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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Environmental Risk Factors Of Pregnancy Outcomes: A Summary Of Recent Meta-Analyses Of Epidemiological Studies., Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Payam Dadvand, James Grellier, David Martínez, Martine Vrijheid Jan 2013

Environmental Risk Factors Of Pregnancy Outcomes: A Summary Of Recent Meta-Analyses Of Epidemiological Studies., Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Payam Dadvand, James Grellier, David Martínez, Martine Vrijheid

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background Various epidemiological studies have suggested associations between environmental exposures and pregnancy outcomes. Some studies have tempted to combine information from various epidemiological studies using meta-analysis. We aimed to describe the methodologies used in these recent meta-analyses of environmental exposures and pregnancy outcomes. Furthermore, we aimed to report their main findings. Methods We conducted a bibliographic search with relevant search terms. We obtained and evaluated 16 recent meta-analyses. Results The number of studies included in each reported meta-analysis varied greatly, with the largest number of studies available for environmental tobacco smoke. Only a small number of the studies reported having ...


Maternal Exposure To Particulate Air Pollution And Term Birth Weight: A Multi-Country Evaluation Of Effect And Heterogeneity, Payam Dadvand, Jennifer Parker, Michelle L. Bell, Matteo Bonzini, Michael Brauer, Lyndsey A. Darrow, Ulrike Gehring, Svetlana V. Glinianaia, Nelson Gouveia, Eun-Hee Ha, Jong Han Leem, Edith H. Van Den Hooven, Bin Jalaludin, Bill M. Jesdale, Johanna Lepeule, Rachel Morello-Frosch, Geoffrey G. Morgan, Angela Cecilia Pesatori, Frank H. Pierik, Tanja Pless-Mulloli, David Q. Rich, Sheela Sathyanarayana, Juhee Seo, Rémy Slama, Matthew Strickland, Lillian Tamburic, Daniel Wartenberg, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Tracey J. Woodruff Jan 2013

Maternal Exposure To Particulate Air Pollution And Term Birth Weight: A Multi-Country Evaluation Of Effect And Heterogeneity, Payam Dadvand, Jennifer Parker, Michelle L. Bell, Matteo Bonzini, Michael Brauer, Lyndsey A. Darrow, Ulrike Gehring, Svetlana V. Glinianaia, Nelson Gouveia, Eun-Hee Ha, Jong Han Leem, Edith H. Van Den Hooven, Bin Jalaludin, Bill M. Jesdale, Johanna Lepeule, Rachel Morello-Frosch, Geoffrey G. Morgan, Angela Cecilia Pesatori, Frank H. Pierik, Tanja Pless-Mulloli, David Q. Rich, Sheela Sathyanarayana, Juhee Seo, Rémy Slama, Matthew Strickland, Lillian Tamburic, Daniel Wartenberg, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Tracey J. Woodruff

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: A growing body of evidence has associated maternal exposure to air pollution with adverse effects on fetal growth; however, the existing literature is inconsistent. Objectives: We aimed to quantify the association between maternal exposure to particulate air pollution and term birth weight and low birth weight (LBW) across 14 centers from 9 countries, and to explore the influence of site characteristics and exposure assessment methods on between-center heterogeneity in this association. Methods: Using a common analytical protocol, International Collaboration on Air Pollution and Pregnancy Outcomes (ICAPPO) centers generated effect estimates for term LBW and continuous birth weight associated with ...


Validation Of Trichloroacetic Acid Exposure Via Drinking Water During Pregnancy Using A Urinary Tcaa Biomarker, Rachel B. Smith, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, John Wright, Pauline Raynor, John Cocker, Kate Jones, Maria Kostopoulou-Karadanelli, Mireille B. Toledano Jan 2013

Validation Of Trichloroacetic Acid Exposure Via Drinking Water During Pregnancy Using A Urinary Tcaa Biomarker, Rachel B. Smith, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, John Wright, Pauline Raynor, John Cocker, Kate Jones, Maria Kostopoulou-Karadanelli, Mireille B. Toledano

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Disinfection by-product (DBP) exposure during pregnancy may be related to reduced fetal growth, but the evidence is inconclusive and improved DBP exposure assessment is required. The authors conducted a nested exposure study on a subset (n=39) of pregnant women in the Born in Bradford cohort to assess validity of TCAA exposure assessment based on tap water sampling and self-reported water-use; water-use questionnaire validity; and use of a one-time urinary TCAA biomarker. TCAA levels in urine and home tap water supply were quantified, and water use was measured via a questionnaire and 7-day diary, at 28 weeks gestation. Diary and ...