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2020

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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

The Effects Of Music On Dairy Production, Anneliese Kemp Dec 2020

The Effects Of Music On Dairy Production, Anneliese Kemp

Honors College Theses

The purpose of this research is to find which genre of music dairy cows produce the most milk to in order to aid dairy farmers in yielding maximum product while also keeping their cattle as comfortable as possible. During each lactation a different genre of music will play, basic vital signs, and behavioral observations of the cows will be taken, then the amount of milk produced during that genre will be measured. First, no music will be played, base line vitals will be taken, and milk yield will be measured. This will give an estimate to how positively or negatively ...


Developing A Health Communication Campaign For Disposal Of Unused Opioid Medications, Kathleen L. Egan, Mark Wolfson, Kaylee M. Lukacena, Carina Mazariegos Zelaya, Monique S. Mcleary, Donald W. Helme Dec 2020

Developing A Health Communication Campaign For Disposal Of Unused Opioid Medications, Kathleen L. Egan, Mark Wolfson, Kaylee M. Lukacena, Carina Mazariegos Zelaya, Monique S. Mcleary, Donald W. Helme

Communication Faculty Publications

Introduction

Communities throughout the United States have implemented medicine disposal programs to prevent diversion of unused opioid analgesics from homes but a general lack of awareness may contribute to low rates of utilization. The objective of this study was to develop and test community-based campaign messages promoting appropriate disposal of unused opioids at disposal programs.

Methods

In Fall 2019, 491 residents (79% female, 97% White, mean age: 40 years) of five rural, Appalachian counties (3 in Kentucky and 2 in North Carolina) completed a web-based, experimental survey. Participants were randomly exposed to two of four messages and rated each message ...


The Youthful Pandemic, Brook Sahlemariam Dec 2020

The Youthful Pandemic, Brook Sahlemariam

Nursing | Senior Theses

This paper attempts to examine the neurological, physical, and societal effects of e-cigarette use among youth and young-adults in North America. Furthermore, the paper investigates the parallels between e-cigarette users, tobacco users, and dual users in regard to behavioral patterns, reasons for use, and age of initiation.


Campus Recreation_Facility Policies, Unversity Of Maine Campus Recreation Oct 2020

Campus Recreation_Facility Policies, Unversity Of Maine Campus Recreation

Recreation Center

Screenshot of webpage with the University of Maine Campus Recreation's facility policies in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.


Fogler Library_Fogler Library Reopening Webpage, University Of Maine Raymond H. Fogler Library Oct 2020

Fogler Library_Fogler Library Reopening Webpage, University Of Maine Raymond H. Fogler Library

Raymond H. Fogler Library

Screenshot of a Raymond H. Fogler Library webpage featuring guidance on the reopening of the Library for the 2020 Fall Semester.


An Analysis Of A New Shoe Technology In The Gait Patterns Of A Child With A Neurological Disability, Emma Madonna, Jeff Bauer Sep 2020

An Analysis Of A New Shoe Technology In The Gait Patterns Of A Child With A Neurological Disability, Emma Madonna, Jeff Bauer

The SUNY Journal of the Scholarship of Engagement: JoSE

This study focused on the application of a unique technology originally designed to supply biofeedback to dancers, but in this case was used to assist a child learning to walk while battling the effects of Cerebral Palsy. The musical shoes, called ElectroskipTM, utilize a biofeedback system that generates variable sounds/beats/songs when an individual is walking and placing pressure on their heel or toe. The study lasted six weeks with two sessions per week. Each session started with shoes fitted with ElectroskipTM technology placed on the child’s feet. When instructed by the researcher the child would ...


A Century Later: Rural Public Health's Enduring Challenges And Opportunities., Erika C. Ziller Phd, Carly Milkowski Mph Sep 2020

A Century Later: Rural Public Health's Enduring Challenges And Opportunities., Erika C. Ziller Phd, Carly Milkowski Mph

Population Health

The US public health community has demonstrated increasing awareness of rural health disparities in the past several years. Although current interest is high, the topic is not new, and some of the earliest public health literature includes reports on infectious disease and sanitation in rural places. Continuing through the first third of the 20th century, dozens of articles documented rural disparities in infant and maternal mortality, sanitation and water safety, health care access, and among Black, Indigenous, and People of Color communities. Current rural research reveals similar challenges, and strategies suggested for addressing rural-urban health disparities 100 years ago resonate ...


A Working Paper*:Environmental Issues And Perceptions Of Rural Nebraskans, John C. Allen, Sam Cordes, Amy M. Smith, Mike Spilker, Amber Hamilton Sep 2020

A Working Paper*:Environmental Issues And Perceptions Of Rural Nebraskans, John C. Allen, Sam Cordes, Amy M. Smith, Mike Spilker, Amber Hamilton

Publications of the Rural Futures Institute

TABLE OF CONTENTS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY.............................................................I

INTRODUCTION .................................................................................. 1

METHODOLOGY .......................................................................... 1

RESPONDENT PROFILE........................................................................... 2

FINDINGS ................................................................................................ 3

The State's Role in Groundwater Protection .............................................. 3

Regulation and Compliance Costs................................................................ 4

Agriculture and the Environment ....................................................... 6

Conjunctive Use ............................................................................... 8

CONCLUSIONS ......................................................................................... 10


A Working Paper*: Nebraska State And Federal Tax Issues: Opinions Of Rural Nebraskans, John C. Allen, Sam Cordes, Amy M. Smith, Matt Spilker, Amber Hamilton Sep 2020

A Working Paper*: Nebraska State And Federal Tax Issues: Opinions Of Rural Nebraskans, John C. Allen, Sam Cordes, Amy M. Smith, Matt Spilker, Amber Hamilton

Publications of the Rural Futures Institute

TABLE OF CONTENTS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ...................................................................... i

INTRODUCTION .........................................................................................1

METHODOLOGY..............................................................................1

RESPONDENT PROFILE ...........................................................................2

FINDINGS .......................... 3

Nebraska Tax Issues ...................................................................................3

Federal Government Deficit Reduction .....................................................5

Federal Taxation Options...................................................................................5

Federal Program Reduction Alternatives ................................................................6

CONCLUSIONS...................................................................................................8


A Working Paper*: Quality Of Life Of Rural Nebraskans: How Are They Doing And What Is In The Future?, John C. Allen, Sam Cordes, Amy C. Smith, Matt Spilker, Amber Hamilton Sep 2020

A Working Paper*: Quality Of Life Of Rural Nebraskans: How Are They Doing And What Is In The Future?, John C. Allen, Sam Cordes, Amy C. Smith, Matt Spilker, Amber Hamilton

Publications of the Rural Futures Institute

TABLE OF CONTENTS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY.............................................................................. i

INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................... 1

METHODOLOGY AND RESPONDENT PROFILE....................................... 2

FINDINGS ................................................................................................ 4

Global Well-Being (Figure 1)............................... 4

Change in the Modern World (Figure 2)...............................6

Personal Well-Being............................... 6

Availability of Services and Amenities (Figure 3)............................ 8

Dissatisfaction with Services and Amenities (Figure 4)........................... 9

Dissatisfaction with Services/Amenities by Region (Figure 5)...................... 10

Dissatisfaction with Services/Amenities by Community Size (Figure 6)............ 12

Dissatisfaction with Services/Amenities by Income Level (Figure 7)............... 13

CONCLUSIONS ................................................................ 14


A Working Paper*: Nebraskan Work Patterns And Available Benefits, John C. Allen, Sam Cordes, Amy M. Smith, Matt Spilker, Amber Hamilton Sep 2020

A Working Paper*: Nebraskan Work Patterns And Available Benefits, John C. Allen, Sam Cordes, Amy M. Smith, Matt Spilker, Amber Hamilton

Publications of the Rural Futures Institute

TABLE OF CONTENTS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ................................................................................ i

INTRODUCTION ..........................................................................................1

METHODOLOGY...............................................................1

RESPONDENT PROFILE ..............................................................................2

FINDINGS ..............................................................................................3

Nebraskans and Work............................................................................3

Rural Nebraskans and Benefits....................................................................5


Forgetting The American Family: How The Family And Medical Leave Act Is Insufficient And What Can Be Done To Improve It, Adrianna Thrasher Sep 2020

Forgetting The American Family: How The Family And Medical Leave Act Is Insufficient And What Can Be Done To Improve It, Adrianna Thrasher

Senior Honors Theses

This research seeks to clarify the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) of 1993 and explore where the Act is deficient. In addition, federal policy is compared with states that currently have a more generous paid leave program. In the interest of the effect this issue has on American global competitiveness, United States (U.S.) policy will be examined in reference to peer nations. This analytical approach aims to resolve common misconceptions surrounding federal paid family leave policy, as well as clear a path for more progressive policies overall.


Celiac Disease And The Use Of Anecdotal Evidence To Profess Expertise, Marie Herman Sep 2020

Celiac Disease And The Use Of Anecdotal Evidence To Profess Expertise, Marie Herman

Senior Honors Theses

Celiac disease is a complex autoimmune disease associated with adverse effects after ingesting gluten, the main storage protein of wheat, barley, and rye. Gluten triggers an autoimmune response in the small intestine, destroying the villi that absorbs nutrients, causing gastrointestinal distress, malnourishment, iron deficiency anemia, and other symptoms. The only treatment is a gluten-free diet. Celiac diseases’ often lengthy diagnosis process, disproportionate rate of diagnosis, and high prevalence in the United States makes it an excellent disease to study in an effort to gain a better understanding of people’s experience of the diagnosis process. I analyzed a systematic random ...


Perceptions Of Women Versus Men In Matter Of Women’S Health, Catherine Parylo Sep 2020

Perceptions Of Women Versus Men In Matter Of Women’S Health, Catherine Parylo

Senior Honors Theses

Inequalities between men and women within political and health spheres have greatly impacted the way voting aged citizens perceive particular political messages. This is quite apparent within the context of controversial reproductive health issues, such as access to abortion or specific birth control methods. By surveying voting aged, male and female college students from both major American political parties on their perceptions of messages spoken by either traditionally feminine or masculine voices, some of these deeply ingrained biases were revealed. Although speaking the same message of either a very liberal-leaning view on abortion and birth control, or a very conservative ...


Winning In Weight-Loss: The Interaction Of Conscientiousness And Perceived Autonomy, Jason M. Curtis, Marc Lochbaum Sep 2020

Winning In Weight-Loss: The Interaction Of Conscientiousness And Perceived Autonomy, Jason M. Curtis, Marc Lochbaum

NeuroSports

ABSTRACT

Background

Understanding determinants for weight-loss is a national priority. Obesity is an epidemic with serious health consequences. Most of today’s obesity and overweight problems are being attributed to poor diets and not enough physical activity. These problems show no signs of slowing down with the behaviors of most Americans. The phenomenon of “The Biggest Loser” (different variants of weight-loss programs that consist of group exercise participation and nutrition therapy to elicit weight-loss, and hopefully behavior change) has spawned many variants in commercial health clubs. This prospectus study examined the direct and interactive or moderated effects of known determinants ...


Practice-Based Learning: Establishing Simple Monitoring Systems To Support Sgbv Programming In Refugee Settings, Chi-Chi Undie, Josephine Ngebeh, Jane Harriet Namwebya, Michael Gaitho, George Odwe, Nachela Chelwa, Harriet Birungi, Michael Mbizvo Sep 2020

Practice-Based Learning: Establishing Simple Monitoring Systems To Support Sgbv Programming In Refugee Settings, Chi-Chi Undie, Josephine Ngebeh, Jane Harriet Namwebya, Michael Gaitho, George Odwe, Nachela Chelwa, Harriet Birungi, Michael Mbizvo

Reproductive Health

Implementers of sexual and gender-based violence programs in refugee settings are typically eager to learn about the extent to which their programs are making a difference in the lives of those they serve. Basic monitoring information can help address this imperative without unduly burdening program implementers with time-consuming evaluations. The Sauti/VOICE project is guiding adaptation and implementation of evidence-based SGBV interventions in refugee contexts. These interventions are implemented by UNHCR partners in eight countries in the East, Horn, and Great Lakes region of Africa. Although Sauti/VOICE is primarily focused on integrating tested SGBV interventions into refugee contexts, monitoring ...


Practice-Based Learning: Medico-Legal Evidence Collection As Part Of Post-Rape Care In Refugee Contexts, Michael Gaitho, Ronald Kotut, Anne Ngunjiri, Jane T. Thiomi, Josephine Ngebeh, Chi-Chi Undie Sep 2020

Practice-Based Learning: Medico-Legal Evidence Collection As Part Of Post-Rape Care In Refugee Contexts, Michael Gaitho, Ronald Kotut, Anne Ngunjiri, Jane T. Thiomi, Josephine Ngebeh, Chi-Chi Undie

Reproductive Health

Health care providers collect an array of documentation and specimens to support criminal investigations. Such documentation and specimens are referred to as “medico-legal” or “forensic” evidence, and in the case of rape, include a survivor’s documented injuries and emotional state at the time of examination, as well as samples and specimens from the survivor’s body or clothing. For survivors of rape and defilement who want to obtain legal justice, medico-legal evidence is critical. In African countries, health providers and the police are depended upon to ensure such evidence is collected, but medico-legal evidence collection can present challenges. Evidence-based ...


Changing The Story: Improving The Quality Of Life Experienced By Children With Cancer Best Practices, Programs & Interventions, Samantha K. Bohling Sep 2020

Changing The Story: Improving The Quality Of Life Experienced By Children With Cancer Best Practices, Programs & Interventions, Samantha K. Bohling

Senior Honors Theses

It is no secret that children get cancer. While the battle against cancer is no light matter regardless of one’s age, the impact of such a diagnosis for a child or adolescent can be incredibly devastating. The necessity for this project lies in the research that illustrates a need for increased action to be directed toward fulfilling the psychosocial needs of children as they navigate cancer treatments. Children are still in the early stages of development; they are meant to be enriching their minds, building social relationships with peers, and playing and exploring their world. Cancer threatens all of ...


Innovating The Study Of Context: Using A Qualitative Study On Subjugation And Resistance To Explore The Utility Of Foucauldian Governmentality As A Framework For Enriching Situational Analyses, Hannah Kia, Carol Strike, Daniel Grace, Lori E. Ross Sep 2020

Innovating The Study Of Context: Using A Qualitative Study On Subjugation And Resistance To Explore The Utility Of Foucauldian Governmentality As A Framework For Enriching Situational Analyses, Hannah Kia, Carol Strike, Daniel Grace, Lori E. Ross

The Qualitative Report

Situational analysis has, as an emerging poststructuralist approach to grounded theory, recently grown in use across a diverse range of disciplines and substantive areas. In this paper, we consider the complementarity of Foucauldian governmentality as a theoretical framework for supporting and enriching situational analyses. Our work is based on the findings of a recent study, informed by situational analysis, in which we interviewed 27 HIV-positive (n=16) and HIV-negative (n=11) gay men ages 50 and over about their health care experiences, and used these data to examine processes of subjugation and resistance reflected in their accounts. Drawing on our ...


Personalized Medicine: The Use Of Biomarkers And Molecularly Targeted Therapies For Patient Care And Cancer Intervention, Wafa Asad, Emily Schmitt Lavin Sep 2020

Personalized Medicine: The Use Of Biomarkers And Molecularly Targeted Therapies For Patient Care And Cancer Intervention, Wafa Asad, Emily Schmitt Lavin

Mako: NSU Undergraduate Student Journal

Personalized medicine and targeted therapy have been emerging fields of study for the remediation and inhibition of cancer. Personalized medicine in the treatment of cancer involves using genetic, immune, and proteomic profiling to provide therapeutic options as well as prognostic background for every patient and their tumor’s genetic mutations. Targeted therapies allow researchers and medical personnel alike to determine the appropriate treatment for a patient based on the molecular basis and mechanistic actions of a cancerous tumor. The overall significance of this study was to express how these treatments use biomarkers to pinpoint the location, and severity of the ...


Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices And Challenges Of Healthcare Workers During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Population Council Sep 2020

Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices And Challenges Of Healthcare Workers During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Population Council

Poverty, Gender, and Youth

This brief is derived from a study on “Reproductive Healthcare in the Time of COVID-19: Perspectives of Poor Women and Service Providers from Rahim Yar Khan, Punjab,” conducted by the Population Council in May 2020 with the support of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). As part of the study, 60 telephone interviews were conducted with healthcare providers at 60 health facilities in Rahim Yar Khan district to understand how much they know about symptoms, prevention, and treatment of COVID-19, and their attitudes, practices, and challenges during the ongoing pandemic.


Family Planning And Reproductive Health Needs And Challenges Of Poor Women During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Population Council Sep 2020

Family Planning And Reproductive Health Needs And Challenges Of Poor Women During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Population Council

Poverty, Gender, and Youth

This brief is derived from a study on “Reproductive Healthcare in the Time of COVID-19: Perspectives of Poor Women and Service Providers from Rahim Yar Khan, Punjab,” conducted by the Population Council with the support of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). We conducted 20 in-depth interviews (IDIs); 3 focus group discussions (FGDs), with 18 respondents; and 164 structured telephone interviews with beneficiaries of the Benazir Income Support Programme (BISP) in Rahim Yar Khan district to understand how much they know about COVID-19, and the effects of the pandemic on their lives, mental health and wellbeing, and access to reproductive ...


Scientometric Analysis: Identification Of Research Trends In The Field Of Herb Drug Interactions., Gurjot Kaur, Ajay Kumar Sharma Sep 2020

Scientometric Analysis: Identification Of Research Trends In The Field Of Herb Drug Interactions., Gurjot Kaur, Ajay Kumar Sharma

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Due to the advent of allopathy and concomitant usage of the medicinal drugs with herbal medicines, many herb drug interactions are increasingly reported in the scientific literature. In this study, we have collected the scientific literature in the field of herb drug interactions published between 2011 to 2019 and analyzed it for the scientometric trends to understand the research direction in the last decade. We analyzed for the most prolific authors and their affiliations, top ten countries, funding agencies that sponsored the most publications and journals with most articles published in the field of herb drug interactions. We also identified ...


Managing Student Suicidality On Campus: Perspectives From Diverse Student Affairs Staff, Carla Chugani, Gabriel Kass, Elizabeth Miller Sep 2020

Managing Student Suicidality On Campus: Perspectives From Diverse Student Affairs Staff, Carla Chugani, Gabriel Kass, Elizabeth Miller

The Qualitative Report

Suicidal behavior is a substantial public health issue faced by college campuses. College counseling professionals often interact with a variety of other student affairs professionals who may be involved in the management of suicidality on campus. However, research on their experiences and perspectives on this topic is scarce. In this study, we build on literature related to management of suicidality on campus, which is predominantly focused on campus counseling professionals. Fifteen semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with student affairs professionals to explore how professionals on campuses might better work together to prevent crises and support students at elevated risk for ...


A Lung Cancer Screening Personalized Decision-Aid Improves Knowledge And Reduces Decisional Conflict Among A Diverse Population Of Smokers At An Urban Academic Medical Center, Madeline Kaufman, Nilan Schnure, Andrea Nicholson, Frank Leone, Carmen Guerra Sep 2020

A Lung Cancer Screening Personalized Decision-Aid Improves Knowledge And Reduces Decisional Conflict Among A Diverse Population Of Smokers At An Urban Academic Medical Center, Madeline Kaufman, Nilan Schnure, Andrea Nicholson, Frank Leone, Carmen Guerra

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Introduction: Few lung cancer screening decision aids have been tested in diverse populations. The study objective was to determine whether the online decision aid www.shouldiscreen.com impacts knowledge of and decisional conflict around lung cancer screening in a diverse population.

Methods: Eligible patients had significant smoking histories, were at increased risk for lung cancer (ages 45-80, >20 pack-years, smoking within last 15 years) and had no history of prior lung cancer or screening. Data was collected and analyzed in 2017.

Results: 40 patients were enrolled: 80% were female, 62.5% black, 33% white, and 48% had a high school ...


Something To Celebrate?: Demoting Dairy In Canada's National Food Guide, Maneesha Deckha Sep 2020

Something To Celebrate?: Demoting Dairy In Canada's National Food Guide, Maneesha Deckha

Journal of Food Law & Policy

In early 2019, the Canadian Government released the much-anticipated new Canada Food Guide. It is a food guide that de-emphasizes dairy products and promotes plant-based eating. Notably, in the new version, milk and milk products are de-listed as one of the previously four essential food groups. On the surface, it seems that the federal government is promoting veganism and helping to bring about a friendlier future for animals and humans harmed by being producers and consumers of dairy, as the new Guide may seriously contract the currently robust Canadian dairy industry and its powerful lobby. On closer inspection, the messaging ...


Cognitive Behavioral Therapies For The Management Of Chronic Pain, Kira Swensen, Maren Wright Voss, Alise Williams Condie, Ashley Yaugher Sep 2020

Cognitive Behavioral Therapies For The Management Of Chronic Pain, Kira Swensen, Maren Wright Voss, Alise Williams Condie, Ashley Yaugher

All Current Publications

Chronic pain is pain that lasts longer than six months and may continue even after illnesses or injuries have healed (Cleveland Clinic, 2017). Pain signals in the nervous system can remain active for several years if they are altered in the spinal cord, becoming stronger than they normally would or should be (Reichling & Levine, 2009). Chronic pain can also occur without illness or injury (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, 2019). Fortunately, many evidence-based strategies for managing chronic pain are available to ease the discomfort. This fact sheet reviews those strategies.


Health Insurance Coverage In The Gulf Coast States After Affordable Care Act By Rural And Urban Area Between 2009 And 2017, Hosik Min, Kenneth Hudson Sep 2020

Health Insurance Coverage In The Gulf Coast States After Affordable Care Act By Rural And Urban Area Between 2009 And 2017, Hosik Min, Kenneth Hudson

Florida Public Health Review

Background: Although health insurance coverage for adults in each of the Gulf Coast States and the rest of the country increased after implementing the Affordable Care Act, the coverage rates in the Gulf Coast region remained lower to rural residents, compared to those in the rest of the Nation. Purpose: This study aimed to update the changes of health insurance coverage in all states and the Gulf Coast states, confirm the significance of the health policy on insurance coverage by analyzing Louisiana, and examine the relationships between socio-demographic variables and rural/urban area by using interaction variables. Methods: This study ...


Neurodevelopmental Mechanisms Of Adverse Trauma Outcomes In Emerging Adulthood, Olena Kleshchova Sep 2020

Neurodevelopmental Mechanisms Of Adverse Trauma Outcomes In Emerging Adulthood, Olena Kleshchova

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Background: Exposure to traumatic stress and adversity during the formative years of development can have adverse effects on mental health, neuroendocrine stress system function, and the brain, that persist into adulthood. One candidate mechanism that might confer vulnerability to enduring adverse outcomes of early life trauma is disruption of normal brain maturation. As the brain matures, functional interactions among brain regions change until the functional brain architecture (i.e., the functional connectome) reaches a mature state in adulthood. Given that different neural circuits have distinct developmental trajectories and sensitive periods, traumatic stress at a given point in development might have ...


Corona Crisis And Inequality: Why Management Research Needs A Societal Turn, Hari Bapuji, Charmi Patel, Gokhan Ertug, David G. Allen Sep 2020

Corona Crisis And Inequality: Why Management Research Needs A Societal Turn, Hari Bapuji, Charmi Patel, Gokhan Ertug, David G. Allen

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

As the world struggles to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic, the stark inequalities in our societies have been laid bare, and the interplay between organizations and societies has also become evident yet again. This crisis underscores the need for management scholars to take a societal turn and examine how organizational practices interact with societal economic inequality. To illustrate this approach, we discuss organizational practices – corporate social responsibility, work design, recruitment and selection, and compensation management – that can contribute to the normalization, reinforcement, and reduction of economic inequalities in society. We conclude by calling on scholars of inequality, as well as ...