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Sport And Physical Activity For Youth With Intellectual Disability: An Analysis Of Determinants And Outcomes, Nathanial J. Kapsal Jun 2019

Sport And Physical Activity For Youth With Intellectual Disability: An Analysis Of Determinants And Outcomes, Nathanial J. Kapsal

Theses

Introduction: Extensive research has supported the physical and psychosocial health benefits of physical activity among typically developing youth. These benefits include higher quality of life, lower risk of disease, higher levels of psychological and emotional well-being, greater school engagement, greater motor skills, more frequent prosocial behaviours, and enhanced self-concept. Compared to their typically developing peers, youth with intellectual disability participate less frequently in physical activity, tend to be less fit, have poorer motor control, and worse mental health. Many studies examining sport and physical activity for youth with disability have focused on a limited range of outcomes or interventions, have ...


Socioemotional Functioning In Youth With Borderline Personality Disorder, Elizabeth Pizarro-Campagna Mar 2019

Socioemotional Functioning In Youth With Borderline Personality Disorder, Elizabeth Pizarro-Campagna

Theses

This thesis makes an original contribution to our understanding of socioemotional functioning in borderline personality disorder (BPD) by critically examining social cognition and emotion regulation BPD research from a developmental perspective. It also extends on previous research, making a novel and important contribution to our understanding of sociocognitive functioning and emotion regulation ability in youth with first presentation BPD. This was achieved via two critical narrative reviews of the existing literature and two empirical studies, which examined aspects of social cognition and emotion regulation considered key to interpersonal functioning in BPD. The empirical studies assessed, 1) unconscious simulation processes, a ...


Cognitive Function Of Elderly Persons In Japanese Neighborhoods: The Role Of Street Layout, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Tomoki Nakaya, Gavin R. Mccormack, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Akitomo Yasunaga, Koichiro Oka Jan 2019

Cognitive Function Of Elderly Persons In Japanese Neighborhoods: The Role Of Street Layout, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Tomoki Nakaya, Gavin R. Mccormack, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Akitomo Yasunaga, Koichiro Oka

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Objectives: The aims of this study were to examine (a) associations of two metric and space syntax measures of street layout with the cognitive function of Japanese older adults and (b) the extent to which objectively assessed physical activity mediated such associations. Methods: Cross-sectional data from 277 older adults who lived in Japan were used. Street layout attributes were objectively calculated for each participant’s geocoded home location. The Mini-Mental State Examination was used to evaluate cognitive function. Physical activity was objectively assessed with accelerometers. Results: There was a statistically significant negative association between street integration and the odds of ...


Do Physical Activity Social Cohesion, And Loneliness Mediate The Association Between Time Spent Visiting Green Space And Mental Health?, Magdalena M. Van Den Berg, Mireille Van Poppel, Irene Van Kamp, Annemarie Ruijsbroek, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Christopher Gidlow, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Regina Gražulevičiene, Willem Van Mechelen, Hanneke Kruize, Jolanda Maas Jan 2019

Do Physical Activity Social Cohesion, And Loneliness Mediate The Association Between Time Spent Visiting Green Space And Mental Health?, Magdalena M. Van Den Berg, Mireille Van Poppel, Irene Van Kamp, Annemarie Ruijsbroek, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Christopher Gidlow, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Regina Gražulevičiene, Willem Van Mechelen, Hanneke Kruize, Jolanda Maas

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

This cross-sectional study investigated whether physical activity, social cohesion, and loneliness mediate the association between time spent visiting green spaces and perceived mental health and vitality. Questionnaire data were collected from 3,948 residents from 124 neighborhoods across four European cities. Multilevel linear regression analysis revealed positive, but weak, associations between time spent visiting green space and Medical Outcome Study Short Form (SF-36) mental health and vitality score, which suggest small mental health benefits. Single mediation analyses showed that different indicators of physical activity (total, during leisure time, and walking during leisure time), social cohesion, and loneliness were mediators. Multiple ...


Dog Ownership, The Natural Outdoor Environment And Health: A Cross-Sectional Study, Wilma L. Zijlema, Hayley Christian, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Marta Cirach, Magdalena Van Den Berg, Jolanda Maas, Christopher J. Gidlow, Hanneke Kruize, Wanda Wendel-Vos, Sandra Andrušaitytė, Regina Grazuleviciene, Jill Litt, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen Jan 2019

Dog Ownership, The Natural Outdoor Environment And Health: A Cross-Sectional Study, Wilma L. Zijlema, Hayley Christian, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Marta Cirach, Magdalena Van Den Berg, Jolanda Maas, Christopher J. Gidlow, Hanneke Kruize, Wanda Wendel-Vos, Sandra Andrušaitytė, Regina Grazuleviciene, Jill Litt, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Objectives: Dog owners walking their dog in natural outdoor environments (NOE) may benefit from the physical activity facilitated by dog walking and from time spent in nature. However, it is unclear whether dog owners receive additional health benefits associated with having access to NOE above the physical activity benefit of walking with their dog. We investigated associations between dog ownership, walking, time spent in NOE and health and whether these associations differed among those with good and poor access to NOE and those living in green and less green areas. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: The Positive Health Effects of the ...


Impulsivity And Body Fat Accumulation Are Linked To Cortical And Subcortical Brain Volumes Among Adolescents And Adults, Naomi Kakoschke, Valentina Lorenzetti, Karen Caeyenberghs, Antonio Verdejo-García Jan 2019

Impulsivity And Body Fat Accumulation Are Linked To Cortical And Subcortical Brain Volumes Among Adolescents And Adults, Naomi Kakoschke, Valentina Lorenzetti, Karen Caeyenberghs, Antonio Verdejo-García

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Obesity is associated not only with metabolic and physical health conditions, but with individual variations in cognition and brain health. This study examined the association between body fat (an index of excess weight severity), impulsivity (a vulnerability factor for obesity), and brain structure among adolescents and adults across the body mass index (BMI) spectrum. We used 3D T1 weighted anatomic magnetic resonance imaging scans to map the association between body fat and volumes in regions associated with obesity and impulsivity. Participants were 127 individuals (BMI: 18–40 kg/m2; M = 25.69 ± 5.15), aged 14 to 45 years (M ...


Expanding The Map Of Intrinsic And Extrinsic Aspirations Using Network Analysis And Multidimensional Scaling: Examining Four New Aspirations, Frank Martela, Emma L. Bradshaw, Richard M. Ryan Jan 2019

Expanding The Map Of Intrinsic And Extrinsic Aspirations Using Network Analysis And Multidimensional Scaling: Examining Four New Aspirations, Frank Martela, Emma L. Bradshaw, Richard M. Ryan

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Life goals or aspirations can be distinguished as intrinsic or extrinsic, with different implications for well-being. In this study we used network analysis to reexamine this intrinsic-extrinsic distinction, illustrating how novel candidate aspirations can be mapped along this dimension using innovative methods. We identify four previously unexamined life aspirations, predicting that aspiring for power and social adherence would group with extrinsic goals, whereas aspiring for self-expression and mastery would group with intrinsic goals. In two samples (n = 196; n = 346) we analyze both the original life-goal variables and these novel aspirations using factor analysis, multidimensional scaling, circumplex modeling, and a ...


Impact Of A Riverside Accessibility Intervention On Use, Physical Activity, And Wellbeing: A Mixed Methods Pre-Post Evaluation, Cristina Vert, Glòria Carrasco-Turigas, Wilma Zijlema, Ana Espinosa, Lia Cano-Riu, Lewis R. Elliott, Jill Litt, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Mireia Gascon Jan 2019

Impact Of A Riverside Accessibility Intervention On Use, Physical Activity, And Wellbeing: A Mixed Methods Pre-Post Evaluation, Cristina Vert, Glòria Carrasco-Turigas, Wilma Zijlema, Ana Espinosa, Lia Cano-Riu, Lewis R. Elliott, Jill Litt, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Mireia Gascon

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Introduction Access to natural outdoor environments can promote physical activity, social cohesion, and improved psychological well-being. In 2016, an urban riverside regeneration project to facilitate access to the riverbank for pedestrians and cyclists was conducted in Barcelona (Spain). We aim to evaluate its effect in terms of changes in use and physical activity of users, and changes in local’s use and perception of the urban riverside, and their corresponding self-perceived health and well-being. Methods We conducted systematic observations, before and after the intervention, using the System for Observing Parks and Recreation in Communities (SOPARC) to quantify the use and ...


Envisioning Progress And Perils: Musings On The Future Of Motivation Research In A Rapidly Evolving World [Accepted Manuscript], Richard Ryan, Emma Bradshaw Jan 2019

Envisioning Progress And Perils: Musings On The Future Of Motivation Research In A Rapidly Evolving World [Accepted Manuscript], Richard Ryan, Emma Bradshaw

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

This final chapter reflects on the rich contributions within this Handbook of Human Motivation on diverse topics including self-regulation, biological mechanisms, awareness, defensiveness and oppression, and the facilitation of engagement, learning, and behavior change. These processes are examined within broad theoretical frameworks, as well as in specific domains such as close relationships, physical activity, work, education, and psychotherapy. Building on these contributions, the chapter projects forward in time to ask the question of whether future scientists and practitioners will think these authors from the early 21st century were asking the right questions. The chapter includes speculation on how developments in ...


International Clinical Practice Recommendations On The Definition, Diagnosis, Assessment, Intervention And Psychosocial Aspects Of Developmental Coordination Disorder, Rainer Blank, Anna L. Barnett, John Cairney, Dido Green, Amanda Kirby, Helene Polatajko, Sara Rosenblum, Bouwein C. M. Smits-Engelsman, David Sugden, Peter Wilson, Sabine Vinçon Jan 2019

International Clinical Practice Recommendations On The Definition, Diagnosis, Assessment, Intervention And Psychosocial Aspects Of Developmental Coordination Disorder, Rainer Blank, Anna L. Barnett, John Cairney, Dido Green, Amanda Kirby, Helene Polatajko, Sara Rosenblum, Bouwein C. M. Smits-Engelsman, David Sugden, Peter Wilson, Sabine Vinçon

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Aim These international clinical practice recommendations (CPR) for developmental coordination disorder (DCD), initiated by the European Academy of Childhood Disability (EACD), aim to address key questions on the definition, diagnosis, assessment, intervention, and psychosocial aspects of DCD relevant for clinical practice. Method Key questions in five areas were considered through literature reviews and formal expert consensus. For recommendations based on evidence, literature searches on ‘mechanisms’, ‘assessment’, and ‘intervention’ were updated since the last recommendations in 2012. New searches were conducted for ‘psychosocial issues’ and ‘adolescents/adults’. Evidence was rated according to the Oxford Centre for Evidence‐Based Medicine (level of ...


Low Childhood Nature Exposure Is Associated With Worse Mental Health In Adulthood, Myriam Preuß, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Sandra Marquez, Marta Cirach, Payam Dadvand, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Christopher Gidlow, Regina Grazuleviciene, Hanneke Kruize, Wilma Zijlema Jan 2019

Low Childhood Nature Exposure Is Associated With Worse Mental Health In Adulthood, Myriam Preuß, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Sandra Marquez, Marta Cirach, Payam Dadvand, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Christopher Gidlow, Regina Grazuleviciene, Hanneke Kruize, Wilma Zijlema

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Exposure to natural outdoor environments (NOE) is associated with health benefits; however, evidence on the impact of NOE exposure during childhood on mental health (MH) and vitality in adulthood is scarce. This study was based on questionnaire data collected from 3585 participants, aged 18–75, in the PHENOTYPE project (2013) in four European cities. Mixed models were used to investigate associations between childhood NOE exposure and (i) MH; (ii) vitality (perceived level of energy and fatigue); and (iii) potential mediation by perceived amount, use, satisfaction, importance of NOE, and residential surrounding greenness, using pooled and city-level data. Adults with low ...


Systematic Literature Review Of Health Impact Assessments In Low And Middle-Income Countries, Meelan Thondoo, David Rojas-Rueda, Joyeeta Gupta, Daniel H. De Vries, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen Jan 2019

Systematic Literature Review Of Health Impact Assessments In Low And Middle-Income Countries, Meelan Thondoo, David Rojas-Rueda, Joyeeta Gupta, Daniel H. De Vries, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Health Impact Assessments (HIAs) motivate effective measures for safeguarding public health. There is consensus that HIAs in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) are lacking, but no study systematically focuses on those that have been successfully conducted across all regions of the world, nor do they highlight factors that may enable or hinder their implementation. Our objectives are to (1) systematically review, geographically map, and characterize HIA activity in LMICs; and (2) apply a process evaluation method to identify factors which are important to improve HIA implementation in LMICs. A systematic review of peer-reviewed HIAs in 156 LMICs was performed in ...


The Impact Of A Park Refurbishment In A Low Socioeconomic Area On Physical Activity: A Cost-Effectiveness Study, Anita Lal, Marj Moodie, Gavin Abbott, Alison Carver, Jo Salmon, Billie Giles-Corti, Anna Timperio, Jenny Veitch Jan 2019

The Impact Of A Park Refurbishment In A Low Socioeconomic Area On Physical Activity: A Cost-Effectiveness Study, Anita Lal, Marj Moodie, Gavin Abbott, Alison Carver, Jo Salmon, Billie Giles-Corti, Anna Timperio, Jenny Veitch

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background Physical inactivity is the fourth highest cause of death globally and is a major contributor to increases in healthcare expenditure. Improving public open spaces such as parks in areas of low socio-economic position (SEP) may increase recreational physical activity in disadvantaged populations. We assessed the cost-effectiveness of the installation of a play-space in a large metropolitan park in a low socioeconomic area based on changes in physical activity. Methods Observational data of visitor counts and activities undertaken in the park before the installation of the new play-scape (T1), at two months (T2) and 14 months post-installation (T3) were obtained ...


To Live A Life With Copd: The Consequences Of Symptom Burden, Helena Johansson, Carina Berterö, Katarina Berg, Lise-Lotte Jonasson Jan 2019

To Live A Life With Copd: The Consequences Of Symptom Burden, Helena Johansson, Carina Berterö, Katarina Berg, Lise-Lotte Jonasson

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a prevalent illness that, due to its symptoms and treatment, entails a significant burden for the affected person, and his/her family, health care and private finances. Today, knowledge and understanding are sparse regarding COPD-affected persons’ own lived experiences and about the symptom burden and its effect on their daily life. Due to this knowledge gap the aim of this study was to identify and describe the symptom burden and its effect on daily life in people with COPD, based on their own lived experiences. Subject and method: Eleven males and 14 females ...


Differences In Brain Processing Of Proprioception Related To Postural Control In Patients With Recurrent Non-Specific Low Back Pain And Healthy Controls, Nina Goossens, Lotte Janssens, Karen Caeyenberghs, Geneviève Albouy, Simon Brumagne Jan 2019

Differences In Brain Processing Of Proprioception Related To Postural Control In Patients With Recurrent Non-Specific Low Back Pain And Healthy Controls, Nina Goossens, Lotte Janssens, Karen Caeyenberghs, Geneviève Albouy, Simon Brumagne

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Patients with non-specific low back pain (NSLBP) show an impaired postural control during standing and a slower performance of sit-to-stand-to-sit (STSTS) movements. Research suggests that these impairments could be due to an altered use of ankle compared to back proprioception. However, the neural correlates of these postural control impairments in NSLBP remain unclear. Therefore, we investigated brain activity during ankle and back proprioceptive processing by applying local muscle vibration during functional magnetic resonance imaging in 20 patients with NSLBP and 20 controls. Correlations between brain activity during proprioceptive processing and (Airaksinen et al., 2006) proprioceptive use during postural control, evaluated ...


Joint Physical-Activity/Screen-Time Trajectories During Early Childhood: Socio-Demographic Predictors And Consequences On Health-Related Quality-Of-Life And Socio-Emotional Outcomes, Borja Del Pozo Cruz, Francisco Perales, Phil Parker, Chris Lonsdale, Michael Noetel, Kylie D. Hesketh, Taren Sanders Jan 2019

Joint Physical-Activity/Screen-Time Trajectories During Early Childhood: Socio-Demographic Predictors And Consequences On Health-Related Quality-Of-Life And Socio-Emotional Outcomes, Borja Del Pozo Cruz, Francisco Perales, Phil Parker, Chris Lonsdale, Michael Noetel, Kylie D. Hesketh, Taren Sanders

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Understanding the early roots of physical activity and sedentary behaviors is critical to developing intervention programs that promote healthy lifestyle habits in infants and children. There is, however, no evidence on how these behaviors cluster and develop together during early childhood. The aim of this study was to identify single and joint longitudinal trajectories in physical activity and screen time amongst children aged 0 to 9 years, their social-demographic predictors and their prospective health-related quality-of-life and socio-emotional outcomes. Methods: Three waves of data from The Longitudinal Study of Australian Children, a national study tracking two cohorts every 2 years ...


Personal And Reported Partner Pornography Viewing By Australian Women, And Association With Mental Health And Body Image, Ingrid L. Laemmle-Ruff, Michelle Raggatt, Cassandra J. C. Wright, Elise Rose Carrotte, Angela C. Davis, Rebecca Jenkinson, Megan Su Cheng Lim Jan 2019

Personal And Reported Partner Pornography Viewing By Australian Women, And Association With Mental Health And Body Image, Ingrid L. Laemmle-Ruff, Michelle Raggatt, Cassandra J. C. Wright, Elise Rose Carrotte, Angela C. Davis, Rebecca Jenkinson, Megan Su Cheng Lim

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Personal and partner pornography viewing may affect health and wellbeing. This study aimed to improve understanding of the effects of pornography on mental health and body image, given emerging evidence of increasing use, particularly among young people. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was implemented, targeting people who had accessed health and fitness content via social media. Convenience sampling was used and participants were recruited via advertising on social media. Results: Overall, 76% (75/99) of women reported having ever viewed pornography, and 21% had viewed pornography frequently (monthly/weekly/daily) in the prior 12 months. The association between frequent viewing ...


Modelling Of Intrinsic And Extrinsic Injury Risk Factors In Elite Tennis, Danielle Gescheit Sep 2018

Modelling Of Intrinsic And Extrinsic Injury Risk Factors In Elite Tennis, Danielle Gescheit

Theses

Elite tennis places high physical, physiological and psychological stresses on its players which can amplify injury risk and limit player development and performance (1, 2). Therefore, understanding what and why injuries occur in both elite junior and professional tennis is critical in mitigating the risk. Unfortunately, current research on elite tennis injury is sparse. What is available is limited by methodological design and conflicting findings. Consequently, this thesis aimed to address these gaps through a more complete examination of the injury epidemiology and aetiology of elite tennis injuries throughout the entire player pathway. Specifically, Study 1 examined the epidemiology and ...


Self-Compassion Moderates The Link Between Perfectionism And Depression Link In Both Adolescence And Adulthood, Madeleine Ferrari, Keong Yap, Nicole Scott, Danielle A. Einstein, Joseph Ciarrochi Feb 2018

Self-Compassion Moderates The Link Between Perfectionism And Depression Link In Both Adolescence And Adulthood, Madeleine Ferrari, Keong Yap, Nicole Scott, Danielle A. Einstein, Joseph Ciarrochi

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Psychological practitioners often seek to directly change the form or frequency of clients' maladaptive perfectionist thoughts, because such thoughts predict future depression. Indirect strategies, such as self-compassion interventions, that seek to change clients' relationships to difficult thoughts, rather than trying to change the thoughts directly could be just as effective. This study aimed to investigate whether self-compassion moderated, or weakened, the relationship between high perfectionism and high depression symptoms in both adolescence and adulthood.

Methods: The present study utilised anonymous self-report questionnaires to assess maladaptive perfectionism, depression, and self-compassion across two samples covering much of the lifespan. Questionnaires were ...


A Worthy Self Is A Caring Self: Examining The Developmental Relations Between Self-Esteem And Self-Compassion In Adolescents [Accepted Manuscript]`, James N. Donald, Joseph Ciarrochi, Philip D. Parker, Baljinder K. Sahdra, Sarah L. Marshall, Jiesi Guo Jan 2018

A Worthy Self Is A Caring Self: Examining The Developmental Relations Between Self-Esteem And Self-Compassion In Adolescents [Accepted Manuscript]`, James N. Donald, Joseph Ciarrochi, Philip D. Parker, Baljinder K. Sahdra, Sarah L. Marshall, Jiesi Guo

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Objective: Self‐compassion has been framed as a healthy alternative to self‐esteem, as it is nonevaluative. However, rather than being alternatives, it may be that the two constructs develop in a mutually reinforcing way. The present study tested this possibility among adolescents. Method: A large adolescent sample (N = 2,809; 49.8% female) reported levels of trait self‐esteem and self‐compassion annually for 4 years. Autoregressive cross‐lagged structural equation models were used to estimate the reciprocal longitudinal relations between the two constructs. Results: Self‐esteem consistently predicted changes in self‐compassion across the 4 years of the ...


Cross-Sectional Associations Of Sedentary Behaviour And Physical Activity On Depression In Japanese Older Adults: An Isotemporal Substitution Approach, Akitomo Yasunaga, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Koichiro Oka Jan 2018

Cross-Sectional Associations Of Sedentary Behaviour And Physical Activity On Depression In Japanese Older Adults: An Isotemporal Substitution Approach, Akitomo Yasunaga, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Koichiro Oka

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Objectives: Reducing sedentary behaviour (SB) and increasing physical activity (PA) have been shown to be associated with decreased depression. However, there are yet few studies examining the potential benefits on older adults’ depression, when SB is replaced with PA. This study aimed to examine the associations of objectively assessed SB, light-intensity PA (LPA) and moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) with depression among a sample of Japanese older adults, and to explore impacts of substituting SB with PA on older adults’ depression. Design: Cross-sectional analysis. Setting: General community. Participants: A total of 276 older adults aged 65–85 years living in Japan. Main ...


Do Natural Experiments Of Changes In Neighborhood Built Environment Impact Physical Activity And Diet? A Systematic Review, Freya Macmillan, Emma S. George, Xiaoqi Feng, Dafna Merom, Andrew Bennie, Amelia Cook, Taren Sanders, Genevieve Dwyer, Bonnie Pang, Justin M. Guagliano, Gregory S. Kolt, Thomas Astell-Burt Jan 2018

Do Natural Experiments Of Changes In Neighborhood Built Environment Impact Physical Activity And Diet? A Systematic Review, Freya Macmillan, Emma S. George, Xiaoqi Feng, Dafna Merom, Andrew Bennie, Amelia Cook, Taren Sanders, Genevieve Dwyer, Bonnie Pang, Justin M. Guagliano, Gregory S. Kolt, Thomas Astell-Burt

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Physical activity and diet are major modifiable risk factors for chronic disease and have been shown to be associated with neighborhood built environment. Systematic review evidence from longitudinal studies on the impact of changing the built environment on physical activity and diet is currently lacking. A systematic review of natural experiments of neighborhood built environment was conducted. The aims of this systematic review were to summarize study characteristics, study quality, and impact of changes in neighborhood built environment on physical activity and diet outcomes among residents. Natural experiments of neighborhood built environment change, exploring longitudinal impacts on physical activity and ...


The Nature Of The Therapeutic Alliance Between Nurses And Consumers With Anorexia Nervosa In The Inpatient Setting: A Mixed‐Methods Study [Accepted Manuscript], Joel S. Zugai, Jane Stein-Parbury, Michael Roche Jan 2018

The Nature Of The Therapeutic Alliance Between Nurses And Consumers With Anorexia Nervosa In The Inpatient Setting: A Mixed‐Methods Study [Accepted Manuscript], Joel S. Zugai, Jane Stein-Parbury, Michael Roche

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Aims and objectives To develop a greater understanding of the nature of the inpatient therapeutic alliance between nurses and consumers with Anorexia Nervosa (AN). Background Consumers with AN value interpersonal relationships with nurses, finding these relationships meaningful and therapeutic. It is established that the therapeutic alliance enhances outcomes for consumers with AN. However, establishing the therapeutic alliance in the inpatient setting is considered challenging. Design: This study employed a two‐phase mixed‐method explanatory sequential design. An initial quantitative survey, phase one, was followed by the collection and analysis of qualitative data, phase two. Methods: Phase one employed validated survey ...


A Qualitative Investigation Of The Perceived Influence Of Adolescents’ Motivation On Relationships Between Domain-Specific Physical Activity And Positive And Negative Affect [Accepted Manuscript], Rhiannon Lee White, Rebecca Olson, Phillip Parker, Thomas Astell-Burt, Chris Lonsdale Jan 2018

A Qualitative Investigation Of The Perceived Influence Of Adolescents’ Motivation On Relationships Between Domain-Specific Physical Activity And Positive And Negative Affect [Accepted Manuscript], Rhiannon Lee White, Rebecca Olson, Phillip Parker, Thomas Astell-Burt, Chris Lonsdale

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background

Evidence shows that the relationship between physical activity and mental wellbeing varies across different life domains. However, little is known about the reasons for such variation. We aimed to explore motivation as a potential underlying factor that may explain some of the variation, by qualitatively examining adolescents’ physical activity experiences and perceived affective outcomes during leisure-time, active travel, and physical education.

Method

We conducted computer-assisted-self-interviews with 144 adolescents (M age = 14.42 years) about physical activity experiences they believed led to positive and negative affect. The participants were asked when the activities occurred, their reason for participation, and with ...


Residential Surrounding Greenness And Cognitive Decline: A 10-Year Follow-Up Of The Whitehall Ii Cohort, Carmen De Keijzer, C. Tonne, Xavier Basagaña, A. Valentín, Archana Singh-Manoux, Jordi Alonso, Josep M. Antó, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Jordi Sunyer, Payam Dadvand Jan 2018

Residential Surrounding Greenness And Cognitive Decline: A 10-Year Follow-Up Of The Whitehall Ii Cohort, Carmen De Keijzer, C. Tonne, Xavier Basagaña, A. Valentín, Archana Singh-Manoux, Jordi Alonso, Josep M. Antó, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Jordi Sunyer, Payam Dadvand

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background:
Evidence on beneficial associations of green space with cognitive function in older adults is very scarce and mainly limited to cross-sectional studies.
Objectives:
We aimed to investigate the association between long-term residential surrounding greenness and cognitive decline.
Methods:
This longitudinal study was based on three waves of data from the Whitehall II cohort, providing a 10-y follow-up (1997–1999 to 2007–2009) of 6,506 participants (45–68 y old) from the United Kingdom. Residential surrounding greenness was obtained across buffers of 500 and 1,000m around the participants’ residential addresses at each follow-up using satellite images on greenness ...


Motor Planning In Children With Cerebral Palsy: A Longitudinal Perspective, Jessica Mireille Lust, Steffie Spruijt, Peter H. Wilson, Bert Steenbergen Jan 2018

Motor Planning In Children With Cerebral Palsy: A Longitudinal Perspective, Jessica Mireille Lust, Steffie Spruijt, Peter H. Wilson, Bert Steenbergen

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Introduction: Motor planning is important for daily functioning. Deficits in motor planning can result in slow, inefficient, and clumsy motor behavior and are linked to disruptions in performance of activities of daily living in children with cerebral palsy (CP). However, the evidence in CP is primarily based on cross-sectional data. Method: Data are presented on the development of motor planning in children with CP using a longitudinal design with three measurement occasions, each separated by 1 year. Twenty-two children with CP (9 boys, 13 girls; age in years;months, M = 7;1, SD = 1;2) and 22 age-matched controls (10 ...


Self-Reported Periodization Of Nutrition In Elite Female And Male Runners And Race Walkers, Ida Heikura, Trent Stellingwerff, Louise Burke Jan 2018

Self-Reported Periodization Of Nutrition In Elite Female And Male Runners And Race Walkers, Ida Heikura, Trent Stellingwerff, Louise Burke

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Athletes should achieve event-specific physiological requirements through careful periodization of training, underpinned by individualized and targeted nutrition strategies. However, evidence of whether, and how, elite endurance athletes periodize nutrition is scarce. Accordingly, elite international female (n = 67) and male (n = 37) middle/long-distance athletes (IAAF score: 1129 ± 54, corresponds to 13:22.49 [males] and 15:17.93 [females] in the 5000 m) completed an online survey (February–May 2018) examining self-reported practices of dietary periodization for micro (within/between-days), meso (weeks/months) and macro (across the year) contexts. Data are shown as the percentage of all athletes practicing a ...


Development Of Preferences For Differently Aged Faces Of Different Races [Accepted Manuscript], Michelle Heron-Delaney, Paul C. Quinn, Fabrice Damon, Kang Lee, Olivier Pascalis Jan 2018

Development Of Preferences For Differently Aged Faces Of Different Races [Accepted Manuscript], Michelle Heron-Delaney, Paul C. Quinn, Fabrice Damon, Kang Lee, Olivier Pascalis

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Children's experiences with differently aged faces changes in the course of development. During infancy, most faces encountered are adult, however as children mature, exposure to child faces becomes more extensive. Does this change in experience influence preference for differently aged faces? The preferences of children for adult vs. child, and adult vs. infant faces were investigated. Caucasian 3‐ to 6‐year‐olds and adults were presented with adult/child and adult/infant face pairs which were either Caucasian or Asian (race consistent within pairs). Younger children (3–4 years) preferred adults over children whereas older children (5–6 years ...


Social Distance Toward Syrian Refugees: The Role Of Intergroup Anxiety In Facilitating Positive Relations, Yasin Koc, Joel R. Anderson Jan 2018

Social Distance Toward Syrian Refugees: The Role Of Intergroup Anxiety In Facilitating Positive Relations, Yasin Koc, Joel R. Anderson

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

The number of asylum seekers and refugees across the world is rapidly increasing. Negative attitudes toward these groups are globally prevalent and typically hostile because most receiving country citizens perceive them to be a security threat and an economic burden. This paper aims to understand the antecedents of negative attitudes toward a large refugee group currently garnering a great deal of attention—Syrian refugees, and experimentally test ways to ameliorate negative attitudes. In Study 1 (N = 122), we investigated predictors of social distance—as a proxy for prejudice—and found right‐wing authoritarianism and intergroup anxiety to be significant predictors ...


Cross-Sectional Associations Of Objectively Assessed Neighbourhood Attributes With Depressive Symptoms In Older Adults Of An Ultra-Dense Urban Environment: The Hong Kong Alecs Study, Casper Zhang, Anthony Barnett, Cindy Sit, P. C. Lai, Janice Johnston, Ruby Lee, Ester Cerin Jan 2018

Cross-Sectional Associations Of Objectively Assessed Neighbourhood Attributes With Depressive Symptoms In Older Adults Of An Ultra-Dense Urban Environment: The Hong Kong Alecs Study, Casper Zhang, Anthony Barnett, Cindy Sit, P. C. Lai, Janice Johnston, Ruby Lee, Ester Cerin

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Objectives This study aimed to examine the associations between objectively assessed neighbourhood environmental attributes and depressive symptoms in Hong Kong Chinese older adults and the moderating effects of neighbourhood environmental attributes on the associations between living arrangements and depressive symptoms. Design Cross-sectional observational study. Setting Hong Kong. Participants 909 Hong Kong Chinese community dwellers aged 65+ years residing in preselected areas stratified by walkability and socioeconomic status. Exposure and outcome measures Attributes of participants’ neighbourhood environment were objectively assessed using geographic information systems and environmental audits. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Geriatric Depression Scale. Results Overall, pedestrian infrastructure (OR ...