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Articles 1 - 30 of 619

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Health Justice And Kinesiology Research: An Interview With Dr. Scherezade K. Mama, Scherezade K. Mama, Tyanez Jones Nov 2018

Health Justice And Kinesiology Research: An Interview With Dr. Scherezade K. Mama, Scherezade K. Mama, Tyanez Jones

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

The Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis has traditionally published interviews with individuals who have strong connections to our special issue topics. We believe that interviews are important ways to contribute to the conversation surrounding critical issues in social justice.


College Of Public Health News, Georgia Southern University Oct 2018

College Of Public Health News, Georgia Southern University

Public Health, Jiann-Ping Hsu College of - News

  • Georgia Southern students, health officials collaborate for inaugural drivethru flu clinics


New York After 9/11 [Chapter: Conflict And Change], Zachary Baron Shemtob, Patrick Sweeney, Susan Opotow Sep 2018

New York After 9/11 [Chapter: Conflict And Change], Zachary Baron Shemtob, Patrick Sweeney, Susan Opotow

New York State History

An estimated 2 billion people around the world watched the catastrophic destruction of the World Trade Center. The enormity of the moment was immediately understood, and both news coverage and history of the catastrophe quickly took on global proportions—less understood has been the effect on the locus of the attacks, New York City, not as a seat of political or economic power, but as a community; not in the days and weeks afterward, but in the months and years. This period of tumultuous change offers important insights about New York today and holds important lessons for the future. New ...


Combatting The Opioid Crisis On College Campuses: A Harm Reduction Approach, Corey L. Lepoudre Jul 2018

Combatting The Opioid Crisis On College Campuses: A Harm Reduction Approach, Corey L. Lepoudre

Celebration of Learning

College aged people are at a high risk of opioid misuse due to several risks including: an increased opioid misuse in people between the ages of 18-25, those who experience daily elevated stress, and those who live in metropolitan areas or in the Midwest region of the United States. Due to these risks, a harm reduction initiative geared toward college populations is beneficial to prevent a further increase in opioid misuse and overdose. A harm reduction approach was used to develop an educational toolkit for Quad City Harm Reduction to conduct a one-hour workshop for college faculty and students. Harm ...


The Path Of Stroke Care: Nurse Education Materials For Unitypoint Health Trinity Medical Center, Nicole Montgomery Jul 2018

The Path Of Stroke Care: Nurse Education Materials For Unitypoint Health Trinity Medical Center, Nicole Montgomery

Celebration of Learning

Stroke is the fifth leading cause of death in the United States. About 795,000 people in the United States have a stroke every year. National best practice measures regarding stroke care are promoted through the quality and education department at UnityPoint Health Trinity Medical Center. Trinity’s nurses are encouraged to update their skills at the annual Spring Fling informational fair. Through working with the quality and education department, informational materials regarding the care path of a stroke patient were created and delivered in order to educate nurses about these national best practice measures. This project utilized interpersonal communication ...


Homeruns For Health: An Intervention Using Sports To Increase Physical Activity In Kids Attending An After-School Program, Nicholas D. Phalen Jul 2018

Homeruns For Health: An Intervention Using Sports To Increase Physical Activity In Kids Attending An After-School Program, Nicholas D. Phalen

Celebration of Learning

This health behavior intervention targets the physical activity of kids (ages 6-14) at the Boys and Girls Club of the Mississippi Valley in Moline, Illinois. This intervention was developed with the application of the Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) during a 10-week long internship at the Boys and Girls Club of the Mississippi Valley’s (BGCMV) facility. A trend of lengthy “screen time” and a lack of emphasis on the importance of physical activity were both noticed during said internship. To address these observations, help was sought out from varsity athletic programs at Augustana College, a private institution in the area ...


Jefferson Digital Commons Quarterly Report: April-June 2018, Kelsey Duinkerken, Msi, James Copeland, Libt Jul 2018

Jefferson Digital Commons Quarterly Report: April-June 2018, Kelsey Duinkerken, Msi, James Copeland, Libt

Jefferson Digital Commons Reports

This quarterly report includes:

  • New Feature: PlumX Metrics
  • New Feature: CrossRef DOIs
  • College Restructuring
  • Articles
  • CREATE Day Presentations
  • Department of Surgery Resident Research Day
  • Dissertations
  • From the Archives
  • Grand Rounds and Lectures
  • Master of Public Health Capstones
  • Newsletters
  • Pathology Honors Program Student Research Symposium
  • Posters
  • What People are Saying About the JDC


[2018 Winner] Filipino Americans: A Health Profile Addressing Health Disparities And The Effects Of U.S. Assimilation And Discrimination, Marisol Cruz Jun 2018

[2018 Winner] Filipino Americans: A Health Profile Addressing Health Disparities And The Effects Of U.S. Assimilation And Discrimination, Marisol Cruz

Ethnic Studies Award

Filipino Americans have a rich history in migrating to the U.S as well as assimilating into American culture. They have a distinct immigrant experience because of their colonial past. This paper states Filipino American U.S demographics, health statistics, and traditional health beliefs and practices to understand Filipino American culture and beliefs. Lastly, there is an emphasis in the leading health disparity among them, heart disease, and the effects of racism and discrimination and how that impacts a Filipino Americans overall physical and mental health.


Navigating Medicaid And Managed Care Organizations Of Iowa, Charlotte Engle May 2018

Navigating Medicaid And Managed Care Organizations Of Iowa, Charlotte Engle

Celebration of Learning

Policies regarding Medicaid and managed care organizations (MCOs) have been changing rapidly with the current political climate. Because of these frequent changes being made to policies, a lack of knowledge regarding benefits of MCOs and Medicaid that is prevalent among the clients of the Integrated Health Home (IHH) program of Family Resources, Inc. in Davenport, Iowa. A Iowa Managed Health Insurance (IMHI) resource guide was developed using the health literate care model to introduce and explain the benefits of the MCOs and Medicaid plans of the families of the individuals enrolled in the IHH program and give clients the resources ...


El Salvador: Gun Violence, Sofia Wajner May 2018

El Salvador: Gun Violence, Sofia Wajner

Global Issues in Public Health

El Salvador, a country about the same size as the U.S’s New Jersey and a population of over six million people, has a death rate of 5.8 per 1,000. Even after going to war in the 1980s and 1990s, El Salvador is still riddled with everyday gun violence. Due to severe gang activity, the death toll has skyrocketed and police interjection only makes it worse. The leftist government of President Salvador Sánchez Cerén, has opposed negotiations and moved gang leaders into tighter-security prisons, moves that have intensified the climate of confrontation. Plans to combat gang and ...


How Policy Affects Workplace Health: A Comparison Of Workplace Health Policies Between Kentucky & Colorado, Mackenzie Pennington May 2018

How Policy Affects Workplace Health: A Comparison Of Workplace Health Policies Between Kentucky & Colorado, Mackenzie Pennington

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

With people spending a significant portion of their lives in the workforce, workplace health promotion programs are a growing asset in workplaces across the United States. Due to rising health care costs and an increased prevalence of chronic illnesses and diseases, workplace health promotion programs have been suggested to both reduce health care costs for employers and employees as well as curb risky behaviors that lead to chronic illnesses and diseases. In the U.S., policies have long been used to encourage behavioral change. While a significant amount of workplace health research has addressed the fact that written policies are ...


Life Can Change In The Blink Of An Eye Capstone, Christopher Rutigliano, Jillian Elalaoui, Kristin Humphrey, Phillip Gates, Mohamed Ndjikam, Highness Meena, Adam Menard, Spencer Pickney May 2018

Life Can Change In The Blink Of An Eye Capstone, Christopher Rutigliano, Jillian Elalaoui, Kristin Humphrey, Phillip Gates, Mohamed Ndjikam, Highness Meena, Adam Menard, Spencer Pickney

School of Professional Studies

Texting and driving is one of the most widespread and uncontrollable of epidemics that have arose to prominence in the 21st century. Texting and driving is now a global issue, that has left nations across the road scrambling to implement new laws and preventative measures to stunt the increasing rates of accidents and fatalities caused by texting and driving. The severity of the issue has lead to a multitude of different entities ranging from domestic and foreign governments, cell phone and car manufacturers, cell phone carriers, and insurance agencies to seek new methods to prevent texting and driving. Determining the ...


Examining Food Insecurity Among High School Students: A Risks And Resources Model, Jill Niemeier May 2018

Examining Food Insecurity Among High School Students: A Risks And Resources Model, Jill Niemeier

Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the relationships between food insecurity, risks, and resources among adolescents attending a large high school in Northwest Arkansas. In a sample of 1,493 students, in which the majority are Hispanic/Latino and receive free and reduced lunch, food insecurity relationships were first assessed controlling for a number of sociodemographic variables, such as ethnicity, gender, and social class. In addition, a number of risk and resource variables were identified at four ecological levels: individual, family, school/peer, and community. These risks and resources were analyzed using a three-step ordinal regression model in order to examine how sociodemographic ...


Infant Mortality And Maternal Health In Hartford, Ct, Chelsea Armistead Apr 2018

Infant Mortality And Maternal Health In Hartford, Ct, Chelsea Armistead

Senior Theses and Projects

Infant mortality is the death of an infant within the first year of life. These deaths are measured annually as a rate per every 1,000 live births and is a key indicator about maternal and infant health in a society (CDC, 2018). The United States infant mortality rate is very high when compared to other equally wealthy nations. Black infants die at a much higher rate than other racial groups, including in Connecticut. The city of Hartford's Department of Health and Human Services has plans to reduce infant mortality by providing quality prenatal and postpartum care programs and ...


What To Expect When You’Re Expecting: The Impacts China’S Maternal And Child Health Care Law Has Had On Tibetan Birthing Practices In The Diqing Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Hannah Mishriky Apr 2018

What To Expect When You’Re Expecting: The Impacts China’S Maternal And Child Health Care Law Has Had On Tibetan Birthing Practices In The Diqing Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Hannah Mishriky

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

While childbirth is universal, it is undeniable that class, culture, ethnicity, and the scientific and political state of medicine all influence how women experienced it. The Tibetan ethnic minority of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) is a culture that exemplifies the uniqueness of each birth. Due to both their distinctive childbirth beliefs and practices, as well as the swift changes China has undergone, Tibetan birthing experiences are asking to be explored.

This study will focus on two major factors influencing Tibetan women's birthing experiences. To begin, research will be done to understand the Buddhist influences surrounding pregnancy ...


Global Health And Disability: A Review And Call To Action For All Rehabilitation Professions, Evan M. Pucillo, Matthew B. Huish, Quinn Tate, Edward C. O'Bryan, Ty T. Dickerson Feb 2018

Global Health And Disability: A Review And Call To Action For All Rehabilitation Professions, Evan M. Pucillo, Matthew B. Huish, Quinn Tate, Edward C. O'Bryan, Ty T. Dickerson

Physical Therapy

The World Health Organization estimates 15% of the world’s population is living with disability and anticipates an increase as the population ages. Disability is a growing healthcare concern and presents a tremendous burden to all nations. The world will soon need to provide health and rehabilitative care for an enormous number of persons with disability. The purpose of this article is to provide a brief narrative review pertaining to global health and rehabilitation, and to motivate the rehabilitation professions in taking immediate action through further investment in global health initiatives to manage both the current and projected burden of ...


United Arab Emirates: Mers-Cov, Sarmad Nawaz Khan Jan 2018

United Arab Emirates: Mers-Cov, Sarmad Nawaz Khan

Global Public Health

United Arab Emirates is a federal absolute monarchy in Western Asia at the South East end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the East and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north. The current population of the UAE is 9,457,851. It is a federation of hereditary absolute monarchies, governed by a Federal Supreme Council made up of seven Emirs. The external and internal challenges faced by United Arab Emirates are some security and political issues and in the field ...


Lebanon: Cholera Outbreak, Muhammad Naqvi Jan 2018

Lebanon: Cholera Outbreak, Muhammad Naqvi

Global Public Health

Lebanon is a country that has always been tangled with the ever looming threat of a growing health crisis. With a failing government and massive influx of refugees, mostly the victim of their war torn economy, it seemed inevitable that sanitation procedures would run short. Now the Lebanese people and government face the challenge of the spread of Cholera, a water-borne disease, within the countries vicinity as a result of mass pollution from the formation of informal settlements as well as the country being a hotbed for political instability. These have resulted in limited success in controlling the outbreak engulfing ...


Ethiopia: Malaria, Courtney R. Olson Jan 2018

Ethiopia: Malaria, Courtney R. Olson

Global Public Health

Ethiopia is a developing country located on the easternmost part of Africa. Ethiopia has a population of around 105 million people. With such a high population, Ethiopia faces a majority of infectious diseases; one of which is Malaria. In Ethiopia alone, there are around 3 million cases of Malaria each year and it is known to be the biggest health risk for this developing country. Because a majority of Ethiopians live under the poverty line, adequate food, water, shelter, and medical services are slim to none. Although drug interventions have been found to be somewhat beneficial, the problem continues to ...


Bhutan: Human Trafficking, Cindy Osagie Jan 2018

Bhutan: Human Trafficking, Cindy Osagie

Global Public Health

Human trafficking has been present in Bhutan for many years but has continued to increase along Bhutan’s borders. The reason for this increase can be contributed to the rise of vulnerable citizens. In particular, women and children are extremely susceptible to forced labor and sex trafficking. This brief further details the challenges, political structure, epidemiology, and also the intervention and identification of human trafficking in Bhutan. The increase of human trafficking can also be correlated to the rise in HIV/AIDS in Bhutan. The challenges that has stopped any progress in reducing human trafficking, is the government of Bhutan ...


Benin: Malaria, Daniel Priggie Jan 2018

Benin: Malaria, Daniel Priggie

Global Public Health

Benin is a country in Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Benin, between Nigeria and Tago. Malaria is one of the top diseases in Benin, with an estimated five to ten thousand confirmed cases, but the number of actual cases is expected to be much higher. The disease can be potentially life-threatening for individuals who become infected. Malaria is an extremely severe blood disease, that if left untreated can become life threatening. Malaria is transmitted through the bite of the mosquito. The problem has become so severe in Benin that malaria is considered to be one of the high-risk diseases ...


Slovenia: Cardiovascular Disease, Natalia Pinto Jan 2018

Slovenia: Cardiovascular Disease, Natalia Pinto

Global Public Health

Though the rates of mortality due to cardiovascular diseases in Slovenia have decreased, this is still the leading cause of death in the country. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in Europe in general as well. Various forms of heart disease have the highest rate of death within the country as a whole. As Slovenia continues to educate its population on how to prevent and be cautious when dealing with this disease, the people of Slovenia will suffer less from cardiovascular diseases.This report will discuss the challenges of Cardiovascular disease in Slovenia, the frequency of the disease ...


Hungary: Cardiovascular Disease, Taylor Steger Jan 2018

Hungary: Cardiovascular Disease, Taylor Steger

Global Public Health

Hungary faces many public health issues. In particular, cardiovascular disease has impacted the majority of the Hungarian people with a mortality rate of 50-60%. The high consumption of fattening food, excessive alcohol drinking, smoking habits and tobacco use impact the entire population’s health status. This disease impacts blood vessels and causes them to narrow or be blocked. This blockage causes blood flow from the heart to be suppressed which can cause heart attacks, strokes etc. Hungary has the highest amount of people with cardiovascular disease out of all European countries. The most impacted people are in the urban areas ...


Biting The Hands That Feed “The Alligators”: A Case Study In Morbid Obesity Extremes, End-Of-Life Care, And Prohibitions On Harming And Accelerating The End Of Life, Michael J. Malinowski Jan 2018

Biting The Hands That Feed “The Alligators”: A Case Study In Morbid Obesity Extremes, End-Of-Life Care, And Prohibitions On Harming And Accelerating The End Of Life, Michael J. Malinowski

Journal Articles

Obesity, recognized as a disease in the U.S. and at times as a terminal illness due to associated medical complications, is an American epidemic according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (“CDC”), American Heart Association (“AHA”), and other authorities. More than one third of Americans (39.8% of adults and 18.5% of children) are medically obese. This article focuses on cases of “extreme morbid obesity” (“EMO”)—situations in which death is imminent without aggressive medical interventions, and bariatric surgery is the only treatment option with a realistic possibility of success. Bariatric surgeries themselves are very high ...


Zika Virus, Monica A. Wong Jan 2018

Zika Virus, Monica A. Wong

Global Issues in Public Health

The purpose of this public health brief is to learn about the Zika virus, the epidemiology of it, and possible solutions for the virus. The Zika virus has been present in many places such as Africa, Asia, North America, and so many more. People who live in these affected areas and anyone traveling to these places where Zika has been present is at risk, especially pregnant women or women trying to conceive. While the Zika virus has a low mortality rate, the morbidity rates are higher. Some outcomes may include eye defects, hearing loss, and impaired growth. The Zika virus ...


Childhood Obesity: United States, Jessica Nguyen Jan 2018

Childhood Obesity: United States, Jessica Nguyen

Global Issues in Public Health

Childhood obesity, a noncommunicable disease usually caused by consuming more energy in meals than your body needs, is often due to hereditary causes and the structure of their communities. With the average weight of American children increasing in the past thirty years, parents should be more informed on how to improve their offspring’s development and reduce the likelihood of chronic diseases. The Body Mass Index is the scale used to determine whether or not the child is considered overweight for their height and age, based off of their extra body fat. After comparing the child to the CDC growth ...


Food Insecurity: United States, Courtney Handzel Jan 2018

Food Insecurity: United States, Courtney Handzel

Global Issues in Public Health

Food insecurity is a global issue and has caused struggles to millions of people, specifically in the United States. This environmental issue involves not having the resources to obtain adequate food supply. The economic and social influences that affect food insecurity leave vulnerable populations, such as low-income families and minority races, at a greater disadvantage. This issue causes serious health complications to arise too, the most common being diabetes. The increased risk of diabetes due to food insecurity has been studied on several occasions and the results all show the correlation, lack of food security increases the risk of diabetes ...


Cholera: Uganda, Emilie Verran Jan 2018

Cholera: Uganda, Emilie Verran

Global Issues in Public Health

The bacterium Vibrio cholerae, when ingested, infects the intestines and causes a communicable diarrhea disease called cholera. Outbreaks of cholera occur in areas with poor sanitation and sewage treatments where fecal material of an infected person contaminates the water. These areas include Southeast Asia, Haiti, and sub-Saharan Africa, including Uganda. From 2011-2016, an analysis of Ugandan cholera data showed ‘hot spots’ of cholera cases in fishing communities with incidence rates as high as 120-998 cases per 100,000 people. An analysis of these same districts from 2011-2015 showed an average Case-Fatality Ratio of 2.4%, with the worst district as ...


Climate Change: Antarctica, Marika Vi Jan 2018

Climate Change: Antarctica, Marika Vi

Global Issues in Public Health

Climate change is a public health issue that affects the entire globe. These effects include the rising in sea levels, shrinking of mountain glaciers, accelerating ice melt, and shifts in flower and plant blooming. The cause of climate change is due to what is known as the “greenhouse effect.” This is where certain gases block heat from getting out of the atmosphere. The cause of this effect is due to many factors like the overuse of fossil fuels and overpopulation. The impact of climate change on the Antarctic, to be specific, is that it has been seen to affect the ...


Panama: Ischemic Heart Disease, Alexander R. Ligeza Jan 2018

Panama: Ischemic Heart Disease, Alexander R. Ligeza

Global Public Health

This public health brief draws attention to the issue of ischemic heart disease that is currently plaguing Panama. Due largely to the dietary culture of the country, ischemic heart disease remains the number one health-related killer of Panamanians. Over the past few decades, there has been a stark increase in the amount of processed foods that are becoming a large part of the diets of western nations, and Panama has become no stranger to this trend. Although there have been great strides made in the treatment of ischemic heart disease, Panama still has a long road ahead of itself before ...