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Biological System Energy Algorithm Reflected In Sub-System Joint Work Distribution Movement Strategies: Influence Of Strength And Eccentric Loading, Jeffrey M. Mcbride, Sophia Nimphius Dec 2020

Biological System Energy Algorithm Reflected In Sub-System Joint Work Distribution Movement Strategies: Influence Of Strength And Eccentric Loading, Jeffrey M. Mcbride, Sophia Nimphius

ECU Publications Post 2013

© 2020, The Author(s). To better understand and define energy algorithms during physical activity as it relates to strength and movement strategy of the hip, knee and ankle, a model of increasing eccentric load was implemented in the current investigation utilizing a countermovement jump and a series of drop jumps from different heights (15, 30, 45, 60, 75 cm). Twenty-one participants were grouped by sex (men, n = 9; women, n = 12) and muscle strength (higher strength, n = 7; moderate strength, n = 7; lower strength, n = 7) as determined by a maximal squat test. Force plates and 3D motion capture were ...


Serum Midkine, Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate And Chronic Kidney Disease-Related Events In Elderly Women: Perth Longitudinal Study Of Aging Women, Jeffrey Wang, Joshua R. Lewis, Elizabeth Byrnes, Germaine Wong, Warren D. Raymond, Kun Zhu, Graham R. Robertson, Wai H. Lim, Qi Cao, Richard L. Prince, Vincent W. Lee Dec 2020

Serum Midkine, Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate And Chronic Kidney Disease-Related Events In Elderly Women: Perth Longitudinal Study Of Aging Women, Jeffrey Wang, Joshua R. Lewis, Elizabeth Byrnes, Germaine Wong, Warren D. Raymond, Kun Zhu, Graham R. Robertson, Wai H. Lim, Qi Cao, Richard L. Prince, Vincent W. Lee

ECU Publications Post 2013

© 2020, The Author(s). Midkine (MDK), a heparin-binding growth factor cytokine, is involved in the pathogenesis of kidney diseases by augmenting leukocyte trafficking and activation. Animal models and small case control studies have implicated MDK as a pathological biomarker in chronic kidney diseases (CKD), however this is yet to be confirmed in prospective human studies. In a prospective study of 499 elderly, predominantly Caucasian women aged over 70 years the association between serum MDK collected in 1998, and renal function change and the risk of CKD-related hospitalisations and deaths at 5 and 14.5 years, respectively, was examined. Baseline serum ...


Timing Of Exercise For Muscle Strength And Physical Function In Men Initiating Adt For Prostate Cancer, Robert U. Newton, Daniel A. Galvão, Nigel Spry, David Joseph, Suzanne K. Chambers, Robert A. Gardiner, Dickon Hayne, Dennis R. Taaffe Sep 2020

Timing Of Exercise For Muscle Strength And Physical Function In Men Initiating Adt For Prostate Cancer, Robert U. Newton, Daniel A. Galvão, Nigel Spry, David Joseph, Suzanne K. Chambers, Robert A. Gardiner, Dickon Hayne, Dennis R. Taaffe

ECU Publications Post 2013

© 2020, The Author(s). Background: Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in men with prostate cancer (PCa) results in adverse effects, including reduced muscle strength and physical function, potentially compromising daily functioning. We examined whether it was more efficacious to commence exercise at the onset of ADT rather than later in treatment to counter declines in strength and physical function. Methods: One-hundred-and-four men with PCa (68.3 ± 7.0 years) initiating ADT were randomised to immediate exercise (IMX, n = 54) or delayed exercise (DEL, n = 50) for 12 months. IMX comprised 6 months of supervised resistance/aerobic/impact exercise initiated at the ...


Rice Bran Arabinoxylan Compound And Quality Of Life Of Cancer Patients (Rbac-Qol): Study Protocol For A Randomized Pilot Feasibility Trial, Soo Liang Ooi, Sok Cheon Pak, Peter S. Micalos, Emily Schupfer, Rob Zielinski, Thomas Jeffries, Garth Harris, Terry Golombick, David Mckinnon Sep 2020

Rice Bran Arabinoxylan Compound And Quality Of Life Of Cancer Patients (Rbac-Qol): Study Protocol For A Randomized Pilot Feasibility Trial, Soo Liang Ooi, Sok Cheon Pak, Peter S. Micalos, Emily Schupfer, Rob Zielinski, Thomas Jeffries, Garth Harris, Terry Golombick, David Mckinnon

ECU Publications Post 2013

© 2020 Introduction: Rice bran arabinoxylan compound (RBAC) is a nutraceutical for enhancing a depleted immune system during and after cancer treatment. This pilot feasibility trial aims to evaluate the effects of RBAC on cancer patients' quality of life during active treatment, compared to placebo, using a validated questionnaire. Other outcome measures include changes in inflammatory and nutritional status, cytokine profile, and gut microbiota. Methods/Design: The study will recruit 50 participants from a regional cancer center in Australia. Patients aged 18–70, diagnosed with solid organ cancers stage II and above, and currently undergoing active systemic therapies, are eligible. Random ...


Disrupted Sleep And Associated Factors In Australian Dementia Caregivers: A Cross-Sectional Study, Aisling Smyth, Lisa Whitehead, Eimear Quigley, Caroline Vafeas, Laura Emery Aug 2020

Disrupted Sleep And Associated Factors In Australian Dementia Caregivers: A Cross-Sectional Study, Aisling Smyth, Lisa Whitehead, Eimear Quigley, Caroline Vafeas, Laura Emery

ECU Publications Post 2013

BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance is an issue reported by caregivers. Waking at night is a feature of dementia and by proxy, sleep disturbance among caregivers is reported to be high. Little is known about the characteristics of dementia caregivers' sleep and the factors that may influence sleep disruption. The purpose of this study was to investigate the sleep characteristics and disturbances of Australian caregivers of a person living with dementia. In addition, it evaluated the psychological wellbeing of caregivers by evaluating associations between mood and sleep in this population. METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional, descriptive, correlation design. Participants were recruited ...


Survival Rates Of Head And Neck Cancers In Ghana: A Retrospective Study At The Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Osei Owusu-Afriyie, W. K.B.A. Owiredu, Alexander Acheampong Oti, Emmanuel Acheampong, Kwabena Owusu-Danquah, Rita Larsen-Reindorf, Linda Ahenkorah Fondjo, Evans Asamoah Adu, Sampson Donkor, Peter Donkor Aug 2020

Survival Rates Of Head And Neck Cancers In Ghana: A Retrospective Study At The Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Osei Owusu-Afriyie, W. K.B.A. Owiredu, Alexander Acheampong Oti, Emmanuel Acheampong, Kwabena Owusu-Danquah, Rita Larsen-Reindorf, Linda Ahenkorah Fondjo, Evans Asamoah Adu, Sampson Donkor, Peter Donkor

ECU Publications Post 2013

OBJECTIVE: Data was collected to evaluate the survival rates of head and neck (conjunctiva, oropharyngeal and non-oropharyngeal) squamous cell carcinomas in Ghana. DATA DESCRIPTION: We provided data on a retrospective review of 8 years (January 2004 to December 2009) survival rate of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) at the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital in Ghana. The data consist of patient demographic data and clinicopathological findings which includes tumour site, tumour stage and histological grades of the patients. Clinical outcome measurement was death through to January 2013 on record and confirmed from the hospitals birth and death registry department ...


The Peripheral Hearing And Central Auditory Processing Skills Of Individuals With Subjective Memory Complaints, Dona M.P. Jayakody, Holly K. Menegola, Jessica M. Yiannos, Jack Goodman-Simpson, Peter L. Friedland, Kevin Taddei, Simon M. Laws, Michael Weinborn, Ralph N. Martins, Hamid R. Sohrabi Aug 2020

The Peripheral Hearing And Central Auditory Processing Skills Of Individuals With Subjective Memory Complaints, Dona M.P. Jayakody, Holly K. Menegola, Jessica M. Yiannos, Jack Goodman-Simpson, Peter L. Friedland, Kevin Taddei, Simon M. Laws, Michael Weinborn, Ralph N. Martins, Hamid R. Sohrabi

ECU Publications Post 2013

© Copyright © 2020 Jayakody, Menegola, Yiannos, Goodman-Simpson, Friedland, Taddei, Laws, Weinborn, Martins and Sohrabi. Purpose: This study examined the central auditory processing (CAP) assessment results of adults between 45 and 85 years of age with probable pre-clinical Alzheimer’s disease – i.e., individuals with subjective memory complaints (SMCs) as compared to those who were not reporting significant levels of memory complaints (non-SMCs). It was hypothesized that the SMC group would perform significantly poorer on tests of central auditory skills compared to participants with non-SMCs (control group). Methods: A total of 95 participants were recruited from the larger Western Australia Memory Study ...


All-Cause Mortality In Metabolically Healthy Individuals Was Not Predicted By Overweight And Obesity, Qiuyue Tian, Anxin Wang, Yingting Zuo, Shuohua Chen, Haifeng Hou, Wei Wang, Shouling Wu, Youxin Wang Aug 2020

All-Cause Mortality In Metabolically Healthy Individuals Was Not Predicted By Overweight And Obesity, Qiuyue Tian, Anxin Wang, Yingting Zuo, Shuohua Chen, Haifeng Hou, Wei Wang, Shouling Wu, Youxin Wang

ECU Publications Post 2013

BACKGROUND Metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) and metabolically healthy overweight (MH-OW) have been suggested to be important and emerging phenotypes with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, whether MHO and MH-OW are associated with all-cause mortality remains inconsistent.METHODS The association of MHO and MH-OW and all-cause mortality was determined in a Chinese community-based prospective cohort study (the Kailuan study), including 93,272 adults at baseline. Data were analyzed from 2006 to 2017. Participants were categorized into 6 mutually exclusive groups, according to BMI and metabolic syndrome (MetS) status. The primary outcome was all-cause death, and accidental deaths were ...


Long-Term Paleolithic Diet Is Associated With Lower Resistant Starch Intake, Different Gut Microbiota Composition And Increased Serum Tmao Concentrations, Angela Genoni, Claus T. Christophersen, Johnny Lo, Megan Coghlan, Mary C. Boyce, Anthony R. Bird, Philippa Lyons-Wall, Amanda Devine Aug 2020

Long-Term Paleolithic Diet Is Associated With Lower Resistant Starch Intake, Different Gut Microbiota Composition And Increased Serum Tmao Concentrations, Angela Genoni, Claus T. Christophersen, Johnny Lo, Megan Coghlan, Mary C. Boyce, Anthony R. Bird, Philippa Lyons-Wall, Amanda Devine

ECU Publications Post 2013

© 2019, The Author(s). Background: The Paleolithic diet is promoted worldwide for improved gut health. However, there is little evidence available to support these claims, with existing literature examining anthropometric and cardiometabolic outcomes. Objective: To determine the association between dietary intake, markers of colonic health, microbiota, and serum trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO), a gut-derived metabolite associated with cardiovascular disease. Design: In a cross-sectional design, long-term (n = 44, > 1 year) self-reported followers of a Paleolithic diet (PD) and controls (n = 47) consuming a diet typical of national recommendations were recruited. Diets were assessed via 3-day weighed diet records; 48-h stool for short chain ...


A Gender-Sensitised Weight-Loss And Healthy Living Program For Men With Overweight And Obesity In Australian Football League Settings (Aussie-Fit): A Pilot Randomised Controlled Trial, Dominika Kwasnicka, Nikos Ntoumanis, Kate Hunt, Cindy M. Gray, Robert U. Newton, Daniel F. Gucciardi, Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Jenny L. Olson, Joanne Mcveigh, Deborah Kerr, Sally Wyke, Philip Morgan, Suzanne Robinson, Marshall Makate, Eleanor Quested Aug 2020

A Gender-Sensitised Weight-Loss And Healthy Living Program For Men With Overweight And Obesity In Australian Football League Settings (Aussie-Fit): A Pilot Randomised Controlled Trial, Dominika Kwasnicka, Nikos Ntoumanis, Kate Hunt, Cindy M. Gray, Robert U. Newton, Daniel F. Gucciardi, Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Jenny L. Olson, Joanne Mcveigh, Deborah Kerr, Sally Wyke, Philip Morgan, Suzanne Robinson, Marshall Makate, Eleanor Quested

ECU Publications Post 2013

BACKGROUND: Recent evidence shows that sport settings can act as a powerful draw to engage men in weight loss. The primary objective of this pilot study was to test the feasibility of delivering and to evaluate preliminary efficacy of Aussie-FIT, a weight-loss program for men with overweight/obesity delivered in Australian Football League (AFL) settings, in preparation for a future definitive trial. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This 6-month pilot trial took place in Perth, Australia. Participants were overweight/obese (Body Mass Index [BMI] ≥ 28 kg/m2), middle-aged (35-65 years old) men. Participants were recruited in May 2018, and the intervention took ...


Evaluation Of Red Blood Cell Count As An Ancillary Index To Hemoglobin Level In Defining The Severe Falciparum Malarial Anemia Among Ghanaian Children In Low-Resource Communities, Kwabena Nsiah, Bernard Bahaah, Bright Oppong Afranie, Emmanuel Acheampong Aug 2020

Evaluation Of Red Blood Cell Count As An Ancillary Index To Hemoglobin Level In Defining The Severe Falciparum Malarial Anemia Among Ghanaian Children In Low-Resource Communities, Kwabena Nsiah, Bernard Bahaah, Bright Oppong Afranie, Emmanuel Acheampong

ECU Publications Post 2013

© 2020 The Author(s) Our study evaluated red blood cell count as supporting hematological index to hematocrit level in predicting severe malarial anemia instead of the hemoglobin levels among malaria-infected children in Ghana. This case-control study was conducted at the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH) in Kumasi, Ghana. The study recruited 139 children, of which 45 were Controls (C), 43 with severe malaria (SM), and 51 with mild malaria (MM). Validated questionnaires were administered to obtain the socio-demographic data from each respondent. Venous blood was obtained for parasitemia count and to determine the hematological profile of each participant. With point ...


Reliability And Validity Of Maximal Mean And Critical Speed And Metabolic Power In Australian Youth Soccer Players, Cameron Lord, Anthony J. Blazevich, Chris R. Abbiss, Fadi Ma'ayah Jul 2020

Reliability And Validity Of Maximal Mean And Critical Speed And Metabolic Power In Australian Youth Soccer Players, Cameron Lord, Anthony J. Blazevich, Chris R. Abbiss, Fadi Ma'ayah

ECU Publications Post 2013

© 2020 Cameron Lord, Anthony J. Blazevich, Chris R. Abbiss, Fadi Ma'ayah, published by Sciendo 2020. The reliability and validity of maximal mean speed (MMS), maximal mean metabolic power (MMPmet), critical speed (CS) and critical metabolic power (CPmet) were examined throughout the 2016-2017 soccer National Youth League competitions. Global positioning system (GPS) data were collected from 20 sub-elite soccer players during a battery of maximal running tests and four home matches. A symmetric moving average algorithm was applied to the instantaneous velocity data using specific time windows (1, 5, 10, 60, 300 and 600 s) and peak values were identified ...


Auditory Electrophysiological Assessments Of Alzheimer's Disease And Preclinical Stages: Protocol For A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Hadeel Y. Tarawneh, Wilhelmina H.A.M. Mulders, Hamid R. Sohrabi, Ralph N. Martins, Dona M.P. Jayakody Jul 2020

Auditory Electrophysiological Assessments Of Alzheimer's Disease And Preclinical Stages: Protocol For A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Hadeel Y. Tarawneh, Wilhelmina H.A.M. Mulders, Hamid R. Sohrabi, Ralph N. Martins, Dona M.P. Jayakody

ECU Publications Post 2013

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ. Introduction Investigating auditory functions in populations at risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD) using auditory neurophysiological measurements can potentially identify a crucial and sensitive diagnostic window of opportunity in preclinical AD. Auditory electrophysiological assessments have gained interest as possible tools for early diagnosis of AD. This paper outlines the protocol that will be used to systematically review the published literature currently available on auditory electrophysiological assessments that have been used to assess the auditory functions of adults ...


Whole Genome Sequencing Of Four Representatives From The Admixed Population Of The United Arab Emirates, Gihan Daw Elbait, Andreas Henschel, Guan K. Tay, Habiba S. Al Safar Jul 2020

Whole Genome Sequencing Of Four Representatives From The Admixed Population Of The United Arab Emirates, Gihan Daw Elbait, Andreas Henschel, Guan K. Tay, Habiba S. Al Safar

ECU Publications Post 2013

© Copyright © 2020 Daw Elbait, Henschel, Tay and Al Safar. Whole genome sequences (WGS) of four nationals of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) at an average coverage of 33X have been completed and described. The selection of suitable subpopulation representatives was informed by a preceding comprehensive population structure analysis. Representatives were chosen based on their central location within the subpopulation on a principal component analysis (PCA) and the degree to which they were admixed. Novel genomic variations among the different subgroups of the UAE population are reported here. Specifically, the WGS analysis identified 4,161,067–4,798,806 variants in ...


Ntcp Gene Polymorphisms And Hepatitis B Virus Infection Status In A Ghanaian Population, Eric Nyarko, Christian Obirikorang, W. K.B.A. Owiredu, Evans Asamoah Adu, Emmanuel Acheampong, Freeman Aidoo, Emmanuel Ofori, Bright Selorm Addy, Henry Asare-Anane Jul 2020

Ntcp Gene Polymorphisms And Hepatitis B Virus Infection Status In A Ghanaian Population, Eric Nyarko, Christian Obirikorang, W. K.B.A. Owiredu, Evans Asamoah Adu, Emmanuel Acheampong, Freeman Aidoo, Emmanuel Ofori, Bright Selorm Addy, Henry Asare-Anane

ECU Publications Post 2013

© 2020 The Author(s). Background: SLC10A1 gene codes NTCP, a receptor through which the hepatitis B virus (HBV) gets access into hepatocytes- A stage of the viral cycle necessary for replication. Polymorphism variants of SLC10A1 play roles in HBV infection, viral clearance, treatment outcome, and complications, in diverse ethnic groups and countries. However, no such study has been conducted in the Ghanaian population, a country with HBV endemicity. Therefore, an exploratory study was conducted to investigate the presence of three (3) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the SLC10A1 gene (rs2296651, rs61745930, and rs4646287) and assessed the risk of HBV infection ...


Impact Of Honey On Radiotherapy-Induced Oral Mucositis In Patients With Head And Neck Cancer: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Xu Tian, Lingli Xu, Xiaoling Liu, Carol Chunfeng Wang, Wei Xie, María F. Jiménez-Herrera, Weiqing Chen Jul 2020

Impact Of Honey On Radiotherapy-Induced Oral Mucositis In Patients With Head And Neck Cancer: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Xu Tian, Lingli Xu, Xiaoling Liu, Carol Chunfeng Wang, Wei Xie, María F. Jiménez-Herrera, Weiqing Chen

ECU Publications Post 2013

© Annals of Palliative Medicine. Background: Oral mucositis is one of the most frequent, irreversible and distressing complications faced by head and neck cancer (HNC) patients undergoing radiotherapy. Several studies have investigated the role of honey in the prevention and alleviation of radiation-induced oral mucositis in HNC patients, however, a definitive conclusion has not yet been generated. We performed this updated systematic review and metaanalysis to determine whether honey can prevent and alleviate radiation-induced oral mucositis in HNC patients. Methods: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) through October 2019. We ...


World-Wide Fingers Network: A Global Approach To Risk Reduction And Prevention Of Dementia, Miia Kivipelto, Francesca Mangialasche, Heather M. Snyder, Ricardo Allegri, Sandrine Andrieu, Hidenori Arai, Laura Baker, Sylvie Belleville, Henry Brodaty, Sonia M. Brucki, Ismael Calandri, Paulo Caramelli, Christopher Chen, Howard Chertkow, Effie Chew, Seong H. Choi, Neerja Chowdhary, Lucía Crivelli, Rafael De La Torre, Yifeng Du, Tarun Dua, Mark Espeland, Howard H. Feldman, Maris Hartmanis, Tobias Hartmann, Megan Heffernan, Christiani J. Henry, Chang H. Hong, Krister Hakansson, Takeshi Iwatsubo, Jee H. Jeong, Gustavo Jimenez-Maggiora, Edward H. Khoo, Lenore J. Launer, Jenni Lehtisalo, Francisco Lopera, Pablo Martinez-Lage, Ralph Martins, Lefkos Middleton, Jose L. Molinuevo, Manuel Montero-Odasso, So Y. Moon, Kristal Morales-Perez, Ricardo Nitrini, Haakon B. Nygaard, Yoo K. Park, Markku Peltonen, Chengxuan Qiu, Yakeel T. Quiroz, Rema Raman, Naren Rao, Vijayalakshmi Ravindranath, Anna Rosenberg, Takashi Sakurai, Rosa M. Salinas, Philip Scheltens, Gustavo Sevlever, Hilkka Soininen, Ana L. Sosa, Claudia K. Suemoto, Mikel Tainta-Cuezva, Lina Velilla, Yongxiang Wang, Rachel Whitmer, Xin Xu, Lisa J. Bain, Alina Solomon, Tiia Ngandu, Maria C. Carrillo Jul 2020

World-Wide Fingers Network: A Global Approach To Risk Reduction And Prevention Of Dementia, Miia Kivipelto, Francesca Mangialasche, Heather M. Snyder, Ricardo Allegri, Sandrine Andrieu, Hidenori Arai, Laura Baker, Sylvie Belleville, Henry Brodaty, Sonia M. Brucki, Ismael Calandri, Paulo Caramelli, Christopher Chen, Howard Chertkow, Effie Chew, Seong H. Choi, Neerja Chowdhary, Lucía Crivelli, Rafael De La Torre, Yifeng Du, Tarun Dua, Mark Espeland, Howard H. Feldman, Maris Hartmanis, Tobias Hartmann, Megan Heffernan, Christiani J. Henry, Chang H. Hong, Krister Hakansson, Takeshi Iwatsubo, Jee H. Jeong, Gustavo Jimenez-Maggiora, Edward H. Khoo, Lenore J. Launer, Jenni Lehtisalo, Francisco Lopera, Pablo Martinez-Lage, Ralph Martins, Lefkos Middleton, Jose L. Molinuevo, Manuel Montero-Odasso, So Y. Moon, Kristal Morales-Perez, Ricardo Nitrini, Haakon B. Nygaard, Yoo K. Park, Markku Peltonen, Chengxuan Qiu, Yakeel T. Quiroz, Rema Raman, Naren Rao, Vijayalakshmi Ravindranath, Anna Rosenberg, Takashi Sakurai, Rosa M. Salinas, Philip Scheltens, Gustavo Sevlever, Hilkka Soininen, Ana L. Sosa, Claudia K. Suemoto, Mikel Tainta-Cuezva, Lina Velilla, Yongxiang Wang, Rachel Whitmer, Xin Xu, Lisa J. Bain, Alina Solomon, Tiia Ngandu, Maria C. Carrillo

ECU Publications Post 2013

© 2020 The Authors. Alzheimer's & Dementia published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of Alzheimer's Association Reducing the risk of dementia can halt the worldwide increase of affected people. The multifactorial and heterogeneous nature of late-onset dementia, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), indicates a potential impact of multidomain lifestyle interventions on risk reduction. The positive results of the landmark multidomain Finnish Geriatric Intervention Study to Prevent Cognitive Impairment and Disability (FINGER) support such an approach. The World-Wide FINGERS (WW-FINGERS), launched in 2017 and including over 25 countries, is the first global network of multidomain lifestyle intervention trials for dementia ...


A Novel, Reliable Protocol To Objectively Assess Scar Stiffness Using Shear Wave Elastography, Helen Dejong, Steven Abbott, Marilyn Zelesco, Katrina Spilsbury, Lisa Martin, Rowan Sanderson, Melanie Ziman, Brendan F. Kennedy, Fiona M. Wood Jul 2020

A Novel, Reliable Protocol To Objectively Assess Scar Stiffness Using Shear Wave Elastography, Helen Dejong, Steven Abbott, Marilyn Zelesco, Katrina Spilsbury, Lisa Martin, Rowan Sanderson, Melanie Ziman, Brendan F. Kennedy, Fiona M. Wood

ECU Publications Post 2013

© 2020 The Authors The aim of this research was to investigate the use of shear wave elastography as a novel tool to quantify and visualize scar stiffness after a burn. Increased scar stiffness is indicative of pathologic scarring which is associated with persistent pain, chronic itch and restricted range of movement. Fifty-five participants with a total of 96 scars and 69 contralateral normal skin sites were evaluated. A unique protocol was developed to enable imaging of the raised and uneven burn scars. Intra-rater and inter-rater reliability was excellent (intra-class correlation coefficient > 0.97), and test–retest reliability was good (intra-class ...


Systematic Review Protocol For Assessing Central Auditory Functions Of Alzheimer's Disease And Its Preclinical Stages, Dona M.P. Jayakody, Hadeel Y. Tarawneh, Holly K. Menegola, Jessica M. Yiannos, Peter L. Friedland, Wayne J. Wilson, Ralph N. Martins, Hamid R. Sohrabi Jun 2020

Systematic Review Protocol For Assessing Central Auditory Functions Of Alzheimer's Disease And Its Preclinical Stages, Dona M.P. Jayakody, Hadeel Y. Tarawneh, Holly K. Menegola, Jessica M. Yiannos, Peter L. Friedland, Wayne J. Wilson, Ralph N. Martins, Hamid R. Sohrabi

ECU Publications Post 2013

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ. Introduction A number of studies have reported an association between peripheral hearing impairment, central auditory processing and Alzheimer's disease (AD) and its preclinical stages. Both peripheral hearing impairment and central auditory processing disorders are observed many years prior to the clinical manifestation of AD symptoms, hence, providing a long window of opportunity to investigate potential interventions against neurodegenerative processes. This paper outlines the protocol for a systematic review of studies examining the central auditory processing functions in ...


Study Protocol For The Safety And Efficacy Of Probiotic Therapy On Days Alive And Out Of Hospital In Adult Icu Patients: The Multicentre, Randomised, Placebo-Controlled Restoration Of Gut Microflora In Critical Illness Trial (Rocit), Edward Litton, Matthew Anstey, David Broadhurst, Andy R. Chapman, Andrew Currie, Janet Ferrier, Joel Gummer, Alisa Higgins, Jolene Lim, Laurens Manning, Erina Myers, Katrina Orr, Anne-Marie Palermo, Andrea Paparini, Susan Pellicano, Edward Raby, Anu Rammohan, Adrian Regli, Bernhard Richter, Sam Salman, Tobias Strunk, Sharon Waterson, Brad Wibrow, Fiona M. Wood Jun 2020

Study Protocol For The Safety And Efficacy Of Probiotic Therapy On Days Alive And Out Of Hospital In Adult Icu Patients: The Multicentre, Randomised, Placebo-Controlled Restoration Of Gut Microflora In Critical Illness Trial (Rocit), Edward Litton, Matthew Anstey, David Broadhurst, Andy R. Chapman, Andrew Currie, Janet Ferrier, Joel Gummer, Alisa Higgins, Jolene Lim, Laurens Manning, Erina Myers, Katrina Orr, Anne-Marie Palermo, Andrea Paparini, Susan Pellicano, Edward Raby, Anu Rammohan, Adrian Regli, Bernhard Richter, Sam Salman, Tobias Strunk, Sharon Waterson, Brad Wibrow, Fiona M. Wood

ECU Publications Post 2013

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ. Introduction The effect of early and sustained administration of daily probiotic therapy on patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) remains uncertain. Methods and analysis The Restoration Of gut microflora in Critical Illness Trial (ROCIT) study is a multicentre, randomised, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, two-sided superiority trial that will enrol 220 patients in five ICUs. Adult patients who are within 48 hours of admission to an ICU and are expected to require intensive care beyond the next calendar day ...


Genetic Diversity And Low Stratification Of The Population Of The United Arab Emirates, Guan K. Tay, Andreas Henschel, Gihan Daw Elbait, Habiba S. Al Safar Jun 2020

Genetic Diversity And Low Stratification Of The Population Of The United Arab Emirates, Guan K. Tay, Andreas Henschel, Gihan Daw Elbait, Habiba S. Al Safar

ECU Publications Post 2013

© Copyright © 2020 Tay, Henschel, Daw Elbait and Al Safar. With high consanguinity rates on the Arabian Peninsula, it would not have been unexpected if the population of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) was shown to be relatively homogenous. However, this study of 1000 UAE nationals provided a contrasting perspective, one of a relatively heterogeneous population. Located at the apex of Europe, Asia, and Africa, the observed diversity could be explained by a plethora of migration patterns since the first Out-of-Africa movement. A strategy to explore the extent of genetic variation of the population of the UAE is presented. The first ...


The Effect Of Training With Weightlifting Catching Or Pulling Derivatives On Squat Jump And Countermovement Jump Force-Time Adaptations, Timothy J. Suchomel, Shana M. Mckeever, John J. Mcmahon, Paul Comfort Jun 2020

The Effect Of Training With Weightlifting Catching Or Pulling Derivatives On Squat Jump And Countermovement Jump Force-Time Adaptations, Timothy J. Suchomel, Shana M. Mckeever, John J. Mcmahon, Paul Comfort

ECU Publications Post 2013

© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). The purpose of this study was to examine the changes in squat jump (SJ) and countermovement jump (CMJ) force-time curve characteristics following 10 weeks of training with either load-matched weightlifting catching (CATCH) or pulling derivatives (PULL) or pulling derivatives that included force- and velocity-specific loading (OL). Twenty-five resistance-trained men were randomly assigned to the CATCH, PULL, or OL groups. Participants completed a 10 week ...


Behind The Therapy Door: What Is “Usual Care” Aphasia Therapy In Acute Stroke Management?, Emily Brogan, Erin Godecke, Natalie Ciccone May 2020

Behind The Therapy Door: What Is “Usual Care” Aphasia Therapy In Acute Stroke Management?, Emily Brogan, Erin Godecke, Natalie Ciccone

ECU Publications Post 2013

Background: Usual care is the term used to describe everyday practice in the management of a client within a profession. The knowledge of the tasks used in therapy and key therapeutic processes used within these treatments, provides critical information about if and how the therapy works. The Very Early Rehabilitation in SpEech Randomised Controlled Trial (VERSE RCT) had three arms with therapists within the intensive Usual Care-Plus arm (UC-Plus) providing daily direct aphasia therapy at their discretion for 20 sessions.

Aims: To describe usual care aphasia treatment provided in the Usual Care-Plus arm of VERSE RCT.

Methods and Procedures: One ...


Enzymatically Modified Isoquercitrin Improves Endothelial Function In Volunteers At Risk Of Cardiovascular Disease, Nicola P. Bondonno, Catherine P. Bondonno, Natalie C. Ward, Richard J. Woodman, Jonathan M. Hodgson Jan 2020

Enzymatically Modified Isoquercitrin Improves Endothelial Function In Volunteers At Risk Of Cardiovascular Disease, Nicola P. Bondonno, Catherine P. Bondonno, Natalie C. Ward, Richard J. Woodman, Jonathan M. Hodgson

ECU Publications Post 2013

A higher intake of food rich in flavonoids such as quercetin can reduce the risk of CVD. Enzymatically modified isoquercitrin (EMIQ®) has a bioavailability 17-fold higher than quercetin aglycone and has shown potential CVD moderating effects in animal studies. The present study aimed to determine whether acute ingestion of EMIQ® improves endothelial function, blood pressure (BP) and cognitive function in human volunteers at risk of CVD. Twenty-five participants (twelve males and thirteen females) with at least one CVD risk factor completed this randomised, controlled, crossover study. In a random order, participants were given EMIQ® (2 mg aglycone equivalent)/kg body ...


Sharing Is Caring: A Study Of Food-Sharing Practices In Australian Early Childhood Education And Care Services, Ruth Wallace, Karen Lombardi, Charlotte De Backer, Leesa Costello, Amanda Devine Jan 2020

Sharing Is Caring: A Study Of Food-Sharing Practices In Australian Early Childhood Education And Care Services, Ruth Wallace, Karen Lombardi, Charlotte De Backer, Leesa Costello, Amanda Devine

ECU Publications Post 2013

Food connects people, and can significantly impact the physical, social and emotional development of young children. Food sharing and family-style mealtimes can support healthy eating practices and psychological well-being among young children, and carersother than family members, such as Early Childhood Education and Care staff, play an important role in the provision of these practices. Despite increasing numbers of Australian children attending Early Childhood Education and Care services, there is often reluctance among staff to promote such mealtime practices, to the detriment of children's social and emotional development. The aim of this paper was to focus on the potential ...


The Relationship Between Abdominal Pain And Emotional Wellbeing In Children And Adolescents In The Raine Study, Oyekoya T. Ayonrinde, Oyedeji A. Ayonrinde, Leon A. Adams, Frank M. Sanfilippo, Therese A. O’ Sullivan, Monique Robinson, Wendy H. Oddy, John K. Olynyk Jan 2020

The Relationship Between Abdominal Pain And Emotional Wellbeing In Children And Adolescents In The Raine Study, Oyekoya T. Ayonrinde, Oyedeji A. Ayonrinde, Leon A. Adams, Frank M. Sanfilippo, Therese A. O’ Sullivan, Monique Robinson, Wendy H. Oddy, John K. Olynyk

ECU Publications Post 2013

Abdominal pain is a common reason for medical visits. We examined the prevalence, gastrointestinal, and emotional significance of abdominal pain in a population-based cohort serially followed up from birth to 17 years. Children and adolescents from Generation 2 of the Raine Study participated in comprehensive cross-sectional assessments at ages 2, 5, 8, 10, 14 and 17 years. At 17 years, medical history, general health, gastrointestinal symptoms, medications, health practitioner attendance, and self-rated unhappiness were recorded. Longitudinal data regarding abdominal pain or unhappiness, from serial questionnaires, were analysed to identify factors associated with abdominal pain and adverse emotional health at age ...


Geographical Disparities In Screening And Cancer- Related Health Behaviour, Belinda Goodwin, Arlen K. Rowe, Fiona Crawford-Williams, Peter Baade, Suzanne K. Chambers, Nicholas Ralph, Joanne F. Aitken Jan 2020

Geographical Disparities In Screening And Cancer- Related Health Behaviour, Belinda Goodwin, Arlen K. Rowe, Fiona Crawford-Williams, Peter Baade, Suzanne K. Chambers, Nicholas Ralph, Joanne F. Aitken

ECU Publications Post 2013

This study aimed to identify whether cancer-related health behaviours including participation in cancer screening vary by geographic location in Australia. Data were obtained from the 2014–2015 Australian National Health Survey, a computer-assisted telephone interview that measured a range of health-related issues in a sample of randomly selected households. Chi-square tests and adjusted odds ratios from logistic regression models were computed to assess the association between residential location and cancer-related health behaviours including cancer screening participation, alcohol consumption, smoking, exercise, and fruit and vegetable intake, controlling for age, socio-economic status (SES), education, and place of birth. The findings show insufficient ...


Investigation Of The Association Between Dietary Fibre, Protein And Fat With Manganese Content In Food, Madhura Jayasinghe, Binosha Fernando, Subhashinie Senadheera, Pubudu Gunawardene, Somathilaka Ranaweera Jan 2020

Investigation Of The Association Between Dietary Fibre, Protein And Fat With Manganese Content In Food, Madhura Jayasinghe, Binosha Fernando, Subhashinie Senadheera, Pubudu Gunawardene, Somathilaka Ranaweera

ECU Publications Post 2013

Manganese deficiency may cause severe health disorders and is becoming prevalent in societies that are rapidly urbanising. Determining the Manganese contents and its relationship with the intake of protein, fibre and fats is important; which may allow people to select Manganese rich foods based on their major macronutrients. A cross-sectional study including detailed dietary assessment for two weeks, followed by proximate analysis of regularly consumed diets was conducted using 1200 adults from three different social segments as; lecturers/teachers (400), managerial employees in the private sector (400), and houses wives (400). Each social segment was assumed to elicit different lifestyles ...


Should The Pbl Tutor Be Present? A Cross-Sectional Study Of Group Effectiveness In Synchronous And Asynchronous Settings, Samuel Edelbring, Siw Alehagen, Evalotte Mörelius, Annakarin Johansson, Patrik Rytterström Jan 2020

Should The Pbl Tutor Be Present? A Cross-Sectional Study Of Group Effectiveness In Synchronous And Asynchronous Settings, Samuel Edelbring, Siw Alehagen, Evalotte Mörelius, Annakarin Johansson, Patrik Rytterström

ECU Publications Post 2013

Background: The tutorial group and its dynamics are a cornerstone of problem-based learning (PBL). The tutor's support varies according to the setting, and it is pertinent to explore group effectiveness in relation to different settings, for example online or campus-based. The PBL groups' effectiveness can partly be assessed in terms of cognitive and motivational aspects, using a self-report tool to measure PBL group effectiveness, the Tutorial Group Effectiveness Instrument (TGEI). This study's aim was to explore tutor participation in variations of online and campus-based tutorial groups in relation to group effectiveness. A secondary aim was to validate a ...


The Impact Of A Residential Camp On Grandchildren Raised By Grandparents: Grandparents’ Perspectives, J. Dare, R. Marquis, E. Wenden, S. Gopi, D. A. Coall Jan 2020

The Impact Of A Residential Camp On Grandchildren Raised By Grandparents: Grandparents’ Perspectives, J. Dare, R. Marquis, E. Wenden, S. Gopi, D. A. Coall

ECU Publications Post 2013

This research aimed to investigate grandparents’ perspectives on the impact of Leadership and Respite Camps, designed for children being raised by their grandparents, on their grandchildren. In-depth interviews were conducted with 34 grandparents whose grandchildren had participated in 1 of 3 camps held between September 2018 and January 2019, in Perth and the south-west of Western Australia. Findings highlighted how grandcarers’ perceived the camps created unique opportunities for grandchildren to share their experiences in a safe and supportive environment. Grandparents reported significant psychosocial benefits to their grandchild, including feeling they fitted in with their peers and were not alone in ...