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Articles 1891 - 1904 of 1904

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Body Image And Dietary Behaviours: A Study Of Female Adolescents And Non-Athletes, Vanessa Margaret Peterson Jan 2003

Body Image And Dietary Behaviours: A Study Of Female Adolescents And Non-Athletes, Vanessa Margaret Peterson

Theses

Research has shown that elite female athletes competing in competitive sports may experience weight consciousness and face demands to conform to unrealistic standards of body weight. The purpose of this research was to investigate body image and dieting behaviours in adolescent female athletes and non-athletes. A self-reporting questionnaire was administered to 60 athletes aged between 13-16 years derived from eight different sporting populations, and a control group consisting of 60 non-athletes or inactive individuals aged between 13-16 years. Two major areas relating to weight and eating behaviours were examined: disordered eating and distorted body image. Other variables under investigation included ...


The Role Of Attachment In A Time-Limited Marital Therapy: Implications For Practice And Treatment, Coral Brown Oct 2002

The Role Of Attachment In A Time-Limited Marital Therapy: Implications For Practice And Treatment, Coral Brown

Theses

The present study investigates the role of attachment in a time-limited marital therapy. The study explores Brief Contextual Modular Psychotherapy (BCMT). This approach to practice provides a model that integrates principles and techniques from the major psychotherapies. BCMT can be distinguished from other brief therapies by its theoretical integration, its six-session time limit, its specific clinical focus, and its techniques for dealing with dissatisfaction and distress. The therapy sets out practice modules—six-session treatment plans—for a diverse range of presenting issues such as the anxiety disorders, depression, trauma, loss and grief, marriage and the phobias. BCMT emphasises the collaboration ...


Bone Mineral Density In Adolescent Female Athletes: Relationship To Exercise Type And Muscle Strength, Craig S. Duncan, Cameron J. Blimkie, Christopher T. Cowell, Stephen Burke, Julie N. Briody, Robert Giles-Howman Jan 2002

Bone Mineral Density In Adolescent Female Athletes: Relationship To Exercise Type And Muscle Strength, Craig S. Duncan, Cameron J. Blimkie, Christopher T. Cowell, Stephen Burke, Julie N. Briody, Robert Giles-Howman

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Purpose: This study investigated the influence of different exercise types and differences in anatomical distribution of mechanical loading patterns on bone mineral density (BMD) in elite female cyclists, runners, swimmers, triathletes, and controls (N = 15 per group). Associations between leg strength and BMD were also examined.

Methods: Areal BMD (g·cm−2) was assessed by duel-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) (total body (TB), lumbar spine (LS), femoral neck (FN), legs, and arms). Right knee flexion and extension strength was measured using a Cybex Norm isokinetic dynamometer at 60°·s−1.

Results: Runners had significantly higher unadjusted TB, LS, FN, and leg ...


The Rising Prevalence Of Diabetes And Impaired Glucose Tolerance : The Australian Diabetes, Obesity And Lifestyle Study, David Dunstan, Paul Zimmet, Timothy Welborn, Maximilian De Courten, Adrian Cameron, Richard Sicree, Terry Dwyer, Stephen Colagiuri, Damien Jolley, Matthew Knuiman, Robert Atkins, Jonathan Shaw Jan 2002

The Rising Prevalence Of Diabetes And Impaired Glucose Tolerance : The Australian Diabetes, Obesity And Lifestyle Study, David Dunstan, Paul Zimmet, Timothy Welborn, Maximilian De Courten, Adrian Cameron, Richard Sicree, Terry Dwyer, Stephen Colagiuri, Damien Jolley, Matthew Knuiman, Robert Atkins, Jonathan Shaw

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Objective: To determine the population-based prevalence of diabetes and other categories of glucose intolerance (impaired glucose tolerance [IGT] and impaired fasting glucose [IFG]) in Australia and to compare the prevalence with previous Australian data.


High-Intensity Resistance Training Improves Glycemic Control In Older Patients With Type 2 Diabetes, David Dunstan, Robin Daly, Neville Owen, Damien Jolley, Maximilian De Courten, Jonathan Shaw, Paul Zimmet Jan 2002

High-Intensity Resistance Training Improves Glycemic Control In Older Patients With Type 2 Diabetes, David Dunstan, Robin Daly, Neville Owen, Damien Jolley, Maximilian De Courten, Jonathan Shaw, Paul Zimmet

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Objective: To examine the effect of high-intensity progressive resistance training combined with moderate weight loss on glycemic control and body composition in older patients with type 2 diabetes.


The Emotional Congruence Of Experience And Bodily Change, Matthew Reeder Dec 2001

The Emotional Congruence Of Experience And Bodily Change, Matthew Reeder

Theses

This study examined the association of the experience of emotion and somatic changes. The study compared reported somatic changes generally experienced when anxious with the actual association of the experience of emotion and somatic changes as measured during a specific event. Emotions were measured as both general negative emotion as well as specific emotions: anger, disgust, fear, sadness and shame. Participants were volunteers from a Victorian university who agreed to watch a video depicting the dramatisation of child abuse. Throughout the video, participants indicated their experience of emotion. Measures were also taken throughout the procedure of facial expression and Galvanic ...


Frequency Of In Season Strength And Power Training For Rugby League, Haydn John Masters Mar 2001

Frequency Of In Season Strength And Power Training For Rugby League, Haydn John Masters

Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the contribution of different in-season strength and power training frequencies to strength and power performance over the course of a 22 week rugby league competition period.


Characteristics Of Adults With Advanced Hiv/Aids Referred To Community Nurses, Adrienne Lucey Mar 2001

Characteristics Of Adults With Advanced Hiv/Aids Referred To Community Nurses, Adrienne Lucey

Theses

Community nurses have a critical role in caring for people and families affected by HIV/AIDS in the home setting. Despite this, there is a dearth of Australian literature describing the health needs of these clients who are referred to them. This study identified the demographic, clinical and psychoemotional aspects of adult clients with HIV/AIDS in Sydney, Australia, who were referred to community nurses and died between 1993 and 1995. Retrospective data from the records of 73 clients identified on 171 Community Nursing Referral Forms completed within the study period from an inpatient HIV/AIDS Unit was analysed using ...


Waiting: A Critical Experience, Amber Van Dreven Feb 2001

Waiting: A Critical Experience, Amber Van Dreven

Theses

This study explores the experiences of relatives waiting. Often relatives wait for considerably long periods, especially in critical care areas, whilst their loved one, whose health status is unknown, receives care. To explore these experiences and to understand the symbolic meaning behind the participants' stories, a grounded theory approach was utilised which is firmly rooted in the sociological theory of symbolic interactionism. A qualitative approach was employed in order to yield a rich description of the human experience often not found in quantitative studies (Jamerson, Scheibmeir, Bott, Crighton, Hinton and Kuckelman, 1996, p. 468). Similarly, the use of feminist principles ...


The Theory Practice Interface: A Case Study Of Experienced Nurses' Perceptions Of Their Role As Clinical Teachers, Heather Joy Beattie Jan 2001

The Theory Practice Interface: A Case Study Of Experienced Nurses' Perceptions Of Their Role As Clinical Teachers, Heather Joy Beattie

Theses

This research explores how experienced nurses perceive their role as clinical teachers in an environment that is challenged not only with on-going changes in healthcare delivery, but also by the expectation that it will continue to provide positive clinical learning opportunities for undergraduate student nurses.


Hydostatic And Thermal Influences On Intravascular Volume Determination During Immersion: Quantification Of The F-Cell Ratio, Christopher James Gordon Jan 2001

Hydostatic And Thermal Influences On Intravascular Volume Determination During Immersion: Quantification Of The F-Cell Ratio, Christopher James Gordon

Theses

Previous data have shown that the most prevalent, indirect plasma volume (PV) measurement technique, which utilises changes in haematocrit (Hct) and haemoglobin concentration ([Hb]), underestimates actual PV changes during immersion, when compared to a direct tracer-dilution method. An increase in the F-cell ratio (whole-body haematocrit (Hctw) to large-vessel haematocrit (Hctv) ratio) has been purported as a possible explanation, probably due to hydrostatic and thermally-mediated changes during water immersion. Previous investigators have not quantified the F-cell ratio during immersion. Therefore, this study sought to determine the effect of the F-cell ratio on the indirect method during both, thermoneutral and cold-water immersions ...


Holistic Perspective Of Depression And Anxiety Among A Community Palliative Care Population, Peta K. Mcvey Nov 1998

Holistic Perspective Of Depression And Anxiety Among A Community Palliative Care Population, Peta K. Mcvey

Theses

Palliative care patients can experience a wide range of physical and psychological symptoms. Depression and anxiety are two psychological problems reported to occur in palliative care patients (Massie, 1989). With the increasing trend towards community care, approaches to identify and explore psychological symptoms are necessary. This study set out to explore and describe the extent and associated risk factors which contribute to the development of depression and anxiety among a community palliative care population. The impact of depression and anxiety as experienced by seven community palliative care patients was explored. The findings from this research highlight the fact that depression ...


Experiencing Humour: A Critical Care Phenomenon, Jan Skinner Nov 1997

Experiencing Humour: A Critical Care Phenomenon, Jan Skinner

Theses

Humour, whilst frequently occurring within the Critical Care environment, has been traditionally viewed as both macabre and in poor taste. However, for the Registered Nurse working in this setting, humour plays a vital role in the day to day functioning at the unit level, and is identified as an important component in the development of interpersonal relationships between both co-workers and clients. Therefore, by describing this experience, the thesis seeks to elucidate this concept of humour and the experience of this phenomenon for the Registered Nurse working within the Critical Care environment.

On reviewing the literature it becomes evident that ...


Explicating Practice Knowledge: A Hermeneutic Inquiry Into Adolescent Mental Health Nursing, Rene Geanellos Aug 1997

Explicating Practice Knowledge: A Hermeneutic Inquiry Into Adolescent Mental Health Nursing, Rene Geanellos

Theses

Through this hermeneutic study I sought to explicate the practice knowledge of nursing on residential adolescent mental health units. I did this by seeking to understand what nurse's and adolescent's stories of nursing, or being nursed, revealed about the knowledge informing practice within that context. Seven nurses and seven young people shared their experiences. Taped and written stories, and survey material, provided texts for analysis and interpretation. As stories centred around specific nurse-adolescent interactions they pointed to the knowledge informing practice within those encounters. Thus, practice knowledge was explicated through interpretation of the actual experiences of nurses and ...