Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 238

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Fatigue And Pacing In Rugby League Players, Richard Johnston Dec 2015

Fatigue And Pacing In Rugby League Players, Richard Johnston

Theses

Players from a number of team sports such as soccer, Australian rules football, and rugby league adopt pacing strategies during match-play in order to successfully complete match tasks without causing the failure of any single physiological system. Whilst these pacing strategies are influenced by numerous factors, it is currently unclear how physical qualities, physical contact, and time between matches influence pacing strategies. Given the frequency of physical collisions during match-play and the close link between physical qualities and success in rugby league, it is important to determine the impact they have on running intensities and pacing strategies employed by players ...


Evaluation Of Cold Water Immersion And Contrast Water Therapy For Recovery With Well-Trained Team Sport Athletes: Rugby Union, Trevor R. Higgins Nov 2015

Evaluation Of Cold Water Immersion And Contrast Water Therapy For Recovery With Well-Trained Team Sport Athletes: Rugby Union, Trevor R. Higgins

Theses

In most team sports, a cycle of training, competition, and recovery repeatedly occurs over each week of a competitive season. For athletic performance to be maintained through a season, an optimal balance between training and recovery is required. To facilitate the recovery process after competition games and training, hydrotherapy has been adopted by a number of sporting teams. Methods: In the present thesis a review of literature was undertaken to identify the most commonly investigated methods of recovery in professional sport. Pilot studies were then conducted across periods of four weeks. The review of literature highlighted the need for research ...


Exploring The Breast Care Nurse Role In Supporting Women With Breast Cancer, Tracey Ahern Nov 2015

Exploring The Breast Care Nurse Role In Supporting Women With Breast Cancer, Tracey Ahern

Theses

Breast cancer is the most common female cancer worldwide and the incidence is increasing. Due to advances in diagnosis and treatment, the number of women surviving breast cancer is also increasing. Those living with and beyond a breast cancer diagnosis need access to a wide variety of information and support which may vary depending on their circumstances. Breast care nurses (BCNs) are well recognised by Australian breast cancer patients for the information and support they provide. However, even though the BCN role has existed within the Australian healthcare system since the 1990’s very little national research has reported on ...


Relationships Between Afl Player Off-Field Activity, Player Characteristics, The Club Environment, And On-Field Engagement, Matthew Andrew Pink Nov 2015

Relationships Between Afl Player Off-Field Activity, Player Characteristics, The Club Environment, And On-Field Engagement, Matthew Andrew Pink

Theses

With the increasing professionalisation of the Australian Football League (AFL), greater demands are being placed upon AFL players with respect to their technical, tactical, and physiological training, in addition to increased requirements to promote their club’s brand via community appearances. Modern AFL players have an additional challenge as their careers will be typically limited to, at best, a decade or slightly more at the elite level. This means that they are also encouraged to develop an alternative career for when their playing days are over. Thus, given these demands, there is substantial challenge for the modern footballer in achieving ...


Maternity Care In Rural Victoria: Midwives' Perspectives, Kathryn Felicity Brundell Oct 2015

Maternity Care In Rural Victoria: Midwives' Perspectives, Kathryn Felicity Brundell

Theses

This modified Grounded Theory study explored the experiences of midwives working in a rural Victorian setting during a period of maternity service redesign. Changes to the local maternity service under study were block funded by the Rural Maternity Initiative, Victoria, Australia (Edwards & Gale, 2007). The Rural Maternity Initiative, along with the release of the maternity service review report (Commonwealth of Australia, 2009), incorporated women’s requests for continuity of care provision, demedicalised care, choice in care, and accessibility of services across the pregnancy, birth and postnatal period. Midwifery workforce shortages and maternity unit closures in rural Australia have been identified ...


Exercise And Nutrient Interactions: Effects On Skeletal Muscle And Body Fat Mass, Evelyn Bridget Parr Oct 2015

Exercise And Nutrient Interactions: Effects On Skeletal Muscle And Body Fat Mass, Evelyn Bridget Parr

Theses

The worldwide prevalence of overweight and obesity continues to rise and will soon place unsustainable demands on the healthcare systems of most developed nations. Sarcopenia, the age-related loss of muscle mass, is commonly exacerbated in overweight/obese individuals causing loss of function and independence. Accordingly, a critical goal for overweight/obese adults is to lose fat mass while preserving lean mass to prevent the deleterious effects of inactivity and age-related metabolic diseases. Although numerous studies have manipulated combinations of diet and/or exercise training to promote weight loss, the optimal diet to improve body composition remains controversial. Furthermore, the composition ...


Is There Any Gender Difference For Smoking Persistence Or Relapse Following Diagnosis Or Hospitalization For Coronary Heart Disease? Evidence From A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis [Accepted Manuscript], Muhammad Aziz Rahman, Karen-Leigh Edward, Laura Montgomery, Samantha Marie Mcevedy, Linda Worrall-Carter Oct 2015

Is There Any Gender Difference For Smoking Persistence Or Relapse Following Diagnosis Or Hospitalization For Coronary Heart Disease? Evidence From A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis [Accepted Manuscript], Muhammad Aziz Rahman, Karen-Leigh Edward, Laura Montgomery, Samantha Marie Mcevedy, Linda Worrall-Carter

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Introduction: Persistent smoking in patients diagnosed with coronary heart disease (CHD) has a significant effect on morbidity and mortality. Although there has been considerable debate around gender differences in smoking cessation, conclusive evidence on how gender impacts rates of smoking cessation and/or relapse following CHD diagnosis is lacking.

Aims and Methods: Our aim was to test the hypothesis that female smokers with CHD were more likely to persist in smoking or relapse post-diagnosis or hospitalization than male smokers. We searched PubMed and Web of Science databases for studies published in the last 10 years. Meta-analyses were conducted using a ...


Age Differences In Verbal Short-Term Memory And The Process Of Redintegration, Amanda Christine Scicluna Oct 2015

Age Differences In Verbal Short-Term Memory And The Process Of Redintegration, Amanda Christine Scicluna

Theses

There are long-standing but ongoing debates in the literature about the composition of memory and the causes of short-term forgetting. Some researchers believe human memory is a dual system that comprises separate stores for verbal short-term memory (STM) and long-term memory (LTM), best exemplified by Baddeley and Hitch’s (1974) Working Memory Model. Dual memory researchers also believe that information stored in verbal STM decays over time if it is not refreshed through engaging in some form of covert rehearsal. However, other researchers believe verbal STM and LTM are intrinsically related, with short-term forgetting resulting from some level of interference ...


A Study Of Athlete Engagement, Athlete Identity And Individualism: Collectivism Cultural Behaviours Among Filipino Athletes Compared With Us American Athletes, Michele Joan Dalman Valbuena Oct 2015

A Study Of Athlete Engagement, Athlete Identity And Individualism: Collectivism Cultural Behaviours Among Filipino Athletes Compared With Us American Athletes, Michele Joan Dalman Valbuena

Theses

The focus of this study is the Filipino athlete, how they engage with their sport and the influence in this process of their cultural background and the way in which they construct their personal identity as athletes. These aspects are further studied in comparison with a sample of their US American counterparts. Athlete Engagement (AE) is a fairly new concept in sport psychology. It has been developed from the concept of employee engagement in industrial/organizational psychology where it was operationalised with the dimensions of vigour, dedication and absorption (Hakanen, Schaufeli & Aloha, 2008). Similar dimensions were explored in the first two research studies on AE by Lonsdale, Hodge and Raedeke (2007) and Lonsdale, Hodge and Jackson (2007). AE has been found to be “a persistent, positive, cognitive-affective experience in sport characterized by confidence, dedication and vigour” (2007, p.451). The first study in the present enquiry surveyed 70 Filipino and 62 US American athletes. AE was explored in relation to the athletic identity and the individualism- collectivism cultural behaviours of these athletes. AE was measured through the use of the Athlete Engagement Questionnaire (AEQ); athletic identity was measured through the Athletic Identity Measurement ...


Investigation Of Nursing Knowledge Of Catheter Selection Following The Introduction Of A Catheter Decision Support Tool, Kylie Wicks Oct 2015

Investigation Of Nursing Knowledge Of Catheter Selection Following The Introduction Of A Catheter Decision Support Tool, Kylie Wicks

Theses

People living with spinal cord injury or multiple sclerosis are often dependent on some form of catheterisation to manage their urinary incontinence, and this is accompanied by the risk of urinary complications. Nurses’ expertise, based on contemporary evidence about catheter types, purposes and risks, is fundamental to the role nurses play in urinary catheter selection, insertion and care with this client group, and more broadly. Catheter selection choice integrity is influenced by clinical nursing expertise and experience, research evidence, client preference, the availability of appropriate equipment and the capacity of both nurses and clients to use the equipment. Using a ...


Investigation Of A Bifactor Model Of The Strengths And Difficulties Questionnaire, Herve Caci, Alexandre J. S. Morin, Antoine Tran Oct 2015

Investigation Of A Bifactor Model Of The Strengths And Difficulties Questionnaire, Herve Caci, Alexandre J. S. Morin, Antoine Tran

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is used to measure psychopathological symptoms in children and adolescents from 4 to 17 years old, but its underlying structure is still a matter of debate. Indeed, on the basis of a systematic review of English and non-English articles conducted using multiple databases, 54 studies reporting on the factor structure of the SDQ were located. The original 5 first-order factor structure is generally supported by exploratory procedures, but support based on confirmatory factor analyses is not clear. We analysed data from 889 youths from the general French population, rated on the SDQ by their ...


Validity And Clinical Utility Of The Personal Care - Participation Assessment And Resource Tool (Pc-Part), Susan Darzins Sep 2015

Validity And Clinical Utility Of The Personal Care - Participation Assessment And Resource Tool (Pc-Part), Susan Darzins

Theses

Inpatient rehabilitation aims to facilitate people’s functional recovery and return to participation in daily life roles and occupations. A critical aspect of rehabilitation is enabling people’s accomplishment of activities of daily living (ADL) required for community life. Functioning in ADL is typically assessed by occupational therapists in preparation for discharge to community living using a combination of standardised and non-standardised assessment methods. Typically used standardised assessments are important but their measurement constructs are limited in scope compared to the measurement needs of the rehabilitation context. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) provides a useful internationally ...


Profiles Of Dual Commitment To The Occupation And Organization: Relations To Well-Being And Turnover Intentions [Accepted Manuscript], Alexandre Morin, John P. Meyer, Dennis M. Mcinerney, Herbert W. Marsh, Fraide A. Ganotice Jr. Sep 2015

Profiles Of Dual Commitment To The Occupation And Organization: Relations To Well-Being And Turnover Intentions [Accepted Manuscript], Alexandre Morin, John P. Meyer, Dennis M. Mcinerney, Herbert W. Marsh, Fraide A. Ganotice Jr.

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Work-relevant commitments have important implications for employee behavior and well-being, but the connections are complicated by the fact that commitments can be characterized by different mindsets and be directed at different targets. Recent developments in person-centered analytic strategies (e.g., latent profile analysis) have helped to address these complexities, particularly as they pertain to the interactions among the mindset of affective, normative, and continuance commitment to the organization. In the present study we extend application of the person-centered approach to identify profiles of commitment to two interrelated targets—the organization and the occupation—in a sample of 1,096 Hong ...


An Exploration Of Continuity Of Midwifery Carer For Women Of All Risk Status, Amanda Forti Sep 2015

An Exploration Of Continuity Of Midwifery Carer For Women Of All Risk Status, Amanda Forti

Theses

Continuity of carer is the cornerstone of the caseload midwifery model where a woman receives the majority of her maternity care from a named midwife throughout pregnancy, labour, birth and the postnatal period. This model differs from standard maternity care where midwifery continuity of carer is not provided across the pregnancy continuum. A systematic review of midwifery-led care has associated midwifery continuity models with beneficial outcomes for women (Sandall, Soltani, Gates, Shennan, & Devane, 2013). However, it is widely acknowledged that further research is needed to understand how, a complex intervention such as caseload midwifery makes a difference to clinical outcomes ...


Biceps Femoris Long Head Architecture: The Association With Hamstring Injury And Response To Training, Ryan Gregory Timmins Sep 2015

Biceps Femoris Long Head Architecture: The Association With Hamstring Injury And Response To Training, Ryan Gregory Timmins

Theses

Hamstring strain injuries (HSIs) are the most common injury in many running based sports, and following the initial insult the risk of recurrence remains high. In order to reduce the risk of a hamstring strain re-injury, developing a greater understanding of the maladaptations associated with a previous insult is important. Despite continual research over the past decade, recurrence rates have not declined suggesting the aetiology of re-injury is still not well understood. Whilst non-modifiable risk factors (e.g. increasing age and previous injury history) have been implicated in the incidence of first time and recurrent injuries, there are still a ...


Cardiac, Vascular And Metabolic Characteristics In Young Women With Abdominal Obesity: Comparison And Intervention, Bianca Louise Share Aug 2015

Cardiac, Vascular And Metabolic Characteristics In Young Women With Abdominal Obesity: Comparison And Intervention, Bianca Louise Share

Theses

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in women worldwide. Despite this, CVD in women is under-researched. Overweight/obesity, particularly abdominal obesity, together other established risk factors, increases the chance of developing CVD. Previous research has also shown that young women with overweight/obesity have cardiac dysfunction that may predispose them to future CVD events, suggesting that early detection and prevention of underlying CVD risk factors may be the best public health approach. Lifestyle interventions incorporating exercise, diet and behavioural therapy are currently recommended as the cornerstone to reduce CVD risk factors in individuals with overweight/obesity.


Characteristics Of Collaboration Between Nurse Practitioners And Medical Practitioners In Primary Healthcare: A Multiple Case Study Using Mixed Methods, Verena Schadewaldt Aug 2015

Characteristics Of Collaboration Between Nurse Practitioners And Medical Practitioners In Primary Healthcare: A Multiple Case Study Using Mixed Methods, Verena Schadewaldt

Theses

Collaborative work between nurse practitioners (NPs) and medical practitioners (MPs) in primary healthcare (PHC) settings is a novel approach to patient care in Australia. Hence, this multiple case study using mixed methods aimed to identify the conceptual and practical aspects of collaboration between NPs and MPs in Australian PHC settings. The rationale for conducting this study was to provide practitioners and policy-makers with information about the likely barriers and facilitators of collaborative practice models and current experiences of collaboration in PHC settings. This has not been examined before in Australia. Specifically, this study sought to answer three research questions: 1 ...


Rediscovering Heart Failure: The Contemporary Burden And Profile Of Heart Failure In Australia, Yih-Kai Chan, Tracey Gerber, Camilla Tuttle, Jocasta Ball, Tiew-Hwa Katherine Teng, Yasmin Ahamed, Melinda Carrington Aug 2015

Rediscovering Heart Failure: The Contemporary Burden And Profile Of Heart Failure In Australia, Yih-Kai Chan, Tracey Gerber, Camilla Tuttle, Jocasta Ball, Tiew-Hwa Katherine Teng, Yasmin Ahamed, Melinda Carrington

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

We undertook a study of the contemporary burden of heart failure to complement a previous report released more than a decade ago. During that time, a combination of population dynamics (an ageing population), an evolving armoury of therapeutics to treat the traditional drivers of heart failure (coronary artery disease and hypertension) and a changing risk factor profile (with more diabetes and obesity than ever before) had the potential to either reduce or increase the impact and burden of heart failure from a whole society perspective.

At the same time, the definition of heart failure has evolved and this has provided ...


Stroke Unit Nurse Managers’ Views Of Individual And Organisational Factors Liable To Influence Evidence-Based Practice: A Survey [Accepted Manuscript], Peta Drury, Elizabeth Mcinnes, Jennifer Hardy, Simeon Dale, Sandy Middleton May 2015

Stroke Unit Nurse Managers’ Views Of Individual And Organisational Factors Liable To Influence Evidence-Based Practice: A Survey [Accepted Manuscript], Peta Drury, Elizabeth Mcinnes, Jennifer Hardy, Simeon Dale, Sandy Middleton

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

The uptake of evidence into practice may be impeded or facilitated by individual and organisational factors within the local context. This study investigated Nurse Managers’ of New South Wales, Australian, Stroke Units (n=19) views on: leadership ability (measured by the Leadership Practices Inventory), organisational learning (measured by the Organisational Learning Survey), attitudes and beliefs toward evidence-based practice (EBP) and readiness for change. Overall Nurse Managers reported high level leadership skills and a culture of learning. Nurse Managers’ attitude towards EBP was positive, although nursing colleague’s attitudes were perceived as less positive. Nurse Managers agreed that implementing evidence in ...


The Development Of Rapid Online Control In Children With And Without Developmental Coordination Disorder, Scott Randall Ruddock Apr 2015

The Development Of Rapid Online Control In Children With And Without Developmental Coordination Disorder, Scott Randall Ruddock

Theses

The online control of manual actions is critical for the development of functional skills in children, not the least because demands on behaviour and complexity of the environment increase with age. When unexpected changes occur during the course of action, rapid online corrections are necessary to ensure that movement parameters (like force and timing) can be quickly updated. Developmentally, the motor network supporting online control is thought to mature rapidly over childhood; however, cross-sectional research suggests that the trajectory of change is not linear because the mode of control undergoes reorganisation during middle childhood. At the same time, development of ...


The Impact Of Achilles Tendon Pathology On Lower Limb Joint Stiffness Regulation During Hopping Tasks, Kevin Lieberthal Mar 2015

The Impact Of Achilles Tendon Pathology On Lower Limb Joint Stiffness Regulation During Hopping Tasks, Kevin Lieberthal

Theses

Achilles tendinopathy (AT) is a debilitating running injury affecting 50% of distance runners over their lifetime. Ultrasound (US) imaging studies have shown that pathological changes are present in 11-52% of asymptomatic individuals. Impairments of the lower leg muscle-tendon function may develop with AT however alteration of lower limb loading strategies has not been examined in runners with asymptomatic Achilles tendon pathology. The primary aim of the thesis was to determine if Achilles tendon pathology changes lower limb loading patterns. It was hypothesised that there would be a different loading pattern between the ankle and knee in runners with Achilles tendon ...


The Impact Of Hypoxia On Growth Hormone Levels In Response To A Maximal Strength Training Session, Dean Filopoulos Mar 2015

The Impact Of Hypoxia On Growth Hormone Levels In Response To A Maximal Strength Training Session, Dean Filopoulos

Theses

Performing resistance exercise in a hypoxic environment has been shown to improve gains in muscle strength and hypertrophy, even at low intensities. These adaptations are thought to occur via increases in the accumulation of metabolites and secretion of anabolic hormones, such as growth hormone (GH). The majority of research conducted has assessed these adaptations with the use of low-intensity, high-volume (hypertrophy-type) protocols. However, there is little research investigating the effects of metabolic and hormonal responses to a typical strength training (high-intensity, low-volume) session. Therefore, the purpose of this investigation was to examine whether hypoxia can influence the metabolic stress and ...


(Mis)Powered Practice: A Critical Investigation Of Nurses' Manual Handling Experiences In Australia, Kate Kay Feb 2015

(Mis)Powered Practice: A Critical Investigation Of Nurses' Manual Handling Experiences In Australia, Kate Kay

Theses

Inherent in the nursing role are manual handling activities required for the provision of patient care. The physical demands upon nurses have resulted in high rates of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) within the profession. Despite the development of programs intended to reduce MSDs, sustainable solutions have remained elusive. Nurses continue to be disproportionately represented in the statistics for injuries arising from manual handling. Over 95% of nurses are likely to incur at least one MSD during their professional lifetime. The scholarly literature provides little evidence of the inclusion of nurses in the manual handling dialogue, despite their intimate knowledge of the ...


(How) Does The Way Maternity Care Is Provided Affect The Health And Well-Being Of Young Women And Their Babies?, Jyai Danielle Nicole Allen Feb 2015

(How) Does The Way Maternity Care Is Provided Affect The Health And Well-Being Of Young Women And Their Babies?, Jyai Danielle Nicole Allen

Theses

Access to timely, quality maternity care improves health outcomes for mothers and babies. Inadequate antenatal care (defined as 1-5 visits) is associated with an increase in the risk of preterm birth and neonatal morbidity; even after controlling known confounders. Pregnant adolescents typically live in circumstances of socio-economic deprivation, which is exemplified by poorer general health status, domestic violence, mental health issues, inadequate nutrition, and smoking and illicit drug use. Adolescent pregnancy is associated with higher rates of preterm birth, low birth weight, and neonatal intensive care unit admission; along with lower rates of breastfeeding initiation.


Media Reporting On Persons With Albinism In Tanzania, Jean Burke Jan 2015

Media Reporting On Persons With Albinism In Tanzania, Jean Burke

Research Data

The data set is a list of news media reports from the United Republic of Tanzania about people with albinism. The time frame for these articles is 2008 – 2014. They are in both English and Swahili languages. The news items have been accessed from the online archives of three East African media companies, namely IPPMedia Group (www.ippmedia.com), Mwananchi Communications, Majira Pty Ltd

The format of the data set is as excel spreadsheets with a list of news articles, organised with separate sheets according to years 2008 until 2014 inclusive.


Clinical Characteristics And Outcomes Of Patients With Coronary Artery Disease And Angina: Analysis Of The Irbesartan In Patients With Heart Failure And Preserved Systolic Function Trial, Athar A. Badar, Ana C. Perez-Moreno, Nathaniel M. Hawkins, Pardeep Jhund, Alan P. T. Brunton, Inder S. Anand, Robert Mckelvie, Michel Komajda, Michael R. Zile, Peter E. Carson, Roy S. Gardner, Mark C. Petrie, John Mcmurray Jan 2015

Clinical Characteristics And Outcomes Of Patients With Coronary Artery Disease And Angina: Analysis Of The Irbesartan In Patients With Heart Failure And Preserved Systolic Function Trial, Athar A. Badar, Ana C. Perez-Moreno, Nathaniel M. Hawkins, Pardeep Jhund, Alan P. T. Brunton, Inder S. Anand, Robert Mckelvie, Michel Komajda, Michael R. Zile, Peter E. Carson, Roy S. Gardner, Mark C. Petrie, John Mcmurray

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship between coronary artery disease (CAD), angina, and clinical outcomes in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction enrolled in the irbesartan in patients with heart failure and preserved systolic function (I-Preserve) trial.


Association Between Diastolic Dysfunction And Future Atrial Fibrillation In The Tromso Study From 1994 To 2010, Sweta Tiwari, Henrik Schirmer, Bjarne K. Jacobsen, Laila Arnesdatter Hopstock, Audhild Nyrnes, Geir Heggelund, I Njolstad, E. B. Mathiesen, Maja-Lisa Loechen Jan 2015

Association Between Diastolic Dysfunction And Future Atrial Fibrillation In The Tromso Study From 1994 To 2010, Sweta Tiwari, Henrik Schirmer, Bjarne K. Jacobsen, Laila Arnesdatter Hopstock, Audhild Nyrnes, Geir Heggelund, I Njolstad, E. B. Mathiesen, Maja-Lisa Loechen

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Objective To investigate the association between echocardiographic measurements with emphasis on diastolic dysfunction and risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) in a population-based cohort study. Methods We followed 2406 participants from the Tromsø Study from 1994 to 2010. Left atrial (LA) size and mitral Doppler indices as measured by echocardiography were used for evaluating diastolic dysfunction. Information concerning age, systolic blood pressure, height, heart rate, body mass index, total and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, self-reported use of alcohol, smoking, coffee, physical activity, antihypertensive treatment, prevalent coronary heart disease, valvular heart disease, heart failure, hypertrophy, diabetes and palpitations were obtained at baseline. The ...


Combined Free Light Chains Are Novel Predictors Of Prognosis In Heart Failure, Colette E. Jackson, Caroline Haig, Paul Welsh, Jonathan R. Dalzell, Ioannis K. Tsorlalis, Alex Mcconnachie, David Preiss, Iain B. Mcinnes, Naveed Sattar, Mark C. Petrie, Roy S. Gardner, John Mcmurray Jan 2015

Combined Free Light Chains Are Novel Predictors Of Prognosis In Heart Failure, Colette E. Jackson, Caroline Haig, Paul Welsh, Jonathan R. Dalzell, Ioannis K. Tsorlalis, Alex Mcconnachie, David Preiss, Iain B. Mcinnes, Naveed Sattar, Mark C. Petrie, Roy S. Gardner, John Mcmurray

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Objectives This study investigated the prevalence and potential incremental prognostic value of combined free light chains (cFLCs) in patients recently hospitalized with decompensated heart failure (HF). Background Inflammatory pathways are recognized in the pathogenesis and progression of HF. Free light chain (FLC) elevation is conventionally associated with monoclonal gammopathies, including multiple myeloma. Polyclonal increases in both kappa and lambda FLCs occur in autoimmune and other chronic inflammatory conditions. Recently, a novel assay for measuring kappa and lambda immunoglobulin FLCs together, known as combined free light chain (cFLC) has been developed. Methods Six hundred twenty-eight patients recently hospitalized with decompensated HF ...


Mismatch Between Perceived And Objectively Measured Land Use Mix And Street Connectivity: Associations With Neighborhood Walking, Mohammad Koohsari, Hannah Badland, Takemi Sugiyama, Suzanne Mavoa, Hayley Christian, Billie Giles-Corti Jan 2015

Mismatch Between Perceived And Objectively Measured Land Use Mix And Street Connectivity: Associations With Neighborhood Walking, Mohammad Koohsari, Hannah Badland, Takemi Sugiyama, Suzanne Mavoa, Hayley Christian, Billie Giles-Corti

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Studies on the mismatch between objective and perceived measures of walkability and walking provide insights into targeting interventions. These studies focused on those living in more walkable environments, but perceiving them as less walkable. However, it is equally important to understand how the other mismatch (living in less walkable areas, but perceiving them as walkable) is related to walking. This study examined how the mismatch between perceived and objective walkability measures (i.e., living in less walkable areas, but perceiving them as walkable, and living in more walkable areas, but perceiving them as less walkable) was associated with walking. Baseline ...


Is There An Association Between Sleeping Patterns And Other Environmental Factors With Obesity And Blood Pressure In An Urban African Population?, Sandra Pretorius, Simon Stewart, Melinda Carrington, Kim Lamont, Karen Sliwa, Nigel Crowther Jan 2015

Is There An Association Between Sleeping Patterns And Other Environmental Factors With Obesity And Blood Pressure In An Urban African Population?, Sandra Pretorius, Simon Stewart, Melinda Carrington, Kim Lamont, Karen Sliwa, Nigel Crowther

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Beyond changing dietary patterns, there is a paucity of data to fully explain the high prevalence of obesity and hypertension in urban African populations. The aim of this study was to determine whether other environmental factors (including sleep duration, smoking and physical activity) are related to body anthropometry and blood pressure (BP). Data were collected on 1311 subjects, attending two primary health care clinics in Soweto, South Africa. Questionnaires were used to obtain data on education, employment, exercise, smoking and sleep duration. Anthropometric and BP measurements were taken. Subjects comprised 862 women (mean age 41 ± 16 years and mean BMI ...