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Australian Catholic University

Built environment

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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

How Well Do Seniors Estimate Distance To Food? The Accuracy Of Older Adults' Reported Proximity To Local Grocery Stores, Benjamin W. Chrisinger, Abby C. King, Jenna Hua, Brian E. Saelens, Lawrence D. Frank, Terry L. Conway, Kelli L. Cain, James F. Sallis Jan 2019

How Well Do Seniors Estimate Distance To Food? The Accuracy Of Older Adults' Reported Proximity To Local Grocery Stores, Benjamin W. Chrisinger, Abby C. King, Jenna Hua, Brian E. Saelens, Lawrence D. Frank, Terry L. Conway, Kelli L. Cain, James F. Sallis

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

(1) Background: Findings from observational studies of relations between neighborhood environments and health outcomes underscore the importance of both objective and perceived experiences of those environments. A clearer understanding of the factors associated with discrepancies between these two assessment approaches is needed to tailor public health interventions to specific populations. This study examined how individual and neighborhood characteristics affect perceptions of supermarket distance, particularly when perceptions do not match objective measures. (2) Methods: Participants were older adults (n = 880) participating in the Senior Neighborhood Quality of Life Study in the Seattle/King County, WA or Baltimore/Washington, DC regions. Two ...


How Do Neighbourhood Definitions Influence The Associations Between Built Environment And Physical Activity?, Suzanne Mavoa, Nasser Bagheri, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Andrew T. Kaczynski, Karen Elaine Lamb, Koichiro Oka, David O'Sullivan, Karen Witten Jan 2019

How Do Neighbourhood Definitions Influence The Associations Between Built Environment And Physical Activity?, Suzanne Mavoa, Nasser Bagheri, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Andrew T. Kaczynski, Karen Elaine Lamb, Koichiro Oka, David O'Sullivan, Karen Witten

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Researchers investigating relationships between the neighbourhood environment and health first need to decide on the spatial extent of the neighbourhood they are interested in. This decision is an important and ongoing methodological challenge since different methods of defining and delineating neighbourhood boundaries can produce different results. This paper explores this issue in the context of a New Zealand-based study of the relationship between the built environment and multiple measures of physical activity. Geographic information systems were used to measure three built environment attributes—dwelling density, street connectivity, and neighbourhood destination accessibility—using seven different neighbourhood definitions (three administrative unit boundaries ...


Walkable Urban Design Attributes And Japanese Older Adults’ Body Mass Index: Mediation Effects Of Physical Activity And Sedentary Behavior, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Andrew T. Kaczynski, Tomoki Nakaya, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Akitomo Yasunaga, Ellen W. Stowe, Tomoya Hanibuchi, Koichiro Oka Jan 2019

Walkable Urban Design Attributes And Japanese Older Adults’ Body Mass Index: Mediation Effects Of Physical Activity And Sedentary Behavior, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Andrew T. Kaczynski, Tomoki Nakaya, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Akitomo Yasunaga, Ellen W. Stowe, Tomoya Hanibuchi, Koichiro Oka

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Purpose: The purposes of this study were to examine associations between objectively measured walkable urban design attributes with Japanese older adults’ body mass index (BMI) and to test whether objectively assessed physical activity and sedentary behavior mediated such associations. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: Matsudo City, Chiba Prefecture, Japan. Participants: Participants were 297 older residents (aged 65-84 years) randomly selected from the registry of residential addresses. Measures: Walkable urban design attributes, including population density, availability of physical activity facilities, intersection density, and access to public transportation stations, were calculated using geographic information systems. Physical activity, sedentary behavior, and BMI were measured objectively ...


Associations Of Neighborhood Walkability With Sedentary Time In Nigerian Older Adults, Adewale L. Oyeyemi, Sanda M. Kolo, Adamu A. Rufai, Adetoyeje Y. Oyeyemi, Babatunji A. Omotara, James F. Sallis Jan 2019

Associations Of Neighborhood Walkability With Sedentary Time In Nigerian Older Adults, Adewale L. Oyeyemi, Sanda M. Kolo, Adamu A. Rufai, Adetoyeje Y. Oyeyemi, Babatunji A. Omotara, James F. Sallis

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Previous studies have investigated the potential role of neighborhood walkability in reducing sedentary behavior. However, the majority of this research has been conducted in adults and Western developed countries. The purpose of the present study was to examine associations of neighborhood environmental attributes with sedentary time among older adults in Nigeria. Data from 353 randomly-selected community-dwelling older adults (60 years and above) in Maiduguri, Nigeria were analyzed. Perceived attributes of neighborhood environments and self-reported sedentary time were assessed using Nigerian-validated and reliable measures. Outcomes were weekly minutes of total sedentary time, minutes of sitting on a typical weekday, and minutes ...


The Impact Of A New Exercise Facility On Physical Activity At The Community Level: A Non-Randomized Panel Study In Japan, Akio Kubota, Munehiro Matsushita, Ben J. Smith, Takemi Sugiyama, Takashi Arao Jan 2019

The Impact Of A New Exercise Facility On Physical Activity At The Community Level: A Non-Randomized Panel Study In Japan, Akio Kubota, Munehiro Matsushita, Ben J. Smith, Takemi Sugiyama, Takashi Arao

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background Considering that building a sports facility is a major investment to promote population health, it is important to understand whether it is effective in increasing the level of physical activity (PA) in the community. This study examined the impact of building a new multipurpose exercise facility on community-level PA in Japan. Methods This non-randomised panel study compared two sites: an intervention site where a new exercise facility was built (opened after baseline data collection) and a control site where there was no such additional exercise facility. From each site, 3200 adult residents (aged 30–74 years) were randomly selected ...