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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Gait Characteristics And Falls In Parkinson's Disease: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis [Accepted Manuscript], Mark W. Creaby, Michael H. Cole Dec 2018

Gait Characteristics And Falls In Parkinson's Disease: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis [Accepted Manuscript], Mark W. Creaby, Michael H. Cole

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Introduction: Given the high rate of falls during walking in people with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD), identifying at risk individuals and developing targeted interventions to reduce falls incidence is paramount. Numerous studies have investigated gait-related risk factors for falls in PD, however findings are inconsistent across studies, and thus a synthesis of the current evidence is needed to guide clinical practice and the development of interventions to reduce falls risk. The objective of this study was to systematically review the literature regarding the association between walking biomechanics and falls in people with PD, and where possible, perform meta-analyses. Methods ...


The Contribution Of The Neighbourhood Environment To The Relationship Between Neighbourhood Disadvantage And Physical Function Among Middle-Aged To Older Adults, Hui Yee Loh Jun 2018

The Contribution Of The Neighbourhood Environment To The Relationship Between Neighbourhood Disadvantage And Physical Function Among Middle-Aged To Older Adults, Hui Yee Loh

Theses

Background

With the continuing increases in life expectancies in developed countries, an important public health goal is to ensure successful ageing—morbidity compression, maintenance of physical functioning and active engagement in life. It is well established that the onset of physical function decline begins in mid-life, and functional capacity is critical to maintaining mobility, independence and quality of life. A growing body of literature has found that residents of more disadvantaged neighbourhoods have significantly poorer physical function, independent of individual-level factors. However, the mechanisms through which neighbourhood environments are associated with this relationship remain largely unknown.

The overarching aim of ...