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Articles 1 - 30 of 1718

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Formation Of Nanoparticles For The Oral Delivery Of Small Molecules By Flash Nanoprecipitation, Jing Zhi Lo May 2020

Formation Of Nanoparticles For The Oral Delivery Of Small Molecules By Flash Nanoprecipitation, Jing Zhi Lo

Master of Chemical Sciences Capstone Projects

Nanoparticles have shown considerable potential in many biological applications including drug delivery, bio-imaging, and medical diagnostics. Specifically, the development of nanoparticle-based drug formulations holds opportunities to improve the dissolution rate and oral availability of poorly water-soluble drugs. The goal of this project is to improve oral bioavailability of a small molecule drug (“G-1”) through the formation of nanoparticles using the flash nanoprecipitation (FNP) process. Interestingly, “G-1” formed ~80 nm particles that are electrostatically stabilized without the use of stabilizing polymers and concentration as high as 160 mg/mL of “G-1” formed nanoparticles. Additionally, trehalose was found to be an effective ...


From Burnout To Wellness: Using Appreciative Inquiry To Shift Midmichigan Health Towards A Strengths-Based Perspective, Kunal Chohan, Karen Fetzer, Sophia R. Heiser, Seth Norman May 2020

From Burnout To Wellness: Using Appreciative Inquiry To Shift Midmichigan Health Towards A Strengths-Based Perspective, Kunal Chohan, Karen Fetzer, Sophia R. Heiser, Seth Norman

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects

Over half of providers in the healthcare field experience burnout. Burnout syndrome is defined by the prolonged psychological and physiological response to chronic and interpersonal job stressors, and can result in a number of symptoms that negatively affect workplace morale and performance, including physical exhaustion, job dissatisfaction, and feelings of hopelessness. MidMichigan Health (MMH), a division of the University of Michigan Health system that serves nearly 1 million people in Michigan, has created the Provider Wellness and Burnout Council (PWBC) to address issues of burnout within the organization. To build on their initial work, we propose a long-term intervention based ...


The Role Of Lgr5+ Epithelial Stem-Like Cells In 3d-Organoid Modeling And Pathogenesis Of Ameloblastoma, Ting-Han Chang Apr 2020

The Role Of Lgr5+ Epithelial Stem-Like Cells In 3d-Organoid Modeling And Pathogenesis Of Ameloblastoma, Ting-Han Chang

Dental Theses

Ameloblastoma (AM) is a benign yet locally aggressive tumor with high recurrences. Currently, the underlying pathophysiology remains elusive and radical surgery remains the most definitive treatment with severe morbidities. Our group first reported that AM harbors a subpopulation of tumor epithelial stem-like cells (AM-EpiSCs). Herein, this study further explored whether LGR5+ epithelial cells in AM possess unique stem-like cell properties and their potential contribution to the pathogenesis and recurrence of AM. Our findings demonstrated that LGR5 and stem cell-related genes were simultaneously expressed in a subpopulation of AM epithelial cells, both in vivo and in vitro, which were markedly enriched ...


Know Your Epidemic, Know Your Response: Covid-19 In The United States, Alberto Ciancio, Fabrice Kämpfen, Iliana V. Kohler, Daniel Bennett, Wändi Bruine De Bruin, Jill Darling, Arie Kapteyn, Jürgen Maurer, Hans-Peter Kohler Mar 2020

Know Your Epidemic, Know Your Response: Covid-19 In The United States, Alberto Ciancio, Fabrice Kämpfen, Iliana V. Kohler, Daniel Bennett, Wändi Bruine De Bruin, Jill Darling, Arie Kapteyn, Jürgen Maurer, Hans-Peter Kohler

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

We document that during the week of March 10-16, the Covid-19 pandemic fundamentally affected the perceptions of U.S. residents about the health risks and socioeconomic consequences entailed by the pandemic. During this week, it seems, "everything changed." Not only did the pandemic progress rapidly across the United States, but U.S. residents started to realize that the threat was real: increasing Covid-19 caseloads heightened perceptions of infection risks and excess mortality risks, concerns about the economic implications increased substantially, and behavioral responses became widespread as the pandemic expanded rapidly in the U.S. In early to mid-March 2020, average ...


Evaluating W.A.S.H. (Water, Sanitation And Hygiene) Interventions In Rural Schools Of West Bengal, India, Akudo Ejelonu, Huiran Feng, Thomas Mckeon Mar 2020

Evaluating W.A.S.H. (Water, Sanitation And Hygiene) Interventions In Rural Schools Of West Bengal, India, Akudo Ejelonu, Huiran Feng, Thomas Mckeon

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

Poor sanitation exacerbates adverse health outcomes such as infectious disease, diarrhea and childhood stunting. People of India suffer from disproportionately high rates of poor sanitation. Diarrheal diseases are preventable and better sanitation can reduce disease transmission through improved access to latrines, hygiene education and clean water. A significant concentration of behaviors related to poor sanitation occurring in India requires sustainability and an assessment of programs working towards improving water access, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). We assessed the health and environmental impact of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) such as Sarboday Sangha and Water for People which implemented WASH projects in about 141 ...


Menstrual Health And Hygiene Management And Wash In Urban Slums: Gaps In The Evidence And Recommendations, Sarah J. Goddard Mph, Mia, Marni Sommer Drph, Msn, Rn Mar 2020

Menstrual Health And Hygiene Management And Wash In Urban Slums: Gaps In The Evidence And Recommendations, Sarah J. Goddard Mph, Mia, Marni Sommer Drph, Msn, Rn

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

The rapid urbanization and development of megacities across many low- and middle-income countries creates new challenges in global health; this is particularly true for women and girls who are disproportionately affected by poor urban planning, inadequate sanitation infrastructure, and limited access to water. Urban slums serve to reinforce many gendered inequalities, as reflected in poor sexual and reproductive health outcomes and various other health and wellbeing indicators. Women and adolescent girls in urban slums are particularly vulnerable in relation to their experiences of menstruation, given the limited access they may have to safe, private spaces with water for changing, washing ...


Good Mums: A Gender Equality Perspective On The Constructions Of The Mother In Handwashing Campaigns, Sue Cavill, Chelsea Huggett Mar 2020

Good Mums: A Gender Equality Perspective On The Constructions Of The Mother In Handwashing Campaigns, Sue Cavill, Chelsea Huggett

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

The first part of this paper provides a brief overview of the framing of women in hygiene interventions. The following section provides a review of the literature on best practices for handwashing and hygiene, as framed by discourses on the good mother. The goal of this paper is to illustrate how promotional approaches are targeting mothers to change handwashing and hygiene behavior, and to contrast such interventions with the possibility of more gender transformative approaches. We argue that women don’t always implement the handwashing practices they would prefer. This is clearly not due to laziness and thoughtlessness, and it ...


Health Screening For Emerging Disease Burdens Among The Global Poor, Alberto Ciancio, Fabrice Kämpfen, Hans-Peter Kohler, Iliana V. Kohler Feb 2020

Health Screening For Emerging Disease Burdens Among The Global Poor, Alberto Ciancio, Fabrice Kämpfen, Hans-Peter Kohler, Iliana V. Kohler

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

Evidence for the effectiveness of population health screenings to reduce the burden of non-communicable diseases in low income countries remains very limited. We investigate the sustained effects of a health screening in Malawi where individuals received a referral letter if they had elevated blood pressure. Using a regression discontinuity design and a matching estimator, we find that receiving a referral letter reduced blood pressure and the probability of being hypertensive by about 22 percentage points four years later. These lasting effects are explained by a 20 percentage points increase in the probability of being diagnosed with hypertension. There is also ...


Mental Health, Schooling Attainment And Polygenic Scores: Are There Significant Gene-Environment Associations?, Vikesh Amin, Jere R. Behrman, Jason M. Fletcher, Carlos A. Flores, Alfonso Flores-Lagunes, Hans-Peter Kohler Feb 2020

Mental Health, Schooling Attainment And Polygenic Scores: Are There Significant Gene-Environment Associations?, Vikesh Amin, Jere R. Behrman, Jason M. Fletcher, Carlos A. Flores, Alfonso Flores-Lagunes, Hans-Peter Kohler

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

We estimate associations between a polygenic score (PGS) for depressive symptoms, schooling attainment and genetic-environmental (GxE) associations with depressive symptoms and depression for 29 years old in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) and 53 years old in the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study (WLS). We find some suggestive evidence that the association of the PGS with mental health is lower for more-schooled older individuals in the WLS, but no evidence in Add Health. Quantile regression estimates also show that in the WLS the GxE associations are statistically significant only in the upper parts of the conditional depressive symptoms ...


Mortality Risk Information, Survival Expectations And Sexual Behaviors, Alberto Ciancio, Adeline Delavande, Hans-Peter Kohler, Iliana V. Kohler Jan 2020

Mortality Risk Information, Survival Expectations And Sexual Behaviors, Alberto Ciancio, Adeline Delavande, Hans-Peter Kohler, Iliana V. Kohler

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

Individuals in low-income settings are often overly pessimistic about their own survival, suggesting that better knowledge about survival risks might encourage investments in health. This paper provides evidence from a randomized experiment that provided mature adults aged 45+ in Malawi with information about mortality risks. Treated individuals are less likely to engage in risky sexual practices one year after the intervention, and they increase other forward-looking behaviors such as investments in agriculture. Expectations of HIV+ people living longer, which makes the pool of potential partners riskier, are a primary driver of reduced sexual risk taking in response to the intervention.


The Mature Adults Cohort Of The Malawi Longitudinal Study Of Families And Health (Mlsfh-Mac), Iliana V. Kohler, Chiwoza Bandawe, Alberto Ciancio, Fabrice Kämpfen, Collin F. Payne, James Mwera, James Mkandawire, Hans-Peter Kohler Jan 2020

The Mature Adults Cohort Of The Malawi Longitudinal Study Of Families And Health (Mlsfh-Mac), Iliana V. Kohler, Chiwoza Bandawe, Alberto Ciancio, Fabrice Kämpfen, Collin F. Payne, James Mwera, James Mkandawire, Hans-Peter Kohler

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

Cohort purpose: The Mature Adults Cohort of the Malawi Longitudinal Study of Families and Health (MLSFH-MAC) contributes to global aging studies by providing a rare opportunity to study the processes of individual and population aging, the public health and social challenges associated with aging and the coincident shifts in disease burdens, in a low-income, high HIV prevalence, sub-Saharan African (SSA) context.

Design and Measures: The MLSFH-MAC is a population-based cohort study of mature adults aged 45 years and older living in rural communities in three districts in Malawi (Mchinji, Balaka and Rumphi). Initial enrollment at baseline is 1,266 individuals ...


Health Inequity In The United States: A Primer, José Escarce Jan 2020

Health Inequity In The United States: A Primer, José Escarce

Issue Briefs

By any measure, the United States has a level of health inequity rarely seen among developed nations. The roots of this inequity are deep and complex, and are a function of differences in income, education, race and segregation, and place. In this primer, we provide an overview of these distinctly American problems, and discuss programs and policies that might promote greater health equity in the population.


Marital Dissolutions And Changes In Mental Health: Evidence From Rural Malawi, Tyler W. Myroniuk, Hans-Peter Kohler, Iliana V. Kohler Jan 2020

Marital Dissolutions And Changes In Mental Health: Evidence From Rural Malawi, Tyler W. Myroniuk, Hans-Peter Kohler, Iliana V. Kohler

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

Family demographers conducting research in high-income countries have long examined the link between multiple dimensions of marital dissolutions—including discrete events and marital histories—and adverse health outcomes. Research on the relationship between marital dissolutions, marital histories, and health among older adults in sub-Saharan Africa is comparatively limited, and less empirically developed, despite marriage being a paramount cultural and life-course marker on the African continent. Using fixed-effects regressions and 2012 data from the Mature Adults Cohort of the Malawi Longitudinal Study of Families and Health (MLSFH-MAC) linked back to cohort information from 2008 and 2010 available through MLSFH, we test ...


Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs And The Opioid Crisis: Assessment Of State Operating Agency On Reducing Prescription Rates And Opioid Deaths, Maggie M. Wu Jan 2020

Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs And The Opioid Crisis: Assessment Of State Operating Agency On Reducing Prescription Rates And Opioid Deaths, Maggie M. Wu

Wharton Research Scholars

ABSTRACT

Importance: A number of strategies and policies have been implemented to mitigate the opioid crisis, including state Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs (PDMPs) that are used to track and compile patient prescription data. Because PDMPs are run independently by states, different characteristics of PDMPs can impact success rates of the programs in controlling opioid prescriptions and overdose deaths.

Objective: To assess the association between PDMP operating agency type and opioid prescriptions and opioid overdose death rates.

Research Design: The study utilized time-series data provided by the CDC and KFF, which included information for 49 states and Washington D.C. with ...


What Happens When You Let The Hunger Games Loose? An Evaluation Of Temptation Bundling As A Behavior Change For Good Strategy In The Stepup Program, Graelin H. Mandel Jan 2020

What Happens When You Let The Hunger Games Loose? An Evaluation Of Temptation Bundling As A Behavior Change For Good Strategy In The Stepup Program, Graelin H. Mandel

Joseph Wharton Scholars

Temptation bundling, an intervention involving the coupling of instantly gratifying activities with activities that provide long-term benefits but require some exertion of willpower, is a novel behavior change strategy. To date, despite the short and long-term benefits of such an approach, only one study has evaluated its efficacy in the field. This work found that restricting participants’ listening of tempting audiobooks to the gym improved participants’ gym visitation rates. In a subsequent forthcoming mega-study, receipt of a free audiobook, even when participants received no explicit instruction on temptation bundling as a behavior change strategy, again drove improvements in participants’ gym ...


A Microfinance Approach To Healthcare Distribution, Aris Saxena Jan 2020

A Microfinance Approach To Healthcare Distribution, Aris Saxena

Wharton Research Scholars

Microfinance has become a global tool in providing financial support for the world’s most vulnerable. Unfortunately, a lack of stable income sources for these populations results in high rates of default, and thus, high interest rates attached to microfinance loans to compensate. Social enterprises and large corporations alike have launched micro-distribution initiatives that seek to provide local communities with means of transportation along with commercial products through microfinance loans, and in turn, these ‘micro-entrepreneurs’ distribute finished goods in order to overcome the high cost of last-mile distribution for the corporation. While this model has been typically utilized for retail ...


Gingival Mscs Improve Bone Phenotype In Ovariectomy-Induced Osteoporosis Via Programmed Cell Death Pathway, Sultan Alghaithi Dec 2019

Gingival Mscs Improve Bone Phenotype In Ovariectomy-Induced Osteoporosis Via Programmed Cell Death Pathway, Sultan Alghaithi

Dental Theses

Estrogen deficiency-related osteoporosis is a skeletal system disorder that affects women after menopause taking a toll on financial and health institutions. Gingival Mesenchymal Stem cells (GMSCs) are a distinctive population of dental tissue-derived stem cells that possess uniquely high proliferation abilities and are capable of self-maintenance and multipotent differentiation. Their use has been investigated in different disease model applications, including cutaneous wound healing models, colitis, and allergy-related inflammatory disease models, but their effect on the bone phenotype of ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis hasn’t been explored. In our study, we show that a single systemic infusion of GMSCs elevated the bone mass ...


Persistence Of Non-Communicable Diseases, Affluence And Inequality In India, Veena S. Kulkarni, Vani S. Kulkarni, Raghav Gaiha Dec 2019

Persistence Of Non-Communicable Diseases, Affluence And Inequality In India, Veena S. Kulkarni, Vani S. Kulkarni, Raghav Gaiha

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

This study builds on the extant literature by highlighting the persistence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), their cross-associations, and how these diseases are linked to different forms of inequality-socio-economic, gaps in affluence measured by asset quartile, and in the overall economic environment, based on a nation-wide panel survey, India Human Development Survey 2015. A multinomial probit specification is used to analyse NCD outcomes. Those at the bottom of the caste hierarchy and least wealthy exhibit lowest vulnerability to NCDs despite their deprivation and limited access to healthcare facilities while those at the higher end of the caste hierarchy and the wealthiest ...


Determining The Role Of Tlr2 And Tlr3 Synergy From Myd88-Dependent Inflammatory Responses, Hellen Teixeira Dec 2019

Determining The Role Of Tlr2 And Tlr3 Synergy From Myd88-Dependent Inflammatory Responses, Hellen Teixeira

Dental Theses

The function of the adaptor molecule MyD88 is thought to be independent of toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) signaling. This study aimed to identify certain previously unknown roles of MyD88 in TLR3 signaling during the promotion of pro-inflammatory cytokine production. Upon conducting an analysis of all the TLR ligands, it was found that the TLR3-specific ligand polyinosinic: polycytidylic acid (Poly I:C) significantly induced the production of TNF proteins and up-regulation of other TLR transcripts, particularly TLR2. Accordingly, TLR3 stimulation also led to a significant up-regulation of the endogenous TLR2 ligands HMGB1 and Hsp60. In contrast, TLR3 silencing significantly down-regulated MyD88 ...


Socioeconomic Attainments And Suicidal Ideation In South Korea: How Are Young Adults Different From Middle-Aged Adults?, Joongbaeck Kim, Soo-Yeon Yoon Nov 2019

Socioeconomic Attainments And Suicidal Ideation In South Korea: How Are Young Adults Different From Middle-Aged Adults?, Joongbaeck Kim, Soo-Yeon Yoon

Korean Millennials Research Briefs

No abstract provided.


Physician Consolidation And The Spread Of Accountable Care Organizations, Genevieve P. Kanter, Daniel E. Polsky, Rachel M. Werner Nov 2019

Physician Consolidation And The Spread Of Accountable Care Organizations, Genevieve P. Kanter, Daniel E. Polsky, Rachel M. Werner

Research Briefs

Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs) are groups of physicians and hospitals that jointly contract to care for a patient population. ACO contracts incentivize coordination of care across providers. This can lead to greater consolidation of physician practices, which can in turn generate higher costs and lower quality. Given this, the study asks, as ACOs enter health care markets, do physician practices grow larger?


Dextran-Coated Iron Oxide Nanoparticles As Biomimetic Catalysts For Biofilm Disruption And Caries Prevention, Yuan Liu Oct 2019

Dextran-Coated Iron Oxide Nanoparticles As Biomimetic Catalysts For Biofilm Disruption And Caries Prevention, Yuan Liu

Dental Theses

Biofilms are surface-attached bacterial communities embedded within an extracellular matrix that create localized and protected microenvironments. Acidogenic oral biofilms can demineralize the enamel-apatite on teeth, causing dental caries (tooth decay). Current antimicrobials have low efficacy and do not target the protective matrix and acidic pH within the biofilm. Recently, catalytic nanoparticles were shown to disrupt biofilms but lacked a stabilizing coating required for clinical applications. Here, we report dextran-coated iron oxide nanoparticles termed nanozymes (Dex-NZM) that display strong catalytic (peroxidase-like) activity at acidic pH values, target biofilms with high specificity, and prevent severe caries without impacting surrounding oral tissues in ...


Long-Term Care Financing In The United States, Puja Upadhyay, Janet Weiner Oct 2019

Long-Term Care Financing In The United States, Puja Upadhyay, Janet Weiner

Issue Briefs

In the United States, people who need long-term care (LTC) face a system with large gaps in care, which they must rely on friends and family to fill. Medicaid finances the majority of paid LTC, but people must exhaust their resources to qualify. Medicare and private health insurance do not cover LTC, and the private market for long-term care insurance is failing. Unpaid family and friends provide most long-term services, but the value of their services is rarely reflected in debates about LTC financing and delivery. Beyond the value of the services, this system has costs to the economy, as ...


Outcome Of Immediate Versus Delayed Loading Of Full Arch Implant-Supported Fixed Prosthesis: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Chanathip Srisuthep Oct 2019

Outcome Of Immediate Versus Delayed Loading Of Full Arch Implant-Supported Fixed Prosthesis: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Chanathip Srisuthep

Dental Theses

Objective: A systematic review including meta-analysis was conducted to test the null hypothesis of no difference between immediate loading and delayed loading fixed implant-supported restoration for completely edentulous arch in terms of implant failure rates and marginal bone resorption against the alternative hypothesis of a difference.

Materials and methods: An electronic search was undertaken in January 2019. Inclusion criteria including clinical human studies, either randomized or not, studies comparing success, survival, or failure rates of immediately loaded implants with fixed restoration to delayed loaded implants on edentulous jaw, patients who were examined clinically at follow up visits for at least ...


Trust In Hospitals-Evidence From India, Vani S. Kulkarni, Veena S. Kulkarni, Raghav Gaiha Oct 2019

Trust In Hospitals-Evidence From India, Vani S. Kulkarni, Veena S. Kulkarni, Raghav Gaiha

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

Various explanations have been offered for outbursts of violence against doctors and other staff in India, drawing attention to growing supply-demand imbalance in healthcare, quality deterioration, overburdened doctors, weak security for medical staff, high expectations of patients who come in advanced stages of chronic and other illnesses, overcrowding of public hospitals with limited sanitary facilities. But underlying all these explanations is lack of trust in doctors and hospitals-especially public. Our focus here is on trust and its covariates over the period 2005-2012. The motivation stems from the fact that the existing evidence is patchy and scattered. Our aim, therefore, is ...


Health Care Safety-Net Programs After The Affordable Care Act, Mark A. Hall, Janet Weiner Oct 2019

Health Care Safety-Net Programs After The Affordable Care Act, Mark A. Hall, Janet Weiner

Issue Briefs

Prior to the Affordable Care Act (ACA), health care safety-net programs were the primary source of care for over 44 million uninsured people. While the ACA cut the number of uninsured substantially, about 30 million people remain uninsured, and many millions more are vulnerable to out-of-pocket costs beyond their resources. The need for the safety net remains, even as the distribution and types of need have shifted. This brief reviews the effects of the ACA on the funding and operation of safety-net institutions. It highlights the challenges and opportunities that health care reform presents to safety-net programs, and how they ...


The Physiology Of Social-Emotional Learning: Integrating Biomarkers Of Self-Regulation Into The Assessment And Implementation Of Programs, Martin E. Blank Oct 2019

The Physiology Of Social-Emotional Learning: Integrating Biomarkers Of Self-Regulation Into The Assessment And Implementation Of Programs, Martin E. Blank

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

In the last two decades, formalized social-emotional learning (SEL) programs in schools have proliferated in response to a staggering increase in mental, social, and emotional challenges for youth. SEL programs differ in their theoretical foundations, though there are commonalities among them. Self-regulation (SR) surfaces as an important pillar. Researchers have relied mostly on self-reporting and teacher questionnaires to measure the effectiveness of these programs to improve SR and other aspects of youth well-being, without explicitly considering the physiological effects of these interventions on the biomarkers of youth. By addressing this gap, program researchers, developers, and educators can reach their stated ...


Weaving A Colorful Life Tapestry: Serene Gratitude, Post-Traumatic Growth, And Breast Cancer, Courtney B. Daly Sep 2019

Weaving A Colorful Life Tapestry: Serene Gratitude, Post-Traumatic Growth, And Breast Cancer, Courtney B. Daly

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

This literature review will serve as the foundation for a book proposal detailing my own life story. Every life is a beautiful tapestry woven together of colorful threads, each representing a unique component of an individual’s experience. Trauma and adversity of some sort are undoubtedly part of every tapestry, and mine is no different. Using my personal experience with breast cancer, I examine the concept of post-traumatic growth, recognizing that stress and growth often co-exist and do not negate each other. Cancer is widely recognized as a trauma and is unique because of the threat of recurrence, meaning that ...


Employment, Aging And Disease In India, Veena S. Kulkarni, Vani S. Kulkarni, Raghav Gaiha Sep 2019

Employment, Aging And Disease In India, Veena S. Kulkarni, Vani S. Kulkarni, Raghav Gaiha

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

The literature on the associations between NCDs and disabilities, and loss of employment in India is patchy and sparse. Although insightful, these studies are long on economic losses through high out of pocket expenditure (OOP) and cutbacks in non-medical expenditure, but they are short on employment losses. Besides, most are based on not-so-recent data. The present study seeks to fill these gaps using a nation-wide panel survey, the India Human Development Survey 2015, that covers the period between 2005-2012. A state-of-art econometric analysis confirms that substantial employment losses are associated with non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, heart disease and high ...


Reviving Recovery: A Supplemental Approach In Treating Eating Disorders, Amy E. O'Sullivan Sep 2019

Reviving Recovery: A Supplemental Approach In Treating Eating Disorders, Amy E. O'Sullivan

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Eating disorders are bio-psycho-social diseases that affect nearly twenty million women and ten million men in America (National Eating Disorder Association, 2018). They are serious but treatable illnesses that develop when a genetic predisposition is paired with an environmental activation. Out of all mental illnesses, eating disorders have the highest mortality rate, with one person dying as a direct result of an eating disorder every 62 minutes (Smink, Van Hoeken, & Hoek, 2012). Eating disorders adversely affect every aspect of human life, including physical and mental health, intrapersonal and interpersonal relationships, professional pursuits, sense of meaning and purpose, and overall well-being ...