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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Do Physical Activity Social Cohesion, And Loneliness Mediate The Association Between Time Spent Visiting Green Space And Mental Health?, Magdalena M. Van Den Berg, Mireille Van Poppel, Irene Van Kamp, Annemarie Ruijsbroek, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Christopher Gidlow, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Regina Gražulevičiene, Willem Van Mechelen, Hanneke Kruize, Jolanda Maas Jan 2019

Do Physical Activity Social Cohesion, And Loneliness Mediate The Association Between Time Spent Visiting Green Space And Mental Health?, Magdalena M. Van Den Berg, Mireille Van Poppel, Irene Van Kamp, Annemarie Ruijsbroek, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Christopher Gidlow, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Regina Gražulevičiene, Willem Van Mechelen, Hanneke Kruize, Jolanda Maas

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

This cross-sectional study investigated whether physical activity, social cohesion, and loneliness mediate the association between time spent visiting green spaces and perceived mental health and vitality. Questionnaire data were collected from 3,948 residents from 124 neighborhoods across four European cities. Multilevel linear regression analysis revealed positive, but weak, associations between time spent visiting green space and Medical Outcome Study Short Form (SF-36) mental health and vitality score, which suggest small mental health benefits. Single mediation analyses showed that different indicators of physical activity (total, during leisure time, and walking during leisure time), social cohesion, and loneliness were mediators. Multiple ...


Personal Assessment Of The External Exposome During Pregnancy And Childhood In Europe [Accepted Manuscript], David Donaire Gonzalez, Ariadna Curto, Antònia Valentin, Sandra Andrusaityte, Xavier Basagaña, Maribel Casas, Leda Chatzi, Jeroen De Bont, Montserrat De Castro, Audrius Dedele, Berit Granum, Regina Grazuleviciene, Mariza Kampouri, Sarah Lyon-Caen, Cyntia B. Manzano-Salgado, Gunn Marit Aasvang, Rosemary R. C. Mceachan, Carin Helena Meinhard-Kjellstad, Eirini Michalaki, Pau Pañella, Inga Petraviciene, Per E. Schwarze, Rémy Slama, Oliver Robinson, Ibon Tamayo-Uria, Marina Vafeiadi, Dagmar Waiblinger, John Wright, Martine Vrijheid Jan 2019

Personal Assessment Of The External Exposome During Pregnancy And Childhood In Europe [Accepted Manuscript], David Donaire Gonzalez, Ariadna Curto, Antònia Valentin, Sandra Andrusaityte, Xavier Basagaña, Maribel Casas, Leda Chatzi, Jeroen De Bont, Montserrat De Castro, Audrius Dedele, Berit Granum, Regina Grazuleviciene, Mariza Kampouri, Sarah Lyon-Caen, Cyntia B. Manzano-Salgado, Gunn Marit Aasvang, Rosemary R. C. Mceachan, Carin Helena Meinhard-Kjellstad, Eirini Michalaki, Pau Pañella, Inga Petraviciene, Per E. Schwarze, Rémy Slama, Oliver Robinson, Ibon Tamayo-Uria, Marina Vafeiadi, Dagmar Waiblinger, John Wright, Martine Vrijheid

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

The human exposome affects child development and health later in life, but its personal external levels, variability, and correlations are largely unknown. We characterized the personal external exposome of pregnant women and children in eight European cities. Panel studies included 167 pregnant women and 183 children (aged 6–11 years). A personal exposure monitoring kit composed of smartphone, accelerometer, ultraviolet (UV) dosimeter, and two air pollution monitors were used to monitor physical activity (PA), fine particulate matter (PM2.5), black carbon, traffic-related noise, UV-B radiation, and natural outdoor environments (NOE). 77% of women performed the adult recommendation of ≥150 min ...


Health Benefits Of Physical Activity Related To An Urban Riverside Regeneration, Cristina Vert, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Mireia Gascon, James Grellier, Lora E. Fleming, Mathew P. White, David Rojas-Rueda Jan 2019

Health Benefits Of Physical Activity Related To An Urban Riverside Regeneration, Cristina Vert, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Mireia Gascon, James Grellier, Lora E. Fleming, Mathew P. White, David Rojas-Rueda

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

The promotion of physical activity through better urban design is one pathway by which health and well-being improvements can be achieved. This study aimed to quantify health and health-related economic impacts associated with physical activity in an urban riverside park regeneration project in Barcelona, Spain. We used data from Barcelona local authorities and meta-analysis assessing physical activity and health outcomes to develop and apply the “Blue Active Tool”. We estimated park user health impacts in terms of all-cause mortality, morbidity (ischemic heart disease; ischemic stroke; type 2 diabetes; cancers of the colon and breast; and dementia), disability-adjusted life years (DALYs ...


The Impact Of A Park Refurbishment In A Low Socioeconomic Area On Physical Activity: A Cost-Effectiveness Study, Anita Lal, Marj Moodie, Gavin Abbott, Alison Carver, Jo Salmon, Billie Giles-Corti, Anna Timperio, Jenny Veitch Jan 2019

The Impact Of A Park Refurbishment In A Low Socioeconomic Area On Physical Activity: A Cost-Effectiveness Study, Anita Lal, Marj Moodie, Gavin Abbott, Alison Carver, Jo Salmon, Billie Giles-Corti, Anna Timperio, Jenny Veitch

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background Physical inactivity is the fourth highest cause of death globally and is a major contributor to increases in healthcare expenditure. Improving public open spaces such as parks in areas of low socio-economic position (SEP) may increase recreational physical activity in disadvantaged populations. We assessed the cost-effectiveness of the installation of a play-space in a large metropolitan park in a low socioeconomic area based on changes in physical activity. Methods Observational data of visitor counts and activities undertaken in the park before the installation of the new play-scape (T1), at two months (T2) and 14 months post-installation (T3) were obtained ...


How Do Neighbourhood Definitions Influence The Associations Between Built Environment And Physical Activity?, Suzanne Mavoa, Nasser Bagheri, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Andrew T. Kaczynski, Karen Elaine Lamb, Koichiro Oka, David O'Sullivan, Karen Witten Jan 2019

How Do Neighbourhood Definitions Influence The Associations Between Built Environment And Physical Activity?, Suzanne Mavoa, Nasser Bagheri, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Andrew T. Kaczynski, Karen Elaine Lamb, Koichiro Oka, David O'Sullivan, Karen Witten

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Researchers investigating relationships between the neighbourhood environment and health first need to decide on the spatial extent of the neighbourhood they are interested in. This decision is an important and ongoing methodological challenge since different methods of defining and delineating neighbourhood boundaries can produce different results. This paper explores this issue in the context of a New Zealand-based study of the relationship between the built environment and multiple measures of physical activity. Geographic information systems were used to measure three built environment attributes—dwelling density, street connectivity, and neighbourhood destination accessibility—using seven different neighbourhood definitions (three administrative unit boundaries ...


Physical Activity Of Electric Bicycle Users Compared To Conventional Bicycle Users And Non-Cyclists: Insights Based On Health And Transport Data From An Online Survey In Seven European Cities, Alberto Castro, Mailin Gaupp-Berhausen, Evi Dons, Arnout Standaert, Michelle Laeremans, Anna Clark, Esther Anaya-Boig, Tom Cole-Hunter, Ione Avila-Palencia, David Rojas-Rueda, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Regine Gerike, Luc Int Panis, Audrey De Nazelle, Christian Brand, Elisabeth Raser, Sonja Kahlmeier, Thomas Götschi Jan 2019

Physical Activity Of Electric Bicycle Users Compared To Conventional Bicycle Users And Non-Cyclists: Insights Based On Health And Transport Data From An Online Survey In Seven European Cities, Alberto Castro, Mailin Gaupp-Berhausen, Evi Dons, Arnout Standaert, Michelle Laeremans, Anna Clark, Esther Anaya-Boig, Tom Cole-Hunter, Ione Avila-Palencia, David Rojas-Rueda, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Regine Gerike, Luc Int Panis, Audrey De Nazelle, Christian Brand, Elisabeth Raser, Sonja Kahlmeier, Thomas Götschi

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Physical activity has been widely associated with beneficial health effects. The use of electric-assist bicycles (e-bikes) can lead to increased or decreased physical activity, depending on the transport mode substituted. This study aimed to compare physical activity levels of e-bikers and conventional bicycle users (cyclists) as well as across e-bike user groups based on the transport mode substituted by e-bike. Physical activity, transport and user related parameters were analysed. Data from the longitudinal on-line survey of the PASTA project were used. The survey recruited over 10,000 participants in seven European cities. Physical activity levels, measured in Metabolic Equivalent Task ...


Clinical Oncology Society Of Australia Position Statement On Exercise In Cancer Care [Accepted Manuscript], Prue Cormie, Morgan Atkinson, Lucy Bucci, Anne Cust, Elizabeth Eakin, Sandra Hayes, Alexandra Mccarthy, Andrew Murnane, Sharni Patchell, Diana Adams May 2018

Clinical Oncology Society Of Australia Position Statement On Exercise In Cancer Care [Accepted Manuscript], Prue Cormie, Morgan Atkinson, Lucy Bucci, Anne Cust, Elizabeth Eakin, Sandra Hayes, Alexandra Mccarthy, Andrew Murnane, Sharni Patchell, Diana Adams

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Introduction: Clinical research has established exercise as a safe and effective intervention to counteract the adverse physical and psychological effects of cancer and its treatment. This article summarises the position of the Clinical Oncology Society of Australia (COSA) on the role of exercise in cancer care, taking into account the strengths and limitations of the evidence base. It provides guidance for all health professionals involved in the care of people with cancer about integrating exercise into routine cancer care.

Main recommendations: COSA calls for:

  • exercise to be embedded as part of standard practice in cancer care and to be viewed ...


Prolonged Uninterrupted Sitting Increases Fatigue In Type 2 Diabetes [Accepted Manuscript], Paddy C. Dempsey, David W. Dunstan, Robyn N. Larsen, Gavin W. Lambert, Bronwyn A. Kingwell, Neville Owen Jan 2018

Prolonged Uninterrupted Sitting Increases Fatigue In Type 2 Diabetes [Accepted Manuscript], Paddy C. Dempsey, David W. Dunstan, Robyn N. Larsen, Gavin W. Lambert, Bronwyn A. Kingwell, Neville Owen

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Fatigue is a prevalent, costly and disabling clinical complaint among those with type 2 diabetes. In a randomized crossover trial, prolonged uninterrupted sitting increased fatigue by 29% relative to days when sitting was regularly interrupted by brief activity-breaks. This may have implications for diabetes-related quality of life, occupational productivity and self-care.


Assessing The Feasibility And Pre-Post Impact Evaluation Of The Beta (Test) Version Of The Beupstanding Champion Toolkit In Reducing Workplace Sitting: Pilot Study, Genevieve Nissa Healy, Elizabeth G. Eakin, Elizabeth A.H. Winkler, Nyssa Hadgraft, David W. Dunstan, Nicholas D. Gilson, Ana D. Goode Jan 2018

Assessing The Feasibility And Pre-Post Impact Evaluation Of The Beta (Test) Version Of The Beupstanding Champion Toolkit In Reducing Workplace Sitting: Pilot Study, Genevieve Nissa Healy, Elizabeth G. Eakin, Elizabeth A.H. Winkler, Nyssa Hadgraft, David W. Dunstan, Nicholas D. Gilson, Ana D. Goode

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: The Web-based, evidence-informed BeUpstanding Champion Toolkit was developed to provide employers (via a “train-the-champion approach”) with resources and support to help in reducing prolonged sitting in their own desk-based workplace. As part of a five-phase research-to-dissemination process, this study reports on the evaluation of the beta (test) version of this toolkit (Phase 2). Objective: The objective of our study was to evaluate (1) the implementation of the toolkit by workplace champions and (2) the impact of the toolkit on sitting (primary outcome), standing, and moving; use of activity-promoting strategies; knowledge and attitudes; and indicators of health and work performance ...


What Strategies Do Desk-Based Workers Choose To Reduce Sitting Time And How Well Do They Work? Findings From A Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial, Samantha K. Stephens, Elizabeth G. Eakin, Bronwyn K. Clark, Elizabeth A. H. Winkler, Neville Owen, Anthony D. Lamontagne, Marj Moodie, Sheleigh P. Lawler, David W. Dunstan, Genevieve N. Healy Jan 2018

What Strategies Do Desk-Based Workers Choose To Reduce Sitting Time And How Well Do They Work? Findings From A Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial, Samantha K. Stephens, Elizabeth G. Eakin, Bronwyn K. Clark, Elizabeth A. H. Winkler, Neville Owen, Anthony D. Lamontagne, Marj Moodie, Sheleigh P. Lawler, David W. Dunstan, Genevieve N. Healy

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Large amounts of sitting at work have been identified as an emerging occupational health risk, and findings from intervention trials have been reported. However, few such reports have examined participant-selected strategies and their relationships with behaviour change. Methods: The Stand Up Victoria cluster-randomised controlled trial was a workplace-delivered intervention comprising organisational, environmental and individual level behaviour change strategies aimed at reducing sitting time in desk-based workers. Sit-stand workstations were provided, and participants (n = 134; intervention group only) were guided by health coaches to identify strategies for the ‘Stand Up’, ‘Sit Less’, and ‘Move More’ intervention targets, including how long ...


Dietary And Physical Activity Interventions For Colorectal Cancer Survivors: A Randomized Controlled Trial, C. Lee, Judy W. C. Ho, Daniel Y. T. Fong, Duncan J. Macfarlane, Ester Cerin, Antoinette M. Lee, Sharron S. K. Leung, Wynnie Y. Y. Chan, Ivy P. F. Leung, Sharon H. S. Lam, Natural Chu, Aliki J. Taylor, Kar-Keung Cheng Jan 2018

Dietary And Physical Activity Interventions For Colorectal Cancer Survivors: A Randomized Controlled Trial, C. Lee, Judy W. C. Ho, Daniel Y. T. Fong, Duncan J. Macfarlane, Ester Cerin, Antoinette M. Lee, Sharron S. K. Leung, Wynnie Y. Y. Chan, Ivy P. F. Leung, Sharon H. S. Lam, Natural Chu, Aliki J. Taylor, Kar-Keung Cheng

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

There has been evidence on the protective effects of diets high in fiber and low in red and processed meat (RPM), and physical activity (PA) against colorectal cancer (CRC) development, but that against CRC recurrence has been limited. This study evaluated the efficacy of a behavioral program comprising dietary and PA interventions in improving Chinese CRC survivors' lifestyle. A 2 × 2 factorial randomized controlled trial of 223 CRC patients (82 females, mean age 65), randomly assigned to receive dietary, PA or both interventions, or usual care for 12 months, and assessed every 6 months for 24 months. Primary outcomes included ...


Socioeconomic Inequalities In Urban And Transport Planning Related Exposures And Mortality: A Health Impact Assessment Study For Bradford, Uk, Natalie Mueller, David Rojas-Rueda, Haneen Khreis, Marta Cirach, Carles Mila, Ana Espinosa, Maria Foraster, R. R. C. Mceachan, Brian Kelly, John Wright, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen Jan 2018

Socioeconomic Inequalities In Urban And Transport Planning Related Exposures And Mortality: A Health Impact Assessment Study For Bradford, Uk, Natalie Mueller, David Rojas-Rueda, Haneen Khreis, Marta Cirach, Carles Mila, Ana Espinosa, Maria Foraster, R. R. C. Mceachan, Brian Kelly, John Wright, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background
Cities have unique geographic, environmental and sociocultural characteristics that influence the health status of their citizens. Identification and modification of these characteristics may help to promote healthier cities.
Objective
We estimated premature mortality impacts of breaching international exposure guidelines for physical activity (PA), air pollution, noise and access to green space for Bradford (UK) adult residents (n = 393,091).
Methods
We applied the Urban and TranspOrt Planning Health Impact Assessment (UTOPHIA) methodology and estimated mortality, life expectancy (LE) and economic impacts of non-compliance with recommended exposure levels. We also investigated the distribution of the mortality burden among the population ...


Physical Activity Patterns And Clusters In 1001 Patients With Copd, Rafael Mesquita, Gabriele Spina, Fabio Pitta, David Donaire-Gonzalez, Brenda M. Deering, Mehul S. Patel, Katy E. Mitchell, Jennifer Alison, Arnoldus J. R. Van Gestel, Stefanie Zogg, Philippe Gagnon, Beatriz Abascal-Bolado, Barbara Vagaggini, Judith Garcia-Aymerich, Sue C. Jenkins, Elisabeth A. P. M. Romme, Samantha S. C. Kon, Paul S. Albert, Benjamin Waschki, Dinesh Shrikrishna, Sally J. Singh, Nicholas S. Hopkinson, David Miedinger, Roberto P. Benzo, François Maltais, Pierluigi Paggiaro, Zoe J. Mckeough, Michael I. Polkey, Kylie Hill, William D.-C. Man, Christian F. Clarenbach, Nidia A. Hernandes, Daniela Savi, Sally Wootton, Karina C. Furlanetto, Li W. Cindy Ng, Anouk W. Vaes, Christine Jenkins, Peter R. Eastwood, Diana Jarreta, Anne Kirsten, Dina Brooks, David R. Hillman, Thaís Sant’Anna, Kenneth Meijer, Selina Dürr, Erica P. A. Rutten, Malcolm Kohler, Vanessa S. Probst, Ruth Tal-Singer, Esther Garcia Gil, Albertus C. Den Brinker, Jörg D. Leuppi, Peter M. A. Calverley, Frank W. J. M. Smeenk, Richard W. Costello, Marco Gramm, Roger Goldstein, Miriam T. J. Groenen, Helgo Magnussen, Emiel F. M. Wouters, Richard L. Zuwallack, Oliver Amft, Henrik Watz, Martijn A. Spruit Jan 2017

Physical Activity Patterns And Clusters In 1001 Patients With Copd, Rafael Mesquita, Gabriele Spina, Fabio Pitta, David Donaire-Gonzalez, Brenda M. Deering, Mehul S. Patel, Katy E. Mitchell, Jennifer Alison, Arnoldus J. R. Van Gestel, Stefanie Zogg, Philippe Gagnon, Beatriz Abascal-Bolado, Barbara Vagaggini, Judith Garcia-Aymerich, Sue C. Jenkins, Elisabeth A. P. M. Romme, Samantha S. C. Kon, Paul S. Albert, Benjamin Waschki, Dinesh Shrikrishna, Sally J. Singh, Nicholas S. Hopkinson, David Miedinger, Roberto P. Benzo, François Maltais, Pierluigi Paggiaro, Zoe J. Mckeough, Michael I. Polkey, Kylie Hill, William D.-C. Man, Christian F. Clarenbach, Nidia A. Hernandes, Daniela Savi, Sally Wootton, Karina C. Furlanetto, Li W. Cindy Ng, Anouk W. Vaes, Christine Jenkins, Peter R. Eastwood, Diana Jarreta, Anne Kirsten, Dina Brooks, David R. Hillman, Thaís Sant’Anna, Kenneth Meijer, Selina Dürr, Erica P. A. Rutten, Malcolm Kohler, Vanessa S. Probst, Ruth Tal-Singer, Esther Garcia Gil, Albertus C. Den Brinker, Jörg D. Leuppi, Peter M. A. Calverley, Frank W. J. M. Smeenk, Richard W. Costello, Marco Gramm, Roger Goldstein, Miriam T. J. Groenen, Helgo Magnussen, Emiel F. M. Wouters, Richard L. Zuwallack, Oliver Amft, Henrik Watz, Martijn A. Spruit

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

We described physical activity measures and hourly patterns in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) after stratification for generic and COPD-specific characteristics and, based on multiple physical activity measures, we identified clusters of patients. In total, 1001 patients with COPD (65% men; age, 67 years; forced expiratory volume in the first second [FEV1], 49% predicted) were studied cross-sectionally. Demographics, anthropometrics, lung function and clinical data were assessed. Daily physical activity measures and hourly patterns were analysed based on data from a multisensor armband. Principal component analysis (PCA) and cluster analysis were applied to physical activity measures to identify clusters ...


Nutrition And Physical Activity In The Prevention And Treatment Of Sarcopenia: Systematic Review, Charlotte Beaudart, A. Dawson, S. C. Shaw, Nicholas C. Harvey, John Kanis, Neil Binkley, Jean Yves Reginster, R. Chapurlat, D. C. Chan, O. Bruyère, Rene Rizzoli, Cyrus Cooper, Elaine M. Dennison Jan 2017

Nutrition And Physical Activity In The Prevention And Treatment Of Sarcopenia: Systematic Review, Charlotte Beaudart, A. Dawson, S. C. Shaw, Nicholas C. Harvey, John Kanis, Neil Binkley, Jean Yves Reginster, R. Chapurlat, D. C. Chan, O. Bruyère, Rene Rizzoli, Cyrus Cooper, Elaine M. Dennison

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

This systematic review summarizes the effect of combined exercise and nutrition intervention on muscle mass and muscle function. A total of 37 RCTs were identified. Results indicate that physical exercise has a positive impact on muscle mass and muscle function in subjects aged 65 years and older. However, any interactive effect of dietary supplementation appears to be limited. Introduction: In 2013, Denison et al. conducted a systematic review including 17 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to explore the effect of combined exercise and nutrition intervention to improve muscle mass, muscle strength, or physical performance in older people. They concluded that further ...


Considerations When Using The Activpal Monitor In Field Based Research With Adult Populations, Charlotte L. Edwardson, Elizabeth A. H. Winkler, Danielle H. Bodicoat, Tom Yates, Melanie J. Davies, David W. Dunstan, Genevieve N. Healy Jan 2017

Considerations When Using The Activpal Monitor In Field Based Research With Adult Populations, Charlotte L. Edwardson, Elizabeth A. H. Winkler, Danielle H. Bodicoat, Tom Yates, Melanie J. Davies, David W. Dunstan, Genevieve N. Healy

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Research indicates that high levels of sedentary behavior (sitting or lying with low energy expenditure) are adversely associated with health. A key factor in improving our understanding of the impact of sedentary behavior (and patterns of sedentary time accumulation) on health is the use of objective measurement tools that collect date and time-stamped activity information. One such tool is the activPAL monitor. This thigh-worn device uses accelerometer-derived information about thigh position to determine the start and end of each period spent sitting/lying, standing, and stepping, as well as stepping speed, step counts, and postural transitions. The activPAL is increasingly ...


Implementing Exercise In Cancer Care: Study Protocol To Evaluate A Community-Based Exercise Program For People With Cancer, Prue Cormie, Stephanie Lamb, Robert U. Newton, Lani Valentine, Sandy Mckiernan, Nigel Spry, David Joseph, Dennis R. Taaffe, Christopher M. Doran, Daniel A. Galvão Jan 2017

Implementing Exercise In Cancer Care: Study Protocol To Evaluate A Community-Based Exercise Program For People With Cancer, Prue Cormie, Stephanie Lamb, Robert U. Newton, Lani Valentine, Sandy Mckiernan, Nigel Spry, David Joseph, Dennis R. Taaffe, Christopher M. Doran, Daniel A. Galvão

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Clinical research has established the efficacy of exercise in reducing treatment-related side-effects and increasing wellbeing in people with cancer. Major oncology organisations have identified the importance of incorporating exercise in comprehensive cancer care but information regarding effective approaches to translating evidence into practice is lacking. This paper describes the implementation of a community-based exercise program for people with cancer and the protocol for program evaluation. Methods/Design: The Life Now Exercise program is a community-based exercise intervention designed to mitigate and rehabilitate the adverse effects of cancer and its treatment and improve physical and psychosocial wellbeing in people with ...


Physical Activity And Survival Among Long-Term Cancer Survivor And Non-Cancer Cohorts, Anthony S. Gunnell, Sarah Joyce, Stephania Tomlin, Dennis R. Taaffe, Assoc P. Cormie, Robert Newton, David Joseph, Nigel A. Spry, Kristjana Einarsdottir, Daniel Galvao Jan 2017

Physical Activity And Survival Among Long-Term Cancer Survivor And Non-Cancer Cohorts, Anthony S. Gunnell, Sarah Joyce, Stephania Tomlin, Dennis R. Taaffe, Assoc P. Cormie, Robert Newton, David Joseph, Nigel A. Spry, Kristjana Einarsdottir, Daniel Galvao

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Evidence suggests physical activity improves prognosis following cancer diagnosis; however, evidence regarding prognosis in long-term survivors of cancer is scarce. We assessed physical activity in 1,589 cancer survivors at an average 8.8 years following their initial diagnosis and calculated their future mortality risk following physical activity assessment. We also selected a cancer-free cohort of 3,145 age, sex, and survey year group-matched cancer-free individuals from the same source population for comparison purposes. Risks for cancer-specific mortality and all-cause mortality in relation to physical activity levels were estimated using Cox regression proportional hazard regression analyses within the cancer and ...


Adolescent's Perceptions Of Parental Influences On Physical Activity, Jerome Rachele, Thomas Cuddihy, Tracy Washington, Steven Mcphail Jan 2017

Adolescent's Perceptions Of Parental Influences On Physical Activity, Jerome Rachele, Thomas Cuddihy, Tracy Washington, Steven Mcphail

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Youth physical activity engagement is a key component of contemporary health promotion strategies. Parents have potential to influence the physical activity behaviours of their children. The purpose of this study was to explore associations between adolescent self-reported physical activity, parent physical activity and perceptions of parental influence as measured by the Children’s Physical Activity Correlates (CPAC) questionnaire.
Methods: This investigation included a total of 146 adolescents and their parents. Self-reported measures of physical activity were obtained using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire for Adolescents and International Physical Activity Questionnaire for adolescents and their parents respectively. Adolescent perceptions of ...


Assessing The 'Active Couch Potato' Phenomenon In Cardiac Rehabilitation: Rationale And Study Protocol, Nicole Freene, Borja Del Pozo Cruz, Rachel Davey Jan 2016

Assessing The 'Active Couch Potato' Phenomenon In Cardiac Rehabilitation: Rationale And Study Protocol, Nicole Freene, Borja Del Pozo Cruz, Rachel Davey

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: There is little evidence of whether or not those who have attended cardiac rehabilitation (CR) are meeting the physical activity guidelines recommended for secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. In healthy individuals, there is evidence, that even if individuals are meeting the physical activity guidelines, the harmfulness of too much sedentary behaviour remains (active couch potato (ACP) phenomenon). Currently, there appears to be no evidence of the ACP phenomenon in those attending CR. The aims of the study are to examine the level of physical activity and sedentary behaviour in those with coronary heart disease (CHD) who have attended CR ...


Tracking Restoration Of Park And Urban Street Settings In Coronary Artery Disease Patients, Regina Grazuleviciene, Jone Vencloviene, Raimondas Kubilius, Vytautas Grizas, Asta Danileviciute, Audrius Dedele, Sandra Andrusaityte, Astra Vitkauskiene, Rasa Steponaviciute, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen Jan 2016

Tracking Restoration Of Park And Urban Street Settings In Coronary Artery Disease Patients, Regina Grazuleviciene, Jone Vencloviene, Raimondas Kubilius, Vytautas Grizas, Asta Danileviciute, Audrius Dedele, Sandra Andrusaityte, Astra Vitkauskiene, Rasa Steponaviciute, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

The physiological effects of natural and urban environments on the cardiovascular system of coronary artery disease (CAD) patients are not fully understood. This controlled field study examines the effects of restorative walking in a park vs. in an urban street environment on CAD patients’ stress parameters and cardiac function. Methods: Twenty stable CAD patients were randomly allocated to 7 days controlled walking in a city park or in an urban street environment group. The relationship between different environmental exposures and health effects was analyzed using Wilcoxon signed-rank test and exact Mann-Whitney U test. Results: The mean reduction in cortisol levels ...


Impact Of Traffic-Related Air Pollution On Acute Changes In Cardiac Autonomic Modulation During Rest And Physical Activity: A Cross-Over Study, Tom Cole-Hunter, Scott Weichenthal, Nadine Kubesch, Maria Foraster, Glòria Carrasco-Turigas, Laura Bouso, David Martínez, Dane Westerdahl, Audrey De Nazelle, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen Jan 2016

Impact Of Traffic-Related Air Pollution On Acute Changes In Cardiac Autonomic Modulation During Rest And Physical Activity: A Cross-Over Study, Tom Cole-Hunter, Scott Weichenthal, Nadine Kubesch, Maria Foraster, Glòria Carrasco-Turigas, Laura Bouso, David Martínez, Dane Westerdahl, Audrey De Nazelle, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

People are often exposed to traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) during physical activity (PA), but it is not clear if PA modifies the impact of TRAP on cardiac autonomic modulation. We conducted a panel study among 28 healthy adults in Barcelona, Spain to examine how PA may modify the impact of TRAP on cardiac autonomic regulation. Participants completed four 2-h exposure scenarios that included either rest or intermittent exercise in high- and low-traffic environments. Time- and frequency-domain measures of heart rate variability (HRV) were monitored during each exposure period along with continuous measures of TRAP. Linear mixed-effects models were used to ...


Can Air Pollution Negate The Health Benefits Of Cycling And Walking?, Marko Tainio, Audrey J. De Nazelle, Thomas Götschi, Sonja Kahlmeier, David Rojas-Rueda, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Thiago Hérick De Sá, Paul Kelly, James Woodcock Jan 2016

Can Air Pollution Negate The Health Benefits Of Cycling And Walking?, Marko Tainio, Audrey J. De Nazelle, Thomas Götschi, Sonja Kahlmeier, David Rojas-Rueda, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Thiago Hérick De Sá, Paul Kelly, James Woodcock

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Active travel (cycling, walking) is beneficial for the health due to increased physical activity (PA). However, active travel may increase the intake of air pollution, leading to negative health consequences. We examined the risk–benefit balance between active travel related PA and exposure to air pollution across a range of air pollution and PA scenarios. The health effects of active travel and air pollution were estimated through changes in all-cause mortality for different levels of active travel and air pollution. Air pollution exposure was estimated through changes in background concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM2.5), ranging from 5 to ...


The Association Between Dog Walking, Physical Activity And Owners' Perceptions Of Safety: Cross-Sectional Evidence From The Us And Australia, Hayley Christian, Lisa Wood, Andrea Nathan, Ichiro Kawachi, Stephen Houghton, Karen Martin, Sandra Mccune Jan 2016

The Association Between Dog Walking, Physical Activity And Owners' Perceptions Of Safety: Cross-Sectional Evidence From The Us And Australia, Hayley Christian, Lisa Wood, Andrea Nathan, Ichiro Kawachi, Stephen Houghton, Karen Martin, Sandra Mccune

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background We examined the relationship between dog walking and physical activity within and between four US cities and Australia and investigated if dog walking is associated with higher perceived safety in US and Australian cities. Methods Dog owners (n = 1113) in the Pet Connections Study completed a cross-sectional survey. Data were collected across four study sites; three in the US (San Diego, Nashville, Portland) and a fourth in Australia (Perth). Physical activity, local walking, dog walking, and individual and community perceptions of safety were analysed for dog walkers and non-dog walkers for each study site. Between-city comparisons were examined for ...


Using An Audit Tool (Maps Global) To Assess The Characteristics Of The Physical Environment Related To Walking For Transport In Youth: Reliability Of Belgian Data, Griet Vanwolleghem, Ariane Ghekiere, Greet Cardon, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Sara D'Haese, Carrie M. Geremia, Matthieu Lenoir, James F. Sallis, Hannah Verhoeven, Delfien Van Dyck Jan 2016

Using An Audit Tool (Maps Global) To Assess The Characteristics Of The Physical Environment Related To Walking For Transport In Youth: Reliability Of Belgian Data, Griet Vanwolleghem, Ariane Ghekiere, Greet Cardon, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Sara D'Haese, Carrie M. Geremia, Matthieu Lenoir, James F. Sallis, Hannah Verhoeven, Delfien Van Dyck

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: The aim was to examine inter-rater and alternate-form reliability of the Microscale Audit of Pedestrian Streetscapes (MAPS) Global tool to assess the physical environment along likely walking routes in Belgium. Methods: For 65 children participating in the BEPAS-children study, routes between their individual homes and the nearest pre-defined destination were defined. Using MAPS Global, physical environmental characteristics of the routes were audited by 4 trained auditors (2 on-site, 2 online using Google Street View). Inter-rater reliability was studied for on-site and online ratings separately. Alternate-form reliability was examined by comparing on-site with online ratings. Results: Inter-rater reliability for on-site ...


Exercise, Physical Activity, And Sedentary Behavior In The Treatment Of Depression: Broadening The Scientific Perspectives And Clinical Opportunities, Mats A. Hallgren, Matthew P. Herring, Neville Owen, David Wayne Dunstan, Örjan Ekblom, Björg Helgadottir, Olivia Aya Nakitanda, Yvonne Forsell Jan 2016

Exercise, Physical Activity, And Sedentary Behavior In The Treatment Of Depression: Broadening The Scientific Perspectives And Clinical Opportunities, Mats A. Hallgren, Matthew P. Herring, Neville Owen, David Wayne Dunstan, Örjan Ekblom, Björg Helgadottir, Olivia Aya Nakitanda, Yvonne Forsell

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Research exploring links between exercise and depression now span several decades, yet several clinically relevant research questions remain unanswered. This opinion article briefly describes the status of selected research issues from the exercise depression literature and offer insights into research areas that are currently lacking. We draw particular attention to the potential of research exploring links between sedentary behavior and depression.


Increasing Exercise Capacity And Quality Of Life Of Patients With Heart Failure Through Wii Gaming: The Rationale, Design And Methodology Of The Hf-Wii Study; A Multicentre Randomized Controlled Trial, Tiny Jaarsma, Leonie Verheijden Klompstra, Tuvia Ben Gal, Josiane Boyne, Ercole Vellone, Maria Back, Kenneth Dickstein, Bengt Fridlund, Arno W. Hoes, Massimo F. Piepoli, Oronzo Chiala, Jan Martensson, Anna Stromberg Jan 2015

Increasing Exercise Capacity And Quality Of Life Of Patients With Heart Failure Through Wii Gaming: The Rationale, Design And Methodology Of The Hf-Wii Study; A Multicentre Randomized Controlled Trial, Tiny Jaarsma, Leonie Verheijden Klompstra, Tuvia Ben Gal, Josiane Boyne, Ercole Vellone, Maria Back, Kenneth Dickstein, Bengt Fridlund, Arno W. Hoes, Massimo F. Piepoli, Oronzo Chiala, Jan Martensson, Anna Stromberg

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Aims: Exercise is known to be beneficial for patients with heart failure (HF), and these patients should therefore be routinely advised to exercise and to be or to become physically active. Despite the beneficial effects of exercise such as improved functional capacity and favourable clinical outcomes, the level of daily physical activity in most patients with HF is low. Exergaming may be a promising new approach to increase the physical activity of patients with HF at home. The aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of the structured introduction and access to a Wii game computer in patients ...


Physical Activity In Patients With Heart Failure: Barriers And Motivations With Special Focus On Sex Differences, Leonie Verheijden Klompstra, Tiny Jaarsma, Anna Stromberg Jan 2015

Physical Activity In Patients With Heart Failure: Barriers And Motivations With Special Focus On Sex Differences, Leonie Verheijden Klompstra, Tiny Jaarsma, Anna Stromberg

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Adherence to recommendations for physical activity is low in both male and female patients with heart failure (HF). Men are more physically active than women. In order to successfully promote physical activity, it is therefore essential to explore how much and why HF patients are physically active and if this is related to sex. The aim of this study was therefore to evaluate physical activity in HF patients, to describe the factors related to physical activity, and to examine potential barriers and motivations to physical activity with special focus on sex differences. Methods: The study had a cross-sectional survey ...


The Potential Role Of Exercise In Neuro-Oncology, Prue Cormie, Anna K. Nowak, Suzanne K. Chambers, Daniel A. Galvão, Robert U. Newton Jan 2015

The Potential Role Of Exercise In Neuro-Oncology, Prue Cormie, Anna K. Nowak, Suzanne K. Chambers, Daniel A. Galvão, Robert U. Newton

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

No abstract provided.


Physical Activity Through Sustainable Transport Approaches (Pasta): Protocol For A Multi-Centre, Longitudinal Study, Evi Dons, Thomas Götschi, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Audrey De Nazelle, Esther Anaya, Ione Avila-Palencia, Christian Brand, Tom Cole-Hunter, Mailin Gaupp-Berghausen, Sonja Kahlmeier, Michelle Laeremans, Natalie Mueller, Juan Pablo Orjuela, Elisabeth Raser, David Rojas-Rueda, Arnout Standaert, Erik Stigell, Tina Uhlmann, Regine Gerike, Luc Int Panis Jan 2015

Physical Activity Through Sustainable Transport Approaches (Pasta): Protocol For A Multi-Centre, Longitudinal Study, Evi Dons, Thomas Götschi, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Audrey De Nazelle, Esther Anaya, Ione Avila-Palencia, Christian Brand, Tom Cole-Hunter, Mailin Gaupp-Berghausen, Sonja Kahlmeier, Michelle Laeremans, Natalie Mueller, Juan Pablo Orjuela, Elisabeth Raser, David Rojas-Rueda, Arnout Standaert, Erik Stigell, Tina Uhlmann, Regine Gerike, Luc Int Panis

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Physical inactivity is one of the leading risk factors for non-communicable diseases, yet many are not sufficiently active. The Physical Activity through Sustainable Transport Approaches (PASTA) study aims to better understand active mobility (walking and cycling for transport solely or in combination with public transport) as an innovative approach to integrate physical activity into individuals’ everyday lives. The PASTA study will collect data of multiple cities in a longitudinal cohort design to study correlates of active mobility, its effect on overall physical activity, crash risk and exposure to traffic-related air pollution. Methods/Design: A set of online questionnaires incorporating ...


How Active Are People In Metropolitan Parks? An Observational Study Of Park Visitation In Australia, Jenny Veitch, Alison Carver, Gavin Abbott, Billie Giles-Corti, Anna Timperio, Jo Salmon Jan 2015

How Active Are People In Metropolitan Parks? An Observational Study Of Park Visitation In Australia, Jenny Veitch, Alison Carver, Gavin Abbott, Billie Giles-Corti, Anna Timperio, Jo Salmon

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Parks are generally an under-utilized resource in the community with great potential to enhance levels of physical activity. If parks are to attract more visitors across a broad cross-section of the population and facilitate increased physical activity, research is needed to better understand park visitor characteristics and how visitors spend their time in parks. The Recording and EValuating Activity in a Modified Park (REVAMP) study is a natural experiment monitoring a park upgrade in a low socioeconomic status (SES) neighborhood. This study described the observed baseline characteristics of park visitors (age, sex) and characteristics of visitation (weekday or weekend ...