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Articles 1 - 30 of 3566

Full-Text Articles in Pharmacology, Toxicology and Environmental Health

A Mechanistic Study On The Non-Genotoxic Carcinogenicity Of The Food Contaminant Semicarbazide, Daniel P. Fitzpatrick Oct 2020

A Mechanistic Study On The Non-Genotoxic Carcinogenicity Of The Food Contaminant Semicarbazide, Daniel P. Fitzpatrick

Sure-J: Science Undergraduate Research Journal

Semicarbazide was brought to the forefront of scientific discussions by the scientific community in the early 2000’s as the substance was discovered in several food products from both synthetic and natural sources. Although semicarbazide was processed through several toxicological assays and classified as a non-genotoxic carcinogen, underwhelming amounts of toxicological data exists for the compound. The present study is one of the first in-vitro studies to examine the relationship between sub-pathophysiological concentrations of reactive oxygen species and the anomalous non-genotoxic carcinogenicity induced by semicarbazide through the upregulation of intracellular signalling pathways. A novel finding of the present study was ...


Chemical Composition Of The Volatile Fractions Of Mesembryanthemum Forskahlei Flowers And Herb, Moeen Dababneh Oct 2020

Chemical Composition Of The Volatile Fractions Of Mesembryanthemum Forskahlei Flowers And Herb, Moeen Dababneh

Al Jinan الجنان

Halophytes are succulent native plants to the northern region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. They have therapeutic properties and can be potentially useful as a new source of bioactive compounds. Our study aims to investigate the chemical composition of the volatile fraction of Herb and Flowers of Mesembryanthemum forskahlei by the application of Gas Chromatography method. Our study showed that palmetic acid (420mg/ kg) and squaline (352,32mg/kg) are the main components in the herb. Furthermore, we identified that palmitic acid is the main component of the flower. Finally, Mesembryanthemum forskahlei herb has higher content of volatile compounds ...


Effect Of Captopril On Paracetamol Induced Nephrotoxicity In Rats: Histological Study, Turki Alsheika Oct 2020

Effect Of Captopril On Paracetamol Induced Nephrotoxicity In Rats: Histological Study, Turki Alsheika

Al Jinan الجنان

Paracetamol is widely used without prescription as an over the counter (OTC) drug. Many studies reported that it causes renal toxicity unlike ACE inhibitors like Captopril that can have renal protective effects. Since many patients may take Paracetamol and Captopril concomitantly, the aim of this study is to evaluate the renal protective effect of Captopril on Paracetamol induced nephrotoxicity. The present study was conducted in two phases. Phase (1): high dose Paracetamol: Animals were divided into 4 groups of 6 rats each. Group 1 (control group), Group 2 (Paracetamol 3000 mg/kg group) and Group 3 (Captopril 20 mg/kg ...


Pharmacokinetics And Antiangiogenic Studies Of Potassium Koetjapate In Rats, Seyedeh F. Jafari, Fouad Saleih R. Al-Suede, Ashwaq H.S. Yehya, Mohamed B.K. Ahamed, Armaghan Shafaei, Muhammad Asif, Yasser M. Tabana, Amin M.S.A. Majid, Hussein M. Baharetha Oct 2020

Pharmacokinetics And Antiangiogenic Studies Of Potassium Koetjapate In Rats, Seyedeh F. Jafari, Fouad Saleih R. Al-Suede, Ashwaq H.S. Yehya, Mohamed B.K. Ahamed, Armaghan Shafaei, Muhammad Asif, Yasser M. Tabana, Amin M.S.A. Majid, Hussein M. Baharetha

ECU Publications Post 2013

© 2020 Purpose: Koetjapic acid is an active compound of a traditional medicinal plant, Sandoricum koetjape. Although koetjapic acid has a promising anticancer potential, yet it is highly insoluble in aqueous solutions. To increase aqueous solubility of koetjapic acid, we have previously reported a chemical modification of koetjapic acid to potassium koetjapate (KKA). However, pharmacokinetics of KKA has not been studied. In this study, pharmacokinetics and antiangiogenic efficacy of KKA are investigated. Methods: Pharmacokinetics of KKA was studied after intravenous and oral administration in SD rats using HPLC. Anti-angiogenic efficacy of KKA was investigated in rat aorta, human endothelial cells (EA ...


Mitigation Of Gaseous Emissions From Swine Manure With The Surficial Application Of Biochars, Zhanibek Meiirkhanuly, Jacek A. Koziel, Baitong Chen, Andrzej Białowiec, Myeongseong Lee, Jisoo Wi, Chumki Banik, Robert C. Brown, Santanu Bakshi Sep 2020

Mitigation Of Gaseous Emissions From Swine Manure With The Surficial Application Of Biochars, Zhanibek Meiirkhanuly, Jacek A. Koziel, Baitong Chen, Andrzej Białowiec, Myeongseong Lee, Jisoo Wi, Chumki Banik, Robert C. Brown, Santanu Bakshi

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Environmental impact associated with odor and gaseous emissions from animal manure is one of the challenges for communities, farmers, and regulatory agencies. Microbe-based manure additives treatments are marketed and used by farmers for mitigation of emissions. However, their performance is difficult to assess objectively. Thus, a comprehensive, practical, and low-cost treatments are still in demand. We have been advancing such treatments based on physicochemical principles. The objective of this research was to test the effect of the surficial application of a thin layer (¼"; 6.3 mm) of biochar on the mitigation of gaseous emissions from swine manure. Two types ...


Volatile Compounds Emitted From The Cat Urine Contaminated Carpet Before And After Treatment With Marketed Cleaning Products: A Simultaneous Chemical And Sensory Analysis, Chumki Banik, Jacek A. Koziel, Elizabeth A. Flickinger Sep 2020

Volatile Compounds Emitted From The Cat Urine Contaminated Carpet Before And After Treatment With Marketed Cleaning Products: A Simultaneous Chemical And Sensory Analysis, Chumki Banik, Jacek A. Koziel, Elizabeth A. Flickinger

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Urination on carpet and subflooring can develop into a persistent and challenging problem when trying to mitigate odor. Very little or no information is published on how volatile organic compounds (VOCs) change over time when urine is deposited on a carpet covering a plywood-type subflooring. This research has investigated the VOCs emitted from carpet + subflooring (control), carpet + subflooring sprayed with water (control with moisture), and cat urine-contaminated carpet + subflooring (treatment) over time (day 0 and 15). In addition, the study has recorded the effect of four popular cleaning product applications on VOCs emitted from carpet and evaluated their efficacy in ...


Rats Genetically Selected For High Aerobic Exercise Capacity Have Elevated Plasma Bilirubin By Upregulation Of Hepatic Biliverdin Reductase-A (Bvra) And Suppression Of Ugt1a1, Terry D. Hinds Jr., Justin F. Creeden, Darren M. Gordon, Adam C. Spegele, Steven L. Britton, Lauren G. Koch, David E. Stec Sep 2020

Rats Genetically Selected For High Aerobic Exercise Capacity Have Elevated Plasma Bilirubin By Upregulation Of Hepatic Biliverdin Reductase-A (Bvra) And Suppression Of Ugt1a1, Terry D. Hinds Jr., Justin F. Creeden, Darren M. Gordon, Adam C. Spegele, Steven L. Britton, Lauren G. Koch, David E. Stec

Pharmacology and Nutritional Sciences Faculty Publications

Exercise in humans and animals increases plasma bilirubin levels, but the mechanism by which this occurs is unknown. In the present study, we utilized rats genetically selected for high capacity running (HCR) and low capacity running (LCR) to determine pathways in the liver that aerobic exercise modifies to control plasma bilirubin. The HCR rats, compared to the LCR, exhibited significantly higher levels of plasma bilirubin and the hepatic enzyme that produces it, biliverdin reductase-A (BVRA). The HCR also had reduced expression of the glucuronyl hepatic enzyme UGT1A1, which lowers plasma bilirubin. Recently, bilirubin has been shown to activate the peroxisome ...


David S. Miller: Scientist, Mentor, Friend--A Tribute And Thank You, Björn Bauer, J. Larry Renfro, Karl J. Karnaky, Rosalinde Masereeuw, Gert Fricker, Ron E. Cannon, Anika M. S. Hartz Sep 2020

David S. Miller: Scientist, Mentor, Friend--A Tribute And Thank You, Björn Bauer, J. Larry Renfro, Karl J. Karnaky, Rosalinde Masereeuw, Gert Fricker, Ron E. Cannon, Anika M. S. Hartz

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

David S. Miller was Acting Scientific Director of the Division of Intramural Research at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, and Head of the Intracellular Regulation Group in the Laboratory of Toxicology and Pharmacology before he retired in 2016. David received his Ph.D. in biochemistry from the University of Maine in 1973. David was a Group Leader at the Michigan Cancer Foundation before joining the NIEHS in 1985. His research covered a wide range from renal excretory transport mechanisms to regulation of transporters at the blood-CSF and blood-brain barriers, from fish, amphibians and birds ...


Develop A High-Throughput Screening Method To Identify C-P4h1 (Collagen Prolyl 4-Hydroxylase 1) Inhibitors From Fda-Approved Chemicals, Shike Wang, Kuo-Hao Lee, Nathália Victoria Araujo, Chang-Guo Zhan, Vivek M. Rangnekar, Ren Xu Sep 2020

Develop A High-Throughput Screening Method To Identify C-P4h1 (Collagen Prolyl 4-Hydroxylase 1) Inhibitors From Fda-Approved Chemicals, Shike Wang, Kuo-Hao Lee, Nathália Victoria Araujo, Chang-Guo Zhan, Vivek M. Rangnekar, Ren Xu

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

Collagen prolyl 4-hydroxylase 1 (C-P4H1) is an α-ketoglutarate (α-KG)-dependent dioxygenase that catalyzes 4-hydroxylation of proline on collagen. C-P4H1-induced prolyl hydroxylation is required for proper collagen deposition and cancer metastasis. Therefore, targeting C-P4H1 is considered a potential therapeutic strategy for collagen-related cancer progression and metastasis. However, no C-P4H1 inhibitors are available for clinical testing, and the high content assay is currently not available for C-P4H1 inhibitor screening. In the present study, we developed a high-throughput screening assay by quantifying succinate, a byproduct of C-P4H-catalyzed hydroxylation. C-P4H1 is the major isoform of collagen prolyl 4-hydroxylases (CP4Hs) that contributes the majority prolyl ...


Effect Of Biochar Diet Supplementation On Chicken Broilers Performance, Nh3 And Odor Emissions And Meat Consumer Acceptance, Kajetan Kalus, Damian Konkol, Mariusz Korczyński, Jacek A. Koziel, Sebastian Opaliński Sep 2020

Effect Of Biochar Diet Supplementation On Chicken Broilers Performance, Nh3 And Odor Emissions And Meat Consumer Acceptance, Kajetan Kalus, Damian Konkol, Mariusz Korczyński, Jacek A. Koziel, Sebastian Opaliński

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

The aim of this research was to evaluate the effect of biochar diet supplementation for broiler chickens on (1) ammonia and odor emissions from manure, (2) feed conversion ratio and daily weight gain, and (3) selected meat quality and sensory parameters. Beechwood biochar (BC, 2 and 4%) and BC–glycerin–aluminosilicates mix (BCM, 3 and 6%) were tested as dietary additives. A total of 750 chicken broilers (Ross 308) were divided into five dietary groups with five replicates per group (n = 5, 30 birds in each replicate) and reared on a littered floor for 5 weeks. Both feed additives showed ...


Aluminum Reproductive Toxicity: A Summary And Interpretation Of Scientific Reports, Robert A. Yokel Sep 2020

Aluminum Reproductive Toxicity: A Summary And Interpretation Of Scientific Reports, Robert A. Yokel

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

Publications addressing aluminum (Al)-induced reproductive toxicity were reviewed. Key details were compiled in summary tables. Approximate systemic Al exposure, a measure of bioavailability, was calculated for each exposure, based on the Al percentage in the dosed Al species, Al bioavailability, and absorption time course reports for the exposure route. This was limited to laboratory animal studies because no controlled-exposure human studies were found. Intended Al exposure was compared to unintended dietary Al exposure. The considerable and variable Al content of laboratory animal diets creates uncertainty about reproductive function in the absence of Al. Aluminum-induced reproductive toxicity in female mice ...


Virginia Wild-Caught Blue Catfish: Nutrition And Contaminant Analysis, Robert A. Fisher Sep 2020

Virginia Wild-Caught Blue Catfish: Nutrition And Contaminant Analysis, Robert A. Fisher

Reports

The blue catfish, Ictalurus furcatus, is an introduced freshwater species in Virginia’s tributaries to the Chesapeake Bay. Since its introduction in the 1970’s, significant recreational and commercial fisheries have developed within upriver, largely freshwater environments. Blue catfish are voracious, opportunistic predators, feeding on a variety of natural prey items, including native fish and shellfish species. Their varied diets result in a more nutrient-rich fish compared to farmraised catfish (USDA Food and Nutrient Database https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app. html#/?query=catfish) on the market, which are typically fed a plant-based diet.

In recent years, blue catfish populations ...


Corrigendum To “Physicochemical Analysis And Nonisothermal Kinetic Study Of Sertralineelactose Binary Mixtures”, Farnaz Monajjemzadeh Aug 2020

Corrigendum To “Physicochemical Analysis And Nonisothermal Kinetic Study Of Sertralineelactose Binary Mixtures”, Farnaz Monajjemzadeh

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

No abstract provided.


Corrigendum To “Shenmai-Yin Decreased The Clearance Of Nifedipine In Rats: The Involvement Of Time-Dependent Inhibition Of Nifedipine Oxidation”, Yune- Fang Ueng Aug 2020

Corrigendum To “Shenmai-Yin Decreased The Clearance Of Nifedipine In Rats: The Involvement Of Time-Dependent Inhibition Of Nifedipine Oxidation”, Yune- Fang Ueng

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

No abstract provided.


Corrigendum To “The Time-Dependent Effects Of St John's Wort On Cytochrome P450, Uridine Diphosphate-Glucuronosyltransferase, Glutathione S-Transferase, And Nad(P)H-Quinone Oxidoreductase In Mice”, Yune- Fang Ueng Aug 2020

Corrigendum To “The Time-Dependent Effects Of St John's Wort On Cytochrome P450, Uridine Diphosphate-Glucuronosyltransferase, Glutathione S-Transferase, And Nad(P)H-Quinone Oxidoreductase In Mice”, Yune- Fang Ueng

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

No abstract provided.


Corrigendum To “Effects Of Aqueous Extract Of Ruta Graveolens And Its Ingredients On Cytochrome P450, Uridine Diphosphate (Udp)-Glucuronosyltransferase, And Reduced Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide (Phosphate) (Nad(P)H)-Quinone Oxidoreductase In Mice”, Yune- Fang Ueng Aug 2020

Corrigendum To “Effects Of Aqueous Extract Of Ruta Graveolens And Its Ingredients On Cytochrome P450, Uridine Diphosphate (Udp)-Glucuronosyltransferase, And Reduced Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide (Phosphate) (Nad(P)H)-Quinone Oxidoreductase In Mice”, Yune- Fang Ueng

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

No abstract provided.


Acarbose Attenuates Migration/Proliferation Via Targeting Microrna-143 In Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells Under Diabetic Conditions, Wei-Yuan Chuang, Meng-Hsun Yu, Tsung-Yuan Yang, Kuei-Chuan Chan, Chau-Jong Wang Aug 2020

Acarbose Attenuates Migration/Proliferation Via Targeting Microrna-143 In Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells Under Diabetic Conditions, Wei-Yuan Chuang, Meng-Hsun Yu, Tsung-Yuan Yang, Kuei-Chuan Chan, Chau-Jong Wang

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Acarbose (an a-glucosidase inhibitor) has been demonstrated to reduce the progression of atherosclerosis without affecting serum levels of glucose in rabbits fed a high cholesterol diet. The main focus of recent atherosclerosis studies has been microRNA targets. However, the mechanism by which acarbose targets miRNA-mediated atherosclerosis remains unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of acarbose on microRNA-related regulation of rat aortic vascular smooth cell line (A7r5 cell) migration and proliferation induced by diabetic conditions. We reported that acabose exhibit significantly inhibits proliferative and cell migration abilities in A7r5 cells. The expression of protein and levels of mRNA were ...


Effect Of 6,7-Dimethoxy-2,2-Dimethyl-2h-Chromene (Agerarin) On The Recovery Of Filaggrin Expression Through Targeting Of Janus Kinases In The Inflammatory Skin, Sung Shin Ahn, Young Han Lee, Hyunjin Yeo, Youngshim Lee, Do Sik Min, Yoongho Lim, Soon Young Shin Aug 2020

Effect Of 6,7-Dimethoxy-2,2-Dimethyl-2h-Chromene (Agerarin) On The Recovery Of Filaggrin Expression Through Targeting Of Janus Kinases In The Inflammatory Skin, Sung Shin Ahn, Young Han Lee, Hyunjin Yeo, Youngshim Lee, Do Sik Min, Yoongho Lim, Soon Young Shin

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Filaggrin (FLG) is a structural component of the stratum corneum that is essential for maintaining the barrier function of the skin and for the formation of natural moisturizing factors. 6,7-Dimethoxy-2,2-dimethyl-2H-chromene (Agerarin) is a bioactive compound derived from Ageratum houstonianum, a plant that is used as a traditional medicine to treat skin diseases. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of agerarin on skin inflammation in a dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB)-induced atopic dermatitis mouse model. We found that the topical administration of agerarin ameliorates atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions. We also showed that agerarin restores the reduced filaggrin (FLG ...


Biologically-Guided Isolation Of Natural Lead Antithyroid Drug From Medicago Sativa L. Sprouts And Its Toxic Profile In Comparison With Propylthiouracil, Reham S. Ibrahim, Nesrine S. El-Mezayen, Asmaa Khairy, Hala H. Zaatout, Hala M. Hammoda, Aly M. Metwally Aug 2020

Biologically-Guided Isolation Of Natural Lead Antithyroid Drug From Medicago Sativa L. Sprouts And Its Toxic Profile In Comparison With Propylthiouracil, Reham S. Ibrahim, Nesrine S. El-Mezayen, Asmaa Khairy, Hala H. Zaatout, Hala M. Hammoda, Aly M. Metwally

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Hyperthyroidism is a common endocrine disorder associated with increased risk of cardiovascular complications and mortality. Although antithyroid drugs (ATDs) are approved as first line option for many hyperthyroidism cases, including pregnancy and childhood, they exert significant toxic profile. Medicago sativa L. (alfalfa) also called “The father of all food” was among the diet consumed by mares that gave birth to foals with congenital hypothyroidism. Since, greenfeed was accused for the development of such condition, alfalfa may possess constituents with promising antithyroid potential that could be a valuable substitute for the conventional ATDs. The current work was designed to identify the ...


Establishment Of Indirect Competitive Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay For The Detection Of Platycodin D In Radix Platycodonis, Shuai Luo, Yanfei He, Hongxiang Sun Aug 2020

Establishment Of Indirect Competitive Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay For The Detection Of Platycodin D In Radix Platycodonis, Shuai Luo, Yanfei He, Hongxiang Sun

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Platycodin D (PD) has been used as the quality control marker of Radix Platycodonis for its high content and various pharmacological properties. In this study, a specific polyclonal antibody against PD (PD–pAb) was developed, and PD–pAb-based indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (icELISA) was established for the detection of PD in Radix Platycodonis. The 50% inhibition concentration (IC50) of PD was 2.70 μg/mL and the linearity range for PD was from 0.064 μg/mL to 100 μg/mL. No cross reactivity with PD–pAb was found in five PD analogs except for PD2 (0.93 ...


Spatiotemporal Patterns Of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-P-Dioxins And Dibenzofurans And Dioxin-Like Polychlorinated Biphenyls In Foodstuffs In Air Quality Regions In Taiwan, Ching-Chang Lee, Wei-Hsiang Chang, Hsin-Tang Lin, Jung-Wei Chang Aug 2020

Spatiotemporal Patterns Of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-P-Dioxins And Dibenzofurans And Dioxin-Like Polychlorinated Biphenyls In Foodstuffs In Air Quality Regions In Taiwan, Ching-Chang Lee, Wei-Hsiang Chang, Hsin-Tang Lin, Jung-Wei Chang

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

High-fat food intake is the main source of dioxin-like compounds for humans, such as consumption of meat, dairy and eggs, and seafood products. Fruits, vegetables, and cereals have relatively low levels of dioxin-like compounds, but because of high consumption they also contribute to the food-borne intake. It is necessary to clarify dietary dioxin exposure affected by different food contamination levels and dietary habits among different geographic areas. We aimed to evaluate chronic dietary PCDD/Fs and DL-PCBs exposure in 725 individual foods in 14 categories in 6 Taiwan air quality regions (AQRs) and a total of 2,441 foods from ...


Quantification Of Adenosine Mono-, Di- And Triphosphate From Royal Jelly Using Liquid Chromatography - Tandem Mass Spectrometry, Wan-Rou Liao, Jen-Pang Huang, Sung-Fang Chen Aug 2020

Quantification Of Adenosine Mono-, Di- And Triphosphate From Royal Jelly Using Liquid Chromatography - Tandem Mass Spectrometry, Wan-Rou Liao, Jen-Pang Huang, Sung-Fang Chen

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Nucleotides are composed of nitrogen bases, ribose units and phosphate groups. Adenine (Ade), adenosine monophosphate (AMP), adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) all play important roles in physiological metabolism. Royal jelly, a secretion produced by worker bees, contains a variety of natural ingredients and several studies have shown that royal jelly can serve as a source of nutrition for humans. In this study, a rapid and effective LC/MS method coupled with pre-processing methods was developed and validated for the accurate quantification of Ade, AMP, ADP and ATP in royal jelly. To achieve the best extraction efficiency, two pretreatment ...


Lipophilized Epigallocatechin (Egc) And Its Derivatives: Inhibition Of Oxidation Of Β-Carotene–Linoleate Oil-In-Water Emulsion And Dna Strand Scission, Priyatharini Ambigaipalan, Won Young Oh, Fereidoon Shahidi Aug 2020

Lipophilized Epigallocatechin (Egc) And Its Derivatives: Inhibition Of Oxidation Of Β-Carotene–Linoleate Oil-In-Water Emulsion And Dna Strand Scission, Priyatharini Ambigaipalan, Won Young Oh, Fereidoon Shahidi

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Tea epigallocatechin (EGC) was acylated with selected fatty acids, namely propionic acid [C3:0], caprylic acid [C8:0], lauric acid [C12:0], stearic acid [C18:0] and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; C22:6 n-3). Antioxidant activity of EGC and its lipophilized derivatives were examined in various food (β-carotene–linoleate oil-in-water emulsion and bulk oil) and biological (supercoiled DNA and LDL) systems in vitro in order to evaluate the effect of increased lipophilicity on their antioxidant capacity. Lipophilized EGC derivatives were more effective in β-carotene–linoleate oil-in-water emulsion and bulk oil than their parent EGC molecule. Meanwhile, EGC and its ...


Using Cold War-Era Satellite Imagery To Inform Historic Land Cover Classification, Nicholas Hamp-Adams Aug 2020

Using Cold War-Era Satellite Imagery To Inform Historic Land Cover Classification, Nicholas Hamp-Adams

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

No abstract provided.


Comparative Developmental Toxicity Of Perfluorooctanesulfonic Acid (Pfos) And Its Alternative Perfluorobutanesulfonic Acid (Pfbs), Hanna King Aug 2020

Comparative Developmental Toxicity Of Perfluorooctanesulfonic Acid (Pfos) And Its Alternative Perfluorobutanesulfonic Acid (Pfbs), Hanna King

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

No abstract provided.


Methylmercury Cytotoxicity On Developing Neuronal Lineages And Differences In Susceptibility Based On Media Type, Madeline Henley Aug 2020

Methylmercury Cytotoxicity On Developing Neuronal Lineages And Differences In Susceptibility Based On Media Type, Madeline Henley

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

No abstract provided.


Discoveries In Aerosol Science: Characterization Of Nanoparticles Emitted From Metallic Coils In Electronic Cigarettes, Kaushal Prasad Aug 2020

Discoveries In Aerosol Science: Characterization Of Nanoparticles Emitted From Metallic Coils In Electronic Cigarettes, Kaushal Prasad

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

Electronic (e-) cigarettes, also known as electronic nicotine delivery systems, are battery-operated devices that are growing in popularity worldwide. Although e-cigarettes are known to be safer than traditional cigarettes, their potential health risks have not been extensively reviewed yet. In this study, aerosol nanoparticles generated from e-cigarette heaters were characterized. Kanthal A1 (iron + chromium + aluminum) coils, without nicotine solution or a wick, were installed in an e-cigarette atomizer. The operating conditions were varied coil resistances (0.1–1.0 Ω), a set applied power (10 W), and a stable duty cycle (50%: 5 s on, 5 s off ). The size ...


Part 2: Odor-Cued Grab Sampling Of Transient Environmental Odor Events; Mapping The 'Rolling Unmasking Effect' Of Downwind Odor Dispersion, Donald W. Wright, Jacek A. Koziel, David B. Parker, Anna Iwasinska Aug 2020

Part 2: Odor-Cued Grab Sampling Of Transient Environmental Odor Events; Mapping The 'Rolling Unmasking Effect' Of Downwind Odor Dispersion, Donald W. Wright, Jacek A. Koziel, David B. Parker, Anna Iwasinska

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Downwind odor characteristics can be very different depending upon the size of the upwind point-source, interim topography, and wind conditions. At one extreme, the downwind odor plume from a relatively large, confined animal feeding operation (CAFO), located on a flat open plain and under stable, near-straight-line wind conditions can be rather broad, sustained and predictable relative to a fixed receptor site downwind. In contrast, the plume from a small point-source (e.g., a roof vent stack) located on irregular topography and under rapidly shifting wind conditions can be intermittent and fleeting. These transient odor events can be surprisingly intense and ...


Dihydrodinophysistoxin-1 Produced By Dinophysis Norvegica In The Gulf Of Maine, Usa And Its Accumulation In Shellfish, Jonathan R. Deeds, Whitney L. Stutts, Mary Dawn Celiz, Jill Macleod, Amy E. Hamilton, Bryant J. Lewis, David W. Miller, Kohl Kanwit, Juliette L. Smith, Et Al Aug 2020

Dihydrodinophysistoxin-1 Produced By Dinophysis Norvegica In The Gulf Of Maine, Usa And Its Accumulation In Shellfish, Jonathan R. Deeds, Whitney L. Stutts, Mary Dawn Celiz, Jill Macleod, Amy E. Hamilton, Bryant J. Lewis, David W. Miller, Kohl Kanwit, Juliette L. Smith, Et Al

VIMS Articles

Dihydrodinophysistoxin-1 (dihydro-DTX1, (M-H)m/z 819.5), described previously from a marine sponge but never identified as to its biological source or described in shellfish, was detected in multiple species of commercial shellfish collected from the central coast of the Gulf of Maine, USA in 2016 and in 2018 during blooms of the dinoflagellate Dinophysis norvegica. Toxin screening by protein phosphatase inhibition (PPIA) first detected the presence of diarrhetic shellfish poisoning-like bioactivity; however, confirmatory analysis using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) failed to detect okadaic acid (OA, (M-H)m/z 803.5), dinophysistoxin-1 (DTX1, (M-H)m/z 817.5 ...


Thiamine Deficiency Causes Long-Lasting Neurobehavioral Deficits In Mice, Hui Li, Hong Xu, Wen Wen, Liying Wu, Mei Xu, Jia Luo Aug 2020

Thiamine Deficiency Causes Long-Lasting Neurobehavioral Deficits In Mice, Hui Li, Hong Xu, Wen Wen, Liying Wu, Mei Xu, Jia Luo

Pharmacology and Nutritional Sciences Faculty Publications

Thiamine deficiency (TD) has detrimental effects on brain health and neurobehavioral development, and it is associated with many aging-related neurological disorders. To facilitate TD-related neuropsychological studies, we generated a TD mouse model by feeding a thiamine-deficient diet for 30 days, followed by re-feeding the control diet for either one week or 16 weeks as recovery treatment. We then performed neurobehavioral tests in these two cohorts: cohort of one week post TD treatment (1 wk-PTDT) and 16 weeks post TD treatment (16 wks-PTDT). The TD mice showed no significant difference from control in any tests in the 1 wk-PTDT cohort at ...