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Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Australian Catholic University

Built environment

2013

Articles 1 - 5 of 5

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

People Living In Hilly Residential Areas In Metropolitan Perth Have Less Diabetes: Spurious Association Or Important Environmental Determinant?, Karen Villanueva, Matthew Knuiman, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Sharyn Hickey, Sarah Foster, Hannah Badland, Andrea Grace Nathan, Fiona Bull, Billie Giles-Corti Jan 2013

People Living In Hilly Residential Areas In Metropolitan Perth Have Less Diabetes: Spurious Association Or Important Environmental Determinant?, Karen Villanueva, Matthew Knuiman, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Sharyn Hickey, Sarah Foster, Hannah Badland, Andrea Grace Nathan, Fiona Bull, Billie Giles-Corti

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Variations in ‘slope’ (how steep or flat the ground is) may be good for health. As walking up hills is a physiologically vigorous physical activity and can contribute to weight control, greater neighbourhood slopes may provide a protective barrier to weight gain, and help prevent Type 2 diabetes onset. We explored whether living in ‘hilly’ neighbourhoods was associated with diabetes prevalence among the Australian adult population.


Engineering Online And In-Person Social Networks To Sustain Physical Activity: Application Of A Conceptual Model, Liza S. Rovniak, James F. Sallis, Jennifer L. Kraschnewski, Christopher N. Sciamanna, Elizabeth J. Kiser, Chester A. Ray, Vernon M. Chinchilli, Ding Ding, Stephen A. Matthews, Melissa Bopp, Daniel R. George, Melbourne F. Hovell Jan 2013

Engineering Online And In-Person Social Networks To Sustain Physical Activity: Application Of A Conceptual Model, Liza S. Rovniak, James F. Sallis, Jennifer L. Kraschnewski, Christopher N. Sciamanna, Elizabeth J. Kiser, Chester A. Ray, Vernon M. Chinchilli, Ding Ding, Stephen A. Matthews, Melissa Bopp, Daniel R. George, Melbourne F. Hovell

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: High rates of physical inactivity compromise the health status of populations globally. Social networks have been shown to influence physical activity (PA), but little is known about how best to engineer social networks to sustain PA. To improve procedures for building networks that shape PA as a normative behavior, there is a need for more specific hypotheses about how social variables influence PA. There is also a need to integrate concepts from network science with ecological concepts that often guide the design of in-person and electronically-mediated interventions. Therefore, this paper: (1) proposes a conceptual model that integrates principles from ...


Perceived Neighborhood Environment And Physical Activity In 11 Countries: Do Associations Differ By Country?, Ding Ding, Marc A. Adams, James F. Sallis, Gregory J. Norman, Melbourn F. Hovell, Christina D. Chambers, C. Richard Hofstetter, Heather R. Bowles, Maria Hagstromer, Cora L. Craig, Luis Fernando Gomez, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Duncan J. Macfarlane, Barbara Ainsworth, Patrick Bergman, Fiona C. Bull, Harriette Carr, Lena Klasson-Heggebo, Shigeru Inoue, Norio Murase, Sandra Matsudo, Victor Matsudo, Grant Mclean, Michael Sjöström, Heidi Tomten, Johan Lefevre, Vida Volbekiene, Adrian Bauman Jan 2013

Perceived Neighborhood Environment And Physical Activity In 11 Countries: Do Associations Differ By Country?, Ding Ding, Marc A. Adams, James F. Sallis, Gregory J. Norman, Melbourn F. Hovell, Christina D. Chambers, C. Richard Hofstetter, Heather R. Bowles, Maria Hagstromer, Cora L. Craig, Luis Fernando Gomez, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Duncan J. Macfarlane, Barbara Ainsworth, Patrick Bergman, Fiona C. Bull, Harriette Carr, Lena Klasson-Heggebo, Shigeru Inoue, Norio Murase, Sandra Matsudo, Victor Matsudo, Grant Mclean, Michael Sjöström, Heidi Tomten, Johan Lefevre, Vida Volbekiene, Adrian Bauman

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Increasing empirical evidence supports associations between neighborhood environments and physical activity. However, since most studies were conducted in a single country, particularly western countries, the generalizability of associations in an international setting is not well understood. The current study examined whether associations between perceived attributes of neighborhood environments and physical activity differed by country. Methods: Population representative samples from 11 countries on five continents were surveyed using comparable methodologies and measurement instruments. Neighborhood environment × country interactions were tested in logistic regression models with meeting physical activity recommendations as the outcome, adjusted for demographic characteristics. Country-specific associations were reported. Results ...


Evaluation Of The Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale In Nigeria, Adewale L. Oyeyemi, James F. Sallis, Benedicte Deforche, Adetoyeje Y. Oyeyemi, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Delfien Van Dyck Jan 2013

Evaluation Of The Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale In Nigeria, Adewale L. Oyeyemi, James F. Sallis, Benedicte Deforche, Adetoyeje Y. Oyeyemi, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Delfien Van Dyck

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: The development of reliable and culturally sensitive measures of attributes of the built and social environment is necessary for accurate analysis of environmental correlates of physical activity in low-income countries, that can inform international evidence-based policies and interventions in the worldwide prevention of physical inactivity epidemics. This study systematically adapted the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS) for Nigeria and evaluated aspects of reliability and validity of the adapted version among Nigerian adults. Methods: The adaptation of the NEWS was conducted by African and international experts, and final items were selected for NEWS-Nigeria after a cross-validation of the confirmatory factor ...


Children's Physical Activity And Parents' Perception Of The Neighborhood Environment: Neighborhood Impact On Kids Study, Karyn A. Tappe, Karen Glanz, James F. Sallis, Chuan Zhou, Brian E. Saelens Jan 2013

Children's Physical Activity And Parents' Perception Of The Neighborhood Environment: Neighborhood Impact On Kids Study, Karyn A. Tappe, Karen Glanz, James F. Sallis, Chuan Zhou, Brian E. Saelens

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Physical activity is important to children’s physical health and well-being. Many factors contribute to children’s physical activity, and the built environment has garnered considerable interest recently, as many young children spend much of their time in and around their immediate neighborhood. Few studies have identified correlates of children’s activity in specific locations. This study examined associations between parent report of their home neighborhood environment and children’s overall and location-specific physical activity. Methods: Parents and children ages 6 to 11 (n=724), living in neighborhoods identified through objective built environment factors as high or low in ...