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Nutrition

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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Effectiveness Of Honey For Healing Chronic Wounds Compared To Standard Treatments, Erin J. Miller Feb 2019

Effectiveness Of Honey For Healing Chronic Wounds Compared To Standard Treatments, Erin J. Miller

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

OBJECTIVE: To determine if medical-grade honey is efficacious to other products such as in concomitant use with calcium alginate or standalone to hydrogel or PluroGel for healing chronic wounds in the adult population.

METHODS: Retrospective chart review for the adult population ages 18-89 with chronic wounds. Exclusion criteria included hospice or terminal prognosis (expectancy), active cancer or receiving cancer treatments, and inconsistent treatment application (consecutive weekly treatments for at least 3 weeks).

SETTING: long-term care facilities (nursing homes)

RESULTS: Hydrogel (n = 21 wounds) had a 16.53 percent mean weekly change and 17.43 percent mean weekly improvement with a ...


Wellness Programs & Biometric Screenings Reducing Health Care Cost?, Eder Hernandez Feb 2019

Wellness Programs & Biometric Screenings Reducing Health Care Cost?, Eder Hernandez

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Wellness programs and biometric screenings are becoming an effective and popular method of preserving health of employees and lowering healthcare cost. United States health care cost have increased monumentally and are directly proportional to chronic disease prevalence. Wellness programs and biometric screenings are providing a remedy for reducing healthcare cost. This article aims to describe the importance of wellness programs and biometric screenings in reducing healthcare cost. Wellness program and biometric screenings are directly linked to early identification of disease and lifestyle modification; which lead to over health care cost by changing high risk behaviors and early disease intervention.


Multidisciplinary Care In Motor Neuron Disease, Sara Khan Jan 2019

Multidisciplinary Care In Motor Neuron Disease, Sara Khan

Pakistan Journal of Neurological Sciences (PJNS)

Motor neuron disease (MND) is a progressive degenerative disorder of the motor neurons, resulting in progressive limb, bulbar and respiratory muscle weakness. No definitive disease modifying treatment is available at this time. The mainstay of management remains multidisciplinary care, which has shown to improve quality of life, prevents complications and may also increase life span. In this review, different medical specialties necessary to offer complete multidisciplinary care are discussed. Symptomatic management of individual symptoms commonly experienced by patients with MND is elaborated on.


Healthy Skepticism: The Relationship Between Funding Source And Conclusion In Nutrition-Related Scientific Articles On Saturated Fat, Lili Muskal Jan 2019

Healthy Skepticism: The Relationship Between Funding Source And Conclusion In Nutrition-Related Scientific Articles On Saturated Fat, Lili Muskal

CMC Senior Theses

Recently published scientific articles have led to mixed nutritional advice on dietary saturated fatty acids. Lesser et. al (2007) identified that mixed conclusions in scientific articles on sweetened beverages might be attributed industry funding, as articles funded by the beverage industry are four to eight times more likely to report conclusions in favor of the sponsor’s products. This thesis applies Lesser’s methods to determine whether industry funding influences the inconsistent conclusions on saturated fatty acids. This thesis analyzes 100 articles on foods high in dietary saturated fatty acids. While studies with food industry funding are more likely to ...


Stress Management In The Kitchen, Haley Rosano Dec 2018

Stress Management In The Kitchen, Haley Rosano

Capstone Projects and Master's Theses

Catholic Charities - Diocese of Monterey has implemented Stress Management in the Kitchen though the Family Support Services department of the Seaside office. Stress Management in the Kitchen was implemented to address the knowledge gap between nutrition and healthy living.The purpose of the workshop series was to give clients a fun and digestible way to increase their knowledge on how their health and nutritional habits can or should be applied to how they deal with stress. These workshops were implemented through presentation and a series of activities.The measurement of these workshops will be obtained through an exit survey from ...


An Academia-Industry Partnership For Planning And Executing A Community-Based Feeding Study, Cara B. Ebbeling, Gloria L. Klein, Julia M W Wong, Lisa Bielek, Patricia K. Louto, David S. Ludwig, Ralph G. Eddy, Lauren Stone, Paul R. Lakin, Megan Sandman, Courtenay Devlin, Linda Seger-Shippee, Dina Wiroll Nov 2018

An Academia-Industry Partnership For Planning And Executing A Community-Based Feeding Study, Cara B. Ebbeling, Gloria L. Klein, Julia M W Wong, Lisa Bielek, Patricia K. Louto, David S. Ludwig, Ralph G. Eddy, Lauren Stone, Paul R. Lakin, Megan Sandman, Courtenay Devlin, Linda Seger-Shippee, Dina Wiroll

(FS)2 Scholarly Publications

A research team from Boston Children’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School conducted a community-based feeding study in collaboration with Framingham State University (FSU) and Sodexo, the food service contractor at FSU. The study was a randomized controlled trial, implemented on the FSU campus. For the final year of the study, a satellite feeding site was established at Assabet Valley Regional Technical High School. The purpose of the study was to assess the biological effects of different macronutrient diets. An academia-industry partnership was developed to overcome common challenges associated with hospital-based feeding studies. Benefits included the following: a study site ...


My Experience In Swaziland With Give Hope, Fight Poverty, Megan Kaser Nov 2018

My Experience In Swaziland With Give Hope, Fight Poverty, Megan Kaser

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

Megan Kaser, a recent 2017 alum in the College of Health and Human Sciences at Purdue University, describes her experience with Give Hope, Fight Poverty (GHFP)—a nonprofit organization in Indianapolis, Indiana. She is currently pursuing a master’s degree in physician assistant studies. GHFP’s mission is “to foster philanthropy domestically by designing service-learning programs that engage U.S. college students with rural communities in Swaziland, Africa, and work together to educate, empower, and lift orphaned and vulnerable children—particularly those living in child-headed households— out of poverty” (Give Hope, Fight Poverty, n.d.). By incorporating college students in ...


Effects Of A Low Carbohydrate Diet On Energy Expenditure During Weight Loss Maintenance: Randomized Trial, Cara B. Ebbeling, Henry A. Feldman, Gloria L. Klein, Julia M.W. Wong, Lisa Bielek Bielek, Sarah K. Steltz, Patricia K. Louto, Robert R. Wolfe, William W. Wong, David S. Ludwig Nov 2018

Effects Of A Low Carbohydrate Diet On Energy Expenditure During Weight Loss Maintenance: Randomized Trial, Cara B. Ebbeling, Henry A. Feldman, Gloria L. Klein, Julia M.W. Wong, Lisa Bielek Bielek, Sarah K. Steltz, Patricia K. Louto, Robert R. Wolfe, William W. Wong, David S. Ludwig

(FS)2 Scholarly Publications

From the abstract "OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of diets varying in carbohydrate to fat ratio on total energy expenditure. DESIGN Randomized trial. SETTING Multicenter collaboration at US two sites, August 2014 to May 2017. PARTICIPANTS 164 adults aged 18-65 years with a body mass index of 25 or more. INTERVENTIONS After 12% (within 2%) weight loss on a run-in diet, participants were randomly assigned to one of three test diets according to carbohydrate content (high, 60%, n=54; moderate, 40%, n=53; or low, 20%, n=57) for 20 weeks. Test diets were controlled for protein and were energy ...


Case Review: Food Pattern Effects On Milk Lipid Profiles, Darby Dickton, Jimi Francis Nov 2018

Case Review: Food Pattern Effects On Milk Lipid Profiles, Darby Dickton, Jimi Francis

Health and Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

It has been shown that maternal food intake determines the levels of unsaturated fatty acids that are present in human milk. This case study compares the human milk lipid profiles the first two weeks of lactation from women consuming three food patterns: vegan, standard American diet, and Asian. Participants were matched for demographics. The milk samples were analyzed using gas chromatography to determine the lipid profile for each participant. The lipid profiles differed by food pattern (p<0.007). Linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid levels were highest for the vegan food pattern. The ratios of omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acids were well above the suggested ratio considered to be optimal with the vegan pattern had the lowest omega-6 to omega-3 ratio and the highest level of docosahexaenoic acid, possibly indicating conversion of alpha-linoleic acid to docosahexaenoic acid. Further research is needed to determine the impact this may have on long-term infant health.


Nutrition Education To Improve Health Outcomes In Community Dwelling Older Adults, Sara Giessinger Aug 2018

Nutrition Education To Improve Health Outcomes In Community Dwelling Older Adults, Sara Giessinger

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

The proportion of people age 60 and over is growing faster than other age group, and will double by 2050 from approximately 605 million to 2 billion worldwide, in addition to the 80 and over population quadrupling by the same time. Non-communicable diseases such as obesity, cancer, coronary heart and lung disease, diabetes, hypertension, insulin resistance, and hyperlipidemia,represent 63% of deaths annually worldwide. Due to the immense contact nurses have with clients, they play a key role in screening, referrals and education to guide this demographic to improved health outcomes through nutrition and physical activity interventions (Xiaoyue, Parker ...


Healthy Lifestyles: How A Community-Based Intervention Is Helping Low-Income Patients Battle Chronic Disease, Gina Baik Aug 2018

Healthy Lifestyles: How A Community-Based Intervention Is Helping Low-Income Patients Battle Chronic Disease, Gina Baik

Gina Baik

Background: This project aimed to evaluate a weekly group medical visit provided at a federally qualified health center, called Healthy Lifestyles + Open Source Wellness. The weekly group provides guided movement, mindful meditation, nutritious snacks, health education, group health coaching, and clinical monitoring for low-income patients with chronic conditions. The group aims to promote positive lifestyle changes to manage and treat various chronic conditions, such as diabetes, hypertension, chronic pain and obesity. 
Methods: Interviews were conducted with four staff members, six steadily engaged patients, and seven disengaged patients who visited and did not return to the group. Weekly observations of the ...


The Effect Of Wild Blueberry Anthocyanins And Phenolic Acids On Innate Immunity: The Compliment System, Vasiliki Papakotsi Aug 2018

The Effect Of Wild Blueberry Anthocyanins And Phenolic Acids On Innate Immunity: The Compliment System, Vasiliki Papakotsi

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Ingestion of berries containing polyphenols is associated with lower risk of inflammatory, metabolic, cardiovascular and degenerative diseases. Diet has been shown to modulate the activation of the complement system, a set of over 50 proteins present in the circulation and tissues that reacts in response to damage or microbial encounter and is critical for the maintenance of homeostasis. Imbalanced activation is tightly correlated with inflammation and various pathologies. Wild blueberries are a rich source of anthocyanins and phenolic acids, which can be found in plasma shortly after consumption. Given the involvement of both complement and polyphenols in the modulation of ...


Principles Of Nutrition Textbook, Lisa Jellum, Jason Hitzeman, Mark Knauss, Sharryse Henderson, Tom Harnden, Cynthia Elsberry, Greg Ford Jul 2018

Principles Of Nutrition Textbook, Lisa Jellum, Jason Hitzeman, Mark Knauss, Sharryse Henderson, Tom Harnden, Cynthia Elsberry, Greg Ford

Nursing and Health Sciences Open Textbooks

This Open Textbook for Principles of Nutrition was created under a Round Nine ALG Textbook Transformation Grant.

Topics covered:

  • Chapter 1: Nutrition Basics
  • Chapter 2: Macronutrient Structures
  • Chapter 3: Macronutrient Digestion
  • Chapter 4: Macronutrient Uptake, Absorption, & Transport
  • Chapter 5: Common Digestive Problems
  • Chapter 6: Macronutrient Metabolism
  • Chapter 7: Integration of Macronutrient Metabolism
  • Chapter 8: Micronutrients Overview & Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs)
  • Chapter 9: Antioxidant Micronutrients
  • Chapter 10: Macronutrient Metabolism Micronutrients
  • Chapter 11: Carbon Metabolism Micronutrients
  • Chapter 12: Blood, Bones & Teeth Micronutrients
  • Chapter 13: Electrolyte Micronutrients
  • Chapter 14: Achieving a Healthy Diet
  • Chapter 15: Diet and Health- Chronic Disease Prevention
  • Chapter 16 ...


An Assessment Of The Nutritional Status Of Men And Women With, Or At Risk Of, A Diabetic Foot Ulcer (Dfu)., Aoife Ward Jul 2018

An Assessment Of The Nutritional Status Of Men And Women With, Or At Risk Of, A Diabetic Foot Ulcer (Dfu)., Aoife Ward

MSc by research theses

An Assessment of the Nutritional Status of Men and Women with, or at risk of, a Diabetic Foot Ulcer (DFU).

Aim: The study aimed to establish the nutritional status of adults with, or at risk of, a DFU, of any grade, and to determine if there were differences in nutritional status between men and women.

Method: A quantitative, non-experimental observational study design was employed. Participants were recruited from a vascular foot protection clinic through convenience sampling; ethical approval was sought and obtained. The following assessments were completed; Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST ...


Guide To Popular Diets, Food Choices, And Their Health Outcome, Ronald D. Hills Jr., Emily Erpenbeck Jun 2018

Guide To Popular Diets, Food Choices, And Their Health Outcome, Ronald D. Hills Jr., Emily Erpenbeck

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

Integrative medicine is becoming increasingly important for a patient population afflicted with preventable illnesses such as cardiometabolic disease. Diet and nutrition are an under-tapped opportunity in health care for improving wellness and patient-centered health outcomes. Key nutritional principles are reviewed for alternate dietary strategies patients choose from in pursuit of healthy living or to alleviate chronic illness. Whole food eating plans are discussed including plant-based, Mediterranean, Paleo, and ketogenic diets as well as the specific carbohydrate and low FODMAP diets for colitis and irritable bowel syndrome. Opposed to the traditional categorization of diets by macronutrient composition, it is more useful ...


Effect Of Life Skills Building Education And Micronutrient Supplements Provided From Preconception Versus The Standard Of Care On Low Birth Weight Births Among Adolescent And Young Pakistani Women (15–24 Years): A Prospective, Population-Based Cluster-Randomized Trial, Jo-Anna B. Baxter, Yaqub Wasan, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Zamir Suhag, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta May 2018

Effect Of Life Skills Building Education And Micronutrient Supplements Provided From Preconception Versus The Standard Of Care On Low Birth Weight Births Among Adolescent And Young Pakistani Women (15–24 Years): A Prospective, Population-Based Cluster-Randomized Trial, Jo-Anna B. Baxter, Yaqub Wasan, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Zamir Suhag, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background: Risk factors known to impact maternal and newborn nutrition and health can exist from adolescence. If an undernourished adolescent girl becomes pregnant, her own health and pregnancy are at an increased risk for adverse outcomes. Offering preconception care from adolescence could provide an opportunity for health and nutrition promotion to improve one’s own well-being, as well as future pregnancy outcomes and the health of the next generation.
Methods: The Matiari emPowerment and Preconception Supplementation (MaPPS) Trial is a population-based two-arm, cluster-randomized, controlled trial of life skills building education and multiple micronutrient supplementation provided in a programmatic context to ...


Effect Of Life Skills Building Education And Micronutrient Supplements Provided From Preconception Versus The Standard Of Care On Low Birth Weight Births Among Adolescent And Young Pakistani Women (15–24 Years): A Prospective, Population-Based Cluster-Randomized Trial, Jo-Anna B. Baxter, Yaqub Wasan, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Zamir Suhag, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta May 2018

Effect Of Life Skills Building Education And Micronutrient Supplements Provided From Preconception Versus The Standard Of Care On Low Birth Weight Births Among Adolescent And Young Pakistani Women (15–24 Years): A Prospective, Population-Based Cluster-Randomized Trial, Jo-Anna B. Baxter, Yaqub Wasan, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Zamir Suhag, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background: Risk factors known to impact maternal and newborn nutrition and health can exist from adolescence. If an undernourished adolescent girl becomes pregnant, her own health and pregnancy are at an increased risk for adverse outcomes. Offering preconception carefrom adolescence could provide an opportunity for health and nutrition promotion to improve one's own well-being, as well as future pregnancy outcomes and the health of the next generation.
Methods: The Matiari emPowerment and Preconception Supplementation (MaPPS) Trial is a population-based two-arm, cluster-randomized, controlled trial of life skills building education and multiple micronutrient supplementation provided in a programmatic context to evaluate ...


Feasibility And Effect Of Life Skills Building Education And Multiple Micronutrient Supplements Versus The Standard Of Care On Anemia Among Non-Pregnant Adolescent And Young Pakistani Women (15-24 Years): A Prospective, Population-Based Cluster-Randomized Trial, Jo-Anna B. Baxter, Yaqub Wasan, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Zamir Suhag, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta May 2018

Feasibility And Effect Of Life Skills Building Education And Multiple Micronutrient Supplements Versus The Standard Of Care On Anemia Among Non-Pregnant Adolescent And Young Pakistani Women (15-24 Years): A Prospective, Population-Based Cluster-Randomized Trial, Jo-Anna B. Baxter, Yaqub Wasan, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Zamir Suhag, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background: Adolescence is a critical period for physical and psychological growth and development, and vitamin and mineral requirements are correspondingly increased. Health and health behaviours correspond strongly from adolescence to adulthood. Developing a preconception care package for adolescent and young women in resource-limited settings could serve to empower them to make informed decisions about their nutrition, health, and well-being, as well as function as a platform for the delivery of basic nutrition-related interventions to address undernutrition.
Methods: In this population-based two-arm, cluster-randomized, controlled trial of life skills building education (provided bi-monthly) and multiple micronutrient supplementation (provided twice-weekly; UNIMMAP composition), we ...


An Innovative Approach To Health Education: Utilizing A Functional And Integrative Medicine Education Resource With Students, Clinicians And Patients, Robert Abbott May 2018

An Innovative Approach To Health Education: Utilizing A Functional And Integrative Medicine Education Resource With Students, Clinicians And Patients, Robert Abbott

Journal of Evolution and Health

No abstract provided.


What’S Really Wrong With Medical Research And How To Fix It., Richard Feinman May 2018

What’S Really Wrong With Medical Research And How To Fix It., Richard Feinman

Journal of Evolution and Health

No abstract provided.


Jumping Out Of The Nutrition System: Or, How I Learned To Stop Worrying And Love The Dietary Guidelines, Adele Hite, Sean Mark May 2018

Jumping Out Of The Nutrition System: Or, How I Learned To Stop Worrying And Love The Dietary Guidelines, Adele Hite, Sean Mark

Journal of Evolution and Health

No abstract provided.


Animal Agriculture And American Health: The Search For Sustainable Protein, Britta Brinkmann May 2018

Animal Agriculture And American Health: The Search For Sustainable Protein, Britta Brinkmann

Biology: Student Scholarship & Creative Works

This study examines the impact large-scale animal agriculture has on the environment. It links the environment and health. The goal is to find protein sources that are sustainable and nutritious in order to replace typical meat and dairy products. A study is proposed to measure the impact of the typical American diet, a vegan diet, an insect-supplemented diet and a diet heavy in seafood.


Interventions For Afterschool Programs To Decrease The Likelihood Of Childhood Obesity, Anna R. Boyd, Lauren E. Hendricks, Elexus T. Morton, Kayleigh S. Phillips, Corie Vanarsdale, Msn May 2018

Interventions For Afterschool Programs To Decrease The Likelihood Of Childhood Obesity, Anna R. Boyd, Lauren E. Hendricks, Elexus T. Morton, Kayleigh S. Phillips, Corie Vanarsdale, Msn

Nursing Undergraduate Work

This systematic research review (SRR) looked at the epidemic of childhood obesity and subsequent complications. Afterschool programs (ASPs) were targeted as a key area where children spend many hours each day and, therefore, an ideal place for obesity interventions. The purpose of this SRR was to search the current benefits ASPs can have on decreasing the risk and prevalence of childhood obesity and to answer the research question, "What are nursing interventions within ASPs that decrease the risk of obesity in children in the United States of America?" Childhood obesity influences nurses in many areas, including inpatient hospitals, schools, and ...


Pkm2 Influences The Metabolic Fate Of Butyrate In Colorectal Cancer Cells, Megan Louise Pence May 2018

Pkm2 Influences The Metabolic Fate Of Butyrate In Colorectal Cancer Cells, Megan Louise Pence

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Nutritional Virulence Of Legionella Pneumophila., Ashley M. Best May 2018

Nutritional Virulence Of Legionella Pneumophila., Ashley M. Best

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Legionella pneumophila is an environment organism that parasitizes a wide range of protozoa. Growth within the environmental host primes L. pneumophila for infection of human alveolar macrophages when contaminated aerosols are inhaled. Intracellular replication within either host requires the establishment a replicative niche, known as the Legionella-containing vacuole (LCV). Biogenesis of the LCV depends on the type IVb translocation system, the Dot/Icm, to translocation >320 effectors into the host cytosol. Effectors are responsible for preventing lysosome fusion to the LCV, recruitment of ER-derived vesicles to the LCV, and modulation of a plethora of host processes to promote the ...


Maternal Obesity And Fetal Macrosomia: An Integrative Review Of The Literature Regarding Interventions, Charity Stalcup Apr 2018

Maternal Obesity And Fetal Macrosomia: An Integrative Review Of The Literature Regarding Interventions, Charity Stalcup

Senior Honors Theses

Research suggests pre-pregnancy obesity is associated with an increased risk of macrosomia in the newborn. Since women are expected to gain weight during pregnancy, the standard recommendation of weight loss for obesity is not ideal for this population. In this systematic review of the literature regarding interventions for maternal obesity to reduce fetal macrosomia, 149 articles were screened using three different databases to identify recent randomized controlled trials related to this topic. A total of 11 full text articles were analyzed and included in the review. The articles addressed nutritional, lifestyle, and pharmacological interventions. The results indicated there is currently ...


Reviving Traditional Native American Food With The Hunt. Fish. Gather. Program, Jeremy Vu, Kellie Thompson, Steven Hayworth, Jennifer Gallagher, Miquela Ibrao, Molly Tovar Apr 2018

Reviving Traditional Native American Food With The Hunt. Fish. Gather. Program, Jeremy Vu, Kellie Thompson, Steven Hayworth, Jennifer Gallagher, Miquela Ibrao, Molly Tovar

Journal on Race, Inequality, and Social Mobility in America

In the United States, high incidences of cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, depression, anxiety, and stress affect large portions of the population. One way to prevent, manage, and protect against these health-related difficulties is to maintain a healthy diet. To accomplish this, people can turn to traditional Native American foods, which are minimally processed, locally produced, nutrient-dense, and low in trans-fat. This study examined health awareness outcomes from the Hunt. Fish. Gather. (H.F.G.) program, a Native American cuisine program seeking to increase awareness of traditional Native foods with a focus on mind, body, spirit, and environment. Upon completion ...


Correcting For The Inconveniences Of Cultivation: Foraging As A Food Source In Southwestern Burkina Faso, Julia Deryn Morgan Apr 2018

Correcting For The Inconveniences Of Cultivation: Foraging As A Food Source In Southwestern Burkina Faso, Julia Deryn Morgan

Geography Honors Projects

Malnutrition is an important public health issue in Burkina Faso where 30 % of children are underweight for their age and 92% suffer from iron deficiency. Such statistics indicate that there is a significant lack of adequate nutrition in the country. With approximately 80% of the population employed in the agricultural sector, development projects have focused on increasing agricultural production and commercializing output to ameliorate poor nutrition. However, this strategy ignores the importance of local knowledge and food traditions, most notably by neglecting to acknowledge foraging as a significant source of food. To address this concern, I seek to understand how ...


Knowledge, Attitude And Practices Toward Nutrition And Diet During Pregnancy Among Recently Delivered Women Of Syrian Refugees, Dana Harb Msc., Mohamad Younes Abou Haidar Phd, Elie Bou Yazbeck Phd Apr 2018

Knowledge, Attitude And Practices Toward Nutrition And Diet During Pregnancy Among Recently Delivered Women Of Syrian Refugees, Dana Harb Msc., Mohamad Younes Abou Haidar Phd, Elie Bou Yazbeck Phd

Journal of Refugee & Global Health

The aim of this study is to assess the nutrition situation in terms of knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) among recently delivered Syrian refugee women and to identify nutrition related KAP problems of this vulnerable population. An analytical descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on a non-randomized sample of one hundred recently delivered Syrian women from refugee background aged 18 years old and above who were admitted for delivery to the obstetric unit of a governmental hospital located in Beirut, Lebanon. The study reveals that fifty-six percent of the studied population was not knowledgeable about maternal nutrition during pregnancy, twenty-five percent ...


Geospatial Inequalities And Determinants Of Nutritional Status Among Women And Children In Afghanistan: An Observational Study, Nadia Akseer, Zaid Ahmad Bhatti, Taufiq Mashal, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Rahim Moineddin, Robert E Black Md, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta Apr 2018

Geospatial Inequalities And Determinants Of Nutritional Status Among Women And Children In Afghanistan: An Observational Study, Nadia Akseer, Zaid Ahmad Bhatti, Taufiq Mashal, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Rahim Moineddin, Robert E Black Md, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background: Undernutrition is a pervasive condition in Afghanistan, and prevalence is among the highest in the world. We aimed to comprehensively assess district-level geographical disparities and determinants of nutritional status (stunting, wasting, or underweight) among women and children in Afghanistan.
Methods: The study used individualised data from the recent Afghanistan National Nutrition Survey 2013. Outcome variables were based on growth and weight anthropometry data, which we analysed linearly as Z scores and as dichotomous categories. We analysed data from a total of almost 14 000 index mother–child pairs using Bayesian spatial and generalised least squares regression models accounting for ...