Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Iowa State University

Discipline
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication

Articles 1 - 30 of 142

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Improved Detection By Ensemble-Decision Aliquot Ranking Of Circulating Tumor Cells With Low Numbers Of A Targeted Surface Antigen, Eleanor S. Johnson, Robbyn K. Anand, Daniel T. Chiu Aug 2015

Improved Detection By Ensemble-Decision Aliquot Ranking Of Circulating Tumor Cells With Low Numbers Of A Targeted Surface Antigen, Eleanor S. Johnson, Robbyn K. Anand, Daniel T. Chiu

Robbyn Anand

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are shed from a solid tumor into the bloodstream and can seed new metastases. CTCs hold promise for cancer diagnosis and prognosis and to increase our understanding of the metastatic process. However, their low numbers in blood and varied phenotypic characteristics make their detection and isolation difficult. One source of heterogeneity among CTCs is molecular: When they leave the primary tumor, these cells must undergo a molecular transition, which increases their mobility and chance of survival in the blood. During this molecular transition, the cells lose some of their epithelial character, which is manifested by the …


Hemocyte Differentiation Mediates The Mosquito Late-Phase Immune Response Against Plasmodium In Anopheles Gambiae, Ryan C. Smith, Carolina Barillas-Mury, Marcelo Jacobs-Lorena Jun 2015

Hemocyte Differentiation Mediates The Mosquito Late-Phase Immune Response Against Plasmodium In Anopheles Gambiae, Ryan C. Smith, Carolina Barillas-Mury, Marcelo Jacobs-Lorena

Ryan C. Smith

Plasmodium parasites must complete development in the mosquito vector for transmission to occur. The mosquito innate immune response is remarkably efficient in limiting parasite numbers. Previous work has identified a LPS-induced TNFα transcription factor (LITAF)-like transcription factor, LITAF-like 3 (LL3), which significantly influences parasite numbers. Here, we demonstrate that LL3 does not influence invasion of the mosquito midgut epithelium or ookinete-to-oocyst differentiation but mediates a late-phase immune response that decreases oocyst survival. LL3 expression in the midgut and hemocytes is activated by ookinete midgut invasion and is independent of the mosquito microbiota, suggesting that LL3 may be a component of …


Repeated Stressors In Adulthood Increase The Rate Of Biological Ageing, Michaela Hau, Mark F. Haussmann, Timothy J. Greives, Christa Matlack, David Costantini, Michael Quetting, James S. Adelman, Ana C. Miranda, Jesko Partecke Jan 2015

Repeated Stressors In Adulthood Increase The Rate Of Biological Ageing, Michaela Hau, Mark F. Haussmann, Timothy J. Greives, Christa Matlack, David Costantini, Michael Quetting, James S. Adelman, Ana C. Miranda, Jesko Partecke

James S. Adelman

Individuals of the same age can differ substantially in the degree to which they have accumulated tissue damage, akin to bodily wear and tear, from past experiences. This accumulated tissue damage reflects the individual’s biological age and may better predict physiological and behavioural performance than the individual‘s chronological age. However, at present it remains unclear how to reliably assess biological age in individual wild vertebrates. We exposed hand-raised adult Eurasian blackbirds (Turdus merula) to a combination of repeated immune and disturbance stressors for over one year to determine the effects of chronic stress on potential biomarkers of biological ageing including …


Large Interdomain Rearrangement Triggered By Suppression Of Micro- To Millisecond Dynamics In Bacterial ​Enzyme I, Vincenzo Venditti, Vitali Tugarinov, Charles D. Schwieters, Alexander Grishaev, G. Marius Clore Jan 2015

Large Interdomain Rearrangement Triggered By Suppression Of Micro- To Millisecond Dynamics In Bacterial ​Enzyme I, Vincenzo Venditti, Vitali Tugarinov, Charles D. Schwieters, Alexander Grishaev, G. Marius Clore

Vincenzo Venditti

Enzyme I (EI), the first component of the bacterial phosphotransfer signal transduction system, undergoes one of the largest substrate-induced interdomain rearrangements documented to date. Here we characterize the perturbations generated by two small molecules, the natural substrate phosphoenolpyruvate and the inhibitor a-ketoglutarate, on the structure and dynamics of EI using NMR, small-angle X-ray scattering and biochemical techniques. The results indicate unambiguously that the open-to-closed conformational switch of EI is triggered by complete suppression of micro- to millisecond dynamics within the C-terminal domain of EI. Indeed, we show that a ligand-induced transition from a dynamic to a more rigid conformational state …


Evaluation Of A Health Education Program About Traumatic Brain Injury, Jane Mertz Garcia, Debra M. Sellers, Amy E. Hilgendorf, Debra L. Burnett Sep 2014

Evaluation Of A Health Education Program About Traumatic Brain Injury, Jane Mertz Garcia, Debra M. Sellers, Amy E. Hilgendorf, Debra L. Burnett

Debra M. Sellers

Objective: Our aim was to evaluate a health education programme (TBIoptions: Promoting Knowledge) designed to increase public awareness and understanding about traumatic brain injury (TBI) through in-person (classroom) and computer-based (electronic) learning environments. Design: We used a pre-post survey design with randomization of participants to classroom (N = 22) or electronic (N = 22) delivery of the programme, in classroom and computer laboratory settings on the campus of Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS. Method: Forty-four participants rated areas of knowledge about TBI prior to and after the programme experience. They also rated health programme quality and instructional strategies (e.g. video …


The Plasmodium Bottleneck: Malaria Parasite Losses In The Mosquito Vector, Ryan C. Smith, Joel Vega-Rodríguez, Marcelo Jacobs-Lorena Aug 2014

The Plasmodium Bottleneck: Malaria Parasite Losses In The Mosquito Vector, Ryan C. Smith, Joel Vega-Rodríguez, Marcelo Jacobs-Lorena

Ryan C. Smith

Nearly one million people are killed every year by the malaria parasite Plasmodium. Although the disease-causing forms of the parasite exist only in the human blood, mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles are the obligate vector for transmission. Here, we review the parasite life cycle in the vector and highlight the human and mosquito contributions that limit malaria parasite development in the mosquito host. We address parasite killing in its mosquito host and bottlenecks in parasite numbers that might guide intervention strategies to prevent transmission.


Immunization Against A Merozoite Sheddase Promotes Multiple Invasion Of Red Blood Cells And Attenuates Plasmodium Infection In Mice, Ryan C. Smith, Daisy D. Colón-López, Jürgen Bosch Aug 2014

Immunization Against A Merozoite Sheddase Promotes Multiple Invasion Of Red Blood Cells And Attenuates Plasmodium Infection In Mice, Ryan C. Smith, Daisy D. Colón-López, Jürgen Bosch

Ryan C. Smith

Subtilisin-like protease 2 (SUB2) is a conserved serine protease utilized by Plasmodium parasites as a surface sheddase required for successful merozoite invasion of host red blood cells and has been implicated in ookinete invasion of the mosquito midgut. To determine if SUB2 is a suitable vaccine target to interfere with malaria parasite development, the effects of SUB2-immunization on the Plasmodium life cycle were examined in its vertebrate and invertebrate hosts. Swiss Webster mice were immunized with SUB2 peptides conjugated to Keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) or KLH alone, and then challenged with Plasmodium berghei. To determine the effects of immunization on …


Intraocular Pressure Changes In Equine Athletes During Endurance Competitions, Rachel A. Allbaugh, Susan M. Keil, Zhining Ou, Nora M. Bello Jul 2014

Intraocular Pressure Changes In Equine Athletes During Endurance Competitions, Rachel A. Allbaugh, Susan M. Keil, Zhining Ou, Nora M. Bello

Rachel A. Allbaugh

Objective To assess intraocular pressure (IOP) in conditioned equine athletes and document changes with exercise. A secondary objective was to assess associations between IOP and heart rate, as well as with other subjective physical parameters.

Sample Population Horses were evaluated during 50 mile endurance ride competitions. Data were collected on 69 horses during 5 different competitions at 3 different locations with 59 horses ridden once, 9 horses ridden in two competitions, and 1 horse ridden in three competitions for a total of 80 horse-ride combinations.

Procedures Intraocular pressure was measured using a TonoVet® tonometer in both eyes of each horse …


Linking Social Behavior And Stress Physiology In Feral Mares (Equus Caballus): Group Transfers Elevate Fecal Cortisol Levels, Cassandra M.V. Nuñez, James S. Adelman, Jessica Smith, Laurence Gesquiere, Daniel I. Rubenstein Jan 2014

Linking Social Behavior And Stress Physiology In Feral Mares (Equus Caballus): Group Transfers Elevate Fecal Cortisol Levels, Cassandra M.V. Nuñez, James S. Adelman, Jessica Smith, Laurence Gesquiere, Daniel I. Rubenstein

Cassandra M.V. Nuñez

Feral horses (Equus caballus) have a complex social structure, the stability of which is important to their overall health. Behavioral and demographic research has shown that decreases in group (or band) stability reduce female fitness, but the potential effects on the physiological stress response have not been demonstrated. To fully understand how band stability affects group-member fitness, we need to understand not only behavioral and demographic, but also physiological consequences of decreases to that stability. We studied group changes in feral mares (an activity that induces instability, including both male and female aggression) on Shackleford Banks, NC. We found that …


Linking Social Environment And Stress Physiology In Feral Mares (Equus Caballus): Group Transfers Elevate Fecal Cortisol Levels, Cassandra M.V. Nuñez, James S. Adelman, Jessica Smith, Laurence R. Gesquiere, Daniel I. Rubenstein Jan 2014

Linking Social Environment And Stress Physiology In Feral Mares (Equus Caballus): Group Transfers Elevate Fecal Cortisol Levels, Cassandra M.V. Nuñez, James S. Adelman, Jessica Smith, Laurence R. Gesquiere, Daniel I. Rubenstein

Cassandra M.V. Nuñez

Feral horses (Equus caballus) have a complex social structure, the stability of which is important to their overall health. Behavioral and demographic research has shown that decreases in group (or band) stability reduce female fitness, but the potential effects on the physiological stress response have not been demonstrated. To fully understand how band stability affects group-member fitness, we need to understand not only behavioral and demographic, but also physiological consequences of decreases to that stability. We studied group changes in feral mares (an activity that induces instability, including both male and female aggression) on Shackleford Banks, NC. We found that …


A Nmr Experiment For Simultaneous Correlations Of Valine And Leucine/Isoleucine Methyls With Carbonyl Chemical Shifts In Proteins, Vitali Tugarinov, Vincenzo Venditti, G. Marius Clore Jan 2014

A Nmr Experiment For Simultaneous Correlations Of Valine And Leucine/Isoleucine Methyls With Carbonyl Chemical Shifts In Proteins, Vitali Tugarinov, Vincenzo Venditti, G. Marius Clore

Vincenzo Venditti

A methyl-detected ‘out-and-back’ NMR experiment for obtaining simultaneous correlations of methyl resonances of valine and isoleucine/leucine residues with backbone carbonyl chemical shifts, SIM-HMCM(CGCBCA)CO, is described. The developed pulse-scheme serves the purpose of convenience in recording a single data set for all Ileδ1, Leuδ and Valγ (ILV) methyl positions instead of acquiring two separate spectra selective for valine or leucine/isoleucine residues. The SIM-HMCM(CGCBCA)CO experiment can be used for ILV methyl assignments in moderately sized protein systems (up to ~100 kDa) where the backbone chemical shifts of 13Cα, 13Cβ and 13CO are known from prior NMR studies and where some losses in …


Development Of A Safety Decision-Making Scenario To Measure Worker Safety In Agriculture, Gretchen A. Mosher Dr., Nir Keren Dr., Steven A. Freeman Dr., Charles R. Hurburgh Dr. Jan 2014

Development Of A Safety Decision-Making Scenario To Measure Worker Safety In Agriculture, Gretchen A. Mosher Dr., Nir Keren Dr., Steven A. Freeman Dr., Charles R. Hurburgh Dr.

Gretchen A. Mosher

No abstract provided.


A Free-Ranging, Feral Mare Equus Caballus Affords Similar Maternal Care To Her Genetic And Adopted Offspring, Cassandra M.V. Nuñez, James S. Adelman, Daniel I. Rubenstein Nov 2013

A Free-Ranging, Feral Mare Equus Caballus Affords Similar Maternal Care To Her Genetic And Adopted Offspring, Cassandra M.V. Nuñez, James S. Adelman, Daniel I. Rubenstein

Cassandra M.V. Nuñez

Adoption of nongenetic offspring occurs in a variety of species but is rare in equids. We report a case of adoption by a free-ranging, feral mare Equus caballus and compare the maternal care received by her genetic offspring (born 1995) to that of her adopted offspring (born 1996) for the first 30 weeks of development. We compare five measures of care: (1) total time spent suckling, (2) mare aggression during suckling, (3) number of mare-terminated suckling bouts, (4) contact maintenance, and (5) mare-foal distance. For most behaviors, we detected no difference in the mare’s treatment of the two foals; however, …


Transgenic Mosquitoes Expressing A Phospholipase A(2) Gene Have A Fitness Advantage When Fed Plasmodium Falciparum-Infected Blood, Ryan C. Smith, Christopher Kizito, Jason L. Rasgon, Marcelo Jacobs-Lorena Oct 2013

Transgenic Mosquitoes Expressing A Phospholipase A(2) Gene Have A Fitness Advantage When Fed Plasmodium Falciparum-Infected Blood, Ryan C. Smith, Christopher Kizito, Jason L. Rasgon, Marcelo Jacobs-Lorena

Ryan C. Smith

Genetically modified mosquitoes have been proposed as an alternative strategy to reduce the heavy burden of malaria. In recent years, several proof-of-principle experiments have been performed that validate the idea that mosquitoes can be genetically modified to become refractory to malaria parasite development. We have created two transgenic lines of Anophelesstephensi, a natural vector of Plasmodium falciparum, which constitutively secrete a catalytically inactive phospholipase A2 (mPLA2) into the midgut lumen to interfere with Plasmodium ookinete invasion. Our experiments show that both transgenic lines expressing mPLA2 significantly impair the development of rodent malaria parasites, but only one line impairs the development …


The Genome And Developmental Transcriptome Of The Strongylid Nematode Haemonchus Contortus, Erich M. Schwarz, Pasi K. Korhonen, Bronwyn E. Campbell, Neil D. Young, Aaron R. Jex, Abdul Jabbar, Ross S. Hall, Alinda Mondal, Adina C. Howe, Jason Pell, Andreas Hofmann, Peter R. Boag, Xing-Quan Zhu, T. Ryan Gregory, Alex Loukas, Brian A. Williams, Igor Antoshechkin, C. Titus Brown, Paul W. Sternberg, Robin B. Gasser Aug 2013

The Genome And Developmental Transcriptome Of The Strongylid Nematode Haemonchus Contortus, Erich M. Schwarz, Pasi K. Korhonen, Bronwyn E. Campbell, Neil D. Young, Aaron R. Jex, Abdul Jabbar, Ross S. Hall, Alinda Mondal, Adina C. Howe, Jason Pell, Andreas Hofmann, Peter R. Boag, Xing-Quan Zhu, T. Ryan Gregory, Alex Loukas, Brian A. Williams, Igor Antoshechkin, C. Titus Brown, Paul W. Sternberg, Robin B. Gasser

Adina Howe

Background The barber's pole worm, Haemonchus contortus, is one of the most economically important parasites of small ruminants worldwide. Although this parasite can be controlled using anthelmintic drugs, resistance against most drugs in common use has become a widespread problem. We provide a draft of the genome and the transcriptomes of all key developmental stages of H. contortus to support biological and biotechnological research areas of this and related parasites. Results The draft genome of H. contortus is 320 Mb in size and encodes 23,610 protein-coding genes. On a fundamental level, we elucidate transcriptional alterations taking place throughout the life …


House Finch Populations Differ In Early Inflammatory Signaling And Pathogen Tolerance At The Peak Of Mycoplasma Gallisepticum Infection, James S. Adelman, Laila Kirkpatrick, Jessica L. Grodio, Dana M. Hawley May 2013

House Finch Populations Differ In Early Inflammatory Signaling And Pathogen Tolerance At The Peak Of Mycoplasma Gallisepticum Infection, James S. Adelman, Laila Kirkpatrick, Jessica L. Grodio, Dana M. Hawley

James S. Adelman

Host individuals and populations often vary in their responses to infection, with direct consequences for pathogen spread and evolution. While considerable work has focused on the mechanisms underlying differences in resistance—the ability to kill pathogens— we know little about the mechanisms underlying tolerance— the ability to minimize fitness losses per unit pathogen. Here, we examine patterns and mechanisms of tolerance between two populations of house finches (Haemorhous [formerly Carpodacus] mexicanus) with different histories with the bacterial pathogen Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG). After infection in a common environment, we assessed two metrics of pathology, mass loss and eye lesion severity, as proxies …


Enterobacter-Activated Mosquito Immune Responses To Plasmodium Involve Activation Of Srpn6 In Anopheles Stephensi, Ryan C. Smith, Abraham G. Eappen, Marcelo Jacobs-Lorena May 2013

Enterobacter-Activated Mosquito Immune Responses To Plasmodium Involve Activation Of Srpn6 In Anopheles Stephensi, Ryan C. Smith, Abraham G. Eappen, Marcelo Jacobs-Lorena

Ryan C. Smith

Successful development of Plasmodium in the mosquito is essential for the transmission of malaria. A major bottleneck in parasite numbers occurs during midgut invasion, partly as a consequence of the complex interactions between the endogenous microbiota and the mosquito immune response. We previously identified SRPN6 as an immune component which restricts Plasmodium berghei development in the mosquito. Here we demonstrate that SRPN6 is differentially activated by bacteria in Anopheles stephensi, but only when bacteria exposure occurs on the lumenal surface of the midgut epithelium. Our data indicate that AsSRPN6 is strongly induced following exposure to Enterobacter cloacae, a common component …


45-Year Trends In Women's Use Of Time And Household Management Energy Expenditure., Edward Archer, Robin P. Shook, Diana M. Thomas, Timothy S. Church, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, James R. Hebert, Kerry L. Mciver, Gregory A. Hand, Carl J. Lavie, Steven N. Blair Feb 2013

45-Year Trends In Women's Use Of Time And Household Management Energy Expenditure., Edward Archer, Robin P. Shook, Diana M. Thomas, Timothy S. Church, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, James R. Hebert, Kerry L. Mciver, Gregory A. Hand, Carl J. Lavie, Steven N. Blair

Robin Shook

Context: Relationships between socio-environmental factors and obesity are poorly understood due to a dearth of longitudinal population-level research. The objective of this analysis was to examine 45-year trends in time-use, household management (HM) and energy expenditure in women. Design and Participants: Using national time-use data from women 19–64 years of age, we quantified time allocation and household management energy expenditure (HMEE) from 1965 to 2010. HM was defined as the sum of time spent in food preparation, post-meal cleaning activities (e.g., dish-washing), clothing maintenance (e.g., laundry), and general housework. HMEE was calculated using body weights from national surveys and metabolic …


Structural Basis For Enzyme I Inhibition By Α-Ketoglutarate, Vincenzo Venditti, Rodolfo Ghirlando, G. Marius Clore Jan 2013

Structural Basis For Enzyme I Inhibition By Α-Ketoglutarate, Vincenzo Venditti, Rodolfo Ghirlando, G. Marius Clore

Vincenzo Venditti

Creating new bacterial strains in which carbon and nitrogen metabolism are uncoupled is potentially very useful for optimizing yields of microbial produced chemicals from renewable carbon sources. However, the mechanisms that balance carbon and nitrogen consumption in bacteria are poorly understood. Recently, α-ketoglutarate (αKG), the carbon substrate for ammonia assimilation, has been observed to inhibit Escherichia coli enzyme I (EI), the first component of the bacterial phosphotransferase system (PTS), thereby providing a direct biochemical link between central carbon and nitrogen metabolism. Here we investigate the EI-αKG interaction by NMR and enzymatic assays. We show that αKG binds with a KD …


Structure, Dynamics And Biophysics Of The Cytoplasmic Protein–Protein Complexes Of The Bacterial Phosphoenolpyruvate: Sugar Phosphotransferase System, Vincenzo Venditti Jan 2013

Structure, Dynamics And Biophysics Of The Cytoplasmic Protein–Protein Complexes Of The Bacterial Phosphoenolpyruvate: Sugar Phosphotransferase System, Vincenzo Venditti

Vincenzo Venditti

The bacterial phosphotransferase system (PTS) couples phosphoryl transfer, via a series of bimolecular protein–protein interactions, to sugar transport across the membrane. The multitude of complexes in the PTS provides a paradigm for studying protein interactions, and for understanding how the same binding surface can specifically recognize a diverse array of targets. Fifteen years of work aimed at solving the solution structures of all soluble protein–protein complexes of the PTS has served as a test bed for developing NMR and integrated hybrid approaches to study larger complexes in solution and to probe transient, spectroscopically invisible states, including encounter complexes. We review …


New Generation Of Ensemble-Decision Aliquot Ranking Based On Simplified Microfluidic Components For Large-Capacity Trapping Of Circulating Tumor Cells, Mengxia Zhao, Wyatt C. Nelson, Bingchuan Wei, Perry G. Schiro, Bejan M. Hakimi, Eleanor S. Johnson, Robbyn K. Anand, Grace S. Gyurkey, Lisa M. White, Samuel H. Whiting, Andrew L. Coveler, Daniel T. Chiu Jan 2013

New Generation Of Ensemble-Decision Aliquot Ranking Based On Simplified Microfluidic Components For Large-Capacity Trapping Of Circulating Tumor Cells, Mengxia Zhao, Wyatt C. Nelson, Bingchuan Wei, Perry G. Schiro, Bejan M. Hakimi, Eleanor S. Johnson, Robbyn K. Anand, Grace S. Gyurkey, Lisa M. White, Samuel H. Whiting, Andrew L. Coveler, Daniel T. Chiu

Robbyn Anand

Ensemble-decision aliquot ranking (eDAR) is a sensitive and high-throughput method to analyze circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from peripheral blood. Here, we report the next generation of eDAR, where we designed and optimized a new hydrodynamic switching scheme for the active sorting step in eDAR, which provided fast cell sorting with an improved reproducibility and stability. The microfluidic chip was also simplified by incorporating a functional area for subsequent purification using microslits fabricated by standard lithography method. Using the reported second generation of eDAR, we were able to analyze 1 mL of whole-blood samples in 12.5 min, with a 95% recovery …


Regulation Of Anti-Plasmodium Immunity By A Litaf-Like Transcription Factor In The Malaria Vector Anopheles Gambiae, Ryan C. Smith, Abraham G. Eappen, Andrea J. Radtke, Marcelo Jacobs-Lorena Oct 2012

Regulation Of Anti-Plasmodium Immunity By A Litaf-Like Transcription Factor In The Malaria Vector Anopheles Gambiae, Ryan C. Smith, Abraham G. Eappen, Andrea J. Radtke, Marcelo Jacobs-Lorena

Ryan C. Smith

The mosquito is the obligate vector for malaria transmission. To complete its development within the mosquito, the malaria parasite Plasmodium must overcome the protective action of the mosquito innate immune system. Here we report on the involvement of the Anopheles gambiae orthologue of a conserved component of the vertebrate immune system, LPS-induced TNFα transcription factor (LITAF), and its role in mosquito anti-Plasmodium immunity. An. gambiae LITAF-like 3 (LL3) expression is up-regulated in response to midgut invasion by both rodent and human malaria parasites. Silencing of LL3 expression greatly increases parasite survival, indicating that LL3 is part of an anti-Plasmodium defense …


Create Change Through Knowledge About Traumatic Brain Injury (Tbi), Debra M. Sellers Aug 2012

Create Change Through Knowledge About Traumatic Brain Injury (Tbi), Debra M. Sellers

Debra M. Sellers

Fact sheet about traumatic brain injury. Describes types of injuries, risk groups, physical, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral changes. Consequences affect relationships, daily living and work. Communities and individuals can help survivors adjust.


Create A Supportive Community For People Who Experience Traumatic Brain Injury (Tbi), Debra M. Sellers Aug 2012

Create A Supportive Community For People Who Experience Traumatic Brain Injury (Tbi), Debra M. Sellers

Debra M. Sellers

Community tip sheet to help people with traumatic brain injuries.


Create Positive Differences For People Who Experience Traumatic Brain Injuries, Debra M. Sellers Aug 2012

Create Positive Differences For People Who Experience Traumatic Brain Injuries, Debra M. Sellers

Debra M. Sellers

Individual tip sheet to help those who work with people with traumatic brain injuries.


Bean And Rice Meals Reduce Postprandial Glycemic Response In Adults With Type 2 Diabetes: A Cross-Over Study, Sharon V. Thompson, Donna M. Winham, Andrea M. Hutchins Apr 2012

Bean And Rice Meals Reduce Postprandial Glycemic Response In Adults With Type 2 Diabetes: A Cross-Over Study, Sharon V. Thompson, Donna M. Winham, Andrea M. Hutchins

Donna Winham

Background: Around the world, beans and rice are commonly consumed together as a meal. With type 2 diabetes increasing, the effect of this traditional diet pattern on glycemic response has not been studied fully. Methods: We evaluated the glycemic response of bean and rice traditional meals compared to rice alone in adults with type 2 diabetes. Seventeen men and women with type 2 diabetes controlled by metformin (n = 14) or diet/exercise (n=3) aged 35–70 years participated in the randomized 4 × 4 crossover trial. The white long grain rice control, pinto beans/rice, black beans/rice, red kidney beans/rice test meals, …


Traumatic Brain Injury: Exploring The Role Of Cooperative Extension In Kansas Communities, Debra M. Sellers, Jane Mertz Garcia Apr 2012

Traumatic Brain Injury: Exploring The Role Of Cooperative Extension In Kansas Communities, Debra M. Sellers, Jane Mertz Garcia

Debra M. Sellers

TBIoptions helps survivors of traumatic brain injury and their families identify, locate, and contact helpful organizations in their local communities to promote successful living. This article discusses the role of county agents in the program and the support offered by community partners. Results of pre- and post-surveys for both groups are reported. The research provides information regarding changes in knowledge and noteworthy outcomes for participating agents and community partners. Through engagement in the issue of traumatic brain injury, Extension is better positioned to meet the needs of survivors, family members, and caregivers within Kansas.


Living Wills In Kansas, Debra M. Sellers, Erin J. Dittman Mar 2012

Living Wills In Kansas, Debra M. Sellers, Erin J. Dittman

Debra M. Sellers

A living will allows you to record in writing, what type of care you want at the end of your life, if you have a terminal illness.


Durable Power Of Attorney For Health Care In Kansas, Debra M. Sellers, Erin J. Dittman Mar 2012

Durable Power Of Attorney For Health Care In Kansas, Debra M. Sellers, Erin J. Dittman

Debra M. Sellers

Name a person authorized to make your health care decisions for you, when you are not capable of making decisions for yourself, with a Durable Power of Attorney.


Advanced Directives In Kansas, Debra M. Sellers, Erin J. Dittman Mar 2012

Advanced Directives In Kansas, Debra M. Sellers, Erin J. Dittman

Debra M. Sellers

Advance directives are documents to state how you want to be cared for at the end of your life: durable power of attorney for health care and living will.