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Australian Catholic University

Pregnancy

Obstetrics and Gynecology

Articles 1 - 6 of 6

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Personal Assessment Of The External Exposome During Pregnancy And Childhood In Europe [Accepted Manuscript], David Donaire Gonzalez, Ariadna Curto, Antònia Valentin, Sandra Andrusaityte, Xavier Basagaña, Maribel Casas, Leda Chatzi, Jeroen De Bont, Montserrat De Castro, Audrius Dedele, Berit Granum, Regina Grazuleviciene, Mariza Kampouri, Sarah Lyon-Caen, Cyntia B. Manzano-Salgado, Gunn Marit Aasvang, Rosemary R. C. Mceachan, Carin Helena Meinhard-Kjellstad, Eirini Michalaki, Pau Pañella, Inga Petraviciene, Per E. Schwarze, Rémy Slama, Oliver Robinson, Ibon Tamayo-Uria, Marina Vafeiadi, Dagmar Waiblinger, John Wright, Martine Vrijheid Jan 2019

Personal Assessment Of The External Exposome During Pregnancy And Childhood In Europe [Accepted Manuscript], David Donaire Gonzalez, Ariadna Curto, Antònia Valentin, Sandra Andrusaityte, Xavier Basagaña, Maribel Casas, Leda Chatzi, Jeroen De Bont, Montserrat De Castro, Audrius Dedele, Berit Granum, Regina Grazuleviciene, Mariza Kampouri, Sarah Lyon-Caen, Cyntia B. Manzano-Salgado, Gunn Marit Aasvang, Rosemary R. C. Mceachan, Carin Helena Meinhard-Kjellstad, Eirini Michalaki, Pau Pañella, Inga Petraviciene, Per E. Schwarze, Rémy Slama, Oliver Robinson, Ibon Tamayo-Uria, Marina Vafeiadi, Dagmar Waiblinger, John Wright, Martine Vrijheid

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

The human exposome affects child development and health later in life, but its personal external levels, variability, and correlations are largely unknown. We characterized the personal external exposome of pregnant women and children in eight European cities. Panel studies included 167 pregnant women and 183 children (aged 6–11 years). A personal exposure monitoring kit composed of smartphone, accelerometer, ultraviolet (UV) dosimeter, and two air pollution monitors were used to monitor physical activity (PA), fine particulate matter (PM2.5), black carbon, traffic-related noise, UV-B radiation, and natural outdoor environments (NOE). 77% of women performed the adult recommendation of ≥150 min ...


Early Origins Of Mental Disorder: Risk Factors In The Perinatal And Infant Period, Louise Newman, Fiona Judd, Craig A. Olsson, David J. Castle, Chad Bousman, Penelope Sheehan, Christos Pantelis, Jeffrey M. Craig, Angela Komiti, Ian P. Everall Jan 2016

Early Origins Of Mental Disorder: Risk Factors In The Perinatal And Infant Period, Louise Newman, Fiona Judd, Craig A. Olsson, David J. Castle, Chad Bousman, Penelope Sheehan, Christos Pantelis, Jeffrey M. Craig, Angela Komiti, Ian P. Everall

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: There is increasing understanding of the significance of early neurodevelopment in establishing risk for the range of mental disorders. Models of the early aetiology of mental disorders are complex with a range of potential factors from genetic and epigenetic to environmental influencing neurological and psychological development. Whilst the mechanisms are not fully understood, this paper provides an overview of potential biological and neurobiological factors that might be involved. Method: An aetiological model is presented and discussed. The discussion includes a range of risk factors for mental disorder. Maternal anxiety disorder is presented and reviewed as an example of the ...


Maternal Occupation During Pregnancy, Birth Weight, And Length Of Gestation: Combined Analysis Of 13 European Birth Cohorts, M. Casas, Sylvaine Cordier, David Martínez, Henrique Barros, Jens Peter Bonde, Alex Burdorf, Nathalie Costet, Ana Cristina Dos Santos, Asta Danileviciute, Merete Eggesbø, Mariana F. Fernandez, Joelle Fevotte, Ana M. García, Regina Gražulevičienė, Eva Hallner, Wojciech Hanke, Manolis Kogevinas, Inger Kull, Pernille Stemann Larsen, Vasiliki Melaki, Christine Monfort, Karl-Christian Nordby, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen, Evridiki Patelarou, Kinga Polanska, Lorenzo Richiardi, Loreto Santa Marina, Claudia Snijder, Adonina Tardón, M. Van Eijsden, T. G. M. Vrijkotte, D. Zugna, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, M. Vrijheid Jan 2015

Maternal Occupation During Pregnancy, Birth Weight, And Length Of Gestation: Combined Analysis Of 13 European Birth Cohorts, M. Casas, Sylvaine Cordier, David Martínez, Henrique Barros, Jens Peter Bonde, Alex Burdorf, Nathalie Costet, Ana Cristina Dos Santos, Asta Danileviciute, Merete Eggesbø, Mariana F. Fernandez, Joelle Fevotte, Ana M. García, Regina Gražulevičienė, Eva Hallner, Wojciech Hanke, Manolis Kogevinas, Inger Kull, Pernille Stemann Larsen, Vasiliki Melaki, Christine Monfort, Karl-Christian Nordby, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen, Evridiki Patelarou, Kinga Polanska, Lorenzo Richiardi, Loreto Santa Marina, Claudia Snijder, Adonina Tardón, M. Van Eijsden, T. G. M. Vrijkotte, D. Zugna, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, M. Vrijheid

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Objectives: We assessed whether maternal employment during pregnancy – overall and in selected occupational sectors – is associated with birth weight, small for gestational age (SGA), term low birth weight (LBW), length of gestation, and preterm delivery in a population-based birth cohort design. Methods: We used data from > 200 000 mother-child pairs enrolled in 13 European birth cohorts and compared employed versus non-employed women. Among employees, we defined groups of occupations representing the main sectors of employment for women where potential reproductive hazards are considered to be present. The comparison group comprised all other employed women not included in the occupational sector ...


Environmental Risk Factors Of Pregnancy Outcomes: A Summary Of Recent Meta-Analyses Of Epidemiological Studies., Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Payam Dadvand, James Grellier, David Martínez, Martine Vrijheid Jan 2013

Environmental Risk Factors Of Pregnancy Outcomes: A Summary Of Recent Meta-Analyses Of Epidemiological Studies., Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Payam Dadvand, James Grellier, David Martínez, Martine Vrijheid

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background Various epidemiological studies have suggested associations between environmental exposures and pregnancy outcomes. Some studies have tempted to combine information from various epidemiological studies using meta-analysis. We aimed to describe the methodologies used in these recent meta-analyses of environmental exposures and pregnancy outcomes. Furthermore, we aimed to report their main findings. Methods We conducted a bibliographic search with relevant search terms. We obtained and evaluated 16 recent meta-analyses. Results The number of studies included in each reported meta-analysis varied greatly, with the largest number of studies available for environmental tobacco smoke. Only a small number of the studies reported having ...


Validation Of Trichloroacetic Acid Exposure Via Drinking Water During Pregnancy Using A Urinary Tcaa Biomarker, Rachel B. Smith, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, John Wright, Pauline Raynor, John Cocker, Kate Jones, Maria Kostopoulou-Karadanelli, Mireille B. Toledano Jan 2013

Validation Of Trichloroacetic Acid Exposure Via Drinking Water During Pregnancy Using A Urinary Tcaa Biomarker, Rachel B. Smith, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, John Wright, Pauline Raynor, John Cocker, Kate Jones, Maria Kostopoulou-Karadanelli, Mireille B. Toledano

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Disinfection by-product (DBP) exposure during pregnancy may be related to reduced fetal growth, but the evidence is inconclusive and improved DBP exposure assessment is required. The authors conducted a nested exposure study on a subset (n=39) of pregnant women in the Born in Bradford cohort to assess validity of TCAA exposure assessment based on tap water sampling and self-reported water-use; water-use questionnaire validity; and use of a one-time urinary TCAA biomarker. TCAA levels in urine and home tap water supply were quantified, and water use was measured via a questionnaire and 7-day diary, at 28 weeks gestation. Diary and ...


Surrounding Greenness And Exposure To Air Pollution During Pregnancy: An Analysis Of Personal Monitoring Data, Payam Dadvand, Audrey De Nazelle, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Anna Schembari, Marta Cirach, Elmira Amoly, Francesc Figueras, Xavier Basagaña, Bart Ostro, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen Jan 2012

Surrounding Greenness And Exposure To Air Pollution During Pregnancy: An Analysis Of Personal Monitoring Data, Payam Dadvand, Audrey De Nazelle, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Anna Schembari, Marta Cirach, Elmira Amoly, Francesc Figueras, Xavier Basagaña, Bart Ostro, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Green spaces are reported to improve health status, including beneficial effects on pregnancy outcomes. Despite the suggestions of air pollution–related health benefits of green spaces, there is no available evidence on the impact of greenness on personal exposure to air pollution. Objectives: We investigated the association between surrounding greenness and personal exposure to air pollution among pregnant women and to explore the potential mechanisms, if any, behind this association. Methods: In total, 65 rounds of sampling were carried out for 54 pregnant women who resided in Barcelona during 2008–2009. Each round consisted of a 2-day measurement of ...