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Pathogenic Microbiology Commons

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2013

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Articles 1 - 30 of 31

Full-Text Articles in Pathogenic Microbiology

Characterization Of The Role(S) Of Env Protein Of Human Endogenous Retrovirus-K In Multiple Human Cancers, Ming Li Dec 2013

Characterization Of The Role(S) Of Env Protein Of Human Endogenous Retrovirus-K In Multiple Human Cancers, Ming Li

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Human endogenous retroviruses (HERVs) are remnants from ancient retroviral infections, and most of them are inactive in normal tissues. One family of HERV, HERV-K, is found to be associated with multiple human cancers including breast cancer, pancreatic cancer and melanoma, but the causal relationship between HERV-K and cancer is still unclear. Increased expression of HERV-K in melanoma cells correlates with malignant transformation, while a serological response to HERV-K in breast cancer or melanoma patients correlates with survival probability. However, the mechanism behind these observations remains obscure. Our laboratory reported that anti-HERV-K envelope (Env) protein antibodies show antitumor potential in targeting ...


Outer Membrane Protein P5 Is Required For Resistance Of Nontypeable Haemophilus Influenzae To Both The Classical And Alternative Complement Pathways., Charles Rosadini, Sanjay Ram, Brian Akerley Nov 2013

Outer Membrane Protein P5 Is Required For Resistance Of Nontypeable Haemophilus Influenzae To Both The Classical And Alternative Complement Pathways., Charles Rosadini, Sanjay Ram, Brian Akerley

Brian J. Akerley

No abstract provided.


Regulation Of Rab5 Gtpase Activity During Pseudomonas Aeruginosa-Macrophage Interaction, Sushmita Mustafi Oct 2013

Regulation Of Rab5 Gtpase Activity During Pseudomonas Aeruginosa-Macrophage Interaction, Sushmita Mustafi

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a Gram-negative opportunistic pathogen. Several antibiotic resistant strains of P. aeruginosa are commonly found as secondary infection in immune-compromised patients leaving significant mortality and healthcare cost. Pseudomonas aeruginosa successfully avoids the process of phagocytosis, the first line of host defense, by secreting several toxic effectors. Effectors produced from P. aeruginosa Type III secretion system are critical molecules required to disrupt mammalian cell signaling and holds particular interest to the scientists studying host-pathogen interaction. Exoenzyme S (ExoS) is a bi-functional Type III effector that ADP-ribosylates several intracellular Ras (Rat sarcoma) and Rab (Response to abscisic acid) small GTPases ...


Mycological Study For A Management Plan Of A Neotropical Show Cave (Brazil), Erika Linzi Silva Taylor, Maria Aparecida De Resende Stoianoff, Rodrigo Lopes Ferreira Oct 2013

Mycological Study For A Management Plan Of A Neotropical Show Cave (Brazil), Erika Linzi Silva Taylor, Maria Aparecida De Resende Stoianoff, Rodrigo Lopes Ferreira

International Journal of Speleology

Caves are stable environments with characteristics favoring the development of microorganisms. The allocthonous input of organic matter and microbes into the warm Neotropical caves may favor the development of filamentous fungi, including pathogenic species. Histoplasma capsulatum is a pathogenic species commonly found in caves and associated with bat and bird guano. Many Brazilian caves have been historically visited due to scenic and religious tourism. The objective of this study was to perform a microbiology study for a management plan of a show cave in Brazil, focusing on the presence and distribution of pathogenic and opportunistic fungi in the cave. Statistics ...


Food, Pathogen, Signal: The Multifaceted Nature Of A Bacterial Diet, Lesley T. Macneil, Albertha J. M. Walhout Oct 2013

Food, Pathogen, Signal: The Multifaceted Nature Of A Bacterial Diet, Lesley T. Macneil, Albertha J. M. Walhout

Program in Systems Biology Publications and Presentations

C. elegans, both in the wild and in the lab, live on a diet of live bacteria. The bacterial diet provides nutrients for C. elegans, but can also play a number of other roles in C. elegans physiology. Recently, we compared the effects of different bacterial diets on life history traits and gene expression. Here, we discuss our recent findings in the context of other dietary studies and highlight challenges in understanding dietary effects. For instance, since bacteria can be pathogenic it can be difficult to disentangle pathogenic from dietary effects. Here we summarize different bacterial diets used for C ...


Identification Of New Drug Targets And Resistance Mechanisms In Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, Thomas R. Ioerger, Theresa O'Malley, Reiling Liao, Kristine M. Guinn, Mark J. Hickey, Nilofar Mohaideen, Kenan C. Murphy, Helena I. Boshoff M, Valerie Mizrahi, Eric J. Rubin, Christopher M. Sassetti, Clifton E. Barry Iii, David R. Sherman, Tanya Parish, James C. Sacchettini Sep 2013

Identification Of New Drug Targets And Resistance Mechanisms In Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, Thomas R. Ioerger, Theresa O'Malley, Reiling Liao, Kristine M. Guinn, Mark J. Hickey, Nilofar Mohaideen, Kenan C. Murphy, Helena I. Boshoff M, Valerie Mizrahi, Eric J. Rubin, Christopher M. Sassetti, Clifton E. Barry Iii, David R. Sherman, Tanya Parish, James C. Sacchettini

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Identification of new drug targets is vital for the advancement of drug discovery against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, especially given the increase of resistance worldwide to first- and second-line drugs. Because traditional target-based screening has largely proven unsuccessful for antibiotic discovery, we have developed a scalable platform for target identification in M. tuberculosis that is based on whole-cell screening, coupled with whole-genome sequencing of resistant mutants and recombineering to confirm. The method yields targets paired with whole-cell active compounds, which can serve as novel scaffolds for drug development, molecular tools for validation, and/or as ligands for co-crystallization. It may also reveal ...


Characterization Of Staphylococcus Aureus Lipase, Vithooshan Vijayakumaran Aug 2013

Characterization Of Staphylococcus Aureus Lipase, Vithooshan Vijayakumaran

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

USA300, a strain of community-associated methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA), has become prevalent in the community. Colonization of human skin requires mechanisms that allow this bacterium to overcome the innate immune defenses on the skin, including secretion of antimicrobial lipids. Antimicrobial lipids inhibit S. aureus growth and induce the staphylococcal proteolytic cascade, producing aureolysin (Aur) which processes the lipase glycerol ester hydrolase (Geh). Nearly all S. aureus strains secrete Geh, yet little information exists concerning its function. Using purified Aur and Geh we confirm that aureolysin processes proGeh to Geh. We then confirmed that geh was required for lipase activity ...


Coccidia Of Gerbils From Mongolia, Ethan T. Jensen Aug 2013

Coccidia Of Gerbils From Mongolia, Ethan T. Jensen

Dissertations and Theses in Biological Sciences

In this study, gerbils collected in the Mongolia over the summers of 2009-2012 were examined for coccidia. In total, 171 gerbils of three species from 22 localities were examined for coccidia. Coccidian oocysts were identified from 21 gerbils, but those found in 1 of those gerbils were probably pseudoparasites of the host from which they were recovered. From the remaining 20 gerbils, 7 morphotypes of Eimeria and 1 morphotype of Isospora were identified. Four of the 7 morphotypes of Eimeria were attributed to new species which were described in this study. In addition, 10 previously described species of Eimeria were ...


Control Of Neutrophil Inflammation At Mucosal Surfaces By Secreted Epithelial Products, Rose L. Szabady, Beth A. Mccormick Jul 2013

Control Of Neutrophil Inflammation At Mucosal Surfaces By Secreted Epithelial Products, Rose L. Szabady, Beth A. Mccormick

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

The human intestine is a large and delicately balanced organ, responsible for efficiently absorbing nutrients and selectively eliminating disease-causing pathogens. The gut architecture consists of a single layer of epithelial cells that forms a barrier against the food antigens and resident microbiota within the lumen. This barrier is augmented by a thick layer of mucus on the luminal side and an underlying lamina propria containing a resident population of immune cells. Attempted breaches of the intestinal barrier by pathogenic bacteria result in the rapid induction of a coordinated innate immune response that includes release of antimicrobial peptides, activation of pattern ...


Molecular Detection Of Tick-Borne Pathogens Associated With Ixodid Tick Species Infesting Migratory Songbirds And Ruminants, Nabanita Mukherjee Jul 2013

Molecular Detection Of Tick-Borne Pathogens Associated With Ixodid Tick Species Infesting Migratory Songbirds And Ruminants, Nabanita Mukherjee

Master's Theses

Ticks are hematophagous arthropods and capable of inoculating various infectious agents to their vertebrate hosts. Ticks attached to birds and ruminants are capable of carrying tick-transmitted microorganisms. In our study, the prevalence of tick-borne pathogens was examined in ticks infesting migratory songbirds and Pakistani ruminants. During spring migration seasons, ticks were removed from northward-migrating songbirds in Louisiana and identified as Amblyomma Jongirostre, Amblyomma nodosum, Amb/yomma ca/caratum, Amblyomma maculatum, and Haemaphysalis species, all are considered as Neotropical ticks. Ticks removed from ruminants were identified as Hya/omma anatolicum, Hyalomma dromedarii, Rhipicephalus microplus, and Rhipicephalus sanguineus. A total of 112 ...


Regulation Of The Escherichia Coli Hipba Toxin-Antitoxin System By Proteolysis, Sonja Hansen, Marin Vulić, Tien-Jui Yen, Maria A. Schumacher, Richard G. Brennan, Kim Lewis Jun 2013

Regulation Of The Escherichia Coli Hipba Toxin-Antitoxin System By Proteolysis, Sonja Hansen, Marin Vulić, Tien-Jui Yen, Maria A. Schumacher, Richard G. Brennan, Kim Lewis

Marin Vulić

Bacterial populations produce antibiotic-tolerant persister cells. A number of recent studies point to the involvement of toxin/antitoxin (TA) modules in persister formation. hipBA is a type II TA module that codes for the HipB antitoxin and the HipA toxin. HipA is an EF-Tu kinase, which causes protein synthesis inhibition and dormancy upon phosphorylation of its substrate. Antitoxins are labile proteins that are degraded by one of the cytosolic ATP-dependent proteases. We followed the rate of HipB degradation in different protease deficient strains and found that HipB was stabilized in a lon- background. These findings were confirmed in an in ...


Caspase-11 Activation In Response To Bacterial Secretion Systems That Access The Host Cytosol, Cierra N. Casson, Alan M. Copenhaver, Erin E. Zwack, Hieu T. Nguyen, Till Strowig, Bahar Javdan, William P. Bradley, Thomas C. Fung, Richard A. Flavell, Igor E. Brodsky, Sunny Shin Jun 2013

Caspase-11 Activation In Response To Bacterial Secretion Systems That Access The Host Cytosol, Cierra N. Casson, Alan M. Copenhaver, Erin E. Zwack, Hieu T. Nguyen, Till Strowig, Bahar Javdan, William P. Bradley, Thomas C. Fung, Richard A. Flavell, Igor E. Brodsky, Sunny Shin

Department of Microbiology Papers

Inflammasome activation is important for antimicrobial defense because it induces cell death and regulates the secretion of IL-1 family cytokines, which play a critical role in inflammatory responses. The inflammasome activates caspase-1 to process and secrete IL-1β. However, the mechanisms governing IL-1α release are less clear. Recently, a non-canonical inflammasome was described that activates caspase-11 and mediates pyroptosis and release of IL-1α and IL-1β. Caspase-11 activation in response to Gram-negative bacteria requires Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and TIR-domain-containing adaptor-inducing interferon-β (TRIF)-dependent interferon production. Whether additional bacterial signals trigger caspase-11 activation is unknown. Many bacterial pathogens use specialized secretion systems ...


Density-Dependent Prophylaxis In Crowded Beet Webworm, Loxostege Sticticalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) Larvae To A Parasitoid And A Fungal Pathogen, Hailong Kong, Yunxia Cheng, Lizhi Luo, Thomas W. Sappington, Xingfu Jiang, Lei Zhang Jun 2013

Density-Dependent Prophylaxis In Crowded Beet Webworm, Loxostege Sticticalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) Larvae To A Parasitoid And A Fungal Pathogen, Hailong Kong, Yunxia Cheng, Lizhi Luo, Thomas W. Sappington, Xingfu Jiang, Lei Zhang

Entomology Publications

Transmission of parasites and pathogens is generally positively density-dependent: as an insect population's density increases, the risk of an individual becoming attacked or infected also increases. In some insect species, individuals experiencing crowded conditions are more resistant to natural enemies than those experiencing low density conditions, and they are predicted to divert resources to increase resistance. This phenomenon is called density-dependent prophylaxis. Here, possible expression of prophylaxis in fifth-instar larvae of Beet Webworm, Loxostege sticticalis, to biocontrol agents was investigated under rearing densities of 1, 10, and 30 larvae per jar (650 mL). Larvae reared at the moderate density ...


Neuropathogenic Escherichia Coli K1 Does Not Exhibit Proteolytic Activities To Exert Its Pathogenicity, Junaid Iqbal, Mehak Rajan, Ruqaiyyah Siddiqu, Naveed Ahmed Khan May 2013

Neuropathogenic Escherichia Coli K1 Does Not Exhibit Proteolytic Activities To Exert Its Pathogenicity, Junaid Iqbal, Mehak Rajan, Ruqaiyyah Siddiqu, Naveed Ahmed Khan

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Background: Proteases are well-known virulence factors that promote survival, pathogenesis and immune evasion of many pathogens. Several lines of evidence suggest that the blood-brain barrier permeability is a prerequisite in microbial invasion of the central nervous system. Because proteases are frequently associated with vascular permeability by targeting junctional proteins, here it is hypothesized that neuropathogenic Escherichia coli K1 exhibit proteolytic activities to exert its pathogenicity.
Methods: Zymographic assays were performed using collagen and gelatin as substrates. The lysates of whole E. coli K1 strain E44, or E. coli K-12 strain HB101 were tested for proteolytic activities. The conditioned media were ...


Molecular And Genomic Based Insights Into The Evolution Of Enterococcus Faecium From Commensal To Hospital-Adapted Pathogen, Jessica R. Galloway-Pena May 2013

Molecular And Genomic Based Insights Into The Evolution Of Enterococcus Faecium From Commensal To Hospital-Adapted Pathogen, Jessica R. Galloway-Pena

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

The basis for the recent transition of Enterococcus faecium from a primarily commensal organism to one of the leading causes of hospital-acquired infections in the United States is not yet understood. To address this, the first part of my project assessed isolates from early outbreaks in the USA and South America using sequence analysis, colony hybridizations, and minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) which showed clinical isolates possess virulence and antibiotic resistance determinants that are less abundant or lacking in community isolates. I also revealed that the level of ampicillin resistance increased over time in clinical strains. By sequencing the pbp5 gene ...


Proteomic Studies Of The Influenza Virus-Human Cell Interactions: The Responses Of Host Cell Protein Expression To Viral Infection And The Novel Host Proteins That Interact With Virus Protein Ns1, Yimeng Wang May 2013

Proteomic Studies Of The Influenza Virus-Human Cell Interactions: The Responses Of Host Cell Protein Expression To Viral Infection And The Novel Host Proteins That Interact With Virus Protein Ns1, Yimeng Wang

Theses and Dissertations

Influenza A viruses (IAVs) continue to be a threat to human health. Despite extensive studies, the mechanisms underlying the IAVs-host interactions during IAV infection remain elusive. We employed quantitative proteomic methods to systematically explore the host cell protein expression responses to IAV infection and examine the function of a critical IAV protein called NS1 by identifying its host binding partners. Specifically, we used a 2-dimentional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) based proteomic method to screen host proteins whose expression was substantially altered by IAV. One critical protein named IκB kinase-gamma (IKKγ) was found to be significantly down-regulated during IAV infection. Functional studies ...


Qcm Aptasensor For Rapid And Specific Detection Of Avian Influenza Virus, Luke Brockman May 2013

Qcm Aptasensor For Rapid And Specific Detection Of Avian Influenza Virus, Luke Brockman

Theses and Dissertations

There has been a need for rapid detection of avian influenza virus (AIV) H5N1 due to it being a potential pandemic threat. Most of the current methods, including culture isolation and PCR, are very sensitive and specific but require specialized laboratories and trained personnel in order to complete the tests and are time-consuming. The goal of this study was to design a biosensor that would be able to rapidly detect AIV H5N1 using aptamers as biosensing material and a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) for transducing method. Specific DNA aptamers against AIV H5N1 were immobilized, through biotin and streptavidin conjugation, onto ...


Analysis Of The Chondroitinase Operon Of Flavobacterium Columnare, Erin L. Sorlien May 2013

Analysis Of The Chondroitinase Operon Of Flavobacterium Columnare, Erin L. Sorlien

Senior Honors Projects

Analysis of the chondroitinase operon of Flavobacterium columnare

Erin Sorlien

Major

Cell and Molecular Biology, Chemistry

Advisor

Dr. David R. Nelson

Date

May 2, 2013

Keywords

Flavobacterium columnare, columnaris disease, chondroitin AC lyase, complementation, csl operon

Abstract
Flavobacterium columnare, an opportunistic bacterial pathogen of fish, is the causative agent of columnaris disease (CD). The bacterium is a Gram-negative rod that exhibits gliding motility and avidly forms biofilms. CD affects both wild and cultured freshwater fish, and continues to cause large economic losses to the fish farming industry. According to an investigation conducted by the National Animal Health Monitoring System, CD ...


Development Of A Predictive Modeling System For Validation Of The Cumulative Mirobial Inactivation Of The Salmonellae In Pepperoni Utilizing A Non-Pathogenic Surrogate Microorganism (Enterococcus Faecalis), Scott Donald Stillwell May 2013

Development Of A Predictive Modeling System For Validation Of The Cumulative Mirobial Inactivation Of The Salmonellae In Pepperoni Utilizing A Non-Pathogenic Surrogate Microorganism (Enterococcus Faecalis), Scott Donald Stillwell

Theses and Dissertations

Salmonellosis is the most frequently occurring bacterial foodborne illness in the United States and the human case rate has not improved for the past two decades. The federal agency responsible for oversight of meat and poultry processors has announced the intent to extend existing pathogen reduction performance standards for Salmonella spp. to cover all classes of products including fermented sausages that are currently produced under HACCP plans that are validated for control of Escherichia coli O157:H7. The proposed regulatory modifications will require processors to revalidate HACCP plan controls to achieve either a 6.5 or a 7.0 log10 ...


Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Ampr Transcriptional Regulatory Network, Deepak Balasubramanian Mar 2013

Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Ampr Transcriptional Regulatory Network, Deepak Balasubramanian

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In Enterobacteriaceae, the transcriptional regulator AmpR, a member of the LysR family, regulates the expression of a chromosomal β-lactamase AmpC. The regulatory repertoire of AmpR is broader in Pseudomonas aeruginosa, an opportunistic pathogen responsible for numerous acute and chronic infections including cystic fibrosis. Previous studies showed that in addition to regulating ampC, P. aeruginosa AmpR regulates the sigma factor AlgT/U and production of some quorum sensing (QS)-regulated virulence factors. In order to better understand the ampR regulon, the transcriptional profiles generated using DNA microarrays and RNA-Seq of the prototypic P. aeruginosa PAO1 strain with its isogenic ampR deletion ...


Changes In Bacterial Growth Rate Govern Expression Of The Borrelia Burgdorferi Ospc And Erp Infection-Associated Surface Proteins, Brandon L. Jutras, Alicia M. Chenail, Brian Stevenson Feb 2013

Changes In Bacterial Growth Rate Govern Expression Of The Borrelia Burgdorferi Ospc And Erp Infection-Associated Surface Proteins, Brandon L. Jutras, Alicia M. Chenail, Brian Stevenson

Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics Faculty Publications

The Lyme disease spirochete controls production of its OspC and Erp outer surface proteins, repressing protein synthesis during colonization of vector ticks but increasing expression when those ticks feed on vertebrate hosts. Early studies found that the synthesis of OspC and Erps can be stimulated in culture by shifting the temperature from 23°C to 34°C, leading to a hypothesis that Borrelia burgdorferi senses environmental temperature to determine its location in the tick-mammal infectious cycle. However, borreliae cultured at 34°C divide several times faster than do those cultured at 23°C. We developed methods that disassociate bacterial growth ...


Regulation Of The Escherichia Coli Hipba Toxin-Antitoxin System By Proteolysis, Sonja Hansen, Marin Vulić, Tien-Jui Yen, Maria A. Schumacher, Richard G. Brennan, Kim Lewis Jan 2013

Regulation Of The Escherichia Coli Hipba Toxin-Antitoxin System By Proteolysis, Sonja Hansen, Marin Vulić, Tien-Jui Yen, Maria A. Schumacher, Richard G. Brennan, Kim Lewis

Kim Lewis

Bacterial populations produce antibiotic-tolerant persister cells. A number of recent studies point to the involvement of toxin/antitoxin (TA) modules in persister formation. hipBA is a type II TA module that codes for the HipB antitoxin and the HipA toxin. HipA is an EF-Tu kinase, which causes protein synthesis inhibition and dormancy upon phosphorylation of its substrate. Antitoxins are labile proteins that are degraded by one of the cytosolic ATP-dependent proteases. We followed the rate of HipB degradation in different protease deficient strains and found that HipB was stabilized in a lon- background. These findings were confirmed in an in ...


Detection Of Viable Microorganisms Using Propidium Monoazide, Erik J. Mcfarland, Adrian Ponce Dr. Jan 2013

Detection Of Viable Microorganisms Using Propidium Monoazide, Erik J. Mcfarland, Adrian Ponce Dr.

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Presentations

Propidium monoazide (PMA) is a molecular tool used to assess viability of microorganisms. Currently, PMA is thought to discern viability through membrane permeability; PMA enters only membrane compromised cells, irreversibly crosslinks to theirDNAand precipitates theDNAout of solution, preventing it from being amplified during polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Using PMA on a sample of live and dead microorganisms results in only theDNAof living organisms being amplified and identified. Therefore, a comparison ofPCRresults with and without PMA allows one to determine the live fraction and total population, respectively.

Current literature provides conflicting evidence as to the effectiveness of the technique. Our research ...


Structural And Biochemical Characterization Of The Bacterial Virulence Effector Nlec, Michelle Marian Turco Jan 2013

Structural And Biochemical Characterization Of The Bacterial Virulence Effector Nlec, Michelle Marian Turco

Chemistry & Biochemistry Graduate Theses & Dissertations (1986-2018)

Pathogenic bacteria have developed numerous mechanisms to subvert host cell physiology and create unique niches that facilitate colonization. Within γ-proteobacteria, a specialized molecular machine, the Type III Secretion System (T3SS), is responsible for translocating bacterial proteins directly into host cells. These virulence factors, called effectors, rewire various host cell processes for bacterial gain and are the key for a successful infection. Because many effectors share little if any sequence similarity to proteins of known function, biological knockouts, biochemical assays, and structural studies are necessary to elucidate their functions in pathogenesis.

Enterohemmorhagic E. coli (EHEC) encodes its T3SS on a chromosomal ...


Instructions For Authors, Discovery Editors Jan 2013

Instructions For Authors, Discovery Editors

Discovery, The Student Journal of Dale Bumpers College of Agricultural, Food and Life Sciences

No abstract provided.


Histone Biotinylation In Candida Albicans, Sahar Hasim, Swetha Tati, Nandakumar Madayiputhiya, Renu Nandakumar, Kenneth W. Nickerson Jan 2013

Histone Biotinylation In Candida Albicans, Sahar Hasim, Swetha Tati, Nandakumar Madayiputhiya, Renu Nandakumar, Kenneth W. Nickerson

Kenneth Nickerson Papers

Candida albicans is an opportunistic fungal pathogen in humans. It is a polymorphic fungus: it can live as yeasts, hyphae, or pseudohyphae. Biotin is required for cell growth and fatty acid metabolism because it is used as a cofactor for carboxylases such as acetyl-CoA carboxylase, and pyruvate carboxylase. In addition, we have discovered that biotin is used to modify histones in C. albicans. Biotinylation was detected by Western blots using a monoclonal antibiotin HRP-conjugated antibody as well as with qTOF and LC/MS/MS mass spectrometry. As a precaution, the antibiotin antibody was dialyzed against neutravidin prior to use. During ...


Candida Albicans Czf1 And Efg1 Coordinate The Response To Farnesol During Quorum Sensing, White-Opaque Thermal Dimorphism, And Cell Death, Melanie L. Langford, Jessica C. Hargarten, Krista D. Patefield, Elizabeth Marta, Jill R. Blankenship, Saranna Fanning, Kenneth W. Nickerson, Audrey L. Atkin Jan 2013

Candida Albicans Czf1 And Efg1 Coordinate The Response To Farnesol During Quorum Sensing, White-Opaque Thermal Dimorphism, And Cell Death, Melanie L. Langford, Jessica C. Hargarten, Krista D. Patefield, Elizabeth Marta, Jill R. Blankenship, Saranna Fanning, Kenneth W. Nickerson, Audrey L. Atkin

Kenneth Nickerson Papers

Quorum sensing by farnesol in Candida albicans inhibits filamentation and may be directly related to its ability to cause both mucosal and systemic diseases. The Ras1-cyclic AMP signaling pathway is a target for farnesol inhibition. However, a clear understanding of the downstream effectors of the morphological farnesol response has yet to be unraveled. To address this issue, we screened a library for mutants that fail to respond to farnesol. Six mutants were identified, and the czf1/czf1 mutant was selected for further characterization. Czf1 is a transcription factor that regulates filamentation in embedded agar and also whiteto- opaque switching. We ...


Seroprevalence Of Brucellosis In Livestock Within Three Endemic Regions Of The Country Of Georgia, Eliso Mamisashvili, Ian T. Kracalik, Tinatin Onashvili, Lela Kerdzevadze, Ketevan Goginashvili, Tamar Tigilauri, Marina Donduashvili, Marina Nikolaishvili, Irma Beradze, Marina Zakareishvili, Maka Kokhreidze, Makvala Gelashvili, Nino Vepkhvadze, S. Elizabeth Rácz, Philip H. Elzer, Mikeljon P. Nikolich, Jason K. Blackburn Jan 2013

Seroprevalence Of Brucellosis In Livestock Within Three Endemic Regions Of The Country Of Georgia, Eliso Mamisashvili, Ian T. Kracalik, Tinatin Onashvili, Lela Kerdzevadze, Ketevan Goginashvili, Tamar Tigilauri, Marina Donduashvili, Marina Nikolaishvili, Irma Beradze, Marina Zakareishvili, Maka Kokhreidze, Makvala Gelashvili, Nino Vepkhvadze, S. Elizabeth Rácz, Philip H. Elzer, Mikeljon P. Nikolich, Jason K. Blackburn

Faculty Publications from the Harold W. Manter Laboratory of Parasitology

Brucellosis is the one of most common livestock zoonoses in Georgia, resulting in significant economic losses. Livestock were sampled in three regions of Georgia (Kakheti, Kvemo Kartli, Imereti). Districts that historically reported high numbers of brucellosis related morbidity were selected for serological, bacteriological and molecular surveys. Surveying efforts yielded samples from 10,819 large and small ruminants. In total, 735 serological tests were positive on Rose Bengal and 33 bacterial isolates were recovered and identified as Brucella melitensis or Brucella abortus by microbiology and AMOS-PCR. A Bayesian framework was implemented to estimate the true prevalence of the disease given an ...


Equine Serum Antibody Responses To Streptococcus Equi And Streptococcus Zooepidemicus, Rafaela De Negri Jan 2013

Equine Serum Antibody Responses To Streptococcus Equi And Streptococcus Zooepidemicus, Rafaela De Negri

Theses and Dissertations--Veterinary Science

Streptococcus zooepidemicus (Sz) and Streptococcus equi (Se) share 98% DNA sequence homology, but display different pathogenic properties. Infection by one organism does not cross-protect against the other. To better understand pathogenic differences between these organisms and gain information about which proteins are expressed in horses infected experimentally with Se, intrauterine Sz or naturally with respiratory Sz we compared antibody specificities of convalescent sera using ELISA. These comparisons were based on sets of 8 and 14 immunoreactive recombinant proteins of Se strain CF32 and Sz strain NC78, respectively. Sera from donkeys that were previously naturally affected with strangles and later developed ...


Letter From The Dean, Michael Vayda Jan 2013

Letter From The Dean, Michael Vayda

Discovery, The Student Journal of Dale Bumpers College of Agricultural, Food and Life Sciences

No abstract provided.