Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 4 of 4

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Dna Damage-Induced Apoptosis In The Presence And Absence Of The Tumor Suppressor P53: A Dissertation, Laura Michelle Mcnamee Oct 2008

Dna Damage-Induced Apoptosis In The Presence And Absence Of The Tumor Suppressor P53: A Dissertation, Laura Michelle Mcnamee

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

A key regulator of DNA damage-induced apoptosis is the tumor suppressor gene, p53. p53 is a transcription factor that upregulates genes involved in cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, and senescence. How p53 decides to activate one of these responses in response to DNA damage is largely unanswered. Many have hypothesized it is due to interaction with various signaling pathways and post-translational modification. The p53 tumor suppressor can be modified by SUMO-1 in mammalian cells, but the functional consequences of this modification are unclear. Conjugation to SUMO is a reversible post-translational modification that regulates several transcription factors involved in cell proliferation, differentiation ...


Role Of Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Response Signaling In T Cells: A Dissertation, Steven C. Pino Jul 2008

Role Of Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Response Signaling In T Cells: A Dissertation, Steven C. Pino

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

T cells play a central role in cellular-mediated immunity and must become activated to participate as effector cells in the immune response. The activation process is highly intricate and involves stimulation of a number of downstream signaling pathways enabling T cells to proliferate and produce cytokines that are vital for proper effector function. This increase in protein production and protein folding activity adds to the normal physiological strain on cellular machinery. One cellular compartment that has generated a mechanism to mitigate the stress induced by increased protein production is the endoplasmic reticulum (ER).

In general, an increase in cellular production ...


Functional Analysis Of Ing1 And Ing4 In Cell Growth And Tumorigenesis: A Dissertation, Andrew H. Coles May 2008

Functional Analysis Of Ing1 And Ing4 In Cell Growth And Tumorigenesis: A Dissertation, Andrew H. Coles

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

The five member Inhibitor of Growth (ING) gene family has been proposed to participate in the regulation of cell growth, DNA repair, inflammation, chromatin remodeling, and tumor suppression. All ING proteins contain a PHD motif implicated in binding to methylated histones and are components of large chromatin remodeling complexes containing histone acetyltransferase (HAT) and histone deacetylase (HDAC) enzymes, suggesting a role for ING proteins in regulating gene transcription. Additionally, forced overexpression studies performed in vitro have indicated that several ING proteins can interact with the p53 tumor suppressor protein and/or the NF-кB protein complex. Since these two proteins play ...


Attrition Of Cd8 T Cells During The Early Stages Of Viral Infections: A Dissertation, Kapil Bahl Jan 2008

Attrition Of Cd8 T Cells During The Early Stages Of Viral Infections: A Dissertation, Kapil Bahl

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Profound lymphopenia has been observed during many acute viral infections, and our laboratory has previously documented a type 1 IFN-dependent loss of most memory (CD44hi) and some naïve (CD44lo) CD8 T cells immediately preceding the development of the antiviral T cell response at days 2-4 following lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) infection. In this thesis, I will examine additional mechanisms involved in the early attrition of CD8 T cells and evaluate whether antigen-specific and non-specific CD8 T cells are equally susceptible. Lastly, I will examine whether the early attrition of CD8 T cells contributes to the generation of an ...