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Pathogenic Microbiology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2015

Acute nasal infection

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Full-Text Articles in Pathogenic Microbiology

Streptococcus Pyogenes Superantigens: Studies Into Host Specificity And Functional Redundancy, Adrienne T. Wakabayashi Jun 2015

Streptococcus Pyogenes Superantigens: Studies Into Host Specificity And Functional Redundancy, Adrienne T. Wakabayashi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Streptococcus pyogenes is a human-specific globally prominent bacterial pathogen that secretes extremely potent exotoxins known as superantigens. Superantigens function to overstimulate T lymphocytes, capable of inducing excessive cytokine responses, potentially leading to toxic shock syndrome. Each strain of S. pyogenes encodes multiple distinct superantigens, yet the reasons why S. pyogenes retains multiple superantigens has remained elusive. Using a murine model of acute nasopharyngeal infection, the role of each superantigen encoded by S. pyogenes MGAS5005 was evaluated using isogenic superantigen-deletion or -complemented strains, and passive immunization with superantigen-neutralizing antibodies. The superantigen SpeG, and likely SpeJ, were not required for infection. However ...