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GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Apoptosis

Biological Factors

Publication Year

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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Dynamics Of Erythropoietic Survival Pathways In Vivo: A Dissertation, Miroslav Koulnis Jul 2011

Dynamics Of Erythropoietic Survival Pathways In Vivo: A Dissertation, Miroslav Koulnis

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Erythropoiesis maintains stable tissue oxygenation in the basal state, while accelerating red cell production in anemia, blood loss or high altitude. The principal regulator of erythropoiesis is the hormone erythropoietin (Epo). In response to hypoxic stress, Epo can increase a 1000-fold, driving erythropoietic rate by up to 10-fold. It’s been suggested that survival pathways activated by the Epo receptor (EpoR) underlie its regulation of erythropoietic rate. A number of apparently redundant EpoR survival pathways were identified in vitro, raising the possibility of their functional specialization in vivo.

Here I assessed the roles of three survival pathways activated by EpoR ...


Role Of Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Response Signaling In T Cells: A Dissertation, Steven C. Pino Jul 2008

Role Of Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Response Signaling In T Cells: A Dissertation, Steven C. Pino

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

T cells play a central role in cellular-mediated immunity and must become activated to participate as effector cells in the immune response. The activation process is highly intricate and involves stimulation of a number of downstream signaling pathways enabling T cells to proliferate and produce cytokines that are vital for proper effector function. This increase in protein production and protein folding activity adds to the normal physiological strain on cellular machinery. One cellular compartment that has generated a mechanism to mitigate the stress induced by increased protein production is the endoplasmic reticulum (ER).

In general, an increase in cellular production ...


Attrition Of Cd8 T Cells During The Early Stages Of Viral Infections: A Dissertation, Kapil Bahl Jan 2008

Attrition Of Cd8 T Cells During The Early Stages Of Viral Infections: A Dissertation, Kapil Bahl

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Profound lymphopenia has been observed during many acute viral infections, and our laboratory has previously documented a type 1 IFN-dependent loss of most memory (CD44hi) and some naïve (CD44lo) CD8 T cells immediately preceding the development of the antiviral T cell response at days 2-4 following lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) infection. In this thesis, I will examine additional mechanisms involved in the early attrition of CD8 T cells and evaluate whether antigen-specific and non-specific CD8 T cells are equally susceptible. Lastly, I will examine whether the early attrition of CD8 T cells contributes to the generation of an ...