Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Australian Catholic University

Built environment

2016

Discipline

Articles 1 - 3 of 3

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Walkability And Walking For Transport: Characterizing The Built Environment Using Space Syntax, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Neville Owen, Ester Cerin, Billie Giles-Corti, Takemi Sugiyama Jan 2016

Walkability And Walking For Transport: Characterizing The Built Environment Using Space Syntax, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Neville Owen, Ester Cerin, Billie Giles-Corti, Takemi Sugiyama

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Neighborhood walkability has been shown to be associated with walking behavior. However, the availability of geographical data necessary to construct it remains a limitation. Building on the concept of space syntax, we propose an alternative walkability index, space syntax walkability (SSW). This study examined associations of the full walkability index and SSW with walking for transport (WT). Methods: Data were collected in 2003–2004 from 2544 adults living in 154 Census Collection Districts (CCD) in Adelaide, Australia. Participants reported past week WT frequency. Full walkability (consisting of net residential density, intersection density, land use mix, and net retail area ...


Using An Audit Tool (Maps Global) To Assess The Characteristics Of The Physical Environment Related To Walking For Transport In Youth: Reliability Of Belgian Data, Griet Vanwolleghem, Ariane Ghekiere, Greet Cardon, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Sara D'Haese, Carrie M. Geremia, Matthieu Lenoir, James F. Sallis, Hannah Verhoeven, Delfien Van Dyck Jan 2016

Using An Audit Tool (Maps Global) To Assess The Characteristics Of The Physical Environment Related To Walking For Transport In Youth: Reliability Of Belgian Data, Griet Vanwolleghem, Ariane Ghekiere, Greet Cardon, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Sara D'Haese, Carrie M. Geremia, Matthieu Lenoir, James F. Sallis, Hannah Verhoeven, Delfien Van Dyck

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: The aim was to examine inter-rater and alternate-form reliability of the Microscale Audit of Pedestrian Streetscapes (MAPS) Global tool to assess the physical environment along likely walking routes in Belgium. Methods: For 65 children participating in the BEPAS-children study, routes between their individual homes and the nearest pre-defined destination were defined. Using MAPS Global, physical environmental characteristics of the routes were audited by 4 trained auditors (2 on-site, 2 online using Google Street View). Inter-rater reliability was studied for on-site and online ratings separately. Alternate-form reliability was examined by comparing on-site with online ratings. Results: Inter-rater reliability for on-site ...


Development Of Measures To Evaluate Youth Advocacy For Obesity Prevention, Rachel A. Millstein, Susan I. Woodruff, Leslie S. Linton, Christine C. Edwards, James F. Sallis Jan 2016

Development Of Measures To Evaluate Youth Advocacy For Obesity Prevention, Rachel A. Millstein, Susan I. Woodruff, Leslie S. Linton, Christine C. Edwards, James F. Sallis

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Youth advocacy has been successfully used in substance use prevention but is a novel strategy in obesity prevention. As a precondition for building an evidence base for youth advocacy for obesity prevention, the present study aimed to develop and evaluate measures of youth advocacy mediator, process, and outcome variables. Methods: The Youth Engagement and Action for Health (YEAH!) program (San Diego County, CA) engaged youth and adult group leaders in advocacy for school and neighborhood improvements to nutrition and physical activity environments. Based on a model of youth advocacy, scales were developed to assess mediators, intervention processes, and proximal ...