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Clinical Epidemiology

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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Increased Incidence Of Thyroid Cancer Among World Trade Center First Responders: A Descriptive Epidemiological Assessment, S. Tuminello, M. A. Van Gerwen, E. Genden, M. Crane, W. Lieberman-Cribbin, E. Taioli Jan 2019

Increased Incidence Of Thyroid Cancer Among World Trade Center First Responders: A Descriptive Epidemiological Assessment, S. Tuminello, M. A. Van Gerwen, E. Genden, M. Crane, W. Lieberman-Cribbin, E. Taioli

Journal Articles

© 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. An increased incidence of thyroid cancer among 9/11 rescue workers has been reported, the etiology of which remains unclear but which may, at least partly, be the result of the increased medical surveillance this group undergoes. This study aimed to investigate thyroid cancer in World Trade Center (WTC) responders by looking at the demographic data and questionnaire responses of thyroid cancer cases from the Mount Sinai WTC Health Program (WTCHP). WTCHP thyroid cancer tumors were of a similar size (p = 0.4), and were diagnosed at a similar age (p = 0 ...


Dietary Inflammatory Index (Dii) And Risk Of Prostate Cancer In A Case–Control Study Among Black And White Us Veteran Men, A. C. Vidal, T. Oyekunle, L. E. Howard, N. Shivappa, A. De Hoedt, J. C. Figueiredo, E. Taioli, J. H. Fowke, P. H. Lin, S. J. Freedland, +1 Additional Author Jan 2019

Dietary Inflammatory Index (Dii) And Risk Of Prostate Cancer In A Case–Control Study Among Black And White Us Veteran Men, A. C. Vidal, T. Oyekunle, L. E. Howard, N. Shivappa, A. De Hoedt, J. C. Figueiredo, E. Taioli, J. H. Fowke, P. H. Lin, S. J. Freedland, +1 Additional Author

Journal Articles

© 2019, Springer Nature America, Inc. Background: We hypothesized a pro-inflammatory diet would be associated with higher prostate cancer (PC) risk. Methods: We prospectively recruited incident PC cases (n = 254) and controls (n = 328) at the Durham Veteran Affairs, from 2007 to 2018. From a self-completed 61-item Food Frequency Questionnaire, we calculated dietary inflammatory index (DII ® ) scores with and without supplements. We examined the association between DII scores with and without supplements and overall PC risk using logistic regression and risk of low-grade PC (grade group 1) and high-grade PC (grade group 2–5) with multinomial logistic regression. Results: Cases were ...


Transfer Of Extracellular Vesicle-Associated-Rnas Induces Drug Resistance In Alk-Translocated Lung Adenocarcinoma, H. H. Kwok, Z. Ning, P. W. Chong, T. S. Wan, M. H. Ng, G. Y. Ho, M. S. Ip, D. C. Lam Jan 2019

Transfer Of Extracellular Vesicle-Associated-Rnas Induces Drug Resistance In Alk-Translocated Lung Adenocarcinoma, H. H. Kwok, Z. Ning, P. W. Chong, T. S. Wan, M. H. Ng, G. Y. Ho, M. S. Ip, D. C. Lam

Journal Articles

© 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) translocation is an actionable mutation in lung adenocarcinoma. Nonetheless tumour consists of heterogeneous cell subpopulations with diverse phenotypes and genotypes, and cancer cells can actively release extracellular vesicles (EVs) to modulate the phenotype of other cells in the tumour microenvironment. We hypothesized that EVs derived from a drug-resistant subpopulation of cells could induce drug resistance in recipient cells. We have established ALK-translocated lung adenocarcinoma cell lines and subclones. The subclones have been characterized and the expression of EV-RNAs determined by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The effects of EV ...


The Evidence Of Human Exposure To Glyphosate: A Review, C. Gillezeau, M. Van Gerwen, R. M. Shaffer, I. Rana, L. Zhang, L. Sheppard, E. Taioli Jan 2019

The Evidence Of Human Exposure To Glyphosate: A Review, C. Gillezeau, M. Van Gerwen, R. M. Shaffer, I. Rana, L. Zhang, L. Sheppard, E. Taioli

Journal Articles

© 2019 The Author(s). Background: Despite the growing and widespread use of glyphosate, a broad-spectrum herbicide and desiccant, very few studies have evaluated the extent and amount of human exposure. Objective: We review documented levels of human exposure among workers in occupational settings and the general population. Methods: We conducted a review of scientific publications on glyphosate levels in humans; 19 studies were identified, of which five investigated occupational exposure to glyphosate, 11 documented the exposure in general populations, and three reported on both. Results: Eight studies reported urinary levels in 423 occupationally and para-occupationally exposed subjects; 14 studies reported ...


Change In Quality Of Life After A Cancer Diagnosis Among A Nationally Representative Cohort Of Older Adults In The Us, R. M. Schwartz, K. A. Ornstein, B. Liu, N. Alpert, K. G. Bevilacqua, E. Taioli Jan 2019

Change In Quality Of Life After A Cancer Diagnosis Among A Nationally Representative Cohort Of Older Adults In The Us, R. M. Schwartz, K. A. Ornstein, B. Liu, N. Alpert, K. G. Bevilacqua, E. Taioli

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Outcomes Of Pulmonary Resection In Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients Older Than 70 Years Old, A. Tantraworasin, S. Siwachat, N. Tanatip, N. Lertprasertsuke, S. Kongkarnka, J. Euathrongchit, Y. Wannasopha, T. Suksombooncharoen, E. Taioli, S. Saeteng, +1 Additional Author Jan 2019

Outcomes Of Pulmonary Resection In Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients Older Than 70 Years Old, A. Tantraworasin, S. Siwachat, N. Tanatip, N. Lertprasertsuke, S. Kongkarnka, J. Euathrongchit, Y. Wannasopha, T. Suksombooncharoen, E. Taioli, S. Saeteng, +1 Additional Author

Journal Articles

© 2019 Background: An appropriate treatment of older lung cancer patients has become an important issue. The aim of this study is to evaluate the short and long-term surgical outcomes in lung cancer patients using 70 years as a cut-point, and to identify prognostic factors of cancer-specific mortality in patients older than 70 years. Methods: Medical records of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who underwent pulmonary resection at Chiang Mai University Hospital from January 2002 through December 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into age less than 70 years (control group) and 70 years or more (study group). Primary ...


Molecular Study Of Thyroid Cancer In World Trade Center Responders, M. A. Van Gerwen, S. Tuminello, G. J. Riggins, T. B. Mendes, M. Donovan, E. K. Benn, E. Genden, J. M. Cerutti, E. Taioli Jan 2019

Molecular Study Of Thyroid Cancer In World Trade Center Responders, M. A. Van Gerwen, S. Tuminello, G. J. Riggins, T. B. Mendes, M. Donovan, E. K. Benn, E. Genden, J. M. Cerutti, E. Taioli

Journal Articles

© 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Thyroid cancer incidence is higher in World Trade Center (WTC) responders compared with the general population. It is unclear whether this excess in thyroid cancer is associated with WTC-related exposures or if instead there is an over-diagnosis of malignant thyroid cancer among WTC first responders due to enhanced surveillance and physician bias. To maximize diagnostic yield and determine the false positive rate for malignancy, the histological diagnoses of thyroid cancer tumors from WTC responders and age, gender, and histology matched non-WTC thyroid cancer cases were evaluated using biomarkers of malignancy. Using a ...


A Quality Improvement Assessment Of The Delivery Of Mental Health Services Among Wtc Responders Treated In The Community, M. Bellehsen, J. Moline, R. Rasul, K. Bevilacqua, S. Schneider, J. Kornrich, R. M. Schwartz Jan 2019

A Quality Improvement Assessment Of The Delivery Of Mental Health Services Among Wtc Responders Treated In The Community, M. Bellehsen, J. Moline, R. Rasul, K. Bevilacqua, S. Schneider, J. Kornrich, R. M. Schwartz

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Changes In Quality Of Life After Surgery Or Radiotherapy In Early-Stage Lung Cancer, R. M. Schwartz, N. Alpert, K. Rosenzweig, R. Flores, E. Taioli Jan 2019

Changes In Quality Of Life After Surgery Or Radiotherapy In Early-Stage Lung Cancer, R. M. Schwartz, N. Alpert, K. Rosenzweig, R. Flores, E. Taioli

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Nfatc3 And Vip In Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis And Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, A. M. Szema, E. Forsyth, B. Ying, S. A. Hamidi, J. J. Chen, S. Hwang, J. C. Li, D. S. Dwyer, J. M. Ramiro-Diaz, L. V. Gonzalez Bosc, +1 Additional Author Jan 2017

Nfatc3 And Vip In Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis And Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, A. M. Szema, E. Forsyth, B. Ying, S. A. Hamidi, J. J. Chen, S. Hwang, J. C. Li, D. S. Dwyer, J. M. Ramiro-Diaz, L. V. Gonzalez Bosc, +1 Additional Author

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Mesothelioma Patients With Germline Bap1 Mutations Have 7-Fold Improved Long-Term Survival, F. Baumann, E. Flores, A. Napolitano, S. Kanodia, E. Taioli, H. Pass, H. Yang, M. Carbone Jan 2015

Mesothelioma Patients With Germline Bap1 Mutations Have 7-Fold Improved Long-Term Survival, F. Baumann, E. Flores, A. Napolitano, S. Kanodia, E. Taioli, H. Pass, H. Yang, M. Carbone

Journal Articles

BRCA1-associated protein-1 (BAP1) mutations cause a new cancer syndrome, with a high rate of malignant mesothelioma (MM). Here, we tested the hypothesis that MM associated with germline BAP1 mutations has a better prognosis compared with sporadic MM. We compared survival among germline BAP1 mutation MM patients with that of all MM (N = 10 556) recorded in the United States Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) data from 1973 to 2010. We identified 23 MM patients-11 alive-with germline BAP1 mutations and available data on survival. Ten patients had peritoneal MM, ten pleural MM and three MM in both locations. Thirteen patients ...


Oral Bisphosphonate Use And Risk Of Postmenopausal Endometrial Cancer, P. A. Newcomb, M. N. Passarelli, A. I. Phipps, G. L. Anderson, J. Wactawski-Wende, G. Y. Ho, M. J. O'Sullivan, R. T. Chlebowski Jan 2015

Oral Bisphosphonate Use And Risk Of Postmenopausal Endometrial Cancer, P. A. Newcomb, M. N. Passarelli, A. I. Phipps, G. L. Anderson, J. Wactawski-Wende, G. Y. Ho, M. J. O'Sullivan, R. T. Chlebowski

Journal Articles

PURPOSE: Bisphosphonates are common medications used for the treatment of osteoporosis and are also used to reduce metastases to bone in patients with cancer. Several studies, including the Women's Health Initiative (WHI), have found that use of bisphosphonates is associated with reduced risk of developing breast cancer, but less is known about associations with other common malignancies. This study was aimed at examining the effects of bisphosphonates on the risk of endometrial cancer. METHODS: We evaluated the relationship between use of oral bisphosphonates and endometrial cancer risk in a cohort of 89,918 postmenopausal women participating in the WHI ...


Tlr7 Influences Germinal Center Selection In Murine Sle, A. Boneparth, W. Huang, R. Bethunaickan, M. Woods, R. Sahu, S. Arora, M. Akerman, M. Lesser, A. Davidson Jan 2015

Tlr7 Influences Germinal Center Selection In Murine Sle, A. Boneparth, W. Huang, R. Bethunaickan, M. Woods, R. Sahu, S. Arora, M. Akerman, M. Lesser, A. Davidson

Journal Articles

TLR7 enhances germinal center maturation and migration of B cells to the dark zone where proliferation and somatic hypermutation occur. Our goal was to determine how Tlr7 dose influences selection of the autoreactive B cell repertoire in NZW/BXSB. Yaa mice bearing the site-directed heavy chain transgene 3H9 that encodes for the TLR7 regulated anti-CL response. To create a physiologic setting in which autoreactive B cells compete for survival with non-autoreactive B cells, we generated bone marrow chimeras in which disease onset occurred with similar kinetics and the transferred 3H9+ female non-Yaa, male Yaa or male TLR7(-/Yaa) cells could ...


Circulating Adipokines And Inflammatory Markers And Postmenopausal Breast Cancer Risk, M. J. Gunter, T. Wang, M. Cushman, X. Xue, S. Wassertheil-Smoller, H. D. Strickler, T. E. Rohan, J. E. Manson, A. Mctiernan, G. Y. Ho, +5 Additional Authors Jan 2015

Circulating Adipokines And Inflammatory Markers And Postmenopausal Breast Cancer Risk, M. J. Gunter, T. Wang, M. Cushman, X. Xue, S. Wassertheil-Smoller, H. D. Strickler, T. E. Rohan, J. E. Manson, A. Mctiernan, G. Y. Ho, +5 Additional Authors

Journal Articles

BACKGROUND: Adipokines and inflammation may provide a mechanistic link between obesity and postmenopausal breast cancer, yet epidemiologic data on their associations with breast cancer risk are limited. METHODS: In a case-cohort analysis nested within the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study, a prospective cohort of postmenopausal women, baseline plasma samples from 875 incident breast cancer case patients and 839 subcohort participants were tested for levels of seven adipokines, namely leptin, adiponectin, resistin, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, hepatocyte growth factor, and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, and for C-reactive protein (CRP), an inflammatory marker. Data were analyzed by multivariable Cox modeling that included ...


Heart Failure: An Exploration Of Recent Advances In Research And Treatment (A), A. Szema, A. Mclarty, H. Skopicki, M. Bloom, R. Jermyn Jan 2015

Heart Failure: An Exploration Of Recent Advances In Research And Treatment (A), A. Szema, A. Mclarty, H. Skopicki, M. Bloom, R. Jermyn

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Seasonal Variations Of Complete Blood Count And Inflammatory Biomarkers In The Us Population - Analysis Of Nhanes Data, B. Liu, E. Taioli Jan 2015

Seasonal Variations Of Complete Blood Count And Inflammatory Biomarkers In The Us Population - Analysis Of Nhanes Data, B. Liu, E. Taioli

Journal Articles

BACKGROUND: Recent studies reported seasonal differences in gene expression in white blood cells, adipose tissue, and inflammatory biomarkers of the immune system. There is no data on the seasonal variations of these biomarkers in the US general population of both children and adults. Then aim of this study is to explore the seasonal trends in complete blood count (CBC), and C-reactive protein (CRP) in a large non-institutionalized US population. METHODS: Seven cross-sectional data collected in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) during 1999-2012 were aggregated; participants reporting recent use of prescribed steroids, chemotherapy, immunomodulators and antibiotics were excluded ...


Frequency Of Surgery In Black Patients With Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma, E. Taioli, A. S. Wolf, J. Moline, M. Camacho-Rivera, R. M. Flores Jan 2015

Frequency Of Surgery In Black Patients With Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma, E. Taioli, A. S. Wolf, J. Moline, M. Camacho-Rivera, R. M. Flores

Journal Articles

Introduction. Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare disease, even less frequently described in minority patients. We used a large population-based dataset to study the role of race in MPM presentation, treatment, and survival. Methods. All cases of pathologically proven MPM were identified in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Age, sex, diagnosis year, stage, cancer-directed surgery, radiation, and vital status were analyzed according to self-reported race (black or white). Results. There were 13,046 white and 688 black MPM patients (incidence: 1.1 per 100,000 whites; 0.5 per 100,000 blacks; age-adjusted,P = 0.01 ...


Breast Cancer Risk In Metabolically Healthy But Overweight Postmenopausal Women, M. J. Gunter, X. Xie, X. Xue, G. C. Kabat, T. E. Rohan, S. Wassertheil-Smoller, G. Y. Ho, J. Wylie-Rosett, J. Beasley, H. D. Strickler, +2 Additional Authors Jan 2015

Breast Cancer Risk In Metabolically Healthy But Overweight Postmenopausal Women, M. J. Gunter, X. Xie, X. Xue, G. C. Kabat, T. E. Rohan, S. Wassertheil-Smoller, G. Y. Ho, J. Wylie-Rosett, J. Beasley, H. D. Strickler, +2 Additional Authors

Journal Articles

Adiposity is an established risk factor for postmenopausal breast cancer. Recent data suggest that high insulin levels in overweight women may play a major role in this relationship, due to insulin's mitogenic/antiapoptotic activity. However, whether overweight women who are metabolically healthy (i.e., normal insulin sensitivity) have elevated risk of breast cancer is unknown. We investigated whether overweight women with normal insulin sensitivity [i.e., homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index, or fasting insulin level, within the lowest quartile (q1)] have increased breast cancer risk. Subjects were incident breast cancer cases (N = 497) and a subcohort ...


Determinants Of Survival In Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma: A Surveillance, Epidemiology, And End Results (Seer) Study Of 14,228 Patients, E. Taioli, A. S. Wolf, M. Camacho-Rivera, A. Kaufman, D. S. Lee, D. Nicastri, K. Rosenzweig, R. M. Flores Jan 2015

Determinants Of Survival In Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma: A Surveillance, Epidemiology, And End Results (Seer) Study Of 14,228 Patients, E. Taioli, A. S. Wolf, M. Camacho-Rivera, A. Kaufman, D. S. Lee, D. Nicastri, K. Rosenzweig, R. M. Flores

Journal Articles

INTRODUCTION: Left untreated, malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is associated with uniformly poor prognosis. Better survival has been reported with surgery-based multimodality therapy, but to date, no trial has demonstrated survival benefit of surgery over other therapies. We evaluated whether cancer-directed surgery influenced survival independently from other predictors in a large population-based dataset. METHODS: The SEER database was explored from 1973 to 2009 to identify all cases of pathologically-proven MPM. Age, sex, race, year of diagnosis, histology stage, cancer-directed surgery, radiation, and vital status were analyzed. The association between prognostic factors and survival was estimated using Cox regression and propensity matched ...


The Glass Is Half Full: Evidence For Efficacy Of Alcohol-Wise At One University But Not The Other, K. Croom, L. Staiano-Coico, M. Lesser, D. K. Lewis, V. F. Reyna, T. C. Marchell, J. Frank, S. Ives Jan 2015

The Glass Is Half Full: Evidence For Efficacy Of Alcohol-Wise At One University But Not The Other, K. Croom, L. Staiano-Coico, M. Lesser, D. K. Lewis, V. F. Reyna, T. C. Marchell, J. Frank, S. Ives

Journal Articles

This research extends the growing literature about online alcohol prevention programs for first-year college students. Two independent randomized control studies, conducted at separate universities, evaluated the short-term effectiveness of Alcohol-Wise, an online alcohol prevention program not previously studied. It was hypothesized the prevention program would increase alcohol knowledge and reduce alcohol consumption, including high-risk alcohol-related behaviors, among first-year college students. At both universities, the intervention significantly increased alcohol-related knowledge. At one university, the prevention program also significantly reduced alcohol consumption and high-risk drinking behaviors, such as playing drinking games, heavy drinking, and extreme ritualistic alcohol consumption. Implications for the use ...


Emerging Novel Therapies For Heart Failure, A. M. Szema, S. Dang, J. C. Li Jan 2015

Emerging Novel Therapies For Heart Failure, A. M. Szema, S. Dang, J. C. Li

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Metformin And Myocardial Injury In Patients With Diabetes And St-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction: A Propensity Score Matched Analysis, S. Basnet, A. Kozikowski, A. N. Makaryus, R. Pekmezaris, R. Zeltser, M. Akerman, M. Lesser, G. Wolf-Klein Jan 2015

Metformin And Myocardial Injury In Patients With Diabetes And St-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction: A Propensity Score Matched Analysis, S. Basnet, A. Kozikowski, A. N. Makaryus, R. Pekmezaris, R. Zeltser, M. Akerman, M. Lesser, G. Wolf-Klein

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Effectiveness Of Fecal-Derived Microbiota Transfer Using Orally Administered Capsules For Recurrent Clostridium Difficile Infection, B. E. Hirsch, N. Saraiya, K. Poeth, R. M. Schwartz, M. E. Epstein, G. Honig Jan 2015

Effectiveness Of Fecal-Derived Microbiota Transfer Using Orally Administered Capsules For Recurrent Clostridium Difficile Infection, B. E. Hirsch, N. Saraiya, K. Poeth, R. M. Schwartz, M. E. Epstein, G. Honig

Journal Articles

BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), a complication of antibiotic-induced injury to the gut microbiome, is a prevalent and dangerous cause of infectious diarrhea. Antimicrobial therapy for CDI is typically effective for acute symptoms, but up to one third of patients later experience recurrent CDI. Fecal-derived microbiota transplantation (FMT) can ameliorate the underlying dysbiosis and is highly effective for recurrent CDI. Traditional methods of FMT are limited by patient discomfort, risk and inefficient procedures. Many individuals with recurrent CDI have extensive comorbidities and advanced age. Widespread use of FMT requires strategies that are non-invasive, scalable and applicable across healthcare settings. METHODS ...


Differential Expression Of Circulating Micrornas According To Severity Of Colorectal Neoplasia, G. Y. Ho, H. J. Jung, R. E. Schoen, T. Wang, J. Lin, Z. Williams, J. L. Weissfeld, J. Y. Park, O. Loudig, Y. Suh Jan 2015

Differential Expression Of Circulating Micrornas According To Severity Of Colorectal Neoplasia, G. Y. Ho, H. J. Jung, R. E. Schoen, T. Wang, J. Lin, Z. Williams, J. L. Weissfeld, J. Y. Park, O. Loudig, Y. Suh

Journal Articles

There is a need to develop a colorectal cancer (CRC) screening test that is noninvasive, cost effective, and sensitive enough to detect preneoplastic lesions. This case-control study examined the feasibility of using circulating extracellular microRNAs (miRNAs) to differentiate a spectrum of colorectal neoplasia of various severity and hence for early detection of colorectal neoplasia. Archived serum samples of 10 normal controls and 31 cases, including 10 with nonadvanced adenoma, 10 with advanced adenoma, and 11 with CRC, were profiled for circulating miRNAs using next-generation sequencing. Multiple linear regression, adjusting for age, gender, and smoking status, compared controls and the 3 ...


World Trade Center Disaster Exposure-Related Probable Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Responders And Civilians: A Meta-Analysis, B. Liu, L. H. Tarigan, E. J. Bromet, H. Kim Jan 2014

World Trade Center Disaster Exposure-Related Probable Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Responders And Civilians: A Meta-Analysis, B. Liu, L. H. Tarigan, E. J. Bromet, H. Kim

Journal Articles

The World Trade Center (WTC) disaster on September 11, 2001 was an unprecedented traumatic event with long-lasting health consequences among the affected populations in the New York metropolitan area. This meta-analysis aimed to estimate the risk of probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) associated with specific types of WTC exposures. Meta-analytical findings from 10 studies of 3,271 to 20,294 participants yielded 37 relevant associations. The pooled summary odds ratio (OR) was 2.05 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.82, 2.32), with substantial heterogeneity linked to exposure classification, cohort type, data source, PTSD assessment instrument/criteria, and lapse time ...


Perceptions Of Neighborhood Safety And Asthma Among Children And Adolescents In Los Angeles: A Multilevel Analysis, M. Camacho-Rivera, I. Kawachi, G. G. Bennett, S. V. Subramanian Jan 2014

Perceptions Of Neighborhood Safety And Asthma Among Children And Adolescents In Los Angeles: A Multilevel Analysis, M. Camacho-Rivera, I. Kawachi, G. G. Bennett, S. V. Subramanian

Journal Articles

Background: Research examining the impact of neighborhoods on asthma has shown an increased interest in the role of the psychosocial environment. We examined the associations between various measures of neighborhood safety, individual and family characteristics, and asthma outcomes among children in Los Angeles. Methods: Multilevel logistic regression models were used to analyze data on 3,114 children across 65 neighborhoods from Wave 1 of the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey (2000 to 2002). Primary caregivers reported asthma outcome and all individual covariates; home environmental characteristics were observed by the interviewer. Results: In fully adjusted models, parents who reported their ...


Associations Between Human Papillomavirus And History Of Cancer Among Us Adults In The National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey (2003-2010), B. Liu, E. Taioli Jan 2014

Associations Between Human Papillomavirus And History Of Cancer Among Us Adults In The National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey (2003-2010), B. Liu, E. Taioli

Journal Articles

Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is an infectious agent that has been associated with human cancer. We have updated the U.S. population sero-prevalence using a large National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) sample of adults from 2003 to 2010, and have analysed the associations between HPV seropositivity and self-reported history of cancer. Methods: Four cross-sectional cycles (2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2008, and 2009-2010) were used, for a total of 12 759 participants who had both cancer history and HPV serum information. Results: The sero-prevalences of HPV types 6, 11, 16, and 18 were 15.0%, 4.8%, 11.5%, and 4 ...


Do Hiv-Positive Women Receive Depression Treatment That Meets Best Practice Guidelines?, J. A. Cook, J. K. Burke-Miller, D. D. Grey, J. Cocohoba, C. L. Liu, R. M. Schwartz, E. T. Golub, K. Anastos, P. J. Steigman, M. H. Cohen Jan 2014

Do Hiv-Positive Women Receive Depression Treatment That Meets Best Practice Guidelines?, J. A. Cook, J. K. Burke-Miller, D. D. Grey, J. Cocohoba, C. L. Liu, R. M. Schwartz, E. T. Golub, K. Anastos, P. J. Steigman, M. H. Cohen

Journal Articles

This study addressed whether psychopharmacologic and psychotherapeutic treatment of depressed HIV+ women met standards defined in the best practice literature, and tested hypothesized predictors of standard-concordant care. 1,352 HIV-positive women in the multi-center Women's Interagency HIV Study were queried about depressive symptoms and mental health service utilization using standards published by the American Psychiatric Association and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality to define adequate depression treatment. We identified those who: (1) reported clinically significant depressive symptoms (CSDS) using Centers for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale scores of a parts per thousand yen16; or (2) had lifetime diagnoses of ...


Incidence Of Extended-Spectrum-Beta-Lactamase-Producing Escherichia Coli And Klebsiella Pneumoniae Isolates That Test Susceptible To Cephalosporins And Aztreonam By The Revised Clsi Breakpoints, C. S. Mcwilliams, S. Condon, R. M. Schwartz, C. C. Ginocchio Jan 2014

Incidence Of Extended-Spectrum-Beta-Lactamase-Producing Escherichia Coli And Klebsiella Pneumoniae Isolates That Test Susceptible To Cephalosporins And Aztreonam By The Revised Clsi Breakpoints, C. S. Mcwilliams, S. Condon, R. M. Schwartz, C. C. Ginocchio

Journal Articles

The incidence of aztreonam and cephalosporin susceptibility, determined using the revised CLSI breakpoints, for extendedspectrum-beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates was evaluated. Our analysis showed that results for aztreonam and/or> 1 cephalosporin were reported as susceptible or intermediate for 89.2% of ESBLproducing E coli isolates (569/638 isolates) and 67.7% of ESBL-producing K. pneumoniae isolates (155/229 isolates).


Comparative Definitions For Moderate-Severe Ischemia In Stress Nuclear, Echocardiography, And Magnetic Resonance Imaging, L. J. Shaw, D. S. Berman, M. H. Picard, G. W. Stone, R. Senior, J. K. Min, R. Hachamovitch, M. Scherrer-Crosbie, J. H. Mieres, P. S. Douglas, +19 Additional Authors Jan 2014

Comparative Definitions For Moderate-Severe Ischemia In Stress Nuclear, Echocardiography, And Magnetic Resonance Imaging, L. J. Shaw, D. S. Berman, M. H. Picard, G. W. Stone, R. Senior, J. K. Min, R. Hachamovitch, M. Scherrer-Crosbie, J. H. Mieres, P. S. Douglas, +19 Additional Authors

Journal Articles

The lack of standardized reporting of the magnitude of ischemia on noninvasive imaging contributes to variability in translating the severity of ischemia across stress imaging modalities. We identified the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) death or myocardial infarction (MI) associated with >= 10% ischemic myocardium on stress nuclear imaging as the risk threshold for stress echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance. A narrative review revealed that >= 10% ischemic myocardium on stress nuclear imaging was associated with a median rate of CAD death or MI of 4.9%/year (interquartile range: 3.75% to 5.3%). For stress echocardiography, >= 3 newly dysfunctional ...