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Journal Articles

2014

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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

An Exploratory Study Of User Resistance In Healthcare It, Madison Ngafeeson, Vishal Midha Sep 2014

An Exploratory Study Of User Resistance In Healthcare It, Madison Ngafeeson, Vishal Midha

Journal Articles

The US healthcare system is clearly experiencing a major transition. By 2015, the healthcare sector is expected to have migrated from a paper record system to a completely electronic health record (EHR) system. The adoption and use of these systems are expected to increase legibility, reduce costs, limit medical errors and improve the overall quality of healthcare. Hence, the US government is investing $70 billion over a 10-year period to facilitate the transition to an electronic system. However, early reports show that physicians and nurses among other health professionals continue to resist the full use of the system. This paper ...


Laboring To Mother In The Context Of Past Trauma: The Transition To Motherhood, Berman Helene, Robin Mason, Jodi Hall, Susan Rodger, Catherine C. Classen, Marilyn K. Evans, Lori E. Ross, Gloria Alvernaz Mulcahy, Leonarda Carranza, Fatmeh Al-Zoubi Feb 2014

Laboring To Mother In The Context Of Past Trauma: The Transition To Motherhood, Berman Helene, Robin Mason, Jodi Hall, Susan Rodger, Catherine C. Classen, Marilyn K. Evans, Lori E. Ross, Gloria Alvernaz Mulcahy, Leonarda Carranza, Fatmeh Al-Zoubi

Journal Articles

The occurrence of interpersonal trauma is a reality for many women, with effects that often persist long after the traumatic events end. The purpose of this feminist grounded theory study was to examine how past trauma shaped the lives of women as they became new mothers. We recruited a purposive sample of 32 women from two Canadian communities and conducted semistructured, dialogic interviews during the second trimester of pregnancy. We analyzed data using thematic content analytic methods, including open coding whereby we read transcripts line by line and applied codes to portions of text that illustrated concepts or themes. The ...


The Quetiapine Active Metabolite N-Desalkylquetiapine And The Neurotensin Nts1 Receptor Agonist Pd149163 Exhibit Antidepressant-Like Effects On Operant Responding In Male Rats, Todd M. Hillhouse, Zachary Shankland, Katelin S. Matazel, Ashley Keiser, Adam J. Prus Jan 2014

The Quetiapine Active Metabolite N-Desalkylquetiapine And The Neurotensin Nts1 Receptor Agonist Pd149163 Exhibit Antidepressant-Like Effects On Operant Responding In Male Rats, Todd M. Hillhouse, Zachary Shankland, Katelin S. Matazel, Ashley Keiser, Adam J. Prus

Journal Articles

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is the most common mood disorder in the United States and European Union; however, the limitations of clinically available antidepressant drugs have led researchers to pursue novel pharmacological treatments. Clinical studies have reported that monotherapy with the atypical antipsychotic drug quetiapine produces a rapid reduction in depressive symptoms that are apparent following one week of quetiapine treatment, and it is possible that the active metabolite N-Desalkylquetiapine, which structurally resembles an antidepressant drug, produces antidepressant effects. Neuropharmacological evaluations of the neurotensin NTS1 receptor agonist PD149163 are suggestive of antidepressant efficacy, but the effects of a NTS ...


A Consensus Parameter For The Evaluation And Management Of Angioedema In The Emergency Department, J. J. Moellman, J. A. Bernstein, C. Lindsell, A. Banerji, P. J. Busse, C. A., Jr. Camargo, S. P. Collins, R. L. Campbell, S. Schneider, R. Sinert, +10 Additional Authors Jan 2014

A Consensus Parameter For The Evaluation And Management Of Angioedema In The Emergency Department, J. J. Moellman, J. A. Bernstein, C. Lindsell, A. Banerji, P. J. Busse, C. A., Jr. Camargo, S. P. Collins, R. L. Campbell, S. Schneider, R. Sinert, +10 Additional Authors

Journal Articles

Despite its relatively common occurrence and life-threatening potential, the management of angioedema in the emergency department (ED) is lacking in terms of a structured approach. It is paramount to distinguish the different etiologies of angioedema from one another and more specifically differentiate histaminergic-mediated angioedema from bradykinin-mediated angioedema, especially in lieu of the more novel treatments that have recently become available for bradykinin-mediated angioedema. With this background in mind, this consensus parameter for the evaluation and management of angioedema attempts to provide a working framework for emergency physicians (EPs) in approaching the patient with angioedema in terms of diagnosis and management ...


Hpv-Associated Lung Cancers: An International Pooled Analysis, C. Ragin, D. Gibbs, C. Koriyama, J. Koshiol, J. Sykes, S. W. Hee, J. Yokota, A. Zaravinos, E. Taioli Jan 2014

Hpv-Associated Lung Cancers: An International Pooled Analysis, C. Ragin, D. Gibbs, C. Koriyama, J. Koshiol, J. Sykes, S. W. Hee, J. Yokota, A. Zaravinos, E. Taioli

Journal Articles

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the etiologic risk factor for cervical cancer. Some studies have suggested an association with a subset of lung tumors, but the etiologic link has not been firmly established. We performed an international pooled analysis of cross-sectional studies (27 datasets, n = 3249 patients) to evaluate HPV DNA prevalence in lung cancer and to investigate viral presence according to clinical and demographic characteristics. HPV16/18 were the most commonly detected, but with substantial variation in viral prevalence between geographic regions. The highest prevalence of HPV16/18 was observed in South and Central America, followed by Asia, North America ...


Direct Oral Anticoagulants New Drugs And New Concepts, J. H. Levy, A. C. Spyropoulos, C. M. Samama, J. Douketis Jan 2014

Direct Oral Anticoagulants New Drugs And New Concepts, J. H. Levy, A. C. Spyropoulos, C. M. Samama, J. Douketis

Journal Articles

Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are approved for multiple thromboembolic disorders and provide advantages over existing agents. As with all anticoagulants, management protocols for the eventuality of bleeding are important. Randomized phase III studies generally show that DOACs have a similar risk of clinically relevant bleeding compared with standard anticoagulants, with reductions in major bleeding in some cases. This may be particularly important in patients with atrial fibrillation, for whom the rate of intracranial hemorrhage was approximately halved with DOACs compared with warfarin. Conversely, the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding may be increased. Specific patient characteristics, such as renal impairment, comedications, and ...


Family-Focused Treatment For Adolescents And Young Adults At High Risk For Psychosis: Results Of A Randomized Trial, D. J. Miklowitz, M. P. O'Brien, D. A. Schlosser, J. Addington, K. A. Candan, B. C. Walsh, J. L. Zinberg, S. D. De Silva, M. Friedman-Yakoobian, T. D. Cannon, +2 Additional Authors Jan 2014

Family-Focused Treatment For Adolescents And Young Adults At High Risk For Psychosis: Results Of A Randomized Trial, D. J. Miklowitz, M. P. O'Brien, D. A. Schlosser, J. Addington, K. A. Candan, B. C. Walsh, J. L. Zinberg, S. D. De Silva, M. Friedman-Yakoobian, T. D. Cannon, +2 Additional Authors

Journal Articles

Objective: Longitudinal studies have begun to clarify the phenotypic characteristics of adolescents and young adults at clinical high risk for psychosis. This 8-site randomized trial examined whether a 6-month program of family psychoeducation was effective in reducing the severity of attenuated positive and negative psychotic symptoms and enhancing functioning among individuals at high risk. Method: Adolescents and young adults (mean age 17.4 +/- 4.1 years) with attenuated positive psychotic symptoms, brief and intermittent psychosis, or genetic risk with functional deterioration were randomly assigned to 18 sessions of family-focused therapy for individuals at clinical high risk (FFT-CHR) in 6 months ...


World Trade Center Disaster Exposure-Related Probable Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Responders And Civilians: A Meta-Analysis, B. Liu, L. H. Tarigan, E. J. Bromet, H. Kim Jan 2014

World Trade Center Disaster Exposure-Related Probable Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Responders And Civilians: A Meta-Analysis, B. Liu, L. H. Tarigan, E. J. Bromet, H. Kim

Journal Articles

The World Trade Center (WTC) disaster on September 11, 2001 was an unprecedented traumatic event with long-lasting health consequences among the affected populations in the New York metropolitan area. This meta-analysis aimed to estimate the risk of probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) associated with specific types of WTC exposures. Meta-analytical findings from 10 studies of 3,271 to 20,294 participants yielded 37 relevant associations. The pooled summary odds ratio (OR) was 2.05 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.82, 2.32), with substantial heterogeneity linked to exposure classification, cohort type, data source, PTSD assessment instrument/criteria, and lapse time ...


Mapping Epileptic Activity: Sources Or Networks For The Clinicians?, F. Pittau, P. Megevand, L. Sheybani, E. Abela, F. Grouiller, L. Spinelli, C. M. Michel, M. Seeck, S. Vulliemoz Jan 2014

Mapping Epileptic Activity: Sources Or Networks For The Clinicians?, F. Pittau, P. Megevand, L. Sheybani, E. Abela, F. Grouiller, L. Spinelli, C. M. Michel, M. Seeck, S. Vulliemoz

Journal Articles

Epileptic seizures of focal origin are classically considered to arise from a focal epileptogenic zone and then spread to other brain regions. This is a key concept for semiological electro-clinical correlations, localization of relevant structural lesions, and selection of patients for epilepsy surgery. Recent development in neuro-imaging and electro-physiology and combinations, thereof, have been validated as contributory tools for focus localization. In parallel, these techniques have revealed that widespread networks of brain regions, rather than a single epileptogenic region, are implicated in focal epileptic activity. Sophisticated multimodal imaging and analysis strategies of brain connectivity patterns have been developed to characterize ...


Pivotal Trial To Evaluate The Safety And Efficacy Of The Orbital Atherectomy System In Treating De Novo, Severely Calcified Coronary Lesions (Orbit Ii), J. W. Chambers, R. L. Feldman, S. I. Himmelstein, R. Bhatheja, A. E. Villa, K. C. Patel, J. A. Puma, P. Makam, B. D. Bertolet, G. Y. Nseir, +10 Additional Authors Jan 2014

Pivotal Trial To Evaluate The Safety And Efficacy Of The Orbital Atherectomy System In Treating De Novo, Severely Calcified Coronary Lesions (Orbit Ii), J. W. Chambers, R. L. Feldman, S. I. Himmelstein, R. Bhatheja, A. E. Villa, K. C. Patel, J. A. Puma, P. Makam, B. D. Bertolet, G. Y. Nseir, +10 Additional Authors

Journal Articles

Objectives The ORBIT II (Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of OAS in Treating Severely Calcified Coronary Lesions) trial evaluated the safety and efficacy of the coronary Orbital Atherectomy System (OAS) to prepare de novo, severely calcified coronary lesions for stent placement. Background Despite advances in interventional techniques, treatment of calcified coronary lesions remains a challenge. Stent placement in these lesions may result in stent underexpansion, malapposition, and procedural complications. Methods ORBIT II is a prospective, multicenter, nonblinded clinical trial that enrolled 443 consecutive patients with severely calcified coronary lesions at 49 U.S. sites from May 25, 2010, to November ...


Perceptions Of Neighborhood Safety And Asthma Among Children And Adolescents In Los Angeles: A Multilevel Analysis, M. Camacho-Rivera, I. Kawachi, G. G. Bennett, S. V. Subramanian Jan 2014

Perceptions Of Neighborhood Safety And Asthma Among Children And Adolescents In Los Angeles: A Multilevel Analysis, M. Camacho-Rivera, I. Kawachi, G. G. Bennett, S. V. Subramanian

Journal Articles

Background: Research examining the impact of neighborhoods on asthma has shown an increased interest in the role of the psychosocial environment. We examined the associations between various measures of neighborhood safety, individual and family characteristics, and asthma outcomes among children in Los Angeles. Methods: Multilevel logistic regression models were used to analyze data on 3,114 children across 65 neighborhoods from Wave 1 of the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey (2000 to 2002). Primary caregivers reported asthma outcome and all individual covariates; home environmental characteristics were observed by the interviewer. Results: In fully adjusted models, parents who reported their ...


Giant Cell Arteritis Presenting With Bilateral Orbital Inflammatory Disease And Enhancing Superficial Temporal Arteries, J. R. Mitchell, I. Krashin-Bichler, M. Rosenblum, E. L. Diamond, M. J. Dinkin Jan 2014

Giant Cell Arteritis Presenting With Bilateral Orbital Inflammatory Disease And Enhancing Superficial Temporal Arteries, J. R. Mitchell, I. Krashin-Bichler, M. Rosenblum, E. L. Diamond, M. J. Dinkin

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Pharmacologically Induced Erect Penile Length And Stretched Penile Lengh Are Both Good Predictors Of Post-Inflatable Prosthesis Penile Length, E. C. Osterberg, A. Maganty, R. Ramasamy, J. F. Eid Jan 2014

Pharmacologically Induced Erect Penile Length And Stretched Penile Lengh Are Both Good Predictors Of Post-Inflatable Prosthesis Penile Length, E. C. Osterberg, A. Maganty, R. Ramasamy, J. F. Eid

Journal Articles

Inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP) remains the gold standard for the surgical treatment of refractory erectile dysfunction; however, current literature to aid surgeons on how best to counsel patients on their postoperative inflated penile length is lacking. The aim of this study was to identify preoperative parameters that could better predict postoperative penile length following insertion of an IPP. Twenty men were enrolled in a prospective study examining penile lengths before and after IPP surgery. Patients with Peyronie's disease were excluded from this analysis. Baseline preoperative characteristics, including body mass index, history of hypertension, diabetes, Sexual Health Inventory for Men ...


Pediatric Crohn Disease Patients Exhibit Specific Ileal Transcriptome And Microbiome Signature, Y. Haberman, T. L. Tickle, P. J. Dexheimer, M. O. Kim, D. Tang, R. Karns, R. N. Baldassano, J. D. Noe, J. Markowitz, L. A. Denson, +14 Additional Authors Jan 2014

Pediatric Crohn Disease Patients Exhibit Specific Ileal Transcriptome And Microbiome Signature, Y. Haberman, T. L. Tickle, P. J. Dexheimer, M. O. Kim, D. Tang, R. Karns, R. N. Baldassano, J. D. Noe, J. Markowitz, L. A. Denson, +14 Additional Authors

Journal Articles

Interactions between the host and gut microbial community likely contribute to Crohn disease (CD) pathogenesis; however, direct evidence for these interactions at the onset of disease is lacking. Here, we characterized the global pattern of ileal gene expression and the ileal microbial community in 359 treatment-naive pediatric patients with CD, patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), and control individuals. We identified core gene expression profiles and microbial communities in the affected CD ilea that are preserved in the unaffected ilea of patients with colon-only CD but not present in those with UC or control individuals; therefore, this signature is specific to ...


Lack Of Concordance Between Empirical Scores And Physician Assessments Of Stroke And Bleeding Risk In Atrial Fibrillation Results From The Outcomes Registry For Better Informed Treatment Of Atrial Fibrillation (Orbit-Af) Registry, B. A. Steinberg, S. Kim, L. Thomas, G. C. Fonarow, E. Hylek, J. Ansell, A. S. Go, P. Chang, P. Kowey, E. D. Peterson, +4 Additional Authors Jan 2014

Lack Of Concordance Between Empirical Scores And Physician Assessments Of Stroke And Bleeding Risk In Atrial Fibrillation Results From The Outcomes Registry For Better Informed Treatment Of Atrial Fibrillation (Orbit-Af) Registry, B. A. Steinberg, S. Kim, L. Thomas, G. C. Fonarow, E. Hylek, J. Ansell, A. S. Go, P. Chang, P. Kowey, E. D. Peterson, +4 Additional Authors

Journal Articles

Background-Physicians treating patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) must weigh the benefits of anticoagulation in preventing stroke versus the risk of bleeding. Although empirical models have been developed to predict such risks, the degree to which these coincide with clinicians' estimates is unclear. Methods and Results-We examined 10 094 AF patients enrolled in the Outcomes Registry for Better Informed Treatment of AF (ORBIT-AF) registry between June 2010 and August 2011. Empirical stroke and bleeding risks were assessed by using the congestive heart failure, hypertension, age >= 75 years, diabetes mellitus, and previous stroke or transient ischemic attack (CHADS(2)) and Anticoagulation and ...


From Infancy To Adolescence: Fifteen Years Of Continuous Treatment With Hydroxyurea In Sickle Cell Anemia, J. S. Hankins, B. Aygun, K. Nottage, C. Thornburg, M. P. Smeltzer, R. E. Ware, W. C. Wang Jan 2014

From Infancy To Adolescence: Fifteen Years Of Continuous Treatment With Hydroxyurea In Sickle Cell Anemia, J. S. Hankins, B. Aygun, K. Nottage, C. Thornburg, M. P. Smeltzer, R. E. Ware, W. C. Wang

Journal Articles

Despite documented laboratory and clinical benefits of hydroxyurea for children with sickle cell anemia (SCA), the drug's long-term safety and efficacy remains poorly defined. The HUSOFT trial and extension study examined feasibility, toxicity, and hematological efficacy of hydroxyurea in infants with SCA.This report describes HUSOFT participants who have continued hydroxyurea therapy for 15 years. With IRB approval, medical records were reviewed for clinical, laboratory, and growth parameters.Twenty-eight infants enrolled in the original 2-year HUSOFT study received open-label liquid hydroxyurea at 20 mg/kg/day; 17 completed the extension study with dose escalation to 30 mg/kg/day ...


Necrotizing Rpgn With Linear Anti Igg Deposits In A Patient With History Of Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis: A Case Report, N. Parekh, E. Epstein, S. El-Sayegh Jan 2014

Necrotizing Rpgn With Linear Anti Igg Deposits In A Patient With History Of Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis: A Case Report, N. Parekh, E. Epstein, S. El-Sayegh

Journal Articles

INTRODUCTION: Diagnosing the etiology of a rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis is of vital importance to guide appropriate therapeutic management. This case highlights the complexity involved in establishing diagnosis when presentation is atypical. In certain cases diagnosis cannot be established based on clinical presentation or biopsy findings alone, and critical analysis of biopsy findings in context of clinical presentation is crucial to guide the clinical decision-making process. CASE PRESENTATION: A 47-year-old Hispanic male with history of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) in remission on azathioprine, presented with fatigue and lethargy. Physical examination was unremarkable. Laboratory data revealed elevated creatinine and otherwise normal electrolytes ...


Renin Modulates Hiv Replication In T Cells, N. Chandel, K. Ayasolla, X. Q. Lan, P. Rai, J. Mikulak, M. Husain, A. Malhotra, J. Mcgowan, P. C. Singhal Jan 2014

Renin Modulates Hiv Replication In T Cells, N. Chandel, K. Ayasolla, X. Q. Lan, P. Rai, J. Mikulak, M. Husain, A. Malhotra, J. Mcgowan, P. C. Singhal

Journal Articles

HIV is known to subvert cellular machinery to enhance its replication. Recently, HIV has been reported to enhance TC renin expression. We hypothesized that HIV induces and maintains high renin expression to promote its own replication in TCs. Renin enhanced HIV replication in TCs in a dose-dependent manner. (P)RR-deficient TCs, as well as those lacking renin, displayed attenuated NF-B activity and HIV replication. TCs treated with renin and Hpr displayed activation of the (P)RR-PLZF protein signaling cascade. Renin, HIV, and Hpr activated the PI3K pathway. Both renin and Hpr cleaved Agt (a renin substrate) to Ang I and ...


Reply: To Pmid 23929808, J. Karkhanis, E. C. Verna, M. S. Chang, R. T. Stravitz, M. L. Schilsky, W. M. Lee, R. S., Jr. Brown Jan 2014

Reply: To Pmid 23929808, J. Karkhanis, E. C. Verna, M. S. Chang, R. T. Stravitz, M. L. Schilsky, W. M. Lee, R. S., Jr. Brown

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Bisphenol A Exposure Is Associated With Decreased Lung Function, A. J. Spanier, E. K. Fiorino, L. Trasande Jan 2014

Bisphenol A Exposure Is Associated With Decreased Lung Function, A. J. Spanier, E. K. Fiorino, L. Trasande

Journal Articles

Objective To examine the associations of bisphenol A (BPA) exposure with lung function measures and exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) in children. Study design We performed a cross-sectional analysis of a subsample of US children age 6-19 years who participated in the 2007-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We assessed univariate and multivariable associations of urinary BPA concentration with the predicted pulmonary function measures for age, sex, race/ethnicity and height (forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1], forced vital capacity [FVC], forced expiratory flow 25%-75%, and FEV1 divided by FVC) and with FeNO. Results Exposure and outcome data ...


Case Report: Transient Small Bowel Intussusception Presenting As Right Lower Quadrant Pain In A 6-Year-Old Male, M. J. Nelson, T. Paterson, C. Raio Jan 2014

Case Report: Transient Small Bowel Intussusception Presenting As Right Lower Quadrant Pain In A 6-Year-Old Male, M. J. Nelson, T. Paterson, C. Raio

Journal Articles

In children presenting to the emergency room with right lower quadrant pain, ultrasound is the preferred initial modality. In our patient, a 6-year-old male with a sudden onset of severe right lower quadrant pain, the differential is broad, including appendicitis and intussusception. In order to narrow our differential and secure the diagnosis, our first modality was ultrasonography. With the increased use of point-of-care ultrasound in the emergency department, the diagnosis of appendicitis and ileo-colic intussusception has been made more frequently. In addition, other entities such as transient small bowel intussusception may be identified. As in our case, obstruction secondary to ...


Hmgb1 In Health And Disease, R. Kang, R. C. Chen, Q. H. Zhang, W. Hou, S. Wu, X. G. Fan, Z. W. Yan, X. F. Sun, H. C. Wang, D. L. Tang, +8 Additional Authors Jan 2014

Hmgb1 In Health And Disease, R. Kang, R. C. Chen, Q. H. Zhang, W. Hou, S. Wu, X. G. Fan, Z. W. Yan, X. F. Sun, H. C. Wang, D. L. Tang, +8 Additional Authors

Journal Articles

Complex genetic and physiological variations as well as environmental factors that drive emergence of chromosomal instability, development of unscheduled cell death, skewed differentiation, and altered metabolism are central to the pathogenesis of human diseases and disorders. Understanding the molecular bases for these processes is important for the development of new diagnostic biomarkers, and for identifying new therapeutic targets. In 1973, a group of non-histone nuclear proteins with high electrophoretic mobility was discovered and termed high-mobility group (HMG) proteins. The HMG proteins include three superfamilies termed HMGB, HMGN, and HMGA. High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), the most abundant and well-studied HMG ...


Second-Line Immunosuppressive Treatment Of Childhood Nephrotic Syndrome: A Single-Center Experience, J. Kim, N. Patnaik, N. Chorny, R. Frank, L. Infante, C. Sethna Jan 2014

Second-Line Immunosuppressive Treatment Of Childhood Nephrotic Syndrome: A Single-Center Experience, J. Kim, N. Patnaik, N. Chorny, R. Frank, L. Infante, C. Sethna

Journal Articles

OBJECTIVE: Most cases of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in childhood are responsive to corticosteroids. However, there is a small group of children that demonstrate steroid resistance (steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome; SRNS), steroid dependence, or that frequently relapse (frequent-relapse steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome; FR-SSNS) which are more clinically difficult to treat. Therefore, second-line immunosuppressants, such as alkylating agents, calcineurin inhibitors, antimetabolites and, more recently, rituximab, have been used with varying success. The objective was to evaluate the response rates of various second-line therapies in the treatment of childhood nephrotic syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review of pediatric subjects with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome was ...


Utility Of Neutrophil Fcgamma Receptor I (Cd64) Index As A Biomarker For Mucosal Inflammation In Pediatric Crohn's Disease, P. Minar, Y. Haberman, I. Jurickova, T. Wen, M. E. Rothenberg, M. O. Kim, S. A. Saeed, R. N. Baldassano, J. Markowitz, L. A. Denson, +9 Additional Authors Jan 2014

Utility Of Neutrophil Fcgamma Receptor I (Cd64) Index As A Biomarker For Mucosal Inflammation In Pediatric Crohn's Disease, P. Minar, Y. Haberman, I. Jurickova, T. Wen, M. E. Rothenberg, M. O. Kim, S. A. Saeed, R. N. Baldassano, J. Markowitz, L. A. Denson, +9 Additional Authors

Journal Articles

BACKGROUND: Neutrophil expression of the Fcgamma receptor I (CD64) is upregulated in adult patients with clinically active inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We tested the relationship of CD64 with mucosal inflammation and clinical relapse in pediatric Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS: In a cohort of 208 newly diagnosed CD and 43 non-IBD controls, ileal expression of FcgammaRI/S100A9 was determined by RNA sequencing from biopsies obtained at ileocolonoscopy. In a second cohort, we tested for the peripheral blood polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) CD64 index from 26 newly diagnosed CD, 30 non-IBD controls, and 83 children with established CD. RESULTS: Ileal FcgammaRIA mRNA ...


The Treatment-Naive Microbiome In New-Onset Crohn's Disease, D. Gevers, S. Kugathasan, L. A. Denson, Y. Vazquez-Baeza, W. Van Treuren, B. Y. Ren, E. Schwager, D. Knights, J. Markowitz, R. J. Xavier, +22 Additional Authors Jan 2014

The Treatment-Naive Microbiome In New-Onset Crohn's Disease, D. Gevers, S. Kugathasan, L. A. Denson, Y. Vazquez-Baeza, W. Van Treuren, B. Y. Ren, E. Schwager, D. Knights, J. Markowitz, R. J. Xavier, +22 Additional Authors

Journal Articles

Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs), including Crohn's disease (CD), are genetically linked to host pathways that implicate an underlying role for aberrant immune responses to intestinal microbiota. However, patterns of gut microbiome dysbiosis in IBD patients are inconsistent among published studies. Using samples from multiple gastrointestinal locations collected prior to treatment in new-onset cases, we studied the microbiome in the largest pediatric CD cohort to date. An axis defined by an increased abundance in bacteria which include Enterobacteriaceae, Pasteurellacaea, Veillonellaceae, and Fusobacteriaceae, and decreased abundance in Erysipelotrichales, Bacteroidales, and Clostridiales, correlates strongly with disease status. Microbiome comparison between CD patients ...


Brief Motivational Enhancement Intervention To Prevent Or Reduce Postpartum Alcohol Use: A Single-Blinded, Randomized Controlled Effectiveness Trial, D. M. Rubio, N. L. Day, J. Conigliaro, B. H. Hanusa, C. Larkby, M. Mcneil, E. Cohen, B. Jones, M. Watt-Morse, K. L. Kraemer, +2 Additional Authors Jan 2014

Brief Motivational Enhancement Intervention To Prevent Or Reduce Postpartum Alcohol Use: A Single-Blinded, Randomized Controlled Effectiveness Trial, D. M. Rubio, N. L. Day, J. Conigliaro, B. H. Hanusa, C. Larkby, M. Mcneil, E. Cohen, B. Jones, M. Watt-Morse, K. L. Kraemer, +2 Additional Authors

Journal Articles

AIMS: The aim of this study is to assess the effect of brief motivational enhancement intervention postpartum alcohol use. DESIGN: This study is a single-blinded, randomized controlled effectiveness trial in which pregnant women were assigned to receive usual care or up to 5 face-to-face brief motivational enhancement sessions lasting 10-30 minutes each and occurring at study enrollment, 4 and 8 weeks after enrollment, 32 weeks of gestation, and 6 weeks postpartum. SETTING: The setting is in a large, urban, obstetrics clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were women who were >/= 18 years old,gestation, and consumed alcohol during pregnancy. Of 3438 women screened ...


Factors Associated With Inconsistent Condom Use In Adolescents With Negative Or Unknown Hiv Status In Northwest Cameroon, L. Morris, F. Kouya, R. Kwalar, M. Pilapil, K. Saito, N. Palmer, R. Posada, P. M. Tih, T. Welty, J. Jao Jan 2014

Factors Associated With Inconsistent Condom Use In Adolescents With Negative Or Unknown Hiv Status In Northwest Cameroon, L. Morris, F. Kouya, R. Kwalar, M. Pilapil, K. Saito, N. Palmer, R. Posada, P. M. Tih, T. Welty, J. Jao

Journal Articles

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the association between utilization of HIV testing and condom use amongst Cameroonian youths/adolescents who are not known to be HIV-infected. Worldwide, HIV is spreading most quickly amongst youths/adolescents. Between 44% and 82% of sexually active youths in Cameroon report inconsistent condom use. Data regarding utilization of HIV testing and condom use are lacking. A cross-sectional survey was administered to 431 youths ages 12-26 years in Cameroon from September 2011 to December 2011. Data on sociodemographics, sexual risk behaviors, self-reported HIV status, and condom use were collected. We compared rates of ...


Examining Clinical Decision Support Integrity: Is Clinician Self-Reported Data Entry Accurate?, A. Gupta, A. S. Raja, R. Khorasani Jan 2014

Examining Clinical Decision Support Integrity: Is Clinician Self-Reported Data Entry Accurate?, A. Gupta, A. S. Raja, R. Khorasani

Journal Articles

The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of clinician-entered data in imaging clinical decision support (CDS). We used CDS-guided CT angiography (CTA) for pulmonary embolus (PE) in the emergency department as a case example because it required clinician entry of d-dimer results which could be unambiguously compared with actual laboratory values. Of 1296 patients with CTA orders for suspected PE during 2011, 1175 (90.7%) had accurate d-dimer values entered. In 55 orders (4.2%), incorrectly entered data shielded clinicians from intrusive computer alerts, resulting in potential CTA overuse. Remaining data entry errors did not affect user ...


Associations Between Human Papillomavirus And History Of Cancer Among Us Adults In The National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey (2003-2010), B. Liu, E. Taioli Jan 2014

Associations Between Human Papillomavirus And History Of Cancer Among Us Adults In The National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey (2003-2010), B. Liu, E. Taioli

Journal Articles

Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is an infectious agent that has been associated with human cancer. We have updated the U.S. population sero-prevalence using a large National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) sample of adults from 2003 to 2010, and have analysed the associations between HPV seropositivity and self-reported history of cancer. Methods: Four cross-sectional cycles (2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2008, and 2009-2010) were used, for a total of 12 759 participants who had both cancer history and HPV serum information. Results: The sero-prevalences of HPV types 6, 11, 16, and 18 were 15.0%, 4.8%, 11.5%, and 4 ...


In Reference To "The Value Of Resident Presentations At Scientific Meetings", J. A. Eloy, P. F. Svider, A. J. Folbe, M. Setzen, S. Baredes Jan 2014

In Reference To "The Value Of Resident Presentations At Scientific Meetings", J. A. Eloy, P. F. Svider, A. J. Folbe, M. Setzen, S. Baredes

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.