Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Qualitative

Discipline
Institution
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 278

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Feasibility And Validity Of Asking Patients To Define Individual Levels Of Meaningful Change On Patient-Reported Outcomes, Salene M.W. Jones, Yuxian Du, Ari Bell-Brown, Kaylin Bolt, Joseph M. Unger Jul 2020

Feasibility And Validity Of Asking Patients To Define Individual Levels Of Meaningful Change On Patient-Reported Outcomes, Salene M.W. Jones, Yuxian Du, Ari Bell-Brown, Kaylin Bolt, Joseph M. Unger

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are frequently used in clinical care to monitor treatment response. However, most guidelines on PRO use treat all patients the same. This study tested the feasibility and validity of a method for determining individually meaningful change in PRO measures.

Methods: Participants (n = 398) completed 12 pain and distress questions to define individually meaningful change. This mixed-methods study used both quantitative and qualitative analyses, including descriptive statistics, inferential statistics, and content analysis.

Results: Two-thirds (67%) of the sample reported at least one medical condition, including depression and back pain. Most participants (70%–90%) were able to answer ...


Barriers To Maternal Retention In Hiv Care In Ghana: Key Differences During Pregnancy And The Postpartum Period., Kwame S. Sakyi, Margaret Y. Lartey, Caitlin E. Kennedy, Julie A. Dension, Luke C. Mullany, Prince G. Owusu, Emma Sacks, Emily A. Hurley, Pamela J. Surkan Jul 2020

Barriers To Maternal Retention In Hiv Care In Ghana: Key Differences During Pregnancy And The Postpartum Period., Kwame S. Sakyi, Margaret Y. Lartey, Caitlin E. Kennedy, Julie A. Dension, Luke C. Mullany, Prince G. Owusu, Emma Sacks, Emily A. Hurley, Pamela J. Surkan

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Maternal retention in HIV care is lower for women in the postpartum period than during pregnancy, but the reasons are poorly understood. We examined key differences in barriers to retention in HIV care during and after pregnancy.

METHODS: We conducted semi-structured, in-depth interviews with 30 postpartum women living with HIV. Participants were recruited from two tertiary facilities implementing Option B+ for prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission in Accra, Ghana. We collected data from mothers who had disengaged from HIV care and those who were still engaged in care. The interviews were analyzed using principles adapted from grounded theory.

RESULTS ...


Secure Messaging, Diabetes Self-Management, And The Importance Of Patient Autonomy: A Mixed Methods Study, Stephanie A. Robinson, Mark S. Zocchi, Dane Netherton, Arlene S. Ash, Carolyn M. Purington, Samantha L. Connolly, Varsha G. Vimalananda, Timothy P. Hogan, Stephanie L. Shimada May 2020

Secure Messaging, Diabetes Self-Management, And The Importance Of Patient Autonomy: A Mixed Methods Study, Stephanie A. Robinson, Mark S. Zocchi, Dane Netherton, Arlene S. Ash, Carolyn M. Purington, Samantha L. Connolly, Varsha G. Vimalananda, Timothy P. Hogan, Stephanie L. Shimada

Population and Quantitative Health Sciences Publications

BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a complex, chronic disease that requires patients' effective self-management between clinical visits; this in turn relies on patient self-efficacy. The support of patient autonomy from healthcare providers is associated with better self-management and greater diabetes self-efficacy. Effective provider-patient secure messaging (SM) through patient portals may improve disease self-management and self-efficacy. SM that supports patients' sense of autonomy may mediate this effect by providing patients ready access to their health information and better communication with their clinical teams.

OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between healthcare team-initiated SM and diabetes self-management and self-efficacy, and whether this association was mediated ...


Intimate Partner Violence Against Women In Pakistan: A Review Of Qualitative Research, Tazeen S. Ali, Rida Farhan, Michelle Ayub May 2020

Intimate Partner Violence Against Women In Pakistan: A Review Of Qualitative Research, Tazeen S. Ali, Rida Farhan, Michelle Ayub

Community Health Sciences

Objective: To consolidate research data and provide an insight into areas that need further research regarding intimate partner violence.
Methods: The review targeted qualitative research-based studies done in the English language and conducted in Pakistan from 2008 to 2018 regarding intimate partner violence against women. A thorough search of Google Scholar and PubMed databases was done. Data from each selected article was extracted using a data-extraction template.
Results: Of the 2,479 results, 21(0.8%) articles were selected along with 4(0.16%) texts from grey literature. An in-depth analysis led to six broad categories: experiences/perspectives of married ...


A Descriptive Phenomenological Study Of Body Art Patients And Their Health Care Experience, Lacee Kaufmann Apr 2020

A Descriptive Phenomenological Study Of Body Art Patients And Their Health Care Experience, Lacee Kaufmann

Dissertations

This study aimed to update dated research by exploring the relationships between patients with body art (tattoos and body piercings) and their interaction with health care providers. This creates a current description of the body art patient’s health care experience. Previous research indicates that body art has been associated with risk taking and deviant behaviors and these behaviors have been used to justify why people with body art are negatively perceived. If the presence of body art and the associated behavior are viewed as a threat to normalcy, then Stangor and Crandall’s theory (2000) suggests that stigma may ...


Reflections On Study Abroad: Insights From Registered Nurses, Marie Dietrich Leurer, Arlene E. Kent-Wilkinson, Janet Luimes, Lee Murray, Vicki Squires, Linda M. Ferguson, Carmen Dell Apr 2020

Reflections On Study Abroad: Insights From Registered Nurses, Marie Dietrich Leurer, Arlene E. Kent-Wilkinson, Janet Luimes, Lee Murray, Vicki Squires, Linda M. Ferguson, Carmen Dell

Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière

Globalization has resulted in the increased internationalization of higher education with most universities hosting international students and sending domestic students on international learning experiences. As part of this trend, many undergraduate nursing programs offer study abroad clinical placements to promote cultural sensitivity and global citizenship. While there is an abundance of research evaluating student perceptions of specific international study abroad experiences soon upon their return, there is little research exploring longer-term perspectives of participants across a range of diverse international placement sites. To provide guidance for their study abroad program, a nursing school in western Canada gathered the perspectives of ...


Understanding Etiologies Of Road Traffic Crashes, Injuries, And Death For Patients At National Hospital Abuja: A Qualitative Content Analysis Using Haddon’S Matrix, Benjamin D. Holmes, Kristin Haglund, Emmanuel A. Ameh, Oluwole O. Olaomi, Uthman Uthman, Laura D. Cassidy Apr 2020

Understanding Etiologies Of Road Traffic Crashes, Injuries, And Death For Patients At National Hospital Abuja: A Qualitative Content Analysis Using Haddon’S Matrix, Benjamin D. Holmes, Kristin Haglund, Emmanuel A. Ameh, Oluwole O. Olaomi, Uthman Uthman, Laura D. Cassidy

The Qualitative Report

Road traffic crashes and sequelae are reaching pandemic proportions globally and have currently achieved disproportionately high levels in Nigeria. Quantitative studies are accumulating in the peer-reviewed literature, but there is a paucity of qualitative research in Nigeria. Data for this study of structural and behavioral factors of road traffic crashes and injuries in Federal Capital Territory were collected in semi-structured interviews with crash survivors at National Hospital Abuja. Interviews were analyzed via qualitative content analysis, revealing crash location and participant beliefs about crash etiologies. Units of analysis were developed from participant statements and were structured within four a priori etiologic ...


Cultural Narratives Of Micronesian Islander Parent Leaders: Maternal And Children's Health, The School System, And The Role Of Culture, Connie K. Y. Nguyen-Truong Dr., Jacqueline Leung Dr., Kapiolani Micky Jan 2020

Cultural Narratives Of Micronesian Islander Parent Leaders: Maternal And Children's Health, The School System, And The Role Of Culture, Connie K. Y. Nguyen-Truong Dr., Jacqueline Leung Dr., Kapiolani Micky

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Background: In Oregon in the United States’ Pacific Northwest, Native Hawaiians/ Pacific Islanders including Micronesian Islanders (MI) substantially grew by 68%; however, research is sparse. This is often due to data aggregation as Asian and Pacific Islanders and community members’ reluctance and wariness to participate in research due to a history of unethical research in the Pacific. The MI community experienced miscarriages, stillbirths, and mental intellectual and developmental disabilities. Organizational MI community leaders expressed a need to explore the voices of MI parent leaders. The purpose of the qualitative descriptive pilot study was to explore the perceptions and experiences of ...


Current Trends In Pediatric Physical Therapy Practice For Children With Down Syndrome, Beka Johnson, Julia Looper Pt, Phd, Alyssa Fiss Pt, Phd Jan 2020

Current Trends In Pediatric Physical Therapy Practice For Children With Down Syndrome, Beka Johnson, Julia Looper Pt, Phd, Alyssa Fiss Pt, Phd

Beka Johnson

Current Trends in Pediatric Physical Therapy Practice for Children with Down Syndrome
                                             Johnson, Beka. Looper, Julia. Fiss, Alyssa.         
 
Background. There is limited practical consensus among physical therapists (PTs) about which characteristics of DS are ‘PT related problems,’ and insufficient research evidence regarding what a PT intervention should entail. Purpose. Understand current PT practice for children with DS. Methods. A survey was designed and distributed via mail to 1000 randomly selected members of the Academy of Pediatric PT. It included seven demographic questions and two open-ended questions regarding common impairments and interventions for children with DS. PTs who had not treated ...


Qualitative Research In Pharmacy Education: An Exploration Of Pharmacy Education Researchers' Perceptions And Experiences Conducting Qualitative Research, Antonio A. Bush, Mauriell Amechi, Adam Persky Jan 2020

Qualitative Research In Pharmacy Education: An Exploration Of Pharmacy Education Researchers' Perceptions And Experiences Conducting Qualitative Research, Antonio A. Bush, Mauriell Amechi, Adam Persky

Educational Foundations & Leadership Faculty Publications

Objective. To investigate pharmacy education researchers’ experiences in conducting qualitative research and their perceptions of qualitative research in pharmacy education

Methods. A phenomenological approach was used to conduct one-time, in-depth interviews with 19 participants from 12 schools and colleges of pharmacy. Interview transcripts were coded and themes were identified using a modified form of the Sort and Sift, Think and Shift method of data analysis.

Results. Faculty members were the largest subgroup in the sample, followed by graduate students, postdoctoral fellows/scholars, and residents. Pharmacy education researchers had varying levels of training in conducting qualitative research and some had none ...


An Exploration Of Pharmacy Education Researchers' Perceptions And Experiences Conducting Qualitative Research, Antonio A. Bush, Mauriell Amechi, Adam Persky Jan 2020

An Exploration Of Pharmacy Education Researchers' Perceptions And Experiences Conducting Qualitative Research, Antonio A. Bush, Mauriell Amechi, Adam Persky

Educational Foundations & Leadership Faculty Publications

Objective. To investigate pharmacy education researchers' experiences in conducting qualitative research and their perceptions of qualitative research in pharmacy education

Methods. A phenomenological approach was used to conduct one-time, in-depth interviews with 19 participants from 12 schools and colleges of pharmacy. Interview transcripts were coded and themes were identified using a modified form of the Sort and Sift, Think and Shift method of data analysis.

Results. Faculty members were the largest subgroup in the sample, followed by graduate students, postdoctoral fellows/scholars, and residents. Pharmacy education researchers had varying levels of training in conducting qualitative research and some had none ...


A Qualitative Analysis Of Caregiver Goals For Urban Children With And Without Asthma, Megan M. Carlson Jan 2020

A Qualitative Analysis Of Caregiver Goals For Urban Children With And Without Asthma, Megan M. Carlson

Theses and Dissertations

Pediatric asthma is a major public health concern that disproportionately affects children of color and youth living in low-income, urban areas. The implications for public health, child health, and family functioning necessitates our understanding and addressing experiences by families who are facing barriers within their socio-demographic context in addition to the stressors associated with managing pediatric asthma. The current study applied qualitative methods to interviews with caregivers of children with and without asthma in an effort to more deeply connect with caregivers’ experiences and yield richer information about the intersection of identities as Black caregivers living in an urban setting ...


A Phenomenological Photovoice Exploration Of Female Exercisers’ Experiences Of Their Body In Fitness Center Environments, Katherine E. Fairhurst Jan 2020

A Phenomenological Photovoice Exploration Of Female Exercisers’ Experiences Of Their Body In Fitness Center Environments, Katherine E. Fairhurst

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

For many women, the relationship with their body and exercise is complex. Exercise can have positive effects on body image, however, not all women appear to benefit positively from all types of exercise. To date, body image research has focused on exercise as an activity and less so on the context in which exercise is performed. Women frequently exercise in fitness centers as young adults which, unfortunately, is associated with body dissatisfaction. Using an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) approach with Photovoice methodology, we explored young adult women’s lived body experiences while exercising in fitness centers. A purposive sample of ...


Therapeutic Approaches To Recovery In West Virginia, Rachel A. Wattick Jan 2020

Therapeutic Approaches To Recovery In West Virginia, Rachel A. Wattick

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Substance use disorder (SUD) is a prevalent problem in the United States, with 19.7 million Americans aged 12 and older battling an SUD in 2017. Multiple factors influence the risk that someone will develop an SUD, including family history, childhood trauma, community factors, and poverty. West Virginia has the highest rate of overdose deaths in the nation, and individuals in WV are at high risk of SUD due to the aforementioned risk factors. There are a variety of treatment options available to someone with an SUD. These include outpatient or inpatient treatment, detoxification, therapeutic communities, and collegiate recovery programs ...


Social And Psychological Factors Associated With Health Care Transition For Young Adults Living With Sickle Cell Disease, Dora L. Clayton-Jones, Nadine Matthie, Marsha Treadwell, Joshua Field, Amy Mager, Rachel Sawdy, Safiya George Dalmida, Cynthia Leonard, Kathryn L. Koch, Kristin Haglund Dec 2019

Social And Psychological Factors Associated With Health Care Transition For Young Adults Living With Sickle Cell Disease, Dora L. Clayton-Jones, Nadine Matthie, Marsha Treadwell, Joshua Field, Amy Mager, Rachel Sawdy, Safiya George Dalmida, Cynthia Leonard, Kathryn L. Koch, Kristin Haglund

College of Nursing Faculty Research and Publications

Introduction: Due to advances in disease management, mortality rates in children with sickle cell disease (SCD) have decreased. However, mortality rates for young adults (YA) increased, and understanding of social and psychological factors is critical. The aim of this study was to explore factors associated with health care transition experiences for YA with SCD.

Method: This was a qualitative descriptive study. A 45-minute semistructured interview was conducted with 13 YA (M = 21.5 years, SD = 1.73).

Results: Results suggest that social and psychological factors and self-management experiences influence health care transition. Eight themes emerged: “need for accessible support”; “early ...


An Exploration Of Pharmacy Education Researchers' Perceptions Of And Experiences Conducting Qualitative Research: Challenges And Benefits, Antonio A. Bush, Mauriell H. Amechi, Adam Persky Dec 2019

An Exploration Of Pharmacy Education Researchers' Perceptions Of And Experiences Conducting Qualitative Research: Challenges And Benefits, Antonio A. Bush, Mauriell H. Amechi, Adam Persky

Our House Articles, Posters, and Presentations

Objective: To investigate pharmacy education researchers’ experiences conducting qualitative research and their perceptions of qualitative research in pharmacy education.

Methods: One-time, in-depth interviews were conducted with 19 participants across 12 schools/ colleges of pharmacy. Faculty represented the most significant demographic in the sample, followed by graduate students, postdoctoral fellows/scholars, and residents. Interview transcripts were coded, and emergent themes were identified using a modified form of the Sort and Sift, Think and Shift method.

Results: This study revealed that pharmacy education researchers have varying levels of training in conducting qualitative research or none at all. On average, participants had either ...


How Suicide-Bereaved Family Members Experience The Inquest Process: A Qualitative Study Using Thematic Analysis, Ailbhe Spillane, Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Celine Larkin, Paul Corcoran, Ella Arensman Dec 2019

How Suicide-Bereaved Family Members Experience The Inquest Process: A Qualitative Study Using Thematic Analysis, Ailbhe Spillane, Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Celine Larkin, Paul Corcoran, Ella Arensman

Open Access Articles

PURPOSE: Suicide bereavement confers unique risk and distress. In several countries, bereaved family members are called on to attend an inquest, an official public inquiry into deaths caused by external factors. The current study aimed to explore how suicide-bereaved family members (n = 18) experienced the inquest process, through qualitative semi-structured interviews.

METHOD: Participants were identified via coroner's records and had previously taken part in a case-control study.

RESULTS: Qualitative findings indicated four overall themes with respect to family members' experiences of the inquest process: "inquest as fearfully unknown", "structural processes of the inquest", "enduring public and private pain to ...


Understanding Participation In A Community-Based Art Program, Melody Taban, Otd, Otr, Gabrielle Kains, Otd, Otr/L, Lydia Navarro-Walker, Otd, Otr/L, Namrata Grampurohit, Phd, Otr/L Oct 2019

Understanding Participation In A Community-Based Art Program, Melody Taban, Otd, Otr, Gabrielle Kains, Otd, Otr/L, Lydia Navarro-Walker, Otd, Otr/L, Namrata Grampurohit, Phd, Otr/L

Department of Occupational Therapy Posters and Presentations

Objectives

  1. To understand the perceived benefits of occupational engagement with art for people with dementia and their informal caregivers
  2. To understand the art program’s influence on interpersonal relationships


Experiences Of Violence Among Female West African Asylum Seekers In Atlanta: A Qualitative Analysis, Kathleen E. Curtis, Dabney P. Evans Oct 2019

Experiences Of Violence Among Female West African Asylum Seekers In Atlanta: A Qualitative Analysis, Kathleen E. Curtis, Dabney P. Evans

Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association

Background: As the world faces the greatest number of displaced persons in history, it is urgent for countries offering refuge and asylum to understand the needs of these vulnerable populations. Asylum seekers face great uncertainty in the US legal system, and female asylum seekers often face additional challenges. The Atlanta Asylum Network (AAN) facilitates access to low or no-cost physical, psychological and gynecological evaluations to enable a fair and complete judicial process. The purpose of this analysis is to assess the presence of various types of violence experienced by a population of female West African asylum seekers, and to make ...


Barriers To Health Among Idps In Kabul, Afghanistan: A Qualitative Study, Yagana Parwak, Madhavi Dandu, Rohini J. Haar Aug 2019

Barriers To Health Among Idps In Kabul, Afghanistan: A Qualitative Study, Yagana Parwak, Madhavi Dandu, Rohini J. Haar

Journal of Refugee & Global Health

Background: Forced displacement is a significant problem for regions experiencing prolonged humanitarian crises due to armed conflict. Afghanistan, having experienced over four decades of conflict, has an estimated 1.2 million internally displaced persons (IDPs), a majority of which are concentrated in urban centers. IDPs have limited resources and face challenges accessing health services through traditional channels, leading to a disproportionate burden of morbidity and mortality. Health care facilities created for and existing within IDP camps also face numerous challenges. We aim to understand the structural factors that negatively impact health and the specific barriers to healthcare access for IDPs ...


Creating A Culture Of Courage: A Behavioral Health Study Of Resilience And Response To Traumatic Events For Firefighters, Brett Ellis Aug 2019

Creating A Culture Of Courage: A Behavioral Health Study Of Resilience And Response To Traumatic Events For Firefighters, Brett Ellis

CUP Ed.D. Dissertations

Firefighters experience a variety of challenging situations and traumatic events while performing necessary job duties as public servants, which can create behavioral health concerns and even suicide ideation. The purpose of this study is to recognize how individual resilience relates to lived experiences for firefighters who may need next-level behavioral healthcare, which in turn, will identify higher “at risk” firefighters with suicide ideation who need increased mental and emotional care outside of peer interventions. The fundamental question centers on what role does individual resilience, as well as formal and informal resources of behavioral health support, play in mitigating the impact ...


A Phenomenological Investigation Of Women’S Infertility And Miscarriage Grief Experiences, Tristan Mcbain Aug 2019

A Phenomenological Investigation Of Women’S Infertility And Miscarriage Grief Experiences, Tristan Mcbain

Dissertations

Infertility and miscarriage are reproductive losses that often produce grief reactions in affected women. This phenomenological study investigated the grief experiences of infertility and miscarriage through the ambiguous loss and disenfranchised grief frameworks in order to better understand both the obscurity of reproductive loss and how the resulting grief may be invalidated.

Sixteen women volunteered to participate in this study and each fell into one of the following three categories: women affected by infertility without miscarriage (4); women affected by miscarriage without infertility (4); and women affected by infertility and miscarriage (8). A phenomenological hermeneutic approach was utilized to uncover ...


Exploring Rural And Urban Go Nap Sacc Trained Child Care Providers Perceptions And Needs Regarding The Promotion Of Physical Activity And Healthy Eating, Kailey Snyder, Zainab Rida, Emily Hulse, Dipti Dev, Danae Dinkel Jul 2019

Exploring Rural And Urban Go Nap Sacc Trained Child Care Providers Perceptions And Needs Regarding The Promotion Of Physical Activity And Healthy Eating, Kailey Snyder, Zainab Rida, Emily Hulse, Dipti Dev, Danae Dinkel

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications

Introduction: Early childhood is an optimal time to support the development of physical activity and healthy eating behaviors. As over half of children are cared for in family child care homes and child care centers it is crucial to ensure these behaviors are being supported in the childcare setting. One such process that supports provider’s education and implementation of healthy behaviors in the childcare setting is the Nutrition and Physical Activity Assessment in Child Care (Go NAP SACC). However, after participation in Go NAP SACC, little is known regarding how to further support providers in their promotion of healthy ...


Elevating Student Understanding: Irish Occupational Therapy Students’ Experience Of A Service Learning Project, Karen Mccarthy, Marian Mccarthy Jul 2019

Elevating Student Understanding: Irish Occupational Therapy Students’ Experience Of A Service Learning Project, Karen Mccarthy, Marian Mccarthy

Karen McCarthy

Service learning is a pedagogy that embraces learning in action and addresses community needs. Since the adoption of the Occupational Therapy Competencies in 2008 and the launch of national occupational therapist registration in Ireland in 2015, there has been limited research on the effectiveness of service learning pedagogies in Irish higher education for meeting core competencies. The majority of research focusing on evaluating service learning have been North American studies which brings to question the relevance of these service learning outcomes beyond North America and specifically Ireland. This qualitative study examined 11 occupational therapy students’ journal reflections, portfolio entries, and ...


A Qualitative Phenomenological Exploration Of The Experiences Of Individuals With Parkinson’S Disease Engaged In A Boxing Program, Bradley Maccosham, Evan Webb, Jessica Oey, Francois Gravelle Jul 2019

A Qualitative Phenomenological Exploration Of The Experiences Of Individuals With Parkinson’S Disease Engaged In A Boxing Program, Bradley Maccosham, Evan Webb, Jessica Oey, Francois Gravelle

The Qualitative Report

Boxing has emerged as a beneficial form of physical activity (PA) for individuals with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Research typically emphasizes the physical benefits of boxing for individuals with PD but neglects other aspects that could promote long-term engagement in such programs. This study qualitatively explored the experiences of individuals with PD who are engaged in a boxing program. A qualitative phenomenological methodology was utilized. Twelve participants took part in a semi-structured interview. Data were thematically analyzed. Analysis revealed that participants experienced a variety of physical, social, and psychological aspects. Findings suggest that participants perceived increases in physical abilities and ...


A Qualitative Analysis Of Problematic And Non-Problematic Alcohol Use After Bariatric Surgery, Danielle L. Reaves, Joanne M. Dickson, Jason C. G. Halford, Paul Christiansen, Charlotte A. Hardman Jul 2019

A Qualitative Analysis Of Problematic And Non-Problematic Alcohol Use After Bariatric Surgery, Danielle L. Reaves, Joanne M. Dickson, Jason C. G. Halford, Paul Christiansen, Charlotte A. Hardman

ECU Publications Post 2013

OBJECTIVES: Bariatric surgery is an effective weight loss tool, but an under-communicated side effect may include the increased risk for alcohol problems. Few studies have examined contributors towards alcohol problems following surgery using a qualitative approach. Therefore, the current study aimed to generate insight informed by participants with problematic alcohol use following bariatric surgery, in comparison with participants without.

METHODS: Participants (14; females, n = 9; males, n = 5) completed semi-structured interviews using questions relating to alcohol use, relationship to food, support and surgical experiences. Thematic analysis was conducted to provide insight into the factors which influenced drinking behaviours that participants ...


New Graduate Nurses' Understanding And Attitudes About Patient Safety Upon Transition To Practice, Melanie Murray, Deborah Sundin, Vicki Cope Jul 2019

New Graduate Nurses' Understanding And Attitudes About Patient Safety Upon Transition To Practice, Melanie Murray, Deborah Sundin, Vicki Cope

ECU Publications Post 2013

AIMS: To explore the transition experiences of newly graduated registered nurses with particular attention to patient safety.

BACKGROUND: New graduate registered nurses' transition is accompanied by a degree of shock which may be in tune with the described theory-practice gap. The limited exposure to clinical settings and experiences leaves these nurses at risk of making errors and not recognising deterioration, prioritising time management and task completion over patient safety and care.

DESIGN: Qualitative descriptive approach using semi-structured interviews.

METHODS: Data were collected during 2017-18 from 11 participants consenting to face-to-face or telephone semi-structured interviews. Interviews were transcribed verbatim, and data ...


Perspectives Of Health Educators And Interviewers In A Randomized Controlled Trial Of A Postpartum Diabetes Prevention Program For Latinas: A Qualitative Assessment, Aline Gubrium, Denise Leckenby, Megan Ward Harvey, Bess H. Marcus, Milagros C. Rosal, Lisa Chasan-Taber Jun 2019

Perspectives Of Health Educators And Interviewers In A Randomized Controlled Trial Of A Postpartum Diabetes Prevention Program For Latinas: A Qualitative Assessment, Aline Gubrium, Denise Leckenby, Megan Ward Harvey, Bess H. Marcus, Milagros C. Rosal, Lisa Chasan-Taber

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Lifestyle interventions regularly rely on study staff to implement the intervention and collect outcomes data directly from study participants. This study describes the experiences of project staff in two randomized controlled trials of a postpartum lifestyle intervention to reduce risk factors for type 2 diabetes in Latinas. Latinas are the fastest growing minority group in the U.S. and have the highest rates of type 2 diabetes after a diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus. The challenges of implementing lifestyle interventions for postpartum women have been poorly documented.

METHODS: A qualitative focus group was conducted with eight staff members (five ...


“Do I Need Exercise?” A Qualitative Study On Factors Affecting Leisure-Time Physical Activity In India, Shalini Garg, V Raman Kutty May 2019

“Do I Need Exercise?” A Qualitative Study On Factors Affecting Leisure-Time Physical Activity In India, Shalini Garg, V Raman Kutty

The Qualitative Report

Physical activity can reduce the risk of premature mortality from various chronic diseases. Previous research in Kerala, India indicates several barriers which can impact physical activity levels. Perceptions about the importance of health-promoting physical activity were examined among adults in Kerala and various facilitators, motivators and barriers to physical activity were identified using focus group discussions and interviews with key informants. At present, the attitude of people and health professionals is that physical activity has to be taken up when diagnosed with a disease (obesity, diabetes) and advised by a health professional. Men were more likely to start exercising after ...


Mississippi Registered Nurse Perceptions When Communicating With Limited-English-Speaking And Non-English-Speaking Patients, Mary Pipper Widdig May 2019

Mississippi Registered Nurse Perceptions When Communicating With Limited-English-Speaking And Non-English-Speaking Patients, Mary Pipper Widdig

Dissertations

Communication serves as the foundation for safe and effective healthcare practice. Effective nurse-patient communication is the cornerstone of the nurse-patient relationship and is vital for the delivery of safe and effective healthcare. Research has shown patients who are communication impaired are at a greater risk of medical error and poorer health outcomes. A review of the literature revealed various nurse perceptions of barriers when providing care for limited-English-speaking patients and non-English-speaking patients. LEP and NEP patients also identified similar perceived barriers when receiving care. Both nurses and patients revealed a distrust for interpreters and interpreter services. The literature review revealed ...