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Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Australian Catholic University

Built environment

2017

Articles 1 - 2 of 2

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

International Comparison Of Observation-Specific Spatial Buffers: Maximizing The Ability To Estimate Physical Activity, Lawrence D. Frank, Eric H. Fox, Jared M. Ulmer, James E. Chapman, Suzanne E. Kershaw, James F. Sallis, Terry L. Conway, Ester Cerin, Kelli L. Cain, Marc A. Adams, Graham R. Smith, Erica Hinckson, Suzanne Mavoa, Lars Breum Christiansen, Adriano Akira F. Hino, Adalberto A. S. Lopes, Jasper Schipperijn Jan 2017

International Comparison Of Observation-Specific Spatial Buffers: Maximizing The Ability To Estimate Physical Activity, Lawrence D. Frank, Eric H. Fox, Jared M. Ulmer, James E. Chapman, Suzanne E. Kershaw, James F. Sallis, Terry L. Conway, Ester Cerin, Kelli L. Cain, Marc A. Adams, Graham R. Smith, Erica Hinckson, Suzanne Mavoa, Lars Breum Christiansen, Adriano Akira F. Hino, Adalberto A. S. Lopes, Jasper Schipperijn

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Advancements in geographic information systems over the past two decades have increased the specificity by which an individual’s neighborhood environment may be spatially defined for physical activity and health research. This study investigated how different types of street network buffering methods compared in measuring a set of commonly used built environment measures (BEMs) and tested their performance on associations with physical activity outcomes. Methods: An internationally-developed set of objective BEMs using three different spatial buffering techniques were used to evaluate the relative differences in resulting explanatory power on self-reported physical activity outcomes. BEMs were developed in five countries ...


Public Open Spaces And Leisure-Time Walking In Brazilian Adults, Alex Antonio Florindo, Ligia Vizeu Barrozo, William Cabral-Miranda, Eduardo Quieroti Rodrigues, Gavin Turrell, Moisés Goldbaum, Chester Luiz Galvão Cesar, Billie Giles-Corti Jan 2017

Public Open Spaces And Leisure-Time Walking In Brazilian Adults, Alex Antonio Florindo, Ligia Vizeu Barrozo, William Cabral-Miranda, Eduardo Quieroti Rodrigues, Gavin Turrell, Moisés Goldbaum, Chester Luiz Galvão Cesar, Billie Giles-Corti

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Access to public open space is important to increase leisure-time walking (LTW) in high-income countries, but there is little evidence in middle-income countries. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis to examine the relationship between LTW and the presence of different public open spaces (parks, bike paths, and squares) and the mix of these recreational destinations near the homes of adults participating in the Sao Paulo Health Survey (n = 3145). LTW was evaluated by a questionnaire. We delineated buffers (500, 1000, and 1500 m) from the geographic coordinates of the adults’ residential addresses using a geographic information system. We used multilevel logistic ...