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Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

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Relationship Of Centrally-Located Body Fat To Appetitive Hormones In Healthy Postmenopausal Women, Laura Marie Ritland Jan 2008

Relationship Of Centrally-Located Body Fat To Appetitive Hormones In Healthy Postmenopausal Women, Laura Marie Ritland

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Objective. Body composition and energy homeostasis are thought to affect the appetitive hormones: adiponectin, leptin, insulin, and ghrelin. This study examined whether centrally-located fat and/or overall adiposity were related to these appetitive hormones in healthy postmenopausal women.;Design. Overall and regional body composition was assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in relation to plasma adiponectin, serum leptin, serum insulin, and plasma ghrelin in 242 postmenopausal women.;Results. Regression analyses revealed that the androidal-to-gynoidal fat mass ratio (18.0%), age (3.2%), and white blood cell count (1.8%) accounted for 28% of the variability in adiponectin (F=22.2; P ...


Protein Kinase C-Delta In Dopaminergic System And Experimental Models Of Parkinson's Disease, Danhui Zhang Jan 2008

Protein Kinase C-Delta In Dopaminergic System And Experimental Models Of Parkinson's Disease, Danhui Zhang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a major neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive and substantial loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra compacta (SNc). Currently, no available drugs prevent the progressive loss of nigral dopaminergic neurons. The mechanisms underlying the dopaminergic degenerative process observed in PD are not well understood, which has hampered development of successful neuroprotective drugs. Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) is the rate-limiting enzyme in dopamine synthesis. Severely reduced TH positive neurons and TH fibers in dopaminergic terminal fields of PD patients and the successful application of L-DOPA therapy for Parkinson's disease suggest that this enzyme has a ...


Ses Gradient In Psychological Distress Revisited: A Dynamic Perspective On The Mediating Effect Of Financial Strain And Mastery, Chih-Yuan Weng Jan 2008

Ses Gradient In Psychological Distress Revisited: A Dynamic Perspective On The Mediating Effect Of Financial Strain And Mastery, Chih-Yuan Weng

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There is a well-established literature that both psychological distress and mental disorders are linked to the gradient of socioeconomic status (SES). According to the stress process model or the life stress paradigm, SES could affect mental health in at least two ways: first, by creating situations where lower SES people tend to experience stressors in greater quantity; second, by enhancing (e.g., due to underexposure of stress for high SES people) or undermining (e.g., due to overexposure of stress for low SES people) coping resources that are beneficial to psychological wellbeing. While the stress process model or the life ...


A Concept Virtual Harp With Physical String Vibrations Using Augmented Reality For Therapy, Tanasha A. Taylor Jan 2008

A Concept Virtual Harp With Physical String Vibrations Using Augmented Reality For Therapy, Tanasha A. Taylor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis presents a multimodal three-dimensional harp for interactive musical experiences for use in therapy for individuals with disabilities. A preliminary harp model in OpenGL with user interaction being a mouse and keyboard tested on special education children lead the Virtual Harp program on a new design approach to provide more interaction and stimuli. This system provides individuals with three forms of feedback visual, audio, and haptic during interaction using a Sensable Phantom Omni haptic device and immersion in a portable augmented reality-based system using a video see-through head mounted display. Modeled as a realistic harp, the virtual harp uses ...


Comparison Of Air-Displacement Plethysmography And Hydrodensitometry In High School Football Linemen, Timothy Egan Moran Jan 2008

Comparison Of Air-Displacement Plethysmography And Hydrodensitometry In High School Football Linemen, Timothy Egan Moran

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Recently, there has been concern about obesity and its co-morbidities among football linemen from the youth to professional level. The purpose of this study was two-fold: (1) to examine the association between body mass index (BMI) and percentage fat determined by air-displacement plethysmography (ADP) and hydrodensitometry (HW) in high school football linemen and (2) to compare ADP with HW in high school football linemen to determine the feasibility and accuracy of ADP compared with HW in this group. Thirty-one high school football linemen were recruited from local high schools and were measured for height, body mass, and percentage fat estimated ...


Marital Satisfaction And Psychological Well-Being In Clinical And Non-Clinical Samples, Jennifer Suzanne Perrin Jan 2008

Marital Satisfaction And Psychological Well-Being In Clinical And Non-Clinical Samples, Jennifer Suzanne Perrin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study examined depression, anxiety, marital satisfaction in individuals from a clinical sample and individuals from a community sample. Gender was also considered in this study. Participants of this study consisted of 268 individuals; this sample was divided between a clinical and non-clinical sample from a community in the Midwest region of the United States. The study used the Brief Symptom Inventory to measure the levels of depression and anxiety, and the Dyadic Adjustment Scale to measure marital satisfaction. The hypotheses were tested using factorial analysis of variance. Overall results suggest that depression and marital satisfaction significantly impact each other ...


Physical Activity And Motor Skills In Overweight And Normal Weight Low Income Preschool Children, Allison Wulfekuhle Jan 2008

Physical Activity And Motor Skills In Overweight And Normal Weight Low Income Preschool Children, Allison Wulfekuhle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Overweight among preschool age children has increased at a rapid rate and is becoming a worldwide epidemic. Previous research suggests that overweight children are less active and have poorer motor skills than children of normal weight. The objective of this study was to assess motor skill and physical activity in low-income overweight and normal weight preschool children (ages 3--5 years) and determine the influence, if any, preschool activity policy had on children's activity levels.;Data were collected at low-income preschool centers (n = 5) in the state of Iowa. Children (n = 77) ages three to four years were included in ...


The Effect Of Sodium And Carbohydrate In A Rehydration Beverage When Consumed As A Meal On Subsequent Exercise Performance, Todd M. Weber Jan 2008

The Effect Of Sodium And Carbohydrate In A Rehydration Beverage When Consumed As A Meal On Subsequent Exercise Performance, Todd M. Weber

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this investigation was to assess whether a food (chicken noodle soup) consumed during the initial stages of recovery from exercise in the heat improves subsequent temperature regulation and exercise performance by improving fluid retention and restoring plasma volume close to euhydrated levels. Ten subjects were studied during 2 h of rehydration after a 2.7% body mass loss. In a randomized crossover design, subjects rehydrated with chicken noodle soup (Soup: 161.0 mmol/l Na+, 5.3 mmol/l K+) or sugar-free Kool AidRTM (14.4 mmol/l Na+, 1.6 mmol/l K+). Subjects ingested 175 ...


Validation Of The Juvenile Sexual Offense Recidivism Risk Assessment Tool--Ii, Christopher Allen Ralston Jan 2008

Validation Of The Juvenile Sexual Offense Recidivism Risk Assessment Tool--Ii, Christopher Allen Ralston

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The accurate assessment of risk of sexual reoffense for juveniles has the potential to inform many actions, including the segregation of low risk from high risk offenders, allocation of limited resources, matching treatment assignments and other programming with risk, and implementation of various state and federal regulations (e.g., registration and community notification laws) (Epperson, Ralston, Fowers, DeWitt, & Gore, 2006). The Juvenile Sexual Offense Recidivism Risk Assessment Tool -- II (JSORRAT-II; Epperson et al., 2006) is the only known fully actuarially-derived risk assessment tool designed specifically for juveniles who have offended sexually (JSOs). However, it has yet to be validated. To test the predictive validity of the JSORRAT-II, the present study employed an ...


Mesoporous Silica Nanomaterials And Magnetic Nanoparticles Based Stimuli-Responsive Controlled-Release Delivery Systems, Supratim Giri Jan 2008

Mesoporous Silica Nanomaterials And Magnetic Nanoparticles Based Stimuli-Responsive Controlled-Release Delivery Systems, Supratim Giri

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The research presented and discussed within this dissertation involves the development of mesoporous silica nanomaterials and magnetic nanoparticles based stimuli-responsive controlled-release delivery systems.;A superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle-capped, MCM-41 type mesoporous silica nanorod-based controlled-release delivery system (Magnet-MSN) was synthesized. The stimuli-responsive release profiles of fluorescein-loaded Magnet-MSN delivery systems in the presence of external magnetic field was studied by using cell-produced antioxidants as triggers for releasing fluorescein molecules. The intracellular delivery efficiency of the Magnet-MSN system with human cervical cancer cells (HeLa) in vitro was demonstrated involving fluorescein molecules as model drug.;To take the advantage of the intracellular delivery capability ...


Person-Environment And Gender Comparisons In The Integration Of Interests, Abilities, And Skills, Sarah Fetter Anthoney Jan 2008

Person-Environment And Gender Comparisons In The Integration Of Interests, Abilities, And Skills, Sarah Fetter Anthoney

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study evaluated Holland's (1997) theory of the equivalence of person and work environment structures by comparing the relationships among interest, ability, and skills based on individual and occupational ratings of constructs selected from the U.S. Department of Labor's O*NET database. Individual ratings by 816 college students were analyzed separately by gender. A bootstrapped property vector fitting technique was used to embed ability and skill constructs into a two-dimensional RIASEC interest circumplex. No significant gender differences were found in the integration of these constructs. There were differences between the person and environment models for 14 of ...


Voltage-Activated Currents And Their Modulation In Somatic Muscle Cells Of The Nematode Ascaris Suum, Saurabh Verma Jan 2008

Voltage-Activated Currents And Their Modulation In Somatic Muscle Cells Of The Nematode Ascaris Suum, Saurabh Verma

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Voltage-activated currents have been isolated in nematodes and are associated with depolarization (calcium channels) or recovery of the cell after the depolarization (potassium channels). Different subtypes of voltage-activated calcium channel have been identified in vertebrates. In nematodes, advances in C. elegans genomics led to the identification of voltage-activated calcium channel subtypes. These subtypes show homologies to vertebrate calcium channels but are pharmacologically and physiologically different. The understanding of the physiology of these different voltage-activated channels is becoming increasingly important as we try to lower the development of resistance to present anthelmintics. Major classes of anthelmintics produce their effect by modulating ...


Immunomodulatory, Anti-Inflammatory And Wound Healing Properties Of Echinacea Species, Zili Zhai Jan 2008

Immunomodulatory, Anti-Inflammatory And Wound Healing Properties Of Echinacea Species, Zili Zhai

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Herbal or botanical supplements have multiple health benefits. Public interest in these supplements has increased greatly in recent years aimed at modulation of the immune system to combat immune-related diseases. Historically, Echinacea has long been used as phytotherapy for wound healing, pain relief and treatment of the common cold. Although the non-specific immunostimulating properties of Echinacea species have been widely investigated, academic knowledge of the adaptive immune-modulating activity, the anti-inflammatory activity and the mechanistic basis for these immunomodulatory properties remain elusive. In this dissertation, we focused our research interest in these less explored fields, with an emphasis on the herbal ...


Provocateurs And Triggers: Induction Of Antigen-Specific Responses To The Colonic Resident Microbiota And Susceptibility To Colitis, Abigail Lynn Henderson Jan 2008

Provocateurs And Triggers: Induction Of Antigen-Specific Responses To The Colonic Resident Microbiota And Susceptibility To Colitis, Abigail Lynn Henderson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract (GI) that develops in part as a result of an aberrant immune response to enteric bacteria in the GI tract. The initial provocation and subsequent inflammatory trigger(s) that contribute to the pathogenesis of IBD have yet to be fully elucidated. A multiple-hit model of IBD was developed using defined flora (DF) mice as a model to address the aberrations in the immune response that develop following colonization with a bacterial provocateur prior to an environmental/inflammatory trigger. These studies demonstrated that Helicobacter bilis colonization of immune competent ...


Designing A Nutritional Packaging System For End Stage Renal Disease Patients On Hemodialysis To Maintain Their Diet And Health, Min Sun Lee Jan 2008

Designing A Nutritional Packaging System For End Stage Renal Disease Patients On Hemodialysis To Maintain Their Diet And Health, Min Sun Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

End Stage renal disease; or ESRD is a kidney disease that requires a strict dietary regimen in order to limit the life-threatening effects of a poor diet. This dietary regimen requires careful regulation of 8 essential nutrients: calories, proteins, sodium, phosphorous, calcium, potassium, vitamins, and minerals. This strict diet creates a number of complications in patients' lives, including malnutrition, fatigue, other diseases, and death.;The purpose of this study was to develop an appropriate packaging system that provided nutritional information, was appetizing, and focused on the cognitive, affective, and emotional dietary needs of ESRD patients.;The design research for this ...


Lc-Ms Techniques For Analytical Testing Of Recombinant Human Erythropoietin And Darbepoetin Alfa In Equine Plasma Samples For Anti-Doping Control, Kenneth Phung Jan 2008

Lc-Ms Techniques For Analytical Testing Of Recombinant Human Erythropoietin And Darbepoetin Alfa In Equine Plasma Samples For Anti-Doping Control, Kenneth Phung

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) and Darbepoetin alfa (Darbe) are erythropoietic drugs that must be monitored for possible abuse in horse racing sporting events. An improved detecton method modified from literature methods was developed for confirmative and semi-quantitative analysis of these erythropoietic drugs in equine plasma samples. Anti-rhEPO antibodies coated onto magnetic beads were used for immunoaffinity separation to extract any rhEPO and/or Darbe present in equine plasma samples. The rhEPO and/or Darbe bound onto the antibody coated magnetic beads were extracted with a 0.1% polyethylene glycol (PEG) pH 2.0 buffer solution. A buffer exchange procedure was ...


"It's Not Fair!" Mothers' Experiences With Perinatal Loss Upon Confirmation Of A Lethal Prenatal Diagnosis, Teske Renee Drake Jan 2008

"It's Not Fair!" Mothers' Experiences With Perinatal Loss Upon Confirmation Of A Lethal Prenatal Diagnosis, Teske Renee Drake

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The loss of a child does not agree with most people's perceptions of the natural order of life and death. It marks an end to the hopes and dreams that parents have made for their children (Znoj & Keller, 2002). This feminist narrative inquiry explores mothers' experiences with decision-making and grief after receiving a lethal prenatal diagnosis for their unborn child. In such circumstances, mothers are often faced with two options: (1) expectant management/continue the pregnancy, or (2) termination of the pregnancy (Rapp, 1999; Hoeldtke & Calhoun, 2001). Through interviewing, participant observation, and personal narrative, I uncover the grief experiences of mothers as they reflect on their child's terminal diagnosis, decision-making pertaining to pregnancy management, and the unavoidable death of their child. These women's stories inform policy, practice, and future research by providing insight into the support services offered, or lack thereof, depending on the ...


Effects Of Substrate And Co-Culture On Neural Progenitor Cell Differentiation, Erin Boote Jones Jan 2008

Effects Of Substrate And Co-Culture On Neural Progenitor Cell Differentiation, Erin Boote Jones

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

For stem and progenitor cells to become clinically useful, the factors that influence their differentiation must be better understood. The interaction between progenitor cells and their environment is thought to be one of the main influences on differentiation. This thesis examines the effects of media conditioned by primary astrocytes and extracellular matrix protein surface coatings on the differentiation of neural progenitor cells.


Purchasing Practices, Barriers, And Industry Support In Child Nutrition Programs Needed To Meet Wellness Policy Requirements, Tami Jo Cline Jan 2008

Purchasing Practices, Barriers, And Industry Support In Child Nutrition Programs Needed To Meet Wellness Policy Requirements, Tami Jo Cline

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Beginning with the 2006-2007 school year, schools were required by the U.S. Department of Agriculture to implement local wellness policies. Because this area of study is relatively new, a limited number of readings were found in the literature related to implementation of such policies, as well as the content of policies implemented thus far. The purpose of this study was to use focus group and survey data to identify the purchasing practices used by the largest 100 school districts and industry's perception of the purchasing practices used in schools.;Specific research objectives included determining if the largest 100 ...


Application Of Evidence-Based Medicine To Veterinary Science And Food Safety, Thomas Nishantha Denagamage Jan 2008

Application Of Evidence-Based Medicine To Veterinary Science And Food Safety, Thomas Nishantha Denagamage

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is an area of clinical medicine that uses aims to combine the best scientific evidence with practical experience to make the decision about a patient's outcome. The concept has been used in human medicine for the past 15-20 years and has expanded in include areas of evidence-based public health and evidence based nursing. In veterinary science and food safety, recent publications have discussed the need for evidence-based approaches to study design and literature review in agri-food public health to make informed decisions for food safety policy makers and other decision makers in food production continuum. The ...


Pre- And Post-Admission Criteria As Predictors Of Academic Success In An Associate Degree Nursing Program, Nancy Lee Conzett Muecke Jan 2008

Pre- And Post-Admission Criteria As Predictors Of Academic Success In An Associate Degree Nursing Program, Nancy Lee Conzett Muecke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Early identification of predictors of academic success or challenges assists faculty and staff in providing effective support to those who may need it. This study examined the relationship between selected pre- and post-admission criteria and two measures of academic success: successful completion of an associate degree registered nursing program (ADN), and first-attempt success on the National Council Licensing Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN). The subjects were 404 students enrolled in the nursing program between 1998 and 2005. The nursing program was located at a small, private, health-system based institution in the Midwest.;There were six pre-admission independent variables and five ...


Novel Amphiphilic Polyanhydrides For Vaccine Delivery, María Del Pilar Torres-González Jan 2008

Novel Amphiphilic Polyanhydrides For Vaccine Delivery, María Del Pilar Torres-González

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The rapid development of biopharmaceuticals suggests that many future vaccines will involve the delivery of peptide or protein sub units. The overall goal of this work is to design novel vaccine adjuvants based on biodegradable polymers that protect, stabilize, and enhance the immunogenicity of these protein antigens. Polyanhydrides, which are surface erodible polymers, have shown excellent performance as drug carriers. Their hydrophobic nature prevents water penetration into the bulk, thus eliminating water-induced covalent aggregation of proteins. Unfortunately, protein inactivation by non-covalent aggregation may still persist. It has been suggested that the use of carriers containing both hydrophobic and hydrophilic entities ...


Nutritional And Hormonal Modulation Of Diabetes-Perturbed Folate, Homocysteine, And Methyl Group Metabolism, Kristin M. Nieman Jan 2008

Nutritional And Hormonal Modulation Of Diabetes-Perturbed Folate, Homocysteine, And Methyl Group Metabolism, Kristin M. Nieman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Folate, homocysteine, and methyl group metabolism mutually function to provide methyl groups for numerous biosynthetic- and modification-type reactions necessary for optimal health. Methyl groups from these pathways are utilized in the production of important compounds such as nucleic acids, protein, and phospholipids. Thus it is vital to understand the factors that both disrupt and maintain their delicate balance to prevent disease. Disruption of these metabolic pathways is associated with several pathologies including carcinogenesis, birth defects, and vascular disease. Moreover, the disruption of these metabolic pathways may be a link between chronic disease and complications of that disease. Both nutritional and ...


Holes In The Health Care Safety Net: An Ethnographic Study Of A Free Medical Clinic, Pamela Ann Duffy Jan 2008

Holes In The Health Care Safety Net: An Ethnographic Study Of A Free Medical Clinic, Pamela Ann Duffy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation is to provide insight into the patient and volunteer perspective of their experiences at free medical clinics and, from the analysis of those data, inform health professions education. Many uninsured and underserved patients use the free clinic as their medical home to manage acute and chronic conditions and as a source of prescription medications. The volunteers find their experiences to be a fulfillment of their desire to give back to their community, a way to meet an obligation of professional duty, and hold to the moral belief that they should help those in need. Feminist ...


An Assessment Of Performance Measures In Child Nutrition Programs, Elizabeth Northway Hanna Jan 2008

An Assessment Of Performance Measures In Child Nutrition Programs, Elizabeth Northway Hanna

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

School Child Nutrition Program (CNP) directors are expected to operate efficient, productive, and effective meals programs (Boehrer, 1993; Decker, et al. 1992; USDA, 2008). A variety of performance measures can be used to assess CNPs' operational effectiveness. The purposes of this research were to investigate management and financial attributes perceived by foodservice directors of medium-size public school districts in the United States to impact performance measures for CNPs and investigate whether widely used standards for these performance measures, based on previous research, were relevant due to a variety of changes that had occurred in CNPs.;Two electronic questionnaires were sent ...


Physiology And Pharmacology Of Flatworm Muscle, Ekaterina B. Novozhilova Jan 2008

Physiology And Pharmacology Of Flatworm Muscle, Ekaterina B. Novozhilova

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Pharmacological characterization of voltage-operated Ca2+ channels (VOCCs), in both free-living and parasitic flatworms, has been difficult since the currents carried by these channels are small in amplitude and run down quickly. While the presence of VOCCs in the parasite Schistosoma mansoni has been evident from molecular data, they have escaped pharmacological characterization. In this study, we have been able to consistently record inward currents carried by VOCCs in isolated S. mansoni muscle fibers, using whole cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique in voltage-clamp mode. Inward voltage-activated current was recorded, under conditions that suppressed outward K+ conductance, by the replacement of ...


The Effects Of Abnormal Prion Protein Accumulation On Retinal Morphology And Function In Sheep And Cattle, Jodi D. Smith Jan 2008

The Effects Of Abnormal Prion Protein Accumulation On Retinal Morphology And Function In Sheep And Cattle, Jodi D. Smith

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE) encompass a group of unique, invariably fatal neurodegenerative diseases, which affect humans and animals. Accumulation of an abnormal form of the prion protein (PrPSc) in the central nervous system serves as their pathologic underpinning. The pathogenesis of TSE remains unclear, and the specific effects of PrPSc on cells of the nervous system have yet to be completely resolved. Previous studies have identified the accumulation of PrP Sc within the retina, the thin, highly organized piece of neural tissue lining the posterior aspect of the eye. The purpose of this dissertation was to investigate the effects of ...


Process And Impact Evaluation Of The Verb Summer Scorecard Program, Travis William Hartke Jan 2008

Process And Impact Evaluation Of The Verb Summer Scorecard Program, Travis William Hartke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There is currently a considerable public health concern about levels of inactivity in youth. This type of information has led to many state and national initiatives aimed at promoting physical activity, such as the VERB Summer Scorecard Program in Story County, Iowa where tweens (children ages 8 to 13) can complete a VERB Scorecard of physical activity by going to physically active activities and deals at businesses in the community with the outcome of earning prizes. The purpose of the study was to determine factors that influence interest and involvement in the VERB summer scorecard program. To do this, a ...


Characterization Of Porcine Circovirus Type 2a And 2b Infection And Lesions In Gnotobiotic Pigs, Phillip Charles Gauger Jan 2008

Characterization Of Porcine Circovirus Type 2a And 2b Infection And Lesions In Gnotobiotic Pigs, Phillip Charles Gauger

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Porcine circovirus (PCV) is a member of the genus Circovirus of the Circoviridae family. This family consists of a diverse group of animal viruses that possess a small, closed circular, single-stranded DNA genome that replicates through double-stranded intermediates. Two genotypes of PCV have been identified. PCV type 1 (PCV1) is non-pathogenic, while PCV type 2 (PCV2) has been implicated as the etiological agent of a collection of disease syndromes labeled porcine circovirus associated disease (PCVAD) which include postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) in swine.;In late 2005, a postweaning, high mortality syndrome spread rapidly through fattening barns in swine dense ...


The Effects Of Mid-Air Adjustments On Knee Joint Loading When Landing From A Jump, Guan Qiang Tan Jan 2008

The Effects Of Mid-Air Adjustments On Knee Joint Loading When Landing From A Jump, Guan Qiang Tan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Introduction. One of the most common injuries involving the knee joint is the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) tear. Female basketball and soccer players have about 3 times higher risk of ACL injury versus male athletes (Prodromos et al., 2007). Female athletes alter their motion pattern during the landing phase differently than male athletes. That is one of the potential reasons why females have a higher risk of ACL injury during sports (Chappell et al., 2002). Possible mechanisms of ACL injury are the deceleration of the knee in an extended position (Boden et al., 2000), shear forces applied to the leg ...