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Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

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Australian Catholic University

Built environment

2012

Articles 1 - 5 of 5

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Access To Commercial Destinations Within The Neighbourhood And Walking Among Australian Older Adults, Andrea Grace Nathan, Gavin Pereira, Sarah Foster, Paula Hooper, Dick Saarloos, Billie Giles-Corti Jan 2012

Access To Commercial Destinations Within The Neighbourhood And Walking Among Australian Older Adults, Andrea Grace Nathan, Gavin Pereira, Sarah Foster, Paula Hooper, Dick Saarloos, Billie Giles-Corti

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background Physical activity, particularly walking, is greatly beneficial to health; yet a sizeable proportion of older adults are insufficiently active. The importance of built environment attributes for walking is known, but few studies of older adults have examined neighbourhood destinations and none have investigated access to specific, objectively-measured commercial destinations and walking. Methods We undertook a secondary analysis of data from the Western Australian state government’s health surveillance survey for those aged 65–84 years and living in the Perth metropolitan region from 2003–2009 (n = 2,918). Individual-level road network service areas were generated at 400 m and ...


Predictors Of Trips To Food Destinations, Jacqueline Kerr, Lawrence Frank, James F. Sallis, Brian Saelens, Karen Glanz, Jim Chapman Jan 2012

Predictors Of Trips To Food Destinations, Jacqueline Kerr, Lawrence Frank, James F. Sallis, Brian Saelens, Karen Glanz, Jim Chapman

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background Food environment studies have focused on ethnic and income disparities in food access. Few studies have investigated distance travelled for food and did not aim to inform the geographic scales at which to study the relationship between food environments and obesity. Further, studies have not considered neighborhood design as a predictor of food purchasing behavior. Methods Atlanta residents (N = 4800) who completed a travel diary and reported purchasing or consuming food at one of five food locations were included in the analyses. A total of 11,995 food-related trips were reported. Using mixed modeling to adjust for clustering of ...


Outdoor Physical Activity And Self Rated Health In Older Adults Living In Two Regions Of The U.S., Jacqueline Kerr, James F. Sallis, Brian E. Saelens, Kelli L. Cain, Terry L. Conway, Lawrence D. Frank, Abby C. King Jan 2012

Outdoor Physical Activity And Self Rated Health In Older Adults Living In Two Regions Of The U.S., Jacqueline Kerr, James F. Sallis, Brian E. Saelens, Kelli L. Cain, Terry L. Conway, Lawrence D. Frank, Abby C. King

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Older adults spend little time outdoors and many are physically inactive. The relationship between outdoor physical activity and self rated health has not been studied in older adults. This paper aimed to assess the relation of location of physical activity to self rated health and physical activity minutes. This was an observational study of ambulatory adults 66 years and older conducted in 2005–2008. Participants (N = 754) completed survey measures of physical activity location and self rated health, and wore an accelerometer to objectively assess physical activity. A mixed model linear regression procedure adjusted for neighborhood clustering effects. Differences ...


Using Gps Technology To (Re)-Examine Operational Definitions Of 'Neighbourhood' In Place-Based Health Research, Bryan Boruff, Andrea Grace Nathan, Sandra Nijënstein Jan 2012

Using Gps Technology To (Re)-Examine Operational Definitions Of 'Neighbourhood' In Place-Based Health Research, Bryan Boruff, Andrea Grace Nathan, Sandra Nijënstein

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background Inconsistencies in research findings on the impact of the built environment on walking across the life course may be methodologically driven. Commonly used methods to define ‘neighbourhood’, from which built environment variables are measured, may not accurately represent the spatial extent to which the behaviour in question occurs. This paper aims to provide new methods for spatially defining ‘neighbourhood’ based on how people use their surrounding environment. Results Informed by Global Positioning Systems (GPS) tracking data, several alternative neighbourhood delineation techniques were examined (i.e., variable width, convex hull and standard deviation buffers). Compared with traditionally used buffers (i ...


Predictors Of Trips To Food Destinations., Jacqueline Kerr, Lawrence Frank, James F. Sallis, Brian Saelens, Karen Glanz, Jim Chapman Jan 2012

Predictors Of Trips To Food Destinations., Jacqueline Kerr, Lawrence Frank, James F. Sallis, Brian Saelens, Karen Glanz, Jim Chapman

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background :Food environment studies have focused on ethnic and income disparities in food access. Few studies have investigated distance travelled for food and did not aim to inform the geographic scales at which to study the relationship between food environments and obesity. Further, studies have not considered neighborhood design as a predictor of food purchasing behavior. Methods: Atlanta residents ( N = 4800 ) who completed a travel diary and reported purchasing or consuming food at one of five food locations were included in the analyses. A total of 11,995 food-related trips were reported. Using mixed modeling to adjust for clustering of ...