(5):1249-1255. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-6143.2011.03946.x


Administering Dexamethasone Prior To Peripheral Nerve Blocks, Jacob Millwood Dec 2017

Administering Dexamethasone Prior To Peripheral Nerve Blocks, Jacob Millwood

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

Post-operative pain creates burdens for the patient and their family members while also drastically increasing the price of cost to the healthcare system. The Institute of Medicine Committee on Advancing Pain Research, Care, and Education states that the annual economic cost of chronic pain in adults is $560-630 billion (IOM, 2011). Regional anesthesia has been shown to provide potent analgesia that often times leads to a reduction in systemic analgesic requirements, opioid related side effects, general anesthesia requirements, and possibly the incidence of chronic post-operative pain. There are several adjunct medications that can be combined with peripheral nerve blocks to ...


Assessment Of Chronic Disease To Determine Appropriateness Of Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Therapy, Bilal M. Omery, Maharaj Singh, Randy S. Turkel, Robyn Shearer, Arshad Jahangir, M. Eyman Mortada, Jasbir S. Sra, Indrajit Choudhuri Nov 2017

Assessment Of Chronic Disease To Determine Appropriateness Of Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Therapy, Bilal M. Omery, Maharaj Singh, Randy S. Turkel, Robyn Shearer, Arshad Jahangir, M. Eyman Mortada, Jasbir S. Sra, Indrajit Choudhuri

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy is considered appropriate when a patient is felt to have a reasonable expectation of 1-year survival. Chronic diseases have been estimated to be associated with greater than 10% annual mortality and may reduce benefits of ICD therapy. Frailty has been estimated to be associated with greater than 20% annual mortality and has been suggested to contraindicate ICD therapy.

Purpose: Determine a risk score that may identify patients in whom ICD implantation may not be appropriate.

Methods: Patients who received an ICD for primary and secondary prevention from 2008 through 2013 at the Aurora Health Care ...


Effects Of Revision Surgery On Grade Of Adverse Local Tissue Reaction Following Recall Of A Modular Hip Implant, Joseph F. Davies, Danielle M. Greer, Susan Truchan Nov 2017

Effects Of Revision Surgery On Grade Of Adverse Local Tissue Reaction Following Recall Of A Modular Hip Implant, Joseph F. Davies, Danielle M. Greer, Susan Truchan

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: The Stryker Rejuvenate modular hip implant device allows for greater versatility in matching a patient’s anatomy than conventional implants. Device recalls and in vivo metal hypersensitivity after total hip arthroplasty (THA) are common. However, recall of the Rejuvenate implant represents one of the largest recall volumes to date, highlighting our uncertainty regarding causes of device metal fretting/corrosion and adverse local tissue reaction (ALTR). While devices with metal-on-metal bearings historically were culprits for release of metal debris, more recently developed modular-neck devices add opportunity for adjacent metal components to rub together. With the Rejuvenate device, corrosion or fretting ...


Robustness Of A Newly Proposed Risk Schema For Lymphatic Dissemination In Endometrioid Endometrial Cancer, Danielle M. Greer, Jessica J.F. Kram, Callie M. Cox Bauer, Scott A. Kamelle Nov 2017

Robustness Of A Newly Proposed Risk Schema For Lymphatic Dissemination In Endometrioid Endometrial Cancer, Danielle M. Greer, Jessica J.F. Kram, Callie M. Cox Bauer, Scott A. Kamelle

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Surgical management for endometrioid endometrial cancer (EEC) includes complete lymph node dissection for all patients at risk of lymphatic dissemination. The standard risk schema, defined by Mayo Clinic, identifies low-risk patients as those with grade 1/2 EEC, myometrial invasion (MI) ≤ 50%, and tumor diameter (TD) ≤ 2 cm. We recently proposed (and published) a risk schema containing modified forms of grade, MI and TD that suggests a significant decrease in false-negative rate and need for lymphadenectomy in low-risk women.

Purpose: Evaluate robustness of our proposed schema for lymphatic dissemination risk stratification in a subsequent EEC patient cohort.

Methods: We ...


Elective Surgery Type & Screen, Nordx Blood Bank Staff, Haley Pelletier, Suneela Nayak, Stephen Tyzik, Ruth Hanselman Aug 2017

Elective Surgery Type & Screen, Nordx Blood Bank Staff, Haley Pelletier, Suneela Nayak, Stephen Tyzik, Ruth Hanselman

Maine Medical Center

Elective Surgery Type and Screen


Clinical Outcomes After Drug-Eluting Stents Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery In High Surgical Risk Patients With Left Main Or Three-Vessel Coronary Artery Disease, Tonga Nfor, Kambiz Shetabi, Wael Hassan, Quinta Nfor, Jayant Khitha, Anjan Gupta, Tanvir Bajwa, Suhail Allaqaband Aug 2017

Clinical Outcomes After Drug-Eluting Stents Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery In High Surgical Risk Patients With Left Main Or Three-Vessel Coronary Artery Disease, Tonga Nfor, Kambiz Shetabi, Wael Hassan, Quinta Nfor, Jayant Khitha, Anjan Gupta, Tanvir Bajwa, Suhail Allaqaband

Aurora Cardiology Fellows

Purpose Previous studies comparing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) in patients with unprotected left main or three-vessel coronary artery disease (LM-3VD) have excluded patients at high surgical risk. We compared clinical outcomes after PCI with drug-eluting stents to CABG in high surgical risk patients with LM-3VD. Methods Patients with symptomatic LM-3VD who had Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS)-predicted operative mortality >5% and were undergoing either PCI with drug-eluting stents or CABG at a tertiary care center from January 2009 to December 2010 were enrolled in this nonrandomized prospective study. Results Mean STS score ...


Induced Remodeling Of Porcine Tendons To Human Anterior Cruciate Ligaments By Alpha-Gal Epitope Removal And Partial Cross-Linking, Kevin R. Stone, Ann Walgenbach, Uri Galili Aug 2017

Induced Remodeling Of Porcine Tendons To Human Anterior Cruciate Ligaments By Alpha-Gal Epitope Removal And Partial Cross-Linking, Kevin R. Stone, Ann Walgenbach, Uri Galili

Open Access Articles

This review describes a novel method developed for processing porcine tendon and other ligament implants that enables in situ remodeling into autologous ligaments in humans. The method differs from methods using extracellular matrices (ECMs) that provide postoperative orthobiological support (i.e., augmentation grafts) for healing of injured ligaments, in that the porcine bone-patellar-tendon-bone itself serves as the graft replacing ruptured anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). The method allows for gradual remodeling of porcine tendon into autologous human ACL while maintaining the biomechanical integrity. The method was first evaluated in a preclinical model of monkeys and subsequently in patients. The method overcomes ...


Re-Tubularization Of Highly-Ischemic Anti-Mesenteric Border (Rehab): A Novel Bowel Preservation Technique In Complex Gastroschisis., Richard J. Hendrickson, Ashwini S. Poola, Katherine W. Gonzalez, Joel Lim, Tolulope A. Oyetunji Jul 2017

Re-Tubularization Of Highly-Ischemic Anti-Mesenteric Border (Rehab): A Novel Bowel Preservation Technique In Complex Gastroschisis., Richard J. Hendrickson, Ashwini S. Poola, Katherine W. Gonzalez, Joel Lim, Tolulope A. Oyetunji

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Complex gastroschisis with bowel necrosis poses an operative challenge. Surgeons must weigh the decision between resection versus preservation of ischemic bowel. As one of the leading causes of short bowel syndrome, aggressive resection in complicated gastroschisis subjects children to prolonged dependence on parenteral nutrition and its attendant complications. Herein, we describe a novel technique aimed towards bowel preservation in complex gastroschisis patients with severe bowel ischemia with the ultimate goal for enteral autonomy.


A Novel Hybrid Imaging System To Aid In Surgical Decision Making, Lawrence Yip, Madeleine Van De Kleut, Ivan Kosik, Astrid Chamson-Reig, Jeffrey Jl Carson Mar 2017

A Novel Hybrid Imaging System To Aid In Surgical Decision Making, Lawrence Yip, Madeleine Van De Kleut, Ivan Kosik, Astrid Chamson-Reig, Jeffrey Jl Carson

Western Research Forum

Background:

Breast cancer accounts for 25% of all cancer cases among women. In breast-conserving surgery, a common treatment, the tumour is excised with a healthy tissue margin. However, detection of the margin can be difficult. Current techniques to guide excision are often insufficient, and re-excision can occur up to 25% of the time.

Methods:

Photoacoustic imaging is a hybrid imaging modality that combines the advantages of optical imaging and ultrasound while using safe non-ionizing light. This project involves the development of a novel imaging system with a new scanner design to overcome common limitations and provide images to aid in ...


Complexity And Chaos In Surgical Start Times, Dennis J. Baumgardner Jan 2017

Complexity And Chaos In Surgical Start Times, Dennis J. Baumgardner

Dennis J. Baumgardner. MD

In discussing an article investigating the causes for delay of first-case operating room start times included in this issue of the Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews, the editor uses elements of complexity science and chaos theory to explain that such stubborn problems rarely stem from one of a few isolated causes. Taking a whole systems approach that utilizes flexibility, cross training, enhanced communication, common sense and perhaps mathematical models is suggested to effect positive change.


Attenuation Of Postoperative Adhesions Using A Modeled Manual Therapy (Data Files), Geoffrey M. Bove, Susan L. Chapelle, Katherine E. Hanlon, Michael P. Diamond, David J. Mokler Jan 2017

Attenuation Of Postoperative Adhesions Using A Modeled Manual Therapy (Data Files), Geoffrey M. Bove, Susan L. Chapelle, Katherine E. Hanlon, Michael P. Diamond, David J. Mokler

Biomedical Sciences Faculty Publications

These files include data and figures utilized to research and communicate the following:

Postoperative adhesions are pathological attachments that develop between abdominopelvic structures following surgery. Considered unavoidable and ubiquitous, postoperative adhesions lead to bowel obstructions, infertility, pain, and reoperations, and represent a substantial health care challenge. Despite over a century of research, no preventive treatment exists. Based on the hypothesis that postoperative adhesions develop from a lack of movement of the abdominopelvic organs, we proposed a relatively simple treatment approach using a modified manual therapy technique that mobilizes abdominopelvic structures in the immediate postoperative period while they are otherwise rendered ...


Racial And Ethnic Differences In Receipt Of Immediate Breast Reconstruction Surgery: Do Hospital Characteristics Matter?, Jaya Shankar Khushalani Jan 2017

Racial And Ethnic Differences In Receipt Of Immediate Breast Reconstruction Surgery: Do Hospital Characteristics Matter?, Jaya Shankar Khushalani

Theses and Dissertations

Immediate Breast Reconstruction Surgery (IBRS) is associated with better quality of life among women who undergo a mastectomy. Despite insurance coverage for IBRS, utilization of IBRS remains low. Data from publicly available sources for 2010-2012 are used to examine the association between hospital characteristics receipt of IBRS by patients. Minority-serving status, low bed size, for-profit ownership, non-teaching status, high competition, low density of plastic surgeons in the market and non-metropolitan location are associated with lower likelihood of receipt of IBRS.

Racial and ethnic minorities are less likely to receive IBRS. A mixed effects logistic regression model with interactions between Black ...


Functional Hemispherotomy In Rasmussen Syndrome In The Absence Of Classic Mri Findings, Yasunori Nagahama, Charuta Joshi, Brian Dlouhy, Angela Y Wu, Taylor J Abel, Gary Baumbach, Hiroto Kawasaki Dec 2016

Functional Hemispherotomy In Rasmussen Syndrome In The Absence Of Classic Mri Findings, Yasunori Nagahama, Charuta Joshi, Brian Dlouhy, Angela Y Wu, Taylor J Abel, Gary Baumbach, Hiroto Kawasaki

Department of Neurosurgery Publications

A 7-year-old previously healthy girl presented with a left-sided focal seizure without impaired consciousness and subsequently developed epilepsia partialis continua. Initial MRI was normal, and the subsequent images only showed a focal T2/FLAIR hyperintense area without cortical atrophy. She was diagnosed with Rasmussen syndrome by pathology and promptly treated with functional hemispherotomy. Rasmussen syndrome is a rare progressive neurological disorder, the only definitive cure for which is hemispheric disconnection. The disease presents a management dilemma, especially early in disease course without characteristic neuroimaging features. A high index of suspicion, multidisciplinary approach, and clear timely communication with the family are ...


Modern Evaluation Of Abdominal Trauma, Errington C. Thompson, Md, Chadwick J. Knight, Md Nov 2016

Modern Evaluation Of Abdominal Trauma, Errington C. Thompson, Md, Chadwick J. Knight, Md

Errington Thompson

Abdominal trauma can be mysterious to some physicians. If patients are evaluated for being stable or unstable, then abdominal trauma can be easily managed. Using a combination of physical examination, ultrasound and CT scans, patients can be quickly and efficiently evaluated.


Retrograde Pedal Access For Revascularization Of Infrapopliteal Arterial Occlusive Disease In Critical Limb Ischemia (Cli) Patients As A Primary Approach., Ahmed Amro, Alaa Gabi, Shahed Elhamdani, Haytham Aljoudi, Mehiar El-Hamdani Nov 2016

Retrograde Pedal Access For Revascularization Of Infrapopliteal Arterial Occlusive Disease In Critical Limb Ischemia (Cli) Patients As A Primary Approach., Ahmed Amro, Alaa Gabi, Shahed Elhamdani, Haytham Aljoudi, Mehiar El-Hamdani

Mehiar El Hamdani, MD

Introduction: We are presenting three cases (out of similar several cases) where tibio-pedal approach was performed as an initial primary approach for limb salvage in patients with CLI secondary to Infra-popliteal (IP) disease. We consider this approach to be a necessary evolution in endovascular intervention. Discussion: Retrograde pedal access is safe, feasible with high technical success rate and a relatively low procedural complication rate, with low 30 days mortality and low rate of major adverse cardiac events. Freedom from major adverse limb events and limb salvage are both high at 1 year follow up. It allows quick therapy and short ...


Standardization Of Postoperative Transitions Of Care To The Pediatric Intensive Care Unit Enhances Efficiency And Handover Comprehensiveness, Anthony Sochet, Ashley Simms, Grace Ye, Nihal Godiwala, Lauren Hebert, Christine O. Corriveau Nov 2016

Standardization Of Postoperative Transitions Of Care To The Pediatric Intensive Care Unit Enhances Efficiency And Handover Comprehensiveness, Anthony Sochet, Ashley Simms, Grace Ye, Nihal Godiwala, Lauren Hebert, Christine O. Corriveau

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Introduction: To determine the impact of standardization of postoperative transitions of care to the pediatric intensive care unit on handover efficiency and the quality of healthcare data exchange.

Methods: This was a prospective, pre–post observational study after standardization of postoperative transitions in a 44-bed pediatric intensive care unit in a 313-bed tertiary care pediatric hospital from April to July 2015. Standardization was completed using a multidisciplinary handover checklist. Primary outcomes were efficiency expressed as mean handover duration and the comprehensiveness of healthcare data exchange.

Results: Forty-seven postoperative transitions were observed of which 23 were preintervention and 24 were postintervention ...


Retrograde Pedal Access For Revascularization Of Infrapopliteal Arterial Occlusive Disease In Critical Limb Ischemia (Cli) Patients As A Primary Approach., Ahmed Amro, Alaa Gabi, Shahed Elhamdani, Haytham Aljoudi, Mehiar El-Hamdani Oct 2016

Retrograde Pedal Access For Revascularization Of Infrapopliteal Arterial Occlusive Disease In Critical Limb Ischemia (Cli) Patients As A Primary Approach., Ahmed Amro, Alaa Gabi, Shahed Elhamdani, Haytham Aljoudi, Mehiar El-Hamdani

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Introduction:

We are presenting three cases (out of similar several cases) where tibio-pedal approach was performed as an initial primary approach for limb salvage in patients with CLI secondary to Infra-popliteal (IP) disease. We consider this approach to be a necessary evolution in endovascular intervention.

Discussion:

Retrograde pedal access is safe, feasible with high technical success rate and a relatively low procedural complication rate, with low 30 days mortality and low rate of major adverse cardiac events. Freedom from major adverse limb events and limb salvage are both high at 1 year follow up. It allows quick therapy and short ...


Neurosurgical Ultrasound Pose Estimation Using Image-Based Registration And Sensor Fusion - A Feasibility Study, Utsav Pardasani Oct 2016

Neurosurgical Ultrasound Pose Estimation Using Image-Based Registration And Sensor Fusion - A Feasibility Study, Utsav Pardasani

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Modern neurosurgical procedures often rely on computer-assisted real-time guidance using multiple medical imaging modalities. State-of-the-art commercial products enable the fusion of pre-operative with intra-operative images (e.g., magnetic resonance [MR] with ultrasound [US] images), as well as the on-screen visualization of procedures in progress. In so doing, US images can be employed as a template to which pre-operative images can be registered, to correct for anatomical changes, to provide live-image feedback, and consequently to improve confidence when making resection margin decisions near eloquent regions during tumour surgery.

In spite of the potential for tracked ultrasound to improve many neurosurgical procedures ...


Complexity And Chaos In Surgical Start Times, Dennis J. Baumgardner Aug 2016

Complexity And Chaos In Surgical Start Times, Dennis J. Baumgardner

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

In discussing an article investigating the causes for delay of first-case operating room start times included in this issue of the Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews, the editor uses elements of complexity science and chaos theory to explain that such stubborn problems rarely stem from one of a few isolated causes. Taking a whole systems approach that utilizes flexibility, cross training, enhanced communication, common sense and perhaps mathematical models is suggested to effect positive change.


Effective Pain Information Pre-Operatively Is Associated With Improved Functional Gain After Total Joint Replacement, Celeste A. Lemay, David Ayers, Patricia D. Franklin Aug 2016

Effective Pain Information Pre-Operatively Is Associated With Improved Functional Gain After Total Joint Replacement, Celeste A. Lemay, David Ayers, Patricia D. Franklin

Celeste A. Lemay

Objective: We evaluated receipt of pre-operative pain management education in a national prospective cohort on post-operative pain and function. Methods: Preoperative, 2 week and 6 month postoperative data from a nationally representative cohort of 1404 primary unilateral TJR patients with a date of surgery between May 2011 and December 2014. Data included demographics, comorbid conditions, operative joint pain severity (HOOS/KOOS), musculoskeletal disease burden, physical function (SF36 PCS), and mental health (SF36 MCS). At 2 weeks post-op, patients were asked if they had received information prior to surgery about pain management options and if so, how helpful the information was ...


Translating Comparative Tjr Outcomes For Performance Improvement To Guide Surgical Quality Improvement, Hua Zheng, Wenjun Li, Celeste Lemay, David Ayers, Patricia D. Franklin Aug 2016

Translating Comparative Tjr Outcomes For Performance Improvement To Guide Surgical Quality Improvement, Hua Zheng, Wenjun Li, Celeste Lemay, David Ayers, Patricia D. Franklin

Celeste A. Lemay

Background/Purpose: With the CMS decision to publicly report hospital-specific post-operative total joint replacement (TJR) complications and readmissions, orthopedic surgeons need new sources of post-operative outcome data to monitor and improve post-hospital care. The AHRQ funded research program, Function and Outcomes Research for Comparative Effectiveness in Total Joint Replacement (FORCE-TJR), developed methods to capture longitudinal patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and comprehensive post-TJR medical and surgical events, and established a web reporting system to return comparative outcome reports to participating surgeons and hospitals in order to monitor and improve quality and outcomes. Methods: This national cohort/registry captures post-TJR measures directly from ...


Using Interviews To Understand Patients’ Post-Operative Pain Management Educational Needs Before And After Elective Total Joint Replacement Surgery, Celeste A. Lemay, Patricia D. Franklin Aug 2016

Using Interviews To Understand Patients’ Post-Operative Pain Management Educational Needs Before And After Elective Total Joint Replacement Surgery, Celeste A. Lemay, Patricia D. Franklin

Celeste A. Lemay

Objective: To better understand the education needs of patients electing to have TJR in managing their pain in the post-operative period after discharge from the hospital. Methods: An exploratory, descriptive, qualitative design. Convenience sample of people who reported that they had not received information about pain management prior to TJR surgery were recruited from 9 surgeon practices in 8 states to participate in telephone interviews, utilizing open-ended questions. Questions included: recollection of pre-op class attended and content; experiences with surgical pain after surgery and how it was managed; experiences with pain medicine; experience using non-medicine related pain reduction methods; suggestions ...


6-Month Change In Pain And Function By Pre-Operative Pain And Function Among Patients Selected For Total Knee Replacement In The United States, Uyen-Sa D.T. Nguyen, David Ayers, Wenjun Li, Leslie R. Harrold, Patricia D. Franklin Aug 2016

6-Month Change In Pain And Function By Pre-Operative Pain And Function Among Patients Selected For Total Knee Replacement In The United States, Uyen-Sa D.T. Nguyen, David Ayers, Wenjun Li, Leslie R. Harrold, Patricia D. Franklin

Leslie R. Harrold

Background/Purpose: The increase in total knee replacements (TKRs) between 1979 and 2006 is staggering. Debate is growing regarding the appropriate utilization of TKRs. We examined pain, function, quality of life (QOL), and satisfaction at 6-month post-surgery by pain and function at time of surgery. Methods: Data came from the nationally representative FORCE-TJR cohort of patients from 150 surgeons. Participants had primary, unilateral TKRs due to osteoarthritis between 2011 and 2014. Their knee pain (KOOS), physical functions (SF36), and QOL were measured at pre- and 6 months post-surgery. We classified patients as having high or low pre-operative pain (KOOS Pain ...


Using Interviews To Understand Patients’ Post-Operative Pain Management Educational Needs Before And After Elective Total Joint Replacement Surgery, Celeste A. Lemay, Patricia D. Franklin Aug 2016

Using Interviews To Understand Patients’ Post-Operative Pain Management Educational Needs Before And After Elective Total Joint Replacement Surgery, Celeste A. Lemay, Patricia D. Franklin

Patricia D. Franklin

Objective: To better understand the education needs of patients electing to have TJR in managing their pain in the post-operative period after discharge from the hospital. Methods: An exploratory, descriptive, qualitative design. Convenience sample of people who reported that they had not received information about pain management prior to TJR surgery were recruited from 9 surgeon practices in 8 states to participate in telephone interviews, utilizing open-ended questions. Questions included: recollection of pre-op class attended and content; experiences with surgical pain after surgery and how it was managed; experiences with pain medicine; experience using non-medicine related pain reduction methods; suggestions ...


Total Hip Arthroplasty And Mental Health Status, Uyen-Sa D.T. Nguyen, Thomas Perneger, Patricia D. Franklin, Christophe Barea, Pierre Hoffmeyer, Anne Lubbeke Aug 2016

Total Hip Arthroplasty And Mental Health Status, Uyen-Sa D.T. Nguyen, Thomas Perneger, Patricia D. Franklin, Christophe Barea, Pierre Hoffmeyer, Anne Lubbeke

Patricia D. Franklin

Purpose. Total hip arthroplasty (THA) effectively restores function and alleviates pain in patients with end-stage hip osteoarthritis. Pain affects mood through its effect on disability and fatigue. Few studies have examined mental health as a consequence of pain or function after THA. We assessed change in mental health 1-year post-surgery, and examined whether change in pain and function predict change in mental health. Methods. We used data from a prospective THA registry that began in 1996 at a large public Geneva University hospital. We included surgeries performed 2010 and 2012-2014, with demographic information, body mass index (BMI), co-morbidities, baseline and ...


Translating Comparative Tjr Outcomes For Performance Improvement To Guide Surgical Quality Improvement, Hua Zheng, Wenjun Li, Celeste Lemay, David Ayers, Patricia D. Franklin Aug 2016

Translating Comparative Tjr Outcomes For Performance Improvement To Guide Surgical Quality Improvement, Hua Zheng, Wenjun Li, Celeste Lemay, David Ayers, Patricia D. Franklin

Patricia D. Franklin

Background/Purpose: With the CMS decision to publicly report hospital-specific post-operative total joint replacement (TJR) complications and readmissions, orthopedic surgeons need new sources of post-operative outcome data to monitor and improve post-hospital care. The AHRQ funded research program, Function and Outcomes Research for Comparative Effectiveness in Total Joint Replacement (FORCE-TJR), developed methods to capture longitudinal patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and comprehensive post-TJR medical and surgical events, and established a web reporting system to return comparative outcome reports to participating surgeons and hospitals in order to monitor and improve quality and outcomes. Methods: This national cohort/registry captures post-TJR measures directly from ...


6-Month Change In Pain And Function By Pre-Operative Pain And Function Among Patients Selected For Total Knee Replacement In The United States, Uyen-Sa D.T. Nguyen, David Ayers, Wenjun Li, Leslie R. Harrold, Patricia D. Franklin Aug 2016

6-Month Change In Pain And Function By Pre-Operative Pain And Function Among Patients Selected For Total Knee Replacement In The United States, Uyen-Sa D.T. Nguyen, David Ayers, Wenjun Li, Leslie R. Harrold, Patricia D. Franklin

Patricia D. Franklin

Background/Purpose: The increase in total knee replacements (TKRs) between 1979 and 2006 is staggering. Debate is growing regarding the appropriate utilization of TKRs. We examined pain, function, quality of life (QOL), and satisfaction at 6-month post-surgery by pain and function at time of surgery. Methods: Data came from the nationally representative FORCE-TJR cohort of patients from 150 surgeons. Participants had primary, unilateral TKRs due to osteoarthritis between 2011 and 2014. Their knee pain (KOOS), physical functions (SF36), and QOL were measured at pre- and 6 months post-surgery. We classified patients as having high or low pre-operative pain (KOOS Pain ...


Effective Pain Information Pre-Operatively Is Associated With Improved Functional Gain After Total Joint Replacement, Celeste A. Lemay, David Ayers, Patricia D. Franklin Aug 2016

Effective Pain Information Pre-Operatively Is Associated With Improved Functional Gain After Total Joint Replacement, Celeste A. Lemay, David Ayers, Patricia D. Franklin

Patricia D. Franklin

Objective: We evaluated receipt of pre-operative pain management education in a national prospective cohort on post-operative pain and function. Methods: Preoperative, 2 week and 6 month postoperative data from a nationally representative cohort of 1404 primary unilateral TJR patients with a date of surgery between May 2011 and December 2014. Data included demographics, comorbid conditions, operative joint pain severity (HOOS/KOOS), musculoskeletal disease burden, physical function (SF36 PCS), and mental health (SF36 MCS). At 2 weeks post-op, patients were asked if they had received information prior to surgery about pain management options and if so, how helpful the information was ...


Translating Comparative Tjr Outcomes For Performance Improvement To Guide Surgical Quality Improvement, Hua Zheng, Wenjun Li, Celeste Lemay, David Ayers, Patricia D. Franklin Aug 2016

Translating Comparative Tjr Outcomes For Performance Improvement To Guide Surgical Quality Improvement, Hua Zheng, Wenjun Li, Celeste Lemay, David Ayers, Patricia D. Franklin

Wenjun Li

Background/Purpose: With the CMS decision to publicly report hospital-specific post-operative total joint replacement (TJR) complications and readmissions, orthopedic surgeons need new sources of post-operative outcome data to monitor and improve post-hospital care. The AHRQ funded research program, Function and Outcomes Research for Comparative Effectiveness in Total Joint Replacement (FORCE-TJR), developed methods to capture longitudinal patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and comprehensive post-TJR medical and surgical events, and established a web reporting system to return comparative outcome reports to participating surgeons and hospitals in order to monitor and improve quality and outcomes. Methods: This national cohort/registry captures post-TJR measures directly from ...