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Journal Articles

2015

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Articles 1 - 30 of 481

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Comparing The Experiences And Withdrawal Considerations Of Treatment And Regular Foster Care Parents: The Canadian Perspective, Jessica Smith, Susan Rodger, Jason Brown, Laurel E. Pickel, Wendy Den Dunnen, Alan W. Leschied Dr. Feb 2015

Comparing The Experiences And Withdrawal Considerations Of Treatment And Regular Foster Care Parents: The Canadian Perspective, Jessica Smith, Susan Rodger, Jason Brown, Laurel E. Pickel, Wendy Den Dunnen, Alan W. Leschied Dr.

Journal Articles

This study investigated differences in the experiences of Canadian foster parents providing regular and treatment foster care and their consideration to withdraw from their position. Survey responses from 852 foster parents were analyzed subsequent to separating the participants into two groups based on the primary type of care they provided (regular N = 454; treatment N = 398). Results revealed that treatment foster care parents considered withdrawing at a higher rate compared to regular foster care parents. Subsequent analysis revealed numerous differences between the two groups regarding foster parents’ experiences in fostering and reasons to withdraw. The results are discussed in the ...


Fungal Infections In Renal Transplant Patients, A. Khan, E. El-Charabaty, S. El-Sayegh Jan 2015

Fungal Infections In Renal Transplant Patients, A. Khan, E. El-Charabaty, S. El-Sayegh

Journal Articles

Organ transplantation has always been considered to be the standard therapeutic interventions in patients with end-stage organ failure. In 2008, more than 29,000 organ transplants were performed in US. Survival rates among transplant recipients have greatly improved due to better understanding of transplant biology and more effective immunosuppressive agents. After transplant, the extent of the immune response is influenced by the amount of interleukin 2 (IL-2) being produced by the T-helper cells. Transplant immunosuppressive therapy primarily targets T cell-mediated graft rejection. Calcineurin inhibitor, which includes cyclosporine, pimecrolimus and tacrolimus, impairs calcineurin-induced up-regulation of IL-2 expression, resulting in increased susceptibility ...


Have First-Year Emergency Medicine Residents Achieved Level 1 On Care-Based Milestones?, M. Weizberg, M. C. Bond, M. Cassara, C. Doty, J. Seamon Jan 2015

Have First-Year Emergency Medicine Residents Achieved Level 1 On Care-Based Milestones?, M. Weizberg, M. C. Bond, M. Cassara, C. Doty, J. Seamon

Journal Articles

BACKGROUND: Residents in Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education accredited emergency medicine (EM) residencies were assessed on 23 educational milestones to capture their progression from medical student level (Level 1) to that of an EM attending physician (Level 5). Level 1 was conceptualized to be at the level of an incoming postgraduate year (PGY)-1 resident; however, this has not been confirmed. OBJECTIVES: Our primary objective in this study was to assess incoming PGY-1 residents to determine what percentage achieved Level 1 for the 8 emergency department (ED) patient care-based milestones (PC 1-8), as assessed by faculty. Secondary objectives involved ...


Neurologic Recovery After An Exam Consistent With Brain Death In An Adolescent With Severe Asthma, L. B. Glater-Welt, A. D. Kessel Jan 2015

Neurologic Recovery After An Exam Consistent With Brain Death In An Adolescent With Severe Asthma, L. B. Glater-Welt, A. D. Kessel

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


A New Method For Calculating Femoral Anterior Cortex Point Location And Its Effect On Component Sizing And Placement, M. R. Mahfouz, E. E. A. Fatah, L. Bowers, G. Scuderi Jan 2015

A New Method For Calculating Femoral Anterior Cortex Point Location And Its Effect On Component Sizing And Placement, M. R. Mahfouz, E. E. A. Fatah, L. Bowers, G. Scuderi

Journal Articles

Variation in anterior femoral cortex morphology can cause improper component placement and alignment. When surgical inaccuracies occur, the mechanical properties of the distal femur may be altered, which could result in lower surgical success rates and an increased chance of postoperative complications. The purpose of the study is to come up with a reproducible computational algorithm to simulate what the surgeon does in the operating room. This method could help in surgical preplanning, patient-specific instruments, and implant design. From there, we evaluated (1) the angular difference between reference alignment axes; and (2) whether the location of the anterior cortex point ...


Single-Portal Arthroscopy Of The Central Compartment Of The Hip, S. Mannava, E. A. Howse, T. J. Kelsey, R. H. Barnes, A. Antunes, A. J. Stubbs Jan 2015

Single-Portal Arthroscopy Of The Central Compartment Of The Hip, S. Mannava, E. A. Howse, T. J. Kelsey, R. H. Barnes, A. Antunes, A. J. Stubbs

Journal Articles

Since hip arthroscopy has become a standard of orthopaedic practice, the indications have continued to expand as it has proved to be a helpful diagnostic, as well as therapeutic, tool. Access to the hip joint, however, remains challenging for the orthopaedic surgeon who does not routinely perform hip arthroscopy. We present a single-portal arthroscopic technique, showing the feasibility of single-portal arthroscopic access to the hip joint, as well as describing basic indications and instrumentation for single-portal hip arthroscopy. Single-portal hip arthroscopy is ideal for the patient who needs to undergo diagnostic hip arthroscopy or for treatment in patients with simple ...


Multirater Agreement Of The Causes Of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Failure: A Radiographic And Video Analysis Of The Mars Cohort, M. J. Matava, R. A. Arciero, K. M. Baumgarten, J. A. Hannafin, B. S. Miller, C. W. Nissen, T. N. Taft, B. R. Wolf, E. B. Hershman, R. W. Wright, +3 Additional Authors Jan 2015

Multirater Agreement Of The Causes Of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Failure: A Radiographic And Video Analysis Of The Mars Cohort, M. J. Matava, R. A. Arciero, K. M. Baumgarten, J. A. Hannafin, B. S. Miller, C. W. Nissen, T. N. Taft, B. R. Wolf, E. B. Hershman, R. W. Wright, +3 Additional Authors

Journal Articles

BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction failure occurs in up to 10% of cases. Technical errors are considered the most common cause of graft failure despite the absence of validated studies. Limited data are available regarding the agreement among orthopaedic surgeons regarding the causes of primary ACL reconstruction failure and accuracy of graft tunnel placement. HYPOTHESIS: Experienced knee surgeons have a high level of interobserver reliability in the agreement about the causes of primary ACL reconstruction failure, anatomic graft characteristics, and tunnel placement. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Twenty cases of revision ACL reconstruction were ...


Alemtuzumab Pharmacokinetics In Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplants For Nonmalignant Genetic Diseases, A. Jain, I. Sahdev Jan 2015

Alemtuzumab Pharmacokinetics In Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplants For Nonmalignant Genetic Diseases, A. Jain, I. Sahdev

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Mutations In Ddx3x Are A Common Cause Of Unexplained Intellectual Disability With Gender-Specific Effects On Wnt Signaling, L. Snijders Blok, E. Madsen, J. Juusola, C. Gilissen, D. Baralle, M. R. Reijnders, H. Venselaar, J. Fox, J. Mclaughlin, T. Kleefstra, +73 Additional Authors Jan 2015

Mutations In Ddx3x Are A Common Cause Of Unexplained Intellectual Disability With Gender-Specific Effects On Wnt Signaling, L. Snijders Blok, E. Madsen, J. Juusola, C. Gilissen, D. Baralle, M. R. Reijnders, H. Venselaar, J. Fox, J. Mclaughlin, T. Kleefstra, +73 Additional Authors

Journal Articles

Intellectual disability (ID) affects approximately 1%-3% of humans with a gender bias toward males. Previous studies have identified mutations in more than 100 genes on the X chromosome in males with ID, but there is less evidence for de novo mutations on the X chromosome causing ID in females. In this study we present 35 unique deleterious de novo mutations in DDX3X identified by whole exome sequencing in 38 females with ID and various other features including hypotonia, movement disorders, behavior problems, corpus callosum hypoplasia, and epilepsy. Based on our findings, mutations in DDX3X are one of the more ...


First Human Treatment With Investigational Rhgus Enzyme Replacement Therapy In An Advanced Stage Mps Vii Patient, J. E. Fox, L. Volpe, J. Bullaro, E. D. Kakkis, W. S. Sly Jan 2015

First Human Treatment With Investigational Rhgus Enzyme Replacement Therapy In An Advanced Stage Mps Vii Patient, J. E. Fox, L. Volpe, J. Bullaro, E. D. Kakkis, W. S. Sly

Journal Articles

Mucopolysaccharidosis type VII (MPS VII, Sly syndrome) is a very rare lysosomal storage disease caused by a deficiency of the enzyme beta-glucuronidase (GUS), which is required for the degradation of three glycosaminoglycans (GAGs): dermatan sulfate, heparan sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate. Progressive accumulation of these GAGs in lysosomes leads to increasing dysfunction in numerous tissues and organs. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) has been used successfully for other MPS disorders, but there is no approved treatment for MPS VII. Here we describe the first human treatment with recombinant human GUS (rhGUS), an investigational therapy for MPS VII, in a 12-year old boy ...


Fdg-Pet-Positive Lower-Extremity Sebaceous-Gland Carcinoma In A Patient With Muir-Torre Syndrome, B. Kviatkovsky, E. Landau, M. Siddique, S. Hossri, A. Ebaee, J.P. Attalah, A. Picon, A. Brenner Jan 2015

Fdg-Pet-Positive Lower-Extremity Sebaceous-Gland Carcinoma In A Patient With Muir-Torre Syndrome, B. Kviatkovsky, E. Landau, M. Siddique, S. Hossri, A. Ebaee, J.P. Attalah, A. Picon, A. Brenner

Journal Articles

Sebaceous-gland carcinoma can occur alone or as one of the defining features of the Muir-Torre syndrome. Cases occurring below the head and neck are extremely rare. Here we describe the case of a 70-year-old male with Muir-Torre syndrome who had a recurrent sebaceous-gland carcinoma in the left lower extremity that demonstrated 18F-FDG avidity. An 18F-FDG-avid lower-extremity sebaceous-gland carcinoma has not been previously reported.


Hmgb1 Mediates Anemia Of Inflammation In Murine Sepsis Survivors, S. I. Valdes-Ferrer, J. Papoin, M. E. Dancho, L. P. S. Olofsson, J. Li, J. M. Lipton, P. Avancena, H. Yang, Y. R. Zou, S. S. Chavan, B. T. Volpe, S. Rivella, B. Diamond, B. M. Steinberg, L. Blanc, K. J. Tracey, +2 Additional Authors Jan 2015

Hmgb1 Mediates Anemia Of Inflammation In Murine Sepsis Survivors, S. I. Valdes-Ferrer, J. Papoin, M. E. Dancho, L. P. S. Olofsson, J. Li, J. M. Lipton, P. Avancena, H. Yang, Y. R. Zou, S. S. Chavan, B. T. Volpe, S. Rivella, B. Diamond, B. M. Steinberg, L. Blanc, K. J. Tracey, +2 Additional Authors

Journal Articles

Patients surviving sepsis develop anemia but the molecular mechanism is unknown. Here we observed that mice surviving polymicrobial Gram-negative sepsis develop hypochromic, microcytic anemia with reticulocytosis. The bone marrow of sepsis survivors accumulates polychromatophilic and orthochromatic erythroblasts. Compensatory extramedullary erythropoiesis in the spleen is defective during terminal differentiation. Circulating TNF and IL-6 are elevated for five days after the onset of sepsis, and serum HMGB1 levels are increased from day seven until at least day 28. Administration of recombinant HMGB1 to healthy mice mediates anemia with extramedullary erythropoiesis and significantly elevated reticulocyte counts. Moreover, administration of anti-HMGB1 monoclonal antibodies after ...


Arthroscopic Excision Of Acetabular Osteoid Osteoma: Computer Tomography-Guided Approach, C. Tamam, E. A. Howse, M. Tamam, R. H. Barnes, T. J. Kelsey, B. Perry, A. J. Stubbs Jan 2015

Arthroscopic Excision Of Acetabular Osteoid Osteoma: Computer Tomography-Guided Approach, C. Tamam, E. A. Howse, M. Tamam, R. H. Barnes, T. J. Kelsey, B. Perry, A. J. Stubbs

Journal Articles

Osteoid osteoma is a benign osteoblastic tumor that occurs in the subcortical shaft and metaphysis of the long bones of the lower extremities; however, intra-articular lesions are also possible. Intra-articular osteoid osteomas are rare, and clinical symptoms are often less specific and, thereby, may lead to misdiagnosis. The definitive treatment for osteoid osteoma is the excision of the nidus. We present the case of a 23-year-old man with a 4-year history of right anterior hip pain, subsequently diagnosed with a subarticular osteoid osteoma located in the right anterior acetabulum. Hip arthroscopic excision of the juxta-articular osteoid osteoma is presented as ...


Growth And Tolerance Of Preterm Infants Fed A New Extensively Hydrolyzed Liquid Human Milk Fortifier, J. H. Kim, G. Chan, R. Schanler, S. Groh-Wargo, B. Bloom, R. Dimmit, L. Williams, G. Baggs, B. Barrett-Reis Jan 2015

Growth And Tolerance Of Preterm Infants Fed A New Extensively Hydrolyzed Liquid Human Milk Fortifier, J. H. Kim, G. Chan, R. Schanler, S. Groh-Wargo, B. Bloom, R. Dimmit, L. Williams, G. Baggs, B. Barrett-Reis

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


High Incidence Of Noonan Syndrome Features Including Short Stature And Pulmonic Stenosis In Patients Carrying Nf1 Missense Mutations Affecting P.Arg1809: Genotype-Phenotype Correlation, K. Rojnueangnit, J. Xie, A. Gomes, A. Sharp, T. Callens, Y. Chen, Y. Liu, M. Cochran, M. G. Bialer, L. Messiaen, +63 Additional Authors Jan 2015

High Incidence Of Noonan Syndrome Features Including Short Stature And Pulmonic Stenosis In Patients Carrying Nf1 Missense Mutations Affecting P.Arg1809: Genotype-Phenotype Correlation, K. Rojnueangnit, J. Xie, A. Gomes, A. Sharp, T. Callens, Y. Chen, Y. Liu, M. Cochran, M. G. Bialer, L. Messiaen, +63 Additional Authors

Journal Articles

Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is one of the most frequent genetic disorders, affecting 1:3,000 worldwide. Identification of genotype-phenotype correlations is challenging because of the wide range clinical variability, the progressive nature of the disorder, and extreme diversity of the mutational spectrum. We report 136 individuals with a distinct phenotype carrying one of five different NF1 missense mutations affecting p.Arg1809. Patients presented with multiple cafe-au-lait macules (CALM) with or without freckling and Lisch nodules, but no externally visible plexiform neurofibromas or clear cutaneous neurofibromas were found. About 25% of the individuals had Noonan-like features. Pulmonic stenosis and short ...


Comparing Segmented Asl Perfusion Of Vascular Territories Using Manual Versus Semiautomated Techniques In Children With Sickle Cell Anemia, K. J. Helton, J. O. Glass, W. E. Reddick, A. Paydar, A. R. Zandieh, R. Dave, M. P. Smeltzer, S. Wu, B. Aygun, R. J. Ogg, +1 Additional Author Jan 2015

Comparing Segmented Asl Perfusion Of Vascular Territories Using Manual Versus Semiautomated Techniques In Children With Sickle Cell Anemia, K. J. Helton, J. O. Glass, W. E. Reddick, A. Paydar, A. R. Zandieh, R. Dave, M. P. Smeltzer, S. Wu, B. Aygun, R. J. Ogg, +1 Additional Author

Journal Articles

PURPOSE: Elevated cerebral blood flow (CBF) in sickle cell anemia (SCA) is an adaptive pathophysiologic response associated with decreased vascular reserve and increased risk for ischemia. We compared manual (M) and semiautomated (SA) vascular territory delineation to facilitate standardized evaluation of CBF in children with SCA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ASL perfusion values from 21 children were compared for gray matter and white matter (WM) in vascular territories defined by M and SA delineation. SA delineated CBF was compared with clinical and hematologic variables acquired within 4 weeks of the MRI. RESULTS: CBF measurements from M (MCA 82 left, 79 right ...


Brain Metabolism And Autoantibody Titres Predict Functional Impairment In Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, M. Mackay, C. C. Tang, B. T. Volpe, C. Aranow, P. J. Mattis, R. A. Korff, B. Diamond, D. Eidelberg Jan 2015

Brain Metabolism And Autoantibody Titres Predict Functional Impairment In Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, M. Mackay, C. C. Tang, B. T. Volpe, C. Aranow, P. J. Mattis, R. A. Korff, B. Diamond, D. Eidelberg

Journal Articles

OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) disease duration or serology associate with abnormal regional glucose metabolism as measured with [(18)F]2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) and deficits on neuropsychological testing. METHODS: Subjects with SLE with stable disease activity, without brain damage or clinical symptoms of neuropsychiatric (NP) SLE, stratified by disease duration (short-term (ST)-SLE=disease/=10 years), underwent clinical assessments, neuropsychological testing, resting FDG-PET scan imaging and measurement of serum titres of antibody to N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (DNRAb). FDG-PET scans were compared with age-matched and gender-matched healthy controls. RESULTS: Subjects with LT-SLE demonstrated hypometabolism in the prefrontal ...


Use Of Serogroup B Meningococcal Vaccines In Adolescents And Young Adults: Recommendations Of The Advisory Committee On Immunization Practices, 2015, J. R. Macneil, L. Rubin, T. Folaranmi, I. R. Ortega-Sanchez, M. Patel, S. W. Martin Jan 2015

Use Of Serogroup B Meningococcal Vaccines In Adolescents And Young Adults: Recommendations Of The Advisory Committee On Immunization Practices, 2015, J. R. Macneil, L. Rubin, T. Folaranmi, I. R. Ortega-Sanchez, M. Patel, S. W. Martin

Journal Articles

At its June 2015 meeting, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommended that adolescents and young adults aged 16-23 years may be vaccinated with a serogroup B meningococcal (MenB) vaccine to provide short-term protection against most strains of serogroup B meningococcal disease. This report summarizes the deliberations of ACIP, the rationale for its decision, and recommendations for use of MenB vaccines in adolescents and young adults. Two MenB vaccines have recently been licensed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in the United States and approved for use in persons aged 10-25 years: MenB-FHbp (Trumenba, Wyeth Pharmaceuticals ...


Association Of Prenatal Perchlorate, Thiocyanate, And Nitrate Exposure With Neonatal Size And Gestational Age, K. A. Evans, D. Q. Rich, B. Weinberger, A. M. Vetrano, L. Valentin-Blasini, P. O. Strickland, B. C. Blount Jan 2015

Association Of Prenatal Perchlorate, Thiocyanate, And Nitrate Exposure With Neonatal Size And Gestational Age, K. A. Evans, D. Q. Rich, B. Weinberger, A. M. Vetrano, L. Valentin-Blasini, P. O. Strickland, B. C. Blount

Journal Articles

BACKGROUND: Perchlorate and similar anions compete with iodine for uptake into the thyroid by the sodium iodide symporter (NIS). This may restrict fetal growth via impaired thyroid hormone production. METHODS: We collected urine samples from 107 pregnant women and used linear regression to estimate differences in newborn size and gestational age associated with increases in perchlorate, thiocyanate, nitrate, and perchlorate equivalence concentrations (PEC; measure of total NIS inhibitor exposure). RESULTS: NIS inhibitor concentrations were not associated with newborn weight, length, or gestational age. Each 2.62ng/mug creatinine increase in perchlorate was associated with smaller head circumference (0.32cm; 95 ...


Dissecting Allele Architecture Of Early Onset Ibd Using High-Density Genotyping, D. J. Cutler, M. E. Zwick, D. T. Okou, S. Prahalad, T. Walters, S. L. Guthery, M. Dubinsky, R. Baldassano, J. Markowitz, S. Kugathasan, +24 Additional Authors Jan 2015

Dissecting Allele Architecture Of Early Onset Ibd Using High-Density Genotyping, D. J. Cutler, M. E. Zwick, D. T. Okou, S. Prahalad, T. Walters, S. L. Guthery, M. Dubinsky, R. Baldassano, J. Markowitz, S. Kugathasan, +24 Additional Authors

Journal Articles

BACKGROUND: The inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are common, complex disorders in which genetic and environmental factors are believed to interact leading to chronic inflammatory responses against the gut microbiota. Earlier genetic studies performed in mostly adult population of European descent identified 163 loci affecting IBD risk, but most have relatively modest effect sizes, and altogether explain only ~20% of the genetic susceptibility. Pediatric onset represents about 25% of overall incident cases in IBD, characterized by distinct disease physiology, course and risks. The goal of this study is to compare the allelic architecture of early onset IBD with adult onset in ...


Differences In Birth Weight Associated With The 2008 Beijing Olympics Air Pollution Reduction: Results From A Natural Experiment, D. Q. Rich, K. Liu, J. Zhang, S. W. Thurston, T. P. Stevens, Y. Pan, C. Kane, B. Weinberger, P. Ohman-Strickland, +3 Additional Authors Jan 2015

Differences In Birth Weight Associated With The 2008 Beijing Olympics Air Pollution Reduction: Results From A Natural Experiment, D. Q. Rich, K. Liu, J. Zhang, S. W. Thurston, T. P. Stevens, Y. Pan, C. Kane, B. Weinberger, P. Ohman-Strickland, +3 Additional Authors

Journal Articles

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported decreased birth weight associated with increased air pollutant concentrations during pregnancy. However, it is not clear when during pregnancy increases in air pollution are associated with the largest differences in birth weight. OBJECTIVES: Using the natural experiment of air pollution declines during the 2008 Beijing Olympics, we evaluated whether having specific months of pregnancy (i.e., 1st...8th) during the 2008 Olympics period was associated with larger birth weights, compared with pregnancies during the same dates in 2007 or 2009. METHODS: Using n = 83,672 term births to mothers residing in four urban districts of ...


Effects Of Wharton's Jelly-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells On Neonatal Neutrophils, I. Khan, L. Zhang, M. Mohammed, F. E. Archer, J. Abukharmah, Z. Yuan, S. S. Rizvi, M. G. Melek, B. Weinberger, A. M. Vetrano, +2 Additional Authors Jan 2015

Effects Of Wharton's Jelly-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells On Neonatal Neutrophils, I. Khan, L. Zhang, M. Mohammed, F. E. Archer, J. Abukharmah, Z. Yuan, S. S. Rizvi, M. G. Melek, B. Weinberger, A. M. Vetrano, +2 Additional Authors

Journal Articles

BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been proposed as autologous therapy for inflammatory diseases in neonates. MSCs from umbilical cord Wharton's jelly (WJ-MSCs) are accessible, with high proliferative capacity. The effects of WJ-MSCs on neutrophil activity in neonates are not known. We compared the effects of WJ-MSCs on apoptosis and the expression of inflammatory, oxidant, and antioxidant mediators in adult and neonatal neutrophils. METHODS: WJ-MSCs were isolated, and their purity and function were confirmed by flow cytometry. Neutrophils were isolated from cord and adult blood by density centrifugation. The effects of neutrophil/WJ-MSC co-culture on apoptosis and gene and ...


Prevention Of Conversion To Abnormal Tcd With Hydroxyurea In Sickle Cell Anemia: A Phase Iii International Randomized Clinical Trial, J. S. Hankins, M. B. Mccarville, A. Rankine-Mullings, M. E. Reid, C. L. Lobo, P. G. Moura, S. Ali, D. Soares, B. Aygun, R. E. Ware, +7 Additional Authors Jan 2015

Prevention Of Conversion To Abnormal Tcd With Hydroxyurea In Sickle Cell Anemia: A Phase Iii International Randomized Clinical Trial, J. S. Hankins, M. B. Mccarville, A. Rankine-Mullings, M. E. Reid, C. L. Lobo, P. G. Moura, S. Ali, D. Soares, B. Aygun, R. E. Ware, +7 Additional Authors

Journal Articles

Children with sickle cell anemia (SCA) and conditional transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasound velocities (170-199 cm/sec) may develop stroke. However, with limited available clinical data, the current standard of care for conditional TCD velocities is observation. The efficacy of hydroxyurea in preventing conversion from conditional to abnormal TCD (>/=200 cm/sec), which confers a higher stroke risk, has not been studied prospectively in a randomized trial. Sparing Conversion to Abnormal TCD Elevation (SCATE #NCT01531387) was an NHLBI-funded Phase III multicenter international clinical trial comparing alternative therapy (hydroxyurea) to standard care (observation) to prevent conversion from conditional to abnormal TCD velocity ...


Diagnosis And Management Of Infantile Hemangioma, D. H. Darrow, A. K. Greene, A. J. Mancini, A. J. Nopper, T. M. O Jan 2015

Diagnosis And Management Of Infantile Hemangioma, D. H. Darrow, A. K. Greene, A. J. Mancini, A. J. Nopper, T. M. O

Journal Articles

Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are the most common tumors of childhood. Unlike other tumors, they have the unique ability to involute after proliferation, often leading primary care providers to assume they will resolve without intervention or consequence. Unfortunately, a subset of IHs rapidly develop complications, resulting in pain, functional impairment, or permanent disfigurement. As a result, the primary clinician has the task of determining which lesions require early consultation with a specialist. Although several recent reviews have been published, this clinical report is the first based on input from individuals representing the many specialties involved in the treatment of IH. Its ...


High Mobility Group Box Protein 1 (Hmgb1): The Prototypical Endogenous Danger Molecule, Huan Yang, H. Wang, Sangeeta S. Chavan, Ulf Andersson Jan 2015

High Mobility Group Box Protein 1 (Hmgb1): The Prototypical Endogenous Danger Molecule, Huan Yang, H. Wang, Sangeeta S. Chavan, Ulf Andersson

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Patient Expectations And Long-Term Outcomes In Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients: Results From The Sara (Silicone Arthroplasty In Rheumatoid Arthritis) Study, K. C. Chung, K. W. Nellans, P. B. Burns, E. F. S. Wilgis, F. D. Burke, D. A. Fox, H. M. Kim Jan 2015

Patient Expectations And Long-Term Outcomes In Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients: Results From The Sara (Silicone Arthroplasty In Rheumatoid Arthritis) Study, K. C. Chung, K. W. Nellans, P. B. Burns, E. F. S. Wilgis, F. D. Burke, D. A. Fox, H. M. Kim

Journal Articles

Little evidence exists to understand the influence of patient expectations on outcomes for silicone metacarpophalangeal arthroplasty (SMPA). The purpose of this paper is to compare long-term treatment outcome experiences regarding hand function/appearance for a surgical and nonsurgical cohort of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and contrast them to expectations at baseline. This sample is part of a larger multicenter prospective cohort study of RA patients enrolled from 2004 to 2008. A total of 169 RA patients with severe deformities at the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints were recruited in the original study. Expectations for SMPA were collected at enrollment. A follow-up patient-reported ...


An Ongoing Search For Potential Targets And Therapies For Lethal Sepsis, G. Q. Bao, L. He, D. Lee, J. D'Angelo, H. C. Wang Jan 2015

An Ongoing Search For Potential Targets And Therapies For Lethal Sepsis, G. Q. Bao, L. He, D. Lee, J. D'Angelo, H. C. Wang

Journal Articles

Sepsis, which refers to a systemic inflammatory response syndrome resulting from a microbial infection, represents the leading cause of death in intensive care units. The pathogenesis of sepsis remains poorly understood although it is attributable to dysregulated immune responses orchestrated by innate immune cells that are sequentially released early (e.g., tumor necrosis factor(TNF), interleukin-1(IL-1), and interferon-gamma(IFN-gamma)) and late (e.g., high mobility group box 1(HMGB1)) pro-inflammatory mediators. As a ubiquitous nuclear protein, HMGB1 can be passively released from pathologically damaged cells, thereby converging infection and injury on commonly dysregulated inflammatory responses. We review evidence that ...


Prescription For Antidepressant In Reducing Future Alcohol-Related Readmission In Patients Suffering From Depression And Alcohol Use Disorder: A Retrospective Medical Record Review, P. Chan, K. Yomen, J. Turcios, M. Richman Jan 2015

Prescription For Antidepressant In Reducing Future Alcohol-Related Readmission In Patients Suffering From Depression And Alcohol Use Disorder: A Retrospective Medical Record Review, P. Chan, K. Yomen, J. Turcios, M. Richman

Journal Articles

BACKGROUND: Patients suffering from major depressive disorder are more likely to suffer from alcohol use disorder. The data is inconclusive for the effectiveness of antidepressant treatment of patients suffering from both illnesses in regards to improving sobriety and reducing alcohol-related healthcare expenses such as hospitalizations. The objective of this study is to determine if a new prescription of an antidepressant upon inpatient discharge is associated with a reduction in the number of future acute alcohol-related hospital readmissions to the same institution in patients suffering from major depressive disorder and alcohol-use disorder. METHODS: A retrospective, medical record review study was conducted ...


Not Just Painless Bleeding: Meckel's Diverticulum As A Cause Of Small Bowel Obstruction In Children-Two Cases And A Review Of The Literature, K. Itriyeva, M. Harris, J. Rocker, R. Gochman Jan 2015

Not Just Painless Bleeding: Meckel's Diverticulum As A Cause Of Small Bowel Obstruction In Children-Two Cases And A Review Of The Literature, K. Itriyeva, M. Harris, J. Rocker, R. Gochman

Journal Articles

Physicians are educated with the classical teaching that symptomatic patients with Meckel's diverticulum (MD) most often present with painless rectal bleeding. However, a review of the literature reveals that young patients with MD will most commonly present with signs of intestinal obstruction, an etiology not frequency considered in patients presenting to the emergency department with obstruction. We present two cases of intestinal obstruction diagnosed in our emergency department, with Meckel's diverticulum being the etiology.


Bedside Echocardiography For Undifferentiated Hypotension: Diagnosis Of A Right Heart Thrombus, J. F. Kenny, X. Zhong, C. Brown, D. Das, B. Royall, M. Kapoor Jan 2015

Bedside Echocardiography For Undifferentiated Hypotension: Diagnosis Of A Right Heart Thrombus, J. F. Kenny, X. Zhong, C. Brown, D. Das, B. Royall, M. Kapoor

Journal Articles

A free-floating right heart thrombus is often a harbinger of a massive pulmonary embolism and must be diagnosed and treated rapidly in order to avoid significant adverse sequelae. We present the case of an 84-year-old female who presented with two days of dyspnea and was hypotensive on arrival. Bedside ultrasound was performed by the emergency physician and showed a large, mobile right heart thrombus leading to immediate administration of a thrombolytic. In this case, bedside ultrasound was utilized to help further delineate clinical care in a progressively worsening patient, leading to a potentially lifesaving treatment.