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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

The Effect Of High Intensity Running Training On Work Capacity In Football (Soccer), Timothy James Rogers Sep 2010

The Effect Of High Intensity Running Training On Work Capacity In Football (Soccer), Timothy James Rogers

Theses

Rationale: High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) has been used by elite athletes for decades however, it is a relatively under researched training methodology in a team sport setting. Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a high intensity interval training protocol on aerobic power and physical performance in competitive matches. Intervention: Twenty-five (25) players were recruited from a national Under 20 men's football (soccer) program. Players were randomly assigned to one of two intervention groups; - A high intensity interval training intervention group - A control group The intervention group completed a 10 minute interval training ...


Transition To End-Of-Life In The Aged Care Setting: Identifying The Changes, Ruth Hohn Aug 2010

Transition To End-Of-Life In The Aged Care Setting: Identifying The Changes, Ruth Hohn

Theses

The purpose of this research study was to identify the perceptions of aged care health care personnel (ACHCP) working in residential aged care facilities (RACFs) of the changes that indicate a resident has entered the end-of-life (EOL) phase. This is a challenging time for ACHCP because the changes in the resident's condition are frequently subtle and sometimes difficult to identify due to their slow deterioration, often over many months. In order for the best EOL care to be given to residents, timely and accurate assessment of this phase would enable the best possible and most appropriate care to be ...


Compliance With Lipid-Lowering Medications Following Diagnosis Of Coronary Heart Disease By Angiography: A Prospective Cohort Study, Sandra N. Mckellar Mar 2010

Compliance With Lipid-Lowering Medications Following Diagnosis Of Coronary Heart Disease By Angiography: A Prospective Cohort Study, Sandra N. Mckellar

Theses

The aim of this research study was to measure the length of time that coronary heart disease patients remain compliant with lipid lowering medications and, if they ceased taking their medications, to investigate the reasons why. Scope: The research was designed as a prospective cohort study, enrolling 120 randomly selected patients who were diagnosed with coronary heart disease by angiography and followed up for one year. Individual participants were followed up, via monthly telephone interviews, for a twelve-month period, using standardised questionnaires. Conclusions: At month twelve, all subjects reported compliance with lipid lowering therapy. This result was unexpected and inconsistent ...


Gait Variability, Stride Dynamics And Falls Risk In Community Dwelling Older Women, Kade Paterson Feb 2010

Gait Variability, Stride Dynamics And Falls Risk In Community Dwelling Older Women, Kade Paterson

Theses

This thesis investigated measures of walking instability in older adults with the aim to establish if stride dynamics and gait variability can predict falls in active older women. Falls are a major problem for older adults and the majority occur when walking. The identification of markers of walking instability that predict falls, particularly in active and healthy older adults, would help prevent injury, loss of independence and institutionalisation. Three studies were conducted as part of this thesis. These studies investigated the effect of walking protocol on measures of gait variability in healthy adults and examined the relationship between stride dynamics ...


An Ethnography Study Of Nurses' Cancer Pain Management In Sri Lanka, Badurakada Sunil De Silva Feb 2010

An Ethnography Study Of Nurses' Cancer Pain Management In Sri Lanka, Badurakada Sunil De Silva

Theses

Cancer pain is a serious problem that requires specialised nursing knowledge to manage. This ethnography study explored the experiences and practices of cancer pain management among nurses at the Cancer Hospital, Sri Lanka. Data were collected at the Cancer Hospital in Sri Lanka during October 2007 to January 2008. Data consisted of participant observation of nursing practice in a cancer ward, semistructured interviews with 10 participants and researcher diary. Analysis of data was undertaken with Richard's (2005) method of handling qualitative data and consisted of coding data initially and an integrative process to develop categories. Findings identified Sri Lankan ...


Australian Mental Health Consumers' Contributions To The Evaluation And Improvement Of Recovery-Oriented Service Provision, Sarah L. Marshall, Lindsay G. Oades, Trevor P. Crowe Jan 2010

Australian Mental Health Consumers' Contributions To The Evaluation And Improvement Of Recovery-Oriented Service Provision, Sarah L. Marshall, Lindsay G. Oades, Trevor P. Crowe

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: one key component of recovery-oriented mental health services, typically overlooked, involves genuine collaboration between researchers and consumers to evaluate and improve services delivered within a recovery framework. Method: Eighteen mental health consumers working with staff who had received training in the Collaborative recovery Model (CrM) took part in in-depth focus group meetings, of approximately 2.5 hours each, to generate feedback to guide improvement of the CrM and its use in mental health services. Results: Consumers identified clear avenues for improvement for the CrM both specific to the model and broadly applicable to recovery-oriented service provision. Findings suggest consumers ...


Living Life In Residential Aged Care: A Process Of Continuous Adjustment, Barbara Mckenzie-Green Jan 2010

Living Life In Residential Aged Care: A Process Of Continuous Adjustment, Barbara Mckenzie-Green

Theses

The aim of this study was to examine whether, and how, residents living in residential aged care homes become involved in their care, and what areas of their care and life they work to influence or negotiate.


2010 Accf/Aha/Aats/Acr/Asa/Sca/Scai/Sir/Sts/Svm Guidelines For The Diagnosis And Management Of Patients With Thoracic Aortic Disease, Loren F. Hiratzka, G. Bakris, Joshua A. Beckman, Robert M. Bersin, Vincent F. Carr, Donald E. Casey, Kim A. Eagle, Luke K. Hermann, Eric M. Isselbacher, Ella A. Kazerooni, Nicholas T. Kouchoukos, Bruce W. Lytle, Dianna M. Milewicz, David L. Reich, Souvik Sen, Julie A. Shinn, Lars G. Svensson, David M. Williams, Alice K. Jacobs, Sidney C. Smith, Jeffrey L. Anderson, Cynthia D. Adams, Christopher E. Buller, Mark A. Creager, Steven M. Ettinger, Robert A. Guyton, Jonathan L. Halperin, Sharon A. Hunt, Harlan M. Krumholz, Frederick G. Kushner, Rick Nishimura, Richard L. Page, Barbara Riegel, William G. Stevenson, Lynn G. Tarkington, Clyde W. Yancy Jan 2010

2010 Accf/Aha/Aats/Acr/Asa/Sca/Scai/Sir/Sts/Svm Guidelines For The Diagnosis And Management Of Patients With Thoracic Aortic Disease, Loren F. Hiratzka, G. Bakris, Joshua A. Beckman, Robert M. Bersin, Vincent F. Carr, Donald E. Casey, Kim A. Eagle, Luke K. Hermann, Eric M. Isselbacher, Ella A. Kazerooni, Nicholas T. Kouchoukos, Bruce W. Lytle, Dianna M. Milewicz, David L. Reich, Souvik Sen, Julie A. Shinn, Lars G. Svensson, David M. Williams, Alice K. Jacobs, Sidney C. Smith, Jeffrey L. Anderson, Cynthia D. Adams, Christopher E. Buller, Mark A. Creager, Steven M. Ettinger, Robert A. Guyton, Jonathan L. Halperin, Sharon A. Hunt, Harlan M. Krumholz, Frederick G. Kushner, Rick Nishimura, Richard L. Page, Barbara Riegel, William G. Stevenson, Lynn G. Tarkington, Clyde W. Yancy

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

No abstract provided.


Predictors Of Future Falls In Parkinson Disease [Accepted Manuscript], G. K. Kerr, C. J. Worringham, M. H. Cole, P. F. Lacherez, J. M. Wood, P. A. Silburn Jan 2010

Predictors Of Future Falls In Parkinson Disease [Accepted Manuscript], G. K. Kerr, C. J. Worringham, M. H. Cole, P. F. Lacherez, J. M. Wood, P. A. Silburn

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Falls are a major health and injury problem for people with Parkinson disease (PD). Despite the severe consequences of falls, a major unresolved issue is the identification of factors that predict the risk of falls in individual patients with PD. The primary aim of this study was to prospectively determine an optimal combination of functional and disease-specific tests to predict falls in individuals with PD.

Methods: A total of 101 people with early-stage PD undertook a battery of neurologic and functional tests in their optimally medicated state. The tests included Tinetti, Berg, Timed Up and Go, Functional Reach, and ...


Association Of Television Viewing With Fasting And 2-H Postchallenge Plasma Glucose Levels In Adults Without Diagnosed Diabetes, Terence Dunstan, Anne-Louise Ponsonby, Obioha Ukoumunne, Angela Pezic, Alison Venn, David Dunstan, Elizabeth Barr, Steven Blair, Jennifer Cochrane, Paul Zimmet, Jonathan Shaw Jan 2010

Association Of Television Viewing With Fasting And 2-H Postchallenge Plasma Glucose Levels In Adults Without Diagnosed Diabetes, Terence Dunstan, Anne-Louise Ponsonby, Obioha Ukoumunne, Angela Pezic, Alison Venn, David Dunstan, Elizabeth Barr, Steven Blair, Jennifer Cochrane, Paul Zimmet, Jonathan Shaw

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Objectives: To investigate the association between change in daily step count and both adiposity and insulin sensitivity and the extent to which the association between change in daily step count and insulin sensitivity may be mediated by adiposity.


Falls In Parkinson's Disease: Kinematic Evidence For Impaired Head And Trunk Control [Accepted Manuscript], Michael H. Cole, Peter A. Silburn, Joanne M. Wood, Charles J. Worringham, Graham K. Kerr Jan 2010

Falls In Parkinson's Disease: Kinematic Evidence For Impaired Head And Trunk Control [Accepted Manuscript], Michael H. Cole, Peter A. Silburn, Joanne M. Wood, Charles J. Worringham, Graham K. Kerr

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Changes in stride characteristics and gait rhythmicity characterize gait in Parkinson's disease and are widely believed to contribute to falls in this population. However, few studies have examined gait in PD patients who fall. This study reports on the complexities of walking in PD patients who reported falling during a 12-month follow-up. Forty-nine patients clinically diagnosed with idiopathic PD and 34 controls had their gait assessed using three-dimensional motion analysis. Of the PD patients, 32 (65%) reported at least one fall during the follow-up compared with 17 (50%) controls. The results showed that PD patients had increased stride timing ...


Chronic Depression: Responses To Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation And Considerations Of A Developmental Construction Of Self, Jasmina Markovski Jan 2010

Chronic Depression: Responses To Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation And Considerations Of A Developmental Construction Of Self, Jasmina Markovski

Theses

There are two components to this thesis, one applied and one theoretical: (1) to investigate whether treatment response to Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) can be predicted by depressive subtypes and (2) to explore the contribution of personality to chronic depression. Participants were 67 adults volunteering for clinical trials of TMS. In the first component individuals were separated into two groups, melancholic and non-melancholic. Both groups showed a significant reduction in their depressive symptomatology following treatment. Individuals had also been administered a measure for Depressive Personality Disorder (DPD). When the individuals were classified based on DPD groups, both those with a ...


Investigating Rejection Sensitivity: An Exploration Of Intrapersonal And Interpersonal Factors, Emily L. Musgrove Jan 2010

Investigating Rejection Sensitivity: An Exploration Of Intrapersonal And Interpersonal Factors, Emily L. Musgrove

Theses

Rejection sensitivity is defined as the tendency to 'anxiously expect, readily perceive, and overreact to rejection' (Downey, Feldman, Khuri, & Friedman, 1994, p. 496). It has been conceptualised as a cognitive-affective processing disposition that undermines adaptive functioning. The overall aim of the current research was to explore the rejection sensitivity dynamic and investigate its association with maladaptive intrapersonal and interpersonal outcomes. To address this aim, four studies, each of which used a cross-sectional design, were undertaken. Study one explored the relationship between rejection sensitivity and depressive symptoms, and specifically sought to examine the role of social anxiety and loneliness within this ...


Job-Related Factors That Predict The Psychological Health And Well-Being Of Urban Taxi Drivers, Elizabeth R. Evans Jan 2010

Job-Related Factors That Predict The Psychological Health And Well-Being Of Urban Taxi Drivers, Elizabeth R. Evans

Theses

A vast body of research conducted over several decades has established that (a) psychological stress is a major occupational health problem, and (b) drivers in the transport industry are one of several occupational groups who report disproportionately high levels of work-induced stress and psychological ill health. Although the psychological health of truck, coach and urban bus drivers has been studied extensively over the past three decades, the taxi industry has not received the same level of research scrutiny. Only two studies have investigated the effects that driving a taxi has on drivers’ psychological health and well-being. These studies identified potential ...