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Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Australian Catholic University

Built environment

2018

Articles 1 - 3 of 3

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

The Contribution Of The Neighbourhood Environment To The Relationship Between Neighbourhood Disadvantage And Physical Function Among Middle-Aged To Older Adults, Hui Yee Loh Jun 2018

The Contribution Of The Neighbourhood Environment To The Relationship Between Neighbourhood Disadvantage And Physical Function Among Middle-Aged To Older Adults, Hui Yee Loh

Theses

Background

With the continuing increases in life expectancies in developed countries, an important public health goal is to ensure successful ageing—morbidity compression, maintenance of physical functioning and active engagement in life. It is well established that the onset of physical function decline begins in mid-life, and functional capacity is critical to maintaining mobility, independence and quality of life. A growing body of literature has found that residents of more disadvantaged neighbourhoods have significantly poorer physical function, independent of individual-level factors. However, the mechanisms through which neighbourhood environments are associated with this relationship remain largely unknown.

The overarching aim of ...


Cross-Sectional And Prospective Associations Of Neighbourhood Environmental Attributes With Screen Time In Japanese Middle-Aged And Older Adults, Yung Liao, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Javad Koohsari, Koichiro Oka Jan 2018

Cross-Sectional And Prospective Associations Of Neighbourhood Environmental Attributes With Screen Time In Japanese Middle-Aged And Older Adults, Yung Liao, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Javad Koohsari, Koichiro Oka

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Objectives This study examined cross-sectional and 2-year prospective associations of perceived and objectively measured environmental attributes with screen time among middle-Aged Japanese adults. Design Prospective cohort study. Setting Nerima and Kanuma cities of Japan. Participants Data were collected from adults aged 40-69 years living in two cities of Japan in 2011 (baseline: n=1011; 55.3±8.4 years) and again in 2013 (follow-up: n=533; 52.7% of baseline sample). Measures The exposure variables were five geographic information system-based and perceived attributes of neighbourhood environments (residential density, access to shops and public transport, footpaths, street connectivity), respectively. The outcome ...


Objectively Measured Neighborhood Walkability And Changed In Physical Activity In Older Japanese Adults: A Five-Year Cohort Study, Hiroyuki Kikuchi, Tomoki Nakaya, Tomoya Hanibuchi, Noritoshi Fukushima, Shiho Amagasa, Koichiro Oka, Jim Sallis, Shigeru Inoue Jan 2018

Objectively Measured Neighborhood Walkability And Changed In Physical Activity In Older Japanese Adults: A Five-Year Cohort Study, Hiroyuki Kikuchi, Tomoki Nakaya, Tomoya Hanibuchi, Noritoshi Fukushima, Shiho Amagasa, Koichiro Oka, Jim Sallis, Shigeru Inoue

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Objectives:
This study investigated the longitudinal association between changes in older adults’ physical activity and neighborhood walkability measured by geographic information systems (GISs, (ArcGIS, ESRI Inc., Redlands, CA, USA)). Methods: A mail survey was conducted for Japanese older adults who were randomly selected from three different settlement types. Data on walking, total moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and sociodemographic characteristics were collected at baseline (in 2010) and follow-up (in 2015). Multiple linear regression analyses were employed to assess the association between MVPA change and neighborhood walkability, adjusted for potential confounders. Effect sizes for independent variables on MVPA change were ...