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Pathogenic Microbiology Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Pathogenic Microbiology

Density-Dependent Prophylaxis In Crowded Beet Webworm, Loxostege Sticticalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) Larvae To A Parasitoid And A Fungal Pathogen, Hailong Kong, Yunxia Cheng, Lizhi Luo, Thomas W. Sappington, Xingfu Jiang, Lei Zhang Jun 2013

Density-Dependent Prophylaxis In Crowded Beet Webworm, Loxostege Sticticalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) Larvae To A Parasitoid And A Fungal Pathogen, Hailong Kong, Yunxia Cheng, Lizhi Luo, Thomas W. Sappington, Xingfu Jiang, Lei Zhang

Entomology Publications

Transmission of parasites and pathogens is generally positively density-dependent: as an insect population's density increases, the risk of an individual becoming attacked or infected also increases. In some insect species, individuals experiencing crowded conditions are more resistant to natural enemies than those experiencing low density conditions, and they are predicted to divert resources to increase resistance. This phenomenon is called density-dependent prophylaxis. Here, possible expression of prophylaxis in fifth-instar larvae of Beet Webworm, Loxostege sticticalis, to biocontrol agents was investigated under rearing densities of 1, 10, and 30 larvae per jar (650 mL). Larvae reared at the moderate density ...


Midgut Barrier Imparts Selective Resistance To Filarial Worm Infection In Culex Pipiens Pipiens, Michelle L. Michalski, Sarah M. Erickson, Bruce M. Christensen, Lyric C. Bartholomay Nov 2010

Midgut Barrier Imparts Selective Resistance To Filarial Worm Infection In Culex Pipiens Pipiens, Michelle L. Michalski, Sarah M. Erickson, Bruce M. Christensen, Lyric C. Bartholomay

Entomology Publications

Mosquitoes in the Culex pipiens complex thrive in temperate and tropical regions worldwide, and serve as efficient vectors of Bancroftian lymphatic filariasis (LF) caused by Wuchereria bancrofti in Asia, Africa, the West Indies, South America, and Micronesia. However, members of this mosquito complex do not act as natural vectors for Brugian LF caused by Brugia malayi, or for the cat parasite B. pahangi, despite their presence in South Asia where these parasites are endemic. Previous work with the Iowa strain of Culex pipiens pipiens demonstrates that it is equally susceptible to W. bancrofti as is the natural Cx. p. pipiens ...