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Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

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Australian Catholic University

Built environment

Preventive Medicine

Publication Year

Articles 1 - 3 of 3

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

People Living In Hilly Residential Areas In Metropolitan Perth Have Less Diabetes: Spurious Association Or Important Environmental Determinant?, Karen Villanueva, Matthew Knuiman, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Sharyn Hickey, Sarah Foster, Hannah Badland, Andrea Grace Nathan, Fiona Bull, Billie Giles-Corti Jan 2013

People Living In Hilly Residential Areas In Metropolitan Perth Have Less Diabetes: Spurious Association Or Important Environmental Determinant?, Karen Villanueva, Matthew Knuiman, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Sharyn Hickey, Sarah Foster, Hannah Badland, Andrea Grace Nathan, Fiona Bull, Billie Giles-Corti

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Variations in ‘slope’ (how steep or flat the ground is) may be good for health. As walking up hills is a physiologically vigorous physical activity and can contribute to weight control, greater neighbourhood slopes may provide a protective barrier to weight gain, and help prevent Type 2 diabetes onset. We explored whether living in ‘hilly’ neighbourhoods was associated with diabetes prevalence among the Australian adult population.


Access To Commercial Destinations Within The Neighbourhood And Walking Among Australian Older Adults, Andrea Grace Nathan, Gavin Pereira, Sarah Foster, Paula Hooper, Dick Saarloos, Billie Giles-Corti Jan 2012

Access To Commercial Destinations Within The Neighbourhood And Walking Among Australian Older Adults, Andrea Grace Nathan, Gavin Pereira, Sarah Foster, Paula Hooper, Dick Saarloos, Billie Giles-Corti

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background Physical activity, particularly walking, is greatly beneficial to health; yet a sizeable proportion of older adults are insufficiently active. The importance of built environment attributes for walking is known, but few studies of older adults have examined neighbourhood destinations and none have investigated access to specific, objectively-measured commercial destinations and walking. Methods We undertook a secondary analysis of data from the Western Australian state government’s health surveillance survey for those aged 65–84 years and living in the Perth metropolitan region from 2003–2009 (n = 2,918). Individual-level road network service areas were generated at 400 m and ...


Using Gps Technology To (Re)-Examine Operational Definitions Of 'Neighbourhood' In Place-Based Health Research, Bryan Boruff, Andrea Grace Nathan, Sandra Nijënstein Jan 2012

Using Gps Technology To (Re)-Examine Operational Definitions Of 'Neighbourhood' In Place-Based Health Research, Bryan Boruff, Andrea Grace Nathan, Sandra Nijënstein

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background Inconsistencies in research findings on the impact of the built environment on walking across the life course may be methodologically driven. Commonly used methods to define ‘neighbourhood’, from which built environment variables are measured, may not accurately represent the spatial extent to which the behaviour in question occurs. This paper aims to provide new methods for spatially defining ‘neighbourhood’ based on how people use their surrounding environment. Results Informed by Global Positioning Systems (GPS) tracking data, several alternative neighbourhood delineation techniques were examined (i.e., variable width, convex hull and standard deviation buffers). Compared with traditionally used buffers (i ...