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Australian Catholic University

Built environment

Epidemiology

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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Objectively Measured Neighborhood Walkability And Changed In Physical Activity In Older Japanese Adults: A Five-Year Cohort Study, Hiroyuki Kikuchi, Tomoki Nakaya, Tomoya Hanibuchi, Noritoshi Fukushima, Shiho Amagasa, Koichiro Oka, Jim Sallis, Shigeru Inoue Jan 2018

Objectively Measured Neighborhood Walkability And Changed In Physical Activity In Older Japanese Adults: A Five-Year Cohort Study, Hiroyuki Kikuchi, Tomoki Nakaya, Tomoya Hanibuchi, Noritoshi Fukushima, Shiho Amagasa, Koichiro Oka, Jim Sallis, Shigeru Inoue

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Objectives:
This study investigated the longitudinal association between changes in older adults’ physical activity and neighborhood walkability measured by geographic information systems (GISs, (ArcGIS, ESRI Inc., Redlands, CA, USA)). Methods: A mail survey was conducted for Japanese older adults who were randomly selected from three different settlement types. Data on walking, total moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and sociodemographic characteristics were collected at baseline (in 2010) and follow-up (in 2015). Multiple linear regression analyses were employed to assess the association between MVPA change and neighborhood walkability, adjusted for potential confounders. Effect sizes for independent variables on MVPA change were ...


Using An Audit Tool (Maps Global) To Assess The Characteristics Of The Physical Environment Related To Walking For Transport In Youth: Reliability Of Belgian Data, Griet Vanwolleghem, Ariane Ghekiere, Greet Cardon, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Sara D'Haese, Carrie M. Geremia, Matthieu Lenoir, James F. Sallis, Hannah Verhoeven, Delfien Van Dyck Jan 2016

Using An Audit Tool (Maps Global) To Assess The Characteristics Of The Physical Environment Related To Walking For Transport In Youth: Reliability Of Belgian Data, Griet Vanwolleghem, Ariane Ghekiere, Greet Cardon, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Sara D'Haese, Carrie M. Geremia, Matthieu Lenoir, James F. Sallis, Hannah Verhoeven, Delfien Van Dyck

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: The aim was to examine inter-rater and alternate-form reliability of the Microscale Audit of Pedestrian Streetscapes (MAPS) Global tool to assess the physical environment along likely walking routes in Belgium. Methods: For 65 children participating in the BEPAS-children study, routes between their individual homes and the nearest pre-defined destination were defined. Using MAPS Global, physical environmental characteristics of the routes were audited by 4 trained auditors (2 on-site, 2 online using Google Street View). Inter-rater reliability was studied for on-site and online ratings separately. Alternate-form reliability was examined by comparing on-site with online ratings. Results: Inter-rater reliability for on-site ...


Development Of Measures To Evaluate Youth Advocacy For Obesity Prevention, Rachel A. Millstein, Susan I. Woodruff, Leslie S. Linton, Christine C. Edwards, James F. Sallis Jan 2016

Development Of Measures To Evaluate Youth Advocacy For Obesity Prevention, Rachel A. Millstein, Susan I. Woodruff, Leslie S. Linton, Christine C. Edwards, James F. Sallis

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Youth advocacy has been successfully used in substance use prevention but is a novel strategy in obesity prevention. As a precondition for building an evidence base for youth advocacy for obesity prevention, the present study aimed to develop and evaluate measures of youth advocacy mediator, process, and outcome variables. Methods: The Youth Engagement and Action for Health (YEAH!) program (San Diego County, CA) engaged youth and adult group leaders in advocacy for school and neighborhood improvements to nutrition and physical activity environments. Based on a model of youth advocacy, scales were developed to assess mediators, intervention processes, and proximal ...


Engineering Online And In-Person Social Networks To Sustain Physical Activity: Application Of A Conceptual Model, Liza S. Rovniak, James F. Sallis, Jennifer L. Kraschnewski, Christopher N. Sciamanna, Elizabeth J. Kiser, Chester A. Ray, Vernon M. Chinchilli, Ding Ding, Stephen A. Matthews, Melissa Bopp, Daniel R. George, Melbourne F. Hovell Jan 2013

Engineering Online And In-Person Social Networks To Sustain Physical Activity: Application Of A Conceptual Model, Liza S. Rovniak, James F. Sallis, Jennifer L. Kraschnewski, Christopher N. Sciamanna, Elizabeth J. Kiser, Chester A. Ray, Vernon M. Chinchilli, Ding Ding, Stephen A. Matthews, Melissa Bopp, Daniel R. George, Melbourne F. Hovell

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: High rates of physical inactivity compromise the health status of populations globally. Social networks have been shown to influence physical activity (PA), but little is known about how best to engineer social networks to sustain PA. To improve procedures for building networks that shape PA as a normative behavior, there is a need for more specific hypotheses about how social variables influence PA. There is also a need to integrate concepts from network science with ecological concepts that often guide the design of in-person and electronically-mediated interventions. Therefore, this paper: (1) proposes a conceptual model that integrates principles from ...


Perceived Neighborhood Environment And Physical Activity In 11 Countries: Do Associations Differ By Country?, Ding Ding, Marc A. Adams, James F. Sallis, Gregory J. Norman, Melbourn F. Hovell, Christina D. Chambers, C. Richard Hofstetter, Heather R. Bowles, Maria Hagstromer, Cora L. Craig, Luis Fernando Gomez, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Duncan J. Macfarlane, Barbara Ainsworth, Patrick Bergman, Fiona C. Bull, Harriette Carr, Lena Klasson-Heggebo, Shigeru Inoue, Norio Murase, Sandra Matsudo, Victor Matsudo, Grant Mclean, Michael Sjöström, Heidi Tomten, Johan Lefevre, Vida Volbekiene, Adrian Bauman Jan 2013

Perceived Neighborhood Environment And Physical Activity In 11 Countries: Do Associations Differ By Country?, Ding Ding, Marc A. Adams, James F. Sallis, Gregory J. Norman, Melbourn F. Hovell, Christina D. Chambers, C. Richard Hofstetter, Heather R. Bowles, Maria Hagstromer, Cora L. Craig, Luis Fernando Gomez, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Duncan J. Macfarlane, Barbara Ainsworth, Patrick Bergman, Fiona C. Bull, Harriette Carr, Lena Klasson-Heggebo, Shigeru Inoue, Norio Murase, Sandra Matsudo, Victor Matsudo, Grant Mclean, Michael Sjöström, Heidi Tomten, Johan Lefevre, Vida Volbekiene, Adrian Bauman

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Increasing empirical evidence supports associations between neighborhood environments and physical activity. However, since most studies were conducted in a single country, particularly western countries, the generalizability of associations in an international setting is not well understood. The current study examined whether associations between perceived attributes of neighborhood environments and physical activity differed by country. Methods: Population representative samples from 11 countries on five continents were surveyed using comparable methodologies and measurement instruments. Neighborhood environment × country interactions were tested in logistic regression models with meeting physical activity recommendations as the outcome, adjusted for demographic characteristics. Country-specific associations were reported. Results ...


Evaluation Of The Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale In Nigeria, Adewale L. Oyeyemi, James F. Sallis, Benedicte Deforche, Adetoyeje Y. Oyeyemi, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Delfien Van Dyck Jan 2013

Evaluation Of The Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale In Nigeria, Adewale L. Oyeyemi, James F. Sallis, Benedicte Deforche, Adetoyeje Y. Oyeyemi, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Delfien Van Dyck

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: The development of reliable and culturally sensitive measures of attributes of the built and social environment is necessary for accurate analysis of environmental correlates of physical activity in low-income countries, that can inform international evidence-based policies and interventions in the worldwide prevention of physical inactivity epidemics. This study systematically adapted the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS) for Nigeria and evaluated aspects of reliability and validity of the adapted version among Nigerian adults. Methods: The adaptation of the NEWS was conducted by African and international experts, and final items were selected for NEWS-Nigeria after a cross-validation of the confirmatory factor ...


Children's Physical Activity And Parents' Perception Of The Neighborhood Environment: Neighborhood Impact On Kids Study, Karyn A. Tappe, Karen Glanz, James F. Sallis, Chuan Zhou, Brian E. Saelens Jan 2013

Children's Physical Activity And Parents' Perception Of The Neighborhood Environment: Neighborhood Impact On Kids Study, Karyn A. Tappe, Karen Glanz, James F. Sallis, Chuan Zhou, Brian E. Saelens

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Physical activity is important to children’s physical health and well-being. Many factors contribute to children’s physical activity, and the built environment has garnered considerable interest recently, as many young children spend much of their time in and around their immediate neighborhood. Few studies have identified correlates of children’s activity in specific locations. This study examined associations between parent report of their home neighborhood environment and children’s overall and location-specific physical activity. Methods: Parents and children ages 6 to 11 (n=724), living in neighborhoods identified through objective built environment factors as high or low in ...


Predictors Of Trips To Food Destinations, Jacqueline Kerr, Lawrence Frank, James F. Sallis, Brian Saelens, Karen Glanz, Jim Chapman Jan 2012

Predictors Of Trips To Food Destinations, Jacqueline Kerr, Lawrence Frank, James F. Sallis, Brian Saelens, Karen Glanz, Jim Chapman

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background Food environment studies have focused on ethnic and income disparities in food access. Few studies have investigated distance travelled for food and did not aim to inform the geographic scales at which to study the relationship between food environments and obesity. Further, studies have not considered neighborhood design as a predictor of food purchasing behavior. Methods Atlanta residents (N = 4800) who completed a travel diary and reported purchasing or consuming food at one of five food locations were included in the analyses. A total of 11,995 food-related trips were reported. Using mixed modeling to adjust for clustering of ...


Outdoor Physical Activity And Self Rated Health In Older Adults Living In Two Regions Of The U.S., Jacqueline Kerr, James F. Sallis, Brian E. Saelens, Kelli L. Cain, Terry L. Conway, Lawrence D. Frank, Abby C. King Jan 2012

Outdoor Physical Activity And Self Rated Health In Older Adults Living In Two Regions Of The U.S., Jacqueline Kerr, James F. Sallis, Brian E. Saelens, Kelli L. Cain, Terry L. Conway, Lawrence D. Frank, Abby C. King

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Older adults spend little time outdoors and many are physically inactive. The relationship between outdoor physical activity and self rated health has not been studied in older adults. This paper aimed to assess the relation of location of physical activity to self rated health and physical activity minutes. This was an observational study of ambulatory adults 66 years and older conducted in 2005–2008. Participants (N = 754) completed survey measures of physical activity location and self rated health, and wore an accelerometer to objectively assess physical activity. A mixed model linear regression procedure adjusted for neighborhood clustering effects. Differences ...


Predictors Of Trips To Food Destinations., Jacqueline Kerr, Lawrence Frank, James F. Sallis, Brian Saelens, Karen Glanz, Jim Chapman Jan 2012

Predictors Of Trips To Food Destinations., Jacqueline Kerr, Lawrence Frank, James F. Sallis, Brian Saelens, Karen Glanz, Jim Chapman

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background :Food environment studies have focused on ethnic and income disparities in food access. Few studies have investigated distance travelled for food and did not aim to inform the geographic scales at which to study the relationship between food environments and obesity. Further, studies have not considered neighborhood design as a predictor of food purchasing behavior. Methods: Atlanta residents ( N = 4800 ) who completed a travel diary and reported purchasing or consuming food at one of five food locations were included in the analyses. A total of 11,995 food-related trips were reported. Using mixed modeling to adjust for clustering of ...