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Articles 1 - 30 of 210

Full-Text Articles in Surgical Procedures, Operative

Unique Surgical Approach To A Twisted Ileal-Anal Pouch, Hannah Buettner, Maria X. Kiely, Mengdi Yao, James Yoo, Lilian Chen Jun 2018

Unique Surgical Approach To A Twisted Ileal-Anal Pouch, Hannah Buettner, Maria X. Kiely, Mengdi Yao, James Yoo, Lilian Chen

Open Access Articles

Total proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis can restore gastrointestinal continuity in patients requiring colectomy for ulcerative colitis, however, it can be associated with high morbidity. Reoperation for pouch-related complications is technically challenging and often leads to deterioration of pouch function or need for permanent stoma. We report a case of acute on chronic small bowel obstruction secondary to a 360-degree twist in the small bowel introduced during creation of the ileal-anal pouch. Our novel approach at repair has not been reported in past literature which included resection and re-anastomosis of the small bowel proximal to the pouch allowing for pouch ...


Inertial Sensor-Based Variables Are Indicators Of Frailty And Adverse Post-Operative Outcomes In Cardiovascular Disease Patients, Rahul Soangra, Thurmon E. Lockhart Jun 2018

Inertial Sensor-Based Variables Are Indicators Of Frailty And Adverse Post-Operative Outcomes In Cardiovascular Disease Patients, Rahul Soangra, Thurmon E. Lockhart

Physical Therapy Faculty Articles and Research

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) patients with intrinsic cardiac cause for falling have been found to be frail and submissive to morbidity and mortality as post-operative outcomes. In these older CVD patients, gait speed is conjectured by the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) as an independent predictor of post-operative morbidity and mortality. However, this guideline by STS has not been studied adequately with a large sample size; rather it is based largely on expert opinions of cardiac surgeons and researchers. Although one’s gait speed is not completely associated with one’s risk of falls, gait speed is a quick robust measure ...


Integration Of Complementary And Alternative Medicine Into The Healthcare System In The United States, Nikki Lu May 2018

Integration Of Complementary And Alternative Medicine Into The Healthcare System In The United States, Nikki Lu

Global Honors Theses

Chronic diseases are a prevalent issue around the world and chronic diseases are hard to prevent due to various systemic factors in the healthcare system. This paper mainly focused on socioeconomic issues and highlighted a few systemic factors in the US healthcare system. These factors have created various health disparities, inequities among socially constructed groups, and financial expenditures in the US healthcare system. Socioeconomic factors significantly impact the health and healthcare among socially constructed groups. Additionally, in this paper there are current approaches in addressing these healthcare factors such as social determinants of health and precision medicine as well as ...


Failure Of Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty: Establishing A Baseline For Retrieval Analysis Using Well-Functioning Necropsy Specimens, Meredith Perkins May 2018

Failure Of Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty: Establishing A Baseline For Retrieval Analysis Using Well-Functioning Necropsy Specimens, Meredith Perkins

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

Introduction. Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is an effective treatment for end-stage osteoarthritis of the knee. While many patients have positive functional and pain outcomes following primary TKA, a subset of patients have suboptimal outcomes, such as unexplained pain or aseptic loosening of the implant components necessitating revision of the index procedure. The understanding of the exact etiology of these suboptimal outcomes of primary TKA is in its infancy. In order to elucidate the etiology of failure in primary TKAs, a baseline for the factors contributing to arthroplasty failure and dissatisfaction must first be established. The purpose of this study was ...


A Web-Based Treatment Decision Support Tool For Patients With Advanced Knee Arthritis: Evaluation Of User Interface And Content Design, Hua Zheng, Milagros C. Rosal, Wenjun Li, Amy Borg, Wenyun Yang, David C. Ayers, Patricia D. Franklin Apr 2018

A Web-Based Treatment Decision Support Tool For Patients With Advanced Knee Arthritis: Evaluation Of User Interface And Content Design, Hua Zheng, Milagros C. Rosal, Wenjun Li, Amy Borg, Wenyun Yang, David C. Ayers, Patricia D. Franklin

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Data-driven surgical decisions will ensure proper use and timing of surgical care. We developed a Web-based patient-centered treatment decision and assessment tool to guide treatment decisions among patients with advanced knee osteoarthritis who are considering total knee replacement surgery.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine user experience and acceptance of the Web-based treatment decision support tool among older adults.

METHODS: User-centered formative and summative evaluations were conducted for the tool. A sample of 28 patients who were considering total knee replacement participated in the study. Participants' responses to the user interface design, the clarity of information ...


Effects Of Psychiatric Comorbidities On The Perioperative Outcomes Following A Primary Total Arthroplasty, Taylor Smith Apr 2018

Effects Of Psychiatric Comorbidities On The Perioperative Outcomes Following A Primary Total Arthroplasty, Taylor Smith

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

This review was conducted to compare the perioperative outcomes following a total primary arthroplasty among patients with a psychiatric comorbidity versus those without a psychiatric comorbidity. Literature was reviewed from the database Pubmed. Seven cohort and case-control studies were reviewed, with the largest sample size of 8.4 million patients. Psychiatric comorbidities resulted in increased negative perioperative outcomes compared to patients without psychiatric comorbidities in six articles. These studies observed higher rates of revision, blood transfusion, mortality, non-traditional discharge, and increased length and cost of stay for patients with a diagnosed psychiatric condition. Therefore, it was concluded from most studies ...


The Morbidity And Mortality Of Laparoscopic Appendectomy In Patients With Cirrhosis, Yasir Al-Azzawai, Yasir Al-Abboodi, Matthew J. Fasullo, Tarek Najuib Apr 2018

The Morbidity And Mortality Of Laparoscopic Appendectomy In Patients With Cirrhosis, Yasir Al-Azzawai, Yasir Al-Abboodi, Matthew J. Fasullo, Tarek Najuib

Open Access Articles

Introduction: The perioperative mortality is significantly higher in patients with cirrhosis undergoing certain surgical procedures. In this study, we examined the inpatient perioperative mortality and morbidities in cirrhotic people who underwent laparoscopic appendectomy.

Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis using the National Inpatient Sample database for 2010. Inclusion criteria were all race and sex who are 18 years or older. Those who have laparoscopic appendectomy and have a history of liver cirrhosis were assigned to case group. An equal random number of appendectomy-related admissions and those who have no history of liver cirrhosis were selected and placed in the control ...


Suspected Blood Indicator To Identify Active Gastrointestinal Bleeding: A Prospective Validation, Samuel Han, Julien Fahed, David R. Cave Apr 2018

Suspected Blood Indicator To Identify Active Gastrointestinal Bleeding: A Prospective Validation, Samuel Han, Julien Fahed, David R. Cave

Open Access Articles

Background: The suspected blood indicator (SBI) function in the RAPID Reader v8.3 program was designed to quickly identify the presence of blood in video capsule endoscopy. While previous retrospective studies have shown that the SBI function was accurate in detecting the presence of active bleeding in the small bowel, its specificity and sensitivity were poor.

Methods: An initial retrospective review (phase 1) compared 115 patients with active gastrointestinal bleeding seen on video capsule endoscopy (VCE) to 115 patients with no active bleeding seen on VCE to produce a highly accurate algorithm. A prospective study (phase 2) was then performed ...


Refrigerated Stability Of Diluted Cisatracurium, Rocuronium, And Vecuronium For Skin Testing After Perioperative Anaphylaxis, Kristen Dinsmore, Bethany Campbell, Timothy Archibald, Greg Mosier, Stacy Brown Phd, Alexei Gonzalez-Estrada Md Apr 2018

Refrigerated Stability Of Diluted Cisatracurium, Rocuronium, And Vecuronium For Skin Testing After Perioperative Anaphylaxis, Kristen Dinsmore, Bethany Campbell, Timothy Archibald, Greg Mosier, Stacy Brown Phd, Alexei Gonzalez-Estrada Md

Appalachian Student Research Forum

Rationale: The purpose of this study is to investigate the stored stability of dilutions of neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs), namely cisatracurium, rocuronium, and vecuronium, for skin prick/intradermal testing.

Methods: Concentrations of NMBAs were monitored by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) for a period of 14 days. Dilutions of NMBAs were prepared in saline by factors of 10x, 100x, 1,000x, 10,000x, and 100,000x as sensitivity of the assay allowed. Diluted drug products were stored in a laboratory refrigerator until sampling. On sampling days, aliquots of each dilution were removed and compared to a freshly prepared set of ...


The Tempo Trial At 5 Years: Transoral Fundoplication (Tif 2.0) Is Safe, Durable, And Cost-Effective., Karim S Trad, William E Barnes, Elizabeth R Prevou, Gilbert Simoni, Jennifer A Steffen, Ahmad B Shughoury, Mamoon Raza, Jeffrey A Heise, Mark A Fox, Peter G Mavrelis Apr 2018

The Tempo Trial At 5 Years: Transoral Fundoplication (Tif 2.0) Is Safe, Durable, And Cost-Effective., Karim S Trad, William E Barnes, Elizabeth R Prevou, Gilbert Simoni, Jennifer A Steffen, Ahmad B Shughoury, Mamoon Raza, Jeffrey A Heise, Mark A Fox, Peter G Mavrelis

Surgery Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Questions remain about the therapeutic durability of transoral incisionless fundoplication (TIF). In this study, clinical outcomes were evaluated at 5 years post-TIF 2.0.

METHODS: A total of 63 chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) sufferers with troublesome symptoms refractory to proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy, absent or ≤2 cm hiatal hernia, and abnormal esophageal acid exposure were randomized to the TIF group or PPI group. Following the 6-month evaluation, all patients in the PPI group elected for crossover to TIF; therefore, all 63 patients underwent TIF 2.0 with EsophyX

RESULTS: Of 63 patients, 60 were available at 1 ...


Lumbar Decompression Surgery: Does Chronic Steroid Use Increase The Risk Of Postoperative Infectious Complications? – A Study Of The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (Nsqip) Database, Shane Sobrio, Mikel Thista, Raj Rao, Alex Gu, Chapman Wei, Warren Yu Apr 2018

Lumbar Decompression Surgery: Does Chronic Steroid Use Increase The Risk Of Postoperative Infectious Complications? – A Study Of The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (Nsqip) Database, Shane Sobrio, Mikel Thista, Raj Rao, Alex Gu, Chapman Wei, Warren Yu

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Intro: It has long been established that corticosteroids have a negative impact on the human immune system’s ability to function at an optimal level. Many past studies have shown that patient’s will have higher rates of infection if they are taking chronic steroids. What has yet to be established is just how much of an increased risk patients on chronic steroids have for infection after undergoing lumbar decompression surgeries, of which there are thousands per year. We hypothesize that patients on chronic steroids will have higher rates of surgical site infections and higher rates of other infections (UTI ...


Morphine Versus Fentanyl Patient-Controlled Analgesia For Postoperative Pain Control In Major Hepatic Resection Surgeries Including Living Liver Donors: A Retrospective Study, Eman M. Nada, Abdulmajeed Alabdulkareem Apr 2018

Morphine Versus Fentanyl Patient-Controlled Analgesia For Postoperative Pain Control In Major Hepatic Resection Surgeries Including Living Liver Donors: A Retrospective Study, Eman M. Nada, Abdulmajeed Alabdulkareem

Open Access Articles

Background: Liver resection surgery results in significant postoperative pain. However, it is still not clear which opioids used by patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) provides the best pain control and results in the least side effect in a patient with impaired liver function. Our hypothesis was that fentanyl is a better choice than morphine as it is a potent analgesic that its elimination half-life does not depend on the hepatic uptake and metabolism.

The Study Purpose: Is to compare morphine and fentanyl PCA in liver resection patients as regards the degree of pain control, the consumption of opioids, and the side effects ...


The Principles And Practice Of Open Fracture Care, 2018, Amna Diwan, Kyle R. Eberlin, Raymond Malcolm Smith Feb 2018

The Principles And Practice Of Open Fracture Care, 2018, Amna Diwan, Kyle R. Eberlin, Raymond Malcolm Smith

Open Access Articles

The principles of open fracture management are to manage the overall injury and specifically prevent primary contamination becoming frank infection. The surgical management of these complex injuries includes debridement and lavage of the open wound with combined bony and soft tissue reconstruction. Good results depend on early high quality definitive surgery usually with early stable internal fixation and associated soft tissue repair. While all elements of the surgical principles are very important and depend on each other for overall success the most critical element appears to be achieving very early healthy soft tissue cover. As the injuries become more complex ...


Mechanical Pleurodesis Is Not A Contraindication To Lung Transplantation, Alexa Thibodeau Feb 2018

Mechanical Pleurodesis Is Not A Contraindication To Lung Transplantation, Alexa Thibodeau

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Shigemura N, Bhama J, Gries CJ, et al. Lung transplantation in patients with prior cardiothoracic surgical procedures. American Journal of Transplantation. 2012;12(5):1249-1255. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-6143.2011.03946.x


Ischemia Augments Alloimmune Injury Through Il-6-Driven Cd4(+) Alloreactivity, Mayuko Uehara, Zhabiz Solhjou, Naima Banouni, Vivek Kasinath, Ye Xiaqun, Li Dai, Osman Yilmam, Mine Yilmaz, Takaharu Ichimura, Paolo Fiorina, Paulo N.A. Martins, Shunsuke Ohori, Indira Guleria, Omar H. Maarouf, Stefan G. Tullius, Martina M. Mcgrath, Reza Abdi Feb 2018

Ischemia Augments Alloimmune Injury Through Il-6-Driven Cd4(+) Alloreactivity, Mayuko Uehara, Zhabiz Solhjou, Naima Banouni, Vivek Kasinath, Ye Xiaqun, Li Dai, Osman Yilmam, Mine Yilmaz, Takaharu Ichimura, Paolo Fiorina, Paulo N.A. Martins, Shunsuke Ohori, Indira Guleria, Omar H. Maarouf, Stefan G. Tullius, Martina M. Mcgrath, Reza Abdi

Open Access Articles

Ischemia reperfusion injuries (IRI) are unavoidable in solid organ transplantation. IRI augments alloimmunity but the mechanisms involved are poorly understood. Herein, we examined the effect of IRI on antigen specific alloimmunity. We demonstrate that ischemia promotes alloimmune activation, leading to more severe histological features of rejection, and increased CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cell graft infiltration, with a predominantly CD8(+) IFNgamma(+) infiltrate. This process is dependent on the presence of alloreactive CD4(+) T cells, where depletion prevented infiltration of ischemic grafts by CD8(+) IFNgamma(+) T cells. IL-6 is a known driver of ischemia-induced rejection. Herein, depletion of donor antigen-presenting cells reduced ...


Pilot Study Of Delayed Icos/Icos-L Blockade With Alphacd40 To Modulate Pathogenic Alloimmunity In A Primate Cardiac Allograft Model, Natalie A. O'Neill, Tianshu Zhang, Gheorghe Braileanu, Xiangfei Cheng, Alena Hershfeld, Wenji Sun, Keith A. Reimann, Sia Dahi, Natalia Kubicki, Wessam Hassanein, Christopher Laird, Arielle Cimeno, Agnes M. Azimzadeh, Richard N. Pierson Feb 2018

Pilot Study Of Delayed Icos/Icos-L Blockade With Alphacd40 To Modulate Pathogenic Alloimmunity In A Primate Cardiac Allograft Model, Natalie A. O'Neill, Tianshu Zhang, Gheorghe Braileanu, Xiangfei Cheng, Alena Hershfeld, Wenji Sun, Keith A. Reimann, Sia Dahi, Natalia Kubicki, Wessam Hassanein, Christopher Laird, Arielle Cimeno, Agnes M. Azimzadeh, Richard N. Pierson

Open Access Articles

Background: Inducible costimulator (ICOS) is rapidly upregulated with T-cell stimulation and may represent an escape pathway for T-cell costimulation in the setting of CD40/CD154 costimulation blockade. Induction treatment exhibited no efficacy in a primate renal allograft model, but rodent transplant models suggest that the addition of delayed ICOS/ICOS-L blockade may prolong allograft survival and prevent chronic rejection. Here, we ask whether ICOS-Ig treatment, timed to anticipate ICOS upregulation, prolongs NHP cardiac allograft survival or attenuates pathogenic alloimmunity.

Methods: Cynomolgus monkey heterotopic cardiac allograft recipients were treated with alphaCD40 (2C10R4, d0-90) either alone or with the addition of delayed ...


Bow Hunter's Syndrome In A Patient With A Right Hypoplastic Vertebral Artery And A Dynamically Compressible Left Vertebral Artery, David Z. Cai, Ryan P. Roach, John P. Weaver, Gerald T. Mcgillicuddy, Zachary M. Mansell, Jonathan P. Eskander, Mark S. Eskander Jan 2018

Bow Hunter's Syndrome In A Patient With A Right Hypoplastic Vertebral Artery And A Dynamically Compressible Left Vertebral Artery, David Z. Cai, Ryan P. Roach, John P. Weaver, Gerald T. Mcgillicuddy, Zachary M. Mansell, Jonathan P. Eskander, Mark S. Eskander

Open Access Articles

This is a case report of a 48-year-old man with multiple transient ischemic attacks and a known hypoplastic right vertebral artery (VA) who presented after a syncopal event while turning his head to the left. The objective of this study is to demonstrate the necessity of proper diagnosis and management of cerebrovascular pathology including imaging and surgical intervention in patients with known anatomical anomalies. This study was conducted at Massachusetts, United States of America. Our patient's history was significant for a hypoplastic right VA and a stenotic segment of the right VA at the C3-C4 junction. There was also ...


Administering Dexamethasone Prior To Peripheral Nerve Blocks, Jacob Millwood Dec 2017

Administering Dexamethasone Prior To Peripheral Nerve Blocks, Jacob Millwood

Doctoral Projects

Post-operative pain creates burdens for the patient and their family members while also drastically increasing the price of cost to the healthcare system. The Institute of Medicine Committee on Advancing Pain Research, Care, and Education states that the annual economic cost of chronic pain in adults is $560-630 billion (IOM, 2011). Regional anesthesia has been shown to provide potent analgesia that often times leads to a reduction in systemic analgesic requirements, opioid related side effects, general anesthesia requirements, and possibly the incidence of chronic post-operative pain. There are several adjunct medications that can be combined with peripheral nerve blocks to ...


Retrieval Analysis Of Necropsy Total Hip Replacements: Considerations Beyond The Implant, Julie Alyse Lowell Dec 2017

Retrieval Analysis Of Necropsy Total Hip Replacements: Considerations Beyond The Implant, Julie Alyse Lowell

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

Introduction. Total hip arthroplasty (THA) surgery is one of the most commonly performed and successful orthopedic procedures in the United States. More than 300,000 primary THAs and 40,000 revision THAs performed in the United States every year. While the need for revision surgeries can stem from a variety of causes, there have been, to the author’s knowledge, no studies attempting to correlate the concentrations of certain inflammatory cytokines to metal ion concentrations found in the tissue surrounding the implant, amount of polyethylene wear, or strength of the interface of the modular taper. The purpose of this study ...


Carcinoids And Capsules: A Case Series Highlighting The Utility Of Capsule Endoscopy In Patients With Small Bowel Carcinoids, Michael G. Noujaim, Jonathan Green, May Min, Christopher R. Schlieve, Krunal Patel, Mitchell A. Cahan, David R. Cave Dec 2017

Carcinoids And Capsules: A Case Series Highlighting The Utility Of Capsule Endoscopy In Patients With Small Bowel Carcinoids, Michael G. Noujaim, Jonathan Green, May Min, Christopher R. Schlieve, Krunal Patel, Mitchell A. Cahan, David R. Cave

Open Access Articles

Background: Neuroendocine tumors (NETs) or carcinoids arise at many different sites of the gastrointestinal tract. The small intestine is the most common site for NETs. Diagnosing small bowel carcinoids remains challenging given their non-specific presentations and the overall low incidence of small bowel tumors. Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) has significanly improved our ability to detect small bowel malignancies. We explore the value of VCE in the initial workup and management of a series of small bowel carcinoid patients.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed adult patients undergoing surgical management for small bowel lesions from July 2005 to September 2015 at a tertiary ...


The Outcome Of Thoracentesis Versus Chest Tube Placement For Hepatic Hydrothorax In Patients With Cirrhosis: A Nationwide Analysis Of The National Inpatient Sample, Ali Ridha, Yasir Al-Abboodi, Matthew J. Fasullo Nov 2017

The Outcome Of Thoracentesis Versus Chest Tube Placement For Hepatic Hydrothorax In Patients With Cirrhosis: A Nationwide Analysis Of The National Inpatient Sample, Ali Ridha, Yasir Al-Abboodi, Matthew J. Fasullo

Open Access Articles

There are only a few studies with a small sample size of patients that have compared the risks of using chest tubes versus thoracentesis in hepatic hydrothorax. It has been shown that many complications may arise secondary to chest tube placement and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. In this retrospective study, patients with cirrhosis were identified from the 2009 National Inpatient Sample by using ICD-9 codes; we evaluated the risk of chest tube versus thoracentesis in a largest population with hepatic hydrothorax to date to measure the mortality and the length of stay. A total of 140,573 ...


Assessment Of Chronic Disease To Determine Appropriateness Of Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Therapy, Bilal M. Omery, Maharaj Singh, Randy S. Turkel, Robyn Shearer, Arshad Jahangir, M. Eyman Mortada, Jasbir S. Sra, Indrajit Choudhuri Nov 2017

Assessment Of Chronic Disease To Determine Appropriateness Of Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Therapy, Bilal M. Omery, Maharaj Singh, Randy S. Turkel, Robyn Shearer, Arshad Jahangir, M. Eyman Mortada, Jasbir S. Sra, Indrajit Choudhuri

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy is considered appropriate when a patient is felt to have a reasonable expectation of 1-year survival. Chronic diseases have been estimated to be associated with greater than 10% annual mortality and may reduce benefits of ICD therapy. Frailty has been estimated to be associated with greater than 20% annual mortality and has been suggested to contraindicate ICD therapy.

Purpose: Determine a risk score that may identify patients in whom ICD implantation may not be appropriate.

Methods: Patients who received an ICD for primary and secondary prevention from 2008 through 2013 at the Aurora Health Care ...


Effects Of Revision Surgery On Grade Of Adverse Local Tissue Reaction Following Recall Of A Modular Hip Implant, Joseph F. Davies, Danielle M. Greer, Susan Truchan Nov 2017

Effects Of Revision Surgery On Grade Of Adverse Local Tissue Reaction Following Recall Of A Modular Hip Implant, Joseph F. Davies, Danielle M. Greer, Susan Truchan

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: The Stryker Rejuvenate modular hip implant device allows for greater versatility in matching a patient’s anatomy than conventional implants. Device recalls and in vivo metal hypersensitivity after total hip arthroplasty (THA) are common. However, recall of the Rejuvenate implant represents one of the largest recall volumes to date, highlighting our uncertainty regarding causes of device metal fretting/corrosion and adverse local tissue reaction (ALTR). While devices with metal-on-metal bearings historically were culprits for release of metal debris, more recently developed modular-neck devices add opportunity for adjacent metal components to rub together. With the Rejuvenate device, corrosion or fretting ...


Robustness Of A Newly Proposed Risk Schema For Lymphatic Dissemination In Endometrioid Endometrial Cancer, Danielle M. Greer, Jessica J.F. Kram, Callie M. Cox Bauer, Scott A. Kamelle Nov 2017

Robustness Of A Newly Proposed Risk Schema For Lymphatic Dissemination In Endometrioid Endometrial Cancer, Danielle M. Greer, Jessica J.F. Kram, Callie M. Cox Bauer, Scott A. Kamelle

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Surgical management for endometrioid endometrial cancer (EEC) includes complete lymph node dissection for all patients at risk of lymphatic dissemination. The standard risk schema, defined by Mayo Clinic, identifies low-risk patients as those with grade 1/2 EEC, myometrial invasion (MI) ≤ 50%, and tumor diameter (TD) ≤ 2 cm. We recently proposed (and published) a risk schema containing modified forms of grade, MI and TD that suggests a significant decrease in false-negative rate and need for lymphadenectomy in low-risk women.

Purpose: Evaluate robustness of our proposed schema for lymphatic dissemination risk stratification in a subsequent EEC patient cohort.

Methods: We ...


Acute Appendicitis After Liver Transplantation: A Case Report And Review Of The Literature, S. E. Sheppard, Hazel Marecki, Charles M. Psoinos, Babak Movahedi, Matthew J. Furman, Adel Bozorgzadeh, Paulo N.A. Martins Nov 2017

Acute Appendicitis After Liver Transplantation: A Case Report And Review Of The Literature, S. E. Sheppard, Hazel Marecki, Charles M. Psoinos, Babak Movahedi, Matthew J. Furman, Adel Bozorgzadeh, Paulo N.A. Martins

Open Access Articles

Acute appendicitis is one of the most common etiologies for acute abdomen. However, fewer than 30 cases of acute appendicitis after liver transplantation have so far been reported in the literature. Previous case studies have concluded that acute appendicitis after liver transplantation may present differently than in non-immunosuppressed patients and thus may lead to more complications. Herein, we describe the fourth case of laparoscopic appendectomy in a 40-year-old female presenting with an acute abdomen, 10 years after orthotopic liver transplantation for autoimmune hepatitis. Additionally, we review the literature, and emphasize the importance for laparoscopic, rather than open appendectomy after liver ...


Anatomic Humeral Head Replacement With A Press-Fit Prosthesis: An In Vivo Radiographic Study, Bryan Vopat, Jeremy Truntzer, Daniel Aaron, Jack Anavian, Joel Schwartz, Andrew Green Oct 2017

Anatomic Humeral Head Replacement With A Press-Fit Prosthesis: An In Vivo Radiographic Study, Bryan Vopat, Jeremy Truntzer, Daniel Aaron, Jack Anavian, Joel Schwartz, Andrew Green

Open Access Articles

Successful total shoulder arthroplasty is, in part, dependent on anatomic reconstruction of the glenohumeral joint. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the post-operative anatomy of total shoulder arthroplasty with an anatomic implant design in patients with primary glenohumeral osteoarthritis and compare it to published normative anatomic measurements. Fifty-one patients (56 shoulders) with primary glenohumeral osteoarthritis were treated with a press-fit humeral component as part of a total shoulder arthroplasty (Aequalis, Tornier, Edina, Minnesota). Analysis of postoperative true anterior posterior radiographs was performed with use of a custom software algorithm. The mean humeral inclination (head-shaft angle), mean humeral implant ...


Vaginal Cuff Dehiscence Presenting With Free Air 60 Days After Robotic-Assisted Hysterectomy, Daniel Munger, M. Iannamorelli, C. Galvez, C. Service Oct 2017

Vaginal Cuff Dehiscence Presenting With Free Air 60 Days After Robotic-Assisted Hysterectomy, Daniel Munger, M. Iannamorelli, C. Galvez, C. Service

Open Access Articles

Introduction: The vast majority of patients presenting with pneumoperitoneum have visceral organ perforation and require urgent diagnostic laparoscopy. Nonsurgical causes are relatively rare and may be attributed to multiple etiologies.

Case Presentation: Here we describe the case of a 38-year-old Caucasian female who presented to the emergency department with three days of cramping, epigastric abdominal pain. Her physical exam was notable for tenderness to palpation in the epigastric area and abdominal and chest X-rays showed free air under the diaphragm. Free air around the porta hepatis was verified on CT scan. Approximately 90% of pneumoperitoneum cases are due to perforation ...


Risks Of Peg Tube Placement In Patients With Cirrhosis-Associated Ascites, Yasir Al-Abboodi, Ali Ridha, Matthew J. Fasullo, Tarek H. Naguib Sep 2017

Risks Of Peg Tube Placement In Patients With Cirrhosis-Associated Ascites, Yasir Al-Abboodi, Ali Ridha, Matthew J. Fasullo, Tarek H. Naguib

Open Access Articles

This study examined the safety of placing percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube in people with liver cirrhosis. The target population was further subdivided into people with ascites (case group) and people without ascites (control). We compare the morbidity and the mortality difference of PEG placement in cirrhotic patients with ascites vs cirrhotic patients without ascites. We then examined multiple factors including sex, race, chronic illness including hypertension, congestive heart failure, and others and their influence on the inpatient mortality of all cirrhotic patients who had PEG placement. A total of 38,175 inpatient PEG tube placements were identified. Only 583 ...


Improving Type And Screen Specimen Collection Prior To Elective Surgery, Nordx Blood Bank Staff, Haley Pelletier, Suneela Nayak, Stephen Tyzik, Ruth Hanselman Aug 2017

Improving Type And Screen Specimen Collection Prior To Elective Surgery, Nordx Blood Bank Staff, Haley Pelletier, Suneela Nayak, Stephen Tyzik, Ruth Hanselman

Maine Medical Center

To avoid delays in the availability of compatible blood for elective surgery patients requiring transfusion, a type and screen specimen should be completed at least 24 hours prior to surgery. Baseline metrics in an acute care inpatient blood bank demonstrated a significant number of cases with no type or screen completed.

The objective of this KPI was to prevent any delays in providing compatible blood products to scheduled surgical patients. Several internal and external system issues were identified as a result of a root cause analysis and a number of actions were initiated.

Outcomes have been positive. Data collection post ...


Clinical Outcomes After Drug-Eluting Stents Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery In High Surgical Risk Patients With Left Main Or Three-Vessel Coronary Artery Disease, Tonga Nfor, Kambiz Shetabi, Wael Hassan, Quinta Nfor, Jayant Khitha, Anjan Gupta, Tanvir Bajwa, Suhail Allaqaband Aug 2017

Clinical Outcomes After Drug-Eluting Stents Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery In High Surgical Risk Patients With Left Main Or Three-Vessel Coronary Artery Disease, Tonga Nfor, Kambiz Shetabi, Wael Hassan, Quinta Nfor, Jayant Khitha, Anjan Gupta, Tanvir Bajwa, Suhail Allaqaband

Aurora Cardiology Fellows

Purpose Previous studies comparing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) in patients with unprotected left main or three-vessel coronary artery disease (LM-3VD) have excluded patients at high surgical risk. We compared clinical outcomes after PCI with drug-eluting stents to CABG in high surgical risk patients with LM-3VD. Methods Patients with symptomatic LM-3VD who had Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS)-predicted operative mortality >5% and were undergoing either PCI with drug-eluting stents or CABG at a tertiary care center from January 2009 to December 2010 were enrolled in this nonrandomized prospective study. Results Mean STS score ...