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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Private Insurance Reimbursements For Newborn Hearing Screening In The United States, 2013-2014, Thuy Quynh Do, Winnie Chung, Scott Grosse May 2020

Private Insurance Reimbursements For Newborn Hearing Screening In The United States, 2013-2014, Thuy Quynh Do, Winnie Chung, Scott Grosse

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

The purpose of this study was to describe private insurance reimbursements for newborn hearing screening (NBHS) in the United States. Data from the MarketScan® Commercial Databases were used to estimate reimbursement for privately insured infants born between January 1, 2013–December 31, 2014. Estimates were based on billed claims for hearing-related services during infancy (71,820 infants with inpatient NBHS, 1,104 with outpatient NBHS). Median reimbursement for NBHS performed in a hospital setting was $148.00 (range $113.51–$196.02) when billed as an inpatient service and $136.48 (range $86.08–$220.15) when billed as an ...


Black Women Survive Breast Cancer With Community-Based Care, Shelley I. White-Means, Jill Dapremont, Barbara D. Davis, Tronlyn Thompson May 2020

Black Women Survive Breast Cancer With Community-Based Care, Shelley I. White-Means, Jill Dapremont, Barbara D. Davis, Tronlyn Thompson

Faculty Presentations

PURPOSE Community-based breast cancer support agencies who address non-medical, social determinants of health needs that serve as barriers to maximizing breast health outcomes may play a vital role in mitigating breast cancer mortality. They share a common emphasis on addressing social, economic, and psychological needs of breast cancer survivors and those at risk of breast cancer. This paper is third in a series of papers exploring why the rate of breast cancer mortality is two times higher for African American women than white women in Memphis. We sought insights from community-based breast cancer support agencies because they have a close-up ...


Understanding Elements Involved In Active Racial And Ethnic Minority Recruitment Practices For Biopharmaceutical-Sponsored Clinical Trials: A Socio-Ecological Qualitative Inquiry, Rebecca Rae Johnson May 2020

Understanding Elements Involved In Active Racial And Ethnic Minority Recruitment Practices For Biopharmaceutical-Sponsored Clinical Trials: A Socio-Ecological Qualitative Inquiry, Rebecca Rae Johnson

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Inequitable participation in clinical trials continues to be a problem, and trial populations do not always reflect the demographics of the population that the investigational product will ultimately be treating. Because genetic differences between racial and ethnic groups affect the safety and efficacy of new treatments, it is important that standard of care decisions are made based on a representative population. The purpose of this study is to understand the socio-ecological elements that are involved in the active implementation of racial and ethnic minority recruitment practices for biopharmaceutical-funded trials in the United States. This general qualitative study was both descriptive ...


The Need For Leadership During Public Health Crises, Tanisha Adams May 2020

The Need For Leadership During Public Health Crises, Tanisha Adams

2020 Symposium Posters

This research is intended to educate the public health industry on the need for better crisis leadership preparations. The National Incident Management System (NIMS) is a national training program mandated by the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006. The program focuses primarily on Preparedness, Communications and Information Management, Resource Management, and Command and Management. NIMS is formatted in a way that the information can be used across a wide array of organization types. The Incident Command System (ICS) of NIMS has a "military-style, command-and-control model traditionally seen in emergency services and not in public health” (Kohn, Barnett, Galastri, Semon ...


Rural-Urban Residence And Mortality Among Three Cohorts Of U.S. Adults, Erika C. Ziller Phd, Jennifer D. Lenardson Mhs, Katherine Ahrens Mph, Phd May 2020

Rural-Urban Residence And Mortality Among Three Cohorts Of U.S. Adults, Erika C. Ziller Phd, Jennifer D. Lenardson Mhs, Katherine Ahrens Mph, Phd

Population Health

Though U.S. life expectancy has increased over the past 50 years, this benefit has not been geographically uniform and certain rural persons and communities face a mortality gap. Rural residents experience a shorter life expectancy than urban residents, with higher mortality rates from specific causes such as chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, coronary heart disease, and lung cancer. Overall, there are higher mortality rates among rural residents for all five leading causes of death – heart disease, stroke, cancer, unintentional injury, and chronic lower respiratory disease – as compared to urban residents.

We sought to close gaps in our understanding of the ...


The Evolving Management Of Aortic Valve Disease: Trends In The Utilization And Cost Of Savr, Tavr, And Medical Therapy, Andrew Goldsweig May 2020

The Evolving Management Of Aortic Valve Disease: Trends In The Utilization And Cost Of Savr, Tavr, And Medical Therapy, Andrew Goldsweig

Theses & Dissertations

Aortic stenosis (AS) and regurgitation (AR) may be treated with surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR), transcatheter AVR (TAVR), or medical therapy (MT). Data are lacking regarding usage and cost of SAVR, TAVR, and MT for patients hospitalized with aortic valve disease. From the Nationwide Readmissions Database, we determined utilization and cost trends for SAVR, TAVR, and MT in patients with aortic valve disease admitted 2012-2016 for valve replacement, heart failure, unstable angina, non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction, or syncope. From 2012 through 2016, there was a 48.1% increase in the number of patients hospitalized for aortic valve disease annually. Overall, 19 ...


2020 County Health Rankings Tennessee Data And Updated Substance Abuse 2005-2019, Kelsey L. Grabeel, Jenny Moore May 2020

2020 County Health Rankings Tennessee Data And Updated Substance Abuse 2005-2019, Kelsey L. Grabeel, Jenny Moore

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Surgical Care Perspectives: Exploring Barriers And Facilitators To Surgery In Rural Nebraska, Sarah Stanislav May 2020

Surgical Care Perspectives: Exploring Barriers And Facilitators To Surgery In Rural Nebraska, Sarah Stanislav

Capstone Experience

Background: Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is associated with less pain, faster recovery, and lower complication rates. Despite being the standard of care, it remains underutilized in rural Nebraska. Surgeon shortages and limited studies describing patient and provider factors influencing treatment gaps contribute to unnecessary complications and healthcare expenditure. Our study aimed to understand rural surgical care barriers and facilitators encountered by patients, providers, and stakeholders in Nebraska. Methods: This exploratory mixed methods study involved 17 semi-structured interviews using a snowball sampling of eligible participants affiliated with an MIS Advisory Committee. Two coders analyzed data using NVivo12. A follow-up review of ...


A Statewide Needs Assessment Of Perspectives On Training And Certification Of Community Health Workers In Nebraska, Jessica Ern May 2020

A Statewide Needs Assessment Of Perspectives On Training And Certification Of Community Health Workers In Nebraska, Jessica Ern

Capstone Experience

INTRODUCTION: Community Health Workers (CHWs) are a crucial growing component of the health care field in the U.S. According to the US Bureau of Statistics (2018), the CHW workforce is expected to grow 38% in the next ten years. While research has repeatedly shown the success of CHW-led programs and the financial benefits of CHWs, little work has been done to evaluate the training and certification preferences of CHWs in Nebraska. This project aimed to gather and analyze qualitative and quantitative data through an exploratory sequential mixed-methods approach to provide policy recommendations regarding the future training and potential certification ...


Lyme Disease In Dogs, Danielle Aloia May 2020

Lyme Disease In Dogs, Danielle Aloia

Annual SHSP Student Research and Scholarship Day

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of The Timing Of A Hospice Referral And The Perceived Quality Of Care By The Family, Caitlin Tran May 2020

The Effect Of The Timing Of A Hospice Referral And The Perceived Quality Of Care By The Family, Caitlin Tran

Nursing | Senior Theses

Hospice care is a specialized type of palliative care for patients with a time-limiting illness. Despite its benefits, hospice remains underutilized. A key reason behind the underutilization are untimely referrals, often made during the last weeks or days of the patient’s life. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the existing barriers towards hospice that play into late referrals and its effect on patient/family satisfaction. This information will be examined to propose a pilot research study for further exploration.


Factors Associated With Urgent Care Reliance And Outpatient Health Care Use Among Children Enrolled In Medicaid., Rebecca R. Burns, Elizabeth R. Alpern, Jonathan Rodean, Therese Canares, Brian R. Lee, Matt Hall, Amanda Montalbano May 2020

Factors Associated With Urgent Care Reliance And Outpatient Health Care Use Among Children Enrolled In Medicaid., Rebecca R. Burns, Elizabeth R. Alpern, Jonathan Rodean, Therese Canares, Brian R. Lee, Matt Hall, Amanda Montalbano

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Importance: Urgent care (UC) centers are a growing option to address children's acute care needs, which may cause unanticipated changes in health care use.

Objectives: To identify factors associated with high UC reliance among children enrolled in Medicaid and examine the association between UC reliance and outpatient health care use.

Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective cohort study used deidentified data on 4 133 238 children from the Marketscan Medicaid multistate claims database to calculate UC reliance and outpatient health care use. Children were younger than 19 years, with 11 months or more of continuous Medicaid enrollment and 1 ...


Managing Stress In A Constantly-Changing Workforce, Lorri Burch-Hubbard May 2020

Managing Stress In A Constantly-Changing Workforce, Lorri Burch-Hubbard

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

When staffing reductions occur in the workplace, staff left behind may face increased stress, may not be given the support they need to manage the feelings caused by the reduction. This study was conducted to evaluate the impact of stress caused by staffing reductions has on medical technologists (MT), medical technicians (MLT) and respiratory therapists (RT), and to identify any common methods of stress management used by those staff who remain in the organization.

Literature research showed the negative impact stress can have on individuals when it is not addressed, such as decreased work performance, health issues, and even the ...


Stigmatizing Attitudes Towards People Who Smoke: A Survey Of Primary Care Physicians, Liz Scharnetzki, Leo B. Waterston, Susan E. Leeds, Jamie L. Studts, Neil Korsen, Paul K J Han Apr 2020

Stigmatizing Attitudes Towards People Who Smoke: A Survey Of Primary Care Physicians, Liz Scharnetzki, Leo B. Waterston, Susan E. Leeds, Jamie L. Studts, Neil Korsen, Paul K J Han

Costas T. Lambrew Research Retreat 2020

Background: Growing evidence suggests that stigmatization is an important barrier to the receipt and delivery of optimal heath care services. While the consequences of stigmatizing attitudes have been well-studied for some conditions (e.g., HIV, mental health disorders), less is understood about smoking stigma and, in particular, the effects of physicians’ stigmatizing attitudes towards people who smoke. Addressing this knowledge gap is an important need for efforts to prevent lung cancer and other smoking-related illnesses.


Mmc Biobank: A Resource For Translational Research., Anne C. Breggia, Sue Lapierre, Christopher Keister, Hanna Renedo, Dawn Charnetzky, Hannah Brown, Howard Feller, Susan Nester, Robert Christman, Michael Jones, Tony Sellner, Liz Hamir, Lindsay Cote, Heidi Ingersoll Apr 2020

Mmc Biobank: A Resource For Translational Research., Anne C. Breggia, Sue Lapierre, Christopher Keister, Hanna Renedo, Dawn Charnetzky, Hannah Brown, Howard Feller, Susan Nester, Robert Christman, Michael Jones, Tony Sellner, Liz Hamir, Lindsay Cote, Heidi Ingersoll

Costas T. Lambrew Research Retreat 2020

BioBank Director develops an Internal Investigator protocol which outlines collection logistics, sample processing, communications with clinical personnel for executing the study plan and transport of samples to MMCRI.


Anticoagulation In The Very Old: Does Age Matter?, F. Jaspar Abu-Jaber, Kerri Barton, Caroline Knight, Frances Leslie Lucas, Robert Stein Apr 2020

Anticoagulation In The Very Old: Does Age Matter?, F. Jaspar Abu-Jaber, Kerri Barton, Caroline Knight, Frances Leslie Lucas, Robert Stein

Costas T. Lambrew Research Retreat 2020

Background: There is a 4.5% annual risk of a thromboembolic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and a CHADS2-VASC score 2 or greater. Among these patients, anticoagulation using Warfarin or a direct oral anticoagulant has been shown to reduce the risk of events by 45%. However, there has been some provider concern about the increased risk of bleeding while on anticoagulation in patients who are older, frailer, and have multiple comorbidities. Previous studies have suggested that anticoagulation is recommended in nearly all patients with a CHADS2-VASC score at 2 or greater. Understanding factors that make patients poor candidates ...


Special Issue – July/August 2020: Sustaining A Focus On Human Experience In The Face Of Covid-19, Patient Experience Journal Apr 2020

Special Issue – July/August 2020: Sustaining A Focus On Human Experience In The Face Of Covid-19, Patient Experience Journal

Patient Experience Journal

At this critical time in our shared history, we are faced with a powerful challenge, the rapid impact of COVID-19 on our healthcare systems and community. With that acknowledgement, we are refocusing our 2020 special issue of Patient Experience Journal (PXJ) to address Sustaining a Focus on Human Experience in the Face of COVID-19. Submissions received for our initially planned special issue on patient & family experience in behavioral health will remain in review and consideration for future issues of PXJ.

There are heroic efforts taking place minute-by-minute to address the clinical and personal needs of patients, while also addressing the ...


Patient Experience Journal Awards: Celebrating Our 2019 Recipients, Patient Experience Journal Apr 2020

Patient Experience Journal Awards: Celebrating Our 2019 Recipients, Patient Experience Journal

Patient Experience Journal

In association with The Beryl Institute, Patient Experience Journal introduced the inaugural Patient Experience Journal (PXJ) Awards. The annual awards celebrate important contributions to the literature and articles of impact in research and practice. They also introduce groundbreaking authors who are working to expand evidence and insights on patient experience and the human experience in healthcare. The winners are selected from the articles published in PXJ and chosen by the Editorial Board of the journal. The award categories are shared and recipients introduced.


Development And Reliability Of A Patient Experience Inventory Tool For Hospitals, Agnes Barden, Nicole Giammarinaro, Natalie Bashkin, Larry Lutsky Apr 2020

Development And Reliability Of A Patient Experience Inventory Tool For Hospitals, Agnes Barden, Nicole Giammarinaro, Natalie Bashkin, Larry Lutsky

Patient Experience Journal

This study explores the development and reliability testing of the newly developed Patient Experience Inventory for Hospitals (PXI-H). Created as an organizational self-assessment patient experience tool, it guides healthcare leaders in evaluating attitudes and behaviors as well as structures and programs impacting patient experience within a hospital setting. The PXI-H is organized within four pillars: Leadership, Education and Development, Data and Analytics and Patient-and-Family Centeredness, which were determined to be internally consistent based on examining coefficient alphas and the item-total correlations. Principal component analysis also determined items with highest loadings aligned onto the pillars in which there were assigned, confirming ...


Deploying An Improvement Strategy Across A Rapidly Expanding Health System: A Framework For Repeatability And Cost-Effectiveness, Steve Meth Jd, Ms, Jan Gnida Cpxp, Karla Cardoza, Elizabeth Nikels Apr 2020

Deploying An Improvement Strategy Across A Rapidly Expanding Health System: A Framework For Repeatability And Cost-Effectiveness, Steve Meth Jd, Ms, Jan Gnida Cpxp, Karla Cardoza, Elizabeth Nikels

Patient Experience Journal

With nearly 40,000 employees and physicians spread across 14 states, a robust system was needed to engage front line teams at the point of care to meaningfully enhance patient and family communication practices in Prime Healthcare, an award-winning, community hospital system with 45 hospitals. Among its key elements, Prime’s system-wide road map for deploying relationship-centered communication tools involved identification of and investment in frontline champions, education that was synchronized with leader-deployed digital rounding, and online self-reflection modules that promoted true behavior change. This economical and easy-to-follow road map is shared for others seeking a high return on investment ...


Implementing Inter-Professional Patient-Family Centered Plan Of Care Meetings On An Inpatient Hospital Unit, Nicolas Hernandez, Alice Fornari, Sage Rose, Leanne Tortez Apr 2020

Implementing Inter-Professional Patient-Family Centered Plan Of Care Meetings On An Inpatient Hospital Unit, Nicolas Hernandez, Alice Fornari, Sage Rose, Leanne Tortez

Patient Experience Journal

Inpatient plan of care meetings support efforts to encourage collaborative practice and patient-family centered care and result in an effective strategy to enhance communication and patient satisfaction. Clinical team members participated in patient/family centered plan of care meetings at a community hospital in a selected inpatient unit with full time hospitalist physicians. Quantitative data were gathered pre/post implementation from the external Hospital Consumer Assessment of Health Care Providers (HCAHPS) survey. HCAHPS data were collected independently, specifically for questions related to communication between patients, family members/guardians and the medical team and also the effects of care transition. There ...


Patient Education In The Hospital-At-Home Care Context, Heli Vaartio-Rajalin, Linda Nyholm, Lisbeth Fagerström Apr 2020

Patient Education In The Hospital-At-Home Care Context, Heli Vaartio-Rajalin, Linda Nyholm, Lisbeth Fagerström

Patient Experience Journal

The objective of this study is to describe adult patients’ and their family caregivers’ experiences of patient education in the hospital-at-home care context. Methods included a cross-sectional descriptive study including three hospital-at-home units in Finland. Adult, non-palliative patients (n = 27) and their family caregivers (n = 18) were interviewed pairwise by telephone, and the data analyzed with inductive thematic content analysis. COREQ guidelines were used to plan and guide the study design. Results concluded both patients and family caregivers seemed to have quite similar knowledge expectations, which only differs slightly from findings in other in- or outpatient contexts. In the hospital-at-home ...


Is There A Correlation Between The Patient-Doctor Relationship Questionnaire And Other Patient-Reported Experience Measures?, Amanda I. Gonzalez, Joost T.P. Kortlever, Léon Rijk, David Ring, Laura E. Brown, Lee M. Reichel Apr 2020

Is There A Correlation Between The Patient-Doctor Relationship Questionnaire And Other Patient-Reported Experience Measures?, Amanda I. Gonzalez, Joost T.P. Kortlever, Léon Rijk, David Ring, Laura E. Brown, Lee M. Reichel

Patient Experience Journal

Patient reported experience measures (PREMs) can quantify the quality of the patient-clinician relationship, which is associated with adherence and improved health. However, the scales used to assess PREMs have large ceiling effects, which limits our ability to learn and improve. This study assessed the correlation of four PREMs: the patient-doctor relationship questionnaire (PDRQ), a measure of perceived empathy, a measure of satisfaction with the visit, and a measure of communication effectiveness. We also assessed ceiling effects. We prospectively enrolled 103 new and return patients in this cross-sectional study. Patients completed a demographic questionnaire, the PDRQ, Jefferson Scale of Patient Perceptions ...


The Little Things: Exploring Perceptions And Experiences Of Client And Family-Centred Care Through Photovoice, Sonia Nizzer, Stacey Ryan, Sandra M. Mckay Apr 2020

The Little Things: Exploring Perceptions And Experiences Of Client And Family-Centred Care Through Photovoice, Sonia Nizzer, Stacey Ryan, Sandra M. Mckay

Patient Experience Journal

Healthcare in Canada is undergoing a paradigm shift, moving away from a prescriptive approach to care delivery to one that prioritizes clients and their families at the center of their care. In the homecare sector, this approach is commonly referred to as client- and family-centred care (CFCC), a philosophy emphasizing the need for point-of-care providers to partner with those receiving care and their families in a way that is respectful and attuned to their individual needs and goals. This philosophy helps homecare agencies like VHA Home HealthCare deliver care to families that embraces what is most important to them. At ...


Using Shared Mental Models To Conceptualize Patients As Professionals, Decision-Makers, Collaborators, And Members Of Interprofessional Healthcare Teams, Umair Majid Apr 2020

Using Shared Mental Models To Conceptualize Patients As Professionals, Decision-Makers, Collaborators, And Members Of Interprofessional Healthcare Teams, Umair Majid

Patient Experience Journal

Patient engagement has become the buzz-phrase of 21st Century health care. Around the world, healthcare systems involve patients in a wide range of activities including drug development, research, and policy design. There are strong institutional pressures for patient engagement in healthcare activities that have been bolstered by ethical imperatives and social and organizational benefits from patient engagement. There is a trend to center efforts to cultivate engagement initiatives that are meaningful to patients and family. However, these efforts are characterized by multiple challenges, for example, tokenism and the lack of organizational support. These barriers may persist in healthcare professionals ...


Patient Feedback: Listening And Responding To Patient Voices, Simon J. Radmore, Kathy Eljiz, David Greenfield Apr 2020

Patient Feedback: Listening And Responding To Patient Voices, Simon J. Radmore, Kathy Eljiz, David Greenfield

Patient Experience Journal

The study aim was to identify key strategies to improve organisational systems and care experiences, to confront the challenges of achieving effective patient feedback throughout a large healthcare organisation. A mixed methods exploratory approach was used. Purposive and snowball sampling, semi-structured interviews with key stakeholders, and document analysis of existing feedback processes was utilised. The setting was a large metropolitan Local Health District in Sydney, Australia. Data was examined using thematic and content analysis. Participants identified no single feedback process was able to adequately gather all feedback necessary to reflect the patient experience. Patient feedback processes that are most useful ...


Measuring Patient-Centered Care For Specific Populations: A Necessity For Improvement, Sara C. Handley Md, Msce, Ingrid M. Nembhard Phd, Ms Apr 2020

Measuring Patient-Centered Care For Specific Populations: A Necessity For Improvement, Sara C. Handley Md, Msce, Ingrid M. Nembhard Phd, Ms

Patient Experience Journal

The measurement of patient-centered care (PCC) is a fundamental component of assessing and improving health care quality. There are a variety of PCC measures available which have been tailored to different health care conditions and settings. These distinct measures are valuable given the diversity of health conditions and contexts encountered in the health care system. However, the type of patient has received significantly less attention when measuring PCC despite the multitude of unique patient populations that exist. Specific patient populations raise several core challenges for PCC measurement to which researchers and practitioners need to attend: identifying what principles to measure ...


Paying It Forward: A Cancer Survivor And His Wife Share Their Reflections And Recommendations As A Patient And Caregiver, Justin Sandler Apr 2020

Paying It Forward: A Cancer Survivor And His Wife Share Their Reflections And Recommendations As A Patient And Caregiver, Justin Sandler

Patient Experience Journal

I grew up in the north suburbs of Chicago and had a relatively normal childhood but not necessarily an easy one. Shortly after graduating from Indiana University, I moved out west and have been working in the entertainment industry ever since. My life has been a beautiful and interesting adventure with twists and turns I could have never predicted.

In 2016 it seemed like everything was really coming together. I had been happily married to my wife and business partner Mary Lou Sandler since 2011, and we had been growing our photography/film production studio for as many years. I ...


The Essential Nature Of Experience In A Time Of Crisis And Beyond, Jason A. Wolf Apr 2020

The Essential Nature Of Experience In A Time Of Crisis And Beyond, Jason A. Wolf

Patient Experience Journal

As we have engaged with community members around the world, the last few weeks have provided a unique window into the face of this crisis as we have seen not only the deadliest days on record, but have also had some of the most hopeful conversations at the same time. While we are and still will face challenges in the weeks to come, we too have seen humanity elevated in profound and powerful ways. While it can be offered with little argument that things will never be the same, in moving forward, we too can assert and I believe, that ...


What Outcomes Matter To Patients After Joint Or Spine Surgery?, Robin R. Whitebird, Leif I. Solberg, Christine K. Norton, Jeanette Y. Ziegenfuss, Stephen E. Asche, Elizabeth S. Grossman Apr 2020

What Outcomes Matter To Patients After Joint Or Spine Surgery?, Robin R. Whitebird, Leif I. Solberg, Christine K. Norton, Jeanette Y. Ziegenfuss, Stephen E. Asche, Elizabeth S. Grossman

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are increasingly used in clinical care, but there have been few studies of what patients identify as the most important outcomes.

Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 65 patients undergoing hip or knee replacement, spinal discectomy/laminotomy, or a spinal fusion. Interviews focused on outcomes patients identified as important, perceived usefulness of standardized PROMs measures, and contextual situations important to their care. Data were analyzed using a directed content analysis approach.

Results: Patients identified desired outcomes that were unique and important to them. Their preferred outcomes focused in the areas of freedom from pain, getting ...