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An Evaluation Of A Model Of Care For Children With Serious Illnesses And Their Families In New Zealand, Cynthia Ward Apr 2019

An Evaluation Of A Model Of Care For Children With Serious Illnesses And Their Families In New Zealand, Cynthia Ward

Theses

Background: Due to advances in knowledge and medical technology, many neonates and children survive pre-term birth and serious illness. They are cared for by their families, predominantly their parents, in the family home. While there is a high demand on health services to provide care to the seriously ill child, the highest burden of care falls on the child’s family. The impact of the child’s complex and highly technical care needs on the family unit is often not understood. Although health service providers can provide high quality care, at times, they do not fully comprehend the issues of ...


Walkable Urban Design Attributes And Japanese Older Adults’ Body Mass Index: Mediation Effects Of Physical Activity And Sedentary Behavior, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Andrew T. Kaczynski, Tomoki Nakaya, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Akitomo Yasunaga, Ellen W. Stowe, Tomoya Hanibuchi, Koichiro Oka Jan 2019

Walkable Urban Design Attributes And Japanese Older Adults’ Body Mass Index: Mediation Effects Of Physical Activity And Sedentary Behavior, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Andrew T. Kaczynski, Tomoki Nakaya, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Akitomo Yasunaga, Ellen W. Stowe, Tomoya Hanibuchi, Koichiro Oka

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Purpose: The purposes of this study were to examine associations between objectively measured walkable urban design attributes with Japanese older adults’ body mass index (BMI) and to test whether objectively assessed physical activity and sedentary behavior mediated such associations. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: Matsudo City, Chiba Prefecture, Japan. Participants: Participants were 297 older residents (aged 65-84 years) randomly selected from the registry of residential addresses. Measures: Walkable urban design attributes, including population density, availability of physical activity facilities, intersection density, and access to public transportation stations, were calculated using geographic information systems. Physical activity, sedentary behavior, and BMI were measured objectively ...


Low Childhood Nature Exposure Is Associated With Worse Mental Health In Adulthood, Myriam Preuß, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Sandra Marquez, Marta Cirach, Payam Dadvand, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Christopher Gidlow, Regina Grazuleviciene, Hanneke Kruize, Wilma Zijlema Jan 2019

Low Childhood Nature Exposure Is Associated With Worse Mental Health In Adulthood, Myriam Preuß, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Sandra Marquez, Marta Cirach, Payam Dadvand, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Christopher Gidlow, Regina Grazuleviciene, Hanneke Kruize, Wilma Zijlema

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Exposure to natural outdoor environments (NOE) is associated with health benefits; however, evidence on the impact of NOE exposure during childhood on mental health (MH) and vitality in adulthood is scarce. This study was based on questionnaire data collected from 3585 participants, aged 18–75, in the PHENOTYPE project (2013) in four European cities. Mixed models were used to investigate associations between childhood NOE exposure and (i) MH; (ii) vitality (perceived level of energy and fatigue); and (iii) potential mediation by perceived amount, use, satisfaction, importance of NOE, and residential surrounding greenness, using pooled and city-level data. Adults with low ...


Evaluation Of Different Recruitment Methods: Longitudinal, Web-Based, Pan-European Physical Activity Through Sustainable Transport Approaches (Pasta) Project, Mailin Gaupp-Berghausen, Elisabeth Raser, Esther Anaya-Boig, Ione Avila-Palencia, Audrey De Nazelle, Evi Dons, Helen Franzen, Regine Gerike, Thomas Götschi, Francesco Iacorossi, Reinhard Hössinger, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, David Rojas-Rueda, Julian Sanchez, Emilia Smeds, Manja Deforth, Arnout Standaert, Erik Stigell, Tom Cole-Hunter, Luc Int Panis Jan 2019

Evaluation Of Different Recruitment Methods: Longitudinal, Web-Based, Pan-European Physical Activity Through Sustainable Transport Approaches (Pasta) Project, Mailin Gaupp-Berghausen, Elisabeth Raser, Esther Anaya-Boig, Ione Avila-Palencia, Audrey De Nazelle, Evi Dons, Helen Franzen, Regine Gerike, Thomas Götschi, Francesco Iacorossi, Reinhard Hössinger, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, David Rojas-Rueda, Julian Sanchez, Emilia Smeds, Manja Deforth, Arnout Standaert, Erik Stigell, Tom Cole-Hunter, Luc Int Panis

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Sufficient sample size and minimal sample bias are core requirements for empirical data analyses. Combining opportunistic recruitment with a Web-based survey and data-collection platform yields new benefits over traditional recruitment approaches. Objective: This paper aims to report the success of different recruitment methods and obtain data on participants’ characteristics, participation behavior, recruitment rates, and representativeness of the sample. Methods: A longitudinal, Web-based survey was implemented as part of the European PASTA (Physical Activity through Sustainable Transport Approaches) project, between November 2014 and December 2016. During this period, participants were recruited from 7 European cities on a rolling basis. A ...


Nature-Based Interventions For Improving Health And Wellbeing: The Purpose, The People And The Outcomes, Danielle F. Shanahan, Thomas Astell-Burt, Elizabeth A. Barber, Eric Brymer, Daniel T. C. Cox, Julie Dean, Michael Depledge, Richard A. Fuller, Terry Hartig, Katherine N. Irvine, Andy Jones, Heidy Kikillus, Rebecca Lovell, Richard Mitchell, Jari Niemelä, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Jules Pretty, Mardie Townsend, Yolanda Van Heezik, Sara Warber, Kevin J. Gaston Jan 2019

Nature-Based Interventions For Improving Health And Wellbeing: The Purpose, The People And The Outcomes, Danielle F. Shanahan, Thomas Astell-Burt, Elizabeth A. Barber, Eric Brymer, Daniel T. C. Cox, Julie Dean, Michael Depledge, Richard A. Fuller, Terry Hartig, Katherine N. Irvine, Andy Jones, Heidy Kikillus, Rebecca Lovell, Richard Mitchell, Jari Niemelä, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Jules Pretty, Mardie Townsend, Yolanda Van Heezik, Sara Warber, Kevin J. Gaston

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Engagement with nature is an important part of many people’s lives, and the health and wellbeing benefits of nature–based activities are becoming increasingly recognised across disciplines from city planning to medicine. Despite this, urbanisation, challenges of modern life and environmental degradation are leading to a reduction in both the quantity and the quality of nature experiences. Nature–based health interventions (NBIs) can facilitate behavioural change through a somewhat structured promotion of nature–based experiences and, in doing so, promote improved physical, mental and social health and wellbeing. We conducted a Delphi expert elicitation process with 19 experts from ...


Joint Physical-Activity/Screen-Time Trajectories During Early Childhood: Socio-Demographic Predictors And Consequences On Health-Related Quality-Of-Life And Socio-Emotional Outcomes, Borja Del Pozo Cruz, Francisco Perales, Phil Parker, Chris Lonsdale, Michael Noetel, Kylie D. Hesketh, Taren Sanders Jan 2019

Joint Physical-Activity/Screen-Time Trajectories During Early Childhood: Socio-Demographic Predictors And Consequences On Health-Related Quality-Of-Life And Socio-Emotional Outcomes, Borja Del Pozo Cruz, Francisco Perales, Phil Parker, Chris Lonsdale, Michael Noetel, Kylie D. Hesketh, Taren Sanders

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Understanding the early roots of physical activity and sedentary behaviors is critical to developing intervention programs that promote healthy lifestyle habits in infants and children. There is, however, no evidence on how these behaviors cluster and develop together during early childhood. The aim of this study was to identify single and joint longitudinal trajectories in physical activity and screen time amongst children aged 0 to 9 years, their social-demographic predictors and their prospective health-related quality-of-life and socio-emotional outcomes. Methods: Three waves of data from The Longitudinal Study of Australian Children, a national study tracking two cohorts every 2 years ...


Cognitive Function Of Elderly Persons In Japanese Neighborhoods: The Role Of Street Layout, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Tomoki Nakaya, Gavin R. Mccormack, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Akitomo Yasunaga, Koichiro Oka Jan 2019

Cognitive Function Of Elderly Persons In Japanese Neighborhoods: The Role Of Street Layout, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Tomoki Nakaya, Gavin R. Mccormack, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Akitomo Yasunaga, Koichiro Oka

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Objectives: The aims of this study were to examine (a) associations of two metric and space syntax measures of street layout with the cognitive function of Japanese older adults and (b) the extent to which objectively assessed physical activity mediated such associations. Methods: Cross-sectional data from 277 older adults who lived in Japan were used. Street layout attributes were objectively calculated for each participant’s geocoded home location. The Mini-Mental State Examination was used to evaluate cognitive function. Physical activity was objectively assessed with accelerometers. Results: There was a statistically significant negative association between street integration and the odds of ...


Do Physical Activity Social Cohesion, And Loneliness Mediate The Association Between Time Spent Visiting Green Space And Mental Health?, Magdalena M. Van Den Berg, Mireille Van Poppel, Irene Van Kamp, Annemarie Ruijsbroek, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Christopher Gidlow, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Regina Gražulevičiene, Willem Van Mechelen, Hanneke Kruize, Jolanda Maas Jan 2019

Do Physical Activity Social Cohesion, And Loneliness Mediate The Association Between Time Spent Visiting Green Space And Mental Health?, Magdalena M. Van Den Berg, Mireille Van Poppel, Irene Van Kamp, Annemarie Ruijsbroek, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Christopher Gidlow, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Regina Gražulevičiene, Willem Van Mechelen, Hanneke Kruize, Jolanda Maas

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

This cross-sectional study investigated whether physical activity, social cohesion, and loneliness mediate the association between time spent visiting green spaces and perceived mental health and vitality. Questionnaire data were collected from 3,948 residents from 124 neighborhoods across four European cities. Multilevel linear regression analysis revealed positive, but weak, associations between time spent visiting green space and Medical Outcome Study Short Form (SF-36) mental health and vitality score, which suggest small mental health benefits. Single mediation analyses showed that different indicators of physical activity (total, during leisure time, and walking during leisure time), social cohesion, and loneliness were mediators. Multiple ...


Dog Ownership, The Natural Outdoor Environment And Health: A Cross-Sectional Study, Wilma L. Zijlema, Hayley Christian, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Marta Cirach, Magdalena Van Den Berg, Jolanda Maas, Christopher J. Gidlow, Hanneke Kruize, Wanda Wendel-Vos, Sandra Andrušaitytė, Regina Grazuleviciene, Jill Litt, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen Jan 2019

Dog Ownership, The Natural Outdoor Environment And Health: A Cross-Sectional Study, Wilma L. Zijlema, Hayley Christian, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Marta Cirach, Magdalena Van Den Berg, Jolanda Maas, Christopher J. Gidlow, Hanneke Kruize, Wanda Wendel-Vos, Sandra Andrušaitytė, Regina Grazuleviciene, Jill Litt, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Objectives: Dog owners walking their dog in natural outdoor environments (NOE) may benefit from the physical activity facilitated by dog walking and from time spent in nature. However, it is unclear whether dog owners receive additional health benefits associated with having access to NOE above the physical activity benefit of walking with their dog. We investigated associations between dog ownership, walking, time spent in NOE and health and whether these associations differed among those with good and poor access to NOE and those living in green and less green areas. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: The Positive Health Effects of the ...


Objectively-Measured Neighbourhood Attributes As Correlates And Moderators Of Quality Of Life In Older Adults With Different Living Arrangements: The Alecs Cross-Sectional Study, Casper J. P. Zhang, Anthony Barnett, Janice M. Johnston, Poh-Chin Lai, Ruby S. Y. Lee, Cindy H. P. Sit, Ester Cerin Jan 2019

Objectively-Measured Neighbourhood Attributes As Correlates And Moderators Of Quality Of Life In Older Adults With Different Living Arrangements: The Alecs Cross-Sectional Study, Casper J. P. Zhang, Anthony Barnett, Janice M. Johnston, Poh-Chin Lai, Ruby S. Y. Lee, Cindy H. P. Sit, Ester Cerin

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

With an ageing world population, preservation of older adults’ health and quality of life (QoL) is paramount. Due to lower levels of physical functionality, older adults are particularly susceptible to local environment influences, especially those living alone and lacking family support. Using generalised additive mixed models, we examined associations and confounder-adjusted associations between objectively-measured neighbourhood attributes and QoL domains in 909 Hong Kong Chinese elderly community dwellers. Most examined neighbourhood attributes were not associated with QoL in the whole sample. Neighbourhood residential and entertainment density was curvilinearly and/or linearly related to specific QoL domains. Number of parks was negatively ...


Effects Of A Short Residential Thermal Spa Program To Prevent Work-Related Stress/Burnout On Stress Biomarkers: The Thermstress Proof Of Concept Study, Frederic Dutheil, Elodie Chaplais, Audrey Vilmant, Denise Lanoir, Daniel Courteix, Pascale Duche, Armand Abergel, Daniela M. Pfabigan, Shihui Han, Laurie Mondillon, Guillaume Vallet, Martial Mermillod, Gil Boudet, Phillippe Obert, Omar Izem, Yves Boirie, Bruno Pereira, Francois-Xavier Lesage Jan 2019

Effects Of A Short Residential Thermal Spa Program To Prevent Work-Related Stress/Burnout On Stress Biomarkers: The Thermstress Proof Of Concept Study, Frederic Dutheil, Elodie Chaplais, Audrey Vilmant, Denise Lanoir, Daniel Courteix, Pascale Duche, Armand Abergel, Daniela M. Pfabigan, Shihui Han, Laurie Mondillon, Guillaume Vallet, Martial Mermillod, Gil Boudet, Phillippe Obert, Omar Izem, Yves Boirie, Bruno Pereira, Francois-Xavier Lesage

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Objective Work-related stress is a public health issue. Stress has multiple physical and psychological consequences, the most serious of which are increased mortality and cardiovascular morbidity. The ThermStress protocol was designed to offer a short residential thermal spa program for work-related stress prevention that is compatible with a professional context. Methods Participants will be 56 male and female workers aged 18 years or above. All participants will undergo a 6-day residential spa program comprising psychological intervention, physical activity, thermal spa treatment, health education, eating disorder therapy and a follow-up. On six occasions, participants’ heart rate variability, cardiac remodelling and function ...


Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction: Comparison Of Patient Characteristics And Clinical Outcomes Within Asia And Between Asia, Europe And The Americas, Pooja Dewan, Pardeep S. Jhund, Li Shen, Mark C. Petrie, William T. Abraham, M. Atif Ali, Chen-Huan Chen, Akshay S. Desai, Kenneth Dickstein, Jun Huang, Songsak Kiatchoosakun, Kee-Sik Kim, Lars Køber, Wen-Ter Lai, Yuhua Liao, Ulrik M. Mogensen, Byung-Hee Oh, Milton Packer, Jean L. Rouleau, Victor C. Shi, Antonio S. Sibulo, Scott D. Solomon, Piyamitr Sritara, Karl Swedberg, Hiroyuki Tsutsui, Michael R. Zile, John J. V. Mcmurray Jan 2019

Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction: Comparison Of Patient Characteristics And Clinical Outcomes Within Asia And Between Asia, Europe And The Americas, Pooja Dewan, Pardeep S. Jhund, Li Shen, Mark C. Petrie, William T. Abraham, M. Atif Ali, Chen-Huan Chen, Akshay S. Desai, Kenneth Dickstein, Jun Huang, Songsak Kiatchoosakun, Kee-Sik Kim, Lars Køber, Wen-Ter Lai, Yuhua Liao, Ulrik M. Mogensen, Byung-Hee Oh, Milton Packer, Jean L. Rouleau, Victor C. Shi, Antonio S. Sibulo, Scott D. Solomon, Piyamitr Sritara, Karl Swedberg, Hiroyuki Tsutsui, Michael R. Zile, John J. V. Mcmurray

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Aims Nearly 60% of the world's population lives in Asia but little is known about the characteristics and outcomes of Asian patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) compared to other areas of the world. Methods and results We pooled two, large, global trials, with similar design, in 13 174 patients with HFrEF (patient distribution: China 833, India 1390, Japan 209, Korea 223, Philippines 223, Taiwan 199 and Thailand 95, Western Europe 3521, Eastern Europe 4758, North America 613, and Latin America 1110). Asian patients were younger (55.0–63.9 years) than in Western Europe (67 ...


Income Inequality And Outcomes In Heart Failure, Pooja Dewan, Rasmus Rørth, Pardeep S. Jhund, Joao Pedro Ferreira, Faiez Zannad, Li Shen, Lars Køber, William T. Abraham, Akshay S. Desai, Kenneth Dickstein, Milton Packer, Jean L. Rouleau, Scott D. Solomon, Karl Swedberg, Michael R. Zile, John J. V. Mcmurray Jan 2019

Income Inequality And Outcomes In Heart Failure, Pooja Dewan, Rasmus Rørth, Pardeep S. Jhund, Joao Pedro Ferreira, Faiez Zannad, Li Shen, Lars Køber, William T. Abraham, Akshay S. Desai, Kenneth Dickstein, Milton Packer, Jean L. Rouleau, Scott D. Solomon, Karl Swedberg, Michael R. Zile, John J. V. Mcmurray

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Objectives This study examined the relationship between income inequality and heart failure outcomes. Background The income inequality hypothesis postulates that population health is influenced by income distribution within a society, with greater inequality associated with worse outcomes. Methods This study analyzed heart failure outcomes in 2 large trials conducted in 54 countries. Countries were divided by tertiles of Gini coefficients (where 0% represented absolute income equality and 100% represented absolute income inequality), and heart failure outcomes were adjusted for standard prognostic variables, country per capita income, education index, hospital bed density, and health worker density. Results Of the 15,126 ...


Integrating Symptoms Into The Middle-Range Theory Of Self-Care Of Chronic Illness, Barbara Riegel, Tiny Jaarsma, Christopher S. Lee, Anna Strömberg Jan 2019

Integrating Symptoms Into The Middle-Range Theory Of Self-Care Of Chronic Illness, Barbara Riegel, Tiny Jaarsma, Christopher S. Lee, Anna Strömberg

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

The Middle-Range Theory of Self-Care of Chronic Illness has been used widely since it was first published in 2012. With the goal of theoretical refinement in mind, we evaluated the theory to identify areas where the theory lacked clarity and could be improved. The concept of self-care monitoring was determined to be underdeveloped. We do not yet know how the process of symptom monitoring influences the symptom appraisal process. Also, the manner in which self-care monitoring and self-care management are associated was thought to need refinement. As both of these issues relate to symptoms, we decided to enrich the Middle-Range ...


Long-Term Impacts Of Prenatal And Infant Exposure To Fine Particulate Matter On Wheezing And Asthma, Jingyi Shao, Amanda J. Wheeler, Graeme R. Zosky, Fay H. Johnston Jan 2019

Long-Term Impacts Of Prenatal And Infant Exposure To Fine Particulate Matter On Wheezing And Asthma, Jingyi Shao, Amanda J. Wheeler, Graeme R. Zosky, Fay H. Johnston

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: This systematic review aimed to summarize epidemiologic evidence regarding long-term effects of prenatal and infant particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 [micro]m (PM2.5) exposure on wheezing and asthma. Methods: Epidemiologic data investigating the associations between ambient PM2.5 exposures during prenatal or the first 2 years of life and wheezing or asthma throughout life were extracted from five databases. All included studies were assessed according to the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme checklists. We performed meta-analyses if >=2 studies estimated the effects of continuous PM2.5. Results: Nine of 18 eligible studies were suitable ...


Physical Activity Is Associated With Attenuated Disease Progression In Chronic Obstructive Disease [Accepted Manuscript], Heleen Demeyer, David Donaire-Gonzalez, Elena Gimeno-Santos, Maria A. Ramon, Jordie De Battle, Marta Benet, Ignasi Serra, Stefano Guerra, Eva Farrero, Esther Rodriguez, Jaume Ferrer, Jaume Sauleda, Eduard Monso, Joaquim Gea, Robert Rodriguez-Roisin, Alvar Agusti, Josep M. Antó, Judith Garcia-Aymerich Jan 2019

Physical Activity Is Associated With Attenuated Disease Progression In Chronic Obstructive Disease [Accepted Manuscript], Heleen Demeyer, David Donaire-Gonzalez, Elena Gimeno-Santos, Maria A. Ramon, Jordie De Battle, Marta Benet, Ignasi Serra, Stefano Guerra, Eva Farrero, Esther Rodriguez, Jaume Ferrer, Jaume Sauleda, Eduard Monso, Joaquim Gea, Robert Rodriguez-Roisin, Alvar Agusti, Josep M. Antó, Judith Garcia-Aymerich

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) progression is variable and affects several disease domains, including decline in lung function, exercise capacity, muscle strength, and health status as well as changes in body composition. We aimed to assess the longitudinal association of physical activity (PA) with these a priori selected components of disease progression. Methods: We studied 114 COPD patients from the PAC-COPD cohort (94% male, mean [SD], 70 yr [8 yr] of age, 54 [16] forced expiratory volume in 1 s % predicted) at baseline and 2.6 yr (0.6 yr) later. Baseline PA was assessed by accelerometry. Multivariable general ...


Predictors Of Healthier And More Sustainable School Travel Mode Profiles Among Hong Kong Adolescents, Anthony Barnett, Muhammad Akram, Cindy Hui-Ping Sit, Robin Mellecker, Alison Carver, Ester Cerin Jan 2019

Predictors Of Healthier And More Sustainable School Travel Mode Profiles Among Hong Kong Adolescents, Anthony Barnett, Muhammad Akram, Cindy Hui-Ping Sit, Robin Mellecker, Alison Carver, Ester Cerin

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background Adolescent travel mode choices to/from school vary in their physical activity (PA) component and environmental sustainability. Research has typically focussed on correlates of active travel, the most healthy and sustainable mode, in comparison to other modes combined. Under the premise that a small shift from less to more healthy/sustainable modes may be a more feasible than a shift to ‘pure’ active travel (e.g., walking), we examined potential correlates of the odds of undertaking more vs. less healthy/sustainable modes. Methods Hong Kong adolescents attending secondary school and a parent/caregiver (n = 1299 dyads) participated in this ...


The Longitudinal Association Between Natural Outdoor Environments And Mortality In 9218 Older Men From Perth, Western Australia, Wilma L. Zijlema, Ania Stasinska, David Blake, Mila Dirgawati, Leon Flicker, Bu B. Yeap, Jonathan Golledge, Graeme J. Hankey, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Jane S. Heyworth Jan 2019

The Longitudinal Association Between Natural Outdoor Environments And Mortality In 9218 Older Men From Perth, Western Australia, Wilma L. Zijlema, Ania Stasinska, David Blake, Mila Dirgawati, Leon Flicker, Bu B. Yeap, Jonathan Golledge, Graeme J. Hankey, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Jane S. Heyworth

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background/Aim Natural outdoor environments may mitigate harmful environmental factors associated with city living. We studied the longitudinal relationship between natural (‘green and blue’) outdoor environments and mortality in a cohort of older men residing in Perth, Western Australia. Methods We studied a cohort of 9218 men aged 65 years and older from the Health In Men Study. Participants were recruited in 1996–99 and followed until 2014, during which 5889 deaths were observed. Time-varying residential surrounding greenness based on the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index, and the number and size of parks, natural space and waterbodies were defined to characterize ...


Traffic-Related Air Pollution And The Local Burden Of Childhood Asthma In Bradford, Uk, Haneen Khreis, Tara Ramani, Kees De Hoogh, Natalie Mueller, David Rojas-Rueda, Joe Zietsman, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen Jan 2019

Traffic-Related Air Pollution And The Local Burden Of Childhood Asthma In Bradford, Uk, Haneen Khreis, Tara Ramani, Kees De Hoogh, Natalie Mueller, David Rojas-Rueda, Joe Zietsman, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Asthma is a burdensome disease which is often cited as the most common chronic disease in childhood. Traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) may be an important exposure in the development of childhood asthma. However, the burden of childhood asthma attributable to TRAP is poorly documented. Using a land-use regression (LUR) model, we estimated the childhood (birth-18 years old) population exposure to the following three air pollutants in Bradford, UK: Particulate Matter equal or less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter (PM2.5), Particulate Matter equal or less than 10 micrometers in diameter (PM10) and Black Carbon (BC). We assigned exposures at ...


Associations Of Neighborhood Walkability With Sedentary Time In Nigerian Older Adults, Adewale L. Oyeyemi, Sanda M. Kolo, Adamu A. Rufai, Adetoyeje Y. Oyeyemi, Babatunji A. Omotara, James F. Sallis Jan 2019

Associations Of Neighborhood Walkability With Sedentary Time In Nigerian Older Adults, Adewale L. Oyeyemi, Sanda M. Kolo, Adamu A. Rufai, Adetoyeje Y. Oyeyemi, Babatunji A. Omotara, James F. Sallis

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Previous studies have investigated the potential role of neighborhood walkability in reducing sedentary behavior. However, the majority of this research has been conducted in adults and Western developed countries. The purpose of the present study was to examine associations of neighborhood environmental attributes with sedentary time among older adults in Nigeria. Data from 353 randomly-selected community-dwelling older adults (60 years and above) in Maiduguri, Nigeria were analyzed. Perceived attributes of neighborhood environments and self-reported sedentary time were assessed using Nigerian-validated and reliable measures. Outcomes were weekly minutes of total sedentary time, minutes of sitting on a typical weekday, and minutes ...


Comparison Of Older And Newer Generation Active Style Pro Accelerometers In Physical Activity And Sedentary Behavior Surveillance Under A Free-Living Environment, Shohei Yano, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Levi Frehlich, Gavin R. Mccormack, Koichiro Oka Jan 2019

Comparison Of Older And Newer Generation Active Style Pro Accelerometers In Physical Activity And Sedentary Behavior Surveillance Under A Free-Living Environment, Shohei Yano, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Levi Frehlich, Gavin R. Mccormack, Koichiro Oka

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background. Comparability of accelerometers in epidemiological studies is important for public health researchers. This study aimed to compare physical activity (light, LPA; moderate, MPA; and moderate-to-vigorous, MVPA) and sedentary behavior (SB) data collected using two Omron triaxial accelerometer generations (Active style Pro, ASP) among a sample of Japanese workers in a free-living environment. Methods. Thirty active and sedentary workers (24–62 years) wore two types of ASP accelerometers, the HJA-350IT (350IT) and the HJA-750C (750C), simultaneously for seven consecutive days to represent a typical week. The accelerometers estimated daily average step counts and time spent per day in LPA, MPA ...


Diagnostic Tests, Drug Prescriptions, And Follow-Up Patterns After Incident Heart Failure: A Cohort Study Of 93,000 Uk Patients, Nathalie Conrad, Andrew Judge, Dexter Canoy, Jenny Tran, Johanna O'Donnell, Milad Nazarzadeh, Gholamreza Salimi-Khorshidi, Richard Hobbs, John G. Cleland, John J. V. Mcmurray, Kazem Rahimi Jan 2019

Diagnostic Tests, Drug Prescriptions, And Follow-Up Patterns After Incident Heart Failure: A Cohort Study Of 93,000 Uk Patients, Nathalie Conrad, Andrew Judge, Dexter Canoy, Jenny Tran, Johanna O'Donnell, Milad Nazarzadeh, Gholamreza Salimi-Khorshidi, Richard Hobbs, John G. Cleland, John J. V. Mcmurray, Kazem Rahimi

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background Effective management of heart failure is complex, and ensuring evidence-based practice presents a major challenge to health services worldwide. Over the past decade, the United Kingdom introduced a series of national initiatives to improve evidence-based heart failure management, including a landmark pay-for-performance scheme in primary care and a national audit in secondary care started in 2004 and 2007, respectively. Quality improvement efforts have been evaluated within individual clinical settings, but patterns of care across its continuum, although a critical component of chronic disease management, have not been studied. We have designed this study to investigate patients’ trajectories of care ...


Differential Patterns Of Disease And Injury In Mozambique: New Perspectives From A Pragmatic, Multicenter, Surveillance Study Of 7809 Emergency Presentations, Ana O. Mocumbi, Bonifácio Cebola, Artur Muloliwa, Federico Sebastião, Samuel J. Sitefane, Naisa Manafe, Igor Dobe, Norberto Lumbandali, Kimberley Keates, Nerolie Stickland, Yih-Kai Chan, Simon Stewart Jan 2019

Differential Patterns Of Disease And Injury In Mozambique: New Perspectives From A Pragmatic, Multicenter, Surveillance Study Of 7809 Emergency Presentations, Ana O. Mocumbi, Bonifácio Cebola, Artur Muloliwa, Federico Sebastião, Samuel J. Sitefane, Naisa Manafe, Igor Dobe, Norberto Lumbandali, Kimberley Keates, Nerolie Stickland, Yih-Kai Chan, Simon Stewart

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background There is a paucity of primary data to understand the overall pattern of disease and injuries as well as related health-service utilization in resource-poor countries in Africa. Objective To generate reliable and robust data describing the pattern of emergency presentations attributable to communicable disease (CD), non-communicable disease (NCD) and injuries in three different regions of Mozambique. Methods We undertook a pragmatic, prospective, multicentre surveillance study of individuals (all ages) presenting to the emergency departments of three hospitals in Southern (Maputo), Central (Beira) and Northern (Nampula) Mozambique. During 24-hour surveillance in the seasonally distinct months of April and October 2016 ...


Environmental Burden Of Childhood Disease In Europe, David Rojas-Rueda, Martine Vrijheid, Oliver Robinson, Aasvang Gunn Marit, Regina Gražulevičienė, Remy Slama, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen Jan 2019

Environmental Burden Of Childhood Disease In Europe, David Rojas-Rueda, Martine Vrijheid, Oliver Robinson, Aasvang Gunn Marit, Regina Gražulevičienė, Remy Slama, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Environmental factors determine children’s health. Quantifying the health impacts related to environmental hazards for children is essential to prioritize interventions to improve health in Europe. Objective: This study aimed to assess the burden of childhood disease due to environmental risks across the European Union. Methods: We conducted an environmental burden of childhood disease assessment in the 28 countries of the EU (EU28) for seven environmental risk factors (particulate matter less than 10 micrometer of diameter (PM10) and less than 2.5 micrometer of diameter (PM2.5), ozone, secondhand smoke, dampness, lead, and formaldehyde). The primary outcome was disability-adjusted ...


Environmental, Health, Wellbeing, Social And Equity Effects Of Urban Green Space Interventions: A Meta-Narrative Evidence Synthesis, Ruth F. Hunter, C. Cleland, A. Cleary, Mariël Droomers, Benedict W. Wheeler, D. Sinnett, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, M. Braubach Jan 2019

Environmental, Health, Wellbeing, Social And Equity Effects Of Urban Green Space Interventions: A Meta-Narrative Evidence Synthesis, Ruth F. Hunter, C. Cleland, A. Cleary, Mariël Droomers, Benedict W. Wheeler, D. Sinnett, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, M. Braubach

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background As populations become increasingly urbanised, the preservation of urban green space (UGS) becomes paramount. UGS is not just dedicated recreational space such as public parks, but other types of informal green space are important, for example, street trees and roof gardens. Despite the potential from cross-sectional evidence, we know little about how to design new, or improve or promote existing UGS for health, wellbeing, social and environmental benefits, or known influencing factors such as physical activity. Objectives To perform a meta-narrative review of the evidence regarding the health, wellbeing, social, environmental and equity effects, or known influencing factors of ...


Expoapp: An Integrated System To Assess Multiple Personal Environmental Exposures, David Donaire-Gonzalez, Antònia Valentín, Erik Van Nunen, Ariadna Curto, Albert Rodriguez, Mario Fernandez-Nieto, Alessio Naccarati, Sonia Tarallo, Ming-Yi Tsai, Nicole M. Probst-Hensch, Roel Vermeulen, Gerard Hoek, Paolo Vineis, John Gulliver, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen Jan 2019

Expoapp: An Integrated System To Assess Multiple Personal Environmental Exposures, David Donaire-Gonzalez, Antònia Valentín, Erik Van Nunen, Ariadna Curto, Albert Rodriguez, Mario Fernandez-Nieto, Alessio Naccarati, Sonia Tarallo, Ming-Yi Tsai, Nicole M. Probst-Hensch, Roel Vermeulen, Gerard Hoek, Paolo Vineis, John Gulliver, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

To assess environmental exposures at the individual level, new assessment methods and tools are required. We developed an exposure assessment system (ExpoApp) for smartphones. ExpoApp integrates: (i) geo-location and accelerometry measurements from a waist attached smartphone, (ii) data from portable monitors, (iii) geographic information systems, and (iv) individual's information. ExpoApp calculates time spent in microenvironments, physical activity level, inhalation rate, and environmental exposures and doses (e.g., green spaces, inhaled ultrafine particles- UFP). We deployed ExpoApp in a panel study of 158 adults from five cities (Amsterdam and Utrecht- the Netherlands, Basel- Switzerland, Norwich- UK, and Torino- Italy) with ...


Health Benefits Of Physical Activity Related To An Urban Riverside Regeneration, Cristina Vert, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Mireia Gascon, James Grellier, Lora E. Fleming, Mathew P. White, David Rojas-Rueda Jan 2019

Health Benefits Of Physical Activity Related To An Urban Riverside Regeneration, Cristina Vert, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Mireia Gascon, James Grellier, Lora E. Fleming, Mathew P. White, David Rojas-Rueda

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

The promotion of physical activity through better urban design is one pathway by which health and well-being improvements can be achieved. This study aimed to quantify health and health-related economic impacts associated with physical activity in an urban riverside park regeneration project in Barcelona, Spain. We used data from Barcelona local authorities and meta-analysis assessing physical activity and health outcomes to develop and apply the “Blue Active Tool”. We estimated park user health impacts in terms of all-cause mortality, morbidity (ischemic heart disease; ischemic stroke; type 2 diabetes; cancers of the colon and breast; and dementia), disability-adjusted life years (DALYs ...


Health Care Professionals’ Perceptions Of Home Telemonitoring In Heart Failure Care: Cross-Sectional Survey, Ina Thon Aamodt, Edita Lycholip, Jelena Celutkiene, Anna Strömberg, Dan Atar, Ragnhild Sørum Falk, Thomas G. Von Lueder, Ragnhild Hellesø, Tiny Jaarsma, Irene Lie Jan 2019

Health Care Professionals’ Perceptions Of Home Telemonitoring In Heart Failure Care: Cross-Sectional Survey, Ina Thon Aamodt, Edita Lycholip, Jelena Celutkiene, Anna Strömberg, Dan Atar, Ragnhild Sørum Falk, Thomas G. Von Lueder, Ragnhild Hellesø, Tiny Jaarsma, Irene Lie

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Noninvasive telemonitoring (TM) can be used in heart failure (HF) patients to perform early detection of decompensation at home, prevent unnecessary health care utilization, and decrease health care costs. However, the evidence is not sufficient to be part of HF guidelines for follow-up care, and we have no knowledge of how TM is used in the Nordic Baltic region. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe health care professionals’ (HCPs) perception of and presumed experience with noninvasive TM in daily HF patient care, perspectives of the relevance of and reasons for applying noninvasive TM, and barriers to ...


Higher Body Mass Index In Adolescence Predicts Cardiomyopathy Risk In Midlife: Long-Term Follow-Up Among Swedish Men, Josefina Robertson, Maria Schaufelberger, Martin Lindgren, Martin Adiels, Linus Schiöler, Kjell Torén, John J. V. Mcmurray, Naveed Sattar, Maria Åberg, Annika Rosengren Jan 2019

Higher Body Mass Index In Adolescence Predicts Cardiomyopathy Risk In Midlife: Long-Term Follow-Up Among Swedish Men, Josefina Robertson, Maria Schaufelberger, Martin Lindgren, Martin Adiels, Linus Schiöler, Kjell Torén, John J. V. Mcmurray, Naveed Sattar, Maria Åberg, Annika Rosengren

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Modifiable lifestyle factors in relation to risk for cardiomyopathy, a common and increasing cause of heart failure in the young, have not been widely studied. We sought to investigate a potential link between obesity, a recognized predictor of early heart failure, in adolescence and being diagnosed with cardiomyopathy in adulthood. Methods: This was a nationwide register-based prospective cohort study of 1 668 893 adolescent men (mean age, 18.3 years; SD, 0.7 years) who enlisted for compulsory military service from 1969 to 2005. At baseline, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, and medical disorders were registered, along with ...


How Well Do Seniors Estimate Distance To Food? The Accuracy Of Older Adults' Reported Proximity To Local Grocery Stores, Benjamin W. Chrisinger, Abby C. King, Jenna Hua, Brian E. Saelens, Lawrence D. Frank, Terry L. Conway, Kelli L. Cain, James F. Sallis Jan 2019

How Well Do Seniors Estimate Distance To Food? The Accuracy Of Older Adults' Reported Proximity To Local Grocery Stores, Benjamin W. Chrisinger, Abby C. King, Jenna Hua, Brian E. Saelens, Lawrence D. Frank, Terry L. Conway, Kelli L. Cain, James F. Sallis

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

(1) Background: Findings from observational studies of relations between neighborhood environments and health outcomes underscore the importance of both objective and perceived experiences of those environments. A clearer understanding of the factors associated with discrepancies between these two assessment approaches is needed to tailor public health interventions to specific populations. This study examined how individual and neighborhood characteristics affect perceptions of supermarket distance, particularly when perceptions do not match objective measures. (2) Methods: Participants were older adults (n = 880) participating in the Senior Neighborhood Quality of Life Study in the Seattle/King County, WA or Baltimore/Washington, DC regions. Two ...