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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

The Impact Of A Park Refurbishment In A Low Socioeconomic Area On Physical Activity: A Cost-Effectiveness Study, Anita Lal, Marj Moodie, Gavin Abbott, Alison Carver, Jo Salmon, Billie Giles-Corti, Anna Timperio, Jenny Veitch Jan 2019

The Impact Of A Park Refurbishment In A Low Socioeconomic Area On Physical Activity: A Cost-Effectiveness Study, Anita Lal, Marj Moodie, Gavin Abbott, Alison Carver, Jo Salmon, Billie Giles-Corti, Anna Timperio, Jenny Veitch

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background Physical inactivity is the fourth highest cause of death globally and is a major contributor to increases in healthcare expenditure. Improving public open spaces such as parks in areas of low socio-economic position (SEP) may increase recreational physical activity in disadvantaged populations. We assessed the cost-effectiveness of the installation of a play-space in a large metropolitan park in a low socioeconomic area based on changes in physical activity. Methods Observational data of visitor counts and activities undertaken in the park before the installation of the new play-scape (T1), at two months (T2) and 14 months post-installation (T3) were obtained ...


Traffic Related Air Pollution And The Burden Of Childhood Asthma In The Contiguous United States In 2000 And 2010, Raed Alotaibi, Mathew Bechle, Julian D. Marshall, Tara Ramani, Josias Zietsman, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Haneen Khreis Jan 2019

Traffic Related Air Pollution And The Burden Of Childhood Asthma In The Contiguous United States In 2000 And 2010, Raed Alotaibi, Mathew Bechle, Julian D. Marshall, Tara Ramani, Josias Zietsman, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Haneen Khreis

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background Asthma is one of the leading chronic airway diseases among children in the United States (US). Emerging evidence indicates that Traffic Related Air Pollution (TRAP), as opposed to ambient air pollution, leads to the onset of childhood asthma. We estimated the number of incident asthma cases among children attributable to TRAP in the contiguous US, for the years 2000 and 2010. Methods The number of incident childhood asthma cases and percentage due to TRAP were estimated using standard burden of disease assessment methods. We combined children (<18 years) counts and pollutant exposures at populated US census blocks with a national asthma incidence rate and meta-analysis derived concentration response functions (CRF). NO2, PM2.5 and PM10 were used as surrogates of TRAP exposures, with NO2 being most specific. Annual average concentrations were obtained from previously validated land-use regression (LUR) models. Asthma incidence rate and a CRF for each pollutant were obtained from the literature. Estimates were stratified by urban or rural living and by median household income. We also estimated the number of preventable cases among blocks that exceeded the limit for two counterfactual scenarios. The first scenario used the recommended air quality annual averages from the World Health Organization (WHO) as a limit. The second scenario used the minimum modeled concentration for each pollutant, in either year, as a limit. Results Average concentrations in 2000 and 2010, respectively, were 20.6 and 13.2 μg/m3 for NO2, 12.1 and 9 μg/m3 for PM2.5 and 21.5 and 17.9 μg/m3 for PM10. Attributable number of cases ranged between 209,100–331,200 for the year 2000 and 141,900–286,500 for 2010, depending on the pollutant. Asthma incident cases due to TRAP represented 27%–42% of all cases in 2000 and 18%–36% in 2010. Percentage of cases due to TRAP were higher (1) in urban areas than rural areas, and (2) in block groups with lowest median household income. Online open-access interactive maps and tables summarizing findings at the county level and 498 major US cities, are available at [https://carteehdata.org/l/s/TRAP-burden-of-childhood-asthma]. Assuming that pollutants did not exceed WHO air quality recommendations, the number of incident cases that could have been prevented ranged between 300 and 53,400, depending on the pollutant and year. Assuming that pollutant levels were limited to the minimum modeled concentration, the number of childhood asthma incident cases that could have been prevented ranged between 127,700 and 317,600, depending on the pollutant and year. Conclusion This is the first study to estimate the burden of incident childhood asthma attributable to TRAP at a national scale in the US. The attributable burden of childhood asthma dropped by 33% between 2000 and 2010. However, a significant proportion of cases can be prevented.


Outdoor Play Decision-Making By Families, Schools, And Local Government For Children With Disabilities, Julia Sterman Apr 2018

Outdoor Play Decision-Making By Families, Schools, And Local Government For Children With Disabilities, Julia Sterman

Theses

Introduction: Play is a right for all children and an essential childhood occupation. Yet, children with disabilities experience exclusion from outdoor play participation. How children’ skills interact with the environment in which they live, notably their family, school, and community, shapes their play choice.

Aim: The aim of this study was to understand outdoor play decision-making at family, school, and local government levels for primary school-age children with disabilities. Method: A multiple-perspective case study allowed for comprehensive understanding of the phenomenon of outdoor play decision-making. Data collection included: interviews with five parents of children with disabilities, four teaching assistants, three ...


More A Marathon Than A Hurdle: Towards Children’S Informed Consent In A Study On Safety [Accepted Manuscript], Tim Moore, Morag Mcarthur, Debbie Noble-Carr Feb 2018

More A Marathon Than A Hurdle: Towards Children’S Informed Consent In A Study On Safety [Accepted Manuscript], Tim Moore, Morag Mcarthur, Debbie Noble-Carr

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Informed consent is critical in research with children. Although much has been written about the need to see consent as an ongoing process, less has considered how to do it in practice. This article reflects on the authors’ experiences of conducting a piece of research focusing on children’s experiences of safety from abuse within institutional contexts. It draws on feedback provided by participants and the guidance of three Children’s Reference Groups. The importance of presenting information in accessible and appropriate ways, of providing opportunities for participants to negotiate their participation and for in-the-moment challenges be dealt with collaboratively ...


Development Of Preferences For Differently Aged Faces Of Different Races [Accepted Manuscript], Michelle Heron-Delaney, Paul C. Quinn, Fabrice Damon, Kang Lee, Olivier Pascalis Jan 2018

Development Of Preferences For Differently Aged Faces Of Different Races [Accepted Manuscript], Michelle Heron-Delaney, Paul C. Quinn, Fabrice Damon, Kang Lee, Olivier Pascalis

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Children's experiences with differently aged faces changes in the course of development. During infancy, most faces encountered are adult, however as children mature, exposure to child faces becomes more extensive. Does this change in experience influence preference for differently aged faces? The preferences of children for adult vs. child, and adult vs. infant faces were investigated. Caucasian 3‐ to 6‐year‐olds and adults were presented with adult/child and adult/infant face pairs which were either Caucasian or Asian (race consistent within pairs). Younger children (3–4 years) preferred adults over children whereas older children (5–6 years ...


The Human Right To Communicate And Our Need To Listen: Learning From People With A History Of Childhood Communication Disorder, Jane Mccormack, Elise Baker, Kathryn Crowe Jan 2018

The Human Right To Communicate And Our Need To Listen: Learning From People With A History Of Childhood Communication Disorder, Jane Mccormack, Elise Baker, Kathryn Crowe

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Purpose: In 2013, the Australian Government Senate formed a committee for inquiry and report into the prevalence of speech, language, and communication disorders and speech pathology services in Australia. Submissions were sought from individuals and organisations. In this paper, submissions made by individuals with a history of childhood communication disorder were examined to explore their life experiences and the impact on their lives when the right to communicate could not be enacted. Method: There were 305 submissions to the Australian Government Senate Committee Inquiry, of which 288 were publically accessible. In this study, the submissions (n = 17) from children or ...


An Exploration Of Indonesian Nurses' Perceptions Of Barriers To Paediatric Pain Management, Henny Suzana Mediani, Ravani Duggan, Rose Chapman, Alison Hutton, Linda Shields Jan 2017

An Exploration Of Indonesian Nurses' Perceptions Of Barriers To Paediatric Pain Management, Henny Suzana Mediani, Ravani Duggan, Rose Chapman, Alison Hutton, Linda Shields

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

There is a dearth of research in Indonesia regarding pain management in children. Previous studies have identified that although a variety of research and clinical studies on all aspects of pain have been conducted in many countries, children continue to experience moderate to severe pain during hospitalization. Greater research efforts are needed to identify and explore the factors that impede effective pain management in children. To address this gap, the researchers conducted an exploratory descriptive qualitative study to capture Indonesian nurses’ perceptions of barriers to paediatric pain management in two hospitals. Using purposive sampling, data were collected from 37 nurses ...


Qualitative Process Evaluation Of An Australian Alcohol Media Literacy Study: Recommendations For Designing Culturally Responsive School-Based Programs, Chloe S. Gordon, Lisa Kervin, Sandra Jones, Steven J. Howard Jan 2017

Qualitative Process Evaluation Of An Australian Alcohol Media Literacy Study: Recommendations For Designing Culturally Responsive School-Based Programs, Chloe S. Gordon, Lisa Kervin, Sandra Jones, Steven J. Howard

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Alcohol media literacy programs seek to mitigate the potentially harmful effects of alcohol advertising on children’s drinking intentions and behaviours through equipping them with skills to challenge media messages. In order for such programs to be effective, the teaching and learning experiences must be tailored to their specific cultural context. Media in the Spotlight is an alcohol media literacy program aimed at 9 to 12 year old Australian children. This study evaluates the process and implementation of the program, outlining the factors that facilitated and inhibited implementation. From this evaluation, a pedagogical framework has been developed for health ...


A Systematic Review Of Children's Alcohol-Related Knowledge, Attitudes And Expectancies, Sandra C. Jones, Chloe S. Gordon Jan 2017

A Systematic Review Of Children's Alcohol-Related Knowledge, Attitudes And Expectancies, Sandra C. Jones, Chloe S. Gordon

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Understanding the nature of, and transitions in, young children's alcohol-related knowledge and attitudes is important to determining the age at which we should start educating children about alcohol and informing our understanding of the focus of such education. This paper aimed to explore current literature on the alcohol-related knowledge, beliefs, attitudes and expectancies of children aged 12 years and under. Electronic databases were searched for papers published from January 2000–August 2016. Further papers were identified by a manual review of reference lists, and contacting corresponding authors of included papers. Papers that reported on children's knowledge or beliefs ...


Puppets In An Acute Paediatric Unit: Nurse's Experiences, Kerry Reid-Searl, Loretto Quinney, Trudy Dwyer, Lea Vieth, Lori Nancarrow, Bree Walker Jan 2017

Puppets In An Acute Paediatric Unit: Nurse's Experiences, Kerry Reid-Searl, Loretto Quinney, Trudy Dwyer, Lea Vieth, Lori Nancarrow, Bree Walker

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Puppets have been used for play and in education with children in a variety of contexts, including health care. There is however a dearth of literature that explains nurses’ experiences when using puppets in a paediatric health care context nor any process to guide how they use puppets. In 2007 an educational framework called the Pup-Ed (KRS Simulation) was developed to assist nurses and educators in using puppets. In 2012 nurses (n = 13) from a regional paediatric acute care setting, who had been educated in the Pup-Ed (KRS Simulation) framework, described their experiences using puppets when caring for sick children ...


Social Inclusion For Children With Hearing Loss In Listening And Spoken Language Early Intervention: An Exploratory Study, Gabriella Constantinescu-Sharpe, Rebecca L. Phillips, Aleisha Davis, Dimity Dornan, Anthony Hogan Jan 2017

Social Inclusion For Children With Hearing Loss In Listening And Spoken Language Early Intervention: An Exploratory Study, Gabriella Constantinescu-Sharpe, Rebecca L. Phillips, Aleisha Davis, Dimity Dornan, Anthony Hogan

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Social inclusion is a common focus of listening and spoken language ( LSL ) early intervention for children with hearing loss. This exploratory study compared the social inclusion of young children with hearing loss educated using a listening and spoken language approach with population data. Methods: A framework for understanding the scope of social inclusion is presented in the Background. This framework guided the use of a shortened, modified version of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children ( LSAC ) to measure two of the five facets of social inclusion ( ‘education’ and ‘interacting with society and fulfilling social goals’ ). The survey was completed ...


A Descriptive Study Of The Participation Of Children And Adolescents In Activities Outside School, Christine Imms, Elspeth H. Froude, Brooke Adair, Nora Shields Jan 2016

A Descriptive Study Of The Participation Of Children And Adolescents In Activities Outside School, Christine Imms, Elspeth H. Froude, Brooke Adair, Nora Shields

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Knowledge about patterns of participation can be used to highlight groups of children and adolescents with low attendance, or low involvement in activities and who may therefore be at risk of mental or physical health concerns. This study used the Children’s Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment (CAPE) and the Preferences for Activity of Children (PAC) to describe the patterns of participation of children and adolescents in activities outside mandated school in Victoria, Australia. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of Victorian children and adolescents was conducted. Eligible participants were aged 6 to 18 years, enrolled in mainstream schools, with sufficient ...


Minimising Impariment: Protocol For A Multicentre Randomised Controlled Trial Of Upper Limb Orthoses For Children With Cerebral Palsy, Christine Imms, Margaret Wallen, Catherine Elliott, Brian Hoare, Melinda Joy Randall, Susan Greaves, Brooke Adair, Elizabeth Bradshaw, Rob Carter, Francesca Orsini, Sophy T. F. Shih, Dinah S. Reddihough Jan 2016

Minimising Impariment: Protocol For A Multicentre Randomised Controlled Trial Of Upper Limb Orthoses For Children With Cerebral Palsy, Christine Imms, Margaret Wallen, Catherine Elliott, Brian Hoare, Melinda Joy Randall, Susan Greaves, Brooke Adair, Elizabeth Bradshaw, Rob Carter, Francesca Orsini, Sophy T. F. Shih, Dinah S. Reddihough

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Upper limb orthoses are frequently prescribed for children with cerebral palsy ( CP ) who have muscle overactivity predominantly due to spasticity, with little evidence of long-term effectiveness. Clinical consensus is that orthoses help to preserve range of movement: nevertheless, they can be complex to construct, expensive, uncomfortable and require commitment from parents and children to wear. This protocol paper describes a randomised controlled trial to evaluate whether long-term use of rigid wrist/hand orthoses ( WHO ) in children with CP, combined with usual multidisciplinary care, can prevent or reduce musculoskeletal impairments, including muscle stiffness/tone and loss of movement range, compared ...


Paediatric Trauma Systems And Their Impact On The Health Outcomes Of Severely Injured Children: Protocol For A Mixed Methods Cohort Study, Kate Curtis, Amy Mccarthy, Rebecca Mitchell, Deborah Black, Kim Foster, Stephen Jan, Brian Burns, Gary Tall, Oran Rigby, Russell Gruen, Belinda Kennedy, Andrew J. A. Holland Jan 2016

Paediatric Trauma Systems And Their Impact On The Health Outcomes Of Severely Injured Children: Protocol For A Mixed Methods Cohort Study, Kate Curtis, Amy Mccarthy, Rebecca Mitchell, Deborah Black, Kim Foster, Stephen Jan, Brian Burns, Gary Tall, Oran Rigby, Russell Gruen, Belinda Kennedy, Andrew J. A. Holland

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background Injury is a leading cause of death and disability for children. Regionalised trauma systems have improved outcomes for severely injured adults, however the impact of adult orientated trauma systems on the outcomes of severely injured children remains unclear. The objective of this study is to review the processes of care and describe the impacts of a regionalised trauma system on the outcomes of severely injured children. Methods This article describes the design of a mixed methods cohort study evaluating the paediatric trauma system in New South Wales (NSW), the most populous state in Australia. Recommendations and an implementation strategy ...


Using An Audit Tool (Maps Global) To Assess The Characteristics Of The Physical Environment Related To Walking For Transport In Youth: Reliability Of Belgian Data, Griet Vanwolleghem, Ariane Ghekiere, Greet Cardon, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Sara D'Haese, Carrie M. Geremia, Matthieu Lenoir, James F. Sallis, Hannah Verhoeven, Delfien Van Dyck Jan 2016

Using An Audit Tool (Maps Global) To Assess The Characteristics Of The Physical Environment Related To Walking For Transport In Youth: Reliability Of Belgian Data, Griet Vanwolleghem, Ariane Ghekiere, Greet Cardon, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Sara D'Haese, Carrie M. Geremia, Matthieu Lenoir, James F. Sallis, Hannah Verhoeven, Delfien Van Dyck

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: The aim was to examine inter-rater and alternate-form reliability of the Microscale Audit of Pedestrian Streetscapes (MAPS) Global tool to assess the physical environment along likely walking routes in Belgium. Methods: For 65 children participating in the BEPAS-children study, routes between their individual homes and the nearest pre-defined destination were defined. Using MAPS Global, physical environmental characteristics of the routes were audited by 4 trained auditors (2 on-site, 2 online using Google Street View). Inter-rater reliability was studied for on-site and online ratings separately. Alternate-form reliability was examined by comparing on-site with online ratings. Results: Inter-rater reliability for on-site ...


The Experiences, Unmet Needs And Outcomes Of Parents Of Severely Injured Children: A Longitudinal Mixed Methods Study Protocol, Kim N. Foster, Kate Curtis, Rebecca Mitchell, Connie Van, Alexandra Young Jan 2016

The Experiences, Unmet Needs And Outcomes Of Parents Of Severely Injured Children: A Longitudinal Mixed Methods Study Protocol, Kim N. Foster, Kate Curtis, Rebecca Mitchell, Connie Van, Alexandra Young

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Being the parent of a severely injured child involves many stressors throughout the trauma journey. Internationally, little is known about the experiences or levels of emotional distress, parenting stress, quality of life, and resilience for parents of injured children. The aim of this study is to investigate the experiences, unmet needs and outcomes of parents of physically injured children 0–12 years over the 2 year period following injury. Methods/design: This is a prospective longitudinal study using an embedded mixed methods design. This design has a primary qualitative strand which incorporates supplementary quantitative data on child quality of ...


Minimising Impairment: Protocol For A Multicentre Randomised Controlled Trial Of Upper Limb Orthoses For Children With Cerebral Palsy, Christine Imms, Margaret Wallen, Catherine M. Elliott, Brian Hoare, Melinda Joy Randall, Susan Greaves, Brooke Adair, Elizabeth Jane Bradshaw, Robert Carter, Francesca Orsini, Sophy T. F. Shih, Dinah S. Reddihough Jan 2016

Minimising Impairment: Protocol For A Multicentre Randomised Controlled Trial Of Upper Limb Orthoses For Children With Cerebral Palsy, Christine Imms, Margaret Wallen, Catherine M. Elliott, Brian Hoare, Melinda Joy Randall, Susan Greaves, Brooke Adair, Elizabeth Jane Bradshaw, Robert Carter, Francesca Orsini, Sophy T. F. Shih, Dinah S. Reddihough

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background Upper limb orthoses are frequently prescribed for children with cerebral palsy (CP) who have muscle overactivity predominantly due to spasticity, with little evidence of long-term effectiveness. Clinical consensus is that orthoses help to preserve range of movement: nevertheless, they can be complex to construct, expensive, uncomfortable and require commitment from parents and children to wear. This protocol paper describes a randomised controlled trial to evaluate whether long-term use of rigid wrist/hand orthoses (WHO) in children with CP, combined with usual multidisciplinary care, can prevent or reduce musculoskeletal impairments, including muscle stiffness/tone and loss of movement range, compared ...


Developing Family Rooms In Mental Health Inpatient Units: An Exploratory Descriptive Study, Sophie Isobel, Kim N. Foster, Clair Edwards Jan 2015

Developing Family Rooms In Mental Health Inpatient Units: An Exploratory Descriptive Study, Sophie Isobel, Kim N. Foster, Clair Edwards

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Family-friendly spaces for children and families to visit inpatient mental health units are recommended in international mental health guidelines as one way to provide service delivery that is responsive to the needs of parent-consumers and families. There is a lack of evidence on the implementation of family-friendly spaces or Family Rooms. This study aimed to explore the development, role, and function of Family Rooms in four mental health inpatient units in a local health district in NSW Australia. Methods: An exploratory descriptive design using multiple data sources was employed. Methods included Family Room usage and parental status data over ...


A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial Of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy For Adolescents With Body Dysmorphic Disorder [Accepted Manuscript], David Mataix-Cols, Lorena Fernández De La Cruz, Kayoko Isomura, Martin Anson, Cynthia Michelle Turner, Benedetta Monzani, Jacinda Cadman, Laura Bowyer, Isobel Heyman, David Veale, Georgina Krebs Jan 2015

A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial Of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy For Adolescents With Body Dysmorphic Disorder [Accepted Manuscript], David Mataix-Cols, Lorena Fernández De La Cruz, Kayoko Isomura, Martin Anson, Cynthia Michelle Turner, Benedetta Monzani, Jacinda Cadman, Laura Bowyer, Isobel Heyman, David Veale, Georgina Krebs

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Objective: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) typically starts in adolescence, but evidence-based treatments are yet to be developed and formally evaluated in this age group. We designed an age-appropriate cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) protocol for adolescents with BDD and evaluated its acceptability and efficacy in a pilot randomized controlled trial. Method: Thirty adolescents aged 12 to 18 years (mean = 16.0, SD = 1.7) with a primary diagnosis of BDD, together with their families, were randomly assigned to 14 sessions of CBT delivered over 4 months or a control condition of equivalent duration, consisting of written psycho-education materials and weekly telephone monitoring ...


Neural Correlates Of Motor Deficits In Young Patients With Traumatic Brain Injury [Accepted Manuscript], Karen Caeyenberghs, Stephen Swinnen Jan 2015

Neural Correlates Of Motor Deficits In Young Patients With Traumatic Brain Injury [Accepted Manuscript], Karen Caeyenberghs, Stephen Swinnen

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

We discuss the changes in motor control as a result of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children and adolescents. Besides behavioral/kinematic studies, the neural correlates of altered motor control, examined by means of functional magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion tensor imaging, will be presented. These studies show evidence for not only principal deficits in the control of movements in young TBI patients but also plastic changes in the brain to compensate for these deficits.


Australia's Leading Public Health Body Delays Action On The Revision Of The Public Health Goal For Blood Lead Exposures, Mark Taylor, Chris Winder, Bruce P. Lanphear Jan 2014

Australia's Leading Public Health Body Delays Action On The Revision Of The Public Health Goal For Blood Lead Exposures, Mark Taylor, Chris Winder, Bruce P. Lanphear

Faculty of Law and Business Publications

Globally, childhood blood lead levels have fallen precipitously in developed countries since the 1970s following action by international bodies such as the WHO and Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. These reductions have been affected by the activities of national agencies such as the US EPA and US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the establishment of air lead and blood lead standards, the introduction of legislation to remove lead from petrol, paint and consumer products and tighter restrictions on lead emissions. The outcome of recent major international reviews of research into the effects of low-level ...


Research Priorities For Child And Adolescent Physical Activity And Sedentary Behaviours: An International Perspective Using A Twin-Panel Delphi Procedure, Lauren Gillis, Grant Tomkinson, Timothy S. Olds, Carla Moreira, Candice Christie, Claudio Nigg, Ester Cerin, Esther Van Sluijs, Gareth Stratton, Ian Janssen, Jeremy Dorovolomo, John J. Reilly, Jorge Mota, Kashef Zayed, Kent Kawalski, Lars Bo Andersen, Manuel Carrizosa, Mark S. Tremblay, Michael Chia, Mike Hamlin, Non Eleri Thomas, Ralph Maddison, Stuart Biddle, Trish Gorely, Vincent Onywera, Willem Van Mechelen Jan 2013

Research Priorities For Child And Adolescent Physical Activity And Sedentary Behaviours: An International Perspective Using A Twin-Panel Delphi Procedure, Lauren Gillis, Grant Tomkinson, Timothy S. Olds, Carla Moreira, Candice Christie, Claudio Nigg, Ester Cerin, Esther Van Sluijs, Gareth Stratton, Ian Janssen, Jeremy Dorovolomo, John J. Reilly, Jorge Mota, Kashef Zayed, Kent Kawalski, Lars Bo Andersen, Manuel Carrizosa, Mark S. Tremblay, Michael Chia, Mike Hamlin, Non Eleri Thomas, Ralph Maddison, Stuart Biddle, Trish Gorely, Vincent Onywera, Willem Van Mechelen

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: The quantity and quality of studies in child and adolescent physical activity and sedentary behaviour have rapidly increased, but research directions are often pursued in a reactive and uncoordinated manner. Aim: To arrive at an international consensus on research priorities in the area of child and adolescent physical activity and sedentary behaviour. Methods: Two independent panels, each consisting of 12 experts, undertook three rounds of a Delphi methodology. The Delphi methodology required experts to anonymously answer questions put forward by the researchers with feedback provided between each round. Results: The primary outcome of the study was a ranked set ...


Home Environment Relationships With Children's Physical Activity, Sedentary Time, And Screen Time By Socioeconomic Status, Pooja S. Tandon, Chuan Zhou, James F. Sallis, Kelli L. Cain, Lawrence D. Frank, Brian E. Saelens Jan 2012

Home Environment Relationships With Children's Physical Activity, Sedentary Time, And Screen Time By Socioeconomic Status, Pooja S. Tandon, Chuan Zhou, James F. Sallis, Kelli L. Cain, Lawrence D. Frank, Brian E. Saelens

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Children in households of lower socioeconomic status (SES) are more likely to be overweight/obese. We aimed to determine if home physical activity (PA) environments differed by SES and to explore home environment mediators of the relation of family SES to children’s PA and sedentary behavior. Methods: Participants were 715 children aged 6 to 11 from the Neighborhood Impact on Kids (NIK) Study. Household SES was examined using highest educational attainment and income. Home environment was measured by parent report on a survey. Outcomes were child’s accelerometer-measured PA and parent-reported screen time. Mediation analyses were conducted for ...


Contribution Of Gait Analysis To The Understanding Of Motor Development, Cameron Wilson Mar 2009

Contribution Of Gait Analysis To The Understanding Of Motor Development, Cameron Wilson

Theses

Findings from two studies are presented. Both focused on the gait of Australian primary aged children and the information that this fundamental motor skill provides towards understanding the development of motor performance. In study one 87 (47 male, 40 female) children (5 - 9 years) participated. Children were tested using the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (MABC) (Henderson & Sugden, 1996), and the GAITRite walkway system. Gait parameters of the motor impaired and typically developing children were compared. Walking at a self-selected normal pace the motor impaired children did not significantly differ from their typically developing peers. A comparison of the gait ...