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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

The Association Between Dog Walking, Physical Activity And Owners' Perceptions Of Safety: Cross-Sectional Evidence From The Us And Australia, Hayley Christian, Lisa Wood, Andrea Nathan, Ichiro Kawachi, Stephen Houghton, Karen Martin, Sandra Mccune Jan 2016

The Association Between Dog Walking, Physical Activity And Owners' Perceptions Of Safety: Cross-Sectional Evidence From The Us And Australia, Hayley Christian, Lisa Wood, Andrea Nathan, Ichiro Kawachi, Stephen Houghton, Karen Martin, Sandra Mccune

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background We examined the relationship between dog walking and physical activity within and between four US cities and Australia and investigated if dog walking is associated with higher perceived safety in US and Australian cities. Methods Dog owners (n = 1113) in the Pet Connections Study completed a cross-sectional survey. Data were collected across four study sites; three in the US (San Diego, Nashville, Portland) and a fourth in Australia (Perth). Physical activity, local walking, dog walking, and individual and community perceptions of safety were analysed for dog walkers and non-dog walkers for each study site. Between-city comparisons were examined for ...


Gender And Age Differences In Walking For Transport And Recreation: Are The Relationships The Same In All Neighborhoods?, Fatima Ghani Gonzalo, Jerome Nikolaos Rachele, Simon Washington, Gavin Turrell Jan 2016

Gender And Age Differences In Walking For Transport And Recreation: Are The Relationships The Same In All Neighborhoods?, Fatima Ghani Gonzalo, Jerome Nikolaos Rachele, Simon Washington, Gavin Turrell

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Walking as regular physical activity (PA) is central to healthy aging, and environments influence walking. Multilevel neighborhood-based studies that only report average (fixed-effect) walking differences for gender and age implicitly assume that neighborhood environments influence the walking behavior of men and women, and younger and older persons, similarly. This study tests this assumption by examining whether gender and age differences in walking for transport (WfT) and walking for recreation (WfR) are similar or different across neighborhoods.


Associations Between The Neighbourhood Environment Characteristics And Physical Activity In Older Adults With Specific Types Of Chronic Conditions: The Alecs Cross-Sectional Study, Anthony Barnett, Ester Cerin, Casper J.P. Zhang, Cindy H.P. Sit, Janice M. Johnston, Martin C. Cheung, Ruby S.Y. Lee Jan 2016

Associations Between The Neighbourhood Environment Characteristics And Physical Activity In Older Adults With Specific Types Of Chronic Conditions: The Alecs Cross-Sectional Study, Anthony Barnett, Ester Cerin, Casper J.P. Zhang, Cindy H.P. Sit, Janice M. Johnston, Martin C. Cheung, Ruby S.Y. Lee

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Neighbourhood characteristics may influence physical activity (PA), which has positive effects on the health of older adults. Older adults with chronic conditions are less active and possibly more affected by environmental factors than their peers. Understanding neighbourhood characteristics associated with PA specific to older adults with chronic conditions is currently lacking. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the associations between the neighbourhood environment and various forms of PA in older adults with and without visual impairment, hearing impairment, musculoskeletal disease and/or genitourinary disease. Methods: Neighbourhood environment and PA data were collected in Hong Kong older adults (N = 909 ...


Walkability And Walking For Transport: Characterizing The Built Environment Using Space Syntax, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Neville Owen, Ester Cerin, Billie Giles-Corti, Takemi Sugiyama Jan 2016

Walkability And Walking For Transport: Characterizing The Built Environment Using Space Syntax, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Neville Owen, Ester Cerin, Billie Giles-Corti, Takemi Sugiyama

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Neighborhood walkability has been shown to be associated with walking behavior. However, the availability of geographical data necessary to construct it remains a limitation. Building on the concept of space syntax, we propose an alternative walkability index, space syntax walkability (SSW). This study examined associations of the full walkability index and SSW with walking for transport (WT). Methods: Data were collected in 2003–2004 from 2544 adults living in 154 Census Collection Districts (CCD) in Adelaide, Australia. Participants reported past week WT frequency. Full walkability (consisting of net residential density, intersection density, land use mix, and net retail area ...


Can Air Pollution Negate The Health Benefits Of Cycling And Walking?, Marko Tainio, Audrey J. De Nazelle, Thomas Götschi, Sonja Kahlmeier, David Rojas-Rueda, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Thiago Hérick De Sá, Paul Kelly, James Woodcock Jan 2016

Can Air Pollution Negate The Health Benefits Of Cycling And Walking?, Marko Tainio, Audrey J. De Nazelle, Thomas Götschi, Sonja Kahlmeier, David Rojas-Rueda, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Thiago Hérick De Sá, Paul Kelly, James Woodcock

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Active travel (cycling, walking) is beneficial for the health due to increased physical activity (PA). However, active travel may increase the intake of air pollution, leading to negative health consequences. We examined the risk–benefit balance between active travel related PA and exposure to air pollution across a range of air pollution and PA scenarios. The health effects of active travel and air pollution were estimated through changes in all-cause mortality for different levels of active travel and air pollution. Air pollution exposure was estimated through changes in background concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM2.5), ranging from 5 to ...