Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 8 of 8

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Harnessing Advances In Computer Simulation To Inform Policy And Planning To Reduce Alcohol-Related Harms, Jo-An Atkinson, Dylan Knowles, John H. Wiggers, Michael Livingston, Robin Room, Ante Prodan, Geoff Mcdonnell, Eloise O'Donnell, Sandra Jones, Paul S. Haber, David Muscatello, Nadine Ezard, Nghi Phung, Louise Freebairn, Devon Indig, Lucie Rychetnik, Jaithri Ananthapavan, Sonia Wutzke Jan 2018

Harnessing Advances In Computer Simulation To Inform Policy And Planning To Reduce Alcohol-Related Harms, Jo-An Atkinson, Dylan Knowles, John H. Wiggers, Michael Livingston, Robin Room, Ante Prodan, Geoff Mcdonnell, Eloise O'Donnell, Sandra Jones, Paul S. Haber, David Muscatello, Nadine Ezard, Nghi Phung, Louise Freebairn, Devon Indig, Lucie Rychetnik, Jaithri Ananthapavan, Sonia Wutzke

Professional Staff Publications

Objectives: Alcohol misuse is a complex systemic problem. The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility of using a transparent and participatory agent-based modelling approach to develop a robust decision support tool to test alcohol policy scenarios before they are implemented in the real world.

Methods: A consortium of Australia’s leading alcohol experts was engaged to collaboratively develop an agent-based model of alcohol consumption behaviour and related harms. As a case study, four policy scenarios were examined.

Results: A 19.5 ± 2.5% reduction in acute alcohol-related harms was estimated with the implementation of a 3 a ...


Heroic Struggles, Criminals And Scientific Breakthroughs: Adhd And The Medicalization Of Child Behaviour In Australian Newsprint Media 1999-2009, Valerie Harwood, Sandra Jones, Andrew Bonney, Samantha Mcmahon Jan 2017

Heroic Struggles, Criminals And Scientific Breakthroughs: Adhd And The Medicalization Of Child Behaviour In Australian Newsprint Media 1999-2009, Valerie Harwood, Sandra Jones, Andrew Bonney, Samantha Mcmahon

Professional Staff Publications

There is a dearth of scholarly analysis and critique of the Australian newsprint media’s role in the medicalization of child behaviour. To begin to redress this lack this paper analyses newsprint media’s use of metaphors that re/describe and construct realities of ADHD with a medicalizing effect. The interdisciplinary team used the FactivaTM database to locate and review 453 articles published in Australian national and metropolitan newspapers during the decade 1999–2009. Data analysis involved generating statistical descriptions of the dataset according to attributes such as: date, state, newspaper titles and author names. This was followed by inductive ...


Should I Drink Responsibly, Safely Or Properly? Confusing Messages About Reducing Alcohol-Related Harm, Sandra C. Jones, Sabine Hall, Kypros Kypri Jan 2017

Should I Drink Responsibly, Safely Or Properly? Confusing Messages About Reducing Alcohol-Related Harm, Sandra C. Jones, Sabine Hall, Kypros Kypri

Professional Staff Publications

‘Responsible drinking’ campaigns emerged in the early 1970s as a means of addressing hazardous drinking and its related consequences. While these were initially the product of public health agencies and health-related NGOs, they are increasingly being developed and disseminated by the alcohol industry. There is considerable debate as to whether industry-generated campaigns are designed to reduce hazardous drinking and related problems (as argued by their developers) or are designed to avoid government regulation or even to increase sales. The aim of the present study was to explore the way that recent industry-developed responsible drinking campaigns are perceived and interpreted by ...


Community Ambulance Response Trolleys: Preparing Students For The Paramedic Workplace, Georgia Clarkson, Heath Gangell Jan 2017

Community Ambulance Response Trolleys: Preparing Students For The Paramedic Workplace, Georgia Clarkson, Heath Gangell

Professional Staff Publications

Introduction The curriculum of undergraduate paramedicine programs invariably includes clinical placement experiences. Engagement in learning in the workplace is however constrained by lack of familiarity with workplace cultural expectations. Strategies assisting students to understand workplace expectations have the potential to enhance engagement on placements and with workplace transition. This study examines whether one classroom practice initiative heightens students’ understanding of specific paramedic workplace expectations. Methods CART (a system developed to mimic equipment management strategies of the paramedic workplace) was introduced on one campus of an Australian university. Another university campus was selected as a comparison site and did not operate ...


Osce Best Practice Guidelines - Applicability For Nursing Simulations, Michelle A. Kelly, Marion Mitchell, Amanda Henderson, Carol Jeffrey, Michele Groves, Duncan David Nulty, Pauline Glover, Sabina Knight Jan 2016

Osce Best Practice Guidelines - Applicability For Nursing Simulations, Michelle A. Kelly, Marion Mitchell, Amanda Henderson, Carol Jeffrey, Michele Groves, Duncan David Nulty, Pauline Glover, Sabina Knight

Professional Staff Publications

Background: Objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) have been used for many years within healthcare programmes as a measure of students’ and clinicians’ clinical performance. OSCEs are a form of simulation and are often summative but may be formative. This educational approach requires robust design based on sound pedagogy to assure practice and assessment of holistic nursing care. As part of a project testing seven OSCE best practice guidelines (BPGs) across three sites, the BPGs were applied to an existing simulation activity. The aim of this study was to determine the applicability and value of the OSCE BPGs in an existing ...


Implications Of Gambling Problems For Family And Interpersonal Adjustment: Results From The Quinte Longitudinal Study, Sean Cowlishaw, Aino Suomi, Bryan Rodgers Jan 2016

Implications Of Gambling Problems For Family And Interpersonal Adjustment: Results From The Quinte Longitudinal Study, Sean Cowlishaw, Aino Suomi, Bryan Rodgers

Professional Staff Publications

Aims: To evaluate (1) whether gambling problems predict overall trajectories of change in family or interpersonal adjustment and (2) whether annual measures of gambling problems predict time‐specific decreases in family or interpersonal adjustment, concurrently and prospectively. Design: The Quinte Longitudinal Study (QLS) involved random‐digit dialling of telephone numbers around the city of Belleville, Canada to recruit ‘general population’ and ‘at‐risk’ groups (the latter oversampling people likely to develop problems). Five waves of assessment were conducted (2006–10). Latent Trajectory Modelling (LTM) estimated overall trajectories of family and interpersonal adjustment, which were predicted by gambling problems, and also ...


Opportunistic Screening To Detect Atrial Fibrillation In Aboriginal Adults In Australia, Kylie Gwynne, Yvonne Flaskas, Ciaran O'Brien, Thomas Jeffries, Debbie Mccowen, Heather Finlayson, Thomas Martin, L. Neubeck, Ben Freedman Jan 2016

Opportunistic Screening To Detect Atrial Fibrillation In Aboriginal Adults In Australia, Kylie Gwynne, Yvonne Flaskas, Ciaran O'Brien, Thomas Jeffries, Debbie Mccowen, Heather Finlayson, Thomas Martin, L. Neubeck, Ben Freedman

Professional Staff Publications

Abstract Introduction There is a 10-year gap in life expectancy between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Australians. The leading cause of death for Aboriginal Australians is cardiovascular disease, including myocardial infarction and stroke. Although atrial fibrillation (AF) is a known precursor to stroke there are no published studies about the prevalence of AF for Aboriginal people and limited evidence about AF in indigenous populations globally. Methods and analysis This mixed methods study will recruit and train Aboriginal health workers to use an iECG device attached to a smartphone to consecutively screen 1500 Aboriginal people aged 45 years and older. The study will ...


The Value Of Best-Practice Guidelines For Osces In A Postgraduate Program In An Australian Remote Area Setting, C. A. Jeffery, Marion L. Mitchell, Amanda Henderson, S. Lenthall, Sabina Knight, Pauline Glover, Michelle Kelly, Duncan Nulty, Michele Groves Jan 2014

The Value Of Best-Practice Guidelines For Osces In A Postgraduate Program In An Australian Remote Area Setting, C. A. Jeffery, Marion L. Mitchell, Amanda Henderson, S. Lenthall, Sabina Knight, Pauline Glover, Michelle Kelly, Duncan Nulty, Michele Groves

Professional Staff Publications

Introduction: Nurses in remote areas of Australia are the primary healthcare professionals, who need to be able to deliver comprehensive and culturally sensitive care to clients, many of whom are Indigenous Australians. Adequate and specific preparation for practice is crucial to the quality of care delivered by remote area nurses (RANs). Objective structured clinical examinations (OSCE) provide an excellent opportunity for student practice in a simulated environment that is safe, authentic, fair and valid when well constructed. Seven integrated best practice guidelines (BPGs), previously developed by project team members to inform OSCEs within educational programs, provided guidance in restructuring the ...